OAI Archive: Archive ouverte UNIGE

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Archive ouverte UNIGE"

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  1. Introduction.Christine Tappolet, Fabrice Teroni & Anita Konzelmann Ziv - 2018 - In Christine Tappolet, Fabrice Teroni & Anita Konzelmann Ziv (eds.), Shadows of the Soul: Philosophical Perspectives on Negative Emotions. Routledge.
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  2. Introduction.Hichem Naar & Fabrice Teroni - 2017 - In Hichem Naar & Fabrice Teroni (eds.), The Ontology of Emotions. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1-13.
    What is an emotion? No one will seriously doubt that it is a psychological entity of some sort. Rich and lively philosophical debates have failed to generate any stable picture regarding the nature of emotions that extends much beyond this platitude, however. At most, a bare majority of philosophers would agree that emotions exemplify the following features. First, emotions are characterized by a certain phenomenology: they are felt. Second, they are intentional phenomena and, as such, are in one way or (...)
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  3. Biological Modalities.Huber Maximilian - unknown
    Biological modalities play an important explanatory role in biological practice. However, biological modalities lack truth conditions and the inferential relationship between biological and other modalities is unclear. This thesis addresses these problems, first, by improving upon Daniel Dennett’s Library o Mendel. Second, a family of modal logics is introduced. In the simplest model, states are interpreted as codons, the binary relation is interpreted as single substitution mutation and the valuation induces a partition of blocks of codons that code for some (...)
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  4. Value and Emotion.Julien Deonna & Fabrice Teroni - 2015 - Isbn: 978-0-19-871660-0.
    There are close links between emotions and values, or at least this is what our ordinary ways of talking suggest. For many, if not all, types of emotion it is thus possible to find a corresponding evaluative term, one often derived from the name of the emotion in question. These are for example evaluative terms such as ‘shameful’, ‘offensive, ‘annoying’, ‘dangerous’, ‘contemptible’, ‘admirable’, ‘amusing’, ‘exciting’, ‘boring’, and the like. Starting perhaps from these linguistic observations, the philosophical task is of course (...)
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  5. Natural Necessity as Grounded in Natural Essence: Towards a Homogeneous Essentialist Account of Modality.Hireche Salim - 2016 - Dissertation, University of Geneva
    This thesis aims at bringing support to the general thesis of essentialism about modality: all necessity is fully grounded in essence, and possibility is defined accordingly. First, it motivates essentialism about metaphysical necessity. Second, and most importantly, it defends an essentialist account of natural modality. On this account, in particular, natural necessity is homogeneous, absolute, unconditional, and fully grounded in the essences of natural entities. Third, relying on those bases, it suggests a perfectly homogeneous essentialist account of 'absolute' modality, and (...)
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  6. In What Sense Are Emotions Evaluations?Julien Deonna & Fabrice Teroni - 2014 - Isbn: 978-0-19-968609-4.
    Why think that emotions are kinds of evaluations? This chapter puts forward an original account of emotions as evaluations apt to circumvent some of the chief difficulties with which alternative approaches find themselves confronted. We shall proceed by first introducing the idea that emotions are evaluations. Next, two well-known approaches attempting to account for this idea in terms of attitudes that are in and of themselves unemotional but are alleged to become emotional when directed towards evaluative contents are explored. According (...)
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  7. Philosophical Literature in Ancient and Medieval Armenia.Valentina Calzolari Bouvier - unknown
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  8. Vectors and Translations in Mathematics and Physics.Jean-Luc Dorier - unknown
    In mathematics, students learn about vectors and translation, in physics they model forces, speed, acceleration, etc. with vectors and study movements of translation. Do they make the connection between these concepts introduced in different disciplines or do they put things in separate boxes? In this paper we will start with some partial considerations on the history of vectors and we will give some references. Then we will show some examples of naïve illustrations of vectors from physics in mathematics textbooks. We (...)
