OAI Archive: Institutional Knowledge at Singapore Management University

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Institutional Knowledge at Singapore Management University"

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  1. Your computer is on fire.Ksenia Tatarchenko - unknown
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  2. The Great Soviet calculator hack.Ksenia Tatarchenko - unknown
    Despite the ubiquity of computers in modern society, the vast majority of today's students never study computer science or computer programming. Those who are exposed to these subjects typically learn low-level skills rather than undertaking any deeper exploration of computational concepts or theory. In earlier decades, a few countries did promote computer education at the national level. In the 1980s, for example, the British government launched a popular and quite successful initiative that brought thousands of BBC Micros into classrooms.
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  3. Cold War origins of the International Federation for Information Processing.Ksenia Tatarchenko - unknown
    The International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) was born as a nongovernmental federation with the main goal of bringing together computer professionals from countries in the East and West. This article examines the Cold War context of the IFIP's origins and the mechanisms its founders used to reconcile computing and politics and to construct computing as an international discipline.
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  4. "The computer does not believe in tears": Soviet programming, professionalization, and the gendering of authority.Ksenia Tatarchenko - unknown
    By the middle of the 1960s, the Soviet press routinely exalted computers as the “machines of communism,” and the new programming profession had become familiar enough to make a programmer the main hero of a science iction novel. he Strugatskys’ immensely popular Monday Begins on Saturday—the title referring to a kind of work that knows no holidays—is a satirical fable where scientiic research masqueraded as magic. The novel opens with a fantastical institute staf headhunting a young programmer, Aleksandr Privalov. At (...)
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  5. Thinking algorithmically: From Cold War computer science to the socialist information culture.Ksenia Tatarchenko - unknown
    Cold War competition shaped the process of computerization in both East and West during the second half of the twentieth century. This article combines insights from Science and Technology Studies, which brought the analysis of Cold War technopolitics beyond the context of the nation-state, with approaches from Critical Algorithm Studies, to question the algorithm's role in the global "computer revolution." It traces the algorithm's trajectory across several geographical, political, and discursive spaces to argue that its mutable cultural valences made the (...)
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  6. Algorithm's Cradle: Commemorating al-Khwarizmi in the Soviet history of mathematics and Cold War computer science.Ksenia Tatarchenko - unknown
    This chapter investigates the origin narratives and commemoration practices that came hand in hand with the growing cultural authority of the algorithm after World War II, culminating in celebrations in honor of the 1,200th anniversary of the medieval scholar Abu MODIFIER LETTER LEFT HALF RINGAdallah Muhammad Ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi. I first show how al-Khwarizmi's legacy was claimed by Soviet historians of mathematics aiming to construct a history inspired by dialectical materialism, a goal that eventually led to arguments about the distinct, (...)
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  7. Man-machine dialogues: Computer representations and appropriations in the Soviet Union and the United States.Ksenia Tatarchenko - unknown
    What brought a plurality of information societies into existence? The global process of computerizations went hand in hand with political competition between the First and Second World during the second half of the twentieth century. Non-capitalist information societies were imagined and experienced under the socialistregimes alongside and in interaction with their better-known capitalist counterparts. Both capitalism and socialism asserted the power of the new machines to depict and create a better world.
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  8. Texts and traditions in Chinese and comparative philosophy.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2023 - History and Theory 62 (1).
    This article considers Quentin Skinner's critique and methodology in his seminal essay "Meaning and Understanding in the History of Ideas " vis-a-vis the current methodological debates in Chinese and comparative philosophy. It surveys the different ways in which philosophers who work with ancient Chinese texts in those related fields deal with the tension between textual contexts and autonomy and how some of the errors criticized by Skinner under the mythology of coherence, mythology of doctrines, mythology of parochialism, and mythology of (...)
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  9. Toward critique and reconstruction: Roberto Unger on law, passion and politics.Andrew B. L. Phang - 1993 - Hull University Law School.
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  10. Testimony, credit, and blame.Shane Ryan, Chienkuo Mi Mi & Masaharu Mizumoto - unknown
    This paper examines ordinary people’s responses to Jennifer Lackey’s Chicago Visitor case. In particular it examines responses regarding the case from participants with Taiwanese backgrounds and US backgrounds. The Chicago Visitor case is one of the most influential cases in epistemology in recent years and plays a significant role in a number of debates in epistemology. First, the case is used to suggest that the Credit View is mistaken. Second, the case seems to pose a problem for a virtue epistemological (...)
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  11. Law and epistemology: An account of judgement.Chienkuo Mi & Shane Ryan - 2021 - In Baosheng Zhang, Shijun Tong, Jing Cao & Chuanming Fan (eds.), Facts and evidence.
    Three key components of a legal case are evidence, fact and judgement. In a well conducted judgement there will be an appropriate relation between these three components. Epistemologists investigating the nature of knowledge have been concerned with an analogous three components and their relation. More specifically, epistemologists have been concerned with justification, truth, and belief and how these three components need to be related if there is to be knowledge. Given the analogy, the research of epistemologists plausibly has insights to (...)
