OAI Archive: Scholarship@Claremont

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Scholarship@Claremont"

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  1. Book Review: What is a Mathematical Concept? Edited by Elizabeth de Freitas, Nathalie Sinclair, and Alf Coles.Brendan P. Larvor - 2019 - Journal of Humanistic Mathematics 9 (2):309-322.
    This is a review of What is a Mathematical Concept? edited by Elizabeth de Freitas, Nathalie Sinclair, and Alf Coles. In this collection of sixteen chapters, philosophers, educationalists, historians of mathematics, a cognitive scientist, and a mathematician consider, problematise, historicise, contextualise, and destabilise the terms ‘mathematical’ and ‘concept’. The contributors come from many disciplines, but the editors are all in mathematics education, which gives the whole volume a disciplinary centre of gravity. The editors set out to explore and reclaim the (...)
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  2. From Self-Doubt To Inner Peace: An Ethnographic Narrative.Dakota Fabro - unknown
    In the midst of honing my craft as an educator, this ethnographic narrative was done for the purposes of taking an introspective look at the many moving parts of becoming an effective educator as well as developing an ethnographic view of the students who will pass through my classroom during my tenure as an educator. This ethnographic narrative examines my individual background, the educational spaces within which I find myself, communities I serve, and the students I was given the privilege (...)
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  3. Maths Living in Social Arenas, From Practice to Foundations.Nigel Vinckier - 2019 - Journal of Humanistic Mathematics 9 (2):301-308.
    Maths comes to life in human interaction. This has consequences for the mathematics itself. This paper discusses how this ``coming to life'' of mathematics in different social arenas influences the foundations of maths. We will argue that this influence is profound, to the extent that it is hard to upkeep the idea that there is or should be one foundation on which all mathematics can be built.
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  4. Book Review: Experiencing Mathematics: What Do We Do, When We Do Mathematics?Gizem Karaali - 2015 - Mathematical Association of America.
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  5. The Situatedness of Mathematics in Motherhood and Academia.Jennifer Schenk Sacco & Jill Shahverdian - 2018 - Journal of Humanistic Mathematics 8 (2):5-20.
    The authors, a mathematician and a political scientist, examine mathematics, motherhood, and academia, and argue that feminist epistemology is necessary to explain the intersection. Relying on the principles of feminist epistemology laid out by philosophers Naomi Scheman and Marianne Janack, the authors consider how work, the concept of time, teaching, arts and crafts, and decision-making all reveal the situatedness of knowing and using mathematics.
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  6. Epistemic Injustice and Communities of Resistance.Alexia Lipman - unknown
    Epistemic injustice is a relatively new philosophical term for a rather old phenomenon. A situation is said to be epistemically unjust when someone is wronged in his capacity to possess or convey knowledge. While anyone can be the victim of a testimonial injustice, the epistemic injustice that occurs in an exchange of testimony, people with marginalized identities systematically suffer from this kind of injustice. By relying on negative identity prejudices, a person in a position of power consciously or subconsciously undermines (...)
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  7. In the Mind of the Machine.Marcia Yang - unknown
    As technology becomes more sophisticated, it becomes increasingly important to understand how we should ethically use technology. One question within this area of study is whether we should treat certain types of technology, like artificial intelligence, with more respect. If we do owe these machines some sort of moral status, another question is what level of moral status they have. In order to answer these questions, I argue that machines can be considered as minds under the view of machine functionalism. (...)
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  8. Applying Psychological Theories of Personality, Identity, and Intergroup Conflict to Radical Violence: A Case Study of Extremist Behavior.Sydney Flynn - unknown
    This paper aims to address possible psychoanalytical explanations for the heinous acts in which terrorists, particularly ISIS, engage. It focuses on Harold D. Lasswell’s principles of the id, ego, and superego as well as Tajfel and Turner’s social identity theory. Within the framework of these two theories, relevant psychological and social psychological theories are discussed in order to explore a possible connection between the psyche of violent perpetrators and their actions. By exploring these connections, I find that there may be (...)
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  9. Resisting Addiction as Irresistible Compulsion.Francesco O'Brien - unknown
    The word ‘addiction’ has been receding from official vocabularies, replaced most often by ‘substance abuse’. Despite this, the term remains common in colloquial speech and has increasingly spread to describe excessive consumption not only of substances but of the Internet, clothing, and slot machines, to name just a few. What do we mean when we speak of addiction? Most often it is invoked as a defense against accountability, a fact at odds with the massive resources devoted to the criminalization of (...)