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  9. Coercion in the Fight Against Medical Brain Drain.Nir Eyal & Samia Hurst - unknown
    Several contributions in this book tell of doctors’ increasing emigration from developing countries where they are in critical shortage, especially from the underserved rural and public sectors of countries in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. They point out the severe harm from that migration to some of the world’s poorest and sickest populations who have no other doctors to turn to, and gain little from their emigration. Since significant harm to the badly off is bad, decline in that migration is (...)
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  10. Neuroethics : What Else is New?Alex Mauron - unknown
    Bioethics has changed considerably over the years, the increasing diversity of topics of bioethical interest having led to specialisation if not fragmentation. In this context the term “neuroethics" emerged, and it soon became clear that it could be understood in two ways. The “ethics of neuroscience” assesses the ethical and philosophical implications of research in neuroscience and of the application of these discoveries, especially as regards enhancement of “normal” human faculties or new challenges to privacy. The “neuroscience of ethics” basically (...)
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  11. Frank Ramsey: Truth and Success.Jérôme Dokic & Pascal Engel - unknown
    The book introduces Ramsey's main doctrines and assesses their contemporary significance. In particular, Jérôme Dokic and Pascal Engel are interested in Ramsey's thoughts on truth and belief, and his pragmatic thesis that the truth of one's beliefs guarantees the success of one's actions. From this, it is a short step to what may be called "Ramsey's principle": the content of a belief is constituted by the success of one's actions. This principle finds its current expression in the work of philosophers (...)
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  12. Intentionality, Normativity and Community.Pascal Engel - unknown
    Against the view that the normativity of mental content is social content, I argue that it is not, examining the views of Wittgenstein, Davidson, Brandom and Pettit.
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  13. The Norms of Thought: Are They Social?Pascal Engel - 2001 - Mind and Society 2 (1):129-148.
    A commonplace in contemporary philosophy is that mental content has normative properties. A number of writers associate this view to the idea that the normativity of content is essentially connected to its social character. I agree with the first thesis, but disagree with the second. The paper examines three kinds of views according to which the norms of thought and content are social: Wittgenstein's rule following considerations, Davidson's triangulation argument, and Brandom's inferential pragmatics, and criticizes each. It is argued that (...)
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  14. Ecopoetic Knowledge and Text: Self-Reflexivity, Relational Landscape and Metaleptic “Epistemontology” in Alexis Wright’s The Swan Book.Arnaud Barras - unknown
    The knowledge of one's surroundings is not fixed in time, but rather consists in a constantly evolving set of propositions and experiences that are updated through trial and error. An individual's ecological knowledge is idiosyncratic; it arises from a unique four-dimensional interaction between the organism and its sociocultural and physical environment. On a societal level, transforming this incommensurable epistemic body is incredibly arduous. However, the literary medium has the potential to convey a form of knowledge that moves beyond individualism: literary (...)
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  15. Feeling Nature: Emotions and Ecology. The Legacy of Romanticism.Dolorès Martin Moruno - unknown
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  16. How Do I Know What You Are Going to Do? A Multi-Level Action Understanding Model for Social Interactions.Luca Casartelli - unknown
    This work focuses on three topics: the social value of motor cognition ; motor encoding of action anomalies in individuals with autism spectrum disorder that may explain – to a degree – their limited social abilities; failure of social agreement resulting in criminal actions that may be clarified thanks to neuroscience data in forensic psychiatric evaluation. Describing the role of experimental data – notably the functional role of cortical motor system – in clarifying social experience, this work reverses also the (...)
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  17. When the Philosopher Enters the Room. Comments on Jonathan Wolff's Philosophy and Public Policy.Annabelle Lever - unknown
    What can philosophy tell us about ethics and public policy? What can the ethics of public policy tell us about philosophy? Those are the questions that Jonathan Wolff addresses in his wonderful little book. At one level, of course, the answer is straightforward – ethics is a branch of philosophy, so philosophy can tell us about the ethics of public policy, understood as a matter of deciding ‘what we should do’ in a manner that is institutionalised and collectively binding. But (...)
