OAI Archive: Adam Mickiewicz University Repository
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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Adam Mickiewicz University Repository"
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- Nourishing Life – Chinese Environmental Wisdom and Practices.Alicja Dłużewicz - 2021 - Ethics in Progress 11 (2):66-69.Increasingly recognized threats from climate change and the progressive sixth mass extinction require not only searching for new technological solutions, but also changing the perception of the world and the beings living in it. There is an urgent need to include individual practices; practices that are an integral part of integrated policies to protect habitats, the climate, and the homo sapiens itself. Eric S. Nelson, in his latest book Daoism and Environmental Philosophy. Nourishing Life introduces the reader to the environmental (...)No categories
- Anthropocentrism and Speciesism in the Context of Environmental Studies. A Synoptic Introduction.Maria Vita Romeo & Sara Sgarlata - 2020 - Ethics in Progress 11 (2):4-8.MNiSW grant 261/ WCN/2019/1 “Wsparcie dla Czasopism Naukowych”.No categories
- Towards a Non-Human Speciophilosophy.Enrico Giannetto - 2020 - Ethics in Progress 11 (2):9-30.After the publication of Jaques Derrida’s book, L’animal que donc je suis, anti-speciesism has been looking for a theoretical foundation for its ethical content. In my opinion, the defect of all these philosophical perspectives is that they still reduce animals to objects of human philosophy. Here, I develop a new framework in which animals are considered as subjects of their own philosophy. In analogy to the concept of ethnophilosophy, the concept of speciophilosophy is here introduced. The different ways of thinking (...)No categories
- The Ethical, Political and Economic Challenges of Effective Altruism.Mateusz Kucz & Piotr Rosół - 2020 - Ethics in Progress 11 (1).This paper presents a critical evaluation of ethical and philosophical concerns about the effective altruism as an ethical position. Effective altruists claim that one of our important ethical obligations is to do the most good possible, with the biggest possible positive impact. This impact should be measured with rational tools and by evaluating the effectiveness of our actions. At first glance, this might seem as a consensus building position, a good starting point for building a community of people wanting to (...)
- Modeling in Biology: Looking Backward and Looking Forward.Steven Hecht Orzack & Brian McLoone - 2019 - Studia Metodologiczne 39.Understanding modeling in biology requires understanding how biology is organized as a discipline and how this organization influences the research practices of biologists. Biology includes a wide range of sub-disciplines, such as cell biology, population biology, evolutionary biology, molecular biology, and systems biology among others. Biologists in sub-disciplines such as cell, molecular, and systems biology believe that the use of a few experimental models allows them to discover biological universals, whereas biologists in sub-disciplines such as ecology and evolutionary biology believe (...)No categories
- Why is There No Philosophy of International Relations?Andrzej Gałganek - 2019 - Przegląd Strategiczny 12:19-41.Why is there no philosophy of International Relations? Why, despite the significant intellectual and institutional development of International Relations after World War II, has IR failed to generate any ‘grand ideas’ that would influence the broadly understood humanities? None of the theories of international relations indicates the exceptional features of interna- tionality as its foundation. None of these theories formulates a fundamental claim to its subject matter in International Relations the way geography, history or sociology do. This leads to the (...)No categories
- Media Scandals as Fake News is Dangerous for the National Security.Boryana Angelova-Igova - 2019 - Przegląd Politologiczny 4:31-37.In a Requiem for Media Jean Baudrillard described the civil war in Timisoara, Romania, in 1989. He discovered that the war was to a large extent instigated by the mass media. Nowadays, the media have the possibility to decontextualize events and objectify them by placing them in a different context, alongside other decontextualized events. This could be very dangerous and lead to serious national security problems. Media could provoke social turbulence and “real” crimes. My aim in this paper is to (...)No categories
- Botanical Microphotography in the Perspective of Philosophy of Culture.Małgorzata Bogaczyk-Vormayr - 2019 - Ethics in Progress 10 (2):135-154.The article was translated by Stephen Dersley, with the translation supported by the grant 261/ WCN/2019/1 “Wsparcie dla Czasopism Naukowych” in order to promote original Polish research worldwide.No categories
- A Softwaremodule for an Ethical Elder Care Robot. Design and Implementation.Catrin Misselhorn - 2019 - Ethics in Progress 10 (2):68-81.The development of increasingly intelligent and autonomous technologies will eventually lead to these systems having to face morally problematic situations. This is particularly true of artificial systems that are used in geriatric care environments. The goal of this article is to describe how one can approach the design of an elder care robot which is capable of moral decision-making and moral learning. A conceptual design for the development of such a system is provided and the steps that are necessary to (...)