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  10. The Smith-Inspired Interpenetrating Spheres of Association Model: An Analysis of the Shortcomings of Rationality as Self-Interest for Women’s Double Binds in the Workplace.Isabella Lombardo Romeo - unknown
    Under what is arguably the single most dominant approach in modern economic theory, to act rationally is to act in accordance with one’s self-interest, and it is only “rationality as self-interest” that explains behavior in the market sphere. Many economists attribute this idea to Adam Smith, often referred to as the “father of economics.” Yet, in his The Theory of Moral Sentiments, Smith expands the notion of rationality to reasonableness, or the standards one has reason to value and act on, (...)
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  11. A Study of Hutcheson’s and Hume’s Theories of Aesthetic Taste.Weining Gao - unknown
    This thesis examines the aesthetic theories by Francis Hutcheson and David Hume, two of the most influential philosophers of the eighteenth century. Focused on the interpretation of both theories, it concentrates on the issue of human taste, in particular, aesthetic taste, including questions concerning people’s external sense and internal sense, what the differences are between better taste and worse taste, how people possible improve taste by practice, examples, customs, education, and the like. It concludes with a criticism on both philosophers’ (...)
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  12. On Black Anger: An Analytic-Philosophical Response to the Problem of Social Value.Christopher Humphreys - unknown
    The fact of racial injustice in the US presents the difficult question of which emotional responses are appropriate to the perpetration of that injustice. Given that our answer must be informed by the nature of the injustice, this paper takes up Christopher Lebron’s diagnosis of the persistence of racial injustice against blacks in the US as a problem of social value in order to analyze a candidate response on the part of black americans. If Lebron’s theory accurately describes the problem, (...)
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  13. Not Set in Stone: Mikhail Pletnev's Rewrite of Scriabin's Piano Concerto.Anatole Leikin - 2017 - Performance Practice Review 22 (1).
    Not Set in Stone: Mikhail Pletnev’s Rewrite of Scriabin’s Piano Concerto Scriabin’s Piano Concerto in F-sharp minor, Op. 20, was initially met with harsh criticisms. Then, in 1899, the critics’ and the public’s reaction suddenly changed from disparaging to admiring. Subsequently, Scriabin’s performances of the Concerto continued to consistently gather highest accolades throughout Russia, Western Europe, and the U.S. The only credible explanation for such a remarkable metamorphosis is that Scriabin somehow modified the piano part in his performances. No written (...)
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  14. Mathematicians Versus Philosophers in Recent Work on Mathematical Beauty.Blåsjö Viktor - 2018 - Journal of Humanistic Mathematics 8 (1):414-431.
    Recent attempts at defining mathematical beauty fall roughly into two schools of thought. One takes its starting point in the subjective experience of the mathematician and characterises mathematical beauty in cognitive terms. The other seeks to reduce beauty to objective notions such as truth, symmetry, or simplicity. This second approach is popular among analytic philosophers, who are committed to seeing mathematics and science as prototypically rational enterprises. I criticise this stance on the grounds that this commitment makes its supporters approach (...)
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  15. The Mall Ain’T Dead Yet! An Aristotelian Argument for the Continuation of Physical Retail Space with the Rise of Modern Technology.Gilbreth Tarah - unknown
    According to Aristotle, for a human being to live their best life, that is a life that flourishes, is to live a political life. A political life is lived best in a polis, or a self - sufficient community, so therefore, the most flourishing human life is one lived in a polis. Also, for a polis to be self - sufficient, its citizens must be flourishing, so there exists a special sort of constitutive relationship between the polis and its citizens. (...)
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  16. Dilemmas From Disagreement.Reed Andrew - unknown
    When interpretations vary for the same set of evidence, what should be done? Options include just agreeing to disagree, maintaining one’s initial beliefs, or going all the way to completely suspending judgment. Taking this final option binds an agent to some interesting views, including an acceptance of epistemic dilemmas. However, the kind of total skepticism some philosophers want out of disagreement is probably a pipe dream – if there is no best option, no option can be eliminated.
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  17. Cartesian Dualism and the Feminist Challenge.Dziewulski Klaudia - unknown
    This paper explores whether Cartesian dualism prioritizes the masculine over the feminine. Feminist authors have argued that due to the prioritization of the mind over the body in Cartesian dualism and the association of the masculine with the mind and the association of the feminine with the body, the masculine is prioritized. This paper analyzes both this prioritization of the mind over the body and the association of the masculine with the mind and the feminine with the body.
