OAI Archive: Digital Access to Scholarship at Harvard

Address: http://dash.harvard.edu/oai/request
Download type: partial

A 'partial' download type means that only articles matching certain keywords will be indexed. Dublin Core subject fields are used for matching. This might not be the best configuration for this archive. For example, if it contains categories ('sets') of articles relevant to this site, you might want to tell us about them so we download all these sets. Click here to edit this archive's configuration or view the sets it offers.

Some errors were encountered while harvesting this archive. Click here to view the most recent errors. This archive might not be properly harvested at this time due to these errors. You might want to advise its administrator. We are unable to provide more information about this archive to the public, but archive administrators can contact us for advice on how to rectify problems with their archives. A large number of errors reported here are due to archive software producing / letting end users produce records containing invalid XML.

Return to the list of archives   Edit configuration   

100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Digital Access to Scholarship at Harvard"

This set has the following status: partial.
  1. Matters of Life and Death.Michael Rabenberg - 2018 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    This dissertation comprises three chapters, each of which is concerned with a normative topic having to do with death. Chapter 1, “Against Deprivationism,” is concerned with the deprivationist thesis that a person’s death is bad for her if and only if, and because and to the extent that, it makes her life worse for her than it otherwise would have been. I argue that deprivationism is probably false. Chapter 2, “Some Versions of Lucretius’ Puzzle,” is concerned with Lucretius’ Puzzle, very (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. Creating Common Schools: St. Louis, the American Speculative, and the Rise of Public Education.Laura Lee Schmidt - 2018 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    This dissertation appraises the role of public education in modern American life. Tax-supported neighborhood schools called common schools have shaped American culture since they became widespread starting in the 1840s. The private higher educational institutions which emerged after the Civil War in the 1870s, however, are attributed greater cultural influence and are more readily associated with the intellectual public sphere that took shape in postbellum democracy. The work investigates this discrepancy by examining the intellectual contributions of public education: that is, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. Dependence on Persons and Dependence on Things in Rousseau's Social, Psychological, and Aesthetic Theory.Byron Davies - 2018 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau is often associated with a certain political form of relating to another as a person, where a person is seen as a locus of enforceable demands. Nevertheless, as I argue in this dissertation, Rousseau also articulated an affective form of relating to another, where relating to another as a person in this sense involves seeing them as a locus of a kind of value that cannot be demanded. I consider the significance of this affective form for Rousseau’s understanding (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. The Problem of God's Knowledge of Particulars in Avicennan and Post-Avicennan Thought.Lidia M. Gocheva - 2018 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    This dissertation begins with a discussion of the problem of God’s knowledge of particulars in Avicenna’s thought, demonstrating a gradual shift in his treatment of the subject. The subsequent chapters present an overview of the way a number of leading philosophers and theologians of the following two centuries responded to Avicenna’s writings on God’s knowledge, with special attention to the highly controversial issue of whether and how God can know particulars, such as individual human beings. More specifically, the second chapter (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. Informal Political Representation: Normative and Conceptual Foundations.Wendy Salkin - 2018 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    It is possible that, as you read this, there is someone out there standing in for you, speaking in your voice, acting in your stead, making agreements on your behalf, or conceding a point you might not have wanted them to. They are not your congressperson, your lawyer, or your spouse—nor anyone else authorized by means of a formal, corporately organized election or selection procedure. There is another sort of representative out there, someone you did not elect, someone you perhaps (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. Seeking the Shape of the Universe: Confronting the Hyperbolic World, From Henri Poincaré to the Cosmic Microwave Background.Connemara Doran - 2017 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    This dissertation engages the intellectual adventure to empirically determine the size and shape of the universe – to imagine, measure, and map the cosmos in the long 20th century. This journey developed in three stages, which in broad strokes can be seen as imagining and theorizing, modeling, and testing the shape of space; my account complicates this narrative, demonstrating the role that mathematical imagination played at the core of each stage. Late-19th-century mathematical advances regarding non-Euclidean geometry and intrinsic curvature encouraged (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. Aristotle on the Epistemic Role of Passion.Patricia Marechal - 2018 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    What are the passions? And what, if anything, do they have to do with our intellectual lives? I argue that, according to Aristotle, the passions are complex states that carry information about the value things have. More specifically, Aristotelian passions are constituted by fine-grained evaluative appearances—a kind of truth-apt, cognitive, yet non-rational representation that non-human animals also entertain. Given that the passions are representations of value, they can be the basis for coming to know and understand the peculiar value of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. Ways of Being: Philosophical Theory and Practice in Early China.Matthew James Hamm - 2018 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    This dissertation analyses three texts from China’s Warring States period : the Wu Xing 五行, the “Tianzhi” 天志 Triplet of the Mozi 墨子, and the “Neipian” 內篇 of the Zhuangzi 莊子. It contends that reading these three texts according to their shared concern of philosophical practice demonstrates that each one presents a general theory of how to live one’s daily life. The texts construct their theories by first presenting patterns of daily behavior. They then use the relationship between Heaven and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. Medical Decision Making in Greco-Roman Antiquity.Katherine Douglas van Schaik - 2018 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    This project investigates medical decision making in Greco-Roman antiquity, using modern studies of cognitive bias, heuristics, and the development of expert intuition as a lens through which to view the theoretical constructs and practical instructions of the physicians of the past. The epistemology of the physicians and medical writers of antiquity has been examined extensively by successive generations of scholars, with more recent efforts confronting the issue of heuristics explicitly. Past and present endeavors have focused on the epistemological approaches of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. Medical Repatriation in the United States: An Ethical Appraisal.Michael Young - 2016 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    Purpose: To examine the historical dimensions and ethical boundaries of medical repatriation, particularly as they relate to patients, health care providers, and hospitals. Methods: The methods employed in this analysis are rooted in the traditions and techniques of modern philosophy, medical ethics, and applied ethical theory. Results: After exploration and critical