- Philosophy and Mediation. A Manifesto.Alessandro De Cesaris - 2019 - Ethics in Progress 10 (1):67-82.The current condition of philosophy as a discipline is quite problematic, in particular if we consider its relationship to other human sciences and to other disciplines in general. The philosophical debate appears fragmented, and philosophy itself has lost any specific role in the present scientific landscape. This situation determines a sort of “identity crisis”, whose main consequence is the coexistence of antinomical views about philosophy in the contemporary scientific and public discourse. Starting from this context, the paper aims at providing (...)No categories
- Humanistic Poets And Classical Philosophy.Wilhelm Blum - 2016 - Ethics in Progress 7 (2).The aim of the article is to show that the so-called “philosophia perennis” is valid for our modern times too. Four philosophical schools of the Hellenistic times remain influential for the following centuries: Plato and Neoplatonism, Aristotle and the Peripatetics, the Stoics and the Epicureans. We are interpreting two, only two, poems from Thomas More and Jacob Balde, and so we see the greatest possible influence of all these four ancient philosophical schools.No categories
- Man and Future: A Palaeontological and Chronological Foundation of Cassirer's Definition of Man as Animal Symbolicum.Luigi Laino - 2017 - Ethics in Progress 8 (1).In the present paper, the author aims at laying the foundations of a symbolics of technical gesture, according to the thesis that symbolic faculty is another face of the technological one, and that they are both in truth two sides of the same coin. Accordingly, the author suggests to rename the whole dimen-sion as “meta-environmentality”. The analysis is carried out on the basis of a specific comparison between Cassirer’s definition of “animal symbolicum” and its scientific consistence in the light of (...)No categories
- The Relationships and Differences of the Kantian Philosophy and Pedagogy in Regard to Postmodern Pedagogic.Paweł Zieliński - 2018 - Studia Edukacyjne 48:115-132.The aim of the study is articulated in the title. The author is reconstructing Kantian philosophy and pedagogic, the thesis of postmodernism and post-modern pedagogic and indicates the relationships and differences of those two systems. Both Kant and the Baden-based neo-Kantians enabled the emancipation of the humanities. The Kantian model of pedagogy was the basis for pedagogic directions, belonging to the meta-theory of humanistic education and critical pedagogy, especially the postmodern one. There are clear links with Kantian ideas of pedagogy, (...)No categories
- "Spring and Autumn Annals” as Narrative Explanation.Rogacz Dawid - 2017 - In K. Brzechczyn (ed.), Towards a Revival of Analytical Philosophy of History. Around Paul A. Roth’s Vision of Historical Sciences. Leiden-Boston: Brill-Rodopi. pp. 254-272.My work upon this article was possible due to the grant of National Science Centre, Poland.No categories
- From Interpretation to Refutation of Marxism. On Leszek Nowak's Non-Marxian Historical Materialism.Brzechczyn Krzysztof - 2017 - Hybris. Internetowy Magazyn Filozoficzny 37:141-178.The aim of this article is to outline the theory of a historical process developed within the framework of the Poznań School of Methodology, mainly by Leszek Nowak and a team of his co-workers. In the first part of the paper, the meta-philosophical and meta-theoretical assumptions of Poznań school are reconstructed and juxtaposed with the relevant assumptions of Western analytical Marxism. In the central part of the paper, the main ideas of adaptive reconstruction of historical materialism and non-Marxian historical materialism (...)
- Henri Lefebvre’s Concept of Urban Space in the Context of Preferences of the Creative Class in a Modern City.Adam Nadolny - unknownThis article seeks to present how the manner of recording the spatial phenomena analysed by Henri Lefebvre in his numerous publications can serve as a basis for reflections on the suitability of his theories for the description of the creative class in a modern city. Because Lefebvre pursued a number of lines of thought in his philosophical ideas, we can state that there is a strong correlation between the city image he created and preferences of the creative class in a (...)