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  18. Dissecting The Grandfather Paradox.Jawa Ishan - unknown
    In his paper, The Paradoxes of Time Travel, David Lewis posits a defense for the possibility of time travel by arguing that the grandfather 'paradox' is not, in fact, paradoxical at all. Two alternative solutions to the grandfather paradox are discussed in this paper. The first is a result of Paul Horwich’s reply to Lewis and aims to pit the Lewisian conception of compatibility against Horwich’s improbability defense. Proposed by Nicholas Smith and C.G. Goddu, this theory explains that any attempt (...)
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  19. Kierkegaard’s Solution to the Problem of Nihilism: Inwardness and The Paradox of Faith.Fox Devon - unknown
    The study of history and philosophy reveals that there have been as many systems of morality as there have been distinct civilizations, and that doubts about morality are inevitable. From growing apathy towards political life to increasing cultural acceptance and toleration of what might be considered immorality in every aspect of society, in today’s modern world it is difficult not to notice these doubts creeping into our way of life. This vacuum of values and tendency towards a weariness and indifference (...)
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  20. Kierkegaard's Nihilistic Leveling and the Internet.Sheets Andrew - unknown
    In the 1840s, Søren Kierkegaard argued that the creation of impersonal media through the newspaper would level down human possibilities by turning every action into a spectacle for publicity. Nearly 200 years later, with smartphones whipped out to capture the most meaningful and trivial events as soon as they begin, we can ask the question—was Kierkegaard right to be worried? This essay will construct a Kierkegaardian analytic argument that our society has been leveled derived from Kierkegaard’s views as expressed in (...)
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  21. Owning Our Implicit Attitudes: Responsibility, Resentment, and the Whole Self.Whitaker Wesley - unknown
    Are implicit biases something we can rightly be held responsible for, and if so, how? A variety of social and cognitive psychological studies have documented the existence of wide-ranging implicit biases for over 30 years. These implicit biases can best be described as negative mental attitudes that operate immediately and unconsciously in response to specific stimuli. The first chapter of this thesis surveys the psychological literature, as well as presents findings of real-world experiments into racial biases. I then present the (...)
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  22. Education as Democratic Persuasion: Addressing Systemic Inequalities in Brettschneider's Value Democracy.Kyla L. Eastling - unknown
    In Corey Brettschneider’s book, Democratic Rights: The Substance of Self- Government, he builds the value theory of democracy wherein procedural and substantive rights are both grounded in the core values of democracy. In his second book, When the State Speaks, What Should It Say? How Democracies Can Protect Expression and Promote Equality, Brettschneider elaborates on his theory to provide an account of how a liberal democracy can address hateful and discriminatory views. In response to both theories, critics have charged that (...)
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  23. Elements of Art.Mike Doyle - 2017 - STEAM Journal 3 (1).
    Through these paintings and my writing I share how elements of art and science overlap in the strokes of paint that create the perceptions of something familiar in our minds.
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  24. Platonism and All That….Robert P. Burn - unknown
  25. Letter About Philosophia Mathematica.Robert Thomas - unknown
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  26. The Humanistic Aspects of Mathematics and Their Importance.Philip J. Davis - unknown
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  27. What Has Mathematics Got to Do with Values?Stephen Lerman - unknown
  28. Toward a Definition of 'Humanistic Mathematics'.Sherman Stein - unknown
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  29. Mathematics and Philosophy.D. Bushaw - unknown
  30. Persona Criticism and the Death of the Author.Cheryl Walker - unknown
    The difficulty with doing biographical criticism today is that the figure of the author has increasingly come under attack, almost as if the author's portrait, which at one time routinely accompanied critical works, were being atomized, dissolved in an acid bath of scorn and distrust. Though "death of the author" critics have made a number of important points about the rigidity and naiveté of certain earlier forms of biographical criticism, I find that in my own practice I am loath to (...)
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  31. Know Yourself and You Will Be Known: The Gospel of Thomas and Middle Platonism.Seth A. Clark - unknown
    The Gospel of Thomas is a collection of 114 sayings attributed to Jesus and is primarily composed of rhetorical statements that were used to preserve the teachings of itinerant Greek philosophers. These collections were used to persuade individuals to join the philosophical schools represented, much like the early followers of the Jesus movement would use his teachings to convince others to join them as well. However, the theological background for the text is still debated because it contains esoteric and enigmatic (...)
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  32. Sensing Feminist Epistemology: A Formal and Material Analysis.Jing Gu - unknown
    In this project I outline the current discourse within feminist epistemology and elucidated its limitations of feminist epistemology particularly its lack of formal attention to the modes of theorization and, in complementarity, the generative potential of an analysis foregrounding materiality. The first chapter explores the theories that constitute the field of study and the relationships between both feminist empiricism and standpoint theory illuminate the conceptual concerns of feminist epistemology. Building from this, I present an analysis that examines the rhetorical and (...)
