OAI Archive: Manchester eScholar Services

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Manchester eScholar Services"

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  1. An Abstract Configuration of the Epistemology of Potentiality Paradigm Therapy: A Qualitative Meta-Synthesis of Theoretical Texts.Ian Gilmore - 2016 - Dissertation, University of Manchester
    The first step that I took in preparing myself to undertake what is in essence a piece of epistemological research was to divide the psychological therapies into two: the potentiality paradigm and the pathology paradigm. The former is based upon the potentiality model articulated by person-centred theorists like Dave Mearns and Brian Thorne, which is essentially a growth model, whilst the latter reflects a form of therapy that recognises people according to what may be considered ‘wrong with’ or ‘deficient about’ (...)
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  2. The Implications of a Politics of Natality for the Praxis of Peacebuilding Inthe Middle East.Nanci Karyn Hogan - unknown
    ABSTRACTUniversity of ManchesterNanci HoganMasters of PhilosophyTitle: The implications of a politics of natality for the praxis of peacebuilding inthe Middle EastJune 9, 2013This thesis sketches out the contours of a politics of natality suggested by thework of feminist philosopher of religion, Grace Jantzen, based on her reading ofHannah Arendt’s work on natality. It takes up Jantzen’s suggestion that a moralimaginary that privileges birth makes human flourishing the central goal ofpolitics. Based on ethical implications of making flourishing central to politics, Idevelop (...)
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  3. On the Architecture of Psychosis:Thoughts and Delusions of Thought Insertion.Pablo Andres Lopez Silva - 2015 - Dissertation, University of Manchester
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  4. ‘Doing Something’ About Modern Slavery: Scenes of Responsibility, Practices of Hospitality.Andrew Charles Slack - unknown
    This thesis examines the desire and efforts to ‘do something’ about what is variously called ‘modern slavery’ or ‘human trafficking’. Neoabolitionist efforts to fight such phenomena are typically wedded to a simplistic and essentialist ontology, unaware of or rejecting their own performativity. The thesis is not about slavery: it is about the ethico-political problem of responsibility and hospitality toward the other in the context of contemporary anti-slavery. What constitutes an ethical response to modern slavery? I explore the often violent effects (...)
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  5. ‘Christ Alone for Salvation’: The Role of Christ and His Work in John Wesley’s Theology.Hopper Isaac - unknown
    The University of ManchesterIsaac HopperDegree of Doctor of Philosophy‘Christ Alone for Salvation’: The Role of Christ and His Work in John Wesley’s Theology2017This thesis is a study of the relationship between John Wesley’s Christology and his broader theology. No specific effort has yet been made to assess whether or not a meaningful change to Wesley’s Christology ever occurred, or to what extent Wesley’s Christology shaped his broader theology. The purpose of this study is to fill this gap by first demonstrating (...)
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  6. The Metaphysics of Privileged Properties.Aaron Wilson - unknown
    Objects are characterised by their properties. If an object is a red postbox, then it has the property of being red, and the property of being a postbox. This thesis is an attack on a particular view of the metaphysics of properties, according to which some properties are privileged over others. The most well-known theories of privileged properties are Armstrong’s theory of sparse immanent universals and Lewis’ natural properties. According to their supporters, only privileged properties perform certain jobs, such as (...)
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  7. Discernment in First Corinthians: An Eschatological Calling Into the Wisdom of God.James Dominic Romano - unknown
    This thesis investigates the conceptual use of discernment in First Corinthians. As a motif, discernment spans many issues in the epistle while forming a key element in Paul’s understanding of the eschatological people of God in Christ and his expectations for them to emerge through the renewing process of the Gospel into their new identity. This identity has its type in the Wilderness Tradition of Israel, with the literary influences of 2TJ Wisdom and the OT scriptures undergirding Paul’s conceptualization in (...)