- Empirical-Scientific Model of Geography.Zbyszko Chojnicki - unknownThe article presents a philosophical-methodological conception of an empirical-scientific model of geography as an empirical science. It consists of an introduction and two parts. The introduction discusses the notion of philosophical-methodological models of geography and philosophical orientations. Part one addresses the philosophical-methodological foundations of the model, which are three successive philosophical streams: empiricism, logical empiricism, and scientific philosophy. Part two offers a characterisation of the empirical-scientific model in terms of the principles of scientific philosophy embracing three chief problem areas: ontological, (...)No categories
- Law and Literature – a Meaningful Connection.Martin Škop - 2015 - Filozofia Publiczna I Edukacja Demokratyczna 4 (1):6-20.The connection between law and literature can still affect surprisingly. The theme of the present article is to summarize some of the basic features of the movement, which is called „Law and Literature” and to suggest some starting-points with which it is associated. These starting points include, for instance linguistic conception of law, narratology in law or the relations between law and culture. The article offers an overview of the classical approaches connecting law and literature and mentions the reasons for (...)
- Knowledge and Truth in the Thought of Jizang.Dawid Rogacz - unknownThe aim of this paper is to examine Jizang’s theory of knowledge and truth in terms of contemporary philosophy. Firstly, I present the main areas of Madhyamaka thought, especially those concerning human knowledge and cognition, enunciated in Nagarjuna’s Vigrahavyāvartani. Secondly, I raise the issue of the acceptance of Madhyamaka in the area of Chinese thought, which provides us with the question of the inception and development of the sānlùn zōng – the Three Treatises School. Thirdly, I expound the main points (...)
- Philosophical Excursus I. Seriousness, Play, and Fame.Marek Kwiek - unknownReading numerous readings of Jacques Derrida made by Richard Rorty during the period of the last twenty years or so, one can get the impression that Rorty admires French deconstructionist without reservations, presenting him as an example of a new way of practising philosophy - a way which is private, idiosyncratic and publicly uncommitted, which is original, but publicly useless, which, finally, leads to individual autonomy. A way leading to self-creation, getting out of the influence and power of one’s precursors (...)
- Herbart’s Philosophy of Pedagogy and Educational Teaching.Miroslav Somr & Lenka Hruškova - unknownHerbart’s scientific educational theory pointed to the fact that the application of pedagogical ideas in educational practices would brought a guaranteed outcome with a regular, mathematical precision. Herbart he was personally aware that this system contains the danger of formalism and unilateral intellectualism and therefore he endeavored, in theory, to overcome the concept of educational learning. This emphasis, however, was neglected by his pupils and followers.
- Transhumanism and the Idea of Education in the World of Cyborgs.Michał Klichowski - unknownWe are cyborgs. We are transhumans; transitory people that exist in a luminal phase, waiting for a transfer to the posthuman world. Our children do not need education; it is cyborgization that ensures their development. This is the idea of transhumanistic philosophy, a thoroughly pedagogic idea. In this paper, I will present basic transhumanism ideas and stress the criticism on education created within this philosophy. This text is neither a systematic study on transhumanism nor a pedagogical analysis. It is merely (...)
- Human Rights and the Law of Human Rights: A Positive Legal Regulation of an Ontic Reality.Kalikst Nagel - unknownThe author introduces a fundamental distinction between human rights and the law of human rights which is subsequent to these rights. While examining these issues, the author follows M. Piechowiak and his way of understanding human rights. According to Piechowiak, human rights are objectively existing relationships between a human being and a global good, welfare that is due to him/her. Particular aspects of this global good are what we used to call an object of a particular human right. Therefore, human (...)
- Introduction.Marek Kwiek - unknownThe present book is devoted to "European connections of Richard Rorty’s neopragmatism". The theme, chosen carefully and intentionally, is supposed to show the motivation behind the writing of the present work, as well as to show its intended extent. Let us consider briefly the first three parts of the theme, to enlighten a little our intentions. ''European'1 is perhaps the most important description for it was precisely this thread that was most important to me, being the only context seriously taken (...)
- Philosophy of Recontextualization, Recontextualization of Philosophy. General Remarks.Marek Kwiek - unknownLet us begin our more detailed discussions with a rather general chapter that is an attempt to get close to Richard Rorty’s philosophical discourse on as broad a plane as possible and with a brief and introductory analysis of certain themes, questions and issues present in his recent books. Thus this will be a chapter not so much introducing to a wider context but rather introducing to Rorty’s thought itself. In the next chapters there will appear in the form of (...)
