OAI Archive: e-publications@UNE
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- Thomasine Dominion Parables with Matthean Parallels - A Memory Studies Approach.J. C. S. Redman - 2018 - Dissertation, University of New EnglandThis thesis presents a methodology for comparing parables that takes seriously what we know about the way individuals and groups remember events and stories and about their oral transmission. It then uses the methodology to compare the six dominion parables in the Gospel of Thomas which are seen to have parallels in Matthew's gospel with their Matthean counterparts. The methodology looks at the parables as whole narratives within both their socio-historical and literary contexts before considering any metaphorical significance of individual (...)No categories
- Rethinking the Value of Water: Stewardship, Sustainability and a Better Future.M. A. Fox - 2018 - In Water Policy, Imagination and Innovation: Interdisciplinary Approaches. Routledge. pp. 113-126.This essay is in three Parts. Part 1 surveys some ideas about what water is - as a substance in its own right, and as an entity of major significance and symbolic importance. Part 2 explores basic considerations about the value of nature and its components. Part 3 applies findings from Parts 1 and 2 to thinking about water, with reference to water management issues facing humanity today.No categories
- Drug User Counseling, Remuneration and Ethics.A. J. Walsh & A. J. Lynch - unknownIn this article we explore the implications that remuneration,in its various forms, might have for drug-user counselors. A longphilosophical tradition has it that financial reward and altruism aremutually exclusive. Our view is somewhat different. We argue, contrathat tradition, that although financial reward in the guise of eithercommercial profit or wages is not in and of itself morally pernicious,it does confront counselors with ethical hazards. These are hazardsagainst which those involved in drug-user counseling need to beespecially vigilant.No categories
- Review of 'Inquiring About God: Selected Essays, Volume 1' By Nicholas Wolterstorff, Edited by Terence Cuneo: Cambridge University Press, 2010. VIII + 314 Pp. £50.00 & 'Practices of Belief: Selected Essays, Volume 2' By Nicholas Wolterstorff, Edited by Terence Cuneo: Cambridge University Press, 2010. X + 436 Pp. £50.00. [REVIEW]P. Forrest - unknownNicholas Wolterstorff is well known as one of the founders of Reformed Epistemology, along with William Alston and Alvin Plantinga. I suspect, however, that his papers on epistemology and on philosophy of religion have not been as widely read as they should have been. I hope these volumes will rectify that. To those who are not interested in philosophy of religion, first I urge you to read those chapters on epistemology generally, and be persuaded that Wolterstorff has described a necessary (...)No categories
- Usury and its Critics: From the Middle Ages to Modernity.C. Mews & A. J. Walsh - unknownWhile it is common in discussions of Islamic finance to translate 'riba' as interest, we wish to argue that it is better understood through the notion of usury since it was understood this way not just in the Christian Middle Ages but even at the time of Adam Smith in his 'The Wealth of Nations'. We also argue that the person responsible for changing attitudes towards usury was Jeremy Bentham, whose Defence of Usury would have a huge impact in shaping (...)No categories
- Becoming-With: Living Lexicon for the Environmental Humanities.K. Wright - unknownThe Environmental Humanities is an engaged, scholarly response to madness - an attempt to address the systemic pathology of a species disconnected from the conditions of its world. Becoming-with offers a metaphysics grounded in connection, challenging delusions of separation - the erroneous belief that it is somehow possible to exempt ourselves from Earth's ecological community. Donna Haraway tells us that '[i]f we appreciate the foolishness of human exceptionalism then we know that becoming is always becoming 'with', in a contact zone (...)No categories
- An Ethics of Entanglement for the Anthropocene.K. Wright - unknownCyberneticist and ecological philosopher Gregory Bateson is well known for his assertion that the basic unit of survival on earth is the organism-plus-environment, and so any organism that destroys its environment is committing suicide. In this paper I take this statement of interdependency not only to mean that the organism requires an environment to survive, but also that the organism is inseparable from the environment, and is itself an environment for others. Looking at the world from the perspective of the (...)No categories