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  8. Using a Pluralistic Approach in Counselling Psychology and Psychotherapy Practice with Diverse Clients: Explorations Into Cultural and Religious Responsiveness Within a Western Paradigm.Katarzyna Wilk - unknown
    Content & Focus: As globalisation trends bring increased client diversity into Western nations, the meeting of culturally diverse clients and therapists has not always been particularly favourable or culturally responsive in Western contexts. This paper explores the pluralistic framework put forth by Cooper and McLeod from a critical evaluation of its effectiveness with culturally diverse clients. I first examine the role of pluralism in comparison to evidence-based therapies and the ongoing debate around treatment efficacy in Western institutions of mental health, (...)
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  9. The Crisis of the Arab Critic: ʽAbdullah Al-Ghadhāmī as Case Study.Adel Al-Zahrani - unknown
    This study examines the crisis of the Arab critic at the present time; it focuses on the works of the Saudi critic ʽAbdulla al-Ghadhāmi as a case study. The function of criticism has always been affected by political and cultural developments; critics have constantly adapted their role in order to maintain their credibility as intellectual leaders of society. However, this role has been recently called into question by global changes. This research examines the critic’s anxiety about these transformations; cultural criticism (...)
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  10. The Virtue of Innovation: Innovation Through the Lenses of Biological Evolution.Douglas B. Kell & Elena Lurie-Luke - unknown
    We rehearse the processes of innovation and discovery in general terms, using as our main metaphor the biological concept of an evolutionary fitness landscape. Incremental and disruptive innovations are seen, respectively, as successful searches carried out locally or more widely. They may also be understood as reflecting evolution by mutation versus recombination. We also bring a platonic view, focusing on virtue and memory. We use 'virtue' as a measure of efforts, including the knowledge required to come up with disruptive and (...)
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  11. A Defence of Sentiments: Emotions, Dispositions, and Character.Hichem Naar - unknown
    Contemporary emotion research typically takes the phenomenon of emotion to be exhausted by a class of mental events that are intentional, conscious, and related to certain sorts of behaviour. Moreover, other affective phenomena, such as moods, are also considered to be relatively short-term, episodic, or occurrent states of the subject undergoing them. Emotions, and other putative emotional phenomena that common-sense takes as long-lasting, non-episodic, or dispositional are things that both philosophers and scientists sometimes recognise, but that are relatively neglected in (...)
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  12. Towards a Fictionalist Philosophy of Mathematics.Robert Knowles - unknown
    In this thesis, I aim to motivate a particular philosophy of mathematics characterised by the following three claims. First, mathematical sentences are generally speaking false because mathematical objects do not exist. Second, people typically use mathematical sentences to communicate content that does not imply the existence of mathematical objects. Finally, in using mathematical language in this way, speakers are not doing anything out of the ordinary: they are performing straightforward assertions. In Part I, I argue that the role played by (...)
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  13. Good Weasel Hunting.Robert Knowles & David Liggins - 2015 - Synthese 192 (10):3397-3412.
    The ‘indispensability argument’ for the existence of mathematical objects appeals to the role mathematics plays in science. In a series of publications, Joseph Melia has offered a distinctive reply to the indispensability argument. The purpose of this paper is to clarify Melia’s response to the indispensability argument and to advise Melia and his critics on how best to carry forward the debate. We will begin by presenting Melia’s response and diagnosing some recent misunderstandings of it. Then we will discuss four (...)
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  14. Natural Law in the Encyclopédie.Joshua Thomas Kirby - unknown
    Despite long-standing recognition that the constellation of ethical and political ideas developed by the seventeenth-century Natural Law School played an important part in the development of Enlightenment thought, the relationship between the two remains a fertile area of research in intellectual history. Filling a lacuna in existing scholarship, this thesis contends that central tenets of the ethical and political philosophies developed by the Natural Law School were appropriated by the more liberal and progressive contributors to the Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné (...)
