OAI Archive: Digitala Vetenskapliga Arkivet - Academic Archive On-line

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Digitala Vetenskapliga Arkivet - Academic Archive On-line"

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  1. Better Red Than Dead – Remembering Cold War Sweden.Johan Hegardt - 2019 - In Lars Kleberg, Tora Lane & Marcia Sá Cavalcante Shuback (eds.), Words, Bodies, Memory: A Festschrift in honor of Irina Sandomirskaja. pp. 31-42.
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  2. Totalitarianism and the Experience of Experience.Tora Lane - 2019 - In Lars Kleberg, Tora Lane & Marcia Sá Cavalcante Shuback (eds.), Words, Bodies, Memory: A Festschrift in honor of Irina Sandomirskaja. pp. 323-330.
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  3. The Rhythm of Time.Hans Ruin - 2019 - In Lars Kleberg, Tora Lane & Marcia Sá Cavalcante Shuback (eds.), Words, Bodies, Memory: A Festschrift in honor of Irina Sandomirskaja. pp. 153-158.
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  4. The Thought Experimenting Qualities of Kierkegaard's Fear and Trembling.Ingrid Malm Lindberg - 2019 - Religions 10 (6).
    In this article, I examine the possible thought experimenting qualities of SOren Kierkegaard's novel Fear and Trembling and in which way it can be explanatory. Kierkegaard's preference for pseudonyms, indirect communication, Socratic interrogation, and performativity are identified as features that provide the narrative with its thought experimenting quality. It is also proposed that this literary fiction functions as a Socratic-theological thought experiment due to its influences from both philosophy and theology. In addition, I suggest three functional levels of the fictional (...)
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  5. Causal After All : A Model of Mental Causation for Dualists.Bram Vaassen - 2019 - Dissertation,
    In this dissertation, I develop and defend a model of causation that allows for dualist mental causation in worlds where the physical domain is physically complete. -/- In Part I, I present the dualist ontology that will be assumed throughout the thesis and identify two challenges for models of mental causation within such an ontology: the exclusion worry and the common cause worry. I also argue that a proper response to these challenges requires a thoroughly lightweight account of causation, i.e. (...)
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  6. Introduction to Special Issue : Adorno and the Anthropocene.Camilla Flodin & Anders S. Johansson - 2019 - Adorno Studies 3 (1):i-v.
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  7. Why Art? : The Anthropocene, Ecocriticism, and Adorno’s Concept of Natural Beauty.Anders S. Johansson - 2019 - Adorno Studies 3 (1):64-79.
    The article confronts contemporary ecocriticism with Adorno’s concept of natural beauty. If ecocriticism may be understood as a reaction to climate change – the gravity of the situation turns the academic into an activist – a fundamental question often remains unanswered: why should we turn to art if we are facing ecological disaster? The article then presents Adorno’s answer to this question, an answer that is closely tied to his theory of natural beauty. A crucial point in Adorno’s discussion of (...)
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  8. Changing Things: Innovation Through Design Philosophy.Johan Redström & Heather Wiltse - unknown
    Digital networked technologies are currently at the forefront of contemporary innovation, driving changes in sociotechnical practices across industrial sectors and in everyday life. Yet technical innovation has been outpacing our capacity to make sense of these technologies and the fundamental changes associated with them. This sense-making enterprise is the focus of our current research in developing a design philosophy for changing things. We describe a conceptual framework developed around the concept of things as fluid assemblages to investigate and articulate what (...)
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  9. The Didactics of Vocational Bildung : How Stories Matter in VET Research.Ruhi Tyson - 2016 - Journal of Vocational Education and Training 68 (3).
    In the research on education, the field roughly covered by the concept of Bildung has seen a wide-ranging discussion philosophically but less has been said and done from an empirical and vocational perspective. Bildung includes matters such as: formation of character, ethical and aesthetic knowledge/capability, capacity for wise deliberation and reflection as well as the development of personal autonomy. The focus here is on how narratives about teaching and curricula, both enacted and experienced, can be used to articulate significant aspects (...)
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  10. Generational “We-Sense”, “They-Sense” and Narrative : An Epistemological Approach to Media and Social Change.Göran Bolin - 2019 - Empiria. Revista de Metodología de Ciencias Sociales 42:21-36.
    A classic epistemological problem in the social sciences is how to analyse and understand social change. In media and communication studies, for example, the concept of mediatisation has sparked off such a debate, since one of the main criticisms against the approach is that researchers rather take change for granted without being able to empirically establish if and how change has occurred. In this article is suggested a model for analysing social change through an analysis of how generational identity as (...)
