OAI Archive: Scientific Electronic Library Online - Brazil

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Scientific Electronic Library Online - Brazil"

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  1. The Traite Des Trois Imposteurs: A Philosophical Plot, or Translation as Strategy of Enlightenment.Sonja Lavaert - 2019 - Cadernos de Tradução 39 (1).
    This contribution focuses on the complex origin and publication history of the clandestine treatise Traité des trois imposteurs that put into motion the process of the radical Enlightenment. The treatise consists almost completely of a compilation of paraphrases and quotations of heterodox texts of the 17th century. A summary will be made of the most important source texts assembled in the collage. One of them is Vanini’s De Admirandis Naturae Reginae Deaeque Mortalium Arcanis from 1619 on which the analysis will (...)
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  2. Abductive Reasoning: A Contribution to Knowledge Creation in Education.Javier Nunez Moscoso - 2019 - Cadernos de Pesquisa 49 (171).
    Based on an epistemological discussion, this paper aims to show the contribution of abduction as a scientific procedure in the educational field. To that end, I explain how scientific research approaches and processes are founded on the three types of logical inference: deduction, induction and abduction, all of which underpin knowledge building and the role of both science and researchers. Firstly, I describe the specific features of abduction according to Peirce’s philosophical system. Then, I illustrate its implementation in a study (...)
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  3. The Presence of the Father in the Kangaroo Method.Thais Rosental Gabriel Lopes, Viviane Euzébia Pereira Santos & Jovanka Bittencourt Leite de Carvalho - 2019 - Escola Anna Nery 23 (3).
    ABSTRACT Objective: To reflect about the father’s experience close to the premature son using the kangaroo method under the referential of Merleau-Ponty. Method: Theoretical-reflexive study based on the phenomenology of perception and behavior proposed by Merleau-Ponty and relevant literature. Results: To live the prematurity with the son using the kangaroo method, provides for the father to recognize himself as a being in the world. His intentions regarding the care are demonstrated through the skin to skin contact and the associated care (...)
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  4. Organizational Learning in Practice-Based Studies Approach: Review of Scientific Production.Daniela G. Durante, Fabiana R. Veloso, Diego Q. Machado, Augusto C. A. Cabral & Sandra M. Santos - 2019 - RAM. Revista de Administração Mackenzie 20 (2).
    ABSTRACT Purpose: To review the scientific production on organizational learning, which made use of the practice-based studies approach, concerning the production evolution, the author's profile, methodological characteristics, and correlated themes. Originality/value: Organizational learning presents gaps regarding contributions from other areas, such as Sociology. Practice Based Studies have the sociological bias and the social space as a locus of learning processes and knowledge generation. No studies have been identified that review the national scientific production on organizational learning in the PBS context, (...)
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  5. Research-Interference: A Nomad Mode for Researching in Health.Eluana Borges Leitão de Figueiredo, Eliane Oliveira de Andrade, Marcela Pimenta Muniz & Ana Lúcia Abrahão - 2019 - Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem 72 (2).
    ABSTRACT Objective: to discuss search-interference, whose processes are related to the field of health and the social field. Method: theoretical essay used as basis in the philosophy of difference represented by the philosophers Baruch Espinosa and Gilles Deleuze. Results: the present reflection resulted from the meeting of studies from the nursing field that deal with the production of knowledge based on the interference mode. The endeavor of crossing studies produced a theoretical composition presented in three plateaus: interference, a research that (...)
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  6. Human Care in Light of Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology.Patricia Anjos Lima de Carvalho, Sâmia de Carliris Barbosa Malhado, Tatiane Oliveira de Souza Constâncio, Ícaro José Santos Ribeiro, Rita Narriman Silva de Oliveira Boery & Edite Lago da Silva Sena - 2019 - Texto and Contexto - Enfermagem 28.
    ABSTRACT Objective: to reflect on Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s notion of intersubjectivity as a potential reference to researches and actions directed to human care. Method: a reflexive analysis addressing three thematic areas: intersubjectivity and the holistic care; intersubjectivity and interdisciplinarity within the context of care; and description of experiences related to the own body within the context of health care. Results: the discussion presents structuring elements of Merleau-Ponty’s notion of intersubjectivity, such as: dialogue, respect, bond, and language. On the other hand, it (...)
