OAI Archive: eScholarship@McGill

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "eScholarship@McGill"

This set has the following status: partial.
  1. Location, Location, Location: On the Metaphysical Commitments of the Extended Mind Thesis.Vold Karina - unknown
    While the standard view in the brain sciences is that the human mind is a product of operations in the brain, the extended mind thesis, a popular emerging view in the philosophy of cognitive science, challenges this, instead claiming that objects located in an agent's environment, beyond the brain and body, can serve as partially constitutive of the agent's mental states. Thus, the extended mind thesis advocates a non-traditional understanding of the human mind and cognition. There is a common presumption (...)
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  2. Self-Awareness and Self-Deception.Jordan Maiya - unknown
    This thesis examines the relation between self-deception and self-consciousness. It has been argued that, if we follow the literalist and take self-deception at face value – as a deception that is intended by, and imposed on, one and the same self-conscious subject – then self-deception is impossible. It will incur the Dynamic Problem that, being aware of my intention to self-deceive, I shall see through my projected self-deceit from the outset, thereby precluding its possibility. And it will incur the following (...)
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  3. Ethnicity Versus Elite Interest and Behaviour as Sources of Conflict and Instability in the Nigerian Political System.Nwakwesi Maduka Lawrence - unknown
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  4. Transcendent Freedom as the Basis of Kant's Philosophy of History : A Criticism of Emil Fackenheim's and George Armstrong Kelly's Interpretation of Kant.Sharkey Robert John - unknown
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  5. Attempting Art: An Essay on Intention-Dependence.Xhignesse Michel-Antoine - unknown
    Attempting art: an essay on intention-dependenceIt is a truism among philosophers that art is intention-dependent—that is to say, art-making is an activity that depends in some way on the maker's intentions. Not much thought has been given to just what this entails, however. For instance, most philosophers of art assume that intention-dependence entails concept-dependence—i.e. possessing a concept of art is necessary for art-making, so that what prospective artists must intend is to make art. And yet, a mounting body of anthropological (...)
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  6. The Relation of Ethics and Religion in Kierkegaard’s Thought.Stewart Mary - unknown
    In the story of his life published posthumously as “a report to history” under the title of “The Point of View for My Work as An Author” Kierkegaard sums up his own position as a thinker. “I was conscious” he says, “of being a religious author and as such was concerned with ‘the individual’, a thought in which is contained an entire philosophy of life and of the world.” Reality, he believes, must be sought for and can only be found (...)
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  7. The Functions of Government and the Nature of Laws.P. Humphrey John - unknown
    This book, when originally conceived, was part of a much larger plan. I began some time ago to analyse the functions of government in the international society. I wanted to demonstrate that the problem of government in that society is the same as it is within States. In the international as in the national sphere, the effective performance of any one of the functions of government depends upon the effective performance of each of the other functions. There can be no (...)
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  8. Objectivity and its Relation to Physical Science.I. I. Polonoff - unknown
    On all sides, one hears appeals to objectivity and exhortations to be objective. These admonitions are usually made by scientifically-minded people. Laudable as these appeals may be, they are sometimes so framed as to give the impression that objectivity is a quality or property of events that is immediately recognizable. It is thus, a finality, an ultimate for knowledge, which, when recognized, is taken as given. Ulterior questions, as to what constitutes the objective character of fact, are considered spurious meanderings (...)
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  9. Clinical Trials in the Age of Personalized Medicine.Cambrosio Alberto & Keating Peter - unknown
    The paper reviews some of the transformations of cancer clinical trial protocols made necessary by the emergence of molecularly targeted agents. These changes include the creation of a new phase of clinical trials and the alteration of the parameters governing the other three phases. The situation remains unstable: repeated attempts to speed up the development of new drugs have not yet led to a consensus on how to best do so. The new targeted agents raise issues that go beyond the (...)
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  10. A Comparison of the Theories of the Educative Process of Plato, Aristotle, Dewey and Whitehead.M. Macfarlane Joan - unknown
    The problem which is the subject of this study originated in part from a teaching device employed by one of the professors of the Education Department. It was his custom as he spoke of national systems of education, etc. in each case to represent diagramatically on the blackboard, the learner, his relation as a scholar to the life outside the school walls, and the avenues or sources of his learning. By virtually a process of induction, these components came to be (...)
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  11. Epiphenomenalism, a Conflict of Science and Philosophy.Lachs John - unknown
    For a long time now, I have been thinking about the problem of body and mind and about the strangely wonderful phenomenon of consciousness. The concept of consciousness has always been a relatively neglected topic. As for questions about body and mind, one's first reaction is inevitably the impatient exclamation "But there is no problem there at all." [...].
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  12. Mathematics and Matter in Motion : A Study of Galileo’s New Science of Motion.Marler George Eric - unknown
    Galileo was first a student of medicine and philosophy at the University of Pisa. After two years of study, at the age of nineteen, he met a certain Ostillio Ricci, professer or mathematics. From that time onwards, "leaving everything else aside, he abandoned himself to the study of mathematics". [...].
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  13. The Doubt of Material Realism.Nemiroff Stanley - unknown
    In this paper I shall discuss the theory of what may be called material realism. The term "material" is borrowed fran Kant. He defined "material idealism" as "the theory which declares the existence of objects in space outside us either to be merely doubtful and indemonstrable or to be false and impossible." [...].
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  14. Bertrand Russell’s Philosophy of Politics.Hartt Joel - unknown
    The aim of the present study is to demonstrate the nature of the relation of Russell's political philosophy to the other areas of his work, both popular and professional. The nature of the relation can be demonstrated, however, only if two premises are accepted: that Russell has a political philosophy, and that his political theory is related to the other branches of his philosophy. [...].