evaluation of the history and motivations behind medical repatriation, considerations against the practice are advanced. Drawing on the ethical dimensions of informed consent, equality, distributive justice, transparency, and trust, the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. The Ethics and Epistemology of Empathy.Olivia Bailey - 2018 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    Empathy is a familiar form of emotionally charged imaginative perspective taking. In this dissertation I offer an account of empathy’s moral importance that emphasizes the special value of its unique epistemic functions. Specifically, I defend what I call the humane understanding thesis: empathy is the source of a distinct epistemic good, humane understanding, which consists in the appreciation of the intelligibility of others’ emotional perceptions, and humane understanding is necessary for fully virtuous relations with other people. Adam Smith held that (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. Into Question: An Account of Inquiry.Lauren Davidson - 2018 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    Inquiry is central to our lives as knowers. From the quotidian ‘where did I leave my keys’ to the most momentous of research questions, we update our beliefs via inquiries large and small every day. Plausibly then, we achieve a much more complete picture of agents’ epistemic lives when we take into account not just what they believe or know but also the questions they have open for inquiry. Such is the approach to epistemology that motivates my dissertation. The enclosed (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. The Authority of Morality and the Recognition of Persons.Aleksy Tarasenko-Struc - 2017 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    My aim in this dissertation is to vindicate morality by addressing the question of how others could have the authority to make claims on us even when we have no special concern for, or thick relationship to, them. My account purports to establish that others’ claims carry intrinsic motivational relevance and that acknowledging them in action is a matter of normative necessity. I begin by pointing out that morality is connected to the possibility of wronging others rather than merely acting (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. Self-Consciousness in Kant's Moral Philosophy.James Bondarchuk - 2018 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    In the Critique of Practical Reason, Kant declares that our consciousness of the moral law is a “fact of reason,” and that this fact suffices to establish the reality of moral obligation. With this doctrine, Kant asserts that a “deduction” of morality, such as he attempted in the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, is neither necessary nor possible. This reversal has seemed to some commentators to be a retreat to the pre-critical dogmatism that the Critique of Pure Reason positioned (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. Allowing Spontaneity: Practice, Theory, and Ethical Cultivation in Longchenpa's Great Perfection Philosophy of Action.Adam S. Lobel - 2018 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    This is a study of the philosophy of practical action in the Great Perfection poetry and spiritual exercises of the fourteenth century Tibetan author, Longchen Rabjampa Drime Ozer. I inquire into his claim that practices may be completely spontaneous, uncaused, and effortless and what this claim might reveal about the conditions of possibility for action. Although I am interested in how Longchenpa understands spontaneous practices, I also question whether the very categories of practice and theory are useful for interpreting his (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. The Right to Health, the Power to Punish, and the Duty to Advocate.Julian Urrutia - 2018 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    Paper 1: The Right to Health and the Power to Punish If prisoners have a moral right to health, then why should this be so? Moral rights do not depend on any legal systems or other social institutions; instead, they place demands on what laws and institutions we should have. They are shown to exist by moral argument. What arguments or rationales might justify a moral RTH for prisoners? How one may answer this question depends on whether we should generally (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. Kino-Eye, Kino-Bayonet: The Avant-Garde Documentary in Japan, France, and the USSR.Yuliya Alekseyeva - 2017 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    This dissertation considers a grouping of films in the former USSR, France, and Japan from the perspective of the political aesthetics they aim to create. These films, usually considered avant-garde documentaries, provide complementary and transnational examples of a freer and more affect-driven Marxist political filmmaking practice that likely originated with Dziga Vertov in the USSR. Rather than simply transmitting a tendentious political message, Vertov and others try to emancipate the viewer's political sensibility through a series of disruptive and playful aesthetic (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. Visions in Sand: The Sound Figures in Goethe, Schopenhauer, and Nietzsche.Steven Patrick Lydon - 2018 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    On the reception of the sound figures, an eighteenth-century acoustical experiment, in the writings of Goethe, Schopenhauer, and Nietzsche. It focuses especially on the philosophical ramifications for literary studies and the history of science.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. Objectivity and Intersubjectivity in Moral Philosophy.Paul Julian - 2017 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    Many people believe that morality is objective. My dissertation explores whether we have good grounds for this belief, and whether we should find it troubling if we do not. I defend negative answers to both questions. The first two chapters aim to undermine claims that we have good grounds to believe that morality is objective. The third chapter makes the case that moral normativity is essentially intersubjective, and no less respectable for that fact. Chapter 1 poses a skeptical challenge for (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. The Pact of Geryon: An Italian Theory of Ethics and Representation.John A. Welsh - 2017 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    A word or an image is not a gentle breeze that plays lightly across the surface of things and leaves them unaltered. Whether an artist tells a story, makes a film, writes a poem, or puts on a play, he or she is acting in the world via the act of representation. Prior to the ethical implications of what is said—the myriad ideologies and agendas that a work might pursue—there is the ethical step at the heart of all semiotics: words (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. Waves of Qualities.Sivan Cohen Elias - 2017 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    The world can be defined by territories and perceptions. Gender, roots and religion are related strongly with borders – or perceived borders – that frame the dynamics contained within and the conflicts at its edges. Wherever the borders are challenged, there are inevitably opposing forces – those which welcome expansion and blurring, and those seeking to re-establish the line that has been crossed. Both these forces operate in my work. Driven by that tension, I look to materials that appear in (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. Almost the Same but Not Quite - the Prosthetic Condition in Latin American Artistic Practices.Jeronimo Duarte Riascos - 2018 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    My dissertation studies works of art that simultaneously feature literary and visual components, and that were produced in Latin America after 1980. To approach them, I propose the notion of the prosthetic condition: a way of being in contemporaneity that is opposed to traditional ontology—a manner of existence proper to entities that are produced artificially and that generate effects beyond the boundaries of the art world. Like medical prosthesis, entities affected by the prosthetic condition replace something that is