- Acquaintance with Universals.P. Forrest - 2017 - Metaphysica 18 (1):1-13.In this paper I argue that the problems solved by universals require not merely that we know they exist but that we know them by acquaintance. I begin by explicating this thesis of acquaintance with universals. I then show how it solves some familiar problems. After that I reply to the objection that something weaker will do such as David Lewis' distinction between natural and artificial classes of possibilia.No categories
- Transdisciplinary Journeys in the Anthropocene: More-Than-Human Encounters.K. Wright - unknown'Transdisciplinary Journeys in the Anthropocene' offers a new perspective on inter~ national environmental scholarship, focusing on the emotional and affective connections between human and nonhuman lives to reveal fresh connections between global issues of climate change, species extinction and colonisation. Combining the rhythm of road travel, interviews with local Aboriginal Elders and autobiographical storytelling, the book develops a new form of nature writing informed by concepts from posthumanism and the environmental humanities. It also highlights connections between the studied area and (...)No categories
- Review of 'How Propaganda Works' by Jason Stanley: Princeton University Press , $56.95 Hb, 373 Pp, 9780691164427.A. J. Walsh - 2016 - Australian Book Review 380:52-53.Jason Stanley argues in his new book that propaganda is more prevalent within liberal democracies - and is of far greater concern - than is typically assumed. Indeed, Stanley suggests that the very idea that propaganda only proliferates within authoritarian regimes, which have ministries set aside for its production, is a central tenet of the propaganda of the West. Stanley's aim in this book is to outline the distinctive features of propaganda within a liberal democracy. On his account, the 'flawed (...)No categories
- Nordic Plenty: Review of 'Trillion Dollar Baby: How Norway Beat the Oil Giants and Won a Lasting Fortune' by Paul Cleary Black Inc. $27.99 Pb, 235 Pp, 9781863958961. [REVIEW]A. J. Walsh - unknownThe casual visitor to Oslo, with little or no knowledge of Norway's recent history, could be forgiven for being unaware that per capita this is one of the wealthiest nations in the world. With its predominantly nineteenth-century streetscapes and the absence of large or monumental buildings, there is in fact little evidence, except for the recently built opera house on the harbour, that Oslo is the capital of a nation with the world's largest future fund. The latter, with assets worth (...)No categories
- Climate Change Policy, Economic Analysis and Price-Independent Conceptions of Ultimate Value.A. Walsh - unknownTo what extent should the economic analysis of climate change be constrained by or evaluated against external ethical considerations? To what extent should it be subject to moral criticism? In determining appropriate responses to the challenges of climate change, governments and public policymakers have made great use of the tools of economics. Indeed, economic analysis and economic modelling have been central in such policy formation.2 These economic evaluations of and approaches to the problems posed by climate change in the end (...)No categories
- Introduction.A. Walsh, S. Hormio & D. Purves - unknownClimate change is one of the most crucial problems facing the global community at the present time. Climate change will affect not only the well-being of future generations but the prospects of those who are currently alive. At the time of writing this introduction, news outlets across the world were reporting that global temperatures for February of this year showed an unprecedented upward spike.' According to NASA data, it was 1.35°C warmer than the average February during the baseline period of (...)No categories
- Howling Like Wolves, Bleating Like Lambs: Singers and the Discourse of Animality in the Late Middle Ages.J. Stoessel - unknownIn 1247 Simon of Saint-Quentin compared Mongol song to the howling of wolves. Like Simon, authors writing about music from the late thirteenth to mid-sixteenth century often associate the singing of certain socio-linguistic groups with the vocalizations of animals. This article argues that these statements betray what Cary Wolfe has termed the discourse of animality. This discourse seeks through a process of alienation to define morally or theologically the Latin West's place in the world. Yet anthropomorphized animals in literature and (...)No categories
- How to Do Animal Ethics.A. Lynch & L. McLean - unknownMany think doing animal ethics demands we see moral humanism as a speciesist prejudice of the kind found with sexism and racism. The only serious case for this rests on the Argument from Marginal Cases. We find that argument to the point, but show that properly understood it supports humanism. Understanding why it does this lets us see how we ought to go on in animal ethics.