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  15. Comment: The Usefulness of QCA Under Realist Assumptions.Wendy Kay Olsen & Wendy K. Olsen - unknown
    Qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) opens up two new forms of knowledge: (1) knowing about alternative pathways to one outcome (equifinality) and (2) perceiving nuances of necessary cause and sufficient cause. Several misunderstandings of QCA occur in the article by Lucas and Szatrowski (this volume, p. 1). First, there are minor problems with expressions. Second, there are differences between their philosophy of science (arguments 1, 2, and 3 below) and a realist approach. Third, they misinterpret what was meant by sufficient and (...)
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  16. Classification of Psychopathology and Unifying Theory: The Ingredients of a Darwinian Paradigm Shift in Research Methodology.W. Mansell - unknown
    The field of psychopathology needs a paradigm shift to revitalise its research methodology and translational practice. We describe Darwin’s transformation of biology and its implications for science and culture, and we infer the implications of an analogous approach to psychopathology. Darwin challenged the assumptions of the biological classification system with compelling evidence to support a quantifiable, mechanistic theory of change across all life. Specifically, he showed that species were changeable, that individuals showed substantial variation in their features, and that these (...)
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  17. Being and Time, §15: Around-for References and the Content of Mundane Concern.Howard Damian Kelly - 2013 - Dissertation, The University of Manchester
    This thesis articulates a novel interpretation of Heidegger’s explication of the being (Seins) of gear (Zeugs) in §15 of his masterwork Being and Time (1927/2006) and develops and applies the position attributed to Heidegger to explain three phenomena of unreflective action discussed in recent literature and articulate a partial Heideggerian ecological metaphysics. Since §15 of BT explicates the being of gear, Part 1 expounds Heidegger’s concept of the ‘being’ (Seins) of beings (Seienden) and two issues raised in the ‘preliminary methodological (...)
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  18. Musical Works: Category and Identity.Philip Edward Letts - unknown
    The aim of this thesis is to increase our ontological understanding of musical works in two ways. We’ll increase our understanding of their categorial nature and we’ll increase our understanding of what the identity of each musical work consists in. In chapter 1, I introduce the basic question of the thesis: what are musical works? This question is broken down into four separate questions which guide the structure and argument of the thesis. One question asks if musical works exist, the (...)
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  19. Editor's Introduction: Realist Methodology : A Review.W. K. Olsen - unknown
    Critical realists offer a set of philosophical underpinnings for social research. Critical realists also engage constructively with social theory, but they are more than just theorists. In this chapter I list and describe various innovative methodological contributions made in recent years by realists. I point out ways in which research methods (i.e. techniques) fit with particular methodological assertions. There is a historical legacy of empiricism which critical realists often use as a foil to make their own position more clear. However, (...)
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  20. Arnim: Kierkegaard's Encounters with a Heidelberg Hermit.Judith Purver - unknown
    The book can be purchased as a hardback or online. This chapter is available as a sample on the Ashgate website.
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  21. Eichendorff: Kierkegaard's Reception of a German Romantic.Judith Purver - unknown
    The book can be purchased either as a hardback or online.
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  22. The Rights of the Other: Emmanuel Levinas' Meta-Phenomenology as a Critique of Hillel Steiner's An Essay on Rights.Andrew Thomas Hugh Wilshere - unknown
    In contemporary philosophy about justice, a contrast between empirical and transcendental approaches can be identified. Hillel Steiner represents an empirical approach: he argues for building an account of justice-as-rights out of the minimal inductive material of psychological linguistic and moral intuitions. From this opening, he ultimately concludes that persons have original rights to self-ownership and to an initially equal share of natural resources. Emmanuel Levinas represents a transcendental approach: he argues that justice arises from a transcendent ethical relation of responsibility-for-the-Other. (...)