missing. They (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. Sovereign Sentiments: Conceptions of Self-Control in David Hume, Adam Smith, and Jane Austen.Lauren Kopajtic - 2017 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    The mention of “self-control” calls up certain stock images: Saint Augustine struggling to renounce carnal pleasures; dispassionate Mr. Spock of Star Trek; the dieter faced with tempting desserts. In these stock images reason is almost always assigned the power and authority to govern passions, desires, and appetites. But what if the passions were given the power to rule—what if, instead of sovereign reason, there were sovereign sentiments? My dissertation examines three sentimentalist conceptions of self-control: David Hume’s conception of “strength of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. Examining the Experts: Science, Values, and Democracy.Zeynep Pamuk - 2017 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    This dissertation examines the role of experts in democracies, with a focus on issues that involve the translation and use of science in political decisions. Conventional accounts of the relationship between expertise and politics have assumed the validity of a Weberian division of labor, in which experts provide a neutral assessment of the facts, while citizens and their representatives supply the values necessary for political judgment. I challenge this model on the grounds that it presupposes an outdated view of scientific (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. The Yoga of Dying: Xuanzang on the Nature of Death.Ernest B. Brewster - 2018 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    This study reclaims the investigation undertaken by Xuanzang 玄奘, the translator and peripatetic scholar-monk of the Tang Dynasty, and his translation team, into the nature of dying. It conforms to the chronology of the translation and exegesis of the Buddhist texts, including the ancient Āgamas, the recorded discourses of the Buddha, the Mahāvibhāṣa, the Great Abhidharma Commentary, and the foundational works of the subsequent Abhidharma and Yogācāra scholars, undertaken by Xuanzang, and his coterie of scholars and translators, from 645 to (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. Practical Cognitivism: An Essay on Normative Judgment.Douglas Ray Kremm - 2018 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    This dissertation aims to recover two key insights that have animated the so-called “non-cognitivist” tradition in ethics – insights that have been continually distorted and obscured through attempts to express them in a theoretical framework that cannot accommodate them. The two key insights are, first, that ethical thinking is fundamentally practical in a way that rules out a substantially representationalist account of such thinking, and, second, that purely ontological questions about the nature and existence of certain sorts of entities are (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Phenomenal Concepts, Transparency, and the Hard Problems of Consciousness.Shantia Rahimian - 2017 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    The hard problem of consciousness is the problem of explaining why experiences—perceptions, sensations, emotions, and moods—are brain states. My dissertation is motivated by the thought that our current understanding of the hard problem is flawed, and one of the aims of my dissertation is to address this flaw. The other aim is to lay a foundation for a monistic view of the mind-brain relation that is distinct from physicalism. Most philosophers assume that there is only one hard problem since the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Democracy Beyond Disclosure: Secrecy, Transparency, and the Logic of Self-Government.Jonathan Richard Bruno - 2017 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    "Transparency" is the constant refrain of democratic politics, a promised aid to accountability and integrity in public life. Secrecy is stigmatized as a work of corruption, tolerable by a compromise of democratic principles. My dissertation challenges both ideas. It argues that secrecy and transparency are best understood as complementary, not contradictory, practices. And it develops a normative account of liberal democratic politics in which duties of transparency coexist with permissions to act behind closed doors. The project begins with some history. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. Three Easy Pieces: Tolstoy, Khlebnikov, Platonov and the Fragile Absolute of Russian Modernity.Alexandre Gontchar - 2017 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    This dissertation shows how three Russian authors estranged and challenged the notion of human freedom as self-determination—the idea that meaningful self-authorship is possible in view of the finitude that every human being embodies under different aspects of his existence, such as the individual and collective awareness of the inevitability of death, as well as the narrative inclusion of any existential project within multiple contexts of history, culture, and language, all of which are always given already. At first glance to be (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. Towards an Opportunity Agenda in Somerville, MA: Expanded Learning Through Collective Action.Jeffrey J. Curley - 2018 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    It is increasingly clear that schools alone cannot address all of the factors needed to close the opportunity gap between low-income and underprivileged students and their middle-class and more affluent peers. For one thing, the school day and school year are simply too short to adequately address the factors at play. Moreover, student needs are multifaceted, and a multidisciplinary approach is required to adequately meet them. Thus cross-sectional collaboration is needed, particularly in addressing how learning can be extended beyond the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. Celestial Intelligences: The Syncretic Angelology of Renaissance Philosopher Giovanni Pico Della Mirandola.Gregory Kaminsky - unknown
    This thesis investigates the syncretic ideas of Italian Renaissance philosopher Giovanni Pico della Mirandola and his angelology in order to interpret the process of spiritual ascension that he prescribed in his Oration. This process drew from philosophic and western wisdom traditions but primarily involved the emulation of angels. Central to Pico’s spiritual system was a philosophical analysis of specific characteristics of angelic orders and their hierarchy. Pico developed his own unique arrangement of traditional Jewish and Christian angelic orders to support (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. Education and Injustice.Jacob Z. Fay - 2018 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    Injustice is a central dimension of the American educational landscape. Students, parents, and educators experience injustice through interactions with discipline policies, standardized curriculum, or high stakes testing, among other things. Yet, as much as those concerned with American schools call attention to injustice, they disagree about what, exactly, is unjust. This dissertation addresses this challenge by developing a novel approach to theorizing about injustice. This project is comprised of five interrelated parts. First, I present a normative case study detailing the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. Belief and Ameliorative Epistemology.Emily McWilliams - 2016 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    My dissertation is in three parts. In “Evidentialism and Belief Polarization,” I consider the epistemic import of a belief revision process known as belief polarization, in which exposure to a mixed batch of evidence reliably causes people to increase confidence in whatever their antecedent belief was. I argue against Tom Kelly's claim that the beliefs that result from this process are justified on evidentialist grounds, and I take stock of what the phenomenon can teach us about evidentialism as a theory (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. The Social Constitution of the Body: Bodily Alienation and Bodily Integrity.Leboeuf Celine - 2016 - Dissertation, Harvard University, Graduate School of Arts & Sciences.
