OAI Archive: eScholar @Salve Regina University

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "eScholar @Salve Regina University"

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  1. Cognitive Enhancement, the Super Soldier and Beyond: Expanding Discourse Over Emerging Disruptive Technology.Denise M. Crimmins - 2019 - Dissertation, Salve Regina University
    This dissertation contributes to the discourse about emerging disruptive technology. It examines techniques that may foster a meaningful and honest discussion, within the Department of Defense, about the development and diffusion of transformational technology. The dissertation presents recent discoveries in brain-computer interface technology and neurocognitive augmentation as a lens through which to view a new era in scientific research. As technology starts to manipulate the human mind and body, it is imperative that the research community be aware and take notice (...)
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  2. Moving Towards Jus Post Bellum: An Analysis of Three Contemparory Writers Through a Kantian Lens.Sara Kourtsounis - 2019 - Dissertation, Slave Regina University
    This dissertation focuses on an analysis of the works of James Turner Johnson, Jean Bethke Elsthain, and Eric Patterson through a Kantian lens to determine a set of normative guidelines for jus post bellum. The guidelines for jus post bellum were garnered from this analysis as well as other just war scholars including Brian Orend and Michael Walzer. Kant offers a deontological-based look at jus post bellum offering a guide to twenty-first century challenges facing the international community. The guidelines are (...)
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  3. Technohumanity: Films as a Lens for Examining How Humans and Technology Co-Shape the World.Chelsea Buffington - 2018 - Dissertation, Salve Regina University
    Utilizing a postphenomenological lens, in this study, I analyze Human Security Era, techno-futurist films as case studies to explore how humans and technology can and do co-shape a more harmonious world, resulting in TechnoHumanity. To build a techno-humane world, humans must find a way to spur technological innovation and advancement, embedding ethics in design to avoid a dystopian path to dehumanization. Films, and specifically the content or text of the films, provide case studies for a postphenomenological analysis to explore designed, (...)
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  4. Abiding the Postmodern World: An Ethical, Existential, and Cinematographic Examination of the Big Lebowski.Gary Vaspol - 2018 - Dissertation, Salve Regina University
    The Big Lebowski is arguably the most significant cult film in history, and as such, it has garnered a healthy amount of scholarship. Most scholars have addressed the film’s playful use of genre, idiosyncratic dialogue, and farcical nature in an effort to illuminate the particular auteur style of the Coens. Through Jameson’s use of parody, pastiche and nostalgia, Lyotard’s use of metanarratives, and by Baudrillard’s use of hyperreality, this dissertation examines how The Big Lewbowski is postmodern in form, but functions (...)
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  5. Using Ethics and Technology in Addressing Police Officer Behavior.Marcel F. Beausoleil - 2007 - Dissertation, Salve Regina University
    This dissertation examines how ethics, law, and technology are used to control the behavior of people and in particular how technologies such as video cameras are used to control police officers. In addition, the teaching of ethics to police officers is studied. The use of technologies as control devices will be compared and contrasted with the teaching of ethics to police officers. The thesis of this study is that in current society there is a greater reliance on technology to control (...)
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  6. Ambivalence Toward Technology in the Poetry of Robert Pinsky.Garrett Dell - unknown
    Rapid technological change affects humans in any era or culture, but increasingly in contemporary society. The subject of technology in Robert Pinsky’s poetry is clearly a topic for extended study. In his role as intermediary between the technological and literary cultures, Pinsky displays in his poems an ambivalence that reflects larger social attitudes toward, and philosophies of, technology. I intend to examine Pinsky’s role as contemporary poet by analyzing how his poems illuminate the current human condition, now inextricably linked to (...)
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  7. The Connected Pilgrim: The Potential for Transformation in the Social Media Age.Michael G. Xiarhos - unknown
    The work highlights the origins of pilgrimage, with particular focus on the Camino de Santiago in Northern Spain. It also ties to other major pilgrimage locations and the commonality between faiths regarding the act of pilgrimage itself. The core focuses is the potential for an authentic-transformative experience through the act of pilgrimage while engaging in the profane activity of social media. The paper takes the position that while online faith practice and even digital or virtual pilgrimage offer deeply spiritual and (...)
