1.  47
    Arguments for Liberty: A Libertarian Miscellany.J. C. Lester - [2011] 2016 - Buckingham: The University of Buckingham Press.
    Liberty is what libertarians advocate. Both because of the inherent value of human liberty and because of the increasing wealth and welfare it brings to all. They see the aggressive coercion of the state as the main enemy of liberty. The solution is to roll back the state until there is little or no state left. Libertarianism has been rapidly growing since the 1970s. But it is still not commonly understood or even given a proper hearing. However, you will increasingly (...)
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  2.  15
    Escape From Leviathan: Libertarianism Without Justificationism: Rationality, Liberty, Welfare, and Anarchy Reconciled.J. C. Lester - [2000] 2012 - Buckngham: The Uiversity of Buckingham Press.
    The most relevant and plausible conceptions of economic rationality, interpersonal liberty, human welfare, and private-property anarchy do not conflict in theory or practice. Using philosophy and social science, Escape from Leviathan defends this bold, non-normative, thesis from contrary positions in the scholarly literature. Writers considered include David Friedman, John Gray, R. M. Hare, Robert Nozick, Karl Popper, John Rawls, Murray Rothbard, Alan Ryan, Amartya Sen, and Bernard Williams. *** The rationality assumptions of neoclassical and Austrian School economics are reconciled and (...)
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  3.  21
    Visual Trope and the Portland Vase Frieze: A New Reading and Exegesis.Randall L. Skalsky - Winter 1992 - Arion 2 (1).
    Among the extant masterworks of Roman art, there is probably none that has generated more scholarly debate than the Portland Vase over the interpretation of its elegant frieze. No fewer than forty-four different theories attempting to interpret the scenes on the vase have appeared in the last 400 years. In the main, the theories fall into two categories, those relating the frieze to Greek myth, and those linking the figures to Roman personages. Moreover, there is no consensus whether the frieze (...)
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  4. Inequality Comparisons When the Populations Differ in Size.R. Aboudi, D. Thon, S. Wallace, R. Aboudi, D. Thon & S. Wallace - manuscript
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  5. Promoting Disinterestedness or Making Use of Bias? Interests and Moral Obligation in Commercialized Research.Matthias Adam - manuscript
    In: M. Carrier, D. Howard & J. Kourany (eds), Science and the Social: Knowledge, Epistemic Demands, and Social Values, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press (im Erscheinen).
     
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  6. Fodor's Asymmetrical Causal Dependency Theory of Meaning.Frederick R. Adams - unknown
  7.  76
    Two Forms of the Straw Man.Robert Talisse with Scott Aikin - manuscript
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  8. Multiple Realization and Methodology in the Neurological and Psychological Sciences.Kenneth Aizawa & Carl Gillett - manuscript
    The reigning picture of special sciences, what we will term the ‘received’ view, grew out of the work of writers, such as Jerry Fodor, William Wimsatt, and Philip Kitcher, who overturned the Positivist’s jaundiced view of these disciplines by looking at real cases from the biological sciences, linguistics, psychology, and economics, amongst other areas.1 Central to the received view is the ontological claim that the ‘multiple realization’ of properties is widespread in the special sciences which we may frame thus.
     
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  9. Comparative Race, Comparative Racisms (2007).Linda Martin Alcoff - manuscript
  10. WCCFL Paper.Luis Alonso-Ovalle - manuscript
    Wednesday, October 10th in Research Alonso-Ovalle, Luis. 2007. Alternatives in the Disjunctive Antecedents Problem. Proceedings of the 26th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics. University of California, Berkeley.
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  11. For the Ubiquity.Peter Alward - manuscript
    Kania[1] has recently developed an argument which poses a serious challenge to the “ubiquity thesis†– the view that every literary narrative[2] necessarily has a fictional narrator.[3] Kania characterizes a fictional narrator as a (possibly non-human) agent who tells (or is responsible for) the narrative and who exists on “the same..
     
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  12. A Self-Help Guide for Autonomous Systems.Michael Anderson - manuscript
    When things go badly, we notice that something is amiss, figure out what went wrong and why, and attempt to repair the problem. Artificial systems depend on their human designers to program in responses to every eventuality and therefore typically don’t even notice when things go wrong, following their programming over the proverbial, and in some cases literal, cliff. This article describes our work on the Meta-Cognitive Loop, a domain-general approach to giving artificial systems the ability to notice, assess, and (...)
     