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  33. Sari Not Sorry: A Discussion on Whether or Not Gulabi Gang's Feminist Vigilantism is Necessary in a Welfare State.Namrata Mohan - unknown
    The Gulabi Gang is a feminist vigilante based in northern India. They are known as a group that uses physical violence to fight systems of oppressive power. The idea of a Gulabi Gang vigilante, interacting with the people and the state will be discussed, while incorporating John Locke’s social contract theory into the argument as a way to critique vigilantism, or as a basis of critique to then argue why the Gulabi Gang’s vigilantism is necessary. After both sides of argument (...)
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  34. Defending the Social Good Theory of Punishment.Sydney R. Scott - unknown
    This paper attempts to justify punishment on the grounds that it is a benefit to the person being punished. I accept the basic premise of a previous theory of punishment, the Moral Good Theory, which states that we cannot harm anyone. Thus, punishment can only be justified if it is not a harm. The MGT claims that punishment is beneficial in that it provides a moral education to the offender. I I reject the idea that punishment is morally educational and (...)
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  35. The Philosophy of Mathematics: A Study of Indispensability and Inconsistency.Hannah C. Thornhill - unknown
    This thesis examines possible philosophies to account for the practice of mathematics, exploring the metaphysical, ontological, and epistemological outcomes of each possible theory. Through a study of the two most probable ideas, mathematical platonism and fictionalism, I focus on the compelling argument for platonism given by an appeal to the sciences. The Indispensability Argument establishes the power of explanation seen in the relationship between mathematics and empirical science. Cases of this explanatory power illustrate how we might have reason to believe (...)
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  36. The Importance of Heidegger’s Question.Surya Sendyl - unknown
    In this thesis I present a strong and universally compelling case for the importance of Heidegger’s question, namely, the question of the meaning of being. I show how the being-question has been obscured and forgotten over the past two millennia of western philosophy. I attempt to raise this question again, and elucidate why it is an important one to examine, not only for philosophy as a discipline, but for any human endeavor. My aim is to reach those of you who (...)
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  37. The Numerous Forms of Occam’s Razor and Their Effect on Philosophy of Mind.Mikayla L. O'Neal - unknown
    In the first chapter of this paper I focus on the general overview of Occam's Razor, and develop several interpretations and adaptations of Occam's Razor as a principle of simplicity. In the second chapter I apply these different interpretations in the Physicalism/Dualism debate, and critically assess the validity of these implementations of Occam's Razor in philosophy of mind. In the final chapter I give an overview of my discussion thus far, and make assertions about what my paper means for the (...)
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  38. A Kantian Revision of the Doctrine of Double Effect.Andrew H. Chung - unknown
    In this paper, I will present a Kantian revision of the Doctrine of Double Effect. In order to do so, I will explain the concept of jus in bello – focusing in particular on the distinction between intent and foresight. I will then argue that we ought to take an agency-inspired look at the DDE. Finally, I will conclude by arguing for my thesis that Boyle’s theory of agency, while good, needs to be revised in order to accommodate concerns stemming (...)
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  39. Nietzschean Ethics: One's Duty to Overcome.Emmanuel Hurtado - unknown
    In this paper, I will analyze Nietzsche’s argument for a moral error theory and examine the implications of his view. In order to arrive at the best possible interpretation I will heavily incorporate many passages from Nietzsche’s original works so that I can delve into a textual analysis of Nietzsche. Because Nietzsche is notoriously vague at times and often contradictory, I recognize that this is far from the only appropriate interpretation. However, I hope that it is one which has at (...)
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  40. Armed Drones: An Age Old Problem Exacerbated by New Technology.Grant H. Frazier - unknown
    The purpose of this thesis is to examine the history behind and the use of militarized drones in modern day conflicts, and to conclude whether the use of these machines, with special attention to the United States, is legal, ethical, and morally defensible. In achieving the aforementioned goals, shortcomings of current policy surrounding drone warfare will be highlighted, acting as the catalyst for a proposal for changes to be made to better suit legal, ethical, and moral considerations. The proposal of (...)
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  41. Glossaries of Philosophical Terms.Richard D. McKirahan - unknown
    This collection of glossaries is intended to assist two groups of people: 1) speakers of Modern Greek who need to read and translate works of philosophy written in English or to write philosophical works in English, and 2) speakers of English who need to to read and translate works of philosophy written in Modern Greek or to write philosophical works in Modern Greek. It gives standard and otherwise acceptable translations of over 2000 philosophical terms, but not their meanings. The current (...)
