OAI Archive: Academic Commons

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Academic Commons"

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  1. Cosmopolitan Education and the Creation of Value.Gonzalo Obelleiro - unknown
    In recent decades, the idea of cosmopolitanism has enjoyed renewed interest and rapid development across disciplines in the humanities and the social sciences. Theoretical developments in the foundations of cosmopolitan education, however, remain in their nascent stages. In this investigation, I address the question of the nature and dynamics of values in cosmopolitan perspective and develop a philosophical account of value creation as central to cosmopolitan education. The conclusion of this investigation is that in a world increasingly interconnected and intensely (...)
     
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  2. Eleven Theses on Sound and Transcendence.Brian Kane - unknown
    How can technê both imitate nature, and thus duplicate the model that nature provides, while simultaneously perfecting or accomplishing what nature cannot achieve? Where would technê have learned its skill at fulfilling nature’s ends (and better than nature itself)? How can technê be both disciple and master of physis? The Peripatetic’s competing views about the relationship of physis and technê cannot be consistently reconciled (with apologies to the apologetic Ancient commentators). If technê comes to the aid of physis, and brings (...)
     
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  3. Simone Weil on Attention and Education: Can Love Be Taught?Kazuaki Yoda - unknown
    The concern of this study is the loss of the meaning or purpose of education and the instrumental view of education as its corollary. Today, education is largely conceived of as a means to gain social and economic privilege. The overemphasis on school children's test scores and the accountability of teachers and schools is evidence that education has lost its proper meaning. In such a climate, we observe general unhappiness among teachers, school children, and their parents. Society as a whole (...)
     
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  4. The Teacher as Mathematician: Problem Solving for Today's Social Context.Holly Brewster - unknown
    A current trend in social justice oriented education research is the promotion of certain intellectual virtues that support epistemic responsibility, or differently put, the dispositions necessary to be a good knower. On the surface, the proposition of epistemically responsible teaching, or teaching students to be responsible knowers is innocuous, even banal. In the mathematics classroom, however, it is patently at odds with current practice and with the stated goals of mathematics education. This dissertation begins by detailing the extant paradigm in (...)
     
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  5. Reflective Teacher Narratives: The Merging of Practical Wisdom, Narrative, and Teaching.Cara Furman - unknown
    Responding to current concerns about the quality of public education, in this dissertation I look at teacher development. Specifically, I take up the question: how do we promote teacher flourishing? Though the "we" refers to anyone with a vested interest in education, my primary audience is teachers, administrators, and teacher educators. From this lens I investigate questions of how the teaching life can connect the teacher to the good life. I address this from two perspectives. More broadly, I ask: How (...)
     
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  6. Moral Perception and Education in the World Today.Kyung Hwa Jung - unknown
    Moral perception is the non-inferential moral awareness immediately associated with moral emotion and action. Unfortunately, moral blindness, the incapability of moral perception, is frequently observed in the contemporary world. In order to account for the prevalence of moral blindness moral perception needs to be illuminated first, and the central purpose of this investigation is to elucidate the core property of moral perception. Moral perception has been denied by many modern moral theorists for a long time, but moral perception is an (...)
     
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  7. Reading For Childhood in Philosophy and Literature: An Ethical Practice for Educators.Stephanie Burdick-Shepherd - unknown
    Despite the ubiquitous presence of children in society, the dominant discourse of childhood does not admit room for much of the complexity that the condition of children presents. This project shows that reading for childhood in philosophy and literature makes space for re-imagining childhood as a complex and valuable concept that impacts both the experience of children and their relationships with others and the world. This project situates childhood as a magnified time of growth and development, a unique aspect of (...)
     
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  8. Historical Perspectives on the Crisis of the University.Michael Schapira - unknown
    The beginning of the 21th century has not been a particularly stable period for the university, at least if you trust the steady stream of books, articles, jeremiads and statements from public officials lamenting its fallen status and calling for bold reforms. Such a state of affairs has allowed critics and reformers alike to axiomatically evoke the "crisis" of the university, but this begs several questions: Are universities in a genuine state of crisis? If so, what are the root causes (...)
     
