OAI Archive: Lund University Publications

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Lund University Publications"

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  1. Will Science and Proven Experience Converge or Diverge? : The Ontological Considerations.Johannes Persson - 2019 - In Tobias Hansson Wahlberg & Robin Stenwall (eds.), Maurinian Truths. pp. 97-106.
    Proven experience can be shared. Given this, we cannot assume that the character of proven experience is always manifest as a physical token in each individual sharing it. But the token might still exist somewhere. Perhaps that is a condition of the proven experience’s existence. Something similar could have been accepted as true of scientific knowledge, especially if those who argued that scientific claims were only shorthand for more complicated claims about observations had been right. But it seems that they (...)
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  2. On Boredom in Winter Sleep.Elif Gezgin & Argun Abrek Canbolat - 2019 - Trakya Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 9 (18):68-85.
    In this work, we focus on the film Winter Sleep by Nuri Bilge Ceylan,whose works place special emphasis on various aspects of boredom. As one of the main figures in slow cinema, Ceylan, in this influential work of art, enable us to explore boredom through three main characters: Aydın, Nihal and Necla. By taking a closer look at the film, we analyze both symbolism and the behavioral side of boredom as well as how the main characters, in our view, experience (...)
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  3. A Gap Between the Philosophy and the Practice of Palliative Healthcare: Sociological Perspectives on the Practice of Nurses in Specialised Palliative Homecare.Stinne Glasdam, Frida Ekström, Maria Rosberg & Ann-Margrethe van der Schaaf - forthcoming - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy.
    Palliative care philosophy is based on a holistic approach to patients, but research shows that possibilities for living up to this philosophy seem limited by historical and administrative structures. From the nurse perspective, this article aims to explore nursing practice in specialised palliative homecare, and how it is influenced by organisational and cultural structures. Qualitative, semi-structured interviews with nine nurses were conducted, inspired by Bourdieu. The findings showed that nurses consolidate the doxa of medicine, including medical-professional values that configure a (...)
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  4. Toward a Learning Philosophy Based on Experience in Entrepreneurship Education.Gustav Hägg & Agnieszka Kurczewska - forthcoming - Entrepreneurship Education and Pedagogy.
    If experience is the guiding light in entrepreneurship education, then why is there so little mention of a philosophy of experience? This article aims to illuminate the philosophical foundations upon which entrepreneurship education rests by discussing learning through experience. In particular, we discuss the concept of experience used in educational research and learning activities for fostering knowledge development in entrepreneurship education. To illustrate our discussion, we develop a diagram that addresses primary and secondary experience and its interplay as well as (...)
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  5. The Paradigm of the Charismatic Leader.Sverre Spoelstra - forthcoming - Leadership.
    This invited contribution is a reflection on my motivation for writing the book Leadership and Organization: A Philosophical Introduction. The premise of the book is that popular leadership adjectives, e.g. ‘transformational’, ‘authentic’ and ‘servant’, are much more interesting than the corresponding leadership constructs suggest. The book claims that these popular leadership concepts are still shaped by the figure of the charismatic leader, even though the concept of charisma in leadership studies has lost much of its appeal. In this paper,I further (...)
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  6. Individuation, Education and Democracy.Sacharias Votinius - 2017 - In Mia Rönnmar & Jenny Julén Votinius (eds.), Festskrift till Ann Numhauser-Henning. Juristförlaget i Lund.
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  7. María Zambrano's Ontology of Exile : Expressive Subjectivity.Karolina Enquist Källgren - 2019 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This book analyzes the exile ontology of Spanish philosopher María Zambrano. Karolina Enquist Källgren connects Zambrano’s lived exile and political engagement with the Spanish Civil War to her poetic reason, and argues that Zambrano developed a theory of expressive subjectivity that combined embodiment with the expressive creativity of the human mind. The analysis of recurring literary figures and concepts—such as new materialism, the confession, image, the ruin, the heart, and awakening— show how a comprehensive argument runs as a thread through (...)
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  8. Metaphysics From A to Z: Ramsey, Frank Plumpton.Nils Eric Sahlin - 2009 - In Jaegwon Kim, Ernest Sosa & Gary Rosenkrantz (eds.), A Companion to Metaphysics. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  9. Law, Love and Responsibility : A Note on Solidarity in EU Law.Reza Banakar - 2018 - In Reza Banakar, Karl Dahlstrand & Lotti Ryberg Welander (eds.), Law, Love and Responsibility : A Note on Solidarity in EU Law. pp. 69-83.
    This paper argues that although solidarity was developed as a principle in EU law to enhance the unity and cooperation between the Member States, its viability at the transnational level remains ultimately a function of its efficacy at the micro level of EU citizens. The question at the core of this inquiry concerns, therefore, how micro and macro dimensions of solidarity are related to each other sociologically and what their relationship means for EU law and the EU’s integration policy. The (...)
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  10. The History and Philosophy of Biosignatures.David Dunér - 2019 - In B. Cavalazzi & F. Westall (eds.), Biosignatures for Astrobiology. Advances in Astrobiology and Biogeophysics. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. pp. 303-338.
    This chapter examines the human search, understanding, and interpretation of biosignatures. It deals with four epistemological issues in the search for signs of life in outer space: conceptualization, how we form concepts of life in astrobiology, how we define and categorize things, and the relation between our concepts and our knowledge of the world; analogy, how we see similarities between things, and with inductive, analogical reasoning go from what we know to what we do not know, from the only example (...)
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  11. Community as a Key Word: : A Heuristic for Action-Oriented Sustainability Research.Chad Boda - 2018 - Sustainability 10 (8).
    In this article, I outline the foundations of a consistent and systematic approach to conceptualizing communities in action-oriented sustainability research. More specifically, I develop a conceptual heuristic based on key questions related to ontology, epistemology, methodology and motivation that should be useful for researchers regarding the process of initiating, clarifying and reporting on research with communities. While the use of the community concept in sustainability research is particularly prominent, variability in the possible types of social groupings combined with the concept’s (...)
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  12. Perfection and Fiction : A Study in Iris Murdoch's Moral Philosophy.Frits Gåvertsson - 2018 - Dissertation, Lund University
    This thesis comprises a study of the ethical thought of Iris Murdoch with special emphasis, as evidenced by the title, on how morality is intimately connected to self-improvement aiming at perfection and how the study of fiction has an important role to play in our strive towards bettering ourselves within the framework set by Murdoch’s moral philosophy.
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  13. The Interdisciplinary Decision Problem : Popperian Optimism and Kuhnian Pessimism in Forestry.Johannes Persson, Henrik Thorén & Lennart Olsson - forthcoming - Ecology and Society.
    Interdisciplinary research in the fields of forestry and sustainability studies often encounters seemingly incompatible ontological assumptions deriving from natural and social sciences. The perceived incompatibilities might emerge from the epistemological and ontological claims of the theories or models directly employed in the interdisciplinary collaboration, or they might be created by other epistemological and ontological assumptions that these interdisciplinary researchers find no reason to question. In this paper we discuss the benefits and risks of two possible approaches, Popperian optimism and Kuhnian (...)
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  14. Early Christian Determinism : A Study of The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate.Paul Linjamaa - 2018 - Dissertation, Lund University
    The aim of this study is to explore the ethics of the Nag Hammadi text, The Tripartite Tractate. This text, the fifth tractate in Nag Hammadi Codex I, has received comparatively little attention, although it is the most detailed Valentinian treaty still extant. By investigating the ethics of The Tripartite Tractate, this study not only illuminates a previously unstudied aspect of this very interesting early Christian text, but also seeks to explore the workings of early Christian determinism. This has previously (...)
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  15. Alain Badiou and ADHD; the 'Two Scene of Love' Versus Neurobehaviorism.Mattias Nilsson Sjöberg - unknown
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  16. Logical Dynamics and Dynamical Systems.Rasmus Kraemmer Rendsvig - unknown
    This thesis is on information dynamics modeled using *dynamic epistemic logic*. It takes the simple perspective of identifying models with maps, which under a suitable topology may be analyzed as *topological dynamical systems*. It is composed of an introduction and six papers. The introduction situates DEL in the field of formal epistemology, exemplifies its use and summarizes the main contributions of the papers.Paper I models the information dynamics of the *bystander effect* from social psychology. It shows how augmenting the standard (...)
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  17. Importing Notions in Health Law: Science and Proven Experience.Wahlberg Lena & Persson Johannes - 2017 - European Journal of Health Law 24 (5).
    In Swedish law, the notion of ‘science and proven experience’ defines the gold standard for public decision-making and practice, especially in medicine. The notion is notoriously vague but nevertheless plays an important role in the distribution of rights and duties of patients and healthcare workers. For example, failure to provide care in accordance with this standard can lead to penal responsibility. The notion also helps to define Swedish patients’ right to reimbursement for cross-border healthcare. From a legal point of view, (...)
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  18. Reasons Pro Et Contra as a Debiasing Technique in Legal Contexts.Zenker Frank, Dahlman Christian, Bååth Rasmus & Sarwar Farhan - forthcoming - Psychological Reports.
    Although legal contexts are subject to biased reasoning and decision making, to identify and test debiasing techniques has largely remained an open task. We report on experimentally deploying the technique “giving reasons pro et contra” with professional and lay judges at Swedish municipal courts. Using a mock legal scenario, participants assessed the relevance of an eyewitness’s previous conviction for his credibility. On average, both groups displayed low degrees of bias. We observed a small positive debiasing effect only for professional judges. (...)
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  19. Science and Proven Experience : A Swedish Variety of Evidence Based Medicine and a Way to Better Risk Analysis?Johannes Persson, Niklas Vareman, Annika Wallin, Lena Wahlberg & Nils-Eric Sahlin - forthcoming - Journal of Risk Research.
    A key question for evidence-based medicine is how best to model the way in which EBM should‘[integrate] individual clinical expertise and the best external evidence’. We argue that the formulations and models available in the literature today are modest variations on a common theme and face very similar problems when it comes to risk analysis, which is here understood as a decision procedure comprising a factual assessment of risk, the risk assessment, and the decision what to do based on this (...)
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  20. The Ambivalent Potentiality of Vulnerability : Museum Pedagogy in Exhibitions on Difficult Matters and its Ethical Implications.Tinning Katrine - 2017 - Dissertation, Lund University
    The aim of this dissertation is to critically investigate and problematize how museum exhibitions on Difficult Matters, like war and sexual violence, can be designed in order to contribute to teaching-learning relations between museum and visitor, which may transform existing perceptions of self, others, and the world and evoke a deepened sense of responsibility in the viewers, i.e. an ethical transformation.Based on a hermeneutic phenomenological approach the study takes three paths to shed light on the above. 1) Investigating literature on (...)
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  21. Craft, Currencies, and Ritual Orders in a Northern Thai Village.Henrik Kloppenborg Møller - unknown
    The blog post discusses interactions between two different ritual, and monetary orders in a woodcarving village in northern Thailand. The first order ties together woodcarvers, traders, and buyers through the medium of several monetary currencies. People donate money in a woodcarving company to wooden figurines of Jesus, the Fo, Guanyin, Guang Gong commonly worshipped in China, and, most prominently, the Hindu God Ganesh. The monetary donations manifest the belief in the ability of Ganesh in bringing luck in craftsmanship and in (...)
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  22. Gender, Feminism and Critical Realism : Exchanges, Challenges, Synergies.Gunnarsson Lena, Martínez Dy Angela & van Ingen Michiel - 2018 - Routledge.
    This book marks a pivotal moment in the intensifying dialogue between the philosophical approach of critical realism and the fields of feminist theory and gender research. During the last three decades, these fields have been decisively influenced by poststructuralist perspectives. As such perspectives are increasingly being challenged, this book argues that critical realism is able to serve as a fruitful resource for carving out new paths for feminist theorizing and research. At the same time, it argues that feminist insights on (...)
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  23. Post-Deleuzian Investigations of U.S. Avant-Garde Film, 1943–81.Mendelyte Atene - 2017 - Dissertation, Lund University
    The aim of this dissertation is to investigate a number of U.S. avant-garde films using Deleuzian film-philosophy in order to describe their thought. I develop the taxonomy of cinematic images created by the French philosopher Gilles Deleuze by introducing a new type of image. The notion of the sobjective image I conceptualize points to the immanent semiosis that characterizes certain films. The sobjective image describes the individual images and the entire films that objectify subjectivity and create idiosyncratic mental film-worlds. These (...)
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  24. A Minor Matter of Great Concern: The Different Sustainability Logics of 'Societal Benefits' and 'Socio-Economic Profit'.Johan Hultman & Filippa Säwe - 2017 - In The Handbook of Sustainability Science and Research. Springer.
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  25. Problematising Place Branding Research : A Meta-Theoretical Analysis of the Literature.Andrea Lucarelli & Sara Brorström - unknown
    Place branding is commonly understood as the general phenomenon of marketing, branding, promoting and regeneration of a particular city, region and/or location. Place branding has attracted an increasing number of researchers belonging to different disciplines producing a highly interdisciplinary literature. However, the complexity and problems connected with it has not been coped with sufficiently in previous studies. Therefore the aim of the present paper is to problematise place branding research by performing a meta-theoretical analysis of the literature. The authors do (...)
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  26. Introduction.Elena Namli, Jayne Svenungsson & Alana M. Vincent - unknown
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  27. Facts in the Law : A Legal Positivistic Conception of the Law/Fact Distinction.Ellika Sevelin - unknown
    This thesis concerns the law/fact distinction in law. The interest it takes in the distinction is not practical, but conceptual. It more specifically concerns the questions: “What is it that is conceptually assumed about something when it is categorized as ‘of law’ or ‘of fact’?” and “What is conceptually assumed about the law when law is distinguished from fact by the use of the law/fact distinction, and, in particular, is this assumption compatible with legal positivism?” It approaches the questions both (...)
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  28. Altering Consciousness. Multidisciplinary Perspectives. Volume I. History, Culture, and the Humanities.Etzel Cardeña & Michael Winkelman - unknown
    Comprehensive and authoritative review chapters of the importance of altering consciousness throughout history and for a variety of disciplines including history, society, psychology, anthropology, religion, technology, philosophy, performance, theatre, literature, music, art.
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  29. Against Boredom : 17 Essays on Ignorance, Values, Creativity, Metaphysics, Decision-Making, Truth, Preference, Art, Processes, Ramsey, Ethics, Rationality, Validity, Human Ills, Science, and Eternal Life to Nils-Eric Sahlin on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday. [REVIEW]Johannes Persson, Göran Hermerén & Eva Sjöstrand - unknown
    in Undetermined Table d’Hôte Ingar Brinck: Investigating the development of creativity: The Sahlin hypothesis 7 Linus Broström: Known unknowns and proto-second-personal address in photographic art 25 Johan Brännmark: Critical moral thinking without moral theory 33 Martin Edman: Vad är ett missförhållande? 43 Pascal Engel: Rambling on the value of truth 51 Peter Gärdenfors: Ambiguity in decision making and the fear of being fooled 75 Göran Hermerén: NIPT: Ethical aspects 89 Mats Johansson: Roboethics: What problems should be addressed and why? 103 (...)
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  30. Law and Social Theory.Reza Banakar & Max Travers - unknown
    There is a growing interest within law schools in the intersections between law and different areas of social theory. The second edition of this popular text introduces a wide range of traditions in sociology and the humanities that offer provocative, contextual views on law and legal institutions. The book is organised into six sections, each with an introduction by the editors, on classical sociology of law, systems theory, critical theory, law in action, postmodernism, and law in global society. Each chapter (...)
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  31. A Framework for Strategic Communication Research : A Call for Synthesis and Consilience.Howard Nothhaft - unknown
    This essay suggests that the conceptualization of strategic communication as a field uniting several disciplines was an important step forward, but progress in absolute terms has been disappointing so far. Individual researchers open up new avenues of exploration and regularly arrive at answers to questions internally consistent with their respective perspectives. But the body of reasonably verified scientific knowledge that goes substantially beyond common sense remains underdeveloped. The author argues that biologist Edward O. Wilson identified the key characteristic of progressing (...)
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  32. Does Method Matter? : Understanding Experience Data Collected Through Different Mobile Techniques.Malin Zillinger & Ingrid Zakrisson - unknown
    Knowledge on the influence of methods on research outcomes is scarce within experience studies. In this study, GPS devices were compared to smartphones to collect experience data in theme parks. Departing from the relevance of epistemology, it was assumed that the choice of method influences the results. We show that data collection modalities themselves influence empirical results when it comes to the number of reported experiences and their level of conveyed detail. The reported categories however are similar among the methods. (...)
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  33. The Paradoxical Nature of Swedish School Reform.Axel Fredholm - unknown
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  34. On the Ontology of Love, Sexuality and Power : Towards a Feminist-Realist Depth Approach.Lena Gunnarsson - unknown
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  35. Power and Social Ontology.Åsa Burman - 2007 - Lund, Sweden: Bokbox Publications.
    This work presents an account of social power based on recent advances in social ontology. It is argued that a conceptual analysis of social power can be informed by developments in social ontology, but also that this field can be enriched, and in fact requires, an analysis of this central social concept. Social power is dependent on the existence of various kinds of social phenomena, such as institutions and social structures, in order to exist. Consequently, a precise analysis of these (...)
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  36. Mapping Film-World Relations to Reality : A New Conceptual Cartography.Atene Mendelyte - unknown
    In order to distinguish various film-worlds among themselves and from our intersubjective, shared reality I propose to introduce two parameters: warpedness and enfoldednes. The various ratios between these two parameters serve to create what I call »the film-world map«. The time-imageʼs embeddedness within the temporal dimension is what I mean by strong enfoldedness. A world that is enfolded is a layer hidden within the intersubjective world and has to do with the manifestation of the virtual aspects of the corresponding reality, (...)