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  12. Humanities education in the age of AI: Reflections from Deweyan and Confucian perspectives.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2022 - In Huajun Zhang & Jim Garrison (eds.), John Dewey and Chinese Education: A Centennial Reflection.
    Artificial Intelligence (AI) is transforming our world: today machines not only can mimic human actions but out-perform human agents in many activities, including learning and thinking. AI offers revolutionary solutions and new possibilities in transportation, business, communication, medicine, law, and other domains. While some welcome this brave new world, others fear the threats AI pose to people’s livelihoods, social relations, individuality, freedom, and perhaps even the very survival of the human species. No doubt some of this existential angst is exaggerated, (...)
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  13. Ancient Chinese political thought.Sor-Hoon Tan - unknown
    “Ancient Chinese political thought” refers to the reflections and discussions about politics during the period before the First Emperor established the Qin dynasty in 221 BCE. Although one could also infer some political thought of that period from the other archeological evidence, the main sources of such reflections and discussions are texts believed to date back to that period, some of which became the foundation of Chinese education that began in the Han dynasty and lasted till the beginning of the (...)
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  14. Ideas for the intellect and emotions for the heart: The literary dimensions of Tocqueville’s Democracy in America.Christine Rodman Henderson - unknown
    Alexis de Tocqueville’s lifelong friend and companion Gustave de Beaumont produced a literary work based on their visit to the United States. Beaumont’s 1835 novel Marie, ou l’Esclavage aux Etats Unis, explored themes of race, manners, and equality in American society. Although Democracy in America is not a work of literature per se, it does contain a remarkable number of literary vignettes that give the work a distinctively literary quality. As Christine Dunn Henderson argues in this chapter, Tocqueville’s literary portraiture (...)
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  15. Comparative Philosophy and Method: Contemporary Practices and Future Possibilities.Steven Burik, Ralph Weber & Robert Smid (eds.) - 2023 - New York: Institutional Knowledge at Singapore Management University.
    Addressing arguments that comparative philosophy is itself impossible, or that it is indistinguishable from philosophy more generally, this collection challenges myopic understandings of comparative method and encourages a more informed consideration. Bringing together a wide variety of methodological options, it features scholars spread across the globe representing multiple philosophical traditions. From the beginnings of comparative philosophy in the 19th century to present-day proposals for more global philosophy departments, every chapter serves as a viable methodological alternative for any would-be philosophical comparativist. (...)
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  16. Property.Onur Ulas Ince - 2015 - In Michael T. Gibbons (ed.), Encyclopedia of Political Thought.
    This article provides a concise introduction and brief guide to relevant sources on the concept of property in the history of political thought. The article traces continuities and discontinuities in political thinking on property since antiquity, encompassing classical, Christian, early modern, Enlightenment, Marxist, and anarchist thought. Special emphasis is given to the debates on the changing conceptions and normative valences of property at the interface between classical-Christian moral economies and modern-secular commercial economies.
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  17. An Introduction to Critical and Creative Thinking: Analyzing and Evaluating Ordinary Language Reasoning.T. Brian Mooney, John Nicholas Williams & Steven Burik - 2015 - Institutional Knowledge at Singapore Management University.
    The book aims at equipping you with 21st Century Skills key life skills that will drive your future employability, promotion and career success. These are required for effective reasoning, writing and decision-making in changing, evolving environments. You give reasons for what you do and think every day. You argue. You often argue about things that matter to you. For example you might argue that you are the best candidate for promotion, about whether your company should invest in China, about the (...)
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  18. Russian logics and the culture of impossible: Part II: Reinterpreting algorithmic rationality.Ksenia Tatarchenko, Anya Yermakova & Liesbeth de Mol - 2022 - IEEE Annals of the History of Computing 43 (4).
    This article reinterprets algorithmic rationality by looking at the interaction between mathematical logic, mechanized reasoning, and, later, computing in the Russian Imperial and Soviet contexts to offer a history of the algorithm as a mathematical object bridging the inner and outer worlds, a humanistic vision that we, following logician Vladimir Uspensky, call the “culture of the impossible.” We unfold the deep roots of this vision as embodied in scientific intelligentsia. In Part I, we examine continuities between the turn-of-the-twentieth-century discussions of (...)
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  19. Mou Zongsan's concept of Immanent-transcendence.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2021 - Journal of International Communication of Chinese Culture 8 (2).
    This paper examines the meaning and importance of the concept of immanent-transcendence in Mou’s assertion that Chinese philosophy is unique and superior, through his engagement with the philosophy of Immanuel Kant and his comparisons of Chinese and Western philosophical traditions. Rejecting Kant’s “epistemological path” as deficient, Mou argues that knowledge of the transcendent is possible through moral practice, as demonstrated by the Confucian tradition. His merging of immanence and transcendence implies a different relation between ethics and religion compared with the (...)