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  9. Translation of Chiara Cappelletto, "The Puppet's Paradox: An Organic Prosthesis".Steve J. Baker - unknown
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  10. The Distortion of Discussion.David I. Backer - unknown
    This dissertation addresses a common, but troubling, educational interaction: when a facilitator (whether teacher, professor, or organizer) announces that a discussion will take place about some subject or question, but proceeds to speak at length and field questions regarding that subject. In this case, a controlled and unequal form of interaction known as recitation has occurred, though the interaction was called a "discussion" at the outset. Since discussion, as a form of interaction, connotes democracy, equality, and freedom, this interaction (where (...)
     
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  11. The Value of Humanity.L. Nandi Theunissen - unknown
    My dissertation is on foundational questions about the value of human beings. This is a Kantian topic but I develop a proposal in a non-Kantian framework. I argue that to be a Kantian in ethics is to be committed to rationalism, but that the foundations of ethics should take account of the nature of human beings and our circumstances in the world. I develop a non-Kantian theory in which the value of human beings is no different, metaphysically speaking, from the (...)
     
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  12. Democratic Equality and Public Education.Marilyn Robb - unknown
    This project seeks to address the way in which democratic citizens are equal, and the kind of equality of opportunity that follows from this notion of equality. I will then apply this theoretical discussion to public education, a fundamental component of any notion of equality of opportunity. I am asserting principles that may inform questions of equality in any democracy, but I am giving specific content to the way these ideals have been articulated in one particular democracy. Because I ultimately (...)
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  13. Justifying Beliefs Acquired Through Testimony: A Developmental Account.Dorothy Chen - unknown
    There are some things we know that we would not normally doubt. Take my birth date for example. I was born on the 17th of July 1991. I think I know this, and am fairly certain about it. But do I really know my birth date? And, if so, how do I know? Surely, it would be too much to ask of my newborn self to check the calendar on the delivery room wall and say to itself, “I must remember (...)
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  14. Conceptualizing Literature Pedagogy: World, Global, and Cosmopolitan Orientations to Teaching Literature in English.Suzanne Shen Li Choo - unknown
    While there is a wealth of research about literary history, literary genres, and the nature of the literary text, research on approaches to teaching literature that shape the interpretation and reception of the text is insufficient. My overarching aim in this study is to conceptualize literature pedagogy across the historical evolution of the field of literature in English. Underlying literature pedagogy are beliefs about the good of teaching literature. Consequently, the teaching of literature is a form of values education. In (...)
     
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  15. Nono and Marxist Aesthetics.Joshua Cody - unknown
    This essay discusses the work of the Venetian composer Luigi Nono (29 January 1924 - 8 May 1990) in the context of Marxist aesthetics. Nono is the most explicitly political member of the Darmstadt generation. A card-carrying member of the Communist party whose titles and texts often directly refer to political personages and events, Nono bids the listener or critic to confront the problematic of political expression in instrumental music, a subject of inquiry at least as old as Plato (to (...)
     
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  16. An Unknown Exegete: Uncovering the Biblical Theology of Elizabeth Barrett Browning.Anthony J. Elia - unknown
    The present essay provides a survey of a previously unexplored, formative period in the life of the famed Victorian English poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning (EBB). Her personal Bibles (Hebrew, LXX, and Greek New Testament), held in The Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary/Columbia University, have been discovered to contain Barrett Browning’s own extensive handwritten notes. These notes demonstrate that EBB read extensively among the biblical exegetes and scholars of the day, many of whom influenced her reading of the text. The (...)
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  17. Anteros: On Friendship Between Rivals and Rivalry Between Friends.Dror Post - unknown
    This dissertation is about friendship and rivalry and, particularly, about the connection between them. The main argument of the dissertation is that friendship, philia, and rivalry, eris, are interconnected and that the failure to recognize this interconnection leads to violence and destruction. More specifically, I argue that every philia, friendship, contains elements of eris, of difference and disagreement, and that the failure to provide a space for these elements within the philia relationship results in the collapse of the friendship. Similarly, (...)
     