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  37. Objects as Subjects : Agency and Performativity in Rituals.Anne-Christine Hornborg - unknown
    In ritual theory, ritual objects have mostly been discussed in terms of symbols and interpretations. But objects that are employed in rituals are not merely passive carriers of attached cultural meanings. In this article I discuss how objects not only become animated but also animate the ritual field. As ritual agents they have important performative functions in the field of transformations. The smoke of burning sage in a ritual setting is not ordinary but sacred smoke, and it does not only (...)
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  38. Friendship in Feminist Conversation.Mia Liinason - unknown
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  39. Does Environmental Economics Produce Aeroplanes Without Engines? On the Need for an Environmental Social Science.H. Folmer & O. Johansson-Stenman - unknown
    In this paper we first critically review conventional environmental economics. We conclude that the standard theory offers too narrow a perspective for many real world problems and that many theories are not empirically tested. Consequently, environmental economics is at risk of producing aeroplanes without engines. Next, we welcome and discuss some recent trends, particularly the rapid developments of behavioural and new institutional economics as well as the increased interest in empirical analysis. Yet, we conclude that more 'logical duels' between competing (...)
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  40. Civilizational Identity: The Production and Reproduction of 'Civilizations' in International Relations.Martin Hall & Patrick Jackson - unknown
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  41. Never Let an Academic Crisis Go to Waste: Leadership Studies in the Wake of Journal Retractions.Sverre Spoelstra, Nick Butler & Helen Delaney - unknown
    In 2014, leadership studies saw the retraction of a number of journal articles written by prominent researchers who are closely associated with popular concepts such as transformational leadership, authentic leadership, ethical leadership and spiritual leadership. In response, The Leadership Quarterly published a lengthy editorial that presented these retractions as a sign of health in a mature scientific field. For the editors of The Leadership Quarterly, there is no crisis in leadership studies. In this paper, we suggest that the editorial is (...)
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  42. Science and Proven Experience : A Swedish Variety of Evidence-Based Medicine?Johannes Persson, Niklas Vareman, Annika Wallin, Lena Wahlberg & Nils-Eric Sahlin - unknown
    A key question for evidence-based medicine is how best to model the way in which EBM should “[integrate] individual clinical expertise and the best external evidence”. We argue that the formulations and models available in the literature today are modest variations on a common theme and face very similar problems. For example, both the early and updated models of evidence-based clinical decisions presented in Haynes, Devereaux and Guyatt assume that EBM consists of, among other things, evidence from clinical research and (...)
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  43. The Contradictions of Love : Towards a Feminist-Realist Ontology of Sociosexuality.Lena Gunnarsson - unknown
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  44. The Contemporary Relevance of Carl Schmitt: Law, Politics, Theology.Leila Brännström, Matilda Arvidsson & Panu Minkinnen - unknown
    What does Carl Schmitt have to offer to ongoing debates about sovereignty, globalization, spatiality, the nature of the political, and political theology? Can Schmitt’s positions and concepts offer insights that might help us understand our concrete present-day situation? Works on Schmitt usually limit themselves to historically isolating Schmitt into his Weimar or post-Weimar context, to reading him together with classics of political and legal philosophy, or to focusing exclusively on a particular aspect of Schmitt’s writings. Bringing together an international, and (...)
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  45. Realistic Metaphysics: An Interview with D. H. Mellor.Anna-Sofia Maurin & Johannes Persson - unknown
    THERE WAS A TIME when many philosophers agreed that metaphysics was dead. Anyone aquatinted with the works of D.H. Mellor knows that the subject is alive and well. Two young philosophers who are familiar with his work, Anna-Sofia Maurin and Johannes Persson, met him in Cambrige for an interview.
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  46. Dynamic Epistemic Logic of Diffusion and Prediction in Threshold Models.Alexandru Baltag, Zoé Christoff, Rasmus Kraemmer Rendsvig & Sonja Smets - unknown
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  47. Borderless Inclusion : Towards an Alternative Understanding of the Phenomenon of Inclusion Within Education.Shirit Tynell - unknown
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  48. The Musical Present: A Polyphonic Philosophical Investigation.Sven Bjerstedt, Hanne Fossum, Susanna Leijonhufvud & Lia Lonnert - 2017 - Nordisk Musikkpedagogisk Forskning: Årbok 17:9-39.
    How can music education be enriched by the concept of time? This article is based on the assumption that the present moment, the musical ‘now’, is of the utmost importance not only to the musical performer or listener but to the musical learner and teacher as well. It aims at a philosophical discussion and conceptual clarification of a number of issues of time that are considered to be crucial to music education through a presentation and discussion of thoughts and concepts (...)