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  20. Legal Education, Philosophy and Values Consciousness of the Law Student.Seow Hon Tan - 2008 - International Journal of Learning 15 (4).
    The value of teaching philosophy in law schools has been the subject of considerable debate, with detractors in practice and academia questioning its utility for professional practice. This paper suggests that teaching legal philosophy in law schools is necessary to challenge the law student to develop her own theory about law, its legitimacy, and its relation to justice, morality, power and rationality. Through such theoretical understanding, the law student acquires a sensitivity to, and concern for, the ideals underlying the law. (...)
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  21. Against Political Equality: The Confucian Case written by Bai Tongdong [Book Review].Sor-Hoon Tan - 2021 - Journal of Chinese Humanities 6.
  22. Book review The question of the gift: Essays across disciplines edited by Mark Osteen. [REVIEW]Hang Wu Tang - unknown
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  23. Encyclopedic Liberty: Political articles in the dictionary of Diderot and D’Alembert.Denis Diderot, Jean le Rond D’Alembert, Christine Henderson & Christine Rodman Henderson - unknown
    This anthology is the first endeavor to bring together the most significant political writing from the entire twenty-million-word compendium known as The Encyclopedia. It includes eighty-one of the most original, controversial and representative articles on political ideas, practices, and institutions, many translated into English for the first time. The articles cover such topics as the foundations of political order, the relationship between natural and civil liberty, the different types of constitutional regimes, the role of the state in economic and religious (...)
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  24. Cato: A tragedy, and selected essays: Joseph Addison.Christine Rodman Henderson & Mark E. Yellin - unknown
    First produced in 1713, Cato, A Tragedy inspired generations toward a pursuit of liberty. Liberty Fund’s new edition of Cato: A Tragedy, and Selected Essays brings together Addison’s dramatic masterpiece along with a selection of his essays that develop key themes in the play. Cato, A Tragedy is the account of the final hours of Marcus Porcius Cato, a Stoic whose deeds, rhetoric, and resistance to the tyranny of Caesar made him an icon of republicanism, virtue, and liberty.
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  25. Tocqueville’s Voyages: The evolution of his ideas and their journey beyond his time.Christine Rodman Henderson - unknown
    Tocqueville’s Voyages is a collection of newly written essays by some of the most well-known Tocquevillian scholars today. The essays in the first part of the volume explore the development of Tocqueville’s thought, his intellectual voyage, during his trip to America and while writing Democracy in America. The second part of the book focuses on the dissemination of Tocqueville’s ideas beyond the Franco-American context of 1835–1840 in places such as Argentina, Japan, and Eastern Europe.
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  26. Tyranny and tragedy in Beaumont’s Marie.Christine Rodman Henderson - unknown
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  27. Bourgeois dignity: Making the self-made man.Christine Rodman Henderson - unknown
    Somewhere near the beginning of the eighteenth century a new concept of “dignity” was emerging alongside the rise of a new socioeconomic class, the bourgeoisie. This chapter explores the development of this distinctive new concept of dignity, investigating first the key elements of the so-called bourgeois virtues that provided content to this new ethos of dignity. Next, it probes the economic, political, and social conditions that facilitated the emergence and diffusion of bourgeois dignity during the eighteenth century. Finally, it discusses (...)
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  28. Tocqueville on modern individualism.Christine Rodman Henderson - unknown
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  29. The Ehrenfests’ use of toy models to explore irreversibility in statistical mechanics.Joshua Luczak & Lena Zuchowski - unknown
    This article highlights and discusses the Ehrenfests’ use of toy models to explore irreversibility in statistical mechanics. In particular, we explore their urn and P–Q models and highlight that, while the former was primarily used to provide a simple counter-example to Zermelo’s objection to Boltzmann’s statistical mechanical underpinning of the Second Law of Thermodynamics, the latter was intended to highlight the role and importance of the Stoßzahlansatz as a cause of the tendency of systems to exhibit entropy increase. We also (...)
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  30. Introduction: Derrida and Asian thought.Steven Burik - 2020 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 12 (1):53-65.
    More than fifteen years after Jacques Derrida passed away, he remains a controversial figure in philosophy. Much maligned, both when he was alive and after his death, Derrida’s relation to philosophy proper has always been an uneasy one, not least because of his relentless questioning of the notion of "philosophy proper" itself. It is this relentless interrogation of the history and presuppositions of Western philosophy that has made him an attractive figure to comparative philosophy. Many of the authors in this (...)
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  31. Poverty and politics in Tocqueville’s Memoir on Pauperism.Christine Rodman Henderson - unknown
    Alexis de Tocqueville is best remembered in the United States for Democracy in America, his penetrating study of life in the early nineteenth-century. Tocqueville was, of course, an analyst of his own France, and his The Old Regime and the Revolution remains a classic analysis of pre-Revolutionary and Revolutionary France. Less well-known, however, is that Tocqueville was also keenly interested in England, traveling to England several times and following with great interest the political and social developments there during his lifetime. (...)