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  18. Descartes' Slight and Metaphysical Doubt.Chloe Layman - unknown
    The goal of my dissertation is to argue that Descartes arrives at his account of self-knowledge by grappling with skepticism about introspection. As I interpret him, Descartes has his meditator attempt to undermine introspection so that he can replace his former beliefs about his mind's nature and activities with an account of self-knowledge that is immune from doubt. Just as he must show that reason and sense perception are sources of knowledge because they can withstand his skeptical challenges, he must (...)
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  19. The Rational Significance of Desire.Avery Archer - 2013 - Dissertation, Columbia University
    My dissertation addresses the question "do desires provide reasons?" I present two independent lines of argument in support of the conclusion that they do not. The first line of argument emerges from the way I circumscribe the concept of a desire. Complications aside, I conceive of a desire as a member of a family of attitudes that have imperative content, understood as content that displays doability-conditions rather than truth-conditions. Moreover, I hold that an attitude may provide reasons only if it (...)
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  20. Citizen-Subjectivity, Experiential Evaluation, and Activist Strategies: Explaining Algerian Violence and Polish Peace Under Authoritarian Rule.Sayres Steven Rudy - unknown
    This project explains Polish non-violence and Algerian violence under martial law following peaceful protests against comparable material deprivation and authoritarian political exclusion. From narratives of state formation, institutional performance, and social movement evolution in postwar Poland and postcolonial Algeria a conditional model derives violent and non-violent opposition strategies from divergent practical citizenship regimes in formally similar autocratic systems. It argues that distinct regimes of citizen-subjectivity under authoritarian governance foster divergent practices of resistance and evaluations of states before and during emergency (...)
     
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  21. On Schools of Preaching.Matthew Vaughan - unknown
    This essay is intended to (re)introduce schools of preaching to the academic and ministerial communities within Churches of Christ (a cappella). It makes a call for more rigorous and sustained engagement with these schools and their theologies. In doing so, this essay is intended to shed light on a neglected topic and provide an extensive bibliography to lay the groundwork for future research and writing. The essay presents these schools as educational institutions under three broad headings: locating the schools of (...)
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  22. Review of Paul D. Spears and Steven R. Loomis, Education for Human Flourishing: A Christian Perspective, Christian Worldview Integration Series. [REVIEW]Matthew Vaughan - unknown
    This is a book review of Paul D. Spears and Steven R. Loomis, "Education for Human Flourishing: A Christian Perspective." As a theologically trained educator working in the public school system, I often struggle to integrate my theological convictions into my professional life. It was, therefore, refreshing to see that Paul Spears and Steven Loomis have given Christian educators a framework within which to address that integration in their new Education for Human Flourishing: A Christian Perspective.Their goal was to articulate (...)
     
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  23. Si' Come Dice Lo Filosofo: Translating Philosophy in the Early Italian Lyric.Akash Kumar - unknown
    This study pushes back to the origins of the Italian lyric tradition in order to demonstrate that the impulse to distill the highest levels of intellectual culture into the vernacular love lyric was present from the very inception of the poetic vernacular. I aim to nuance our understanding of the divide between the early schools of poetry as determined by Dante in his role as a literary historian by analyzing early experiments in vulgarizing philosophy and science in the lyric production (...)
     
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  24. Making the Old New Again and Again: Legitimation and Innovation in the Tibetan Buddhist Chöd Tradition.Michelle Janet Sorensen - unknown
    My dissertation offers a revisionary history of the early development of Chöd, a philosophy and practice that became integral to all Tibetan Buddhist schools. Recent scholars have interpreted Chöd ahistorically, considering it as a shamanic tradition consonant with indigenous Tibetan practices. In contrast, through a study of the inception, lineages, and praxis of Chöd, my dissertation argues that Chöd evolved through its responses to particular Buddhist ideas and developments during the "later spread" of Buddhism in Tibet. I examine the efforts (...)
     
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  25. The Muslim Community Through the Muslim Individual.Rebecca Lynn Faulkner - unknown
    The philosophy of Muhammad Iqbal offers a new way of thinking about what it means to be an individual and suggests a course of action which celebrates the individual and by doing so describes what he thinks a Muslim individual (and therefore community) should be. My previous paper was an investigation into the question of individuality and the evolution of that question over time worked around a concept of individual in terms of inner unity of consciousness, self-recognition and identification, and (...)
     
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  26. Approaching the Individual: Survey of Descartes, Locke, Husserl, and Nagel.Rebecca Lynn Faulkner - unknown
    The modern Western concept of the individual begins first with the question of oneness. What does it means to be one? Herein I will briefly discuss how Descartes, Locke, Husserl, and Nagel, as important and interesting philosophers on this idea, treat the concept of the individual. Though this paper deals with a modern Western concept, it does so in the interest of providing philosophical background to my larger research interest in Muhammad Iqbal's ideas of the individual and the individual's relationship (...)
     