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  8. Centralization and its Discontents: Exploring the Relationship Between Measures of Moral Development, Happiness and Technology Driven, Centralized Ways of Being.Svendsen Kirsti - unknown
    This interdisciplinary, qualitative dissertation offers an exploration into possible intimate relationships between recently expanding, technology driven forms of centralization of our social institutions and a supposed decline in moral development and happiness among Americans today. According to Jacques Ellul, technology in itself is not the problem. Instead, he believes the tragedy is that the new idea or spirit of technique, technical efficiency and economic progress, which may have started with the Industrial revolution, and has become the western world s new (...)
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  9. Personhood, the Soul and Non-Conscious Human Beings: Some Critical Reflections on Recent Forms of Argumentation Within the Pro-Life Movement.Peter J. Colosi - unknown
    This paper has grown out of concerns that I have about the way in which some pro-life arguments have been developing recently, and it is written in a spirit of frank dialogue with those whom I consider allies. I present three basic problems within some prominent contemporary pro-life argumentation, all three of which are rooted in a general tendency towards relying on empirical science in an increasingly exclusive way as the foundation of those arguments. The three problems that I touch (...)
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  10. The Uniqueness of Persons in the Life and Thought of Karol Wojtyła/Pope John Paul II, with Emphasis on His Indebtedness to Max Scheler.Peter J. Colosi - unknown
    The uniqueness of persons is explored philosophically in the writings of Max Scheler and Pope John Paul II.
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  11. Bringing Back the Magic: Reimagining the Role of Temperament in Philosophical Theory, a New Model of the Self as Entwined, Embodied and Enchanted.Fred Abong - unknown
    This dissertation examines the question of the ‘true’ or ‘essential’ self. It suggests two sets of interrelated propositions. The first set includes these following claims: 1) that all philosophical or scientific theories of the self are fundamentally driven by the personality type or temperament of the theorizer; 2) that the entire philosophical tradition has been dominated by two personality types or temperaments, what William James has called the ‘tender-minded and the ‘tough-minded’ temperaments; 3) that the question of the self, philosophically (...)
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  12. Environmental Ethics and the Electric Power Grid: A Case for Technological Momentum.Paul A. Povlock - unknown
    This qualitative analysis examines the effects of a growing environmental ethic on the electric power grid in southeastern New England from the late nineteenth century to the start of the new millennia. The increased awareness of the environment evolved into a new belief system of the population and altered the methods of construction, operation and maintenance of the advanced technology system of the electric power grid. The manner in which this occurred suggests that technological momentum is a better concept than (...)
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  13. Classical-Christian Friendship Operating in Western Literature: Oral Traditions to the Apex of Print Culture.Marc G. LeVasseur - unknown
    The classical-Christian model of friendship has operated for many centuries from oral traditions and through the age of print. However, technological developments in communication and media rearrange mindscapes. Consequently, values, or, those things that give meaning, can change, such as perceptions of friendship. If one accepts that communication is vital to human relationships, the paradigm for the classical-Christian friendship should operate according to the new vocabulary of expanding communication and media possibilities. This work examines literature and philosophical thought within their (...)
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  14. Romano Guardini on Technology, Existence and the Human Person: An Introductory Exposition and Appraisal.James A. Lamberti - 2015 - Dissertation, Salve Regina University
    This interdisciplinary study strives to provide a philosophically critical, historical investigation and qualitative exposition regarding the observations and thought of Romano Guardini in order to suggest an answer to the question of `what it means to be human in an age of technology'. Guardini's concerns and observations are presented as valid and pertinent to the current age. As such, this study investigates the manner in which the continued development and use of technology tend to affect the nature of man and (...)
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  15. Contagion of Kindness: Observability, Recognition and Shared Experience as Motivation for Online Prosocial Behavior.Kelly M. Alverson - unknown
    This dissertation employs a theoretical approach to examine the online milieu as an enabling space that allows individuals to act prosocially by providing opportunities for: observability of prosocial participation; receipt of explicit recognition toward the development of implicit recognition; and shared experience with the other, toward an end of increased empathic concern. The parable of the Good Samaritan, illustrates the capacity that the individual possesses to help a stranger in need. With the parable as backdrop, individual motivations for participation in (...)
