OAI Archive: Publikationer från Uppsala Universitet

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Publikationer från Uppsala Universitet"

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  1. Indicators and Criteria of Consciousness in Animals and Intelligent Machines : An Inside-Out Approach.Cyriel Pennartz, Michele Farisco & Kathinka Evers - 2019 - Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience 13.
    In today’s society, it becomes increasingly important to assess which non-human and non-verbal beings possess consciousness. This review article aims to delineate criteria for consciousness especially in animals, while also taking into account intelligent artifacts. First, we circumscribe what we mean with “consciousness” and describe key features of subjective experience: qualitative richness, situatedness, intentionality and interpretation, integration and the combination of dynamic and stabilizing properties. We argue that consciousness has a biological function, which is to present the subject with a (...)
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  2. The Structure of the Virtues : A Study of Thomas Aquinas’s and Godfrey of Fontaines's Accounts of Moral Goodness.Alexander Stöpfgeshoff - 2018 - Dissertation, Uppsala University
    This dissertation is a study of Thomas Aquinas’s and Godfrey of Fontaines’s moral philosophies. In this study, I conduct a detailed analysis of two Aristotelian commitments concerning the character virtues, namely, The Plurality of the Character Virtues and The Connection of the Character Virtues. Both Aquinas and Godfrey think that there are many distinct character virtues, however, one cannot possess these character virtues in separation from each other. In Chapter I, it is established that Aquinas believes in the plurality of (...)
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  3. How Can We Know Anything in Questions of Morality? : A Critical Assessment of Rainer Forst’s Theory of Justification.Emma Jakobsson - unknown
    When discussing any question in which a human being has a moral claim or a moral choice to make we need to address the justification of those claims and actions. Hence one can ask the question whether we can discuss a justification of moral judgments without having any specific knowledge about any corresponding fact or if it is possible to justify a moral judgment without having that kind of knowledge. This thesis has critically assessed Rainer Forst’s justification theory in relation (...)
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  4. Form and Philosophy in Sándor Weöres' Poetry.Fahlström Susanna - unknown
    This dissertation, by presenting comprehensive analyses of six poems by the Hungarian poet Sándor Weöres, investigates the poetical forms and the poetical philosophies in these texts. The poems represent specific philosophic spheres of Weöres' poetry. The analyses emerge from the formal elements, and aim to shed light upon the structural coherences between the texts and their philosophical contexts. This method of analysis also complies with Weöres' views on the aesthetics of poetics and his method of writing, where form and structure (...)
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  5. Between Democracy and Nationality : Citizenship Policies in the Lisbon Ruling.Goldoni Marco & Mindus Patricia - unknown
    When the German constitutional court expressed itself in the Lisbon ruling, on the 30th of June 2009, the famous German newspaper Der Bild published the corrosive headline “the end of federalism”. The aim of this paper is to present and discuss the arguments of the Court concerning the nature of the EU as a confederation, the illegitimacy of further development towards a federal state and the determination of the EU’s ‘core competences’, in order to shed light on why, within the (...)
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  6. The Intuition of Neutrality and Consequentialist Thinking : Potential Antinatalist Implications.Pettersson Karl - unknown
    Many people seem to share some version of what has been called the “intuition of neutrality” aboutcreating new people, which, roughly, says that there exists a certain range of levels of well-beingsuch that creating people within this range is, in itself, morally neutral, but creating people with alevel of well-being outside this range is not morally neutral. In this paper, I will discuss differentinterpretations of this intuition, and specifically distinguish between what I will call counterfactualinterpretations and Do-interpretations of the intuition. (...)
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  7. Dimensions of Citizenship.Mindus Patricia - unknown
    The Maastricht Treaty first introduced the status of EU citizenship. The twentieth anniversary of the signing of the Treaty, marked in 2013, was declared the European Year of the Citizen. Union citizenship has been understood as the world’s first post-national citizenship, although it is still complementary to national citizenships. EU citizens enjoy rights that have been expanded, modified, and reinterpreted in light of the EU integration process. The Court of Justice of the European Union has been a driving force in (...)
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  8. Are Judas the Galilean and the "Fourth Philosophy" Mere Concoctions? : The Limits of Josephus' Inventiveness.Bermejo-Rubio Fernando - 2016 - Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok 81:91-111.
    It is well known that Josephus was not at all a dispassionate historian. There are biases and heavy interests modeling his accounts. Nevertheless, the claim that Judas the Galilean and the Fourth Philosophy are nothing but Josephus’ fabrication is an exceedingly bold contention. In this article it is argued that the initial skepticism towards that contention is fully justified. On the basis of a whole set of arguments it is concluded that the traditional view, according to which the core of (...)