    My thesis offers an account of the phenomenon of bodily alienation. Bodily alienation marks the failure to realize oneself in one’s bodily activities. I argue that realizing oneself in one’s bodily activities requires the pursuit of bodily activities for their own sake—not for the appearance they produce, and the ability to deal skillfully with one’s environment. I characterize bodily alienation by examining three cases concerning gender and race: the tendency, inflected by gender norms, to identify with certain fetishized body parts (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. Mill, Method, and the Art of Life.Beaumont Tim John - 2016 - Dissertation, Harvard University, Graduate School of Arts & Sciences
    For Mill, the Art of Life requires one to find the appropriate quasi-Platonic balance between Morality, Nobility, and Prudence. In consequence, his Art of Life could fail in any of three ways, corresponding to the assignment of undue scope to any one department at the expense of the remainder. This thesis uses analytical methods, including de dicto and de re interpretation, to unlock the fundamental axiological and existential premises which give Mill’s Art of Life its unity, its creative tensions, and (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. Constructing Kallipolis: The Political Argument of Plato's Socratic Dialogues.Muller Joe Pahl Williams - 2016 - Dissertation, Harvard University, Graduate School of Arts & Sciences.
    This dissertation examines the political argument of Plato’s Socratic dialogues. Common interpretations of these texts suggest, variously: that Socrates does not offer much in the way of a political theory; that Socrates does reflect on politics but ultimately rejects political institutions as irrelevant to his ethical concerns; that Socrates arrives at a political theory that either accepts or even celebrates free and democratic political arrangements. Against such interpretations, this dissertation examines Plato’s early work and demonstrates: that Socrates does engage in (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. Held Captive: Tolstoy, Nabokov, and the Aesthetics of Constraint.Gershkovich Tatyana - 2016 - Dissertation, Harvard University, Graduate School of Arts & Sciences.
    This dissertation examines a counterintuitive artistic imperative that emerged from the struggles of Leo Tolstoy and Vladimir Nabokov with an aesthetic problem of Kantian provenance. These two authors are widely considered to be opposed in their vision of art, but I show that their aesthetics in fact converge upon the same goal: to grant the reader a particular kind of freedom. These authors shared the Kantian view that aesthetic enjoyment requires that the reader not be constrained by any interest or (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. Correlation Between Philosophy and Politics: Complex Systems Approach to the Question.Hajiyeva Vasila - unknown
    The very fact of philosophical values necessitates its concretization in social life. Values are transferred through reflection of philosophical ideas in political sphere. The process proceeds as follows: philosophy → ideology → political life. In the course of politization of values, a part of them, incapable of matching the social structure, vanishes; another part – is privatized; third – specifies limits and dimensions of borders. Politization of philosophical values and their role in political processes differ from political institutions, stages of (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. Free Thinking.Croft James - 2016 - Dissertation, Harvard Graduate School of Education
    In this dissertation I offer a justification of the claim that the development of those faculties necessary for autonomy should be a primary goal of public education, available to all children. To do this I 1) place autonomy into the framework of Capability Theory, showing why autonomy is essential to a full concept of human freedom, cleaning up some rough edges in the Capability Theory literature in the process; 2) demonstrate how thinking of freedom in terms of Capability Theory elucidates (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. Rules of Disengagement: Author, Audience, and Experimentation in Ukrainian and Russian Literature of the 1970s and 1980s. [REVIEW]Kotsyuba Oleh - unknown
    Is there a direct correlation between the degree of an artist’s participation in ideologically defined discursive practices and the aesthetic value and expressive innovation of her or his work? How does the concept of the implied audience influence an author’s approach to the creative process? How relevant is the author’s own self-projection in her or his works to their aesthetic quality? Examining these and other questions, this dissertation studies the strategies of an artist’s engagement with or disengagement from repressive political (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. Rational Reconstruction and the Construction of an Interlocutor.Alexander Prescott-Couch - unknown
    There has been much recent work in philosophy of science on idealization – the way inaccurate representations can be used to understand a target system. My dissertation concerns a particular sort of idealization that is familiar but often overlooked: rational reconstruction. Rational reconstructions are “cleaned-up” – more coherent and accurate – versions of an individual’s or a group’s attitudes. They are the kind of idealized model that facilitates a crucial aim of the interpretive sciences, the understanding of another’s point of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. Kant's Science of the Moral World and Moral Objectivity.Palatnik Nataliya - unknown
    Kant’s Science of the Moral World and Moral ObjectivityCritics of Kant's moral philosophy often object that it cannot account for moral requirements that are both genuinely objective and contentful. Notwithstanding the long history of this dispute, Kantians have been unable to put these objections to rest. I argue that we can answer these objections and fully understand Kantian moral objectivity only if we consider Kant’s moral philosophy in light of his methodological and architectonic concerns. My dissertation takes up this task (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. Making Citizens of the Information Age: A Comparative Study of the First Computer Literacy Programs for Children in the United States, France, and the Soviet Union, 1970-1990.Boenig-Liptsin Margarita - unknown
    In this dissertation I trace the formation of citizens of the information age by comparing visions and practices to make children and the general public computer literate or cultured in the United States, France, and the Soviet Union. Computer literacy and computer culture programs in these three countries began in the early 1970s as efforts to adapt people to life in the information society as it was envisioned by scholars, thinkers, and practitioners in each cultural and sociopolitical context. The dissertation (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. Species, Humans, and Transformations.Enoch Lambert - unknown
    Do biological species have essences? The debate over this question in philosophy of biology exhibits fundamental confusion both between and within authors. In What to Salvage from the Species Essentialism Debate, I argue that the best way forward is to drop the question and its terms in order to make progress on two issues: how to individuate species taxa; and how to make sense of changes in explanatory frameworks across the Darwinian historical divide. I further argue that a primary motivation (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. Sufism and Ifa: Ways of Knowing in Two West African Intellectual Traditions.Ogunnaike Oludamini - unknown
    This dissertation examines and compares the epistemologies of two of the most popular West African intellectual traditions: Tijani Sufism and Ifa. Employing theories native to the traditions themselves and contemporary oral and textual sources, I examine how these traditions answer the questions: What is knowledge? How is it acquired? And How is it verified? Or more simply, “What do you know?,” “How did you come to know it?,” and “How do you know that you know?” After analyzing each tradition separately, (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. Loving, Valuing, Regretting, and Being Oneself.Na'aman Oded - unknown
    A meaningful life involves loving people and valuing things. We typically love our spouses, parents, children, siblings, and friends, and value our projects, activities, causes, and ideals. In virtue of such attachments, a meaningful life is also susceptible to regret of a distinctively personal kind. Our regrets about the misfortunes and harms that befall the people we love and the things we value reflect the extent to which we are implicated in the fate of those people and things, the extent, (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. Rationality, Practice Variation and Person‐Centred Health Policy: A Threshold Hypothesis.Benjamin Djulbegovic, Robert M. Hamm, Thomas Mayrhofer, Iztok Hozo & Jef Van den Ende - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):1121-1124.