- The Question of Self-Creation.Marek Kwiek - unknownI would like to take into consideration in this chapter the possibility of Richard Rorty's evolution of views in terms of - suggested by him - distinction between the private and the public as well as in terms of his dichotomous pair of "solidarity" and "self-creation". My efforts would aim at showing that Rorty as a commentator on other philosophers is more and more inclined to value the significance of a self-creational, developing one's "final vocabulary" way of philosophizing, while on (...)
- Anti-Platonism of Rorty’s Thought.Marek Kwiek - unknownFrom the perspective of subsequent books and texts by Richard Rorty it can be clearly seen that to have a look at his anti-Platonism and anti-essentialism, it is not enough to read either only Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature, or only Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity, Consequences of Pragmatism and both volumes of Philosophical Papers. For me it turns out that the impression given by various readings of Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature in Reading Rorty - the first serious (...)
- Rorty and Literature, or About the Priority of the "Wisdom of the Novel" to the "Wisdom of Philosophy".Marek Kwiek - unknownRichard Rorty’s approach to fiction results from its consistently - to use here his own opposition - "solidarity-related" account; the "other side", literary self-creation, remains programmatically and intentionally undiscussed with much seriousness. One can just get the impression that literature, and the novel in particular, has been burdened with heaviness of responsibility... Does in Rorty’s reflections the novel appear as a source of multifarious metaphors, of the whole worlds born out of the writer’s imagination? Is there in it another dimension (...)
- The Classical German Idea of the University Revisited, or on the Nationalization of the Modern Institution.Marek Kwiek - unknownThe aim of the paper is to provide a philosophical and historical background to current discussions about the changing relationships between the university and the state through revisiting the classical “Humboldtian” model of the university. This historical detour is intended to show the cultural rootedness of the modern “idea of the university”, and its close links to the idea of the modern national state. The background is provided by the discussion of such German philosophers and scholars as Wilhelm von Humboldt, (...)
- Intellectuals in Postmodernity?Marek Kwiek - unknownThere are several points of interest, several catchwords that evoke the whole complicated heart of the matter: Martin Heidegger in 1933 and later, Paul de Man in the years of 1940-42 and later, Robert Faurisson and the whole group of histo- rians-"revisionists" of the Holocaust in France and in the USA in two recent decades. I would say the following: the material for the discussions that are of interest to me today are the most traumatic events of the twentieth century (...)
- The Identity Crisis? Philosophical Questions About the University as a Modern Institution.Marek Kwiek - unknownThe university in the form we are familiar with - the modern university - derives from the intellectual work of German philosophers: from Kant and Fichte to Schleiermacher and Humboldt. Being a modem institution, it is relatively new and was bom together with the rise in national aspirations and the rise in the significance of Nation-States in the 19th century.A tacit deal made between power and knowledge, on the one hand, provided scholars with unprecedented institutional possibilities and, on the other, (...)
- The Philosopher's Self-Image as a Guiding Thread for Philosophy of Culture?Marek Kwiek - unknownThe question of the place, role and tasks of philosophers in postmodernity is perplexing and complicated. I am going to talk here about French and American thinkers, but always having Central Europe in mind. And the question of the social, cultural and political status of philosophers in postmodernity is one of the most intriguing today, especially considering its self-referentiality: philosophers asking questions about themselves... Let us refer here first to several points of interest, several catchwords that evoke the whole complicated (...)
- Wolf Lepenies: Homo Europaeus Intellectualis Revisited.Marek Kwiek - unknownQuestions about the intellectual's place and role in society, his tasks and obligations, the status he ascribes to himself and that society ascribes to him have recently become a significant part of the ongoing discourse in the humanities. There are different reasons in different countries for this, but whether in English-speaking countries, in Germany or, especially, in France, questions about the intellectual have been important points of reference in numerous discussions at the end of the 20th century. Lepenies' thinking convincingly (...)
- Knowledge and History. The Postmodern French Humanities and Deleuze's Nietzscheanism.Marek Kwiek - unknownThe general context for this essay is the following: postmodern philosophy was strongly influenced by Nietzsche, especially in his postwar French readings from Bataille to Blanchot to Deleuze to Klossowski. It was Nietzsche in these readings who provided basic contours of a new self-image of the philosopher : instead of thinking about changing the social and political world, philosophers now found new terrains for thought. No longer associated with History, and less and less associated with politics. From the perspective of (...)
