OAI Archive: DI-fusion

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "DI-fusion"

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  1. Beyond the Conflict Between “Touch” and “Feel” in Robotics.Céline Pieters, Emmanuelle Danblon & Jean-Paul Laumond - 2019 - In J. P. Laumond, E. Danblon & C. Pieters (eds.), Wording Robotics. Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics, vol 130. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. pp. 81-90.
    Does the robot actually look, does the robot actually feel? To experts in robotics, the conflict between “touch” and “feel” may first appear as a concern of communication, situated at a linguistic level only. However, the core of the question is rather a matter of epistemology of the discourse that invokes their own relation to natural language and rationality. To support this statement, we explore the rhetorical practices of roboticists. From a general point of view, their discourses embody two epistemological (...)
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  2. The Good, the Bad and the Ugly: Framing Debates on Nature in a One Health Community.Nicolas Antoine-Moussiaux, Luc Janssens de Bisthoven, Stéphane Leyens, Timo Assmuth, Hans Keune, Zinsstag Jakob, Jean Huge & Maarten P. M. Vanhove - forthcoming - Sustainability Science.
    Originating in medical and veterinary spheres, the One Health concept stands as an open call for collaboration also between these disciplines or professions and those of environmental and social science. However, the communities of practice in question show uneasy or under-developed collaborations, due to a variety of factors. We argue that an important factor is the way issues are raised and questions are formulated, i.e. their framing. Based on complementary perspectives on health and knowledge, this overview provides an inter- and (...)
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  3. Philosophy, Manga, and Ōmori Shōzō.Pierre Bonneels & Masahiro M. M. Morioka - 2018 - European Journal of Japanese Philosophy 3.
    Why would a philosopher choose to convey his ideas in the form of Manga? This discussion between Masahiro Morioka, author of Manga Introduction to Philosophy, and the translator of its French edition, Pierre Bonneels, shows how philosopher and artist Morioka became acquainted, through images, with fundamental abstract notions. After a short historical analysis of the aesthetic advantages of Manga, consideration is given to this unique way of provoking thought. On this basis, theoretical aspects of “time” and the “I” proposed by (...)
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  4. Reading Deleuze and Guattari Through Deligny's Theatres of Subjectivity: Mapping, Thinking, Performing Oa.Aline Wiame - 2016 - Subjectivity 9 (1):38-58.
    This article aims to show how Fernand Deligny's thought and practices with autistic children, as well as his impact on Deleuze and Guattari, offer a paradigm of subjectivity that in turn rests upon an aesthetic and political account of what we can shape and share in common with autistic people. Well known by French educators and followers of alternative psychiatry, Fernand Deligny remains quite unknown in English-speaking parts of academia despite his influence on the work of Deleuze and Guattari. Nevertheless, (...)
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  5. Effects of the Open Method of Coordination in Research and Innovation: Indirect Legislation in EU Policy-Making?Anne Brunon-Ernst & Arnaud Van Waeyenberge - 2015 - Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law 47 (1):22-38.
    This study offers new insights on the open method of coordination of the European Union by focusing on the effects of this new method for producing EU regulation. The starting points here are that the OMC is not a radically new method of governance, and that it must be seen as an application of the theory of indirect legislation – as developed by Bentham. With the concept of indirect legislation, Bentham thinks a system of governing individuals that does not rest (...)
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  6. Effects of the Open Method of Coordination in Research and Innovation: Indirect Legislation in EU Policy-Making?A. Brunon-Ernst Anne & Van Waeyenberge Arnaud - unknown
    This study offers new insights on the open method of coordination of the European Union by focusing on the effects of this new method for producing EU regulation. The starting points here are that the OMC is not a radically new method of governance, and that it must be seen as an application of the theory of indirect legislation – as developed by Bentham. With the concept of indirect legislation, Bentham thinks a system of governing individuals that does not rest (...)
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  7. Geometry Vs Semantics :Open Issues on 3D Reconstruction of Architectural Elements.Luca Livio & David Lo Buglio - unknown
    Three-dimensional representation is becoming an effective supportfor the documentation of the state of conservation of heritage artefacts, for thestudy of its transformations and for cultural diffusion. 3D digitizationtechnologies now offer effective means to observe and analyze historicbuildings with more accuracy, completeness and timeliness. Nevertheless, itproduces a real problem of information overload. The growing mass of uninterpreteddata make emerge a need for innovative methodologies assistingdata processing, sorting and analysis by researchers who want to use it foradvancing the knowledge of cultural heritage. (...)