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  27. The Puzzling Inventory of Life.Elena Casetta - unknown
    In this paper I introduce the concept of biodiversity by means of its peculiar story and defend the importance of biodiversity as an autonomous object of scientific enquiry (Sections 1 and 2). I then discuss two difficulties, (i) the lack of an agreed definition and (ii) the elusiveness of the notion of biodiversity. While I argue that (i) is a problem that can be handled, I suggest that (ii) follows from the vagueness of the concept of diversity and its cognate (...)
     
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  28. “Ingenuous Investigators”: Antonio Vallisneri's Correspondents and the Making of Natural Knowledge in 18th-Century Italy.Ivano Dal Prete - unknown
    In the last two centuries, science has been regarded as the most important agent of change and progress in our society. The narrative of how and why it came to be such a commanding force contributed powerfully to this perception. The rise of modern science has long been portrayed as the triumph of human reason over superstition and authority; its history, a gallery adorned with the images of heroes like Copernicus, Galileo or Darwin who upheld self-evident facts against the prejudices (...)
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  29. John P. Gunnemann, The Moral Meaning of Revolution.Cornel West - unknown
    This book's basic aim is "to clarify the relationship between revolutionary practice and moral reasoning" (p. 2). This aim primarily involves presenting a complex argument to show that revolution cannot be justified in the usual sense of what it means to justify an act precisely because the ordinary moral courts of appeal are called into question by revolutionaries. This is so because, for Gunnemann, revolution is, fundamentally, a rejection of an existing understanding of the problem of evil and an attempt (...)
     
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  30. Review of Louis Dupré, Marx's Social Critique of Culture. [REVIEW]Cornel West - unknown
    Despite the proliferation of fine works on Marx, Dupré's learned text deserves attention. This is so because it provides a superb critical exposition of the complex development of Marx's social vision and theory as well as a provocative organicist critique of cultural disintegration in the modern West. In his close readings of Marx's works—from the doctoral dissertation to the third volume of Capital—Dupré displays an intellectual patience, historical sensitivity, and philosophical acumen rarely found in scholarly treatments of Marx. By refusing (...)
     
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  31. Review of Nicholas Rescher, Pascal's Wager: A Study of Practical Reasoning in Philosophical Theology. [REVIEW]Cornel West - unknown
    The immeasurable impact of Pascal is rarely appreciated or understood by contemporary thinkers. On the one hand, Pascal is lauded by literary critics for his writing style while his philosophical contributions are overlooked. On the other hand, Pascal is trivialized by analytic philosophers who view his wager argument as but a poor instance of decision theory. Nicholas Reseller's book is distinctive in that it takes Pascal seriously as a philosopher in light of past and present theological modes of argumentation. As (...)
     
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  32. Three Poems.Sharon Olds - unknown
    Of science and religion I have little to say today. I imagine there are those born and raised as atheists, those who convert to atheism, and those for whom, like me, atheism—I guess I would call mine atheistic paganism—came like a sort of salvation compared to the emphasis on Satan and hell that I was raised with. At the same time, anything that makes anyone's life more pleasurable, not to say bearable, without at the same time making someone else's less (...)
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  33. Hegel, Hermeneutics, Politics: A Reply to Charles Taylor.Cornel West - unknown
    The increasing interest in Hegel among legal scholars can be attributed to three recent developments. First, there is a slow but sure historicist turn in legal studies that is unsettling legal formalists and positivists. This turn—initiated by legal realists decades ago and deepened by the Critical Legal Studies movement in our own time—radically calls into question objectivist claims about procedure, due process, and the liberal view of law. Second, there are a growing number of serious reexaminations of the basic assumptions (...)
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  34. The Golden Triangle.James Forbes - unknown
    I am in need of the experience of love, of receiving love. Therefore I would like to approach the time I have before you as a kind of experience in love, so that we can, for a while, talk about love: what it is; what restrains it; what may perhaps help to retrain it; and what its implications might be personally, in family, in community, in institutions, and in our nation. So, please: I've had a difficult week, and I am (...)
     
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  35. Love Relations of the Heterosexual Couple.Otto Kernberg - unknown
    In this talk, I want to convey some of the psychoanalytic understanding of sexual love—the loving relationship of a couple—that a number of researchers, clinicians, and theoreticians in various countries have achieved regarding what keeps a couple together and what tends to separate them. I've been influenced by my own study of personality disorders and by my work in recent years in treating couples in serious conflict, as well as by the psychoanalytic literature. The subject is so vast that I (...)
     