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  13. Evolution, Embodiment and the Nature of the Mind.Michael Anderson - manuscript
    In: B. Hardy-Vallee & N. Payette, eds. Beyond the brain: embodied, situated & distributed cognition. (Cambridge: Cambridge Scholar’s Press), in press. Abstract: In this article, I do three main things: 1. First, I introduce an approach to the mind motivated primarily by evolutionary considerations. I do that by laying out four principles for the study of the mind from an evolutionary perspective, and four predictions that they suggest. This evolutionary perspective is completely compatible with, although broader than, the embodied cognition (...)
     
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  14. Active Logic Semantics for a Single Agent in a Static World.Michael Anderson, Walid Gomaa, John Grant & Don Perlis - manuscript
    Artificial Intelligence, in press. Abstract: For some time we have been developing, and have had significant practical success with, a time-sensitive, contradiction-tolerant logical reasoning engine called the active logic machine (ALMA). The current paper details a semantics for a general version of the underlying logical formalism, active logic. Central to active logic are special rules controlling the inheritance of beliefs in general (and of beliefs about the current time in particular), very tight controls on what can be derived from direct (...)
     
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  15.  44
    Subjective Measures of Well-Being: A Philosophical Investigation.Erik Angner - manuscript
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  16.  36
    The Evolution of Eupathics: The Historical Roots of Subjective Measures of Well-Being.Erik Angner - manuscript
  17. The Measurement-Theoretic Argument Against Subjective Measures of Well-Being: A Philosophical Evaluation.Erik Angner - manuscript
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  18.  76
    Regulation of the Neural Circuitry of Emotion by Compassion Meditation: Effects of Meditative Expertise.Lutz Antoine, J. Brefczynski-Lewis, T. Johnstone & R. J. Davidson - manuscript
    PLoS ONE 3(3): e1897. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.
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  19.  40
    Mental Training Affects Distribution of Limited Brain Resources.Lutz Antoine, H. A. Slagter, L. L. Greischar, A. D. Francis, S. Nieuwenhuis, J. M. Davis & R. J. Davidson - manuscript
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  20. Neurophenomenology: An Introduction for Neurophilosophers in Cognition and the Brain : The Philosophy and Neuroscience Movement.Lutz Antoine, A. Thompson E., Lutz & D. Cosmelli - manuscript
  21.  68
    Epistemological Foundations for the Representation of Discourse Context.Horacio Arlo-Costa - manuscript
    forthcoming in Studies on Language and Information (CSLI), Stanford.
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  22. First Order Classical Modal Logic, Studia Logica, 84, 2, 171-210, 2006.Horacio Arlo-Costa & Eric Pacuit - manuscript
     
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  23.  96
    Conditional Probability and Defeasible Inference.Horacio Arlo-Costa & Rohit Parikh - manuscript
    Journal of Philosophical Logic 34, 97-119, 2005.
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  24. Future Generations: A Challenge for Moral Theory.Gustaf Arrhenius - manuscript
    FD-Diss., Uppsala: University Printers, 2000 (ix+225 pages).
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  25. Meritarian Axiologies and Distributive Justice.Gustaf Arrhenius - manuscript
    in . T. Rønnow-Rasmussen, B. Petersson, J. Josefsson & D. Egonsson (eds.) Hommage à Wlodek: Philosophical Papers Dedicated to Wlodek Rabinowicz, 2007.
     
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  26. The Boundary Problem in Democratic Theory.Gustaf Arrhenius - manuscript
     
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  27. The Moral Status of Potential People.Gustaf Arrhenius - manuscript
    It has been known for quite a while that traditional ethical theories have very counterintuitive and paradoxical implications for questions concerning procreation and our moral duties to future generations. Classical Utilitarianism, for example, seems to imply that we have a moral duty to procreate and that we should try to have as many off-springs as possible. More disturbingly, it implies Derek Parfit’s well-known Repugnant Conclusion.
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  28.  28
    Feigl and the Development of Analytic Philosophy at the University of Minnesota.Bruce Aune - manuscript
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  29. 60 Philosophical Papers Dedicated to Professor Wlodek Rabinowicz.Various Authors - manuscript
    Contributing Authors: Lilli Alanen & Frans Svensson, David Alm, Gustaf Arrhenius, Gunnar Björnsson, Luc Bovens, Richard Bradley, Geoffrey Brennan & Nicholas Southwood, John Broome, Linus Broström & Mats Johansson, Johan Brännmark, Krister Bykvist, John Cantwell, Erik Carlson, David Copp, Roger Crisp, Sven Danielsson, Dan Egonsson, Fred Feldman, Roger Fjellström, Marc Fleurbaey, Margaret Gilbert, Olav Gjelsvik, Kathrin Glüer & Peter Pagin, Ebba Gullberg & Sten Lindström, Peter Gärdenfors, Sven Ove Hansson, Jana Holsanova, Nils Holtug, Victoria Höög, Magnus Jiborn, Karsten Klint Jensen, (...)
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  30.  31
    A Decision Procedure for Linear “Big o” Equations.Jeremy Avigad - manuscript
    Let F be the set of functions from an infinite set, S, to an ordered ring, R.
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  31. A Language for Mathematical Knowledge Management.Jeremy Avigad, Steven Kieffer & Harvey Friedman - manuscript
    We argue that the language of Zermelo Fraenkel set theory with definitions and partial functions provides the most promising bedrock semantics for communicating and sharing mathematical knowledge. We then describe a syntactic sugaring of that language that provides a way of writing remarkably readable assertions without straying far from the set-theoretic semantics. We illustrate with some examples of formalized textbook definitions from elementary set theory and point-set topology. We also present statistics concerning the complexity of these definitions, under various complexity (...)
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  32.  25
    An Outline of Algebraic Set Theory.Steve Awody - manuscript
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  33. Heidegger's Silence: Towards a Post-Modern Topology.Babette Babich - manuscript
    in Charles Scott and Arleen Dallery, eds., Ethics and Danger: Currents in Continental Thought. Albany. State University of New York Press. 1992. Pp. 83-106.
     