    Variation in practice of medicine is one of the major health policy issues of today. Ultimately, it is related to physicians' decision making. Similar patients with similar likelihood of having disease are often managed by different doctors differently: some doctors may elect to observe the patient, others decide to act based on diagnostic testing and yet others may elect to treat without testing. We explain these differences in practice by differences in disease probability thresholds at which physicians decide to act: (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  48. The Metamorphosis of Punishment in the Law of Nations.Bradley Alan Hinshelwood - unknown
    This dissertation examines the disappearance of punishment as a justification for interstate war in European political theory, and its rise as an individualized process applicable to what modern-day scholars call “war crimes.” This metamorphosis occurred over the course of roughly a century and a half of debate in natural law theory, initiated by the publication of Hugo Grotius’s De jure belli in 1625. This work touched off two parallel and often closely related debates about the precise scope of natural law (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. On Perception's Role in Aristotle’s Epistemology.Marc Gasser - unknown
    Aristotle thinks all our knowledge comes from perception. Yet he doesn't say much about the sense in which our knowledge might be based on or derived from the things we perceive. So what exactly does perception contribute to the more advanced cognitive states that make up our intellectual lives, and how should we understand the nature of its contribution? I argue that perception contributes to these more advanced states by putting us in touch with particular things in a way that's (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. The Measure of All Things: Natural Hierarchy in Roman Republican Thought.Erika Lawren Nickerson - unknown
    This work explores how writers of the late Roman Republic use the concept of nature rhetorically, in order to talk about and either reinforce or challenge social inequality. Comparisons between humans and animals receive special attention, since writers of that time often equate social status with natural status by assimilating certain classes of person to certain classes of animal. It is the aim of this study to clarify the ideology which supported the conflation of natural and social hierarchy, by explicating (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  51. Beyond the Letters: The Question of Language in the Teachings of Rabbi Dov Baer of Mezritch.Evan Mayse - unknown
    This thesis examines the philosophy of language of Rabbi Dov Baer of Mezritch, one of the most influential and creative early Hasidic masters, and the teacher whose students effectively created the Hasidic movement. I argue that Dov Baer offers an innovative approach to the role of language in religious life and its relationship to the inner workings of the human psyche. In contrast to scholars who emphasize aspects of Dov Baer’s thought that idealize silence, my research demonstrates that he embraced (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  52. Purpose and Education: The Case of Mathematics.Houman Harouni - unknown
    Why do schools teach mathematics, and why do they teach the mathematics that they do? In this three-part dissertation, I argue that the justifications offered by national education systems are not convincing, and that students are tested on content whose purpose neither they nor their teachers clearly understand. In the first part of the dissertation, I propose a theoretical framework for understanding the content and pedagogy of school mathematics as a set of practices reflecting socio-political values, particularly in relation to (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  53. Apophatic Measures: Toward a Theology of Irreducible Particularity.R. Brad Bannon - unknown
    Apophatic Measures: Toward a Theology of Irreducible Particularity is a work of constructive comparative theology examining select writings of Śaṅkara and Nicholas of Cusa. It argues that, for Śaṅkara and Cusa, apophasis does not culminate in what Michael Sells calls a “semantic event,” but instead in a sensual event. For each, negation removes intellectual distractions, awakening one to a heightened state of sensual attentiveness. For Śaṅkara, this is observed in the embodied encounter wherein a teacher incarnates Vedānta scripture to reveal (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  54. Against the Sanctity of Life.Peter Suber - unknown
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  55. Becoming Free.Peter Suber - unknown
  56. Classical Skepticism.Peter Suber - unknown
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  57. Geometry and Arithmetic Are Synthetic.Peter Suber - 2011 - .
  58. Mind and Baud Rate.Peter Suber - unknown
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  59. Stages of Argument.Peter Suber - unknown
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  60. The Problem of Beginning.Peter Suber - unknown
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  61. Abstract of The Place of Philosophy in the Humanities: A Statistical Profile.Peter Suber - unknown
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  62. Preface and Introduction.Peter Suber - 1956 - Synthese 10:5-9.