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  49. Critical Realism, Gender and Feminism: Exchanges, Challenges, Synergies.Lena Gunnarsson, Angela Martinez Dy & Michiel van Ingen - 2016 - Journal of Critical Realism 15 (5):433-439.
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  50. Four Types of Altruism.Björn Petersson - unknown
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  51. Participation and the Dynamics of Social Positioning. The Case of Biotechnology.Jana Holsanova - unknown
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  52. Tracking Integration of Text and Picture.Jana Holsanova, Nils Holmberg & Kenneth Holmqvist - unknown
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  53. Beyond Complicity And Denial: Animal Advocacy And The Right To Living Justly.Kurtis Boyer, Guy Scotton & Katherine Wayne - unknown
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  54. Saving Polar Bears and Other Objects.Kurtis Boyer - unknown
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  55. International Environmental Law and the Search for Harmony with Nature: A Critical Inquiry Into the Metaphysical Underpinnings of the Legal Discourse on Environmental Protection.Moa De Lucia Dahlbeck - unknown
    For some time now, the world in general and international law in particular have witnessed one and the same widespread call for action. Both public and private interests claim that present-day standards and technology have proven insufficient for saving the natural environment. From this claim has emerged a call that entreats us to approach the problem of the deteriorating natural environment by including nature into our moral considerations. The current study focuses on analyzing what is arguably one of the most (...)
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  56. The Role of the Cortico-Basal Ganglia-System in Voluntary Movements.Martin Tamté - unknown
    Bodies with multiple limbs and joints have endless possibilities to move around in their surrounding space. How the nervous system controls this amount of degrees of freedom in motor execution is a question under vigorous debate. In an ambition to explore related aspects of motor control we conducted parallel electrophysiological recordings of motor circuits in the cortex and basal ganglia in the consciously behaving rodent during the execution of various motor behaviors. To be able to further explore the relevance of (...)
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  57. The Circumstances of Intergenerational Justice.Eric Brandstedt - 2015 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 2 (1):33-56.
    Some key political challenges today, e.g. climate change, are future oriented. The intergenerational setting differs in some notable ways from the intragenerational one, creating obstacles to theorizing about intergenerational justice. One concern is that as the circumstances of justice do not pertain intergenerationally, intergenerational justice is not meaningful. In this paper, I scrutinize this worry by analysing the presentations of the doctrine of the circumstances of justice by David Hume and John Rawls. I argue that we should accept the upshot (...)
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  58. Preface.Margot Colinet, Sophia Katrenko & Rasmus Kraemmer Rendsvig - unknown
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  59. In Defense of Shame: The Faces of an Emotion.Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen - 2014 - Dialectica 68 (4):609-614.
  60. Rule-Following, Meaning Constitution, and Enaction.Patrizio Lo Presti - 2015 - Human Affairs 25 (1):110-120.
    The paper submits a criticism of the standard formulation of Wittgenstein’s rule-following paradox. According to the standard formulation, influenced by Kripke, the paradox invites us to consider what mental or behavioral items could constitute meaning. The author proposes instead an enactivist understanding of the paradox. On this account there is no essential gap between mental items and behavioral patterns such that the paradox enforces a choice between meaning being constituted either internally ‘in mind,’ or externally ‘in behavior.’ The paper begins (...)
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  61. Bratman, Searle, and Simplicity : Comments on Bratman, Shared Agency, Planning Theory of Acting Together.Björn Petersson - 2015 - Journal of Social Ontology 1 (1):27–37.
    Michael Bratman’s work is established as one of the most important philosophical approaches to group agency so far, and Shared Agency, A Planning Theory of Acting Together confirms that impression. In this paper I attempt to challenge the book’s central claim that considerations of theoretical simplicity will favor Bratman’s theory of collective action over its main rivals. I do that, firstly, by questioning whether there must be a fundamental difference in kind between Searle style we-intentions and I-intentions within that type (...)
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  62. Comments to "Knowledge, Friendship and Social Announcements".Carlo Proietti - unknown
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  63. Out of the Blue: The Spectral Sensitivity of Hummingbird Hawkmoths.Francismeire Jane Telles, Olle Lind, Miriam Henze, Miguel Angel Rodríguez-Gironés, Joaquin Goyret & Almut Kelber - unknown
    The European hummingbird hawkmoth Macroglossum stellatarum is a diurnal nectar forager like the honeybee, and we expect similarities in their sensory ecology. Using behavioural tests and electroretinograms, we studied the spectral sensitivity of M. stellatarum. By measuring ERGs in the dark-adapted eye and after adaptation to green light, we determined that M. stellatarum has ultraviolet, blue and green receptors maximally sensitive at 349, 440 and 521 nm, and confirmed that green receptors are most frequent in the retina. To determine the (...)