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  11. Henry Stapp Vs. David Bohm on Mind, Matter, and Quantum Mechanics.Paavo Pylkkänen - forthcoming - Activitas Nervosa Superior.
    This paper briefly discusses some of David Bohm’s views on mind and matter and suggests that they allow for a stronger possibility for conscious free will to influence quantum dynamics than Henry Stapp’s approach.
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  12. Six Sigma Perspectives : In Academic World and Business Environment.Bardia Alimohamadi & Nasrin Khorshidi - unknown
    In beginning of 1980s, a majority of business sectors were suffering from high operating costs and inefficiencies which were a big loss to these sectors. These inefficiencies and lack of effectiveness were consequently producing high levels of customer dissatisfactions as well. Six Sigma culture has been predominantly inspired and affected by Japanese business culture with a focus on total customer satisfaction. This had turned out to be an alert to Motorola that was not famous for its arrogant attitude toward their (...)
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  13. Emergent Quantum Mechanics : David Bohm Centennial Perspectives.Jan Walleczek, Gerhard Grössing, Paavo Pylkkänen & Basil Hiley - 2019 - Entropy 21 (2).
    Emergent quantum mechanics explores the possibility of an ontology for quantum mechanics. The resurgence of interest in realist approaches to quantum mechanics challenges the standard textbook view, which represents an operationalist approach. The possibility of an ontological, i.e., realist, quantum mechanics was first introduced with the original de Broglie-Bohm theory, which has also been developed in another context as Bohmian mechanics. This Editorial introduces a Special Issue featuring contributions which were invited as part of the David Bohm Centennial symposium of (...)
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  14. Technology and the Existential Element in Sport.Roger Melin - forthcoming - Idrottsforum. Org/Nordic Sport Science Forum.
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  15. PageRanks Ability to Track Webpage Quality: Reconciling Googles Wisdom-of-Crowds Justification with the Scale-Free Structure of the Web.George Masterton & Erik J. Olsson - 2018 - Hellyon 4 (11).
    We address the fundamental question why we should use PageRank and similar link-based algorithms in search engines, if at all. In a legendary article from 1998, the Google founders gave an intriguing wisdom-of-crowds justification for PageRank according to which the latter tracks quality online. This striking suggestion stands in contrast to the view that PageRank merely tracks what is popular. However, Masterton and Olsson showed that web-ecologies generated by Google-like assumptions essentially fail to reflect the scale-free structure of the web. (...)
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  16. Beyond the Dichotomies of a Coercion and Voluntary Recruitment Afghan Unaccompanied Minors Unveil Their Recruitment Process in Iran.Rami Ali - unknown
    By shedding light on accounts from unaccompanied Afghan asylum-seeking minors in Sweden who were child soldiers in Syria, this thesis explores and examines their narratives and their involvement in the civil war in Syria. The research aims to create a deeper understanding of how these children themselves made sense of their participation in the war by answering the following questions: How were the children approached by the recruiters? What kind of reasons for joining the war are put forward by the (...)
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  17. Ideology of Neo-Fascism, Education, and Culture of Peace : The Empirical Case of Bosnia and Herzegovina.Goran Basic, Zlatan Delić & Halima Sofradzija - 2019 - Critical Education 10 (6):1-20.
    The aim of this article is to critically analyse intellectual conditions for education pertaining to the empirical and normative knowledge dimensions that can oppose the ideologies of neo-fascism. The analytical basis is a literature review of various studies from the domains of sociology of knowledge, war sociology, social epistemology, and critical pedagogy. The article explains the social need for better-quality public education pertaining to the meaning of political, media, and religious use and misuse of “identitarian concepts” and “identitarian terminology.” The (...)
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  18. Constancy in Variation : An Argument for Centering the Contents of Experience?Kathrin Glüer - 2016 - In Manuel García-Carpintero & Stephan Torre (eds.), About Oneself: De Se Thought and Communication. Oxford University Press. pp. 56-85.
    When you look at a circular plate at an angle, it looks circular. But there also is a certain sense in which its look can be described as oval. When you move, the plate’s look changes with your perspective on it—nevertheless, it continues to look circular. This chapter investigates whether these “constancy in variation” phenomena can be explained in terms of the representational content of visual experience, and whether constancy in variation provides special, phenomenological, reasons to construe experience as having (...)
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  19. Horizontal Inequality in Rationing by Waiting Lists.Gustav Tinghög, David Andersson, Petter Tinghög & Carl H. Lyttkens - 2014 - International Journal of Health Services 44 (1):169-184.
    The objective of this article was to investigate the existence of horizontal inequality in access to care for six categories of elective surgery in a publicly funded system, when care is rationed through waiting lists. Administrative waiting time data on all elective surgeries performed in Östergötland, Sweden, in 2007 were linked to national registers containing variables on socioeconomic indicators. Using multiple regression, we tested five hypotheses reflecting that more resourceful groups receive priority when rationing by waiting lists. Low disposable household (...)