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  7. Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms: Critical Analysis.Gabriela Lisieux Lima Gomes, Fabiana Maria Rodrigues Lopes de Oliveira, Keylla Talitha Fernandes Barbosa, Ana Claudia Torres de Medeiros, Maria das Graças Melo Fernandes & Maria Miriam Lima da Nóbrega - 2019 - Texto and Contexto - Enfermagem 28.
    ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms according to the model proposed by Walker and Avant. Method: a descriptive-reflexive study developed in the first half of 2016. He used the first five phases proposed by the Walker and Avant model: identification of the origins of the theory; examination of the meaning of the theory; logical adequacy; utility; degree of generalization and parsimony of theory. Results: the study allowed the reflection on the Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms, considering the multidimensionality (...)
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  8. The Historical and Epistemological Relations Between Librarianship and Information Science in the Brazilian Scientific Production.Keitty Rodrigues Vieira & Cezar Karpinski - 2019 - TransInformação 31.
    This is an exploratory qualitative and bibliographic research without a chronological framework that addresses the historical and epistemological relations of Library Science and Information Science from the Brazilian scientific production in Information Science. This study addresses how and which aspects in the historical and epistemological relation occur between Information Science and Librarianship in Brazilian scientific production. The general objective is to identify to what extent the content of publications brings the two fields together. Specifically, the objectives were as follows: list (...)
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  9. Operationality of Concepts in Heideggerian Phenomenological Investigation: Epistemological Reflection on Nursing.Thaís Vasconselos Amorim, Ívis Emília de Oliveira Souza, Anna Maria de Oliveira Salimena, Stela Maris de Mello Padoin & Rita de Cássia de Jesus Melo - 2019 - Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem 72 (1).
    ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the investigative path of analysis and the operationality of concepts based on Martin Heidegger's theoretical and philosophical framework. Method: Theoretical reflection on the phenomenon of pregnancy in a woman with heart disease. Results: Stages of the investigative movement were evidenced based on the pre-reflection related to the object of study and to the search for the phenomenal meaning, using the existential and analytical Hermeneutics as the approach and resulting in the reach of the phenomenal totality. Conclusion: (...)
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  10. Critical Theory and Social Inequality.Boike Rehbein - 2018 - Tempo Social 30 (3).
    This paper argues that social inequality is possibly the core topic of any critical theory in the social sciences – for epistemological as well as ethical reasons. As the social scientist is part of the scientific object, namely society, the project of science is interdependent with its object. For this reason, the structure of society itself influences the shape of social science. At the same time, the processes and results of the scientific project have an impact on society. Science changes (...)
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  11. The Metaphysics of Responsible Believing.David Hunter - 2018 - Manuscrito 41 (4):255-285.
    Contemporary philosophy of mind has tended to make the believer disappear. In response, Matt Boyle and Pamela Hieronymi have argued that believing is an act or activity, not a mental state. I argue that this response fails to fully critique contemporary accounts of believing. Such accounts assume that states of believing are particulars; with semantic properties; that we attend to in reflection and act on in inference; and with a rich causal life of their own. Together, these assumptions leave no (...)
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  12. Reflective Practice and Vocational Training: Theoretical Approaches in the Field of Health and Nursing.Luciana Netto, Kênia Lara Silva & Marília dos Santos Rua - 2018 - Escola Anna Nery 22 (1).
    Objective: Theoretical reflection that uses Reflexivity as a theoretical reference and its objective is to approach Donald Schön's reflective thinking, interrelating it with the innovative curriculum. Method: The writings of Schön and other authors who addressed the themes in their works were used. Results: The innovative curriculum as an expression of dissatisfaction with the fragmentation paradigm may favor reflective practice, since it is necessary to mobilize reflexivity for actions and contexts that are unpredictable in the field of health promotion. Conclusions: (...)
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  13. Theory of Communicative Action: A Basis for the Development of Critical Thinking.Carvalho Diana Paula de Souza Rego Pinto, Vitor Allyne Fortes, Cogo Ana Luísa Petersen, Santos Viviane Euzébia Pereira & Ferreira Júnior Marcos Antonio - 2017 - Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem 70 (6).
    ABSTRACT Reflections on some assumptions of the theory of Communicative Action and the development of Critical Thinking in the context of training students in undergraduate nursing courses. The perspective is based on concepts of Jürgen Habermas, as a possibility for the development of critical thinking among the students of these courses. Communication is therefore understood as inherent in the training of nurses in a continuous, dynamic, dialogical process, with interventions that are related to the context of the students and that (...)