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  15. Are the Current World Anti-Doping Agency Guidelines Morally Justifiable? An Overview of Ethical Considerations and Possible Alternatives.Caron Roxanne - unknown
    The World Anti-Doping Agency was created in 1999 with the goal of making elite competitive sports free of doping practices. Since then, it has grown into a powerful organization that oversees national anti-doping institutions and a majority of international sports federations. Anti-doping regulations means that the use of performance enhancement drugs or methods is prohibited in elite sports competition, and athletes who do not comply are sanctioned through a ban from competition and loss of titles and prizes link to them. (...)
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  16. Grounding Care Practices in Theory: Exploring the Potential for the Ethics of Care to Provide Theoretical Justification for Patient-Centered Care.Clarke Stephen - unknown
    Patient-centered care is now recognized as a clinical method and ideal model for patient – health professional relationships, and many definitions have influenced its evolution. Overall the patient-centered care literature has provided relatively little to define patient-centered care at the level of the patient-professional relationship. Additionally, patient-centered care lacks grounding in ethical theory. This thesis asserts that theoretical concepts from the ethics of care can provide a stronger conceptual basis for patient-centered care.This thesis begins with a critical interpretive review of (...)
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  17. The Genial Education of Genius in German Idealism and Early Romanticism.Steven Sych - unknown
    Historically, Early German Romanticism has been viewed as a reaction against the science-oriented and rationalistic Enlightenment philosophies that preceded it; exemplary of such readings is that of G. W. F. Hegel, who accuses the Romantics of irrationalism and a retreat from community. The purpose of the following thesis is to refute Hegel's criticism and argue that Romantic philosophy presents us with a truth-oriented discourse. Although others have defended the Romantics against Hegel, the reading presented here is unique insofar as it (...)
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  18. A Brief Exposition of the Sankhya and Vendanta Systems of Indian Philosophy.Edward C. Woodley - unknown
    When the Aryans entered India through the passes of the North-West, they were a simple, nature-loving people. The Vedic songs still charm us with their vernal freshness. They are the natural expression of a strong, buoyant race, living under simple social conditions and not, as yet, oppressed by a priestly hierarchy. [...].
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  19. The Value of Prof. Bergson's Intuitive Method.Percival S. Powles - unknown
    For centuries ph11osoph~rs and mankind in general have been busying themselves with the Question ef questions, "Justin how far does our knowledge give us a glimpse ef reality?" or "can we know reality at all?" [...].
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  20. Metaphysical Proofs for the Existence of God.David B. Rogers - unknown
    The existence and nature of God have been the subject matter for the thought of men in most ages. For the demonstration and the explanation of these, Theological and Philosophical writers have put forward many and varying arguments, but with a large proportion of these writings the present paper will not be concerned. [...].
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  21. The Abolition of Capital Punishment According to the Hegelian Philosophy.Jerome Internoscia - unknown
    It is well known how the Hegelian doctrine supports Capital Punishment. The founder of the doctrine as well as his disciples upheld Capital Punishment as rational; moreover, it is almost a universal opinion that the punishment of death is in accordance with the Hegelian doctrine from which it would logically descend. [...].
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  22. Law in Language.James Roy - unknown
    "Laws," as defined by Montesquieu, "are, in the widest signification, the necessary relations that have their origin in thenature of things." "Law, in the domain of science" says Littre,"signifies the necessary conditions which determine phenomena, the constant and invariable relation between phenomena, or between the different phases of a single phenomenon." [...].
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  23. Some Recent Ethical Tendencies.George J. McCormack - unknown
    The purpose of this Thesis is to give a brief outline of the different contributions made by Philosophical,Evolutionary, Sociological and Reforming Ethics, towards furnishing the first principles of a philosophy of Ethics on which to base an Ideal. [...].
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  24. Plato's Republic From the Standpoint of Philosophy and Education.Herbert B. Maclean - unknown
    As ons of the great world-hooks, the Republic of Plato has throughout many ages of different activities, and interests, among scholars of widely diverse casts of mind, at all times claimed careful perusal and profound study. It represents the full bloom of the Greek genius for philosophy. To the Greeks, the possibility of a mortal acquiring a connected view of things which might explain all existence, presented a problem of intense interest, and it must be admitted that, as a people, (...)
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  25. The Ideal of Courage in Plato.Margaret G. Melvin - unknown
    In a large part of his work Plato undoubtedly shows a very great contempt for conventional or common morality. He also elevates the virtue of the philosopher to the highest possible plane. On the other hand, it is undeniable that he recognizes in a very pronounced and definite fashion the value of certain non-intellectual virtues; and in the Republic, as well as in several of the earlier dialogues, there is an acknowledgement of the possibility of good conduct without the possession (...)
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  26. The Ethics of Achievement.Warwick Freeman Kelloway - unknown
    Ethics has been described as the science of morality and conduct. [...] Ethics then must deal with the inner process and the outward behaviour as to whether both is right or wrong, good or bad....a question of Ethics is to decide which is the highest category, the "content" or the "attitude", and which is primary character or conduct. But this much seems apparent that no act is moral which does not combine both. [...] That faith in a moral ideal is (...)
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  27. The Significance of a Law of Nature in Modern Science.Howard P. Honey - 1915
    The aim of this essay has been to present, in its most general and salient features, the origin and development of the proposed theme. In many cases authorities have been let speak for themselves; and although in quoting, the actual wording has often been modified for the sake of simplicity, clearness and continuity, the references have been given, so that the reader can easily refer to the originals. The writer has no wish to claim undue originality in the treatment of (...)
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  28. Some Ethical Aspects of Modern Charity Problems.Edward A. Corbett - unknown
    According to C. S. Lock'ss definition - "Charity or love represents the principle of the good life, it stands for a mood or habit of mind and an endeavor". A closer definition, he says, would be "Good-will in the broadest sends towards the community and its members. Thus, in the word charity religious and social associations meet, and thus regarded the word means a disciplined and habitual mood in which the mind is considerate of the welfare of others individually and (...)