- On Some Richard Rorty's Evolution.Marek Kwiek - unknownI would like to take into consideration in this text the possibility of Richard Rorty's evolution of views in terms of — suggested by him — distinction between the private and the public as well as in terms of his dichotomous pair of „solidarity" and „self-creation". My efforts would aim at showing that Rorty as a commentator on other philosophers is more and more inclined to value the significance of self-creational, developing one's „final vocabulary" way of philosophizing, while on the (...)
- Postmodernism, Science, Philosophy.Marek Kwiek - unknownThe fundamental questions to be addressed are these: What is the impact of "postmodernism" on the relationship between philosophy and science? What are the possible consequences of the postmodernist whirlwind on the status of philosophy in contemporary culture? And, does postmodernism add new questions to the gnawing issue over the degree, if any, to which a philosopher is a scientist? It would seem that the relationship between science and postmodern philosophy is a radically new one, not only because the place (...)
- Between the Community and the Text (French Philosophy, Politics, and the Figure of the Intellectual — From Sartre to Foucault).Marek Kwiek - unknownWhat I am trying to do in the present text is to draw a sketch of postwar French philosophy from the perspective of the question of relations between philosophy and politics. I am showing a distinction between the community and the text that is present in this philosophy from Sartre to Barthes to Foucault and beyond. The general passage from the community-oriented philosophy to the text-oriented philosophy took place in the sixties, following the books by Georges Bataille, Gilles Deleuze, and (...)
- The University and the State. A Study Into Global Transformations.Marek Kwiek - unknownThis book argues that the current renegotiation of the postwar social contract concerning the welfare state in Europe is being accompanied by the renegotiation of a smaller-scale modern social pact between the university and the nation-state. Current transformations to the state under the pressures of globalization will not leave the university unaffected, and consequently it is useful to discuss the university and its future in the context of the state. In the new global order, against the odds, universities are striving (...)
- G.W.F. Hegel – Education as a Moment of Historical Reality.Miroslav Somr - unknownThe question regarding the educational work of G.W.F. Hegel may appear absurd to the defenders of the philosophical purity of his thought. However, generally speaking, it could be asserted that every philosophical system does include a theory of education. The present paper elaborates the assumption that there is an educational signifi cance inherent in Hegel’s philosophy and that the concept of education is contained in his Phenomenology of Spirit.
- (Un)Concealing the Hedgehog. Modernist and Postmodernist American Poetry and Contemporary Critical Theories.Paulina Ambroży - unknownThe book is an attempt to explore the affinities between contemporary critical theories and modernist and postmodernist American poetry. The analysis focuses on poststructuralist theories, notorious for their tendency to destabilize generic boundaries between literary, philosophical and critical discourses. The main argument and the structure of the book derive from Jacques Derrida’s essay “Che cos’è la poesia” [What is poetry?] in which the philosopher postulates the impossibility of defining poetry by comparing a poem to a hedgehog – prickly, solitary, untamed, (...)
- What is Your Educational Philosophy? Modern and Postmodern Approaches to Foreign Language Education.Levent Uzun - unknownThe present study discusses the concepts of education and training, while also highlighting the paradigm wars of the positivistic and naturalistic views, beginning with the age of ancient philosophies and continuing to the latest era of postmodernism. Additionally, language education is examined considering the linguistic and educational fundamentals which all need to be based on and combined by a philosophy. The research in foreign language education is evaluated from both the teaching and learning perspectives in order to reach conclusions concerning (...)
- About Music, Philosophy and Science ..Jagna Dankowska - unknownThe text attempts to answer the question whether musicians need a philosophy of music. The answer to the question of what music contributes to philosophy – a question superordinate in relation to the investigations of the links between philosophy and music – can be formulated clearly, since we find it in the texts of the most prominent representatives of European philosophical thought, including Schopenhauer, whose ideas are discussed in the paper. These issues are also discussed in literature which explores philosophical (...)
- From Realism to Neo-Kantianism. The Case of Aleksander Świętochowski - the Leader of Polish Positivism.Tomasz Sobieraj - unknownThe article is devoted to an interpretation of Aleksander Świętochowski'a essay entitled "Dumania pesymisty" ("The Pessimist's Thought). That work was published in 1876 and raised the question of the main rules of positivist philosophy. "The Pessimist's Thought" demonstrates interesting changes of Polish positivism which, in some apects, was transformed into an idealistic model of neo-Kantianism.