OAI Archive: Jyväskylä University Digital Archive

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Jyväskylä University Digital Archive"

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  1. Carl Jung and the Role of Shadow and Trickster in Political Humor : Social Philosophical Analysis.Jarno Hietalahti - 2019 - In C. P. Martins (ed.), Comedy for Dinner and Other Dishes. pp. 20-41.
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  2. On the Ontology of Social Pathologies.Onni Hirvonen - 2018 - Studies in Social and Political Thought 28:9-14.
    The recent years have seen a rehabilitation of the concept of social pathology in the critical social theory. However, several pertinent questions about how to understand social pathologies remain. One of the big issues is, who is actually ill when a society is ill? Is it certain individuals, a large proportion of the population, groups, institutions, or the society as a whole? And what does it mean for these entities to be in a pathological state? This short presentation introduces four (...)
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  3. Cognitive Dispositions in the Psychology of Peter John Olivi.Juhana Toivanen - 2018 - In N. Faucher & M. Roques (eds.), The Ontology, Psychology and Axiology of Habits (Habitus) in Medieval Philosophy. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. pp. 185-204.
    This chapter discusses Peter John Olivi’s conception of the role of dispositions in sensory cognition from metaphysical and psychological perspectives. It shows that Olivi makes a distinction between two general types of disposition. Some of them account for the ease, or difficulty, with which different persons use their cognitive powers, while others explain why people react differently to things that they perceive or think. This distinction is then applied to Olivi’s analysis of three different psychological operations, where the notion of (...)
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  4. Shared Experiencing, Shared Understandings: Intersubjectivity as a Key Phenomenon in Drama Education.Tuija Leena Viirret - 2018 - Applied Theatre Research 6 (2):155-166.
    This article is a philosophical reflection on intersubjectivity in the context of drama education; it draws on the concept’s most recent neuroscientific basis as well as the perspectives of Merleau-Ponty, Buber and Husserl. Its purpose is to deepen our understanding of the mechanisms of interaction in learning processes in drama education. In the stream of interaction in drama, the central conditions are shared experiencing and shared understandings. Intersubjectivity encompasses both of these. This study views intersubjectivity as an innate capacity and (...)
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  5. Epistemologies of Sustainability in Swedish Crime Series Jordskott.Helen Mäntymäki - 2018 - Green Letters 22 (1):89-100.
    nvironmental themes have invaded Nordic TV crime series over the past few years. In this paper, the epistemological starting points of a Swedish series, Jordskott, are examined. The paper argues that the series criticizes the traditional humanist paradigm on which realistic crime narratives are based. It does so through the introduction of fantastic non-human beings with the help of which the boundaries of ‘nature’ and ‘human being’ are set mobile. In the series, subjectivities are rendered volatile and the humanist epistemological (...)
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  6. Phenomenological Ontology of Breathing : The Phenomenologico-Ontological Interpretation of the Barbaric Conviction of We Breathe Air and a New Philosophical Principle of Silence of Breath, Abyss of Air.Petri Berndtson - 2018 - Dissertation, University of Jyväskylä
    The general topic of my philosophical dissertation is phenomenological ontology of breathing. I do not investigate the phenomenon of breathing as a natural scientific problem, but as a philosophical question. Within our tradition, breathing has been normally understood as a mechanistic-materialistic physiological life-sustaining process of gas exchange and cellular respiration which does not really seem to have any essential connection to human being’s spiritual, mental or philosophical capacities. On the contrary to this natural scientific view, I argue that breathing can (...)
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  7. Demystifying the Influential IS Legends of Positivism.Mikko Siponen & Aggeliki Tsohou - 2018 - Journal of the Association for Information Systems 19 (7):600-617.
    Positivism has been used to establish a standard that Information Systems research must meet to be scientific. According to such positivistic beliefs in IS, scientific research should: 1) be generalizable, 2) focus on stable independent variables, 3) have certain ontological assumptions, and 4) use statistical or quantitative methods rather than qualitative methods. We argue that logical positivist philosophers required none of these. On the contrary, logical positivist philosophers regarded philosophizing in general and ontological considerations in particular as nonsense. Moreover, the (...)
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  8. Exploring Aesthetics in Design : Implications for Human–Computer Interaction.Mads Nygaard Folkmann - 2018 - Human Technology 14 (1):6-26.
    In this article, I enter into a discussion of how aesthetics can be conceptualized in the context of design and related to the field of human–computer interaction. I contest the current trend in design aesthetics that primarily focuses on beauty, pleasure, and the creation of emotional appeal by means of the sensual and visual elements of the design. Conversely, I advocate for a series of concepts related to aesthetics, such as reflectivity, representation, and epistemology, as these point aesthetics beyond the (...)
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  9. Capability to Be Educated : Inspiring and Inclusive Pedagogical Arrangements From Finnish Schools.Mari-Anne Okkolin, Teija Koskela, Petra Engelbrecht & Hannu Savolainen - forthcoming - Journal of Human Development and Capabilities.