  63. A Crash Course in the Mathematics of Infinite Sets.Peter Suber - unknown
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  64. To Become Again What We Never Were: Foucault and the Politics of Transformation.Tara Marie Dankel - unknown
    This dissertation began with two questions. First, how does Michel Foucault understand ethical subject formation as demonstrated in his late work? Second, does the failure of environmental activism in the United States to achieve radical change in individuals' perspectives and practices derive from a faulty understanding of the human subject? I address these questions in two stages. In the body of the dissertation--through close reading in French of the courses at the Collège de France from 1981-1984 and Foucault's late interviews, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  65. Ideas in Practice: The Political Economy of Chinese State Intervention During the New Policies Period.Yinan Luo - unknown
    I take the New Policies period to be a critical juncture in Chinese history during which, for the first time, the Chinese state initiated systematic intervention into the market. This period witnessed the failure of plans to shape the collective action of bureaucrats and coordinate market actors through a host of organizing mechanisms. I explain why the policy makers in this historical process failed to incorporate and organize the ideas and interests of social actors, political elites and relevant bureaucracies into (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  66. The Age of Responsibility: On the Role of Choice, Luck and Personal Responsibility in Contemporary Politics and Philosophy.Yascha B. Mounk - unknown
    The value of “personal responsibility” increasingly stands at the center of contemporary discussions about distributive justice and the welfare state. While deep disagreements about who is responsible for which acts and outcomes persist, a wide range of thinkers accepts the normative premise that an individual’s claim to assistance from the collectivity should depend, in part, on whether or not they have acted “responsibly” in the past. Drawing on the recent history of moral and political philosophy, the social sciences, and political (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  67. School-Based Data Teams Ask the Darnedest Questions About Statistics: Three Essays in the Epistemology of Statistical Consulting and Teaching.Sean Stanley Parker - unknown
    The essays in this thesis attempt to answer the most difficult questions that I have faced as a teacher and consultant for school-based data teams. When we report statistics to our fellow educators, what do we say and what do we leave unsaid? What do averages mean when no student is average? Why do we treat our population of students as infinite when we test for statistical significance? I treat these as important philosophical questions. In the first essay, I use (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  68. Tipping the Scales: Social Justice and Educational Measurement.Zachary Stein - unknown
    In this work I address foundational concerns at the interface of educational measurement and social justice. Following John Rawls’s philosophical methods, I build and justify an ethical framework for guiding practices involving educational measurement. This framework demonstrates that educational measurement is critical to insuring, or inhibiting, just educational arrangements. It also clarifies a principled distinction between efficiency-oriented testing and justice-oriented testing. In order to explore the feasibility and utility of this proposed framework, I employ it to analyze several historical case (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  69. Essays on Biological Individuality.Austin Greeley Booth - unknown
    Much of biology, especially evolutionary theory, makes assumptions about the individuality of living things. A population, for example, is made up of individuals. Those individuals sometimes reproduce, creating new individuals. The very use of these concepts requires that living individuals can be distinguished both synchronically and diachronically. There are many examples in nature, however, in which a living system is present, but it is not clear how to understand that system's individuality. Plants, fungi, colonial marine invertebrates, insect colonies, and symbiosis (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  70. The Self-Body Problem in Descartes and Malebranche.Colin William Chamberlain - 2014 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    Descartes and Malebranche often seem to argue that the self is identical to an immaterial thinking substance distinct from the body. But there are also many passages where they insist that the body is part of the self. This means that Descartes and Malebranche have a problem, since they seem to endorse three mutually inconsistent propositions: I am an immaterial thinking thing. Immaterial things don't have bodily parts. I include my body as part of myself. I call this puzzle the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  71. The Normativity of Structural Rationality.David Joseph Langlois - unknown
    Many of us take for granted that rationality requires that we have our attitudes combined only in certain ways. For example, we are required not to hold inconsistent beliefs or intentions and we are required to intend any means we see as crucial to our ends. But attempts to justify claims like these face two problems. First, it is unclear what unifies the rational domain and determines what is rationally required of us. This is the content problem. Second, as philosophers (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  72. 'Making People Happy, Not Making Happy People': A Defense of the Asymmetry Intuition in Population Ethics.Johann David Frick - unknown
    This dissertation provides a defense of the normative intuition known as the Procreation Asymmetry, according to which there is a strong moral reason not to create a life that will foreseeably not be worth living, but there is no moral reason to create a life just because it would foreseeably be worth living. Chapter 1 investigates how to reconcile the Procreation Asymmetry with our intuitions about another recalcitrant problem case in population ethics: Derek Parfit's Non-Identity Problem. I show that what (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  73. Needs and Opportunities in Mineral Evolution Research.R. M. Hazen, A. Bekker, D. L. Bish, W. Bleeker, R. T. Downs, J. Farquhar, J. M. Ferry, E. S. Grew, Andrew Herbert Knoll, D. Papineau, J. P. Ralph, D. A. Sverjensky & J. W. Valley - unknown
    Progress in understanding mineral evolution, Earth’s changing near-surface mineralogy through time, depends on the availability of detailed information on mineral localities of known ages and geologic settings. A comprehensive database including this information, employing the mindat.org web site as a platform, is now being implemented. This resource will incorporate software to correlate a range of mineral occurrences and properties vs. time, and it will thus facilitate studies of the chang- ing diversity, distribution, associations, and characteristics of individual minerals as well (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  74. Substance and Sense: Objects of Power in the Life, Writings, and Legacy of the Tibetan Ritual Master Sog Bzlog Pa Blo Gros Rgyal Mtshan.James Duncan Gentry - unknown