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  14. Possibilities of Care for Serodiscordant Couples for HIV Who Got Pregnant.Langendorf Tassiane Ferreira, Souza Ivis Emília de Oliveira, Padoin Stela Maris de Mello, Paula Cristiane Cardoso de, Queiroz Ana Beatriz Azevedo, Moura Maria Aparecida Vasconcelos, Melo Maria Carmen Simões Cardoso de & Silva Lúcia de Fatima da - 2017 - Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem 70 (6).
    ABSTRACT Objective: Understanding the meaning of pregnancy for heterosexual couples facing serodiscordant situation for HIV, aiming at construction of care possibilities based on subjectivity. Method: Phenomenological research, theoretical-philosophical-methodological framework by Martin Heidegger. Research was conducted in a University Hospital in the countryside of Southern Brazil, from September 2013 to May 2014 through a phenomenological interview, with participation of eleven couples. Results: For the couples, pregnancy is part of life when they wish to have a child, even when one or both (...)
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  15. Keyhole: Equal Signs as Bridges Between the Phenomenological and Theoretical Dimensions.Fabiana B. Kneubil & Ricardo Karam - unknown
    Physics is a peculiar way to reason about the world that often makes the invisible visible. If one aims at understanding what physics is about, recognise how experimental measurements and mathematical reasoning are intertwined is essential. In this work we exemplify such entanglement by analysing three case studies. In the first one, the explanation of the Hall effect underlines how we indirectly penetrate into the microscopic structure of a wire and manage to evaluate the number of charged particles per unit (...)
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  16. An Analysis of Articles on Qualitative Studies Conducted by Doctors Published in Scientific Journals in Brazil Between 2004 and 2013.Taquette Stella Regina & Minayo Maria Cecília - unknown
    : We analyzed articles on studies carried out by doctors using qualitative methods. A literature search of articles published on the SciELO Brazil database between 2004 and 2013 was performed using the following keywords: qualitative research, interview, focus group, participant observation, content analysis, discourse analysis, social representation, and dialectical hermeneutics. The texts were analyzed using a theoretical framework based on the qualitative research review guidelines. Articles were grouped into the following categories: consistent, not very consistent, and inconsistent. A total of (...)
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  17. The Heuristics of Representation in Science: The Mechanisms and Mathematical Principles in Physics of Descartes and Fermat.C. Laranjeiras Cássio, Silva Jojomar L. Da & J. R. N. Chiappin - unknown
    The objective of this article, which is part of the research program developed by the authors on the role of representation in science and science education, is to highlight the use of mechanisms and mathematical principles as representational heuristics of physical phenomena. They have been used by Descartes and Fermat in their respective investigations in the field of optics, more specifically in their analysis of the light refraction phenomenon. With examples drawn from the works of the cited authors, we sought (...)
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  18. Hidden Features in Global Knowledge Production: Positioning Theory and Practice in Academic Writing.Windle Joel - unknown
    ABSTRACT A key challenge for applied linguistics is how to deal with the historical power imbalance in knowledge production between the global north and south. A central objective of critical applied linguistics has been to provide new epistemological foundations that address this problem, through the lenses of post-colonial theory, for example. This article shows how the structure of academic writing, even within critical traditions, can reinforce unequal transnational relations of knowledge. Analysis of Brazilian theses and publications that draw on the (...)
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  19. The Contribution of Imre Lakatos for Epistemological Analysis of the Brasílian Nursing Postgraduate Program.Guimarães Gilberto de Lima, Chianca Tania Couto Machado, Goveia Vania Regina, Mendoza Isabel Yovana Quispe, Matos Selme Silqueira de & Viana Ligia de Oliveira - unknown
    ABSTRACT Objective: to present the theoretical perspective of Imre Lakatos, from its Methodology of Scientific Research Programs, and its epistemological evaluation of the Brazilian Postgraduate Nursing Program. Method: It is a reflexive analysis, organized into three sections, with the following question: Can the theoretical-philosophical proposition by Imre Lakatos contribute to assess to the Brazilian Postgraduate Nursing Program? Discussion: It is assumed that nursing care as a theoretical hypothesis; it presents the basic elements of lakatosian program: the hard core, the protective (...)