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  42. Adversus Mathematicos.Christopher Norris - unknown
    A poem about relationship between mathematics and the human experience of time.
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  43. Mathematical Proofs: The Beautiful and The Explanatory.Marcus Giaquinto - unknown
    Mathematicians sometimes judge a mathematical proof to be beautiful and in doing so seem to be making a judgement of the same kind as aesthetic judgements of works of visual art, music or literature. Mathematical proofs are also appraised for explanatoriness: some proofs merely establish their conclusions as true, while others also show why their conclusions are true. This paper will focus on the prima facie plausible assumption that, for mathematical proofs, beauty and explanatoriness tend to go together. To make (...)
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  44. Wabi-Sabi Mathematics.Jean-Francois Maheux - unknown
    Mathematics and aesthetics have a long history in common. In this relation however, the aesthetic dimension of mathematics largely refers to concepts such as purity, absoluteness, symmetry, and so on. In stark contrast to such a nexus of ideas, the Japanese aesthetic of wabi-sabi values imperfections, temporality, incompleteness, earthly crudeness, and even contradiction. In this paper, I discuss the possibilities of “wabi-sabi mathematics” by showing how wabi-sabi mathematics is conceivable; how wabi-sabi mathematics is observable; and why we should bother about (...)
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  45. Explanatory Proofs and Beautiful Proofs.Marc Lange - unknown
    This paper concerns the relation between a proof’s beauty and its explanatory power – that is, its capacity to go beyond proving a given theorem to explaining why that theorem holds. Explanatory power and beauty are among the many virtues that mathematicians value and seek in various proofs, and it is important to come to a better understanding of the relations among these virtues. Mathematical practice has long recognized that certain proofs but not others have explanatory power, and this paper (...)
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  46. The Other Side of the Glass Ceiling: For Females, Climbing the Corporate Ladder is Only Half the Battle.Kate B. Restaino - unknown
    Agentic women continue to be penalized for success in male-dominated industries, resulting in gender discrimination and differing opportunity structures. The purpose of the proposed study is to see how an employee’s gender and status in male-dominated corporate settings influence participants’ perceptions of competency, liking, and consequences after the employee makes a mistake. These dependent variables will also be examined in relationship to participants’ level of sexism. Approximately 132 participants will be recruited from high technology companies, and will read a vignette (...)
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  47. What Would Your Parents Say?!: A Cross-Cultural and Personality Study.Kinza Jamal - unknown
    Culture is what influences us and shapes us into who we are and what we become later on in life, this study runs with this concept. This study includes three groups of participants: 60 Subcontinental adolescents, 60 Asian-American adolescents,60 European-American adolescents.The ages of these adolescents range from 17-23 years of age. The participants are asked to fill out measures pertaining to anxiety/depression, self identity, acculturation and a questionnaire at the end that asks about future marital plans. The studies hypotheses are (...)
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  48. Understanding the Relationship Between Parenting Styles and Childhood Anxiety.Jacob B. Bishop - unknown
    Humans like to think of history as progress, however, if progress is measured in the mental health of young people, as a nation, the United States has been going backwards quickly since the 1980’s. The evolution of parenting best practices through the 1980’s up until the last decade overlaps with a dramatic rise in anxiety rates among American children. These overlapping trends—the rise of the overinvolved parent and the rise of childhood anxiety—suggest the new paradigm of parenting styles play a (...)
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  49. Different Person? Nta Kibazo: An Analysis of Trauma and Personal Identity.Lauren M. Kelley - unknown
    After a person has experienced significant trauma they may reasonably claim, “I am a different person now.” This paper explores how the case of the trauma victim seems to present a challenge for metaphysical theories for identity, and whether we need a different, or additional, philosophical framework to properly evaluate it. To address this issue, the paper considers accounts from victims of the Genocide Against the Tutsi in Rwanda. This thesis argues that we not only require an additional apparatus to (...)
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  50. Transformative Experience: Are Real-World Experiences as Transformative as We Think?Janelle Shiozaki - unknown
    This thesis analyzes L.A. Paul’s concept of transformative experience. It specifically analyzes Paul’s criteria for transformative experiences, which are experiences that are so epistemically and personally transformative that an agent can’t know what it’s like to have a TE until having the experience itself. Paul argues that the transformative nature of these experiences prevent us from being able to make a rational choice using our normative way of decision-making. According to Paul, this is especially problematic because some of life’s biggest (...)
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  51. Practical Paradise: Ethics for a Modern Age.Anthony P. Davanzo - unknown
    This play demonstrates an interpretation of Nietzsche's philosophy in practice. The main character experiences loss and confusion, however, through this struggle arrives at a discovery of profound truth. If you've ever wondered how to live your life in the best way possible, the main character believes he's found the answer.