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  16. John-Paul II and Christian Personalism VS Peter Singer and Utilitarianism: Two Radically Opposed Conceptions of the Nature and Meaning of Suffering.Peter Colosi - 2008 - Ethics Education 14 (2).
    Although Christian ethics and contemporary utilitarianism both employ terms such as love and compassion, they are in fact polar opposite ethical views. This fact is not at all easy to discern. One key to perceiving the radical opposition between them lies in clarifying their respective concepts of suffering. In the Christian view, suffering is always understood as the suffering of individual persons, while in utilitarianism suffering is primarily understood as a quantifiable entity detached from the individuals who experience it. The (...)
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  17. The Nice Paper as a MacIntyrean Community of Virtuous Practice: A Wunderkammer of Resistance to Late-Capitalist Modernity in Rhode Island, 1989-1995.Suzanne Baldaia - unknown
    This dissertation is an epistemological study of virtue and its place in addressing the transdisciplinary question "What is a good life?" Alasdair MacIntyre's three-pronged account of virtue is applied to a case study of the Nice Paper, an alternative newspaper published in Rhode Island from 1989 until 1995, in order to discern the workings of virtue as resistance to late-capitalist modernity. It was discerned through hermeneutic phenomenology that the practices, traditions and narrative unity of the community of the paper were (...)
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  18. Morality and Nonviolent Protest: The Birmingham Campaign.Lindsey A. Mahn - unknown
    Birmingham, Alabama was a racially segregated city up until 1963 when members of Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) began a movement to stop discrimination against the African American population. Though the movement itself was conducted in a peaceful nonviolent manner, opposition from the white civic authorities was often cruel and bloody. Images of protesters both young and old were projected across the news and made the American people think deeply about the problems within their country. Eventually, the protests paid off (...)
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  19. Ethics Across the Curriculum, or, On Being Bilingual.Lois Eveleth - unknown
    Both philosophical ethical systems and religious ethics are eminently desirable in higher education today. And, like two languages, and despite the differences, they can and should complement each other. In an increasingly secular milieu, our graduates will have to be "bilingual.".
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  20. Thomas Merton and Jacques Ellul on Technology and Freedom.Jeffrey M. Shaw - unknown
    This qualitative analysis examines the thinking of Thomas Merton and Jacques Ellul on the impact that they believe technology and the idea of progress has had on human freedom. The thesis is that for both Merton and Ellul, modern technology itself and an uncritical acceptance of the idea of technological progress potentially inhibits the contemplative life and serves to deprive humanity of the God-given gift of freedom. Examining Merton and Ellul through theological, sociological, and political lenses allows a point-by-point comparison (...)
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  21. Introduction: Becoming an Atheist.Lois Eveleth - unknown
    One of America's great intellectuals, Ralph Waldo Emerson created Transcendentalism, the underpinning of the Romantic movement and America's 19th century Renaissance. Not so well known is his anguished departure from the Christianity of his youth. This book corrects this oversight by showing connections between the faith of his youth and the central themes of Transcendentalism. This is a book not only about Emerson's intellectual and spiritual journey but about the essence of New England Transcendentalism.
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  22. Quantum Irony and Classical Common Sense: Encouraging Rortian Solidarity and the Postmetaphysical Culture Through Decoherence and the Copenhagen Interpretation.Fred Abong - unknown
    This thesis explores the manner in which the vocabularies of quantum and classical physics can be redescribed in the vocabulary of Richard Rorty’s ironist and common sense dyad, and vice-versa. Of primary concern in this exploration is an examination of the ways in which such a redescription might encourage the realization of Rorty’s postmetaphysical culture and its attendant model of human solidarity. It is suggested that the concept of decoherence in the quantum mechanical tradition will prove especially useful to the (...)
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  23. .John T. Fielding - unknown
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the problematic impact of technology on American health care. Although the pharmaceutical industry's use of technology has produced beneficial results, at times the industry seems to overlook the unintended consequences involved. This study also examines the pharmaceutical industry's attempts to influence the physician's prescribing decisions as well as the patient's desire to get well as soon as possible. It analyzes the FDA's role in approving drugs, in monitoring the post-approval process, and in (...)