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  8. Human Enhancement. Foreword.Jean-Yves Goffi & Jean-Noël Missa - unknown
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  9. Essays in Mathematical Finance and in the Epistemology of Finance.Xavier De Scheemaekere - unknown
    The goal of this thesis in finance is to combine the use of advanced mathematical methods with a return to foundational economic issues. In that perspective, I study generalized rational expectations and asset pricing in Chapter 2, and a converse comparison principle for backward stochastic differential equations with jumps in Chapter 3. Since the use of stochastic methods in finance is an interesting and complex issue in itself - if only to clarify the difference between the use of mathematical models (...)
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  10. Identifying Economic Crises: Insights From History.Xavier De Scheemaekere, Kim Oosterlinck & Ariane Szafarz - unknown
    Economists have been blamed for their inability to forecast and address crises. This article attributes this inability to intertwined factors: the lack of a coherent definition of crises, the reference-class problem, the lack of imagination regarding the nature of future crises and sample-selection biases. Specifically, economists tend to adapt their views on crises to recent episodes, and omit averted and potential crises. Threshold-based definitions of crises run the risk of being ad hoc. Using historical examples, this article highlights some epistemological (...)
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  11. Function, Sufficiently Constrained, Implies Form: Commentary on Green on Connectionist Explanation.Robert M. French & Axel Cleeremans - unknown
    Green's target article is an attack on most current connectionist models of cognition. Our commentary will suggest that there is an essential component missing in his discussion of modeling, namely, the idea that the appropriate level of the model needs to be specified. We will further suggest that the precise form of connectionist networks will fall out as ever more detailed constraints are placed on their function.
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  12. On Exonostalgia.David Berliner - unknown
    Nostalgia has played a foundational role in the history of anthropology. Historically, our discipline lent its passion for exotic cultures vanishing against the modern world. I call this perspective 'disciplinary exonostalgia'. In this article, I suggest the persistence of an intimate entwinement of contemporary anthropology with exonostalgia. I argue that nostalgia never really went away. Moreover, it continues to inform major aspects of the production of anthropological knowledge.
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  13. Rethinking Embodied Knowledge and Household Consumption.Grégoire Wallenborn & Harold Wilhite - unknown
    Mainstream theories on household energy consumption are characterized by reductionist assumptions about consumers and the socio-material contexts of choice. Much of the social science attention on consumption has focused on mental states, meaning, cognition, and rational choice. In mainstream theory, body is collapsed into mind and the demand for goods is both disembodied and decontextualized from social and material worlds. These reductions hinder the development of a robust theory of consumption and new thinking in energy savings policy. In this paper (...)
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  14. Music, the Brain, the Mind, and the Heart.Victor Ginsburgh & Stephane Ginsburgh - unknown
    The paper draws on the aesthetic theory and on the cognitive neuroscience approach of music, as well as on music history to try to convince Frederic Scherer that he should listen to music composed after Mahler. ©FrancoAngeli.
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  15. Issues in Identifying Economic Crises: Insights From History.Xavier De Scheemaekere, Kim Oosterlinck & Ariane Szafarz - unknown
    Economists have been blamed for their inability to forecast and address crises. This paper attributes this inability to intertwined factors: the lack of a coherent definition of crises, the reference class problem, the lack of imagination regarding the nature of future crises, and sample selection biases. Specifically, economists tend to adapt their views on crises to recent episodes, and omit averted and potential crises. Threshold-based definitions of crises run the risk of being ad hoc. Using historical examples, this paper highlights (...)
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  16. The Norbert Wiener Memorial Gold Medal Address: Norbert Wiener and the Idea of Contingence.Ilya Prigogine - unknown
    The Norbert Wiener Memorial Gold Medal address delivered by the Nobel Laureate recipient. Considers Norbert Wiener and the idea of contingence. Refers to Wiener's book The Human Use of Human Beings and in particular to the preface entitled "The idea of a contingent universe" and to the epilogue of the book by Rosenblith. This raises the question faced by Wiener: how to reconcile a deterministic world à la Newton with the intrinsically probabilistic universe of Gibbs, the relativistic universe of Einstein (...)