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  36. Do Not Speak About Love. Speak About Compassion.Adin Steinsaltz - unknown
    First, let me say one or two things about the word love. Love is such a used, abused, and misused word that people should possibly stay away from it. We use it for all kinds of purposes, to contain all kinds of meanings. Most of them are completely disconnected and unimportant. The word is especially abused in the English language, where you have love and divine love and "whatever" love. You have also the phrase making love, which is not exactly (...)
     
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  37. The Link Between Love and Power.Ethel Person - unknown
    In this talk, which is about power and love, I have been influenced by several backgrounds that I want to acknowledge right away. Any practitioner in my field hears a lot about love and love problems, and love has been a major force in my own life. If I talk about my life truly, I always talk about the love relationships in my life. One of the influences on this paper, however, comes not from my personal life, nor from psychoanalysis (...)
     
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  38. Preface.Pollack Robert - 2004 - Acta Biotheoretica 45 (3).
    Since 1999 the Center for the Study of Science and Religion has been, within the Earth Institute at Columbia University, a small novelty in the larger structures of this place, but one that has proven remarkably effective at nurturing new ideas that otherwise would not easily have found a place to be thought through, in the various communities that make up our departments, schools, institutes, and campuses. One of the most radical of these new ideas is the notion that love (...)
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  39. Understanding "Us" Versus "Them".Jeffrey D. Sachs - unknown
    I'm afraid I'm going to talk more today about the obstacles to love than I am about love itself. I'm going to talk about the social circumstances in which hate arises, and particularly about the issues we're facing in our country and in the world right now, on a morning when dozens more people have been killed in Iraq, and when American warplanes are routinely bombing civilian neighborhoods in a manner that would have seemed utterly impossible—shocking and barbaric—to many of (...)
     
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  40. Nietzsche's Prefiguration of Postmodern American Philosophy.Cornel West - unknown
    In this paper, I will try to show the ways in which Nietzsche prefigures the crucial moves made recently in postmodern" American philosophy. I will confine my remarks to two of Nietzsche's texts: Twilight of the Idols and The Will To Power. The postmodern American philosophers I will examine are W.V. Quine, Nelson Goodman, Wilfred Sellars, Thomas Kuhn and Richard Rorty. The three moves I shall portray are: the move toward anti-realism or conventionalism in ontology; the move toward the demythologization (...)
     
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  41. Lukàcs: A Reassessment.Cornel West - unknown
    The antihistoricist climate of postmodern thought makes a reassessment of Lukács refreshing. Despite his incurable nostalgia for the highbrow achievements of classical bourgeois culture, Lukács remains the most provocative and profound Marxist thinker of this century. His major texts display the richness of the dialectical tradition, a tradition which emerged in figural biblical interpretation, was definitively articulated by Hegel and deepened by Kierkegaard and Marx.
     
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  42. Decentering Europe: The Contemporary Crisis in Culture, A Memorial Lecture for James Snead.Cornel West - unknown
    What I want to argue is that when we talk about contemporary crisis in culture, the one way of beginning to come to terms with this is having to historicize and pluralize and contextualize the postmodernism debate. How does that relate to the vocation of the intellectual, given the challenge of the technical intelligentsia, given the challenge of the middlebrow journalist? What kind of role and function can the humanistic intellectual have in advanced capitalist society, given his or her placement (...)
     
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  43. Frederic Jameson's Marxist Hermeneutics.Cornel West - unknown
    Fredric Jameson is the most challenging American Marxist hermeneutical thinker on the present scene. His ingenious interpretations (prior to accessible translations) of major figures of the Frankfurt School, Russian formalism, French structuralism and poststructuralism as well as of Georg Lukàcs, Jean-Paul Sartre, Louis Althusser, Max Weber and Louis Marin are significant contributions to the intellectual history of twentieth century Marxist and European thought. Jameson's treatments of the development of the novel, the Surrealist movement, of Continental writers such as Honoré de (...)
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  44. The New Cultural Politics of Difference.Cornel West - unknown
    In the last few years of the twentieth century, there is emerging a significant shift in the sensibilities and outlooks of critics and artists. In fact, I would go so far as to claim that a new kind of cultural worker is in the making, associated with a new politics of difference. These new forms of intellectual consciousness advance new conceptions of the vocation of critic and artist, attempting to undermine the prevailing disciplinary divisions of labor in the academy, museum, (...)
     