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  32. A people of the law: Review of Kevin Butterfield’s "The Making of Tocqueville’s Democracy in America: Law and Association in the Early United States". [REVIEW]Christine Rodman Henderson - unknown
    In The Making of Tocqueville’s Democracy: Law and Association in the Early United States, Kevin Butterfield, assistant professor of classics and letters at the University of Oklahoma, focuses on the proliferation of associations in the formative years of the American republic. Butterfield’s concern, however, is slightly different from Tocqueville’s, in that Butterfield is less intrigued by the question of why associations proliferated and how they preserve freedom in a democratic age, and more focused upon how these associations were constituted and (...)
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  33. Memoirs on pauperism and other writings: Poverty, public welfare, and inequality.Alexis de Tocqueville & Christine Henderson (eds.) - 2021 - Institutional Knowledge at Singapore Management University.
    The collection includes new translations of Tocqueville's works, including the first English translation of his Second Memoir, the original Memoir, a letter fragment considering pauperism in Normandy, and the ‘‘Pauperism in America’’ index to the Penitentiary Report. Alexis de Tocqueville was one of the most important thinkers of the nineteenth century, and his thought continues to influence contemporary political and social discourse. In Memoirs on Pauperism and Other Writings, Christine Dunn Henderson brings all of Tocqueville’s writings on poverty together for (...)
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  34. Translation of: Place: Derrida and Nishitani.Rolf Elberfeld & Steven Burik - 2020 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 12 (1):44-52.
    In his works Chora [Derrida, Jacques. 1993. Khôra. Paris: Galilée] and “Comment ne pas parler? Denegations” Derrida used the metaphor chora from Plato’s Timaeus to continue his struggle with the metaphysics of presence. In 1926 Nishida, the founder of the Japanese Kyōto School, used the same metaphor to create a new foundation of philosophy. Nishitani, a disciple of Nishida, developed the work of Nishida in close connection to Zen Buddhist experiences. Derrida tries to show the limits of language within the (...)
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  35. "Those stubborn principles": From stoicism to sociability in Joseph Addison’s Cato.Christine Henderson & Mark Yellin - 2014 - Review of Politics 76 (2).
    Joseph Addison’s 1713 play, Cato: A Tragedy, dramatizes the final days of Cato the Younger’s resistance to Julius Caesar before his eventual suicide at Utica in 46 BC. Although Addison initially seems to present Cato as a model for emulation, we argue that Addison is ultimately critical of both Cato and the Stoicism he embodies. Via the play’s romantic subplot and via his work as an essayist, Addison offers a revision of the Catonic model, reworking it into a gentler model (...)
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  36. Traditions of philanthropic order.Christine Henderson - 2009 - Conversations on Philanthropy 6.
    Individuals act more or less simultaneously as economic agents, citizens, and participants in civil society. Their interactions and their ways of fulfilling these roles take many forms. Not all of them can be said to be self-organizing, yet in several instances patterns of organization emerge spontaneously without being deliberately designed. Of course, the market economy—or “catallaxy,” as F. A. Hayek called it—remains the best example of such “spontaneous orders.” But there are others. Gus diZerega, for example, has identified science and (...)
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  37. Translation of: Interview with Jacques Derrida: The western question of "forgiveness" and the intercultural relation.Ning Zhang & Steven Burik - 2020 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 12 (1):5-16.
    These two interviews with Jacques Derrida were conducted by Ning Zhang in 1999 and 2000, respectively, in preparation for the publication of his book Writing and Difference in Chinese and his first academic trip to China in 2001. In the first interview, Jacques Derrida tries to clarify the ethical concerns with regard to his deconstructive analysis of Western traditions, through his critical reading of the concept of forgiveness. In this interview he gives us a clearer insight into his ideas about (...)
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  38. Does Xunzi’s ethics of ritual need a metaphysics?Sor-Hoon Tan - 2016 - Journal of Religious Philosophy 75.
    Contemporary philosophers working on Chinese Philosophy, Confucianism in particular, disagree about the status of metaphysics in early Confucianism. Some maintain that metaphysics are absent by pointing to the overwhelming emphasis on practical concerns – ethical and political – in the early Confucian texts. Others insist that even if there were no explicit metaphysical discussion or theorizing, metaphysical assumptions are inevitable. However do these assumptions point to one definite metaphysical system, or are they so vague and ambiguous that different mutually incompatible (...)
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  39. Tang Junyi’s comparative philosophy and the spiritual value of Chinese culture.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2014 - New Asia Academic Bulletin 21.
    Tang Junyi engaged in philosophical comparisons very early in his career. He always philosophized from a cultural perspective in his subsequent philosophical reflection on the development of the mind, the philosophy of life, the relation between culture and moral reason, and the spiritual value of Chinese culture.