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  20. Rule-Following and Charity : Wittgenstein and Davidson on Meaning Determination.Kathrin Glüer - 2017 - In Claudine Verheggen (ed.), Wittgenstein and Davidson on Language, Thought, and Action. Cambridge University Press. pp. 69-96.
    The project of this chapter is to explore some relations between the rule-following considerations and radical interpretation. I spell out the sense in which the rule-following considerations are about meaning determination, and investigate whether the principle of meaning determination used in the early Davidson's account of meaning determination - the principle of charity - provides an answer to what I shall call "Wittgenstein's paradox". More precisely, I am interested in one aspect of the paradox: the "problem of objectivity". My question (...)
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  21. Reasons for Belief and Normativity.Kathrin Glüer & Åsa Wikforss - 2018 - In Daniel Star (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Reasons and Normativity. Oxford University Press. pp. 575-599.
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  22. Interpretation and the Interpreter : On the Role of the Interpreter in Davidsonian Foundational Semantics.Kathrin Glüer - 2018 - In Derek Ball & Brian Rabern (eds.), The Science of Meaning: Essays on the Metatheory of Natural Language Semantics. Oxford University Press. pp. 226-252.
    According to Donald Davidson, “what a fully informed interpreter could learn about what a speaker means is all there is to learn; the same goes for what the speaker believes”. This is a foundational claim about the nature of semantic properties: these are evidence-constituted properties. They are determined by the principle of charity on the basis of data about the behaviour of the speaker. But what exactly is the role of the interpreter in the Davidsonian account of meaning determination? Is (...)
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  23. New Memory Cultures and Death : Existential Security in the Digital Memory Ecology.Amanda Lagerkvist - 2013 - Thanatos 2 (2):1-17.
    It is often claimed that modern media massively return the repressed yet unavoidable fact of death, which modernity had institutionalised and placed out of sight. Death is everywhere in the media age: in news, in fiction, and not least in the budding practices of sociality and memory on the internet. This article will revolve around what we may learn about media and death from the vantage point of how memory cultures are currently being transformed. Spanning a heterogeneous terrain, the ‘digital (...)
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  24. Problematising Conceptualisations of Gender in Feminist Studies : The Place of Age and Children in the Concept of Gender.Teri Shardlow - unknown
    Using a feminist poststructuralist approach as a guide, I begin this thesis with the workinghypothesis that gender may be an adult-centred concept in feminist studies. This leads me toask: If the concept of gender in feminist studies is adult-centred, how is this centring formedand maintained? To answer this question, I begin by splitting my analysis into three analyticalsections: age, children, and gender. Although I include age, children, and gender into eachsectional analysis, my main priority in the first two sections is (...)
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  25. Moral Practice After Error Theory: Negotiationism.Björn Eriksson & Jonas Olson - 2019 - In Richard Joyce & Richard Garner (eds.), The End of Morality: Taking Moral Abolitionism Seriously. New York, USA: Routledge. pp. 113-130.
    We first deal with a few preliminary matters and discuss what-if any-distinct impact belief in moral error theory should have on our moral practice. Second, we describe what is involved in giving an answer to our leading question and take notice of some factors that are relevant to what an adequate answer might look like. We also argue that the specific details of adequate answers to our leading question will depend largely on context. Third, we consider three extant answers to (...)
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  26. Creativity in Language and Expression : Merleau-Ponty and Saussure's Principle of Analogy.Anna Petronella Foultier - 2018 - Acta Structuralica: International Journal for Structuralist Research 2:47-68.
    For Merleau-Ponty, the question of phenomenological method was always connected to the problem of expression, in that the results of successful expression can for him amount to a catching of the world “in its nascent state”. In other words, elucidating the phenomena as they show themselves demands a certain amount of creativity to come through. But even though creative expression is without doubt of chief importance for Merleau-Ponty, it is not so easy to determine what exactly it consists in. Minimally, (...)
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  27. Moral and Epistemic Error Theory : The Parity Premise Reconsidered.Jonas Olson - 2018 - In Conor McHugh, Jonathan Way & Daniel Whiting (eds.), Metaepistemology. Oxford University Press. pp. 107-121.
    Many moral error theorists hold that moral facts are irreducibly normative. They also hold that irreducible normativity is metaphysically queer and conclude that there are no irreducibly normative reasons and consequently no moral facts. A popular response to moral error theory utilizes the so-called ‘companions in guilt’ strategy and argues that if moral reasons are irreducibly normative, then epistemic reasons are too. This is the Parity Premise, on the basis of which critics of moral error theory draw the Parity Conclusion (...)