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  45. Introductory Remarks.Robert Pollack, Joan Konner & Robert Lehman - unknown
    Love is a moral value; it's also a great slogan. The problem, of course, is that like all slogans, it lacks nuance. Selfless love of the stranger is a moral value for sure, but is self-love a moral value? Love of the family, yes, but love of the familiar? How about love of other species, even at the expense of our own? The problem with nuance is that it bores people. The purpose of this symposium is to work against that (...)
     
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  46. A Matter of Life and Death.L. W. Sumner - 2000 - Philosophy Now 30 (2):4-4.
    "What do we mean by 'identity'?" Since this term itself can be a rather elusive, amorphous, and even vaporous one, we need to have heuristic markings for it. The second is "What is the moral content of one's identities?"-because we all have multiple positions in terms of constructing our identities; there's no such thing as having one identity or of there being one essential identity that fundamentally defines who we actually are. And third, "What are the political consequences of our (...)
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  47. Aristotle's Explanation for the Value of the External Goods.Ian Halim - unknown
    An interpretation of how Aristotle explains the value of worldly goods within the terms of his ethical theory in the Nicomachean Ethics. Aristotle claims that to live in a worthwhile and subjectively satisfying way--that is, to achieve eudaimonia--one needs such things as honor, wealth, friends, and political power. He groups these things together as the external goods, since they are all external in a spatial sense from the perspective of any given person. It is clear that people almost always attach (...)
     
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  48. Socratic Ethics in the Protagoras, Gorgias, and Republic.Susana Isabel Martinez - unknown
    This dissertation analyzes Socratic ethics in three Platonic dialogues: the Protagoras, the Gorgias, and the Republic. The purpose is twofold: 1) to question the standard view that what is the defining characteristic of Socratic ethics in the Protagoras and the Gorgias is its intellectualism and that the Republic represents a correction to, or deviation from, such intellectualism, and 2) to offer an alternative account of Socratic ethics in these dialogues. The alternative account this dissertation proposes is that what makes Socrates (...)
     
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  49. Review of Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature. [REVIEW]Cornel West - unknown
    Richard Rorty's Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature strikes a deathblow to modern European philosophy by telling a story about the emergence, development and decline of its primary props: the correspondence theory of truth, the notion of privileged representations and the idea of a self-reflective transcendental subject. Rorty's fascinating tale—his-story—is regulated by three fundamental shifts which he delineates in detail and promotes in principle: the move toward anti-realism or conventionalism in ontology, the move toward the demythologizing of the Myth of (...)
     
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  50. Schleiermacher's Hermeneutics and the Myth of the Given.Cornel West - unknown
    Friedrich Schleiermacher is the father of modern philosophical hermeneutics. His Copernican Revolution in hermeneutics shifted the focus from understanding texts to the process of understanding itself. In this essay, I shall argue that Schleiermacher's valiant attempt to provide an acceptable hermeneutical theory to overcome the distance between speakers and listeners, readers and authors is unsuccessful owing to his acceptance of The Myth of the Given. The Myth of the Given is a philosophical doctrine held most notably by Cartesian and Kantian (...)
     
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  51. Politics, Law and Literature. The Dialogue Between Machiavelli and Guicciardini.Paolo Carta - unknown
    This paper aims to provide a view of the relationship between political and legal thought, in order to discuss some topics and philological aspects of the research on Guicciardini's work that I’m conducting here at the Italian Academy.
     
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  52. The Context-Sensitivity of Rationality and Knowledge.Brian Hyun Kim - unknown
    My dissertation argues that the beliefs, desires, and preferences that count as rational may change from one deliberative context to another. The argument rests on the premise that rational deliberation requires one to identify all the possibilities that are relevant to a decision problem. How does a decision maker accomplish this task? What impact does this demarcation have on the beliefs and desires that she uses to deliberate? The answers I propose suggest changes to the way we view rational agents (...)
     
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  53. The Hidden Mechanisms of Prejudice: Implicit Bias and Interpersonal Fluency.Alexander Maron Madva - 2012 - Dissertation, Columbia University
    This dissertation is about prejudice. In particular, it examines the theoretical and ethical questions raised by research on implicit social biases. Social biases are termed "implicit" when they are not reported, though they lie just beneath the surface of consciousness. Such biases are easy to adopt but very difficult to introspect and control. Despite this difficulty, I argue that we are personally responsible for our biases and obligated to overcome them if they can bring harm to ourselves or to others. (...)
     
