Results for 'Kenneth R. Foster'

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  1.  42
    Emerging Neurotechnologies for Lie-Detection: Promises and Perils.Paul Root Wolpe, Kenneth R. Foster & Daniel D. Langleben - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2):39-49.
    Detection of deception and confirmation of truth telling with conventional polygraphy raised a host of technical and ethical issues. Recently, newer methods of recording electromagnetic signals from the brain show promise in permitting the detection of deception or truth telling. Some are even being promoted as more accurate than conventional polygraphy. While the new technologies raise issues of personal privacy, acceptable forensic application, and other social issues, the focus of this paper is the technical limitations of the developing technology. Those (...)
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  2.  75
    Emerging Neurotechnologies for Lie-Detection: Promises and Perils.Daniel D. Langleben, Kenneth R. Foster & Paul Root Wolpe - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (10):40-48.
    Detection of deception and confirmation of truth telling with conventional polygraphy raised a host of technical and ethical issues. Recently, newer methods of recording electromagnetic signals from the brain show promise in permitting the detection of deception or truth telling. Some are even being promoted as more accurate than conventional polygraphy. While the new technologies raise issues of personal privacy, acceptable forensic application, and other social issues, the focus of this paper is the technical limitations of the developing technology. Those (...)
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  3. Ethical Implications of Implantable Radiofrequency Identification (RFID) Tags in Humans.Kenneth R. Foster & Jan Jaeger - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (8):44 – 48.
    This article reviews the use of implantable radiofrequency identification (RFID) tags in humans, focusing on the VeriChip (VeriChip Corporation, Delray Beach, FL) and the associated VeriMed patient identification system. In addition, various nonmedical applications for implanted RFID tags in humans have been proposed. The technology offers important health and nonhealth benefits, but raises ethical concerns, including privacy and the potential for coercive implantation of RFID tags in individuals. A national discussion is needed to identify the limits of acceptable use of (...)
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  4. Engineering the Brain.Kenneth R. Foster - 2005 - In Judy Illes (ed.), Neuroethics. Defining Issues in Theory, Practice and Policy. Oxford University, Oxford. Oxford University Press.
     
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  5.  19
    Response to Commentators on "Emerging Neurotechnologies for Lie-Detection: Promises and Perils?".Paul Root Wolpe, Kenneth R. Foster & Daniel D. Langleben - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2):W5.
    Detection of deception and confirmation of truth telling with conventional polygraphy raised a host of technical and ethical issues. Recently, newer methods of recording electromagnetic signals from the brain show promise in permitting the detection of deception or truth telling. Some are even being promoted as more accurate than conventional polygraphy. While the new technologies raise issues of personal privacy, acceptable forensic application, and other social issues, the focus of this paper is the technical limitations of the developing technology. Those (...)
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  6. Engineering the Mind.Kenneth R. Foster - 2005 - In Judy Illes (ed.), Neuroethics: Defining the Issues in Theory, Practice, and Policy. Oxford University Press.
     
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  7. The Human Relationship to Nature: The Limit of Reason, the Basis of Value, and the Crisis of Environmental Ethics.Matthew R. Foster - 2016 - Lexington Books.
    Environmental problems compel examination of three contrasting patterns of moral reasoning concerning the human relationship to nature: the currently implemented Progress Ethic, and the proposed alternatives of a Stewardship Ethic and Connection Ethic. But none of these deliver all they promise, whether in theory or practice or both, because all dubiously presume that moral reason is commensurate with nature, and that the value of natural entities is an intrinsic property. Matthew R. Foster argues that resolution of this crisis requires (...)
     
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  8.  48
    More on Polanyi and Tillich on Participative Knowing.R. Melvin Keiser, Durwood Foster, Richard Gelwick & Donald Musser - 2010 - Tradition and Discovery 37 (3):19-27.
    This discussion, featuring short comments by R. Melvin Keiser, Durwood Foster, Richard Gelwick and Donald Musser, grew out of articles in TAD 35:3 (2008-2009) on connections and disconnections between the thought of Polanyi and Tillich (featuring essays by Foster and Gelwick with a response from Musser). Keiser raises questions about perspectives articulated in the earlier articles and Foster, Gelwick and Musser respond here.
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  9.  23
    Kenneth R. Foster and Peter W. Huber, Judging Science: Scientific Knowledge and the Federal Courts:Judging Science: Scientific Knowledge and the Federal Courts.Carl F. Cranor - 2000 - Ethics 110 (4):829-832.
  10.  8
    Kenneth R. Foster and Peter W. Huber, Judging Science: Scientific Knowledge and the Federal Courts.Reviewed by Carl F. Cranor - 2000 - Ethics 110 (4).
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  11. KRONER, R. - Kulturphilosophische Grundlegung der Politik. [REVIEW]M. B. Foster - 1932 - Mind 41:370.
     
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  12. KRONER, R. -Die Selbstverwirklichung des Geistes. [REVIEW]M. B. Foster - 1928 - Mind 37:512.
     
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  13.  19
    Explanation and Human Action. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (1):161-161.
    Considering the vast amount that has been written about "explanation" and "human action," one wonders what remains to be said. But this book is distinguished by the radicalness of the author's point of view. An alternative title might have been, Is Social Science Based On a Mistake? The answer here is an insistent yes. Surveying the social sciences, including psychology, sociology, political science, economics, etc., Louch argues that these disciplines are involved in radical conceptual confusions. The chief difficulty stems from (...)
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  14.  6
    Involving Study Populations in the Review of Genetic Research.Richard R. Sharp & Morris W. Foster - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (1):41-51.
  15.  9
    Involving Study Populations in the Review of Genetic Research.Richard R. Sharp & Morris W. Foster - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (1):41-51.
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  16.  20
    Promoting the Moral Reasoning of Undergraduate Business Students Through a Deliberate Psychological Education‐Based Classroom Intervention.Christopher D. Schmidt, Charles R. McAdams & Victoria Foster - 2009 - Journal of Moral Education 38 (3):315-334.
    Educating business students for ethical professional practice is a growing concern for both the corporate world and business education. Highly publicised scandals have pushed public trust in business to an all?time low, resulting in losses of customers and high employee turnover. Corporate and business education leaders have begun to press for more effective models for promoting ethical development in business education. This study examined the effectiveness of one such model, Deliberate Psychological Education (DPE), in promoting greater cognitive moral reasoning in (...)
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  17.  21
    An Ethical Framework for Automated, Wearable Cameras in Health Behavior Research.Paul Kelly, Simon J. Marshall, Hannah Badland, Jacqueline Kerr, Melody Oliver, Aiden R. Doherty & Charlie Foster - unknown
    Technologic advances mean automated, wearable cameras are now feasible for investigating health behaviors in a public health context. This paper attempts to identify and discuss the ethical implications of such research, in relation to existing guidelines for ethical research in traditional visual methodologies. Research using automated, wearable cameras can be very intrusive, generating unprecedented levels of image data, some of it potentially unflattering or unwanted. Participants and third parties they encounter may feel uncomfortable or that their privacy has been affected (...)
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  18.  11
    Clinical Utility and Full Disclosure of Genetic Results to Research Participants.Richard R. Sharp & Morris W. Foster - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (6):42 – 44.
  19.  23
    Grappling with Groups: Protecting Collective Interests in Biomedical Research.Richard R. Sharp & Morris W. Foster - 2007 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (4):321 – 337.
    Strategies for protecting historically disadvantaged groups have been extensively debated in the context of genetic variation research, making this a useful starting point in examining the protection of social groups from harm resulting from biomedical research. We analyze research practices developed in response to concerns about the involvement of indigenous communities in studies of genetic variation and consider their potential application in other contexts. We highlight several conceptual ambiguities and practical challenges associated with the protection of group interests and argue (...)
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  20.  75
    What Makes a Theory Physically “Complete”?Andrew Elby, Harvey R. Brown & Sara Foster - 1993 - Foundations of Physics 23 (7):971-985.
    Three claims about what makes a theory “physically complete” are (1) Shimony's assertion that a complete theory says “all there is to say” about nature; (2) EPR's requirement that a complete theory describe all “elements of reality”; and (3) Ballentine and Jarrett's claim that a “predictively complete” theory must obey a condition used in Bell deviations. After introducing “statistical completeness” as a partial formalization of (1), we explore the logical and motivational relationships connecting these completeness conditions. We find that statistical (...)
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  21.  27
    Cultural Adaptation and Evolved, General-Purpose Cognitive Mechanisms Are Sufficient to Explain Belief in Souls.R. Livingston Kenneth - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):480.
    It is suggested that general-purpose cognitive modules are the proper endophenotypes on which evolution has operated, not special purpose belief modules. These general-purpose modules operate to extract adaptive cultural patterns. Belief in souls may be adaptive and based in evolved systems without requiring that a specific cognitive system has evolved to support just such beliefs.
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  22.  3
    Intracranial Electrophysiology of the Human Default Network.Kieran C. R. Fox, Brett L. Foster, Aaron Kucyi, Amy L. Daitch & Josef Parvizi - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (4):307-324.
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  23. What Makes a Physical Theory “Complete”.Andrew Elby, Harvey R. Brown & Sara Foster - 1993 - Foundations of Physics 23 (7).
  24.  76
    X-Men Ethics: Using Comic Books to Teach Business Ethics.Virginia W. Gerde & R. Spencer Foster - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (3):245-258.
    A modern form of narrative, comic books are used to communicate, discuss, and critique issues in business ethics and social issues in management. A description of comic books as a legitimate medium is followed by a discussion of the pedagogical uses of comic books and assessment techniques. The strengths of the pedagogy include crossing cultural barriers, understanding the complexity of individual decision-making and organizational influences, and the universality of dilemmas and values. We provide an initial source for educators on the (...)
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  25. Book Review: Reshaping Religious Education: Conversations on Contemporary PracticeReshaping Religious Education: Conversations on Contemporary Practice, byHarrisMaria and MoranGabriel. Westminster John Knox, Louisville, 1998. 202pp. $18.00. ISBN 0-664-25783-6. [REVIEW]Charles R. Foster - 1999 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 53 (2):217-218.
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  26.  10
    The Routinisation of Genomics and Genetics: Implications for Ethical Practices.M. W. Foster, C. D. M. Royal & R. R. Sharp - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (11):635-638.
    Among bioethicists and members of the public, genetics is often regarded as unique in its ethical challenges. As medical researchers and clinicians increasingly combine genetic information with a range of non-genetic information in the study and clinical management of patients with common diseases, the unique ethical challenges attributed to genetics must be re-examined. A process of genetic routinisation that will have implications for research and clinical ethics, as well as for public conceptions of genetic information, is constituted by the emergence (...)
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  27.  52
    Logical Reasoning and Domain Specificity: A Critique of the Social Exchange Theory of Reasoning.Paul Sheldon Davies, James H. Fetzer & Thomas R. Foster - 1995 - Biology and Philosophy 10 (1):1-37.
    The social exchange theory of reasoning, which is championed by Leda Cosmides and John Tooby, falls under the general rubric evolutionary psychology and asserts that human reasoning is governed by content-dependent, domain-specific, evolutionarily-derived algorithms. According to Cosmides and Tooby, the presumptive existence of what they call cheater-detection algorithms disconfirms the claim that we reason via general-purpose mechanisms or via inductively acquired principles. We contend that the Cosmides/Tooby arguments in favor of domain-specific algorithms or evolutionarily-derived mechanisms fail and that the notion (...)
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  28.  26
    Wisdom, Information and Wonder: What is Knowledge For?Thomas R. Foster - 1990 - Ethics 100 (4):902-903.
  29. New Books. [REVIEW]M. B. Foster, H. R. MacKintosh, W. D. Lamont, A. C. Ewing, J. Drever, S. N. Dasgupta, John Laird & T. E. Jessop - 1929 - Mind 38 (149):111-124.
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  30. New Books. [REVIEW]T. E. Jessop, H. F. Hallett, Michael B. Foster, F. C. S. Schiller, James Drever, H. R. Mackintosh, Rex Knight, S. V. Keeling & E. J. Thomas - 1930 - Mind 39 (153):101-120.
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  31.  50
    The New Paradox of Temporal Transience.David J. Buller & Thomas R. Foster - 1992 - Philosophical Quarterly 42 (168):357-366.
    McTaggart raised a famed paradox regarding the transientist conception of time, the idea that the present moves into the future to overtake future events (or, alternatively, that future events move into the present) and past events recede further and further into the past as time goes on. Schlesinger has recently attempted an ingenious transientist solution to McTaggart's paradox. We will argue that Schlesinger's solution to McTaggart's paradox itself gives rise to a new, yet perfectly parallel, paradox which can only be (...)
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  32.  33
    X-Men Ethics.Virginia W. Gerde & R. Spencer Foster - 2006 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 17:297-302.
    A modern form of narrative, comic books, are used to communicate, discuss, and critique issues in business and society. A description of comic books as a legitimate medium is followed by a discussion of the pedagogical uses of comic books. The strengths of the pedagogy include crossing cultural barriers, understanding the complexity of individual decision-making and organizational influences, and the universality of dilemmas and values. We provide an initial source for educators on the topics, comic books, plotlines, and other commentary (...)
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  33.  39
    Goodman, Forgery, and the Aesthetic.Luise H. Morton & Thomas R. Foster - 1991 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 49 (2):155-159.
  34.  12
    Russell on Particularized Relations.Thomas R. Foster - 1983 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 3 (2):129.
  35.  1
    Lingering with the Particular: Minima Moralia's Critical Modernism.R. Foster - 2011 - Télos 2011 (155):83-103.
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  36.  72
    Symmetrical Universes and the Identity of Indiscernibles.Thomas R. Foster - 1982 - Philosophy Research Archives 8:169-183.
    The view that numerical difference entails qualitative difference has come under attack from various quarters. One classical attack, advanced by Black, involves possible worlds which are symmetrical. In a symmetrical world, it is claimed, the identity of indiscernibles is false. I argue that such attacks are mistaken, basically because they confuse epistemological issues (such as, how to specify a quality difference) with ontological ones (such as, whether there is such a quality difference). In brief, though there may be some reasons (...)
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  37.  6
    Elastic Moduli and Internal Friction of Nanocrystalline Pd and PdSi as a Function of Temperature.D. S. Agosta, R. G. Leisure, K. Foster, J. Markmann & J. J. Adams - 2008 - Philosophical Magazine 88 (6):949-958.
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  38.  31
    In the Shadow of the Muses a View of Akkadian LiteratureBefore the Muses: An Anthology of Akkadian Literature.Joan Goodnick Westenholz & Benjamin R. Foster - 1999 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 119 (1):80.
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  39.  15
    Assault of the Petulant: Postmodernism and Other FanciesSeeing Berger: A Revaluation of Ways of SeeingThe Naked ArtistHistoire de l'Art Et Lutte des Classes The Anti-Aesthetic: Essays on Post-Modern CultureThe Colors of Rhetoric: Problems in the Relation Between Modern Literature and PaintingThe Age of the Avant GardeClement Greenberg, Art CriticThe Tradition of the NewThe Anxious Object.John Adkins Richardson, Peter Fuller, Nicos Hadjinicolau, Hal Foster, Wendy Steiner, Hilton Kramer, Donald Kuspit, Harold Rosenberg, Suzi Gablik & Roy R. Behrens - 1984 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 18 (1):93.
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  40.  32
    Political Contributions and Defense Contractors, and No-Bid Contracts.Virginia Gerde & R. Spencer Foster - 2006 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 17:215-220.
    What role do political campaign contributions make in generating and maintaining political capital? Are no-bid contracts awarded to more influential defensecontractors? We explore these questions by conducting a social network analysis of defense contractors and their political campaign contributions to U.S. Representatives and Senators. Using a model of political capital from Rehbein, Schuler, and Doh (2005), we operationalize network ties in terms of political contributions and the relative influence of legislators and defense contractors.
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  41.  41
    The Persistence of Counterexample: Re-Examining the Debate Over Leibniz Law.Gregory Landini & Thomas R. Foster - 1991 - Noûs 25 (1):43-61.
  42.  7
    Legends of the Kings of Akkade: The Texts.Benjamin R. Foster & Joan Goodnick Westenholz - 1999 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 119 (4):704.
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  43.  1
    Thermal Expansion of the C15 Laves-Phase Materials TaV2and TaV2Hx.R. G. Leisure, K. Foster, C. Lemier & A. V. Skripov - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (36):4509-4514.
  44.  30
    New Books. [REVIEW]E. W. Edwards, W. J. H. Sprott, F. C. S. Schiller, A. C. Ewing, John H. Munkman, John Laird, M. B. Foster, A. S., R. E. Stedman & F. C. - 1935 - Mind 44 (174):240-260.
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  45.  15
    La versione accadica del LUGAL-E: La tecnica babilonese della traduzione dal Sumerico e le sue 'regole'.Stefano Seminara & Benjamin R. Foster - 2003 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 123 (1):197.
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  46.  19
    Fertile Ground.R. Spencer Foster - 2012 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 23:203-214.
    The environmental movement continues to be a dynamic force for protection of the environment despite new organizations emerging from the “birthing” process of the formation of new groups via factions and schisms. I focus on two aspects of the evolution of the environmental movement: how do new organizations emerge from existing environmental groups via benevolent or divisive mechanisms; and, which organizations produce new organizations? I develop a family tree of the American environmental movement from 1955 – 2005 and identify the (...)
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  47.  13
    Mesopotamien: Akkade-Zeit und Ur III-Zeit. Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis, Vol. 160.3.Benjamin R. Foster, Walther Sallaberger & Aage Westenholz - 2000 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 120 (4):671.
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  48.  19
    The New Bone Wars.R. Spencer Foster & Virginia W. Gerde - 2009 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 20:207-217.
    We examine the role of professional jurisdiction in the convergence of science and business by exploring the relationship between professional jurisdiction and ethical decision-making. We apply the concept of professional jurisdiction (Abbott 1988) to the turf wars over vertebrate fossils among professional fossil collectors, vertebrate paleontologists, and the professional associations. We posit a series of hypotheses relating to how perceptions of professional jurisdiction influence stakeholders’ ethical decision-making frameworks concerning the sale and purchase of vertebrate fossils, as well as how professional (...)
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  49.  12
    Early Mesopotamian Land SalesEarliest Land Tenure Systems in the Near East: Ancient Kudurrus.Benjamin R. Foster, Ignace J. Gelb, Piotr Steinkeller & Robert M. Whiting - 1994 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (3):440.
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  50.  12
    Studies in Third Millennium Sumerian and Akkadian Personal Names: The Designation and Conception of the Personal God.Benjamin R. Foster & Robert A. Di Vito - 1995 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 115 (3):537.
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