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  40. Why study the Chinese classics and how to go about it?Sor-Hoon Tan - 2011 - Journal of Curriculum Studies 43 (5).
    This response to Zongjie Wu's "Interpretation, autonomy, and interpretation" focuses on the "battle between East and West" which contextualizes Wu's proposal to counter the current Western domination of Chinese pedagogic discourse with an "authentic language" recovered from the Chinese classics. It points out that it is impossible and undesirable to reject all Western influences. The dualistic opposition between East and West over-simplifies and blinds one to the complexity of China's history and culture, and unnecessarily limits future possibilities. It challenges Wu's (...)
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  41. Whose traditions? Which practices?Sor-Hoon Tan - 2017 - Journal of World Philosophies 2 (1).
    My response to Tully’s article, “Deparochializing Political Theory and Beyond,” suggests that before introducing students in Asia to comparative political thought, including texts from Asian traditions in Political Theory or Philosophy courses, their education needs to first engage in the critical practice of questioning their own “background horizon of disclosure.” The background horizon of disclosure that needs questioning certainly is not simply constituted by Asian traditions; despite westernized education, it is also not entirely western, insofar as the society they live (...)
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  42. Nudging evolutionary mismatched behaviors: Implications for social psychology and public policy.Mark Van Vugt, Lianne P. De Vries & Norman P. Li - unknown
    Evolutionary mismatch is an important concept in evolutionary social psychology and may play a significant role in accounting for numerous maladaptive choice preferences of humans living in evolutionary novel environments. Here we review evidence in support of mismatched preferences in the context of romantic relationships, work settings, politics, and healthy and sustainable lifestyles. In developing interventions to change mismatched preferences, it is crucial to consider the constraints and opportunities of our evolved psychology.
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  43. Heidegger and East Asian Thought.Steven Burik - 2015 - Philosophy East and West 65 (1):341-344.
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  44. The Unreal Universe: A Study in Applied Spirituality.Manoj Thulasidas - 2007 - Singapore: Asian Books.
    The Unreal Universe is an inquiry into the realness of reality as reflected in the basic assumptions of physics. It examines these assumptions using metaphysical views of reality. Many schools of philosophy view our perceptual reality as a limited projection of a larger truth into our sensory or cognitive space. A similar view is now echoed in modern neuroscience. This philosophical insight rediscovered in the context of physics forms the backbone of this book.
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  45. Relevance of the Regulatory State in North/South Intersections.Mark Findlay & Si Wei Lim - 2014 - International Journal of Social Economics 41 (7):542-555.
    Purpose – What seems like a new social anthropology of global regulation is an endeavour much too grand for this paper, even though it has much merit. To contain the analysis which follows, the discussion of social embeddedness will be restricted to a comparison of markets which retain some local or regional integrity from those which have become largely removed from cultural or communal social bonds. An example is between markets trading in goods and services with a consumer base which (...)
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  46. An analysis of St. Thomas Aquinas’s position on the relationship between justice and legality.Wei Yao Chng - 2018 - Journal Jurisprudence 37:238-263.
    This paper is directed at a deep investigation of Thomas Aquinas's position on the relationship between justice and legality, a perennial debate in legal philosophy - are unjust laws laws at all? Modern natural law theorists taking contradictory positions all claim to be faithful to Aquinas's ideas on the matter. Yet, they cannot all be correct. This paper aims to discern Aquinas's true position on the matter by undertaking a detailed study of Aquinas's Treatise on Law, the broader context of (...)
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  47. It is not about the drugs: A comparative and contextual analysis of Singapore and European approach to drug issues.Rathna N. Korman - 2018 - Beijing Law Review 9 (3):439-459.
    This article aims to establish that Singapore’s drug policy and approach though not in tandem, is consistent with the elements espoused in the harm reduction approach advocated by the Global Commission on drug policies. The Commission takes the position that drug control nationally has to be aligned with the sustainable development goals agenda approved by the member states in 2015. It has recommended abolishing death penalty for all drug related offences, decriminalizing drug possession and cultivation for personal consumption, implementing non-penal (...)
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  48. Is public space suited to co-operative inquiry?Sor-Hoon Tan - 2002 - Innovation / Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research 15 (1):23-32.
    This article questions the nature of the philosophical commitment to the problem of 'the public' in modernity. To what extent does the natural form of the public determine the use and value of the instruments of pragmatism in the public-private divide. In this interpretation, John Dewey's ideas about 'the public' are presented in terms of how to solve a specific problem through what he sees as 'co-operative inquiry'. The article also examines the role of public space in the process of (...)