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  52. The Cognitive Implications of Aristotelian Habituation and Intrinsic Valuation.David F. McCaslin - unknown
    Habituation in the Aristotelian tradition claims that we develop our moral virtues through repeated and guided practice in moral actions. His theory provides important insights for moral education and as a result many contemporary philosophers have debated how to properly interpret his writing. This thesis will explore Aristotelian habituation and the competing interpretations surrounding it, namely the cognitivist and mechanical views. It will then criticize the mechanical view and argue that the intrinsic valuation of virtuous actions evidences a cognitivist interpretation (...)
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  53. A Preference for Freedom: Kantian Implications for an Incompatibilist Will and Practical Accountability.Maggie Miller - unknown
    This thesis aims to provide a coherent account of free will and practical grounds to prefer it. Its goal is to develop a pragmatic understanding of agency by which to hold individuals morally accountable. The paper begins with a critique of P.F. Strawson, whose seminal paper “Freedom and Resentment” bypasses the question of free will altogether in its claims about morality. Subsequently, it proceeds to a defense of incompatibilism that traces an argument through the existing literature. From this position, it (...)
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  54. Manipulation That Matters: The Manipulation Debate Considered.Samuel C. Nordstrom - unknown
    In this paper I examine the contemporary debate over Derk Pereboom’s Manipulation Argument for the incompatibility of free will and determinism. After considering the argument in its entirety, I entertain a Hard-Line compatibilist reply given by Michael McKenna, based on an improved reworking of Pereboom’s cases. In evaluating McKenna’s reply I begin with several objections raised by Ishiyaque Haji and Stephan Cuypers before arguing that the reworking of cases is unsuccessful due to a lack of freedom-undermining manipulation. I redefine the (...)
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  55. A Philosophically Appealing Nietzschean Theory of Value.Gustavo Pires de Oliveira Dias - unknown
    This thesis is an attempt to bring forth a novel and philosophically appealing reading of Nietzsche, especially as it pertains to his theory of value. I define philosophically appealing as the view with the least amount of inconsistencies that still reaches a simple and logical conclusion. I explore questions regarding Nietzsche’s nihilism, his normative and metaphysical claims, as well as his view on human nature. I aim to satisfy sophisticated readers by investigating complex philosophical issues related to my interpretation of (...)
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  56. Population Ethics: A Metaethical Comparison.Clay W. Spence - unknown
    In this thesis I establish a hitherto unseen parallel between John Rawls’ theory of justice and utilitarian accounts with respect to population ethics; I argue that the absurd conclusions which plague utilitarianism also plague Rawls’ theory. These are the repugnant and preposterous conclusions. I then argue that Kant's political philosophy offers the resources to escape these absurd conclusions because of a crucial metaphysical difference between theories governed by outcome-oriented considerations and those governed by freedom-oriented constraints.
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  57. Schaffer and Monism: Validating the Priority of the Whole.Phillip A. V. Pennell - unknown
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  58. Mary’s Dilemma: A Novel Take On Jackson’s Famous Thought Experiment.Noah O. Abolafia-Rosenzweig - unknown
    This paper explores and evaluates the famous Mary case put forward by Frank Jackson in support of what he calls the knowledge argument against physicalism. After laying out Jackson’s position, I set out to determine whether certain previous physicalist attempts at undermining it have been successful. Finding that they have not, I use their shortcomings to inform the construction of a new position, one which I argue renders the Mary case at odds with itself and frees physicalism from the knowledge (...)
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  59. Reducing Subjectivity: Meditation and Implicit Bias.Diana M. Ciuca - unknown
    Implicit association of racial stereotypes is brought about by social conditioning. This conditioning can be explained by attractor networks. Reducing implicit bias through meditation can show the effectiveness of reducing the rigidity of attractor networks, thereby reducing subjectivity. Mindfulness meditation has shown to reduce bias from the use of one single guided session conducted before performing an Implicit Association Test. Attachment to socially conditioned racial bias should become less prevalent through practicing meditation over time. An experimental model is proposed to (...)
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  60. Pigs Feet.Jesse W. Standlea - unknown
    My sculpture “Pigs Feet” has literal foundations upon casts of live pig’s feet. I locally sourced the pig’s feet before casting them. My sculpture makes use of a once cutting edge casting technology, alginate. Alginate molds were once the standard in dentistry. Alginate is an appealing casting material as it is refined from brown seaweeds, is both food and skin safe, it is suitable for educators, for artists and engineers alike.