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  54. Authenticity and Death in Being and Time.Beau Carmel Shaw - unknown
    My dissertation offers a critique of the concept of authenticity that Martin Heidegger develops in Being and Time. The concept of authenticity has been critiqued for many reasons--mainly for political, moral, and ideological reasons. My dissertation develops, on the other hand, a conceptual critique: I argue that the concept of authenticity is a paradoxical concept. I argue, more precisely, that it is paradoxical, as the concept of authenticity proposes, for a person to confront, transparently and determinedly, his or her own (...)
     
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  55. Causation and Explanation in Molecular Developmental Biology.Marco Jacob Nathan - unknown
    The aim of this dissertation is to provide an analysis of central concepts in philosophy of science from the perspective of current molecular and developmental research. Each chapter explores the ways in which particular phenomena or discoveries in molecular biology influences our philosophical understanding of the nature of scientific knowledge. The introductory prologue draws some general connections between the various threads, which revolve around two central themes: causation and explanation. Chapter Two identifies a particular type of causal relation which is (...)
     
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  56. The Disposable Blog: Using the Weblog to Facilitate Classroom Learning and Communications.Stephen Pimpare & Jonathan Fast - unknown
    This article describes two case studies: one is from a graduate course in social work practice evaluation taught by the second author; the other is from an undergraduate political science course in media and politics taught by the first author. These cases describe the way blogs, created by students and the professors, facilitate communications within the class, reduce paperwork for the professors, and let students practice their 'public voices.' While the cases are specific to two courses-Masters-level social work and undergraduate (...)
     
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  57. A Note on the Shadow Text (or Parerga).Neni Panourgia - unknown
    The author explains how the creation of a Web-based version of her book allowed her to make full use of parerga as a way to interrogate and dissent from the primary text, following in a philosophical tradition of the parergon that began in the 18th century with Nikolaos Mavrokordatos' Philotheou Parerga and has been further developed by Immanuel Kant, Arthur Schopenhauer, and Jacques Derrida, among others.
     
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  58. The Philosophically Educated Teacher as a Traveler.Cristina Cammarano - unknown
    My dissertation investigates teachers' thinking within that "oscillating place of difference" that is the classroom. I propose that teachers think and see differently in the classroom because they have practiced, like travelers, the dynamic thinking which makes them open to novelty, attentive to difference, reflective wayfarers on the paths of the world. I offer a threefold articulation of teaching into thinking, traveling and philosophizing . My guiding figure is that of teacher as traveler. I focus on the teacher's way of (...)
     
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  59. On the Shores of Education: Urban Bodies, Architectural Repetitions, and the Mythic Space of End Times.Christopher Moffett - unknown
    Orienting around Plato's allegory of the cave, this dissertation looks back to earlier mythological and historical roots and forward to the spatial aesthetics of "occupation" and "No Child Left Behind," to trace the enduring connection between philosophies and practices of education and sacrificial journeys of descent and emergence. This thematic work of repetition, birth and death, is not so much knowable as it is the privileged way in which we enact and recognize knowing itself. Education, as a spatial practice and (...)
     
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  60. Recovering Leisure: Otium as the Basis of Education.Givanni Ildefonso - unknown
    This study examines the educational benefits of what the ancients called otium: the time and freedom from overt action that allows people to think about the world and their reasons for being. While leisure is not a new concept in philosophy of education, it is one to which not enough people pay attention. In the very few instances in which scholars have recently argued that leisure should make its way into our contemporary conversations on education, the argument, in my view, (...)
     
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  61. Symmetry and Probability.Anubav Vasudevan - unknown
    Judgments of symmetry lay at the heart of the classical theory of probability. It was by direct appeal to the symmetries exhibited by the processes underlying simple games of chance that the earliest theorists of probability were able to justify the initial assumptions of equiprobability which allowed them to compute the probabilities of more complex events using combinatorial methods, i.e., by simply counting cases. Nevertheless, in spite of the role that symmetry played in the earliest writings on the subject, in (...)
     
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  62. The Unhabitual Ideal: William James' Quest for Moral Strenuousness, 1891-1910.Samuel Stearns Klug - unknown
    This essay explores elements of the ethical and political thought of William James (1842-1910) in the last two decades of his life. It examines James' writings and political activities, especially his involvement in the anti-imperialist movement against the American occupation of the Philippines, in the context of the cultural and social upheaval of turn-of-the-century America. Rather than attempting to place James in a specific ideological category, a task that has bedeviled historians for the last century, this essay provides a new (...)
     