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  29. The Three Phases of Nietzsche’s Philosophy.Solomon Wiseman - unknown
    There are few men in the history of modern thought who have been so much known and yet so little understood as Frederick Nietzche. He has been quoted, by both friends and enemies, in many countries, on both sides of the Atlantic. Much has been put into his words, by both ardent friends and bitter opponents that Nietzche never meant. In fact, something very extraordinary happened in his case: his most devoted disciples have, in their zeal for the propagation of (...)
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  30. What is the Metaphysic of Ethics?George Wilkinson - unknown
    The purpose of this thesis is to make a study of the underlying principles of Moral Conduct in their relation to Reality. In all ethical attempts of the past, there was one particular at least in which they were correct, namely, that man is essentially a creature of desire, ever craving for sane ideal object. Green presents this same truth very vividly and convincingly in his theory of "seif-objectification," H ; and in his doctrine of the nature of consciousness, he (...)
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  31. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion.John W. Claxton - unknown
    It is well known to the student of philosophy and religion that the literature on these subjects is already very large and worthy. Despite this fact each year brings forth more contributions to these studies. The reason, we believe, is clear and weighty, for the final word has not yet been said about either of these problems. We live in an age that is investigating in a remoter past than was revealed to the students of the last generation. More intensive (...)
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  32. The Concept of Mind in Recent Thought.Thomas Greenshields Henderson - unknown
    The history of philosophy belng a progressive synthesis of interpenetrating doctrines, all divisions into periods are of a large arbitrary character. If recent philosphers are taken to be all those from the English Idealistic school onwards, this arbitrariness can be supported by many obvious considerations which sill appear throughout the following pages. The new systems which were presented during that time, are best regarded as attempts to modify neo-Kantianism by viewing mind in a more concrete and specific manner. The positions (...)
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  33. Heidegger and the Future of Thinking: An Investigation Into the Meaning of the Historical Epoch of Post-Modernity.David Weinkauf - unknown
    This thesis investigates the meaning of the historical epoch of post-modernity by way of Martin Heidegger's claim about the end of philosophy. While Heidegger himself never uses the term "post-modernity" in his writings, his thinking can nonetheless be interpreted as providing important insights towards developing an essential understanding of post-modernity. Uncovering these insights and developing such an understanding form the purpose and goal of the present thesis. The thesis sets out from the peculiar lack of understanding surrounding the term "post-modernity." (...)
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  34. The Philosophy and Poetry of Robert Browning : With Special Reference to His Philosophy of Immortality, its Sources and Some Conclusions.Robert de Wolfe MacKay - unknown
    I should 1ike to make it clear, at the very outset of this thesis, that my essay is, in no way, an attempt to prove any final formula for the interpretation of Browning'sphilosophy. An essay of this type cannot hope to uphold any definite theory. It can only try to offer a few suggestions reached by a crttical study of the poet, himself, and his contribution to the literature of his time. At once a great thinker, a man of great (...)
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  35. The Relation Between Religion and Ethics.Donald N. MacMillan - unknown
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  36. The Doctrine of the Will as Consent.Henry Martyn Estall - unknown
    A word of explanation may be appropriate regarding the title chosen for this thesis. Its selection was made prior to the investigations which are embodied in the text, and was taken chiefly because it expressed a point of view regarding human motivation which seemed to hold possibilities of fruitful exploration. Much has been written about the will, in theology and moral philosophy, so that it seemed idle to add more words on a subject about which past controversy has chiefly succeeded (...)
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  37. Rationality has its Reasons, of Which Reason Knows Not: A Vindication of the Normativity of Rationality.Bruno Guindon - unknown
    There is a growing consensus, long maintained by Derek Parfit, that there is an important distinction between what we have reason to do on the one hand, and what it is rational for us to do on the other. Philosophers are now realising that there is a conceptual distinction between rationality and normativity. Given this distinction, it thus becomes a substantive question whether rationality is genuinely normative; that is, whether there is any reason to do what rationality requires. While some (...)
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  38. A Critique of Materialism in Social and Political Ethics : A Study in the Conceptual Foundations of Marxism.Charles Lipton - unknown
    At every stage in the development of ethica1 thought, the following question has arisen: what is the role of the primary needs of man--his physical maintenance, the survival of the race-in the determination of his conduct? Almost every ethical philosopher has agreed that this role is a vital one. The father of ethical idealism, Plato, pointed out that society arises from the wants of men, wants that can be satisfied only in human intercourse, since no person is self-sufficient. In our (...)
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  39. The Concept of Moral Freedom : With Particular Reference to Nicolai Hartmann.Dimitrios George Panos - unknown
    Remarkably enough, there was no such thing as a problem of moral freedom for the ancients. More remarkably still, perhaps, there was no such thing for them as the concept of will, such as we know it today# Even though some explanation can be given of the reasons which prevented the problem from arising for the thinkers of antiquity, it nevertheless remains a most remarkable fact that it did not. Upon closer examination, this fact proves itself important as it is (...)
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  40. History Teaching in an Intercultural Context: Implications for Citizenship.Sarah DesRoches - unknown
    Québec’s model of cultural diversity, Interculturalism, has been the object of considerable debate since Bouchard and Taylor released in 2008 their now famous report, Building the Future: A Time for Reconciliation. Among other things, the authors recommended that schools take more seriously Québec’s Intercultural model as a means of bringing diverse cultures into a single society. In this dissertation I consider the uptake and implication of Intercultural ideals in Québec’s History and Citizenship education course. This study involved three secondary school (...)