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  17. The Paradigms of Natural Sciences Dealing with Information and Communication in Sociology.Eric Philippart - unknown
    The history of borrowing from natural sciences is a long one in social sciences. Today, paradigms dealing with information and communication are very often "used" as a source of inspiration for sociological theories. This contribution is focused on the French-speaking authors belonging to this trend. The reasons, the validity and the benefit for social sciences of this practice are investigated. The reasons are manifold. The importation is not intrinsically non valid. Any hypothesis can be laid down. The validation depends on (...)
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  18. Epistemology of Geopolitical Atlases From the 1980s to the Early 2000s.Julien Vandeburie - unknown
    Since the early 1980s, we have seen a new influx of numerous geopolitical atlases. They have been produced to meet society's implicit need to fix the boundaries of international issues and the relationships of force between the various powers. These atlases clearly express established ideologies and allow us to determine various trends of thought; messages which the authors wish us to take on board by studying cartographic themes. This is the approach we will be taking in this article. In this (...)
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  19. Geometry Vs Semantics :Open Issues on 3D Reconstruction of Architectural Elements.Livio De Luca & David Lo Buglio - unknown
    Three-dimensional representation is becoming an effective supportfor the documentation of the state of conservation of heritage artefacts, for thestudy of its transformations and for cultural diffusion. 3D digitizationtechnologies now offer effective means to observe and analyze historicbuildings with more accuracy, completeness and timeliness. Nevertheless, itproduces a real problem of information overload. The growing mass of uninterpreteddata make emerge a need for innovative methodologies assistingdata processing, sorting and analysis by researchers who want to use it foradvancing the knowledge of cultural heritage. (...)
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  20. Risques Et Perceptions des Risques. Analyse Historique Et Critique. / Risks and Risks Perceptions. Historical and Critical Analysis. [REVIEW]Céline Kermisch - unknown
    Etude historique des conditions d’émergence du champ de recherches de la perception des risques ;analyse critique du paradigme psychométrique et de la théorie culturaliste, ainsi que des conceptions du risque qui les sous-tend. / Historical study of the emergence conditions of risk perception as a research field; critical analysis of the psychometric paradigm and cultural theory, as well as of the underlying risk conceptions.
     
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  21. Kant, Fichte, Schelling :Essai Sur la Nature du Mal.Eléonore Dispersyn - unknown
    Progression d'un concept, le mal radical, dans trois textes :La Religion dans les limites de la simple raison , Le système de l'Ethique , et Le Traité de 1809 . Origine ultime du mal :libre arbitre ou détermination ?Responsabilité et liberté du mal. Mal moral et métaphysique du mal/ Advance of a concept: radical evil, in three readings: Religion within the Limits of Mere Reason , System of Ethics , and Treatise of 1809 .Ultimate origin of evil: free will or (...)
     
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  22. The Justification of Legislation - an Introduction to Legisprudence, a New Theory of Legislation.Luc J. Wintgens - unknown
    General Introduction The process of the institutionalisation of law that started at the end of the 18th century was followed by a general wave of codification throughout Europe. The French codification of 1804 was exemplary for all the others. The “law in books” was complete, certain, clear, and undisputable. From then on, the law in books had priority over the “law in action”. Law in books was a critique of law in action that preceded the French Revolution. Judicial activism was (...)
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  23. Metaphysical Arguments in Artificial Intelligence: A Case Study -- Philosophie.Carlotta Piscopo - unknown
  24. Une Réflexion Sur l'Amour, la Médecine Et L'Euthanasie: Je Connais Ce Que J'aime Et J'aime Ce Que Je Connais, Mais Est-Ce Bien Vrai?Dominique Lossignol - unknown
    This paper presents the medical practice according to the occidental philosophy. Relationships with the concept of " love " (eros, philia, agapej will be described, and the concept of dignity and autonomy as well. The reflection will focus on the end of life aspects. Although medicine cannot avoid morality, ethic, and deontology, it is also part of philosophy and must warrant the respect of human dignity, especially when a physician helps a patient to die.
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  25. Humanities 2.0: Document, Interpretation and Intersubjectivity in the Digital Age.Aurélien Bénel & Christophe Lejeune - unknown
    With their focus on documents, interpretation and intersubjectivity, Web 2.0 technologies have surprising analogies with philosophical hermeneutics, the theory of texts interpretation. Philosophical hermeneutics was generalised from biblical hermeneutics by Dilthey in the 19th century, and chosen as an alternative to positivism as a foundation for the epistemology and methodology of the humanities and social sciences. This article explores how Web 2.0 technologies might better meet the needs of social and human sciences than traditional information technologies that are historically bound (...)
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