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  61. Alexandria in the Shadow of the Hill Cumorah: A Comparative Historical Theology of the Early Christian and Mormon Doctrines of God.Gordon A. Carle - unknown
    This work is a comparative study of the theological and historical development of the early Christian and Mormon doctrines of God. For the Christian tradition, I follow a detailed study of the apostolic period, followed by the apologetical period, and then conclude with the pre-Nicene up to around 250 C.E. For the Mormon tradition, I cover the period beginning with the establishment of the Mormon Church in 1830 and conclude with its official doctrinal formulation in 1916. I begin this work (...)
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  62. Of Proofs, Mathematicians, and Computers.Astrik Yepremyan - unknown
    As computers become a more prevalent commodity in mathematical research and mathematical proof, the question of whether or not a computer assisted proof can be considered a mathematical proof has become an ongoing topic of discussion in the mathematics community. The use of the computer in mathematical research leads to several implications about mathematics in the present day including the notion that mathematical proof can be based on empirical evidence, and that some mathematical conclusions can be achieved a posteriori instead (...)
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  63. Minds, Brains, and Animals, Oh My! An Examination of Parfitian Personal Identity Through Cartesian Dualism.Alexandra Ronco - unknown
    A particularly intriguing aspect of personal identity is the staying power of the first arguments. Many of the earliest arguments have remained influential to contemporary theories, even if they sometimes go unacknowledged. One of the most prominent of those long-lived theories comes from Descartes. In this paper I establish the intellectual background, framework, and implications of Cartesian dualism. With this theory in mind I examine Derek Parfit’s We Are Not Human Beings. Despite his denial dualism’s relevance, Parfit’s argument for personal (...)
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  64. Making History: How Art Museums in the French Revolution Crafted a National Identity, 1789-1799.Anna E. Sido - unknown
    This paper compares two art museums, both created during the French Revolution, that fostered national unity by promoting a cultural identity. By analyzing the use of preexisting architecture from the ancien régime, innovative displays of art and redefinitions of the museum visitor as an Enlightened citizen, this thesis explores the application of eighteenth-century philosophy to the formation of two museums. The first is the Musée Central des Arts in the Louvre and the second is the Musée des Monuments Français, both (...)
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  65. Who Says What the Law Is: How Barack Obama’s Legal Philosophy is Reflected by His Judicial Appointees.Colin J. Spence - unknown
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  66. "A Village Can't Be Built in a Jail" Carceral Humanism and Ethics of Care in Gender Responsive Incarceration.Claire E. Hirschberg - unknown
    This thesis is built on the knowledge and experience I learned working with CURB and as a member of L.A. No More Jail, particularly in the ongoing fight against the Mira Loma gender responsive “Women’s Village” Jail expansion, which is part of a larger jail building boom on going in California right now. I write this thesis to engage in the reimagining of justice that abolitionist community organizers, formerly and currently incarcerated people and others who work to challenge the prison (...)
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  67. Wittgenstein and Certainty.Mengqi Pan - unknown
    This thesis discusses the idea of certainty in Wittgenstein's On Certainty and various interpretations of this text. Many deny a relativist reading of Wittgenstein because they think such reading fails to achieve Wittgenstein's goal, which is refuting skepticism. This thesis suggests the possibility of maintaining the certainty of our notion of truth while at the same time being open to the metaphysical possibility of relativism.
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  68. Derrida's Objection To The Metaphysical Tradition.Christopher A. Wheat - unknown
    Derrida’s deconstruction of the philosophic tradition shows us not only the importance of pursuit of knowledge, but also the importance of questioning the assumptions on which such a pursuit is based. He argues that the metaphysical tradition is built from the privileging of the logos over it’s opposite, and while Derrida does not object to the societal results of such a privileging, he questions why we allow ourselves to make such an assumption in the investigation of the origin event, and (...)
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  69. Moral Relativism: Can One Community Give Another a Reason to Change?Matthew A. Crawford - unknown
    This paper examines the popular philosophical theory of moral relativism. Traditionally, the theory argues that communities have their own conceptual frameworks of morality that are inaccessible to those outside of the community. Thus, one community cannot give another community a moral reason to change a practice. In this paper, I will examine David Velleman’s version of the theory presented in his book Foundations for Moral Relativism. This version posits that the drive towards mutual interpretability is a universal drive among human (...)
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  70. The Procedural Aspect of the Rule of Law: India as a Case Study for Distinguishing Concept From Conception.Karina T. Hwang - unknown
    In this thesis, the concept of the procedural aspect of the Rule of Law will be distinguished from what I argue are conceptions that are falsely promulgated as concept. The different aspects of the Rule of Law—form, substance, and procedure— are helpful in making the distinction between concept and conception. Examining procedure within the Rule of Law is particularly important, and I define a broader set of requirements of the concept of the procedural aspect of the Rule of Law. This (...)