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  41. Civic Education in the Post-9/11 Security State: Liberal Values, Patriotism, and the Case of Omar Khadr.Charlotte Sachs - unknown
    This thesis concerns itself with civic education, specifically, the creation and education of citizens in a liberal democratic society, in the modern context of the"post-9/11 security state". This thesis explores some of the issues that threaten the proper democratic education of young people, using the example of Omar Khadr as a case study and point of reference. This thesis argues that the security state provides a dual pedagogical function, acting in the broad public sphere and also in the classroom, and (...)
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  42. A Discussion of Benedetto Croce’s Philosophy of History.Eva Kushner - unknown
    It would be unfaithful to Croce's own principles to attribute to the historical genesis of his philosophy excessive importance. But though one must recognize that it is not a mere product of circumstances, it is necessary to grasp the nature of the background against which it arose. Only then will its polemical character become apparent, and only then will it assume the place due to it in the chain of philosophical progress. We must not attempt to consider his philosophy of (...)
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  43. Educating for Autonomy: A Case for the Broader Acceptance of Homeschooling Within Liberal Democratic Societies.Amanda Jager - unknown
    This thesis challenges the liberal skepticism towards homeschooling as a legitimate form of education provision. Drawing on the work of Shelley Burtt and critiquing that of Meira Levinson, I argue that an exposure to diverse life choices in not a necessary precondition for autonomy and that "comprehensive" educations such as homeschooling can be autonomy-fostering environments. I examine Amy Gutmann's theory of democratic education as a method for safeguarding individual liberty while ensuring conscious social reproduction and from it I argue that (...)
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  44. John Horne Tooke’s Philosophy of Language.Barbara June Albu - unknown
    John Horne Tooke's philosophy of language is worth examining because, although his work has been influential, and although there is much of intrinsic interest in what he wrote - particularly for many of the questions discussed by philosophers recently - still, he has seldom been mentioned in English philosophical circles during this century. [...].
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  45. The Development of Hegel’s Philosophy of Religion in His Early Writings.Gilbert Louis Shoham - unknown
    The program of this thesis is to trace the development of Hegel's thought in the writings of his youth as they evolved to and influenced the thinking of his maturity. These writings are of particular interest for they are characterized by a flexibility, a vitality, an historical, existential insight and concern which is relatively lacking in his later works. Furthermore, we can see in them the germs of his later thought. [...].
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  46. Pedagogical Reflection in Statistics Instruction.Lucy A. Cumyn - unknown
    Today, education is arguably one of the most important facets used to prepare and train students for the future. Society expects that students will acquire the requisite knowledge and competence in their respective fields to prepare them to successfully navigate the demands of today's competitive markets. This expectation has consequences on teachers at all levels of education across many domains. Teachers have a significant role: to prepare students for the future. Competent teachers spend a great deal of time reflecting on (...)
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  47. The Formalization of Implication in Propositional Logic.Patrick F. Schindler - unknown
    This thesis presents the results or an attempt to isolate and give an axiomatic basis for the pure-implication fragment or each or several logical systems. C. I. Lewis points out that exact logic may be taken as a canon or deductive inference, and that the chief business of a canon or deduction is to delineate correctly the properties of the relation of 'implication’. It seems clear, then, that criticism or any logical calculus must include consideration of just what properties are (...)
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  48. Motives and Explanation of Human Behaviour.Julian S. Melzack - unknown
    The purpose of this thesis is to examine the concept of motive and to make clear just how this concept relates to explaining human behaviour. First however, it will be advisable to make a few preliminary remarks. It will be admitted right from the start that there is something quite unusual about the form of words "Abe’s motive for killing Sam was that he wanted Sam's money". In fact we seldom use the word “motive" in everyday discourse. It is more (...)
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  49. Investigation Into Certain Implication-Negation Fragments of Propositional Logic.Lung-ock Chung - unknown
    In this paper, we study the completeness property of some implication-negation fragments of propositional logics. By the phrase implication-negation fragment of a propositional logic, we understand the system consisting of all the theses which have implication and/or negation as their sole connectives in the said logic. This means, that we have to find a means to isolate, so to speak, all these theses and then axiomatize the resultant system. Our method of proof is by constructing a Gentzen type Sequenzen Kalkul (...)
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  50. Inuit Cultural Maintenance in Contemporary Nunavik.Christopher Mount - unknown
    The objective of this study was to determine how education can bestbe used to assist with Inuit cultural maintenance in contemporary Nunavik.This research examined that which defines Nunavik Inuit culture and canprovide a framework from which an education program could be structuredwith the intent of the preservation of Inuit culture, values and traditions. Inthe wake of contemporary society, any cultural maintenance efforts mustbe actuated through a concerted effort on the part of all parties involved,including Inuit youth, parents, Elders and the (...)
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  51. Kant’s Philosophy of Politics and its Historical Relations.Ludwig P. Wagner - unknown
    The Purpose of this thesis is to present a comprehensive survey of Kant’s political theories, and to compare them with earlier thinkers to which they are related. The choice of this topic is due in the main to two considerations. First, the writer has observed with concern the social and political ills of our Western Civilization - the disintegrating family life, the individual's disillusion with democracy, his selfish, cynical disregard towards his fellow man, his attitude towards the state of getting (...)
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  52. Russell’s Philosophy of Matter.Feliksas Jucevicius - unknown
    Philosophy of matter is that department of philosophical knowledge which relates to the philosophy of physics. While the philosophy of physics is concerned with the objects and events of the physical world as a whole, the philosophy of matter deals only with that “physical substance” of which the physical world is supposed to be made. However, the borders between the philosophy of physics and the philosophy of matter are logical distinctions rather than real, and the philosophy of matter has a (...)
