OAI Archive: Scientific Electronic Library Online - Brazil

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Scientific Electronic Library Online - Brazil"

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  1. An Analysis of Articles on Qualitative Studies Conducted by Doctors Published in Scientific Journals in Brazil Between 2004 and 2013.Taquette Stella Regina & Minayo Maria Cecília - unknown
    : We analyzed articles on studies carried out by doctors using qualitative methods. A literature search of articles published on the SciELO Brazil database between 2004 and 2013 was performed using the following keywords: qualitative research, interview, focus group, participant observation, content analysis, discourse analysis, social representation, and dialectical hermeneutics. The texts were analyzed using a theoretical framework based on the qualitative research review guidelines. Articles were grouped into the following categories: consistent, not very consistent, and inconsistent. A total of (...)
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  2. The Heuristics of Representation in Science: The Mechanisms and Mathematical Principles in Physics of Descartes and Fermat.C. Laranjeiras Cássio, Silva Jojomar L. Da & J. R. N. Chiappin - unknown
    The objective of this article, which is part of the research program developed by the authors on the role of representation in science and science education, is to highlight the use of mechanisms and mathematical principles as representational heuristics of physical phenomena. They have been used by Descartes and Fermat in their respective investigations in the field of optics, more specifically in their analysis of the light refraction phenomenon. With examples drawn from the works of the cited authors, we sought (...)
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  3. Hidden Features in Global Knowledge Production: Positioning Theory and Practice in Academic Writing.Windle Joel - unknown
    ABSTRACT A key challenge for applied linguistics is how to deal with the historical power imbalance in knowledge production between the global north and south. A central objective of critical applied linguistics has been to provide new epistemological foundations that address this problem, through the lenses of post-colonial theory, for example. This article shows how the structure of academic writing, even within critical traditions, can reinforce unequal transnational relations of knowledge. Analysis of Brazilian theses and publications that draw on the (...)
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  4. The Contribution of Imre Lakatos for Epistemological Analysis of the Brasílian Nursing Postgraduate Program.Guimarães Gilberto de Lima, Chianca Tania Couto Machado, Goveia Vania Regina, Mendoza Isabel Yovana Quispe, Matos Selme Silqueira de & Viana Ligia de Oliveira - unknown
    ABSTRACT Objective: to present the theoretical perspective of Imre Lakatos, from its Methodology of Scientific Research Programs, and its epistemological evaluation of the Brazilian Postgraduate Nursing Program. Method: It is a reflexive analysis, organized into three sections, with the following question: Can the theoretical-philosophical proposition by Imre Lakatos contribute to assess to the Brazilian Postgraduate Nursing Program? Discussion: It is assumed that nursing care as a theoretical hypothesis; it presents the basic elements of lakatosian program: the hard core, the protective (...)
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  5. I Tensed the Laws and the Laws Won: Non-Eternalist Humeanism.Marius Backmann - 2016 - Manuscrito 39 (4):255-277.
    ABSTRACT In this paper, I propose a variant of a Humean account of laws called "Open Future Humeanism", which holds that since the laws supervene partly on future events, there are at any instant infinitely many possible future courses of events. I argue that if one wants to take the openness of the future that OFH proposes ontologically serious, then OFH is best represented within a growing block view of time. I further discuss some of OFH's problems which stem from (...)
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  6. The Multitemporality of Life: An Analysis From Philosophy of Biology.Constanza Rendón, Nahuel Pallitto & Guillermo Folguera - unknown
    ABSTRACT Although the issue of temporality has mainly been studied from Physics, this topic also exhibits diverse interesting aspects that could be addressed from a biological perspective. One possible way of approaching this subject is to examine the kinds of temporalities involved in biological processes. In that vein, the aim of this article is to analyze developmental and evolutionary processes' temporality in different biological fields of study, including a novel area which attempts to integrate the research of those processes. To (...)
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  7. The Social Value in Nursing Students' Discourse: A Phenomenological Encounter with Max Scheler.Gilberto de Lima Guimarães, Tania Couto Machado Chianca, Vania Regina Goveia, Kleyde Ventura de Souza, Isabel Yovana Quispe Mendoza & Ligia de Oliveira Viana - unknown
    ABSTRACT The study aimed to identify and understand, in the student's discourse, the social value and discuss it in the light of some of Max Scheler's assumptions. The senior students in Nursing take an existential place in the world, giving it meaning and sense through their opinion. The research is qualitative with a phenomenological approach. The subjects were 10 senior students from the Nursing course in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Data were collected from August to September, 2014, through interviews. (...)
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  8. Letter for an Exchange Between Scientists of Cognition.Victor Emmanuel Jacono - unknown
    ABSTRACT This short essay, written from the point of view of a young theatre maker, pedagogue, and scholar, is presented in the spirit of a letter, addressed primarily at theatre artists and scholars to question their role of scientists in the growing exchange between theatre and neurosciences. In particular the essay highlights the importance of science in a theatre tradition based on the actor's pedagogy, and posits such a tradition as an example of research from which theatre makers could engage (...)
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  9. Shaping the Living Body: Paradigms of Soma and Authority in Thomas Hanna's Writings.Margherita De Giorgi - unknown
    : This article outlines some features of the discursive strategies adopted by Thomas Hanna in order to legitimate Somatics - as well as his own method - in the eyes of the scientific community. The notion of soma and the representations of its functions will be recognized at the core of this issue. In order to stress the enduring risk of dogmatism of the scientific rhetoric to our days, as well as their influence on the configuration of somatic discourses, I (...)