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  71. Suspicious Minds: An Analysis of Insanity and Legal Accountability in American Criminal Law.Jessica O. Laird - unknown
    This thesis focuses on the treatment of insanity in the criminal law and its implications for the concepts and mechanisms of legal accountability. In order to address this issue, I examined the historical background of the insanity defense and five specific cases that demonstrate the complications arising from insanity’s present legal condition. From this case study I drew the conclusion that, because liability to punishment requires particular internal conditions, criminal responsibility is the proper measure of legal accountability for insane persons. (...)
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  72. Retributive Theory’s Restorative Corollary.Nadeem U. Farooqi - unknown
    According to retributivism, what justifies punishment is a wrongdoer's desert. Critics argue that retributivists fail to provide sufficient justification for punishment. Herbert Morris offers the type of justification critics demand, providing an account of punishment that: 1) values autonomy, and 2) appeals to the principle of fairness. Punishment, in this account, restores equilibrium of benefits and burdens with respect to autonomy. Since punishment largely ignores the autonomy of the victim, however, punishment alone seems unable to ensure justice. In order to (...)
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  73. Exploring How J. David Velleman’s Theory of Mutual Interpretability Affects Our Personal Identity and Self-Understanding.Felipe A. Z. Peterson - unknown
    How do we understand ourselves? How do we relate with others? How do we build communities? These are some questions David Velleman’s theory of mutual interpretability appears to answer. In Foundations For Moral Relativism, Velleman argues that self-understanding is interlinked with one’s ability to understand others; in other words, with one’s ability to be mutually interpretable. However, being mutually interpretable requires that a person share some set of beliefs or a perceptional framework with another person that would allow the two (...)
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  74. Collections Containing Articles on Presocratic Philosophy.Richard D. McKirahan - unknown
    This catalogue is divided into two parts. Part 1 presents basic bibliographical information on books and journal issues that consist exclusively or in large part in papers devoted to the Presocratics and the Sophists. Part 2 lists the papers on Presocratic and Sophistic topics found in the volumes, providing name of author, title, and page numbers, and in the case of reprinted papers, the year of original publication. In some cases Part 2 lists the complete contents of volumes, not only (...)
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  75. Cutting Out Worry: Popularizing Psychosurgery in America.Antonietta Louise Iannaccone - unknown
    We think of the lobotomy as utterly primitive and brutal; we shudder at the idea of it. The archetypal image of creepiness, violence, and unnecessary brutality was expressed in the book and movie One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest. This procedure weighs heavy on America’s conscience but in 1945 the procedure was characterized as being as gentle as ‘cutting through butter’ and the therapeutic effect was described as ‘cutting out worry’. How did the lobotomy gain such widespread acceptance? One part (...)
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  76. Fair Equality of Opportunity: Reconceiving Affirmative Action Through a Rawlsian Lens.Janelle Garcelon - unknown
    This paper examines common and past applications of affirmative action, including arguments for and against the application; presents John Rawls’ theory of justice, and proposes a framework using Rawls’ theory for future applications of affirmative action. The proposal relieves heavily on the principle of fair equality of opportunity, both as an indicator for when using affirmative action is appropriate as well as a tool to help identify the people that affirmative action programs should target. Using this framework, the public education (...)
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  77. The Babylon Complex: Theopolitical Fantasies of War, Sex and Sovereignty.Erin M. Runions - unknown
    Babylon is a surprisingly multivalent symbol in U.S. culture and politics. Political citations of Babylon range widely, from torture at Abu Ghraib to depictions of Hollywood glamour and decadence. In political discourse, Babylon appears in conservative ruminations on democratic law, liberal appeals to unity, Tea Party warnings about equality, and religious advocacy for family values. A composite biblical figure, Babylon is used to celebrate diversity and also to condemn it, to sell sexuality and to regulate it, to galvanize war and (...)
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  78. Objectivity and the Role of Journalism in Democratic Societies.Tyler Sonnemaker - unknown
    In this essay, I argue that the institution of journalism plays a vital role in informing citizens of a deliberative democratic society, and that to effectively fulfill this role, journalists must report the news objectively. I first examine the historical evolution of objectivity as it pertains to journalism. Then, I elaborate on some of the philosophical concepts that provide the foundation for objectivity. Next, I introduce John Rawls’ idea of public reason, which provides an improved understanding of the role of (...)
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