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  53. Original Alterity.Katherine Kline - unknown
    In this thesis I examine the notion of ethical subjectivity as characterized by an original relationship to alterity. Drawing upon Derrida, Levinas and psychoanalytic theory, I give a picture of a subject who is fundamentally responsive and inexorably bound to others, and I discuss the ethical and political implications of this condition. I extend the discussion of 'others' to include technology, suggesting that our ethical responsibility to alterity has been radicalized through deconstruction.
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  54. Exorcising Matovu's Ghost : Legal Positivism, Pluralism and Ideology in Uganda's Appellate Courts.Coel Thomas Kirby - unknown
    In 1966, the High Court of Uganda legitimised the new nation's first coup d'etat. After two decades of civil war, Ugandans enacted their first popular constitution in 1995. However, the judiciary's dominant positivist ideology, Matovu's ghost, still haunts the new legal order. The author sets out this ideology's presumptions and then critiques them against an alternative, pluralist map of laws in Uganda.
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  55. Limits of Thought and Husserl's Phenomenology.Brian Redekopp - 2011 - Dissertation, McGill University
    In this thesis I develop an account of the nature of limits of thought in terms of Husserl's phenomenology. I do this by exploring in terms of Husserl's phenomenology various ways thought-limits are encountered. Chapter One employs Husserl's analyses of meaning and intentionality to clarify the limits of conception and of questioning that emerge in wonder at the existence of the world. Chapter Two undertakes a critique of Husserl's refutation of psychologism in logic in order to clarify limits encountered in (...)
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  56. Liberal Educational Responses to Religious Diversity: Defending the Need for a Supplemental Dimension of Citizenship Education in Liberal Democratic Societies.Ryan Bevan - unknown
    This dissertation explores the relationship between liberal/secular and religious educations. I begin by tracing what I believe to be the source of tension between liberal/secular and religious educations to two highly influential liberal theories that have affected civic education in particular. I begin with an analysis of John Dewey's naturalistic approach to metaphysics and religion, arguing that Dewey's attitude to religious traditions, when used as a basis for civic education, is insufficient. Specifically, I argue that in Dewey's conception, religious doctrines, (...)
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  57. In Search of a Citizenship Education Model for a Democratic Multireligious Indonesia: Case Studies of Two Public Senior High Schools in Jakarta.Didin Syafruddin - unknown
    Concerned with interreligious conflict in Indonesia, this study seeks to describe and evaluate the current citizenship education that has been designed and implemented for a democratic multireligious Indonesia. The context for the study, outlined in Chapters 1 and 2, is contemporary Indonesian society. Three features of this society are highlighted as especially significant. First, it is characterized by a wide diversity of religious groups. Second, it is governed by the state which acknowledges religious diversity with an official stance of interreligious (...)
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  58. What Could I Learn From My Interactions as a Consultant to Principals That Would Help Me to Improve My Practice as a Principal?Jean Fillatre - unknown
    This dissertation describes my work as an educational consultant working with four school principals during a two and a half year period. My original intention was to develop a protocol to help principals in their work. As the study progressed, and I learned from them I began to look more deeply into my own actions and examined my own actions as an educator. I based my research on action research and living educational theory and I drew upon school improvement and (...)
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  59. Intellectual Property and Biotechnology: Theoretical Arguments and Empirical Evidence.Clarissa Allen - unknown
    DNA patents have been being granted since the 1970s. Patents are meant to act as incentives, encouraging innovation and dissemination in biotechnology by granting inventors exclusive economic control of their inventions for a set period of time. Governments in North America and Europe have therefore been using patents as a public policy tool to encourage the invention of health-related biotechnologies since the 1980s and 1990s, respectively. However despite this laudable policy goal, there have also in recent decades been a number (...)
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  60. A Comparison of Cassirer’s Theory of Language and Meaning with Logical Empiricism and Linguistic Analysis.Randal R. Marlin - 1961 - Dissertation, McGill
    Throughout the history of the philosophy of language, roughly two traditions can be discerned. There are, on the one hand, those who look upon language as something static, something established once and for all by convention. On the other band are those who view language as something of an organic, or functional nature. To the latter category belong those philosophers who believe that the true meaning of a word or sentence is never, and can never be, instantly apparent from the (...)
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  61. Henri Poincare's Theory of Conventionalism.Roger B. Angel - unknown
    Jules-Henri Poincare is universally acknowledged to have been one of the greatest scientific minds of the nineteenth century. The development of his genius from childhood precociousness was unusually smooth. By the end of his life he had been accorded virtually every international honour in the field of science.
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  62. Karl R. Popper and the Problem of Historical Prediction.Edward B. Solomon - unknown
    Karl R. Popper, Professor of Logic and Scientific Method in the University of London, is primarily a physicist and a philosopher of science. In this capacity, he is interested in: the criterion demarcating science from pseudo-science, the method of science, and especially the method of social sciences. He thinks the method employed there is the cause of the trouble, since it is based on a misunderstanding of the method used in the physical sciences.
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  63. The Notion of Truth in the Epistemology of C.I. Lewis.Anthony Keith - unknown
    The function of this thesis is to establish that a certain type of basic epistemological position, concentrating attention on the notion of truth involved, implies certain definite limitations on the further development of this type of position. The plan followed is to outline the argument in general terms in Chapter One, then, to bring home the point in a specific context, I describe the relevant position taken by C. I. Lewis, in the first two books of his "An Analysis of (...)
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  64. Hobbes on God and Obligation.Keith C. Brown - unknown
    An explanation of the system of textual references employed in this paper may perhaps be of convenience to the reader. As a rule, references to other works have here been incorporated in the main body of the text, with the aid of abbreviations usually derived from the initial letters of the main words in their titles. Thus "HLL, p. 21." refers to page twenty-one of Thomas Hobbes: Leben and Lehre, by F. Tonnies.