    This thesis is a reflection upon objects of power and their roles in the lives of people through the lens of a single case example: power objects as they appear throughout the narrative, philosophical, and ritual writings of the Tibetan Buddhist ritual specialist Sog bzlog pa Blo gros rgyal mtshan and his milieu. This study explores their discourse on power objects specifically for what it reveals about how human interactions with certain kinds of objects encourage the flow of power and (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  75. Twisted Threads: Genesis, Development and Application of the Term and Concept of Tawatur in Islamic Thought.Suheil Ismail Laher - unknown
    Tawātur is the concept that if we obtain the same information through a sufficient number of independent channels, we reach certainty about that data. When applied to the transmission of Qur'ān and hadith texts, tawātur can serve as a means by which to assert the truth of a source-text, which in turn has implications for correctness of the religious belief or practice that is conveyed by the text, and hence the orthodoxy of one accepting or rejecting it.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  76. No Metaphysics Within Physics?Elizabeth Louise Miller - 2014 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    This dissertation has three parts. In "Quantum Entanglement, Bohmian Mechanics, and Humean Supervenience," I defend David Lewis's metaphysical doctrine of Humean supervenience, and traditional metaphysical reductionism more generally, against an alleged holistic threat encapsulated in the non-separability argument from quantum entanglement. I argue that, contrary to popular belief, realism about quantum mechanics is compatible with Humean reductionism.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  77. Providence: From Pronoia to Immanent Affirmation in John Calvin's Institutes of 1559.Michelle Chaplin Sanchez - unknown
    Over the twentieth century and into the present, theorists of secularization and political theology have explored ways that theological arguments have shaped the social, ethical, economic, and political imaginaries of the modern West. In many of these studies, the doctrine of providence has come under scrutiny alongside related theological debates over of the nature of divine sovereignty, glory, the will, and the significance of immanent life in relation to divine transcendence. While it is often taken for granted that the Calvinist (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  78. The Poetics of Diagram.John Hyong Kim - unknown
    This dissertation treats the diagram as a literary object. It explains how the diagram structured the conditions of possibility of a world-literary modernity as it emerged in the late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century. Caught between the competing epistemic regimes of scientific and humanistic knowledge, as well as between the clash of cultures, East and West, the diagram's potential as a scientifically neutral, and thus, "universal" language was deployed and redeployed in complex ways: just as the diagram was used to reveal (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  79. Progressivism's Aesthetic Education: The Bildungsroman and the Struggle for the American School, 1890-1920.Jesse Benjamin Raber - unknown
    During the Progressive Era, literary writers such as Abraham Cahan, Willa Cather, and Charlotte Perkins Gilman engaged with ideas emerging from the newly consolidated educational profession about art's capacity to mediate between individual and social development. These ideas varied widely in their philosophical, pedagogical, and political implications, but all reinforced the authority of professional educators at the expense of democratically elected boards of education. Novels working through these ideas can be usefully theorized as Bildungsromane if the definition of the Bildungsroman (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  80. Wrongs Without Rights.Nicolas Browne Cornell - unknown
    How do rights relate to moral complaints? What is the relationship between our moral entitlements---the obligations that are owed to us---and the moral complaints that we can make---our claims to have been wronged?
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  81. Intellectual Property Rights and Institutions: A Pluralist Account.Michael Edward Kenneally - unknown
    Debates over intellectual property's justifications tend to treat natural rights and utilitarian accounts as competitors, but they should be seen as complements instead. Lockean and Kantian theories of intellectual property highlight the strong interests that intellectual property creators have in profiting from and exercising some degree of control over their work, but neither theory gives sufficient justification for the full assortment of rights that intellectual property owners have under current law. Utilitarian accounts provide an essential supplement to these natural rights (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  82. Assembling the Cure: Materia Medica and the Culture of Healing in Late Imperial China.He Bian - unknown
    This dissertation examines the intersection between the culture of knowledge and socio-economic conditions of late Ming and Qing China through the lens of materia medica. I argue that medicine in China during this time developed new characteristics that emphasized the centrality of drugs as objects of pharmacological knowledge, commodities valued by authenticity and efficacy, and embodiment of medical skills and expertise. My inquiry contributes to a deeper understanding of the materiality of healing as a basic condition in early modern societies: (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  83. Logocratic Method and the Analysis of Arguments in Evidence.Scott Brewer - unknown
    Legal analysis is dominated by legal arguments, and the assessment of any legal claim requires the assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of those arguments. The ‘logocratic’ method is a systematic method for assessing the strengths and weaknesses of arguments. More specifically, it is a method designed to help the analyst determine what degree of warrant the premises of an argument provide for its conclusion. Although the method is applicable to any type of argument, this essay focuses on the logocratic (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  84. ER22x: JusticeX: Spring 2013 Course Report.Blair Justin Fire Reich, Sergiy O. Nesterko, Daniel Thomas Seaton, Tommy Philip Mullaney, James H. Waldo, Isaac Chuang & Andrew Dean Ho - unknown
    ER22x was offered as a HarvardX course in Spring 2013 on edX, a platform for massive open online courses (MOOCs). It was taught by Professor Michael Sandel. The report was prepared by researchers external to the course team, based on an examination of the courseware, analyses of data collected by the edX platform, and interviews with the course faculty and team members.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  85. Precise of The Contents of Visual Experience.Susanna Siegel - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 163 (3):813-816.