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  28. Anarchy, State and the Political Conception of Justice.Martin Jacobson - unknown
    Political theorists disagree on the origin of justice. According to the cosmopolitan conception of justice, duties of justice are pre-political and universal. According to the political conception of justice, on the other hand, full duties of justice arise within and only within the context of a political community. Which one of these conceptions one adopts will have a comprehensive impact on ethical issues concerning global justice, such as migration ethics and foreign assistance. In this paper I argue that the political (...)
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  29. In Search of Lost Deterrence – Two Essays on Deterrence and the Models Employed to Study the Phenomenon.Karl Sörenson - unknown
    To deter is central for strategic thinking. Some of the more astute observations regarding the dynamics of deterrence were made during the Cold War by game theorists. This set the stage for how deterrence has come to be studied. A strong methodological element like the research on deterrence’s reliance on game theory requires examination in order to understand what sort of knowledge it actually yields. What sort of knowledge does one acquire when deterrence is viewed through game theoretic models? How (...)
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  30. Supporting Learning and Teaching of Chemistry in the Undergraduate Classroom.Ilana A. Manneh - 2019 - Dissertation, Stockholms Universitet
    There is agreement in research about the need to find better ways of teaching chemistry to enhance students’ understanding. This thesis aims to contribute to the understanding of how we better support teaching and learning of undergraduate chemistry to make it meaningful and intelligible for students from the outset. The thesis is concerned with examining the interactions between student, specific content and teacher in the undergraduate chemistry classroom; that is, the processes making up the three relations of the didactic triangle. (...)
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  31. A New Route From Moral Disagreement to Moral Skepticism.Olle Risberg & Folke Tersman - 2019 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 5 (2):189-207.
    Moral disagreement is sometimes thought to pose problems for moral realism because it shows that we cannot achieve knowledge of the moral facts the realists posit. In particular, it is "fundamental" moral disagreement—that is, disagreement that is not due to distorting factors such as ignorance of relevant nonmoral facts, bad reasoning skills, or the like—that is supposed to generate skeptical implications. In this paper, we show that this version of the disagreement challenge is flawed as it stands. The reason is (...)
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  32. On the Austere Conception of Nonsense.Gisela Bengtsson - 2002 - Kirchberg Am Wechsel: ALWS 10 (37):25-27.
    In this paper I criticize James Conant’s account of the ”austere conception of nonsense”. 1) Conant tells us that no distinctions are made within nonsense, according to the “austere conception of nonsense”. I argue that this is not the case. 2) Conant claims that there can be no fixed answers to whether a remark is nonsensical or not. He also provides a list of remarks that must be understood as meaningful. 3) I argue that it follows from Conant’s account that (...)
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  33. Using Lifeworld Philosophy in Education to Intertwine Caring and Learning: An Illustration of Two Ways of Learning How to Care.Ulrica Hörberg, Kathleen Galvin, Margaretha Ekebergh & Lise-Lotte Ozolins - forthcoming - Reflective Practice.
    Our general purpose is to show how a philosophically oriented theoretical foundation, drawn from a lifeworld perspective can serve as a coherent direction for caring practices in education. We argue that both caring and learning share the same ontological foundation and point to this intertwining from a philosophical perspective. We proceed by illustrating shared epistemological ground through some novel educational practices in the professional preparation of carers. Beginning in a phenomenologically oriented philosophical foundation, we will first unfold what this means (...)
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  34. The Ambivalence of Universalization in Albert Kahn's Archive of the Planet.Jakob Nilsson - 2009 - SITE Magazine 28:14-20.
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  35. The Inversion of Mysticism : Gelassenheit and the Secret of the Open in Heidegger.Hans Ruin - 2018 - Religions 10 (1).
    : The article explores the topic of Gelassenheit in Heidegger, through the lense of the ambiguous role of Christian mysticism in general and Eckhart in particular in and for his thinking. In an analysis of how mysticism appears in his early lectures on religion, it explains why he is critical of this concept and of how it is commonly understood. It also gives reasons for why we too should be cautious in using it to describe his position in his later (...)
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  36. On Love.Daniela Cutaş - 2018 - Analize – Journal of Gender and Feminist Studies 11:5-15.
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  37. A Philosophic Poetic Inquiry of Three Aspects of Interpretation Within Music Education Research : An Autoethnodrama in Four Acts.Carl Holmgren - 2018 - European Journal of Philosophy in Arts Education 3 (1):7-86.
    This article explores three aspects of interpretation—musical interpretation of notated Western art music, hermeneutics, and poetry —based on ongoing music education research focusing on the learning of musical interpretation within the one-to-one context of higher music education. The broad philosophic poetic inquiry of interpretation has the form of an autoethnodrama containing both haiku and found poetry. Poetry is both used as a process of inquiry and as a means of representation. The autoethnodrama explores the author’s struggle with finding his cogito (...)
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  38. Infinitely Demanding Entrepreneurship.Mathias Karlsson - 2018 - Dissertation, Linnaeus University
    In both the study and the practice of entrepreneurship, the phenomenon of entrepreneurship is recurrently put forward as a key, or even the key, to resolving many of today’s social, ecological, and economic challenges. However, research shows that entrepreneurs who pursue social change risk overlooking or excluding certain worldviews, values, and ways of living. This thesis examines how entrepreneurial practices can create responsible social change. The study draws on ethnographic work and explores a new initiative launched by the Swedish furniture (...)
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  39. The Relevance of a Polanyi-Inspired Analysis When Interpreting Socio-Economic Developments in the Nordics.Ernst Hollander - unknown
    In the suggested paper I want to show that Polanyi-inspired models of interpretation and derived concepts can help us finding new ways of understanding Nordic developments. Most of the empiric material will come from Sweden. My frame of analysing as well as central references can be found in Hollander. In this abstract I do two things: First I give some hints as to how I position my own views in relation to what I understand to be the intended main discourse (...)
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  40. ‘What [I] Talk About When [I] Am Running’ : Revetment Running, Ethnography and Econarratological Poetry.Kalle Jonasson - 2018 - The Ethnographic Edge - Contemporary Ethnography Across the Disciplines 2 (1):9-20.
    In this article, nonhuman poetry is explored. Departing from an autoethnographic project based on audio recordings made while running on revetments, and which discussed how to give voice to nonhuman actors the possibilities of nonhuman poetry, this text aims at taking it one step further by extracting poetry from the material. Ethnographically, this is discussed in terms of affect, and an 'ethnography to be'. Theoretically, the study has a posthumanist approach, with a specific focus on the econarratology of philosopher Michel (...)
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  41. Engaging Advaita : Conceptualising Liberating Knowledge in the Face of Western Modernity.Pawel Odyniec - 2018 - South Asian Studies 4:264.
    This dissertation is a study of modern Indian philosophy. It examines three engaging articulations of the Advaitic notion of liberating knowledge or brahmajñāna provided by three prominent Indian philosophers of the twentieth century, namely, Badrīnāth Śukla, Krishnachandra Bhattacharyya, and Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. Particular attention is paid to the existing relation between their distinctive conceptualisations of liberating knowledge and the doxastic attitudes that these authors professed towards the Sanskrit intellectual past of South Asia and the presence of the Western Other. In the (...)
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  42. Interview With Claude Romano.Ruslan Loshakov & Claude Romano - 2017 - Horizon-Fenomenologicheskie Issledovaniya 6 (1):241-264.
    What is the event? How the phenomenology of event is possible if the "event" is not the phenomenon in the classical meaning of this word? French philosopher Claude Romano discusses these questions with his Russian colleague Ruslan Loshakov. The interlocutors consider the concept of event in different contexts, paying special attention to the relationships which connect the phenomenology of event with Husserl, Bergson, Heidegger and Levinas' ideas.
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  43. The Being of Analogy.Noah Roderick - 2016 - London, U.K.: Open Humanities Press.
    Similarity has long been excluded from reality in both the analytical and continental traditions. Because it exists in the aesthetic realm, and because aesthetics is thought to be divorced from objective reality, similarity has been confined to the prison of the subject. In The Being of Analogy, Noah Roderick unleashes similarity onto the world of objects. Inspired by object-oriented theories of causality, Roderick argues that similarity is ever present at the birth of new objects. This includes the emergent similarity of (...)
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  44. Theodor W. Adorno : With Hegel Against Capitalism.Anders Bartonek - 2018 - In Anders Burman & Anders Baronek (eds.), Hegelian Marxism: The Uses of Hegel’s Philosophy in Marxist Theory from Georg Lukács to Slavoj Žižek. Huddinge: Södertörns högskola. pp. 127-150.
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  45. The Revisionist Within : Unity and Unilateralism in Heglian Marxism and Beyond.David Payne - 2018 - In Anders Burman & Anders Baronek (eds.), Hegelian Marxism: The Uses of Hegel’s Philosophy in Marxist Theory from Georg Lukács to Slavoj Žižek. Huddinge: Södertörns högskola. pp. 151-184.
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  46. Herbert Marcuse : No Dialectics, No Critique.Anders Bartonek - 2018 - In Anders Burman & Anders Baronek (eds.), Hegelian Marxism: The Uses of Hegel’s Philosophy in Marxist Theory from Georg Lukács to Slavoj Žižek. Huddinge: Södertörns högskola. pp. 81-106.
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  47. Karl Korsch : To Make the Right Marx Visible Through Hegel.Anders Bartonek - 2018 - In Anders Burman & Anders Baronek (eds.), Hegelian Marxism: The Uses of Hegel’s Philosophy in Marxist Theory from Georg Lukács to Slavoj Žižek. Huddinge: Södertörns högskola. pp. 35-59.
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  48. Back to Hegel! : Georg Lukás, Dialectics, and Hegelian Marxism.Anders Burman - 2018 - In Anders Burman & Anders Baronek (eds.), Hegelian Marxism: The Uses of Hegel’s Philosophy in Marxist Theory from Georg Lukács to Slavoj Žižek. Huddinge: Södertörns högskola. pp. 17-34.
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  49. Epistemology, Activism and Entanglement. Rethinking Knowledge Production. : Interview with Nina Lykke by Lea Skewes and Stine Adrian.Lea Skewes & Stine Willum Adrian - 2018 - Kvinder, Køn Og Forskning 27 (1):15-33.
    The conversation presents Prof. Em. Nina Lykke's contributions to feminist technoscience studies as well as entrance points to feminist epistemologies and methodologies.
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  50. The Metaphysics of Reasons.Jonas Olson - 2018 - In Daniel Star (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Reasons and Normativity. New York, USA: Oxford University Press. pp. 255-274.
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  51. Roger Crisp Griffin on Human Rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.Greg Bognar - 2015 - Ethical Perspectives 22 (3):474-478.
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  52. Over the Threshold, Into the World : Experiences of Transcendence in the Context of Staged Events.Kim Skjoldager-Nielsen - 2018 - Dissertation, Stockholms Universitet
    The aim of the thesis is to develop an apparatus of theory and method for performance analysis, the purpose of which is to analyse potentials for experiences of transcendence. These experiences are contextualised in terms of the metaphysical, the religious, and the spiritual. The theoretical basis is a combination of Erika Fischer-Lichte’s the aesthetics of the performative and Dorthe Jørgensen’s metaphysics of experience. In the development of the theoretical discussion, a variety of experiences is explored in the context of contemporary (...)
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  53. Efficient Inspections.Lars Lindblom & Sven Ove Hansson - 2015 - In Ola Svensson, Illka Salo, Pia Oedewald, Teemu Reiman & Ann Britt Skjerve (eds.), Nordic Perspectives on Safety Management in High Reliability Organizations: Theory and Applications. Denmark: NKS Secretariat. pp. 9-19.
    Workplace inspections are undertaken because they are believed to lead to better conditions In the workplace. It is therefore essential to know if inspections have the desired effects on working conditions. We introduce a theoretical framework for the evaluation of workplace inspections with respect to their effects on working conditions. Criteria of efficiency and priority-setting are discussed. Some empirical results concerning priority-setting in Swedish inspection agencies are presented. Further, we argue that in order to obtain reliable information about the effects (...)
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  54. Call to Redefine Human-Robot Interaction: From Social Robots to Gun Shooting Humanoids.Selcen Ozturkcan - unknown
    This paper reviews the human-robot interactionliterature in the scope of recent technological progress. Itgives various examples of emerging human-robotinteraction and calls upon a re-definition of the interactionconcept.
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  55. Research Methods in the Swedish Project Education for Participation : Philosophizing Back a ‘New’ Life After Acquired Brain Injury.Ylva Backman, Teodor Gardelli, Viktor Gardelli, Caroline Strömberg & Åsa Gardelli - 2018 - In F. García, E. Duthie & R. Robles (eds.), Parecidos de familia: Propuestas actuales en Filosofía para Niños. Madrid, Spain: Anaya. pp. 482-490.
    Annually, more than ten million people in all age groups in the world experience an acquired brain injury, which is a brain injury caused after birth by external forces or certain internal factors. Brain injury survivors are often left with long-term impairments in cognitive, social, or emotional functioning. Despite a promising outset, research on the effectiveness of philosophical dialogues as an educational method for persons with ABI to increase their cognitive, social, and emotional functioning has, to our knowledge, been virtually (...)
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  56. Can I Have a Robot Friend?Mathias Tistelgren - unknown
    The development of autonomous social robots is still in its infancy, but there is no reason tothink that it will not continue. In fact, the robotics industry is growing rapidly. Since this trendis showing no signs of abating it is relevant to ask what type of relations we can have withthese machines. Is it for example possible to be friends with them? In this thesis I argue that it is unlikely that we will ever be able to be friends with (...)