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  65. Space and Perception: A Critical Study of Berkeley's "New Theory of Vision".Michael J. R. L. Kinsman - unknown
    The topic of thesis was not selected at random. In the last two years or so I have become increasingly interested in that broad complex of problems traditionally grouped together under the name of the 'Mind - Body' problem, and have become increasingly convinced that the solution of this problem is one of the most exciting, and certainly one of the most difficult, problems confronting modern science.
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  66. C.I. Lewis' Theory of Meaning.Hans Kaal - unknown
    Lewis' theory of meaning is barely touched by the contemporary trend to substitute a patient examination of the use of words for theorizing in the traditional manner. By way of contrast, some of his epistemological and ethical writings look as if Lewis had fulfilled the promise of linguistic analysis before it was made by Wittgenstein. Lewis' discussion of the good looks like an anticipation of the linguistic method. The question "what is good?" is answered as if it read "how is (...)
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  67. A Study in the Political and Historical Essays of Immanuel Kant.Jack Pitt - unknown
    Impressed by the accomplishments of mathematics and physics during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, Kant was prompted to ask whether metaphysics might not profit from a consideration of at least the methods adopted by these enquiries. In the preface to the second edition of the Critique of Pure Reason he cites the experiment of Copernicus' in which, by reversing the habitually conceived relation between the earth and the other planets, this scientist was able to render a more exact explanation of (...)
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  68. The Concept of Truth in the Philosophy of Descartes.André. M. Gombay - unknown
    That an interest in philosophy is displayed in any work interpreting the thought of a philosopher, cannot be denied. To pay attention to the words of the thinkers of the past, to reflect upon the meaning of their utterances, is this not the mark of a genuine desire to understand what is essential in philosophy, in short, to think? However, the suspicion arises that an interest in philosophy does not yet guarantee that we grasp its authentic meaning; for interest nowadays (...)
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  69. The Principle of Individualism in Kierkegaard’s Philosophy.Margit van Leight Frank - unknown
    Following Kierkegaard's hint respecting the importance of his earlier life, Chapter l of this thesis surveys his childhood and youth with a view to the assessment of its significance for certain important elements in his philosophy and, more specifically, for his understanding of the process of self-realization. The purpose of the historical sketch in Chapter II is to exhibit the continuity of the concern for self-realization or individuation in recorded philosophical and religious reflection.
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  70. Life and History in the Philosophy of Ortega y Gasset.Herbert Lewis - 1954 - Dissertation, McGill University
    Jose Ortega y Gasset stands foremost in contemporary Spanish philosophy, both as regards his stature as a philosopher and as an influence upon his generation in Spain and in Spanish-speaking countries. Born in Madrid on May 9, 1883, son of Ortega y Munillo, the famous Spanish journalist, he received his first studies at the Collage of Jesuits in Miraflores and at the Central University in Madrid. A remarkably able and precocious student, in 1904 he presented his doctoral dissertation, El Milenario (...)
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  71. The Concept of Purpose in Kant's Philosophy.James T. Laird - unknown
    The Concept of Purpose in Kant's Philosophy is an attempt to feature a phase of Kant's philosophical thought that has received relatively scant attention. Kant's Critique of Pure Reason and Critique of Practical Reason have focused attention to his epistemology and ethics while unfortunately obscuring other interesting and informative aspects of his philosophical thought.
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  72. Ernst Mach and the Vienna Circle : An Examination of Their Basic Concepts.S. Moser - unknown
    Any philosophical position can be approached in two different ways which may be termed the historical approach and the analytical approach. While dealing with a certain philosophical doctrine, we may put the main emphasis on tracing its sources and comparing the doctrine with others known in the history of philosophy. On the other hand, it is possible to direct our attention mainly towards a critical analysis of the notions and propositions on which this philosophy is based, and to examine them (...)
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  73. Al-Kindī on Psychology.Redmond G. Fitzmaurice - unknown
    This thesis is an examination of the extant psychological treatises of Abu Yusuf Yaqub ibn Ishaq al-Kindi, the ninth century A.D. Arab scholar who was among the first of his race to interest himself in strictly philosophical questions. Al-Kindi's writings were among the first fruits of the translation of Greek philosophical and scientific works into Arabic. It is under that aspect that this thesis approaches his views on soul and intellect - as an instance of the passage of Greek philosophical (...)
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  74. Feminism and the Political Economy of Representation : Intersectionality, Invisibility and Embodiment.Anna Carastathis - unknown
    It has become commonplace within feminist theory to claim that women's lives are constructed by multiple, intersecting systems of oppression. In this thesis, l challenge the consensus that oppression is aptly captured by the theoretical model of "intersectionality." While intersectionality originates in Black feminist thought as a purposive intervention into US antidiscrimination law, it has been detached from that context and harnessed to different representational aims. For instance, it is often asserted that intersectionality enables a representational politics that overcomes legacies (...)
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  75. The Self in a Globalizing World : A Study of Globalization and its Impact on Identity.Xu Zhao - unknown
    Anthony Giddens' ideas on modernity and globalization show that globalization is modernity at the global level. The three characteristics of modernity: time-space separation, disembedding of social systems, and reflexivity have all been intensified in the last twenty years. Globalization is, on one hand, pulling different cultures together to form a global world; on the other hand, diversifying and fragmenting the social contexts of human activities. The modern individual struggles to adapt to the different social milieux he is involved in and (...)
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  76. Between Exegesis and Narrative : The Use of Miyyaḏ in Genesis Rabba.Shawn Zelig Aster - unknown
    This thesis analyzes the text of Genesis Rabba, one of the largest and most important of the rabbinic midrashim. It pays particular attention to its use of the term miyyad. Two specific patterns of usage are identified. Through these patterns, the thesis demonstrates how Genesis Rabba's midrash is simultaneously a work of narrative and of exegesis, and comments on some aspects of these two functions. It also traces the lexical evolution of the word miyyad in Hebrew.