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  9. Displacing the Subject of Knowledge.Boberg Johan - unknown
    This paper examines Foucault’s attempt to displace the constitutive role of the subject of knowledge and to replace it with the concrete practices that constitute subjects. The prevalent tendency to transform discourse analysis into a new form of epistemology, here exemplified through the works of Paul Veyne, is criticized. It is suggested that Veyne’s reading of Foucault is subject to an illusion similar to what Kant once called “transcendental illusion,” and gives rise to a new form of metaphysics which repeats (...)
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  10. Moral Skepticism and the Benacerraf Challenge.Tersman Folke - unknown
    The Benacerraf challenge is a well-known objection to Platonism in mathematics. Its proponent argues that, if mathematical entities are, as Platonists claim, mind-independent, causally inert, and existent beyond space and time, then we are led to a skeptical stance according to which it is not possible to explain how it is that we have cognitive access to the mathematical realm or how it is that our mathematical beliefs are reliable. It has been argued that a similar objection could be leveled (...)
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  11. The Question of Finding a Merciful God : Understanding Martin Luther's Relation to Metaphysics and Ontology.Myrén Anna - unknown
    “The question of finding a merciful God. Understanding Martin Luther’s relation to metaphysics and ontology” Myrén, Anna. 2017, Master’s Thesis, 30 credits. E-mail: annamyren@live.se The Department of Theology, Uppsala University, Engelska Parken, Thunbergsv. 3B, Box 511, SE-751 20 UPPSALA, Sweden, info@teol.uu.se This thesis examines arguments and premises for understanding Luther’s relationship to metaphysics and ontology. The main theoretical sources are firstly research that, on the one hand argue that Luther’s doctrine of justification has ontological structures and on the other treat (...)
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  12. The Right to Live in the Community as the Right to Have Rights.Gradwohl Csilla - unknown
    The present thesis explores Article 19 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, which recognizes the right of all persons with disabilities to live in the community, with choices equal to others. The relationship between Article 19 and the other articles of the Convention are explored, in order to discuss the role of Article 19 in the Convention. The thesis examines whether the right to live in the community, set out in Article 19, can be (...)
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  13. The Sovereignty of Subjectivity : Pursuing a Philosophically Optimal Justification of Claims Affirming the Existence of Universal Human Rights.Reagan Anders - unknown
    The United Nation’s mandate to engineer international peacecraft is correlated with the promotion of universal human rights. Universal human rights are held to apply consistently to everyone everywhere without conceivable exception. There is some debate as to whether universal human rights possibly exist. This debate centers around two difficulties: 1) the task of identifying a single trait or capability that all human beings necessarily share, and 2) the task of relating human rights to this trait or capability. Conventional epistemic justifications (...)
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  14. Over-Determination and Act-Consequentialism.Jedenheim Edling Magnus - unknown
    This dissertation is a discussion of the challenge that cases of over-determination pose to Act-Consequentialism. Although there are many realistic examples of such cases – for example, pollution, overfishing, or the election of an inappropriate politician – I consider structurally purer examples, one of which I call “Case One.” Suppose that you and I independently shoot and kill a third person called “Victim.” Our bullets arrive at the same time and each shot would have killed Victim by itself. Finally, Victim (...)
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  15. Responsibility, Paternalism and Alcohol Interlocks.Grill Kalle & Nihlén Fahlquist Jessica - unknown
    Drink driving causes great suffering and material destruction. The alcohol interlock promises to eradicate this problem by technological design. Traditional counter-measures to drink driving such as policing and punishment and information campaigns have proven insufficient. Extensive policing is expensive and intrusive. Severe punishment is disproportionate to the risks created in most single cases. If the interlock becomes inexpensive and convenient enough, and if there are no convincing moral objections to the device, it may prove the only feasible as well as (...)
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  16. Legitimate Legal Authority and the Obligation to Obey : An Analysis of Joseph Raz´s Arguments on Legitimate Authority.Molin Emma - unknown
    Two central issues in literature discussing legal authority seems to the the questions of what the law has when it has authority and under what conditions the law can be said to have authority. This thesis analyses an answer to these two questions as it has been developed by legal philosopher Joseph Raz. The analysis is conducted through scrutinizing the relation within and between three central concepts in Raz´s theory on legal authority; authority as normative power, the service conception and (...)
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  17. Hizmet Educational Philosophy in the Example of a Hizmet-Inspired School; Hayskolen : Could Hizmet Educational Philosophy Be an Alternative Solution to Criminality and Radicalism Among Immigrant-Origin Youths?Kaya Ibrahim - unknown
    Turkey-origin families in Denmark have long been suffering for their children’s future due to the challenges of criminal gangs and violent religious extremist organizations. Hizmet movement which is a non-governmental civic movement offers a solution to the afore-mentioned problems of youths through education. Hizmet movement is a voluntary, transnational, faith-inspired civil movement which was founded in Turkey 50 years ago by a Muslim scholar and preacher Fethullah Gülen and now is globally active. The purpose of this thesis is to understand (...)
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  18. Understanding, Desirability and Truth : Configurative and Evolutionary Perspectives on ‘Understanding’.Johan Marticki - unknown
    This paper examines how human beings may be able to reach certain kinds of understanding. On either side of the how, a cognitive apparatus and evidence will be theoretically presupposed. Though this examination will frequently spill over into the domains of cognition and evidence, there is no presupposition that the solution will be found exclusively in either; rather, answers will be sought in a conceptually unprejudiced how.
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  19. The Reliability of Moral Intuitions: A Challenge From Neuroscience.Folke Tersman - 2008 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (3):389-405.
    A recent study of moral intuitions, performed by Joshua Greene and a group of researchers at Princeton University, has recently received a lot of attention. Greene and his collaborators designed a set of experiments in which subjects were undergoing brain scanning as they were asked to respond to various practical dilemmas. They found that contemplation of some of these cases elicited greater activity in certain areas of the brain associated with emotions compared with the other cases. It has been argued (...)
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  20. Space Syntax and Geography : A Question of Logic and Dialectics.Sara Westin - unknown
  21. Lean Management : Consultant Perspective on the Concept.Oshrit Liebech Schwartz & Christian Söderberg - unknown
    Lean has become a popular management concept in the last decade, especially in the management consultant industry in Sweden. However, regardless of the popularity, it has been criticized in academia for its inconsistency. Researchers have questioned the validity for Lean as a concept. The lack of consistency in the management literature also makes Lean a target for misinterpretation by practitioners, which also influences the success rate for implementing the concept. Success in the implementation stage is critical and management consultants are (...)
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  22. F. A. Hayek's Critique of Legislation.Cyril Holm - unknown
    The dissertation concerns F. A. Hayek’s critique of legislation. The purpose of the investigation is to clarify and assess that critique. I argue that there is in Hayek’s work a critique of legislation that is distinct from his well-known critique of social planning. Further that the main claim of this critique is what I refer to as Hayek’s legislation tenet, namely that legislation that aims to achieve specific aggregate results in complex orders of society will decrease the welfare level. The (...)
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  23. An Evolutionary Argument Against Physicalism : Or Some Advice to Jaegwon Kim and Alvin Plantinga.Christoffer Skogholt - unknown
    According to the dominant tradition in Christianity and many other religions, human beings are both knowers and actors: beings with conscious beliefs about the world who sometimes act intentionally guided by these beliefs. According to philosopher of mind Robert Cummins the “received view” among philosophers of mind is epiphenomenalism, according to which mental causation does not exist: neural events are the underlying causes of both behavior and belief which explains the correlation (not causation) between belief and behavior. Beliefs do not, (...)
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  24. Ethics in Occupational Health : Deliberations of an International Workgroup Addressing Challenges in an African Context.Leslie London, Godfrey Tangwa, Reginald Matchaba-Hove, Nhlanhla Mkhize, Remi Nwabueze, Aceme Nyika & Peter Westerholm - unknown
    Background: International codes of ethics play an important role in guiding professional practice in developing countries. In the occupational health setting, codes developed by international agencies have substantial import on protecting working populations from harm. This is particularly so under globalisation which has transformed processes of production in fundamental ways across the globe. As part of the process of revising the Ethical Code of the International Commission on Occupational Health, an Africa Working Group addressed key challenges for the relevance and (...)
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  25. On the Nature of Time : A Biopragmatic Perspective on Language, Thought, and Reality.Nils B. Thelin - unknown
    This book is a synthesis of more than three decades of research into the concept of time and its semiotic nature. If traditional philosophy – and philosophy of time should be no exception – in the shadow of advancing biology can be said to have reached an impasse, one important reason for this, in harmony with Wittgenstein’s vision, appears to have been its lack of appropriate tools for explicating language. The present theory of time proceeds, accordingly, from the exploration of (...)
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  26. Explorations of University Physics in Abstract Contexts : From de Sitter Space to Learning Space.Daniel Domert - unknown
    This is a thesis which contributes to research in two different fields: theoretical physics and physics education research. The common link between these two research areas is that both involve explorations of abstract physics and mathematical representations, but from different perspectives. The first part of this thesis is situated in theoretical physics. Here a cosmological scenario is explored where a de Sitter phase is replaced with a phase described with a scale factor a ~ tq, where 1/3<1. This scenario could (...)
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