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  34. Linguistic Universals and Particulars.Emmon Bach - manuscript
    Preconference version of paper for the 17th International Congress of Linguists in Prague, July, 2003.
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  35. Doubly-Filled Comps Are Not Doubly Filled Comps.Mark Baltin - manuscript
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  36. Deletion Versus Pro-Forms: A False Dichotomy?Mark Baltin - manuscript
     
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  37.  71
    Black and White Like Me.John Barresi - manuscript
    John Griffi n’s classic on racism, Black Like Me (1960), provides an interesting text with which to investigate the development of a dialogical self. Griffi n becomes a black man for only a short period of time, but during that time he develops a black social identity and sense of personal identity, that contrasts radically with his former white identity. When he looks into a mirror on several occasions he engages in a dialogue with himself, as both a black and (...)
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  38.  38
    The Origins of Autism: Commentary on “Autism as a Downstream Effect of Primary Difficulties in Intersubjectivity Going with Abnormal Development of Brain Connectivity” by Filippo Muratori and Sandra Maestro.John Barresi - manuscript
    International Journal for Dialogical Science, 2007, 2, 119-124.
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  39. Do Human Parents Face a Quantity-Quality Tradeoff? Evidence From a Shuar Community.H. Clark Barrett - manuscript
     
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  40. Evolved Cognitive Mechanisms and Human Behavior.H. Clark Barrett - manuscript
    In Crawford, C. & Krebs, D. (eds.) Foundations of evolutionary psychology: Ideas, issues, applications and findings. (2nd Ed.) Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum Associates.
     
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  41. Modularity and Design Reincarnation.H. Clark Barrett - manuscript
     
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  42. Perinatal Sadness Among Shuar Women: Support for an Evolutionary Theory of Psychic Pain.H. Clark Barrett & E. Hagen - manuscript
  43. Masking Disagreement Among Scientific Experts.John Beatty - manuscript
  44.  47
    Noesis: Philosophical Research Online: An Experiment in Progress.Anthony F. Beavers - manuscript
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  45. Mental Mechanisms: Philosophical Perspectives on the Sciences of Cognition and the Brain.William P. Bechtel - manuscript
    1. The Naturalistic Turn in Philosophy of Science 2. The Framework of Mechanistic Explanation: Parts, Operations, and Organization 3. Representing and Reasoning About Mechanisms 4. Mental Mechanisms: Mechanisms that Process Information 5. Discovering Mental Mechanisms 6 . Summary.
     
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  46. Mental Mechanisms, Autonomous Systems, and Moral Agency.William Bechtel & A. Abrahamsen - manuscript
    Mechanistic explanations of cognitive activities are ubiquitous in cognitive science. Humanist critics often object that mechanistic accounts of the mind are incapable of accounting for the moral agency exhibited by humans. We counter this objection by offering a sketch of how the mechanistic perspective can accommodate moral agency. We ground our argument in the requirement that biological systems be active in order to maintain themselves in nonequilibrium conditions. We discuss such consequences as a role for mental mechanisms in controlling active (...)
     
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  47. How Does the Good Appear to Us?James Beebe - manuscript
    This is a rough draft of a critical notice of Sergio Tenenbaum’s book, Appearances of the Good, for Social Theory and Practice.
     
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  48. Is Consciousness Embodied?James Beebe - manuscript
     
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  49.  75
    Agents in Branching Space-Times.Nuel Belnap - manuscript
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  50. From Newtonian Determinism to Branching-Space-Time Indeterminism.Nuel Belnap - manuscript
1 — 50 / 1698136