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  23. Organizational Philosophy as a New Perspective on Understanding the Learning of Professionalism.Ellen I. Schafheutle, Karen Hassell, Darren M. Ashcroft & Stephen Harrison - unknown
    Objective. To define the concept of "organizational philosophy" through identification of elements within undergraduate pharmacy curricula in the United Kingdom that contribute to students' learning of professionalism. Methods. A qualitative study using curriculum mapping was conducted to identify "intended," "taught," and "received" curriculum in 3 schools of pharmacy. The study involved review of course materials, interviews with teaching staff members, focus groups with final year students, and observation of classes. Results. "Organizational philosophy" (totality of all contributors) played a vital part (...)
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  24. Philosophy as Pedagogy: Self, Perception and Objects in Vasubandhu, Kumārila and Śaṃkara.Hazel Anne Collinson - unknown
    The central argument of this thesis is that Vasubandhu’s discussions of self, perception and objects are fundamentally pedagogical in character. Contemporary studies of Vasubandhu (fourth century CE) appear either to view his work as a philosophical system or as a practical guide for the attainment of liberation. In this study, I seek to challenge this divide, arguing instead that we need to recognise the pedagogical process underpinning Vasubandhu’s writings. In order to demonstrate this, I develop an approach to the study (...)
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  25. Justice and Equality in Education. A Capability Perspective on Disability and Special Educational Needs, a Book Review.S. Miles - unknown
  26. Application of Confucian and Western Ethical Theories in Developing HIV/AIDS Policies in China--An Essay in Cross-Cultural Bioethics.Yonghui Ma - unknown
    This study is a contribution to Chinese-Western dialogue of bioethics but perhaps the first one of its kind. From a Chinese-Western comparative ethical perspective, this work brings Chinese ethical theories, especially Confucian ethics, into a contemporary context of the epidemic of HIV/AIDS, and to see how the deeply-rooted thoughts of Confucius interact, compete, or integrate with concepts from Western ethical traditions. An underlying belief is that some ideas in Confucian ethics are important and insightful beyond their cultural and historical origins (...)
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  27. Improving Self-Management Skills: A Whole Systems Approach.Rogers A. E. Kennedy Ap - unknown
    This article outlines the rationale behind an approach developed at the National Primary Care Research and Development Centre (NPCRDC) to improve patients' abilities to self-manage their conditions with the support of services provided by the NHS. The approach is systematic and requires involvement of patients in the development of information, changing access arrangements to health services and promoting a patient-centred approach to care. A programme of research and development is currently being undertaken at The University of Manchester by researchers based (...)
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  28. Doctor-Patient Communication in Different European Health Care Systems: Relevance and Performance From the Patients' Perspective.A. van den Brink-Muinen - unknown
    Our aim is to investigate differences between European health care systems in the importance attached by patients to different aspects of doctor-patient communication and the GPs' performance of these aspects, both being from the patients' perspective. 3658 patients of 190 GPs in six European countries (Netherlands, Spain, United Kingdom, Belgium, Germany, Switzerland) completed pre- and post-visit questionnaires about relevance and performance of doctor-patient communication. Data were analyzed by variance analysis and by multilevel analysis. In the non-gatekeeping countries, patients considered both (...)
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  29. Christian Morality in Ghanaian Pentecostalism: A Theological Analysis of Virtue Theory as a Framework for Integrating Christian and Akan Moral Schemes.Lord Abraham Elorm-Donkor - unknown
    This research was submitted to the University of Manchester by Lord Abraham Elorm-Donkor for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. Its title, “Christian Morality in Ghanaian Pentecostalism: A Theological Analysis of Virtue Theory as a Framework for Integrating Christian and Akan Moral Schemes” indicates the scope of the research within African Pentecostal Studies. Although scholars and Christian leaders have indicated that there is marked separation between morality and spirituality in the Christian praxis of many Africans and that the African worldview, (...)