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  49. To thank or not to thank: Understanding the differences between gratitude and indebtedness after receiving a favor through emotion appraisals, motivations and behaviors.Ze Ling Nai - 2019 - Dissertation, Singapore Management University
    Objective: This study aimed to distinguish between daily experiences of gratitude and indebtedness through three stages - emotional appraisals, motivations to reciprocate and behavioural tendencies. Through these three stages, I aimed to gain a better insight into the emotional process involved before and after receiving favours. Method: 196 participants were recruited from Singapore Management University to take part in a 14-day diary study. Every two days, participants were asked to report a favour they received over the past two days and (...)
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  50. Experimental democracy for China: Dewey’s method.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2018 - In Steven Fesmire (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Dewey. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter explores the relevance of Dewey’s philosophy of democracy for China within the context of Dewey’s historical visit to China and continuing debates about his influence among the Chinese. Dewey’s pragmatism illuminates certain problems in the contemporary discourses about China’s democratization, including questions whether Chinese culture is an obstacle to democratization and the strengths of a Deweyan approach to articulating a Confucian democracy that could work in China. Dewey’s emphasis on experimentation in social reforms and his fallibilism regarding the (...)
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  51. Plato’s Theory of Love in the ‘Lysis’: A Defence.T. Brian Mooney - 1990 - Irish Philosophical Journal 7 (1/2):131-159.
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  52. Wisdom as Realisation: Heidegger and Zhuangzi on Belonging in the World.Steven Burik - 2016 - In Hans-Georg Moeller & Andrew Whitehead (eds.), Wisdom and Philosophy: Contemporary and Comparative Approaches. Bloomsbury Academic.
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  53. Comparative Resources: Continental Philosophy and Daoism.Steven Burik - 2016 - Journal of Daoist Studies 9:18-48.
    I argue that continental philosophical resources are more appropriate for comparative philosophy regarding classical Daoism since they in various ways challenge the dominant metaphysical orientation of Western thought and give us a better and more appropriate vocabulary to make sense of important Daoist ideas within the confines of Western languages. Since classical Daoism is largely non-metaphysical or at least not metaphysical in the same way as the Western history of philosophy is, it makes sense that those within the Western tradition (...)
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  54. Is there imagination in Daoism?: Kant, Heidegger, and Classical Daoism and the rethinking of imagination and thinking in images.Steven Burik - 2018 - In Hans-Georg Moeller & Andrew Whitehead (eds.), Imagination: Cross-Cultural Philosophical Analyses. Bloomsbury Academic.
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  55. Introduction.T. Brian Mooney & Alan Tapper - 2012 - In Meaning and Morality: Essays on the Philosophy of Julius Kovesi. Leiden: Brill. pp. 1-14.
    Some philosophers need no introduction. Julius Kovesi is a philosopher who, regrettably, does need introducing. Kovesi’s career was as a moral philosopher and intellectual historian. This book is intended to reintroduce him, more than twenty years after his death and more than forty years after the publication of his only book, Moral Notions. This Introduction will sketch some of the key features of his life and philosophical thought.
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  56. Attaining the peak.Marcus Marsden - 2017 - Asian Management Insights 4 (2):51-58.
    The willingness of individuals and teams to experience the ‘discomfort of adaptation’, as opposed to the ‘comfort of learning’, is the crucial meta-factor in the drive to increase performance. Too much time and effort is spent on strategy and knowledge. This is not to say that strategy and knowledge are not important. However, the focus on looking ‘outside’ rather than ‘inside’ for performance solutions, while it may be more comfortable for everyone concerned, does not quite cut it. As Grashow and (...)
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  57. Sisters in solidarity: Breaking the bondage of marginalised women in India.Saumya Sindhwani & Lakshmi Appasamy - unknown
    Set in November 2015, the case follows Sisters in Solidarity, a social enterprise established to emancipate marginalised women in Lucknow, India. SIS was an offshoot of Study Hall Education Foundation, a non-profit organisation that promoted feminist pedagogy in the educational establishments under its wings. SHEF also provided high quality education to underprivileged girls from the slum areas through the Prerna Girls School. The mothers of PGS students, deprived of economic opportunities due to lack of skills and education, suffered in a (...)
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  58. The evolutionary mismatch hypothesis: Implications for psychological science.Norman P. Li, Mark van Vugt & Stephen M. Colarelli - 2018 - Current Directions in Psychological Science 27 (1).
    Human psychological mechanisms are adaptations that evolved to process environmental inputs, turning them into behavioral outputs that, on average, increase survival or reproductive prospects. Modern contexts, however, differ vastly from the environments that existed as human psychological mechanisms evolved. Many inputs now differ in quantity and intensity or no longer have the same fitness associations, thereby leading many mechanisms to produce maladaptive output. We present the precepts of this evolutionary mismatch process, highlight areas of mismatch, and consider implications for psychological (...)
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  59. Implementing liberal management education through the lens of the other.Thomas Estad, Stefano Harney & Howard Thomas - unknown
    The purpose of this paper is to explore the prerequisite conditions for implementing a liberal management education and for fostering ethical students using examples from the core curriculum at Singapore Management University. Beginning with a reading of the Carnegie Foundation's Rethinking Undergraduate Business Education: liberal learning for the professions, the paper examines the contribution and limits of the findings and recommendations before discussing the place of the liberal arts in the modern university and describing a case study of liberal management (...)
