OAI Archive: OpenstarTs
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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "OpenstarTs"
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- McPherson David, The Aim of Philosophy: Satisfying Curiosity or Attaining Salvation?In this essay I begin with remarks made by Bernard Williams that there are two main motives for philosophy, curiosity and salvation, and that he is not ‘into salvation’. I seek to make the case for the claim that philosophy, at its best, should aim at a kind of ‘salvation’. In the first section, I discuss the problematic character of the world that philosophy should aim to address as a matter of seeking a kind of salvation. I identify this as (...)
- Theo D’Haen, Space as Live Experience in Postcolonial Literature. Retellings of the Caribbean.The starting point of this lecture is Hegel’s analysis of the human being as embodied spirit, located in a here that is now, which points to a philosophy of the human environmental spaces that provides the geographical basis of his Philosophy of world history. The paper retraces how the position that natural location occupies in the imaginary of a particular period in European history figures in some fictions relating to the Caribbean and the related literary studies or re-writings. In particular, (...)No categories
- Cinzia Ferrini, From Disparagement to Appreciation: Shifting Paradigms and Interdisciplinary Openings in Interpreting Hegel’s Philosophy of Nature.This paper recounts a dramatic paradigm shift in the debate on the value and significance of Hegel’s Philosophy of Nature, from the harsh criticism it faced over the past two centuries to its reappraisal, in the last three decades, through both the vindication of Hegel’s competence in the empirical sciences and the appreciation of his assessment of organic life and habitat, at the intersection with anthropology. The paper concludes with the most recent trends in scholarship, which focus on the problem (...)
- Paolo Parrini, Some Replies to Questions Posed by Students.Answering to the questions posed by students, I clarify my position on four main topics: the pragmatic maxim; the relation between my conception of truth on one hand, and epistemic conceptions of truth and the idea of the convergence of our cognitive efforts on the other; the skeptical challenge; the relationship between science and philosophy.No categories
- Cinzia Ferrini, Approaching Contemporary Philosophical Problems Historically: On Idealisms, Realisms, and Pragmatisms.As guest editor of this special issue of Esercizi Filosofici, the author introduces Kenneth R. Westphal’s and Paolo Parrini’s position papers on pragmatism, idealism and realism by elucidating the background and rationale of the workshop she organized on 29 April, 2015 at the Department of Humanities of the University of Trieste, within the framework of her undergraduate course in «History of Modern and Contemporary Philosophy». The Appendix lists questions posed by students and by the audience, to which the invited speakers (...)No categories
- Elisa Cavazza, Equivocations of Nature: Naess, Latour, Nāgārjuna.This work brings together quite heterogeneous sources for reasons, which at first glance seem marginal. For example, without delving too deeply into Naess’ problems Latour uses his constructs to sweep them aside. Another example is how Naess makes multiple references to Nāgārjuna’s emptiness of own-nature in order to illustrate his relationism. Nevertheless, there are more important structural and philosophical reasons for bringing these three together. These are collected around two primary research points. Firstly, we want to offer an articulation of (...)No categories
- Antonio-Maria Nunziante, Naturalismo E Neuroscienze. Sulla Genesi Storica di Un Legame Teorico.The first part of the paper offers an historical reconstruction of the relationship between philosophy and neuroscience. The goal of this part is to show that such relationship has been generated on the basis of a theoretical common ground; that this common story was essentially tied to the American philosophical naturalism; that naturalism entails a metaphilosophical constraint, such that between philosophy and the natural sciences subsists a strong cognitive asymmetry. In the second part of the paper, it has been taken (...)No categories
- Arnold Eckhart, Simulation Models of the Evolution of Cooperation as Proofs of Logical Possibilities. How Useful Are They?This paper discusses critically what simulation models of the evolution of cooperation can possibly prove by examining Axelrod’s “Evolution of Cooperation” (1984) and the modeling tradition it has inspired. Hardly any of the many simulation models of the evolution of cooperation in this tradition have been applicable empirically. Axelrod’s role model suggested a research design that seemingly allowed to draw general conclusions from simulation models even if the mechanisms that drive the simulation could not be identified empirically. But this research (...)
- Jesús P. Zamora Bonilla, Cooperation, Competition, and the Contractarian View of Scientific Research.Using the approach known as ‘Economics of Scientific Knowledge’, this paper defends the view of scientific norms as the result of a ‘social contract’, i.e., as an equilibrium in the (second order) game of selecting the norms under which to proceed to play the (first order) game of scientific research and publication. A categorisation of the relevant types of scientific norms is offered, as well as a discussion about the incentives of the researchers in choosing some or other alternative rules.No categories