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  77. Destiny and Human Initiative in the Mahābhārata.Julian Forster Woods - unknown
    This dissertation explores ideas about human agency and conduct as these are expressed in the Indian epic known as the Mahabharata. Two concepts in particular retain our attention: daiva, the power that comes from the gods, and purusakara, the power that comes from human beings. One current of thought holds that human life and the course of history are governed exclusively by external agencies. On the other hand, the epic also carries the commanding message that the lives of individuals and (...)
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  78. Al-Khāḍir : Origins and Interpretations : A Phenomenological Study.James Paul Jervis - unknown
    This thesis attempts to answer the following questions, each of which corresponds, sequentially, to chapter in this thesis: What is the internal composition and the historical contextualization of the 18th chapter of the Qur'an, the Surat al-Kahf? Who is al-Khadir, a figure in the Surat al-Kahf, verses 66-82? How has he been described in Muslim commentary and how has he been analyzed in nineteenth and twentieth century scholarship; and with whom has he been associated and/or identified in such commentary and (...)
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  79. Bhrāntivāda : Reading the Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra in Lieu of Metaphysics.John Michael Auden McVey - unknown
    The thesis, entitled "Bhrantivada: Reading the Lankavatara Sutra in Lieu of Metaphysics," examines the use of metaphors of place in the Sanskrit text of the Lankavatara Sutra. The incorporation of the fundamental doctrines of the text within a system of ascending "stages" is given particular attention, as this scheme presents the practical goals of the text by means of expressions of entry and abiding within "realms".
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  80. Hume's Theory of Moral Responsibility in the Treatise.Clarence Shole Johnson - unknown
  81. Why the Little Mermaid Stopped Singing: How Oppressive Social Forces Silence Children's Voices, and Rob Them of the Opportunity to Develop and Exercise Autonomy in the Health Care Context.Lori Seller - unknown
    The “new sociology of childhood” replaces the historical notion of children as inherently vulnerable, helpless and in need of protection, with a perception of children as capable of competent, autonomous, social participation. Although this new sociological perception underlies current children's rights literature, Canadian common law, and important Canadian pediatric health care guidelines, children's autonomy in health care contexts remains easily denied or subverted in favour of adult conceptions of their best interests. In order to try to understand why, I use (...)
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  82. The Development of Dialectic and Argumentation Theory in Post-Classical Islamic Intellectual History.Mehmet Karabela - unknown
    This dissertation is an analysis of the development of dialectic and argumentation theory in post-classical Islamic intellectual history. The central concerns of the thesis are; treatises on the theoretical understanding of the concept of dialectic and argumentation theory, and how, in practice, the concept of dialectic, as expressed in the Greek classical tradition, was received and used by five communities in the Islamic intellectual camp. It shows how dialectic as an argumentative discourse diffused into five communities (theologicians, poets, grammarians, philosophers (...)
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  83. Organ-Trafficking and the State of Israel: Jewish and Ethical Guidelines for a Regulated Market in Human Organs.Hayden Bernstein - unknown
    ABSTRACT Because of low donation rates in their own country, many Israeli citizens have recently turned to purchasing organs from abroad, risking their lives in highly unsanitary hospital conditions. The trafficking of organs also poses an ethical dilemma for those who sell their organs. Often, these vendors are under-compensated for their body parts, while follow-up medical treatment is minimal. The Jewish faith has always placed the sanctity of human life at its core, and it appears that Judaism allows for the (...)
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  84. What We Have yet Failed to Achieve: A Study of Charles Taylor's Canadian Social Criticism.Andrew John Gibson - unknown
    This dissertation examines what the author calls the Canadian social criticism component of the work of philosopher Charles Taylor. An internationally renowned scholar, Taylor's work has been much commented on. Yet there is an imbalance of attention in the reception of his work between the ample commentary pertaining to his more abstract philosophical thought, on the one hand, and the paucity of commentary concerning those aspects of his writing that carry more immediate practical relevance, i.e. his work in social criticism. (...)
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  85. Farabi's Virtuous City and the Plotinian World Soul: A New Reading of Farabi's «Mabadi' Ara' Ahl Al-Madina Al-Fadila».Gina Marie Bonelli - unknown
    Happiness ) materializes as the ultimate goal of man in Abū NaṣrMuḥammad b. Muḥammad b. Tarkhān al-Fārābīs Mabādi' Arā' Ahl Al-Madīna Al-Fāḍila. Buthappiness, i.e., happiness in this life and happiness in the afterlife, is onlyattainable by the virtuous citizen. The prevailing academic vision of Fārābī'sVirtuous City essentially can be placed into two categories: either it is an idealas found in Plato’s Republic or it is an actual city that has been founded or willbe established at some time in the future. (...)
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  86. An Examination of Exploitation in International Gestational Surrogacy Contracts.Kathryn MacKay - unknown
    This thesis aims to determine whether international gestational surrogacy contracts are exploitative, and whether they should be prohibited. I chose a group of women working as surrogates at Kaival Maternity Home and Surgical Hospital, in Anand, Gujarat, India as a study group. After examining their life circumstances, I argue that these women live in unjust circumstances caused by institutional sexism and poverty. I critically assess arguments launched against surrogacy, organ trade, and prostitution and find that none of these are sufficient (...)
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  87. Plotinus' Epistemology and His Reading of the «Theaetetus».Sara Magrin - unknown
    The thesis offers a reconstruction of Plotinus' reading of the Theaetetus, and it presents an account of his epistemology that rests on that reading. It aims to show that Plotinus reads the Theaetetus as containing two anti-sceptical arguments. The first argument is an answer to radical scepticism, namely, to the thesis that nothing is apprehensible and judgement must be suspended on all matters. The second argument is an answer to a more moderate form of scepticism, which does not endorse a (...)