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  18. Being in Time: A Theory of Persistence and Temporal Location.Damiano Costa - 2014 - Dissertation, University of Geneva
    In Being in Time I articulate and defend a theory of diachronic identity based on a new account of the relation between objects and time. Traditionally, the relation between objects and time has been considered to be a direct one, analogous to the one they have with space, and accordingly called location. In my dissertation, I argue that this locative approach is metaphysically problematic insofar as it commits us to questionable consequences about the nature of objects or about the metaphysics (...)
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  19. Metaphysical Modality and Essentiality.Robert Michels - 2013 - Dissertation, University of Geneva
    Essentialists claim that we can distinguish between an object's essential and its accidental properties. Following important developments in modal logic during the 1960s and 70s, the orthodox view was that the essential properties of an object are its necessary properties. In his influential 1994 paper "Essence and Modality", Kit Fine argues that the orthodox view is wrong. His two main claims are that first, essentiality cannot be defined in terms of necessity and second, that necessity should instead be defined in (...)
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  20. Reading Gestures: Exemplarity and Corporeity in Four Middle English Texts.Petya Ivanova - unknown
    This thesis examines the relevance of the epistemological concept of “paradigm” to the analysis of late medieval literary texts. The related notions of “example” and “exemplarity” are used to allow for a discussion of the rhetorical genre of the exemplum and of the gestural and linguistic cluster designating “manner”. The first chapter considers the paradigmatic relation from the perspective of Malory’s authorial gestures of exemplification of his preceding Arthurian tradition in the "Morte Darthur". The second chapter examines the interaction of (...)
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  21. Actions, Reasons and Mental Causes.Pascal Engel - unknown
    One of the main difficulties with contemporary materialism is the risk of epiphenomenalism: if mental properties systematically depend on physical properties, how can they have causal efficiency? Davidson's anomalous monism' only solves this problem through a "feeble" understanding of the individuation of events and with relative imprecision as to the pertinence of causal explanations formulated in psychological terms. Nor do other conceptions of the individuation of events and the causal power of mental states, as that of Kim and of Jackson (...)
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  22. The Trouble with W*Ttg*Nst**N.Pascal Engel - unknown
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  23. Belief As a Disposition to Act: Variations on a Pragmatist Theme.Pascal Engel - unknown
    In this paper I want to show that, although it is a common thread of many pragmatist or pragmatist-inspired doctrines, the belief-as-disposition-to-act theme is played on very different tunes by the various philosophical performers. A whole book could be devoted to the topic. I shall limit myself here to the views of Peirce, James, Ramsey, contemporary functionalists, and Isaac Levi. Depending on how they interpret this theme, the pragmatist philosophers can emphasise more or less the role of theory and practice (...)
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  24. Is There a Geography of Thought?Pascal Engel - unknown
    In his book The Geography of Thought, the psychologist Richard Nisbett defends the view that a significant number of results on cognitive differences between Asians and Europeans show that the structure of thinking among Eastern populations and among Occidental populations strongly diverge. Nisbett claims that these differences affect perception, conceptualisation and reasoning in general. I examine these results in the light of the relativism debate, and in particular in the light of recent arguments against relativism proposed by Paul Boghossian. Nisbett (...)
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  25. The Relations Between Switzerland and the European Union and the Credibility of Sovereignty.Elia Rino Giuseppe Pusterla - unknown
    What is that sovereignty apparently at stake when talking about Swiss-EU relations? The research reaches into philosophical debates on the complexity of sovereignty. While aiming at its very essence, the research encounters the deconstructionist hypothesis stating that there is nothing to worry about save the belief there is something to worry about. Claims of sovereignty rest upon the metaphysics of presence whose theological connotation remains, however, unsaid. Challenging realism, the thesis reveals the purely formalist character of those positions, which are (...)
