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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Oxford University Research Archive"

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  1. Verification, Falsification and Cancellation in KT.Timothy Williamson - unknown
    The main result of this paper is that KT is closed under a cancellation principle. This result extends to KTG1, but it does not extend to modal systems associated with the provability interpretation of L, such as KW and KT4Grz. Following Williamson, these results are applied to philosophical concerns about the proper form for theories of meaning, via the interpretation of L as some kind of veriflability. The cancellation principle can then be read as saying that verifilability conditions and falsiflability (...)
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  2. Why Einstein Did Not Believe That General Relativity Geometrizes Gravity.Dennis Lehmkuhl - unknown
    I argue that, contrary to folklore, Einstein never really cared for geometrizing the gravitational or the electromagnetic field; indeed, he thought that the very statement that General Relativity geometrizes gravity “is not saying anything at all”. Instead, I shall show that Einstein saw the “unification” of inertia and gravity as one of the major achievements of General Relativity. Interestingly, Einstein did not locate this unification in the field equations but in his interpretation of the geodesic equation, the law of motion (...)
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  3. Divided Brians and Unified Phenomenology: A Review Essay on Michael Tye's Consciousness and Persons.Tim Bayne - unknown
    In _Consciousness and persons_, Michael Tye. Consciousness and persons. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.) develops and defends a novel approach to the unity of consciousness. Rather than thinking of the unity of consciousness as involving phenomenal relations between distinct experiences, as standard accounts do, Tye argues that we should regard the unity of consciousness as involving relations between the contents of consciousness. Having developed an account of what it is for consciousness to be unified, Tye goes on to apply his account (...)
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  4. Puzzles of Discourse inBeing and Time: Minding Gaps in Understanding.Roxana Baiasu - 2009 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 17 (5):681-706.
    This paper takes issue with Heidegger's claim that discourse and understanding are equally basic in the constitution of our making sense of the world. I argue that Heidegger cannot consistently establish this claim, and that discourse can be thought of as being more basic than understanding. The proposed line of thinking has the advantage of shedding light on both the finitude and the normativity of our making sense of the world. Thus, by setting up an exchange with the later Wittgenstein's (...)
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  5. Knowing and Understanding: Relations Between Meaning and Truth, Meaning and Necessary Truth, Meaning and Synthetic Necessary Truth.Aaron Sloman & D. F. Pears - unknown
    The avowed aim of the thesis is to show that there are some synthetic necessary truths, or that synthetic apriori knowledge is possible. This is really a pretext for an investigation into the general connection between meaning and truth, or between understanding and knowing, which, as pointed out in the preface, is really the first stage in a more general enquiry concerning meaning. After the preliminaries, in which the problem is stated and some methodological remarks made, the investigation proceeds in (...)
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  6. The Literature Police: Apartheid Censorship and its Cultural Consequences.Peter D. McDonald - unknown
    This website is a supplement to Peter D. McDonald’s book The Literature Police: Apartheid Censorship and its Cultural Consequences, which was first published by Oxford University Press in February 2009. It is intended for anyone curious to know more about the subject and for those interested in doing further research into the vast topic of apartheid censorship.
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  7. Quantifiers and Context-Dependence.Jason Stanley & Timothy Williamson - unknown
    Let DDQ be the thesis that definite descriptions are quantifiers. Philosophers often deny DDQ because they believe that quantifiers do not depend on context in certain ways, ways in which definite descriptions do depend on context. In this paper, we examine one such argument, which, if sound, would entail the negation of DDQ.We show that this argument fails, and draw some consequences from its failure.
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  8. Neuroreductionism About Sex and Love.Brian D. Earp & Julian Savulescu - unknown
    "Neuroreductionism" is the tendency to reduce complex mental phenomena to brain states, confusing correlation for physical causation. In this paper, we illustrate the dangers of this popular neuro-fallacy, by looking at an example drawn from the media: a story about "hypoactive sexual desire disorder" in women. We discuss the role of folk dualism in perpetuating such a confusion, and draw some conclusions about the role of "brain scans" in our understanding of romantic love.
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  9. Reference, Inference and the Semantics of Pejoratives.Timothy Williamson, Joseph Almog & Paolo Leonardi - unknown
    The full-text of this book chapter is not available in ORA. Citation: Williamson, T.. Reference, inference and the semantics of pejoratives. In: Almog, J. & Leonardi, P. The Philosophy of David Kaplan. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 137-158.
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  10. A Note on Satisfaction, Truth and the Empty Domain.Timothy Williamson - unknown
    An attractive principle about domains of quantification is the analogue of the Separation Axiom in set theory: restricting a domain by an arbitrary predicate yields a domain. In particular, restricting a domain by a predicate that applies to nothing yields a domain. Thus if there is a nonempty domain, there is an empty domain. But semantics for the empty domain involves some neglected subtleties. Untangling them requires us to revise the usual definition of truth in a model, avoiding the detour (...)
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  11. Solipsism and Subjectivity.A. W. Moore - unknown
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  12. Williams on Ethics, Knowledge, and Reflection.Moore Adrian - unknown
    Kant, in his third Critique, confronts the issue of how rule-governed objective judgement is possible. He argues that it requires a particular kind of aesthetic response to one's experience. I dub this response 'the Feeling of Unity', and I raise the question whether it is a type of inexpressible knowledge. Using David Bell's account of these matters as a touchstone, I argue that it is.
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  13. Comments on Michael William's Contextualism, Externalism and Epistemic Standards.Timothy Williamson - unknown
    The full-text of this article is not currently available in ORA, but the original publication is available at springerlink.com.
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  14. Nietzsche's Style of Address: A Response to Christopher Janaway's Beyond Selflessness.Stephen Mulhall - unknown
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  15. The Neural Basis of Intuitive and Counterintuitive Moral Judgment.Guy Kahane, Katja Wiech, Nicholas Shackel, Miguel Farias, Julian Savulescu & Irene Tracey - unknown
    Neuroimaging studies on moral decision-making have thus far largely focused on differences between moral judgments with opposing utilitarian and deontological content. However, these studies have investigated moral dilemmas involving extreme situations, and did not control for two distinct dimensions of moral judgment: whether or not it is intuitive and whether it is utilitarian or deontological in content. By contrasting dilemmas where utilitarian judgments are counterintuitive with dilemmas in which they are intuitive, we were able to use functional magnetic resonances imaging (...)
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