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  60. Book review: Chinese and Buddhist philosophy in early twentieth-century German thought by Eric S. Nelson.Steven Burik - 2019 - Global Intellectual History 4 (1).
    Eric Nelson has written a very comprehensive study of the reception of Chinese and EasternBuddhist philosophy in Western thought, with a special focus on the German thinkers of theearly twentieth century. Nelson shows great erudition in bringing together a wide variety ofthinkers from both East and West, including importantly some lesser known, but very relevantthinkers from both the Western tradition and Eastern philosophy. Although Nelson focusesmostly on the encounters and interactions between German philosophers and Chinese thinkers,his aim with this commendable (...)
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  61. Comment on ‘Comparative Philosophy: In response to Rorty and Macintyre’ by ZHU Rui.Steven Burik - 2018 - Philosophy East and West 68 (1).
    The brief response by Rui Zhu provides an interesting take on the perennial problem of what comparative philosophy is or should be. While Zhu makes some interesting observations about and suggestions for comparative philosophy, he chooses contributions to the thinking about the possibilities and methodologies of comparative philosophy that are rather old, though, and my first wonder is: why these two papers, and not more recent contributions to the development of the methodology of comparative philosophy, as can be found in (...)
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  62. Race, revolution, and organization.Stephen Matthias Harney & Nceku Nyathi - unknown
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  63. Is it all a question of openness?Seow Hon Tan - unknown
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  64. Learning to live a life that's full.Tan Seow Hon - unknown
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  65. Sinologism: An Alternative to Orientalism and Postcolonialism.Steven Burik - 2015 - Philosophy East and West 65 (3):997-999.
    At the end of the book, Gu defines Sinologism as an undeclared but tacitly administered institutionalization of the ways of observing China from the perspective of Western epistemology that refuses, or is reluctant, to view China on its own terms, and of doing scholarship on Chinese materials and producing knowledge on Chinese civilization in terms of Western methodology that tends to disregard the real conditions of China and reduce the complexity of Chinese civilization into simplistic patterns of development modelled on (...)
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  66. Self and Other: Similarities in Continental and Chinese Philosophy.Steven Burik - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (3).
    Traditionally, metaphysical notions of self and other presuppose a dualism that underlies much of Western philosophy. This dualism is opposed by accounts of self and other in recent continental philosophy and classical Chinese philosophy, which I compare. I argue that the self is seen in continental and Chinese thought as embedded in relations and language, and not as transcendent or prior in the metaphysical sense to them. I argue for this by focussing on three themes: self and language, self as (...)
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  67. Polemos and Dao: Conflict and Harmony in Heidegger and Zhuangzi.Steven Burik - 2015 - In Aaron Creller (ed.), Conflict and Harmony in Comparative Philosophy.
    Using Heidegger‘s reinterpretation of Heraclitus' polemos and Zhuangzi's ideas of dao, struggle and sorting of differences, I will argue for a reinterpretation of notions of conflict and harmony in the two thinkers. Heidegger's Auseinandersetzung and Zhuangzi's famous 'sorting which evens things out', the seminal second chapter of the book Zhuangzi, suggest that harmony lies not in overcoming differences, but exactly in making difference and diversity central. I start with an exposition of how Heidegger understands logos and polemos in radically different (...)
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  68. Logic, Doxastic.John Nicholas Williams - unknown
    Doxastic logic, beginning with Hintikka’s Knowledge and Belief. An Introduction to the Logic of the Two Notions, studies relations between propositions about what we believe. Using ‘a’ as a proper name like ‘Ann’, ‘→’ for ‘if’ as opposed to material implication, propositional variables such as ‘p’, ‘q’ and ‘B’ to represent the two-place relation, ‘... believes that... ’.
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  69. Beyond Minority Report: Pre-Crime, Pre-Punishment and Pre-Desert.John N. Williams - unknown
  70. Superman, Wittgenstein and the Disappearance of Moorean Absurdity.John N. Williams - unknown
    'You have known me for years, Lois' explains Superman, as I lay aside my copy of Crimmins’s example. 'But there is something you have not yet discovered. You also know me under a disguise. You have not yet realized that this person is I in disguise. On that way of thinking about me, you have different opinions of me. In fact you think me an idiot.' I've just informed Superman that I accept his testimony on the strength of his intelligence. (...)