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  64. Rediscovering Grounded Theory.Jan Hartman & Barry Gibson - unknown
    Rediscovering Grounded Theory is a bold re-evaluation of the origins of grounded theory, a philosophical clarification of its key ideas and a presentation of the most effective way to use its techniques in your research. It answers questions such as 'What should grounded theory look like?', 'How do I recognise grounded theory?' and 'How do I produce good grounded theory?' by returning to the original ideas as they were presented by Glaser and Strauss. Sharp, clear and thought-provoking, the book includes: (...)
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  65. Causally Redundant Social Objects.Tobias Hansson Wahlberg - 2014 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 44 (6):798-809.
    In Elder-Vass’s response to my it is maintained: that a social object is not identical with but is merely composed of its suitably interrelated parts; that a social object is necessarily indistinguishable in terms of its causal capacities from its interrelated parts; and that ontological individualism lacks an adequate ontological justification. In this reply, I argue that in view of the so-called redescription principle defended by Elder-Vass ought to be reformulated and renamed; that the conjunction of and renders social objects (...)
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  66. The Contribution of Single and Double Cones to Spectral Sensitivity in Budgerigars During Changing Light Conditions.Olle Lind, Johanna Chavez & Almut Kelber - unknown
    Bird colour vision is mediated by single cones, while double cones and rods mediate luminance vision in bright and dim light, respectively. In daylight conditions, birds use colour vision to discriminate large objects such as fruit and plumage patches, and luminance vision to detect fine spatial detail and motion. However, decreasing light intensity favours achromatic mechanisms and eventually, in dim light, luminance vision outperforms colour vision in all visual tasks. We have used behavioural tests in budgerigars to investigate how single (...)
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  67. Quality of Government: Toward a More Complex Definition.Marcus Agnafors - unknown
  68. Technoscience Comes to Lund: ESS and the Enlighenment Vision.Victoria Höög - unknown
    In 2019 the first neutrons will be fired at the ESS plant, at least to its present plan, located in the outskirts of Lund, the brightest neutron facility in the world. In the scientists’ self-images, this kind of high technology and international cooperative knowledge production is entitled Big Science or Global Science. The concept “technoscience” isn’t used. This chapter will discuss if the concept technoscience makes aspects visible of 21st-century knowledge production that the other labels excludes. My claim is that (...)
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  69. In the Eye of the Beholder: Visual Communication From a Recipient Perspective.Jana Holsanova - unknown
    Why do viewers perceive and interpret visuals differently despite common perceptual and cognitive mechanisms? The article addresses a number of challenges in visual communication and underlines the need for empirical analyses from a recipient perspective. Perception and interpretation of visuals is seen as an interactive meeting between the recipient, the multimodal message and the situational context. The form and contents of the visual message serves as a starting point. However, even personal characteristics of the viewers modulate perception and interpretation of (...)
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  70. Money, Money, Money.Frank Zenker - unknown
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  71. Tracking Visual Segmentation: Connecting Semiotic and Cognitive Perspectives.Morten Boeriis & Jana Holsanova - unknown
    This article introduces a new methodology for deriving the dynamics of visual segmentation in relation to the underlying cognitive processes involved. The method combines social semiotics approaches to visual segmentation with eye-tracking studies on authentic image viewing and simultaneous image description. The authors' thesis is that visual segmentation suggested by the social semiotic approach is traceable in the behaviour of the viewers who perceive images while creating meaning. From this perspective, visual zooming is seen as both perceptually, cognitively, grammatically and (...)
     
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  72. Climate Rights - Feasible or Not?Eric Brandstedt & Anna-Karin Bergman - 2013 - Environmental Politics 22 (3):394-409.
    Scholars have argued that we have compelling reasons to combat climate change because it threatens human rights, referred to here as ‘climate rights’. The prospects of climate rights are analysed assuming two basic desiderata: its accuracy in capturing the normative dimension of climate change ; and its ability to generate political measures. In order for climate rights to meet these desiderata certain conditions must be satisfied: important human interests are put at risk by global climate change; there is an identified (...)