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  57. Of Moral Wizardry and Experiential Transformation : A Case for Consent as a Mental State.Philip Södermark - unknown
    In ethics, a highly relevant and divisive topic is that of consent. Many moral dilemmas and ethical forks in the road turn on the question of consent. But how do we differentiate between the consensual and the non-consensual? There is no simple answer to this question and philosophers are quite divided, as they tend to be. Some believe that consent is a mental state whereas others maintain that it is a behavioral expression of some kind. There are others still who (...)
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  58. Convention or Nature? : The Correctness of Names in Plato's Cratylus.Rickard Gustavsson - unknown
    This thesis is about Plato‘s dialogue Cratylus, which is one of the earliest texts in the history ofphilosophy of language and has generated much interpretive controversy. In the dialogue, Platoexamines two theories on the correctness of names; conventionalism and naturalism. However,there is no clear positive outcome in the dialogue in regard to the debate betweenconventionalism and naturalism. Therefore, scholars have long been divided as to what Plato‘sown position on the correctness of names is. Another puzzling feature of the dialogue concernsthe (...)
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  59. Moral Cognition and its Neural Correlates : Possibilites for Enhancement of Moral Cognition and Behavior.Elin Vidlund - unknown
    This essay aims to provide an overview of some key theories and frameworks regarding moral cognition and its neural correlates, in order to examine the possibilities of enhancement of moral cognition. Moral cognition arises from the functional integration of several distinct brain regions and networks. These neural systems correspond to different socioaffective abilities, such as empathy and compassion, as well as sociocognitive abilities, such as theory of mind. Due to this neural distinction, these moral abilities, behaviors, and emotions can be (...)
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  60. (Re)Assembling Our Past, Present and Future : The Slovene Ethnographic Museum as a Platform for Dialogue.Louise de Vries - unknown
    This thesis aims to illustrate and explain contemporary interactions between Western ethnographic museums and broader society. It is based on one central case study, the Slovene Ethnographic Museum in Ljubljana, Slovenia. A majority of informants expressed a wish for the museum to be a platform for dialogue. In connection to their visions, this thesis discusses the potential of ethnographic museums to work towards promoting and facilitating inclusivity and social change as well as some tensions that arise from this development. This (...)
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  61. A Weak Scientific Basis for Gaming Disorder : Let Us Err on the Side of Caution.Antonius J. Van Rooij, Christopher J. Ferguson, Michelle Colder Carras, Daniel Kardefelt-Winther, Jing Shi, Espen Aarseth, Anthony M. Bean, Karin Helmersson Bergmark, Anne Brus, Mark Coulson, Jory Deleuze, Pravin Dullur, Elza Dunkels, Johan Edman, Malte Elson, Peter J. Etchells, Anne Fiskaali, Isabela Granic, Jeroen Jansz, Faltin Karlsen, Linda K. Kaye, Bonnie Kirsh, Andreas Lieberoth, Patrick Markey, Kathryn L. Mills, Rune Kristian Lundedal Nielsen, Amy Orben, Arne Poulsen, Nicole Prause, Patrick Prax, Thorsten Quandt, Adriano Schimmenti, Vladan Starcevic, Gabrielle Stutman, Nigel E. Turner, Jan Van Looy & Andrew K. Przybylski - 2018 - Journal of Behavioral Addictions 7 (1):1-9.
    We greatly appreciate the care and thought that is evident in the 10 commentaries that discuss our debate paper, the majority of which argued in favor of a formalized ICD-11 gaming disorder. We agree that there are some people whose play of video games is related to life problems. We believe that understanding this population and the nature and severity of the problems they experience should be a focus area for future research. However, moving from research construct to formal disorder (...)
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  62. Low-Carbon Transitions and the Good Life.John Holmberg, Jörgen Larsson, Jonas Nässén, Sebastian Svenberg & David Andersson - 2012 - The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency:85.
    A transition to a low-carbon economy requires farreaching reductions in emissions, which in addition will have to take place at the same time as the global population is growing. A growing population also makes ever greater demands on welfare, while the ecological, social and economic systems that have to sustain this development are already under severe strain. It is commonly argued that emission reductions in a growing world economy can and should be achieved by technical innovations so that the transition (...)
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  63. Reasons Behind Children Drop Out of Primary Schools with Unequal Socio-Economic Preconditions : A Comparative Case Study of Three Primary Schools in Babati Town Council, Tanzania.Danovska Ketija - unknown
    One of the countries where the basic academic education is problematic to achieve is Tanzania. Despite the multiple attempts to increase enrolments and decrease dropouts through new partnerships and organizations, high level of drop out still occur in the country. Two research questions were composed in aim to understand why this drop out phenomenon still occur. First question: “Which individual/ collective factors contribute to that girls and boys in the age group between 7 and 13 drop out of primary schools?” (...)