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  63. Literature and Education: Recalling Matthew Arnold.Martha Moore Crowley - unknown
    In a democracy, every individual is thought to have the potential to achieve what Matthew Arnold considers the supreme characteristic of intellectual freedom, "the intellectual maturity of man himself; the tendency to observe facts with a critical spirit; to search for their law, not to wander among them at random; to judge by the rule of reason, not by the impulse of prejudice or caprice" (The Complete Prose Works of Matthew Arnold, Vol. 1, p. 21). But Arnold finds a critical (...)
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  64. Cosmopolitan Education and Moral Education: Forging Moral Beings Under Conditions of Global Uncertainty.Matthew J. Hayden - 2012 - Dissertation, Teachers College, Columbia University
    The accelerating pace of globalization places an imperative on formal schooling to figure out how to educate students for the rapidly changing world that today reaches even into the smallest towns and regions of our shared globe. This project attempts to respond to that imperative by examining the moral component of schooling, and specifically, what might be the best way to provide moral education. I begin from a premise that prevalent existing moral education constructs fall short of this task because (...)
     
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  65. Subjectivity and Selfhood in Kant, Fichte and Heidegger.Michael Stevenson - unknown
    Kant once said that the "whole field of philosophy" is guided by the fundamental question, "What is the human being?" Kant himself, and even more so his Idealist successors, addressed this question by offering transcendental theories of human subjectivity. My dissertation explores the philosophical development of the Kantian and post-Kantian theories of subjectivity and their relationship to the often neglected theory of selfhood in Heidegger's Being and Time. After examining the issues in Kant's theory which were decisive motivating factors for (...)
     
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  66. Origins and Departures: Childhood in the Liberal Order.Andrew Hall - 2011 - Dissertation, Proquest
    Central to most forms of liberal social and political philosophy is the idea of the free and equal, self-governing person. And yet we do not come into the world as autonomous and accountable individuals; at best, this is the outcome of a long process of development and education which (in many societies) now extends throughout the first quarter of the average life. During this period of childhood, moreover, we are governed, not by ourselves, but by others. This dissertation examines the (...)
     
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  67. The Antigone Discourse: Zines and Blogs as Articulations of Young Women's Subjectivites.Jessica Lee Hochman - 2011 - Dissertation, Proquest
    Zines and blogs written by the young women in this study are an important form of inquiry that, if considered by educators, may push us to critically question discourses of young womanhood, questions of subjectivity, and the way we engage with texts. I use readings of Antigone to shape a reading of this discourse. I argue following Judith Butler (2000), that her act speaks to the loss of her particular brother, as well as the ungrievable losses resultant from her tragic (...)
     
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  68. The Teleological Theory of Representation.Stephen Anthony Campitelli - unknown
    This dissertation argues for a teleological theory of representations on the grounds that it provides a better account of explanation in psychology and cognitive science than its main competitor, non-teleological functionalism. Grounds for evaluating competing models of explanation are presented and several recent accounts of psychological explanation are analyzed and evaluated. An inclusive model, which incorporates both teleological and non-teleological features, is developed.
     
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  69. Visual Noise Due to Quantum Indeterminacies.John Ross Morrison & David Anderson - unknown
    We establish that, due to certain quantum indeterminacies, there must be foundational colours that do not reliably cause any particular experience. This report functions as an appendix to Morrison's "Colour in a Physical World.".
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  70. Hadrian's Stylus.Noga Arikha - unknown
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  71. Reason and Emotion in the Early Enlightenment.Noga Arikha - unknown
     
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  72. Universal Duty and Global Justice.Sebastiano Maffettone - unknown
     
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  73. What Does It Mean to Trust in Epistemic Authority?Gloria Origgi - unknown
  74. Practical Sense and the Limits of Deliberation.Tito Magri - unknown
  75. The Diplomat's Dog : The Natural World of Papal Nuncio Girolamo Rorario and How His Quod Animalia (1544) Framed Enlightenment-Era Debates on Animal Rationality.Megan K. Williams - unknown
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  76. The Few and the Many : Machiavelli, Tocqueville and Nietzsche on Authority and Equality.Mikael Hornqvist - unknown