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  10. The Right to Die and Power Over Life: Knowledge to Govern the Bodies.Franciele Roberta Cordeiro & Maria Henriqueta Luce Kruse - unknown
    ABSTRACT This study aimed to examine how the media articulates the knowledge and positions involved in the process of death and dying. Documentary research in the field of post-structuralist cultural studies. The empirical material consisted of ten interviews, published in the magazines Época and Veja, between 2000 and 2012. To delimit the corpus of analysis, we used discursive mapping by means of the software ATLAS.ti. The findings were submitted to discourse analysis inspired by Foucault. In the reports, nursing appeared linked (...)
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  11. Singular Reference Without Singular Thought.Filipe Martone - 2016 - Manuscrito 39 (1).
    In this paper I challenge the widespread assumption that the conditions for singular reference are more or less the same as the conditions for singular thought. I claim that we refer singularly to things without thinking singularly about them more often than it is usually believed. I first argue that we should take the idea that singular thought is non-descriptive thought very seriously. If we do that, it seems that we cannot be so liberal about what counts as acquaintance; only (...)
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  12. Review of Ferreirós, J; Lassalle Casanave, A. El Árbol de Los Números. Editorial Universidad de Sevilla: Sevilla, 2016. [REVIEW]Bruno Ramos Mendonça - 2016 - Manuscrito. Revista Internacional de Filosofia 39 (1):97-103.
    We review Ferreirós and Lassalle Casanave's recently publishedbook "El árbol de los números". The book is a result of the Brazilian-Spanish conference "Sobre la elucidación del concepto de número: cognición, lógica y práctica matemática" hosted in Sevilla in 2013, and collects new papers on History and Philosophy of Mathematics as well as Mathematical Practice. These papers present results of investigations in Cognitive Sciences, Logic and Epistemology of mathematical certainty. In this review we present a general overview of the papers' contents, (...)
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  13. Beyond Paradigms in Organization Studies: The Circle of Epistemic Matrices.Ana Paula Paes de Paula - unknown
    In this article, I present a sketch of a new proposition to guide organizational studies: the Cicle of Epistemic Matrices. Inspired by Thomas Kuhn and based on the thesis of paradigms' incommensurability, Gibson Burrell and Gareth Morgan drew the diagram of sociological paradigms, but its inclusion in the academy has encouraged a paradigms war. The Circle of Epistemic Matrices also provides an outline for the guidance of organizational studies, but it is based on Habermas and defends the thesis of cognitive (...)
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  14. Evaluation of Theory of Mind: A Study with Students From Public and Private Schools.Marisa Cosenza Rodrigues, Maíze Carla Costa Pelisson, Flávia Fraga Silveira, Nathalie Nehmy Ribeiro & Renata de Lourdes Miguel da Silva - unknown
    This study assessed the development of the theory of mind in preschool children aged 4 and 5 years old, along with potential interactions among gender, age and whether children were from private or public schools. A total of 178 children participated in the study. After securing ethical compliance with applicable guidelines, we applied the Theory-of-Mind-Scale. There was no evidence of differences regarding gender . Differences were found in regard to age and whether students were from private or public schools . (...)
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  15. Overcoming Dichotomies Through Space: The Contribution of Dialectical Materialism to Organization Studies.Daniel S. Lacerda - unknown
    One of the most debated choices in every social research design is the adoption of either a realist or an idealist worldview of sociological problems. As argued in this paper, this dichotomy can be bridged by the dialectical approach of historical space production according to Marxist traditions in human geography. Therefore, this paper explores the philosophical grounds of this debate and previous attempts to conciliate the dichotomy and finally proposes a rejection of this dichotomy by adopting the categories of ‘space’ (...)
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  16. A Hundred-Year of Karl Jaspers' General Psychopathology (Allgemeine Psychopathologie) - 1913-2013: A Pivotal Book in the History of Psychiatry. [REVIEW]Antonio Egidio Nardi, Rafael Christophe Freire, Sergio Machado, Adriana Cardoso Silva & Jose Alexandre Crippa - unknown
    After a hundred-years of its publication, the Karl Jaspers' book, General Psychopathology, is still an indispensable book to psychiatrists and for all those who study psychopathology. It's a clear delineation of the phenomenological method for describing the symptoms of mental disorders that remains unmatched until nowadays. The book focuses on the relevance of phenomenological and hermeneutical methods in psychopathology. Although this work is grounded in the clinical thought and practices of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Jaspers' delineation of (...)
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  17. The Tragedy of the Common Reviewers: The Peer Review Process.Ulysses Paulino De Albuquerque - unknown
    The peer review process is the dominant system adopted in science to evaluate the quality of articles submitted for publication. Various social players are involved in this process, including authors, editors and reviewers. Much has been discussed about the need to improve the scientific quality of what is published. The main focus of these discussions has been the work of the authors. However, the editors and reviewers also fulfill an important role. In this opinion article, we discuss some proposals to (...)
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  18. Animal Experimentation and Scientific Knowledge: A Thought Style?Thales de Astrogildo E. Tréz - unknown
    Animal experimentation, besides a research method extensively applied in the production of scientific knowledge, is also considered essential to science and with undeniable historical relevance in advances in human health. In this survey, a questionnaire was applied to a group of researchers involved with research based on non-animal models (n =18), and to another group involved with research based on animal models (n =18). The data analysis was grounded in Ludwik Fleck (1896 -1961) epistemological assumptions. The results suggested that there (...)
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  19. Law and Aesthetics: Critical Note.Luis Satie - unknown
    It is thought in the theory and philosophy of law, aimed at discussing the conditions of possibility of rapprochement between the art form and legal form. The text investigates, dialectically, the implications for the legal philosophy of the impossibility of such approximation, and the problems in a conservative approximation. It follows that: 1) would be a loss for a reason and therefore to legal philosophy, not to communicate between art and law; 2) the relationship between legal and aesthetic standards should (...)
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