- Deconstructing Happiness: Critical Sociology and the Good Life.J. McKenzie - unknownThis book offers an original account of the good life in late modernity through a uniquely sociological lens. It considers the various ways that social and cultural factors can encourage or impede genuine efforts to live a good life by deconstructing the concepts of happiness and contentment within cultural narratives of the good life. Although empirical studies have dominated the discourse on happiness in recent decades, the emphasis on finding causal and correlational relationships has led to a field of research (...)
- The Personal Pantheist Conception of God.P. Forrest - unknownThis chapter is a case for the pantheist conception considered as a species of theism, rather than a rival to it. The starting point, the premise of the argument, is properly anthropomorphic metaphysics, which I propose as a rival to scientific naturalism; I begin, then, by stating my version of pantheism, by expounding PAM, and by sketching my argument.
- Sport, Commerce and the Market.A. J. Walsh - unknownOver the past 50 years, we have witnessed a revolution in the organisation and social understanding of elite sport. Elite sport has been commercialised. Top-level athletes have become professionals who often receive remarkable levels of income and sporting events, such as the World Cup, are multi-billion dollar exercises that attract enormous levels of sponsorship. Many sports, such as cricket, have been substantially revamped in order to make them more appealing to mass audiences and, accordingly, more beneficial to sponsors and many (...)
- Against Virtue Parsimony: Markets, Good Intentions, and Political Life.A. J. Walsh - unknownWe inhabit a world in which the market is a dominant institutional form of social organization. This influence is not without its critics, and there is considerable debate amongst political philosophers and policy-makers about whether the range of the market should expand or contract and, further, about the extent to which the market should be subject to constraints and government regulation. The expansion of the market into realms hitherto unknown is the theme of a number of recent books, including Michael (...)
- Noxious Markets, Inequality and Social Meanings: Review of 'Why Some Things Should Not Be for Sale: The Moral Limits of Markets', by Debra Satz, New York: Oxford University Press, 2010, Xi + 252 Pp., US$35.00 , ISBN 978-0-19-531159-4. [REVIEW]A. J. Walsh - unknownNoxious markets, inequality and social meanings In this thoughtful and timely book, Debra Satz provides a convincing justificatory framework for our ongoing discomfort at the intrusion of markets into many areas of our lives that hitherto had been free from commercial influence. Her central problem is the commodification of everyday life. We inhabit social worlds which are highly commodified and in which the market is often prescribed as a universal panacea for any social problem we confront. Yet despite such overt (...)
- Review of 'Austerity: The History of a Dangerous Idea' by Mark Blyth: Oxford University Press, $29.95 Hb, 288 Pp, 9780199828302. [REVIEW]A. J. Walsh - unknownMark Blyth's 'Austerity: The History of a Dangerous Idea' is at heart a morality tale, or, more accurately, an account of two competing and diametrically opposed morality tales jostling to explain both the recent Global Financial Crisis that engulfed much of Europe in 2008 and the austerity policies that were implemented by most governments in that region in its aftermath. According to proponents of austerity, economic growth can only be achieved through reductions in state spending. Blyth argues with great passion (...)No categories
- Review of Nine, Cara, 'Global Justice and Territory', Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012, Pp. X + 192, £54.00. [REVIEW]A. J. Walsh - unknownDoes the pursuit of ideals of global justice mean we must relinquish exclusive territorial rights and, in particular, exclusive resource rights? Cosmopolitans have assumed that it does. In this rich and thoughtful book, Cara Nine runs against the tide of much thinking on global justice and pursues the provocative suggestion that if we take territorial rights to be fundamental elements in a theory of global justice, then there will be circumstances where resource inequality can be justified. Nine does not so (...)
- Attitudes: Review 'Consciousness and Moral Responsibility' by Neil Levy. Oxford University Press, $117 Hb, 176 Pp, 978019870638. [REVIEW]A. J. Walsh - unknownConsider the following dilemma. If it is possible to identify the cause of a person's action and beliefs - causes that are outside the agent's own conscious reasoning - in what sense can we say that the person chooses what she does or she thinks? If the person did not consciously choose, then it is reasonable to ask whether she should be held morally responsible for any of the subsequent consequences of her actions. This is the general territory of the (...)