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  64. The Moral Status of Nature : Reasons to Care for the Natural World.Lars Samuelsson - 2008 - Umeå Studies in Philosophy 9:237.
    The subject-matter of this essay is the moral status of nature. This subject is dealt with in terms of normative reasons. The main question is if there are direct normative reasons to care for nature in addition to the numerous indirect normative reasons that there are for doing so. Roughly, if there is some such reason, and that reason applies to any moral agent, then nature has direct moral status as I use the phrase. I develop the notions of direct (...)
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  65. Rationality in Inquiry : On the Revisability of Cognitive Standards.Jonas Nilsson - 2000 - Umeå Studies in Philosophy 1:154.
    The topic of this study is to what extent standards of rational inquiry can be rationally criticized and revised. It is argued that it is rational to treat all such standards as open to criticism and revision. Arguments to the effect that we are fallible with regard to all standards of rational inquiry are presented. Standards cannot be ultimately justified and with certainty established either as adequate or as inescapable presuppositions. Apel's attempt to give ultimate justifications of certain moral and (...)
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  66. Studies in Knowledge Representation : Modeling Change - the Frame Problem : Pictures and Words.Lars-Erik Janlert - 1985 - Dissertation, Umeå Universitet
    In two studies, the author attempts to develop a general symbol theoretical approach to knowledge representation. The first study, Modeling change - the frame problem, critically examines the - so far unsuccessful - attempts to solve the notorious frame problem. By discussing and analyzing a number of related problems - the prediction problem, the revision problem, the qualification problem, and the book-keeping problem - the frame problem is distinguished as the problem of finding a representational form permitting a changing, complex (...)
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  67. It's All in the Brain : A Theory of the Qualities of Perception.Jesper Östman - 2013 - Umeå Studies in Philosophy 11:168.
    This dissertation concerns the location and nature of phenomenal qualities. Arguably, these qualities naively seem to belong to perceived external objects. However, we also seem to experience phenomenal qualities in hallucinations, and in hallucinations we do not perceive any external objects. I present and argue for a theory of the phenomenal qualities, "brain theory", which claims that all phenomenal qualities we experience are physical properties instantiated in the brain, regardless of whether they are experienced in veridical perceptions or in hallucinations. (...)
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  68. The Structure of Knowing : Existential Trust as an Epistemological Category.Hildur Kalman - 1999 - Acta Universitatis Umensis 145.
    This thesis investigates the structure of knowing, and it argues that existential trust is an epistemological category. The aim of the dissertation is to develop a view according to which all human activity is seen as an activity of a lived body, and in which the understanding of the structure of such activity is regarded as central for the solution even of epistemological problems. This view is not rooted in any one philosophical tradition, but circles around activity of the lived (...)
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  69. Seeing Nature as Creation : How Anti-Cartesian Philosophy of Mind and Perception Reshapes Natural Theology.Mats Wahlberg - 2009 - Dissertation, Umeå Universitet
    This dissertation constructively explores the implications for natural theology of John McDowell’s anti-Cartesian philosophy of mind and perception. Traditionally, an important element within natural theology is the idea that nature testifies to its creator, thereby making knowledge of a creator available to humans. In traditional accounts, the relevant knowledge is usually conceived as inferential. From observations of “the things that have been made”, we may reason our way to the existence of a creator. The dissertation presents an alternative construal of (...)
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  70. Objects and Objectivity : Alternatives to Mathematical Realism.Ebba Gullberg - 2011 - Dissertation, Umeå Universitet
    This dissertation is centered around a set of apparently conflicting intuitions that we may have about mathematics. On the one hand, we are inclined to believe that the theorems of mathematics are true. Since many of these theorems are existence assertions, it seems that if we accept them as true, we also commit ourselves to the existence of mathematical objects. On the other hand, mathematical objects are usually thought of as abstract objects that are non-spatiotemporal and causally inert. This makes (...)
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  71. Negotiated Positivism : The Disregarded Epistemology of Arne Furumark.Johannes Siapkas - 2018 - Journal of Archaeology and Ancient History 22:1-21.
    Archaeological theory during the twentieth century is often presented according to a tri-partite scheme. This article serves to put this model into question through the explication of the epistemology of the Swedish classical archaeologist Arne Furumark. He introduced a heuristic model for ceramic studies in 1941 that bears the hallmarks of logical positivism. This early appropriation of analytical philosophy in classical archaeology does not resonate with the above-mentioned model of archaeological theory. However, Furumark did not adopt the agenda of processual (...)
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