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  20. I Tensed the Laws and the Laws Won: Non-Eternalist Humeanism.Marius Backmann - 2016 - Manuscrito 39 (4):255-277.
    ABSTRACT In this paper, I propose a variant of a Humean account of laws called "Open Future Humeanism", which holds that since the laws supervene partly on future events, there are at any instant infinitely many possible future courses of events. I argue that if one wants to take the openness of the future that OFH proposes ontologically serious, then OFH is best represented within a growing block view of time. I further discuss some of OFH's problems which stem from (...)
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  21. The Multitemporality of Life: An Analysis From Philosophy of Biology.Constanza Rendón, Nahuel Pallitto & Guillermo Folguera - 2016 - Manuscrito 39 (3):121-147.
    ABSTRACT Although the issue of temporality has mainly been studied from Physics, this topic also exhibits diverse interesting aspects that could be addressed from a biological perspective. One possible way of approaching this subject is to examine the kinds of temporalities involved in biological processes. In that vein, the aim of this article is to analyze developmental and evolutionary processes' temporality in different biological fields of study, including a novel area which attempts to integrate the research of those processes. To (...)
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  22. The Social Value in Nursing Students' Discourse: A Phenomenological Encounter with Max Scheler.Gilberto de Lima Guimarães, Tania Couto Machado Chianca, Vania Regina Goveia, Kleyde Ventura de Souza, Isabel Yovana Quispe Mendoza & Ligia de Oliveira Viana - unknown
    ABSTRACT The study aimed to identify and understand, in the student's discourse, the social value and discuss it in the light of some of Max Scheler's assumptions. The senior students in Nursing take an existential place in the world, giving it meaning and sense through their opinion. The research is qualitative with a phenomenological approach. The subjects were 10 senior students from the Nursing course in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Data were collected from August to September, 2014, through interviews. (...)
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  23. Letter for an Exchange Between Scientists of Cognition.Victor Emmanuel Jacono - unknown
    ABSTRACT This short essay, written from the point of view of a young theatre maker, pedagogue, and scholar, is presented in the spirit of a letter, addressed primarily at theatre artists and scholars to question their role of scientists in the growing exchange between theatre and neurosciences. In particular the essay highlights the importance of science in a theatre tradition based on the actor's pedagogy, and posits such a tradition as an example of research from which theatre makers could engage (...)
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  24. Shaping the Living Body: Paradigms of Soma and Authority in Thomas Hanna's Writings.Margherita De Giorgi - unknown
    : This article outlines some features of the discursive strategies adopted by Thomas Hanna in order to legitimate Somatics - as well as his own method - in the eyes of the scientific community. The notion of soma and the representations of its functions will be recognized at the core of this issue. In order to stress the enduring risk of dogmatism of the scientific rhetoric to our days, as well as their influence on the configuration of somatic discourses, I (...)
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  25. The Right to Die and Power Over Life: Knowledge to Govern the Bodies.Franciele Roberta Cordeiro & Maria Henriqueta Luce Kruse - unknown
    ABSTRACT This study aimed to examine how the media articulates the knowledge and positions involved in the process of death and dying. Documentary research in the field of post-structuralist cultural studies. The empirical material consisted of ten interviews, published in the magazines Época and Veja, between 2000 and 2012. To delimit the corpus of analysis, we used discursive mapping by means of the software ATLAS.ti. The findings were submitted to discourse analysis inspired by Foucault. In the reports, nursing appeared linked (...)
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  26. Singular Reference Without Singular Thought.Filipe Martone - 2016 - Manuscrito 39 (1):33-60.
    In this paper I challenge the widespread assumption that the conditions for singular reference are more or less the same as the conditions for singular thought. I claim that we refer singularly to things without thinking singularly about them more often than it is usually believed. I first argue that we should take the idea that singular thought is non-descriptive thought very seriously. If we do that, it seems that we cannot be so liberal about what counts as acquaintance; only (...)
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  27. Review of Ferreirós, J; Lassalle Casanave, A. El Árbol de Los Números. Editorial Universidad de Sevilla: Sevilla, 2016. [REVIEW]Bruno Ramos Mendonça - 2016 - Manuscrito. Revista Internacional de Filosofia 39 (1):97-103.