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  73. Quantification and Anaphora in Natural Language.Gabriel Sandu & Justine Jacot - unknown
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  74. The Philosophy of Information.Staffan Angere - unknown
  75. Deduction, Induction, Conduction. An Attempt at Unifying Natural Language Argument Structures.Frank Zenker - unknown
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  76. From Meehl to Fast and Frugal Heuristics : New Insights Into How to Bridge the Clinical–Actuarial Divide.Katsikopoulos Konstantinos, Pachur Thorsten, Machery Eduard & Annika Wallin - unknown
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  77. The Developmental Origin of Metacognition.Ingar Brinck & Rikard Liljenfors - 2013 - Infant and Child Development 22:85-101.
    We explain metacognition as a management of cognitive resources that does not necessitate algorithmic strategies or metarepresentation. When pragmatic, world-directed actions cannot reduce the distance to the goal, agents engage in epistemic action directed at cognition. Such actions often are physical and involve other people, and so are open to observation. Taking a dynamic systems approach to development, we suggest that implicit and perceptual metacognition emerges from dyadic reciprocal interaction. Early intersubjectivity allows infants to internalize and construct rudimentary strategies for (...)
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  78. Good and Good For.Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen - 2017 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.
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  79. A Naturalistic Approach to the Generality Problem.Erik J. Olsson - unknown
  80. The Modifier Effect and Property Mutability.James A. Hampton, Alessia Passanisi & Martin Jönsson - unknown
    The modifier effect is the reduction in perceived likelihood of a generic property sentence, when the head noun is modified. We investigated the prediction that the modifier effect would be stronger for mutable than for central properties, without finding evidence for this predicted interaction over the course of five experiments. However Experiment 6, which provided a brief context for the modified concepts to lend them greater credibility, did reveal the predicted interaction. It is argued that the modifier effect arises primarily (...)
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  81. Eye Movements as an Indicator of Spoken Language Processes.Richard Andersson & Philip Diderichsen - unknown
  82. Subjectivism, Ethical.David Alm - unknown
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  83. Contexts of Language Diversity.Ingar Brinck - unknown
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  84. The Best Swimmers Drown – Mechanisms and Epistemic Risks: A Constructive Critique of Elster.Johannes Persson - unknown
    According to Jon Elster, mechanisms are frequently occurring and easily recognizable causal patterns that are triggered under generally unknown conditions or with indeterminate consequences. In the absence of laws, moreover, mechanisms provide explanations. In this paper I argue that Elster’s view has difficulties with progressing knowledge. Normally, filling in the causal picture without revising it should not threaten one’s explanation. But this seems to be Elster’s case. The critique is constructive in the sense that it is built up from a (...)
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  85. A Philosophical View on Concepts in Psychiatry.Helge Malmgren, Susanna Radovic, Henrik Thorén & Bjorn Haglund - unknown
    This essay first outlines a philosophical theory of concepts and then applies it to two areas of relevance to psychiatrists, especially forensic psychiatrists. In the philosophical theory, the respective roles of verbal and non-verbal definitions are illuminated, and the importance of the phenomenon of division of semantic labour is stressed. It is pointed out that vagueness and ambiguity of a term often result when the term is used for several practical purposes at the same time. Such multi-purpose uses of terms (...)
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  86. The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology.Johan Brännmark - unknown
  87. Editor's Introduction.Erik J. Olsson & Sebastian Enqvist - unknown
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  88. Treating Kuhn’s Gap with Critical Contextualism. Review of William Rehg . Cogent Science in Context. The Science Wars, Argumentation Theory and Habermas, Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. [REVIEW]Frank Zenker - unknown
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  89. Researching Virtual Environments and Virtual Characters.Agneta Gulz - unknown
  90. Understanding Cognition by Building Robots.Christian Balkenius, Magnus Johnson & Birger Johansson - unknown
  91. Primates, a Cog in Cognitive Science.Tomas Persson - unknown
  92. If in Doubt, Treat'em Equally.Wlodek Rabinowicz - unknown
    Presumption of Equality requires that individuals be treated equally in the absence of relevant information that would discriminate between them. Our objective is to make this principle more precise, if viewed as a principle of fairness, and to determine why and under what conditions it should be obeyed. Presumption norms are procedural constraints, but their justification can be sought in the possible or expected outcomes of the procedures they regulate. This is the avenue pursued here. The suggestion is that in (...)
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  93. Communication, Cognition and Technology.Peter Gärdenfors & Jana Holsanova - unknown
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  94. To Tell and to Show: The Interplay of Language and Visualisations in Communication.Jana Holsanova, Roger Johansson & Kenneth Holmqvist - unknown
  95. Moral Repair: Reconstructing Moral Relations After Wrongdoing.Johan Brännmark - unknown
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