    The idea and concept of inclusive education have been debated, and different interpretations of what inclusion means and to whom it concerns have been presented. In this paper, we bring together notions of inclusive quality education, pedagogy, learning and teachers, and illustrate how the principle of inclusion has been enacted and translated into classroom practices in Finnish context. Drawing from Finnish teachers’ narratives, we highlight successful, small-scale and creative pedagogical arrangements and teachers’ sensitivity to recognize and commit to responding to (...)
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  10. Laughing at Oneself : On the New Social Character.Jarno Hietalahti - unknown
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  11. The Case Study in Family Business : An Analysis of Current Research Practices and Recommendations.Tanja Leppäaho, Emmanuella Plakoyiannaki & Pavlos Dimitratos - unknown
    In this study we identified and analyzed 75 articles in the family business literature between 2000 and 2014, focusing on the case study design they adopted. We found the positivistic case study approach to be the FB disciplinary convention. The two alternative approaches of critical realism and interpretivism were used to a significantly lesser extent. We anticipate that in the future the positivistic approach will continue to be used widely. The other two approaches could be employed to a greater extent, (...)
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  12. The Finland of Poetry Revisited Four Snapshots.Matti Itkonen - unknown
    A poem is a condensation of signs and a method characteristic of every human being for investigating a shared reality. Accordingly, a human being also lives and exists poetically in this common world. This being so, the primacy of the mother tongue refers to the lived language, which mediates the possibility for us of carving out our own unique imprint on existence. Similarly, the native land signifies a milieu where a human being takes on a reality amidst other objects, surrounded (...)
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  13. Embodiment and Feminist Philosophy.Heinämaa Sara - 2017 - In A. Stone, A. Garry & S. J. Khader (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Feminist Philosophy. New York, USA: Routledge. pp. 180-193.
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  14. A Conceptual Analysis of the Oceanic Feeling : With a Special Note on Painterly Aesthetics.Jussi A. Saarinen - unknown
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  15. The Authentic Self : Essays in Al-Fārābī and Late Ancient Greek Philosophy.Timothy Riggs - unknown
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  16. Proclus, Erototokos and "the Great Confusion" : Neoplatonist Defense of Polytheistic Piety in Early Byzantine Athens.Tuomo Lankila - unknown
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  17. Pragmatic a Priori Knowledge: A Pragmatic Approach to the Nature and Object of What Can Be Known Independently of Experience.Lauri Järvilehto - 2011 - Jyväskylä University Printing House.
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  18. Copenhagen Failure : A Rhetorical Treatise of How Speeches Unite and Divide Mankind.Teea Kortetmäki - unknown
    The purpose of this treatise is to analyse five of the Copenhagen Climate Convention's main speeches to see how they supported or weakened the agreement possibilities in the convention. Particular focus will be on the elements that divide or unite negotiators and whether the summit's failing outcome is already built in the pre-planned speeches held at the main podium. Theoretically, the study builds on Kenneth Burke's identification thesis and Elizabeth L. Malone's climate change debate analysis. I combine these in my (...)
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  19. Philosophical Film Worlds : Can Films Themselves Philosophize and If so, How Can This Be Achieved and Furthermore Interpreted?Jonas Saari - unknown
    The mission and function of this thesis is to generally explore the ways in which philosophy studies and investigates films. More specifically its aim is to examine the theories of Stephen Mulhall and Stanley Cavell, on how films could be regarded as philosophic in nature through philosophy, that films could indeed be independently seen as philosophical excercises in action, film as philosophizing. My goal is to clarify the connection between these two cultural, human endeavours by also having a look at (...)
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  20. Animal Consciousness : Peter Olivi on Cognitive Functions of the Sensitive Soul.Juhana Toivanen - 2009 - Dissertation,
  21. Essays on Early Modern Conceptions of Consciousness: Descartes, Cudworth, and Locke.Vili Lähteenmäki - unknown
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  22. Aesthetic Self-Formation in Digital Gameplay with Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe’s Philosophy.Kalmanlehto Johan - 2017 - Aalto University Publication Series ART + DESIGN + ARCHITECTURE 5.
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  23. First Stages of Adult Students Relationship to Scientific Knowing and Research in the Open University's Web-Based Methodology Course.Leena Isosomppi & Minna Maunula - 2016 - In M. B. Nunes & M. McPherson (eds.), Proceedings of the International Conference E-Learning 2016 (part of MCCSIS 2016). IADIS Press.
    The adult students who participate in the web-based studies of the open university have in many ways heterogeneous starting points for studying and learning, for example, the educational backgrounds, the acquired work experience, the general academic skills and the objectives of the future can vary considerably. The adult students striving from the different starting points pursue their own individual objectives and the set educational dimensions of the academic education. In the academic adult education, individuality and the adult student's autonomy are (...)