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  88. Abū Al-ʻAbbās Al-Mursī : A Study of Some Aspects of His Mystical Thought.Sobhi Mina Botros - unknown
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  89. Re-Thinking the Research Imperative: A Critique of Ideology and a Feminist Analysis.Katherine Wayne - unknown
    Medical research is frequently regarded as not only a laudable, but even an obligatory enterprise. As critics point out, however, the moral foundation for such an obligation is far from clear. Foremost among these critics is bioethicist Daniel Callahan, whose work on this topic remains under-examined. His arguments concerning what he refers to as the research imperative demand careful analysis in order to provoke a rigorous interdisciplinary debate. Central to this project is an understanding of the research imperative's ideological dimensions. (...)
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  90. The Rhythm of Embodied Encounters: Intersubjectivity in Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology.Florentien Verhage - unknown
    This thesis takes its starting point from Maurice Merleau-Ponty's insight that in order to make sense of the experience of others, one needs to describe how differences are perceived from the perspective of the subject's own body. This study of intersubjective interactions is approached from what I call a 'broad phenomenological' point of view. 'Broad phenomenology' encompasses a more traditional and ontological notion of phenomenology, a rereading of this phenomenology through a feminist lens, and a contemporary cognitive scientific notion of (...)
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  91. Intellect, Substance, and Motion in Al-Farabi's Cosmology.Damien Triffon Janos - unknown
    This dissertation offers a new and comprehensive analysis of Abū Naṣr al-Fārābī's cosmology by focusing on various important issues that have been largely neglected by the modern scholarship. It provides an examination of the physical, metaphysical, and astronomical aspects of al-Fārābī's cosmology by adopting a multidisciplinary approach that takes into account the history of philosophy and the history of astronomy. Accordingly, my dissertation explores how al-Fārābī attempted to reconcile features of Ptolemaic astronomy with Aristotelian and Neoplatonic theories, an endeavor which (...)
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  92. Ethics of Health Care Practice in Humanitarian Crises.Matthew Robert Hunt - unknown
    Humanitarian emergencies and natural disasters can overwhelm the capacity of local and national agencies to respond to the needs of affected populations. In such cases, international relief organizations are frequently involved in the provision of emergency assistance. Health care professionals play a key role in these interventions. This practice environment is significantly different from the context of health care delivery in the home countries of expatriate health care professionals. Clinicians who travel from a developed nation to a resource-poor setting where (...)
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  93. Exploitation and Biomedical Research in the Developing World.David McLauchlan - unknown
    The exploitation of participants is a significant problem in biomedical research, especially in the developing world. However, there is a gap between this problem and the theoretical literature on exploitation. This thesis will attempt to bridge it, considering Wertheimer and Sample’s theories. Whereas Wertheimer holds that exploitation is merely an unjust distribution of the “social surplus” arising from a transaction, Sample, whose approach this thesis endorses, construes exploitation as a lack of respect for a person’s true value. This thesis will (...)
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  94. Psychosocial Care and Patient Autonomy: A Feminist Argument in Support of a "Meaning-Making" Intervention.Jennifer Bell - unknown
    Recent studies in psychosocial oncology that seek to address the social, psychological, emotional, spiritual, quality of life, and functional impacts of cancer, report positive findings for meaning-making interventions designed to help cancer patients cope with their illness experience. These interventions are successful in decreasing depression among cancer patients and increasing life satisfaction, self-esteem, coping, physical functioning, and optimism. Yet, despite these positive findings meaning-making interventions and, more generally psychosocial care, are not well integrated into hospital or healthcare organization routine cancer (...)
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  95. Minimal Risk Revisited: The Ethics of Clinical Research with Children.Ariella Binik - unknown
    One of the central problems concerning research with children is the delineation of appropriate levels of risk exposure. In the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, the "minimal risk" concept serves as an anchoring measure for allowable risk. While the regulations sought to promote a balance between scientific advances and the protection of children's vulnerable status, ambiguities in the language of the regulations and the regulatory definition of "minimal risk" have given rise to a great deal of confusion. Research ethics boards (...)
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  96. Hegel's Concept of Religion.James Pierre Chetelat - unknown
    In this dissertation I explore how Hegel conceives of the practice of religion. Religion for Hegel cannot be the relationship between humans and a transcendent being, since, as I argue, Hegel's God is not a being of the transcendent sort, but reason as Idea and spirit. Nor does Hegel primarily understand religion as feeling or immediate experience of the divine. According to Hegel, religion involves knowledge of the truth in the form of representation, and I discuss the truths that in (...)
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  97. Nature, Reasons, and Moral Meaningfulness.Pierre Charette - unknown
    The "anthropology of moral life", or "moral anthropology", is an approach to moral philosophy which I take to have been initiated by Peter Strawson, and developed, independently and in different ways, by David Wiggins and Daniel Dennett. I take the respective moral anthropologies of Wiggins and Dennett to be complementary, and I propose to synthesize them within a Dennettian framework. The framework involves the definition of a "rationally acceptable language". Descriptions and accounts stated in that language are ontologically interpreted in (...)
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  98. Prosthetic Tim/Ing: Selfhood and Ethics Amidst Technological Rationality.Matthew Surch - unknown
    This masters thesis examines the interplay between ethics and selfhood amidst contemporary technological rationality. I use personal everyday photography as a foil in my analysis of the ways in which temporality is both constitutive of consciousness and the subject of practices of domestication via technics. In chapter one, I define personal everyday photography, address the two interconnected registers of selfhood, and advance an argument for mindfulness. In chapter two, I assess the ethical aspects of memory, temporality and thinking as they (...)
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  99. Technology, Community, and the Self.William B. Hutchinson - 1993 - Dissertation, McGill
    But suppose now that technology were no means, how would it stand with the will to master it? Martin Heidegger.
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