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In this study, Nkadimeng's art is placed within the framework of a brief discussion of the Northem Sotho short story as an art form. (...)
Copyright © 2012, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria
THIS THESIS IS IN THE PROCESS OF EXAMINATION
© 2012, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria
Please cite as follows:
Doyle, DJ 2012, _What does it mean to be human? humanness, personhood and the transhumanist movement_, DPhil thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed (...)
This study explores the nature of writing and the sorts of presence that writing gives us access to. This understanding of writing includes not only all speaking and all writing in the narrow sense of marks on a page, but goes beyond this to include the sense in which Derrida uses the term writing in _Of Grammatology_, to mean a broad and complex process of the construction of textual traces or presences necessarily brought about through the structural mechanism of difference (...)
This study argues that writing is a system that creates Subjects or selves as the writing happens. It suggests that writing is a remarkable site from which to explore the construction of selves, because it gives us access to (partially) identifiable presences, in the apparent absence of the writer.
It goes on to demonstrate that this identity can be distinguished through written traces of difference left for the reader to decipher, by analysing different aspects of the plot and writing devices in Peter Greenaways film _The Pillow Book_ and in Kafkas short story _In the Penal Colony_. These two texts are considered particularly relevant to this study, in that they both explicitly deal with the contradictory nature of writing and how it relates to the Being (there or the contextualised Being of _Dasein_) and being (in general), the life and death, the empowerment and destruction of the Subjects that writing sets up. Both texts explore salient aspects of writing on the human body. The study uses these texts as a platform for speculation about the kind of presence that can be traced through writing, and proposes that the written Subject is multiple, contradictory and reflexive, connected and related, and that it is impermanent and has a deferred presence.
Finally, this written Subject is also explored in the context of Foucaults expositions of the self in texts such as _Technologies of the self_ (Foucault, 1994) and What is an Author? (Foucault, 1977) in answer to his question Who are we in the present, what is this fragile moment from which we cant detach our identity and which will carry our identity away with itself? (Foucault, 1994:xviii)
Copyright © 2009, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.
Please cite as follows:
Viljoen, JM 2009, _Playing with the subject : writing in The Pillow Book and in In the Penal Colony_, MA dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed _ yymmdd_ < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-08132010-123031/ >
© 2007, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.
Please cite as follows:
Mabille, ML 2007, _ Nietzsches tragic justice and the rehabilitation of Diké_, DPhil thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed _yymmdd_ < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-11122009-165028/ >
This dissertation explores the problem regarding the objectification of language and the split between thought and poetry. The problem is examined from both a philosophical and a psychoanalytical perspective. The split between thought and poetry is rather complex and it manifests itself in various contexts.
In _The Man without Content Giorgio_ Agamben (1999c) discusses this problem with reference to the sphere of the aesthetic. According to Agamben the birth of modern aesthetics and the problem of representation is the result of (...)
In _The Parallax View_ Slavoj Zizek discusses similar schisms that is currently discernible in various spheres. In the context of my research, it is his discussion of the split between objective knowledge and subjective truth that is of special interest. In my dissertation this division is respectively brought to bear on the split between thought and poetry. (This claim is broadly expanded on in chapter four). The split between objective knowledge and subjective truth manifests itself, in the social context, as the antinomy of essentialism and constructionism.
My discussion commences in _chapter one_ with an introductory overview of the theme under investigation.
In _chapter two_ the theme is first of all examined from a philosophical perspective. In this regard it is primarily the work of Giorgio Agamben, and especially his view of the nature of language that guides my discussion. According to Agamben we cannot regard language as something (an articulated unity) that has always already taken place. Language rather exists in the form of pure potentiality. By reinterpreting Aristotles doctrine of potentiality, Agamben comes to the conclusion that potentiality is, originally, an (im)potentiality. In so far as the human being is language, he _is_ this (im)potentiality and this (im)potentiality should be seen as the dimension of the _un_appropriable. In view of this _un_appropriability mans primordial situation cannot be a unity (at least not a reflexive or reflected unity). The human being, in so far as he _is_ language, _is_ the primordial gap that enables meaning and signification to _take place_. According to Agamben this (im)potentiality (the dimension of the _un_appropriable) has, however, undergone a primordial objectification in Aristotles logico-metaphysical structure of knowledge. Since then, language as the primordial gap that enables presence and meaning to _take place_, has been neglected or forgotten.
In _chapter three_ the primordial objectification of language and the split between thought and poetry is also considered from a psychoanalytical perspective. The purpose of this chapter is to introduce the reader to some of the main concepts in Jacques Lacans exposition of symbolic identification. Attention will only be given to those aspects in the Lacanian psychoanalysis that are related to the theme of research.
In _chapter four_ the psychoanalytic description of the problem is continued. The relation between thought and poetry is explained by reference to two fantasmatic structures of denial. In the Lacanian psychoanalysis the two fantasmatic structures of denial are descriptive of two distinctive modalities of reflection. They represent two subjective attitudes that in psychoanalytic terms are described as the subject of desire and the subject of drive. In this chapter the relation between these two fantasmatic structures and Agambens description of thought and poetry in our time is being explored.
In _chapter five_ the theme under investigation is brought to a preliminary conclusion. In this chapter the co-belonging of thought and poetry is being examined in view of Lacans later conception of language as _non_-All. Of special interest is Lacans concept of the traversing of the fundamental fantasy as well as his ideas regarding the end of the psychoanalytic process. In so far as language is not an articulated unity but rather _non_-All, the co-belonging of thought and poetry implies more than a mere reciprocity of opposites. I hope that we will eventually be able to conceive of a different, and more original kind of relation between the subject and his own inherent _un_appropriability. The denial of this dimension is currently the cause of an impasse in the process of symbolic identification. It points to mans egoistic illusion of authority and self-righteousness.
Lacans concept of the traversing of the fundamental fantasy implies a kind of conciliation between (or co-belonging of) the word (the sphere of the symbolic) and a certain excess or remainder (the_ un_appropriable) over which it has no control. The conciliation or appropriation as being used in this context should not be understood in the usual sense. The conciliation of the word with itself rather points to the subjects experience and acceptance of the dimension of _un_appropriability. This _un_appropriability derives from the negativity inherent in mans drives. In view of this _un_appropriability mans primordial situation is characterised by a feeling of fragmentation and disruption. It is this feeling of fragmentation and disruption which makes mans (or languages) reference to himself _im_possible.
The task of thought then is to traverse the subjects (languages) own presupposition; that is, his presupposed unity or fundamental fantasy. We have to accept the fact that our essence is not something that can be possessed or appropriated as such. Eventually we have to experience and appropriate the _un_appropriable as the inconceivable content and _limit_ inherent in every expression. The _un_appropriable is precisely that dimension in the sphere of the symbolic over which we have no control whatsoever. In view of this the concept of redemption also assumes a new meaning. In this moment the subject experiences his inherent _un_appropriability as constitutive of his freedom. He recognizes his freedom precisely in his primordial bondage (or lack of freedom) that he will never be able to get rid of. This experience should be brought to bear on Agambens description of the experience of language (the _factum loquendi_) as a dimension of (im)potentiality. The subjects experience and acceptance of a certain disruption (or the _un_appropriability of language) is the realisation of _un_reality here and now.
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MacIntyre attributes this state of affairs to the failure of the Enlightenment project. In their attempt to create a (...)
Please read the abstract in the section 08summary, of this document
© University of Pretoria 2001
Please cite as follows:
Botha, CF 2001, _ Heidegger : technology, truth and language _, MA dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed _yymmdd_ < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd- 12192005-113542/ >