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  30. The Ontology of Repeatable Artefacts.Geoff Michael John Stevenson - unknown
    for a thesis submitted to The University of Manchester for the degree of Ph.D. by Geoff M. J. Stevenson, and titled The Ontology of Repeatable Artefacts. August, 2010Many of those artefacts with which we are so familiar – including, for example, works of music, photographs, novels, essays, films, television adverts, and graphic designs – share a common ontological nature. I argue in this thesis that they are all repeatable, and set out to provide an ontological account of these entities that (...)
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  31. Hegel's Phenomenology in Translation: A Comparative Analysis of Translatorial Hexis.David Graham Charlston - unknown
    The thesis adapts Bourdieu’s theory of hexis as a method for approaching the Baillie (Hegel/Baillie, 1910/1931) and Pinkard (Hegel/Pinkard, 2008) translations of Hegel’s Die Phänomenologie des Geistes (Hegel, 1807/1970) as embodiments of a translatorial practice informed by social and philosophical contextual factors. The theoretical concept of a translatorial hexis is analogous to Bourdieu’s habitus but differs in that the translatorial hexis embodies a specifically dominant, honour-seeking stance of the translator with regard to the micro-dynamics of the surrounding sub-fields; the translatorial (...)
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  32. The Metaphysics of Grounding.Michael John Clark - unknown
    The phrase ‘in virtue of’ is a mainstay of metaphysical discourse. In recent years, many philosophers have argued that we should understand this phrase, as metaphysicians use it, in terms of a concept of metaphysical dependence called ‘grounding’.This dissertation explores a range of central issues in the theory of grounding. Chapter 1 introduces the intuitive concept of grounding and discusses some compulsory questions in the theory of grounding. Chapter 2 focusses on scepticism on grounding, according to which the recent philosophical (...)
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  33. Grand Theories of Personality Cannot Be Integrated.& Joseph S. Wood A. M. - unknown
  34. The Capitation Study. 1. Does Capitation Encourage "Supervised Neglect'?Lennon M. Holloway P. - unknown
    Four matched pairs of geographically and socially contrasting areas of Britain were randomly allocated within pairs to either a capitation or fee-for-service payment system for the dental care of children in a 3-year clinical trial. Measurements were made on the dental health of randomly selected 5-6 and 14-15-year-old patients and the views of their parents elicited. Patterns of treatment were also gained from the clinical records of randomly selected patients. In addition, the views of the dentists taking part, of the (...)
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  35. An Exploration of Midwives' Views of the Current System of Maternity Care in England.Chapple J. Lavender T. - unknown
    OBJECTIVE: to explore, in-depth, the views of midwives working in maternity services about birth setting, models of care and philosophy of care. DESIGN: an Appreciative Inquiry approach was adopted utilising focus group interviews as the method of data collection. SETTING: 15 focus group interviews were conducted at 14 sites in England. PARTICIPANTS: a purposive sample of 120 midwives and six student midwives who were serving women in different birth settings (home, free-standing maternity units, midwife-led units, and traditional obstetric units) participated, (...)
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  36. Virtue Epistemology and Education.MacAllister James - unknown
    This seminar will provide a brief overview of virtue epistemology and it will consider some possible ramifications of the discipline, for education. Some of the differences between epistemology and virtue epistemology as well as the main features of five different manifestations of virtue epistemology will be explained. The educational implications of the developments in virtue epistemology will be explored with a particular focus on two: It will first be argued that Aristotle’s scheme of intellectual virtues may provide valuable insight into (...)
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  37. Wisdom and the Life of Virtue: What Should Discipline Be for in Schools?J. MacAllister - unknown
    This dissertation addresses the question: what should Discipline be for in Schools? It does so from a primarily philosophical and specifically neo-Aristotelian perspective. Indeed, the thesis would seem to be the first to try to derive an account of the possible purposes of modern day school discipline from Aristotle’s works. The discussion also provides an original evaluation of the educational place and significance of Aristotle’s intellectual virtues. The thesis proceeds from a conviction that: 1) recent policy and research concerning pupil (...)
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