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  24. .Terry Murphy - unknown
    This dissertation examines the following question: Was the intercountry adoption of Romanian children by Americans during the period of 1990–2003 ethically justified? Stated formally, its thesis is: Utilizing developed ethical theories, specifically deontological ethics, an ethic of care, and utilitarianism, this dissertation assesses qualitatively intercountry adoption from Romania to the United States. ^ The assessment begins by examining the internationally approved documents relating to intercountry adoption. These reports help produce a quasi-global consensus for the three main “value views” of intercountry (...)
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  25. Attitudes of Rhode Island Primary Care Physicians Toward the Use of Genetic Testing for Breast Cancer.Frances M. Alexakos - unknown
    Physicians currently consider genetic testing for breast cancer, especially the BRCA1 and BRCA2 tests, as problematic, because their predictive value, efficacy, and benefit to patients benefit vary greatly. Individual physicians are pressured by mounting patients demanding access to genetic testing. On the one hand, many patients believe that they have the right to know their future medical condition and that their physician is obligated to respond to this right. On the other hand, a number of physicians hesitate to offer genetic (...)
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  26. Dangerous Medicine: The Pharmaceutical Industry's Questionable Ethical Practices.John T. Fielding - unknown
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the problematic impact of technology on American health care. Although the pharmaceutical industry's use of technology has produced beneficial results, at times the industry seems to overlook the unintended consequences involved. This study also examines the pharmaceutical industry's attempts to influence the physician's prescribing decisions as well as the patient's desire to get well as soon as possible. It analyzes the FDA's role in approving drugs, in monitoring the post-approval process, and in (...)
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  27. Ethics in Science Fiction: Butler, Wells, and Stapledon.Darrell Allan Jenks - unknown
    Science fiction is a literary response to the social challenges arising from the Industrial Revolution and the subsequent changes of the contemporary technological age. The science-fiction response involves a mythmaking function, which is at once a search for stability and social cohesion, as well as a critical response to failed efforts to achieve those goals. The approach of this paper accounts for the dual nature of science fiction, as exemplified by the dialectic between utopian and dystopian literature: between authors who (...)
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  28. Managing Complexity: An Integration of Ethics, Management, and Technology Viewed Through the Dow Corning Silicone Implant Case.Patricia Jane Tod - unknown
    This dissertation is a contextual examination of an ethical organizational dilemma complicated by elaborate and interrelated systems or soft technologies. Dow Corning's silicone breast implant case is analyzed by example, to show the usefulness of a more varied, flexible, and multi-faceted approach to ethics and management in the midst of a rapidly expanding technological society. This case represents an ongoing managerial crisis that demonstrates why integrated ethical analysis is not a theoretical or historical practice but one of vital and critical (...)
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  29. Technology, Progress, and the Human Condition in the Life and Thought of C. S. Lewis.Timothy James Demy - unknown
    This dissertation examines C. S. Lewis's interpretation of technology, progress, and the human condition through an analysis of his life and writings. The thesis of this study is that Lewis understood technology to be an instrument of power that was increasingly used as a tool of manipulation and control in the twentieth century. Lewis's worldview was shaped by experiential, philosophical, literary, and theological sources and each one had a direct influence on his view of technology. Lewis believed that the propensity (...)
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  30. Perceptions of Jacques Ellul's Educational Technique in a Modern Career-Focused M.B.A. Program.Gary Grant Gray - unknown
    Technology, while bestowing benefits upon society, has presented new challenges and risks, and the philosopher Jacques Ellul has reflected upon the problem of technology within society in his works The Technological Society and The Technological Bluff, among others. It is his ideas on ethics, technique, and technology that will be discussed here. ^ This dissertation will examine Ellul's concept of technique within graduate career education, and will measure stakeholder perceptions of a career-focused M.B.A. program. Key to this examination is the (...)
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  31. An Ethical Assessment of Intercountry *Adoption: Romania to the United States, 1990–2003.Terry Murphy - unknown
    This dissertation examines the following question: Was the intercountry adoption of Romanian children by Americans during the period of 1990–2003 ethically justified? Stated formally, its thesis is: Utilizing developed ethical theories, specifically deontological ethics, an ethic of care, and utilitarianism, this dissertation assesses qualitatively intercountry adoption from Romania to the United States. The assessment begins by examining the internationally approved documents relating to intercountry adoption. These reports help produce a quasi-global consensus for the three main “value views” of intercountry adoption. (...)