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  24. Adorno's Tragic Vision.Markku Nivalainen - 2018 - Dissertation, University of Jyväskylä
    This dissertation deals with the tragic vision that motivates certain key aspects of Theodor W. Adorno’s philosophy. While in the formative early work, the Dialectic of Enlightenment, co-written with Max Horkheimer, the tragic views are clear, in later works, such as the Aesthetic Theory and the Negative Dialectics, they are only implicit. The study reconstructs the tragic vision found in the Dialectic of Enlightenment and uses it as a key to understand Adorno’s mature philosophy. A tragic vision is born when (...)
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  25. Review: George Anagnostopoulos, A Companion to Aristotle. [REVIEW]Taneli Kukkonen - unknown
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  26. Peter E. Gordon: Adorno and Existence.Hietalahti Jarno - 2017 - Phenomenological Reviews 12 (9).
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  27. The Object and Limits of Empathy in Stein's Philosophy.Ruonakoski Erika - 2017 - In H. Tuorila-Kahanpää (ed.), Celebrating Teresa of Avila and Edith Stein : two seminars organised by the Secular Order of the Teresian Carmel in Helsinki in 2015 and 2016. Helsinki, Finland: OCDS Finland. pp. 25-38.
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  28. Developing a Metatheoretical Framework for Second Language Development : A Cultural-Historical Theory and Dynamic Systems Theory Perspective.Saeed Karimi-Aghdam-Ordaklou - unknown
    The main aim of this article-based dissertation is to construct and articulate a dialectical metatheoretical architecture for the study of second language development termed Purposive-Historical Systems Theory invoking, inter alia, the axiomatic imperatives of dynamic systems theory, Vygotskian cultural-historical theory, and Pepperian root metaphor theory. Specifically, it primarily purports, first, to demonstrate the tenability of a dialectical synthesis of DST and CHT; second, to philosophize on the fundamental contours of PHiST; third, to apply a novel metatheoretical perspective, as a quintessential (...)
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  29. The One Is Not : On the Fate of Unity in Post-Metaphysical Philosophy.Jussi Backman - 2017 - Religious Theory 2017.
  30. Moral Language in Child Protection Research.Tytti Poikolainen - unknown
    This article is based on a philosophical analysis of moral language in academic journal articles that concern child death cases. The analysis shows that research of child protection is a value-committed practice, and the language use reflects this in various ways. Direct moral language is relatively rare, and moral values are often implicitly referred to. Values in social work research bear resemblance to moral philosophical stances.
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  31. Erich Fromm and Critical Humor Research.Jarno Hietalahti - unknown
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  32. On the Conditions for Objectivity : How to Avoid Bias in Socially Relevant Research.Saana Jukola - unknown
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  33. Case Studies in Family Business Research.Tanja Kontinen, Arto Ojala & Emmanuella Plakoyiannaki - unknown
    Based on a review of 63 case studies from the family business field, the authors emphasize the potential of critical realist case studies for family business scholars. The review revealed that the positivistic case study introduced by Yin and Eisenhardt is the disciplinary convention of family business field. Since there are several events and mechanisms underspinning social phenomena, such as succession, they need to be both explanained and understood which is the staring point of critical realism. Hence critical realis ontology (...)
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  34. A Religious End of Metaphysics? Heidegger, Meillassoux and the Question of Fideism.Jussi Backman - 2016 - In Antonio Cimino & Gert-Jan van der Heiden (eds.), Rethinking Faith: Heidegger between Nietzsche and Wittgenstein. New York: Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 39-62.
    The paper analyzes Quentin Meillassoux’s conception of the fideistic approach to religious faith intrinsic to the “strong correlationism” that he considers pervasive in contemporary thought. Backman presents the basic elements of Meillassoux’s speculative materialism and especially the thesis according to which strong correlationism involves a “fideistic” approach to religiosity. In doing so, Backman critically examines Meillassoux’s notions of post-metaphysical faith, religious absolutes, and contemporary fanaticism, especially against the background of Heidegger’s philosophy. According to Backman, Meillassoux’s logical and conceptual critique of (...)
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  35. The Dynamic Concept of Humor : Erich Fromm and the Possibility of Humane Humor.Jarno Hietalahti - unknown
    This dissertation focuses on the social philosophy of humor from the viewpoint of Erich Fromm’s critical humanistic thinking. The work consists of an introduction and four individual articles. The introduction discusses Fromm’s theories in relation to the phenomenon of humor to provide a basis for the articles. The central aim is to understand the dynamic nature of humor and how it is related to the problem of being a paradoxical creature, that is, a human being. It is claimed that humor (...)
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  36. Narrative and Discursive Perspectives on Athletic Identity : Past, Present, and Future.Noora J. Ronkainen, Anna Kavoura & Tatiana V. Ryba - unknown
    Objectives The dominant role-based conceptualisations of athletic identity have recently been challenged in favour of theoretical perspectives that view identity as a complex cultural construction. In the present study, we analysed empirical studies on athletic identity positioned in narrative and discursive approaches to gain an insight into the use and subsequent contribution of these approaches to knowledge production in this research topic. Design and method A total of 23 articles, of which 18 narrative studies and five discursive studies, were identified (...)
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