    We review Ferreirós and Lassalle Casanave's recently publishedbook "El árbol de los números". The book is a result of the Brazilian-Spanish conference "Sobre la elucidación del concepto de número: cognición, lógica y práctica matemática" hosted in Sevilla in 2013, and collects new papers on History and Philosophy of Mathematics as well as Mathematical Practice. These papers present results of investigations in Cognitive Sciences, Logic and Epistemology of mathematical certainty. In this review we present a general overview of the papers' contents, (...)
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  28. Beyond Paradigms in Organization Studies: The Circle of Epistemic Matrices.Ana Paula Paes de Paula - unknown
    In this article, I present a sketch of a new proposition to guide organizational studies: the Cicle of Epistemic Matrices. Inspired by Thomas Kuhn and based on the thesis of paradigms' incommensurability, Gibson Burrell and Gareth Morgan drew the diagram of sociological paradigms, but its inclusion in the academy has encouraged a paradigms war. The Circle of Epistemic Matrices also provides an outline for the guidance of organizational studies, but it is based on Habermas and defends the thesis of cognitive (...)
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  29. Evaluation of Theory of Mind: A Study with Students From Public and Private Schools.Marisa Cosenza Rodrigues, Maíze Carla Costa Pelisson, Flávia Fraga Silveira, Nathalie Nehmy Ribeiro & Renata de Lourdes Miguel da Silva - unknown
    This study assessed the development of the theory of mind in preschool children aged 4 and 5 years old, along with potential interactions among gender, age and whether children were from private or public schools. A total of 178 children participated in the study. After securing ethical compliance with applicable guidelines, we applied the Theory-of-Mind-Scale. There was no evidence of differences regarding gender . Differences were found in regard to age and whether students were from private or public schools . (...)
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  30. Overcoming Dichotomies Through Space: The Contribution of Dialectical Materialism to Organization Studies.Daniel S. Lacerda - unknown
    One of the most debated choices in every social research design is the adoption of either a realist or an idealist worldview of sociological problems. As argued in this paper, this dichotomy can be bridged by the dialectical approach of historical space production according to Marxist traditions in human geography. Therefore, this paper explores the philosophical grounds of this debate and previous attempts to conciliate the dichotomy and finally proposes a rejection of this dichotomy by adopting the categories of ‘space’ (...)
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  31. A Hundred-Year of Karl Jaspers' General Psychopathology (Allgemeine Psychopathologie) - 1913-2013: A Pivotal Book in the History of Psychiatry. [REVIEW]Antonio Egidio Nardi, Rafael Christophe Freire, Sergio Machado, Adriana Cardoso Silva & Jose Alexandre Crippa - unknown
    After a hundred-years of its publication, the Karl Jaspers' book, General Psychopathology, is still an indispensable book to psychiatrists and for all those who study psychopathology. It's a clear delineation of the phenomenological method for describing the symptoms of mental disorders that remains unmatched until nowadays. The book focuses on the relevance of phenomenological and hermeneutical methods in psychopathology. Although this work is grounded in the clinical thought and practices of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Jaspers' delineation of (...)
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  32. The Tragedy of the Common Reviewers: The Peer Review Process.Ulysses Paulino De Albuquerque - unknown
    The peer review process is the dominant system adopted in science to evaluate the quality of articles submitted for publication. Various social players are involved in this process, including authors, editors and reviewers. Much has been discussed about the need to improve the scientific quality of what is published. The main focus of these discussions has been the work of the authors. However, the editors and reviewers also fulfill an important role. In this opinion article, we discuss some proposals to (...)
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  33. Animal Experimentation and Scientific Knowledge: A Thought Style?Thales de Astrogildo E. Tréz - unknown
    Animal experimentation, besides a research method extensively applied in the production of scientific knowledge, is also considered essential to science and with undeniable historical relevance in advances in human health. In this survey, a questionnaire was applied to a group of researchers involved with research based on non-animal models (n =18), and to another group involved with research based on animal models (n =18). The data analysis was grounded in Ludwik Fleck (1896 -1961) epistemological assumptions. The results suggested that there (...)
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  34. Law and Aesthetics: Critical Note.Luis Satie - unknown
    It is thought in the theory and philosophy of law, aimed at discussing the conditions of possibility of rapprochement between the art form and legal form. The text investigates, dialectically, the implications for the legal philosophy of the impossibility of such approximation, and the problems in a conservative approximation. It follows that: 1) would be a loss for a reason and therefore to legal philosophy, not to communicate between art and law; 2) the relationship between legal and aesthetic standards should (...)
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