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  32. Reflections in a Robot's Eye: A Cultural History and Epistemological Critque of Humanoid Robotics.Rand D. LeBouvier - unknown
    We appear to be at a critical juncture where the impetus to procure autonomous systems to address urgent needs may push us past our reservations about robots and into embracing a rapidly evolving technology with far-reaching implications. The pursuit of humanoid robots is a fact—it is an ongoing, highly attractive field that cannot be ignored solely on the grounds that the ultimate aim might never be achieved. The issue of realization of a humanoid robot is only tangential to what the (...)
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  33. Are There Reasons To Be Moral?Lois M. Eveleth - unknown
    This question has developed, post Hobbes, in two directions. In one understanding, morality is reasonable, either because it coincides with self-interest or because it contributes to self-interest. An alternative approach rejects the primacy of reason and looks instead to human intuition, human affections or the will for an account of being moral.
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  34. Jefferson's Wall and the Question of Religion.Lois M. Eveleth - unknown
    Defining religion as morality, Thomas Jefferson considered religion essential for the unity of the United States. His casual wall metaphor is not representative of his thinking and, therefore, should not be a basis for constitutional interpretation.
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  35. Philosophy, Law, and Morality.Lois M. Eveleth - unknown
    Law and morality now stand as two poles of an American dilemma. We are requiring of law far more than it can deliver, while morality is constitutionally unworkable. However, a third option, viz. philosophical/secular ethics, can provide a viable conceptual-linguistic framework for understanding and achieving the seemingly-elusive unity of national vision.
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  36. Moral Coherence in the Modern World: An Interdisciplinary View.Anthony L. Klemmer - unknown
    What is the influence of the increasing complexity and fragmentation of modern society on the moral coherence of the human person as an individual and as a community member? Researchers have tackled the question of modern moral coherence from a variety of disciplinary vantage points, with appropriate intra-disciplinary focus and depth. Rarely have researchers attempted to apply a more comprehensive, interdisciplinary approach to the researchable questions of the present study. This dissertation analyzes the impact of complex modern society on moral (...)
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  37. Emerson's Transparent Eyeball.Lois M. Eveleth - unknown
    In his early essay "Nature" Emerson lays the foundation of the Transcendentalist or Romantic movement in America. Key is his "transparent eyeball" passage, where "eye" refers to the human role in Nature, i.e. creatively perceiving or knowing Nature. Man is Nature knowing itself.
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  38. Emerson, Virtue, and Evil: Thoughts for a Rescue Operation.Lois M. Eveleth - unknown
    Interpretations of Emerson's theme of self-reliance which generate charges that he understood neither evil nor virtue are inappropriate. A fairer reading should keep in mind the Neo-Platonism of Plotinus, which gave to Transcendentalism a dynamic emanation/return schema and to mankind a place of privilege in knowing and valuing Nature.
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  39. Collingwood, History,and Evidence.Lois M. Eveleth - unknown
    Working from a unique background in both archaeology and philosophy, R.G. Collingwood undertook to revise historiography by redefining the concept of evidence. Historians through the modern period, in their willingness to emulate the natural sciences, had absorbed a brand of empiricism which was not only compromising historical thinking but also frustrating the service which history, ideally, should provide for enlightening human experience. What comes of his project is a concept of evidence which may be described as a priori.
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  40. Barbara Herrnstein Smith: Scandalous Knowledge: Science, Truth, and the Human.Paula Zeuge - unknown
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  41. Locke and the Problem of Toleration.Lois M. Eveleth - unknown
    More than ever before, being able to draw a distinction between the tolerable and the intolerable is necessary. Unfortunately the traditional understanding, as identified with the Enlightenment view first articulated by John Locke, presents merely formalistic criteria. Lacking substantive criteria, our contemporary understanding of toleration is inadequate to our needs.
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  42. Legal, Moral and Biological Implications of Poaching and Illegal Animal Trafficking on an International Scale.Meghan A. Pastor - unknown
    Poaching and animal trafficking is a global issue in the areas of biology, morality and politics. This paper will discuss the different areas of impact as well as consider options for the prevention and alleviation of this issue.
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