- Review of 'Hard Times: The Divisive Toll of the Economic Slump' by Tom Clark and Anthony Heath: Yale University Press , $30 Hb, 310 Pp, 9780300203776. [REVIEW]A. J. Walsh - unknownIt is now more than six years since the Global Financial Crisis threatened to topple the banking systems of the Western world. Although a complete breakdown in the financial system was ultimately avoided, one consequence of the events of 2008 has been the biggest slump in economic activity since the Great Depression. Australia was, in the main, spared the economic damage that ravaged large parts of Europe, and there has been little discussion in these parts of the causes and social (...)No categories
- Review of 'Worldly Philosopher: The Odyssey of Albert O. Hirschman' by Jeremy Adelman, Princeton University Press , $74 Hb, 754 Pp, 9780691155678, And: 'The Essential Hirschman' Edited by Jeremy Adelman, Princeton University Press , $47.95 Hb, 401 Pp, 9780691159904.A. J. Walsh - 2014 - Australian Book Review 364:29-30.Albert O. Hirschman was a development economist and political theorist whose work is essential reading for anyone interested in understanding how economic life figures in the political worlds we inhabit and the ways in which we give meaning to our lives in market-based societies. Perhaps best known for the distinction between 'exit' and 'voice', Hirschman was a prolific theorist who wrote about the role individual moral virtue and individual self-interest should play in economic activity, how economic growth in the developing (...)No categories
- Music, Geometry, and the Listener: Space in The History of Western Philosophy and Western Classical Music.M. Buck - unknownThis thesis is directed towards a philosophy of music by attention to conceptions and perceptions of space. I focus on melody and harmony, and do not emphasise rhythm, which, as far as I can tell, concerns time rather than space. I seek a metaphysical account of Western Classical music in the diatonic tradition. More specifically, my interest is in wordless, untitled music, often called 'absolute' music. My aim is to elucidate a spatial approach to the world combined with a curiosity (...)
- The Mandevillean Conceit and the Profit-Motive.A. J. Walsh & A. J. Lynch - unknownInvisible Hand accounts of the operations of the competitive market are often thought to have two implications for morality as it confronts economic life. First, explanations of agents economic activities eschew constitutive appeal to moral notions; and second, such moralism is pernicious insofar as it tends to undermine the operations of a socially valuable social process. This is the Mandevillean Conceit. The Conceit rests on an avarice-only reading of the profit-motive that is mistaken. The avarice-only reading is not the only (...)No categories
- William Kingdon Clifford: An Unconventional Mind.R. Gilbody - unknownThis thesis seeks to show that the recorded thought of William Kingdon Clifford in the third quarter of the 19th C was not only relevant to scientific advancement but removed absolute certainty from any posited model of reality. The period during which Clifford worked was a turning point in humanity's understanding of the world. The two most significant developments of his time that Clifford used in his speculative metaphysic were the possibility of non-Euclidean geometries being abstract as opposed to abstruse, (...)
- On Molinism and Manipulation: Does Molinism Answer the Problems About Providence, Foreknowledge and Free Will?R. I. Anderson - unknownMolinism attempts to resolve the incompatibility of divine foreknowledge and human libertarian freedom by the inclusion of the divine will into the solution. Moreover, middle knowledge is providentially useful under the Molinist model because of the way God uses it. This speaks of an integral link between the divine will and intellect that works in such a way as to provide a foreknowledge solution and, allegedly, the best view of providence. Nevertheless, there have been several anti-Molinist arguments by analogy which (...)
- Reflections on Violence.M. A. Fox - unknownIf it is our aim to establish a world order in which nonviolence and peace prevail, then it is helpful - even essential - to understand the nature of violence. Many believe violence is such a fundamental expression of human nature that we will never be free of war. I wish to argue against this view. The analysis that follows will focus on these issues: defining violence; effects of violence; varieties of violence; causes and consequences of violence; and controlling violence.