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  71. The Logics of Desire and Belief.John N. Williams - unknown
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  72. Using the Economic Concept of a 'Merit Good' to Introduce Ethics across the Curriculum.Wilfried Ver Eecke & Mark Nowacki - unknown
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  73. The Inexplicable Indifferent Will.Mark Nowacki - unknown
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  74. Rationality, Ethical Incommensurability and Existential Communication.T. Brian Mooney - unknown
    This section of the conference addressed a series of interdisciplinary themes on the issues of rational incommensurability, ethical perspectives and strategies for existential communication. Rather than attempting to answer a set of specific questions presenters were asked to provide a series of meditations on the three themes. Seven presenters provided deeply interesting and varied perspectives on the topics and their inter-relations from multi-disciplinary perspectives. There was considerable time given over to discussion and this proved especially fruitful and enlightening.
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  75. Kinky Desires: Why There Is No Connative Moore's Paradox.John N. Williams - unknown
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  76. Moore's Paradox - One or Two?John N. Williams - 1979 - Analysis 39 (3):141-142.
    Discussions of what is sometimes called 'Moore's paradox' are often vitiated by a failure to notice that there are two paradoxes; not merely one in two sets of linguistic clothing. The two paradoxes are absurd, but in different ways, and accordingly require different explanations.
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  77. Prologue.T. Brian Mooney - unknown
    Generous selections from these four seminal texts on the theory and practice of education have never before appeared together in a single volume. The Introductions that precede the texts provide brief biographical sketches of each author, situating him within his broader historical, cultural and intellectual context. The editors also provide a brief outline of key themes that emerge within the selection as a helpful guide to the reader. The final chapter engages the reflections of the classic authors with contemporary issues (...)
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  78. What is Success? The Role of Perceived Cultural Tightness in the Clarity of Success Markers.Evelyn Wing-Mun Au - unknown
    The extent to which norms are clear differ across cultures, as does the extent to which individuals believe that they will be punished for deviating from these norms. In tight cultures, individuals perceive norms to be clear and punishment for deviance to be inevitable. In loose cultures, individuals consider norms to be vague and adherence to them to be flexible. Having clear markers of success provides well-defined standards for people to evaluate others on adherence to the culture’s valued norms. This (...)
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  79. How to Prove the Existence of God from the Necessary Finitude of the Past.Mark Nowacki - unknown
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  80. Revisiting the Asian Values Argument used by Asian Political Leaders and its Validity.Chang Yau Hoon - unknown
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  81. A Simple Solution to the Surprise Exam Paradoxes.John N. Williams - unknown
  82. Social Value Orientation, Self-Control, and Moral Behavior in Social Dilemmas.Daniel Patrick Balliet - unknown
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  83. Externalism and Knowledge of Comparative Content.Yoo Guan Tan - unknown
    Concepts are the constituents of thoughts, which in turn, are the contents of propositional attitudes. They are also what the predicates of our language express. According to a tradition going back to Plato, questions about comparative content – questions of the form Is concept F the same as concept G? – are purely about relations of ideas, and so are answerable a priori. This does not mean that no experience at all is necessary to answer such questions, for experience may (...)
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  84. A Thomist Defense of the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Mark Nowacki - unknown
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  85. Social Virtues Within and Across Cultures: Against the Idea of University Rationality.Mark Nowacki - unknown
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  86. On the Philosophical Life: A Refutation of Cultural Theory's Impossibility Theorem.Mark Nowacki - unknown
    Cultural Theory is breathtaking in its comprehensiveness and in its simplicity. With regard to CT’s comprehensiveness, it is entirely characteristic that when the three authors of Cultural Theory get around to asking themselves “What does cultural theory leave out?”, their answer turns out to be a hearty “Not much!” In a single work, Michael Thompson manages to credit CT with shedding light on everything from environmental policies and Kondratiev waves, to Everest expeditions, the literary preferences of Benjamin Disraeli, and Aristotle’s (...)
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  87. Sex Differences in Cooperation: A Meta-analytic Review of Social Dilemmas.Daniel Balliet, Norman P. Li, Shane J. Macfarlan & Mark van Vugt - unknown
    Although it is commonly believed that women are kinder and more cooperative than men, there is conflicting evidence for this assertion. Current theories of sex differences in social behavior suggest that it may be useful to examine in what situations men and women are likely to differ in cooperation. Here, we derive predictions from both sociocultural and evolutionary perspectives on context-specific sex differences in cooperation, and we conduct a unique meta-analytic study of 272 effect sizes—sampled across 50 years of research—on (...)
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  88. Sociology as a Serious Source of Anomaly in Thomas Kuhn's System of Science.Struan Jacobs & T. Brian Mooney - unknown
    It is a testimony to the enduring importance of Thomas Kuhn's The Structure of Scientific Revolutions that, 30 years on, its doctrines of normal science and paradigm, incommensurability and revolution continue to challenge metascien tists and stimulate vigorous debate. Critique has mainly come from philosophers and historians; by and large, interested sociologists have embraced Kuhn. Un justifiably so, this article argues, bringing to light a serious difficulty or anom aly in his account of the social side of science. Contrary to (...)
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  89. An Introduction to Historical Epistemology [book review]. [REVIEW]John N. Williams - 1996 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 74 (1):312-314.
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