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  26. Love in the Times of Darwinism: Paolo Mantegazza and the Emergence of Sexuality.Dolorès Martin Moruno - unknown
    Tis paper explores the emergence of the notion of sexuality in late-nineteenth-century medicine by analysing various writings of Paolo Mantegazza such as Fisiologia dell’amore, Elementi di igiene, and Gli amori degli uomini. With this aim in mind, this study discusses first Mantegazza’s broader project on the physiology of emotions in order to explain in the second part the role of his contribution to the idea of love as the foundation of sexual medicine. Tus, love is an affection that loses its (...)
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  27. Deep Brain Stimulation to Reward Circuitry Alleviates Anhedonia in Refractory Major Depression.Thomas E. Schlaepfer, Michael X. Cohen, Caroline Frick, Markus Mathaus Kosel, Daniela Brodesser, Nikolai Axmacher, Alexius Young Joe, Martina Kreft, Doris Lenartz & Volker Sturm - unknown
    Deep brain stimulation to different sites allows interfering with dysfunctional network function implicated in major depression. Because a prominent clinical feature of depression is anhedonia--the inability to experience pleasure from previously pleasurable activities--and because there is clear evidence of dysfunctions of the reward system in depression, DBS to the nucleus accumbens might offer a new possibility to target depressive symptomatology in otherwise treatment-resistant depression. Three patients suffering from extremely resistant forms of depression, who did not respond to pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, and (...)
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  28. Belief and Correctness.Davide Fassio - 2012 - Dissertation,
    The overall objective of this dissertation is to provide an analysis of the standard of correctness of belief. According to this standard, a belief is correct if and only if the believed proposition is true. My analysis consists in the investigation of a set of aspects and properties of the correctness standard of belief. The main point argued in this dissertation is that the correctness standard of belief is a standard of conformity to the satisfaction conditions of a representational function (...)
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  29. Teaching Linear Algebra at University.Jean-Luc Dorier - unknown
    Linear algebra represents, with calculus, the two main mathematical subjects taught in science universities. However this teaching has always been difficult. In the last two decades, it became an active area for research works in mathematics education in several countries. Our goal is to give a synthetic overview of the main results of these works focusing on the most recent developments. The main issues we will address concern: • the epistemological specificity of linear algebra and the interaction with research in (...)
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  30. ∈ : Formal Concepts in a Material World Truthmaking and Exemplification as Types of Determination.Philipp Keller - 2007 - Dissertation, University of Geneva
    In the first part, I consider different notions of determination, contrast and compare modal with non-modal accounts and then defend two a-modality theses concerning essence and supervenience. I argue, first, that essence is a a-modal notion, i.e. not usefully analysed in terms of metaphysical modality, and then, contra Kit Fine, that essential properties can be exemplified contingently. I argue, second, that supervenience is also an a-modal notion, and that it should be analysed in terms of constitution relations between properties. In (...)
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  31. Minimally Invasive Dentistry: A Treatment Philosophy.Stefano Ardu - unknown
  32. Using Practical Epistemology Analysis to Study the Teacher and Students' Joint Actions in the Mathematics Classroom.Florence Ligozat, Per-Olof Wickman & Karim Hamza - unknown
    This paper aims at characterizing the teaching actions that are used in a primary school mathematics lesson, and their consequences for the learning progression. To proceed, we explore the analytical outcomes of combining two analytical frameworks, namely the Practical Epistemology Analysis of classroom discourse and the triple [Meso; Topo; Chrono]-Geneses featuring didactical transactions in the Theory of Joint Action in Didactics. The analytic approach is exhibited through an empirical sample of a mathematical lesson about the learning of surface area with (...)
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  33. Perspective Taking and Belief Attribution : From Piaget's Theory to Children's Theory of Mind.Pierre Mounoud - unknown
    This paper analyzes the origins and specificity of the recent research trend on the development in children of a Theory of mind which has undergone an impressive expansion over past the fifteen years. A comparison with Piaget's approach is proposed regarding the experimental data available on the coordination of perspectives as well as the epistemological foundations. The issues of the naturalization of the mind and its irreducibility are addressed within the framework of recent reductionist theories advanced by the philosophers of (...)
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