  86. Hunting for Happiness: Aristotle and the Good of Action.Don Tontiplaphol - unknown
    The starting point of the dissertation is a special kind of intentional action -- Aristotelian praxis, or, in a more metaphysical register, energeia -- a kind whose agent's intention in acting must be expressible as the deliverance of one's prohairesis , action that is the embodiment of one's conception of eupraxia , and, equivalently, of eudaimonia . It is special, since not all that we intentionally do can be intelligibly expressed as the deliverance of our conceptions of acting well. Recognition (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  87. Priority Setting for HIV and Mental Health in Mexico: Historical, Quantitative and Ethical Perspectives.Adriane Hunsberger Gelpi - unknown
    Mexico's innovative health reforms have attracted scholarly attention beyond its own borders, making it a valuable case to study how countries set priorities. This dissertation examines the multifaceted topic of priority setting through a multidisciplinary approach: each of the three papers of this dissertation employs one of three disciplinary perspectives: historical, quantitative or normative. The dual focus on mental health and HIV--two highly stigmatized diseases with almost opposite histories of prioritization--further underscores the social and historical aspects of health priority setting.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  88. Philosophy in Any Language: Interaction Between Arabic, Sanskrit, and Persian Intellectual Cultures in Mughal South Asia.Shankar Ayillath Nair - unknown
    This dissertation examines three contemporaneous religious philosophers active in early modern South Asia: Muhibb Allah Ilahabadi , Madhusudana Sarasvati , and the Safavid philosopher, Mir Findiriski . These figures, two Muslim and one Hindu, were each prominent representatives of religious thought as it occurred in one of the three pan-imperial languages of the Mughal Empire: Arabic, Sanskrit, and Persian. In this study, I re-trace the trans-regional scholarly networks in which each of the figures participated, and then examine the various ways (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  89. Papers on and Around the Access Problem.Sharon Elizabeth Berry - unknown
    The three papers which make up this dissertation form part of a larger project, which aims to solve the `access problem' for realism about mathematics by providing a clear and plausible example of what a satisfying explanation of human accuracy about objective mathematical facts could look like. They fit into this project as follows.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  90. The Power of a Practical Conclusion and Essays in the Economic Analysis of Legal Systems.Patricio A. Fernandez - unknown
    Part One defends the thesis, first advanced by Aristotle, that the conclusion of practical reasoning is an action, and argues for its philosophical significance. Opposition to the thesis rests on a contestable way of distinguishing between acts and contents of reasoning and on a picture of normative principles as external to the actions that fall under them. The resulting view forces us to choose between the efficacious, world-changing character of practical thought and its subjection to objective rational standards. This is (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  91. Stylistic Virtue in Nineteenth-Century Fiction.Matthew Benjamin Sussman - unknown
    To many readers, the Victorian novel is synonymous with moral insight and Victorian criticism with moral philistinism. While the novel remains celebrated for its complex treatment of decision-making and sympathy, the evaluative judgments of Victorian critics have been dismissed as thematically reductive and imprecise. However, this study argues that the virtue terms that pervade Victorian discourse--words like "natural," "manly," "lucid," and "sincere"--invest sentence-level stylistic properties with ethical value because they embody aesthetic character. Rather than focus on the novel's action, characters, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  92. Conceptualism and Objectivity in Locke's Account of Natural Kinds.Allison Sara Kuklok - unknown
    Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding is considered by many to be the locus classicus of a number of influential arguments for conventionalism, according to which there are no objective, privileged ways of classifying things in the natural world. In the dissertation I argue that Locke never meant to reject natural kinds. Still, the challenge is to explain how, within a metaphysics that explicitly denies mind-independent essences, we can make sense of a privileged, objective sorting of substances. I argue that we (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  93. Duties of Rescue: A Moderate Account.Craig Takeshi Nishimoto - unknown
    This dissertation clarifies a challenge present in Peter Singer's famine-relief argument and offers a new account of our moral duties of rescue. The challenge, in essence, is to differentiate two classes of idealized rescue scenarios where one faces the opportunity to rescue someone from serious peril, and to differentiate them in way that both avoids a shockingly demanding conclusion and effectively counteracts the suspicion that one is maintaining and merely rationalizing a self-serving position. To meet this challenge I provide an (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  94. Kant's Typo, and the Limits of the Law.Marie E. Newhouse - unknown
    This dissertation develops a Kantian philosophical framework for understanding our individual obligations under public law. Because we have a right to do anything that is not wrong, the best interpretation of Immanuel Kant's Universal Principle of Right tracks the two ways--material and formal--in which actions can be wrong. This interpretation yields surprising insights, most notably a novel formulation of Kant's standard for formal wrongdoing. Because the wrong-making property of a formally wrong action does not depend on whether or not the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  95. Self and Other in the Renaissance: Laonikos Chalkokondyles and Late Byzantine Intellectuals.Aslihan Akisik - unknown
    The capture of Constantinople by the Ottoman armies of Mehmed II in 1453 was a cataclysmic event that reverberated throughout Renaissance Europe. This event intensified the exodus of Byzantines to Italy and beyond and they brought along with them the heritage of Greek antiquity. Laonikos Chalkokondyles contributed to the Renaissance with his detailed application of Herodotos to the fifteenth century, Apodeixis Historion, and made sense of the rise of the Ottomans with the lens of ancient history. The Apodeixis was printed (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  96. Revitalizing Romanticism: Novalis' Fichte Studien and the Philosophy of Organic Nonclosure.Kristin Alise Jones - unknown
    This dissertation offers a re-interpretation of Novalis' Fichte Studien. I argue that several recent scholarly readings of this text unnecessarily exclude "organicism," or a panentheistic notion of the Absolute, in favor of "nonclosure," or the endless, because impossibly completed search for knowledge of the Absolute. My reading instead shows that, in his earliest philosophical text, Novalis makes the case for a Kantian discursive consciousness that can know itself, on Jacobian grounds, to be the byproduct of a self-conditioning being or organism, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  97. Quantum Times: Physics, Philosophy, and Time in the Postwar United States.Lisa Crystal - unknown
    The concept of time in physics underwent significant changes in the decades following World War II. This dissertation considers several ways in which American physicists grappled with these changes, analyzing the extent to which philosophical methods and questions played a role in physicists' engagement with time. Two lines of questioning run through the dissertation. The first asks about the professional identities of postwar American physicists in relation to philosophy, as exemplified by their engagement with the concept of time. The second (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  98. Indignant Reading.Lesley Anne Goodman - unknown
    In 1871, R. H. Hutton criticized George Eliot for "unfairly running down one of her own characters": Middlemarch's Rosamond Vincy. Hutton blamed Eliot for being cruel to her own creation and used his role as a reader and a critic to lodge a public complaint on Rosamond's behalf. Indignant Reading identifies this response--dissatisfaction and even anger with an author for his/her perceived mistreatment of a fictional character--as a common occasion for literary criticism in the nineteenth century. The indignant readings found (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  99. The Commonwealth as Agent: Group Action, the Common Good, and the General Will.[author unknown] - unknown
    In this dissertation, I argue for a Rousseauvian vision of an ideal society: one in which the people constitute a group agent, unified under a collective will, willing action that constitutes the common good. Most have tended to believe that the contrasts between an individual agent and an entire people are stark, and so accounts of the commonwealth that appeal to group agency at all usually emphasize the differences between them. I will argue, however, that members of a society collectively (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark