Results for 'Philipp Lenhard'

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  1.  22
    Reconstruction und Reeducation. Max Horkheimer und die deutsch-israelische Freundschaft, 1948–1973.Philipp Lenhard - 2017 - Naharaim 11 (1-2):25-46.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Naharaim Jahrgang: 11 Heft: 1-2 Seiten: 25-46.
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  2. Gegenaufklärung.Alex Gruber, Manfred Dahlmann & Philipp Lenhard (eds.) - 2011 - Ca Ira.
  3.  1
    Philipp Lenhard: Volk oder Religion? Die Entstehung moderner jüdischer Ethnizität in Frankreich und Deutschland 1782-1848 , Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 2014, 413 S. [REVIEW]Kathrin Wittler - 2015 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 67 (3-4):330-332.
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  4. Holism, Entrenchment, and the Future of Climate Model Pluralism.Johannes Lenhard & Eric Winsberg - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 41 (3):253-262.
  5. Computer Simulation: The Cooperation Between Experimenting and Modeling.Johannes Lenhard - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (2):176-194.
    The goal of the present article is to contribute to the epistemology and methodology of computer simulations. The central thesis is that the process of simulation modeling takes the form of an explorative cooperation between experimenting and modeling. This characteristic mode of modeling turns simulations into autonomous mediators in a specific way; namely, it makes it possible for the phenomena and the data to exert a direct influence on the model. The argumentation will be illustrated by a case study of (...)
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  6.  16
    Holism, or the Erosion of Modularity: A Methodological Challenge for Validation.Johannes Lenhard - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (5):832-844.
    Modularity is a key concept in building and evaluating complex simulation models. My main claim is that in simulation modeling modularity degenerates for systematic methodological reasons. Consequently, it is hard, if not impossible, to accessing how representational structure and dynamical properties of a model are related. The resulting problem for validating models is one of holism. The argument will proceed by analyzing the techniques of parameterization, tuning, and kludging. They are – to a certain extent – inevitable when building complex (...)
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  7.  44
    Surprised by a Nanowire: Simulation, Control, and Understanding.Johannes Lenhard - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (5):605-616.
    This paper starts by looking at the coincidence of surprising behavior on the nanolevel in both matter and simulation. It uses this coincidence to argue that the simulation approach opens up a pragmatic mode of understanding oriented toward design rules and based on a new instrumental access to complex models. Calculations, and their variation by means of explorative numerical experimentation and visualization, can give a feeling for a model's behavior and the ability to control phenomena, even if the model itself (...)
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  8.  9
    Boon and Bane: On the Role of Adjustable Parameters in Simulation Models.Hans Hasse & Johannes Lenhard - 2017 - In Martin Carrier & Johannes Lenhard (eds.), Mathematics as a Tool. Springer Verlag.
    We claim that adjustable parameters play a crucial role in building and applying simulation models. We analyze that role and illustrate our findings using examples from equations of state in thermodynamics. In building simulation models, two types of experiments, namely, simulation and classical experiments, interact in a feedback loop, in which model parameters are adjusted. A critical discussion of how adjustable parameters function shows that they are boon and bane of simulation. They help to enlarge the scope of simulation far (...)
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  9.  18
    Disciplines, Models, and Computers: The Path to Computational Quantum Chemistry.Johannes Lenhard - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 48:89-96.
  10. Computersimulationen: Modellierungen 2. Ordnung. [REVIEW]Günter Küppers & Johannes Lenhard - 2005 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 36 (2):305 - 329.
    Es soll ein Beitrag zur epistemischen Charakterisierung von Computersimulationen als jenseits von Experiment und Theorie geleistet werden. Es wird argumentiert, dass die in der Simulationstechnik eingesetzten Verfahren nicht numerische Lösungen liefern, sondern deren Dynamik mittels generativer Mechanismen imitieren. Die Computersimulationen in der Klimatologie werden als systematisches wie historisches Fallbeispiel behandelt. Erst "Simulationsexperimente" gestatten es, mittels Modellen eine Dynamik zu imitieren, ohne deren Grundgleichungen zu "lösen". /// Computer simulations will be characterized in epistemic respect as a method between experiment and theory. (...)
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  11.  13
    Can Monolinguals Be Like Bilinguals? Evidence From Dialect Switching.Neil W. Kirk, Vera Kempe, Kenneth C. Scott-Brown, Andrea Philipp & Mathieu Declerck - 2018 - Cognition 170:164-178.
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  12.  13
    Beyond Verb Meaning: Experimental Evidence for Incremental Processing of Semantic Roles and Event Structure.Markus Philipp, Tim Graf, Franziska Kretzschmar & Beatrice Primus - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  13. The Bell Theorem as a Special Case of a Theorem of Bass.Karl Hess & Walter Philipp - 2005 - Foundations of Physics 35 (10):1749-1767.
    The theorem of Bell states that certain results of quantum mechanics violate inequalities that are valid for objective local random variables. We show that the inequalities of Bell are special cases of theorems found 10 years earlier by Bass and stated in full generality by Vorob’ev. This fact implies precise necessary and sufficient mathematical conditions for the validity of the Bell inequalities. We show that these precise conditions differ significantly from the definition of objective local variable spaces and as an (...)
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  14.  8
    Elephant and Ant: The Social and Cognitive Organization of Computer Simulation.Johannes Lenhard - 2017 - Social Science Information 56 (3):375-392.
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  15.  5
    Mit Allem Rechnen - Zur Philosophie der Computersimulation.Johannes Lenhard - 2015 - De Gruyter.
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  16.  13
    Thought Experiments and Simulation Experiments: Exploring Hypothetical Worlds.Johannes Lenhard - unknown
    Both thought experiments and simulation experiments apparently belong to the family of experiments, though they are somewhat special members because they work without intervention into the natural world. Instead they explore hypothetical worlds. For this reason many have wondered whether referring to them as “experiments” is justified at all. While most authors are concerned with only one type of “imagined” experiment – either simulation or thought experiment – the present chapter hopes to gain new insight by considering what the two (...)
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  17.  23
    Coal to Diamonds.Johannes Lenhard - 2013 - Foundations of Science 18 (3):583-586.
    In this commentary to Napoletani et al. (Foundations of Science 16:1–20, 2011), we put agnostic science in a wider historical context of philosophy of mathematics. Secondly, the parallel to Tukey’s “exploratory data analysis” will be discussed. Thirdly, it will be argued that what is new is the mutually interdependent dynamics of data (on which Napoletani et al. focus) and of computational modeling—which puts science closer to engineering and vice versa.
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  18.  62
    Autonomy and Automation: Computational Modeling, Reduction, and Explanation in Quantum Chemistry.Johannes Lenhard - 2014 - The Monist 97 (3):339-358.
    This paper discusses how computational modeling combines the autonomy of models with the automation of computational procedures. In particular, the case of ab-initio methods in quantum chemistry will be investigated to draw two lessons from the analysis of computational modeling. The first belongs to general philosophy of science: Computational modeling faces a trade-off and enlarges predictive force at the cost of explanatory force. The other lesson is about the philosophy of chemistry: The methodology of computational modeling puts into doubt claims (...)
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  19. Models and Statistical Inference: The Controversy Between Fisher and Neyman–Pearson.Johannes Lenhard - 2006 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (1):69-91.
    The main thesis of the paper is that in the case of modern statistics, the differences between the various concepts of models were the key to its formative controversies. The mathematical theory of statistical inference was mainly developed by Ronald A. Fisher, Jerzy Neyman, and Egon S. Pearson. Fisher on the one side and Neyman–Pearson on the other were involved often in a polemic controversy. The common view is that Neyman and Pearson made Fisher's account more stringent mathematically. It is (...)
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  20.  9
    Computersimulationen: Modellierungen 2. Ordnung.Günter Küppers & Johannes Lenhard - 2005 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 36 (2):305-329.
    Es soll ein Beitrag zur epistemischen Charakterisierung von Computersimulationen als jenseits von Experiment und Theorie geleistet werden. Es wird argumentiert, dass die in der Simulationstechnik eingesetzten Verfahren nicht numerische Lösungen liefern, sondern deren Dynamik mittels generativer Mechanismen imitieren. Die Computersimulationen in der Klimatologie werden als systematisches wie historisches Fallbeispiel behandelt. Erst "Simulationsexperimente" gestatten es, mittels Modellen eine Dynamik zu imitieren, ohne deren Grundgleichungen zu "lösen". /// Computer simulations will be characterized in epistemic respect as a method between experiment and theory. (...)
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  21.  3
    Sachindex.Johannes Lenhard - 2015 - In Mit Allem Rechnen - Zur Philosophie der Computersimulation. De Gruyter. pp. 210-212.
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  22.  84
    Holism and Entrenchment in Climate Model Validation.Johannes Lenhard & Eric Winsberg - 2011 - In M. Carrier & A. Nordmann (eds.), Science in the Context of Application. Springer. pp. 115--130.
  23.  15
    Epistemologie der Iteration. Gedankenexperimente und Simulationsexperimente.Johannes Lenhard - 2011 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 59 (1):131-145.
    Thought experiments and simulation experiments are compared and contrasted with each other. While the former rely on epistemic transparency as a working condition, in the latter complexity of model dynamics leads to epistemic opacity. The difference is elucidated by a discussion of the different kinds of iteration that are at work in both sorts of experiment.
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  24.  10
    The Influence of Action Effects in Task-Switching.Sarah Lukas, Andrea M. Philipp & Iring Koch - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  25. Computation and Simulation.Johannes Lenhard - 2010 - In Julie Thompson Klein & Carl Mitcham (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity. Oxford University Press. pp. 246.
     
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  26.  20
    Analyse und Synthese oder von Leibniz und Kant zum axiomatischen Denken.Johannes Lenhard & Michael Otte - 2002 - Philosophia Naturalis 39 (2):259-292.
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  27.  11
    Axiomatics Without Foundations. On the Model-Theoretical Viewpoint In Modern Axiomatics.Johannes Lenhard - 2005 - Philosophia Scientiae 9 (2: Aperçus philosophiques en log):97-107.
    Two conflicting interpretations of modern axiomatics will be considered. The logico-analytical interpretation goes back to Pasch, while the model-theoretical approach stems from Hilbert. This perspective takes up the distinction between logic as calculus ratiocinator versus lingua characterica that Heijenoort and Hintikka placed emphasis on. It is argued that the Heijenoort-Hintikka distinction can be carried over from logic to mathematical axiomatics. In particular, the model-theoretical viewpoint is deeply connected to a philosophy of mathematics that is not committed to a foundational perspective, (...)
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  28. Dispositional Versus Epistemic Causality.Paul Bohan Broderick, Johannes Lenhard & Arnold Silverberg - 2006 - Minds and Machines 16 (3).
    Noam Chomsky and Frances Egan argue that David Marr’s computational theory of vision is not intentional, claiming that the formal scientific theory does not include description of visual content. They also argue that the theory is internalist in the sense of not describing things physically external to the perceiver. They argue that these claims hold for computational theories of vision in general. Beyond theories of vision, they argue that representational content does not figure as a topic within formal computational theories (...)
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  29.  16
    The Applicability of Mathematics as a Philosophical Problem: Mathematization as Exploration.Johannes Lenhard & Michael Otte - 2018 - Foundations of Science 23 (4):719-737.
    This paper discerns two types of mathematization, a foundational and an explorative one. The foundational perspective is well-established, but we argue that the explorative type is essential when approaching the problem of applicability and how it influences our conception of mathematics. The first part of the paper argues that a philosophical transformation made explorative mathematization possible. This transformation took place in early modernity when sense acquired partial independence from reference. The second part of the paper discusses a series of examples (...)
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  30.  36
    Der Philosemitismus Im Geistesgeschichtlichen Feld.Wolfgang Philipp - 1958 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 10 (3):220-230.
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  31. Axiomatics Without Foundations. On the Model-Theoretical Viewpoint In Modern Axiomatics.Johannes Lenhard - 2005 - Philosophia Scientae 9:97-107.
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  32. Grenzen der Mathematisierung: Von der grundlegenden Bedeutung der Anwendungen.Johannes Lenhard & Michael Otte - 2005 - Philosophia Naturalis 42 (1):15-47.
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  33.  32
    Tolstoj Und Pascal.Franz-Heinrich Philipp - 1958 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 10 (1):23-44.
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  34.  28
    Scepticism and Mathematization: Pascal and Peirce on Mathematical Epistemology.Johannes Lenhard - 2004 - Philosophica 74.
    In his Pensées, Pascal introduced the very influential distinction between the subtle intelligence and the geometrical intelligence. In the first part of the present paper Pascal’s distinction is considered by looking at his famous wager argument where Pascal acts as a skeptical philosopher and at the same time as an applied mathematician. This argument employs the esprit de finesse in a way that is of fundamental significance for the epistemology of mathematics. This claim will be backed up in the second (...)
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  35.  28
    Tagung für Erkenntnislehre der exakten Wissenschaften.Carnap Rudolf, Hahn Hans, Frank Philipp & Reichenbach Hans - 1929 - Annalen der Philosophie Und Philosophischen Kritik 8 (1):113-114.
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  36.  15
    The Mamluks in Egyptian Politics and Society.Christopher S. Taylor, Thomas Philipp & Ulrich Haarmann - 2000 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 120 (1):118.
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  37.  24
    SJ McGrath. The Early Heidegger and Medieval Philosophy. Phenomenology for the Godforsaken. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 2006. [REVIEW]Rosemann W. Philipp - 2009 - Analecta Hermeneutica 1:343-350.
    [Book Review] Philip W. Rosemann reviews S.J. McGrath. The Early Heidegger and Medieval Philosophy. Phenomenology for the Godforsaken . Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 2006.
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  38.  19
    Ross, Anne, Kathleen Pickering Sherman, Jeffrey G. Snodgrass, Henry D. Delcore and Richard Sherman. Indigenous Peoples and the Collaborative Stewardship of Nature: Knowledge Binds and Institutional Conflicts: Left Coast Press, Inc., Walnut Creek, 2011, 320 Pp, ISBN-13: 9781598745788. [REVIEW]Emily Philipp - 2015 - Agriculture and Human Values 32 (2):365-366.
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  39.  17
    Olympische Forschungen. 13Bronzeschmuck aus Olympia. [REVIEW]Reynold Higgins, Olympia & H. Philipp - 1984 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 104:263-263.
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  40.  33
    Kants Philosophie der Mathematik und die umstrittene Rolle der Anschauung.Johannes Lenhard - 2006 - Kant-Studien 97 (3):301-317.
    Einleitung Die Kantische Philosophie der Mathematik ist nach einer weitverbreiteten Meinung in ihren Grundzügen überholt. Die moderne Mathematik gilt, ganz unkantisch, als analytisches Denken. Im folgenden soll für eine partielle Verteidigung von Kants Philosophie der Mathematik argumentiert werden. Sie hat nämlich den Gegenstandsbezug der Mathematik und deren Anwendungsrelation zu ihrem zentralen Problem gemacht. Für Kant war es die Anschauung, die den gegenständlichen Bezug ermöglichen sollte und in dieser Funktion ist sie, wie von einem anwendungsorientierten Standpunkt aus argumentiert wird, keineswegs überholt. (...)
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  41. O pewnym eksperymencie myślowym przeciwko determinizmowi woli.Ryszard Philipp - 2013 - Diametros 35:84-92.
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  42.  13
    Zur Genese des „Bildes“ in geometrischer und archaischer Zeit.Hanna Philipp - 2001 - In StephanHG Hauser (ed.), Homo Pictor. De Gruyter. pp. 87-108.
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  43.  11
    ʿAbd Al-Rahmān Al-Jabartī's History of Egypt: ʿAjāʾib Al-Āthār Fī'l-Tarājim Wa'l-Akhbār. Five Volumes in ThreeAbd Al-Rahman Al-Jabarti's History of Egypt: Ajaib Al-Athar Fi'l-Tarajim Wa'l-Akhbar. Five Volumes in Three.Nelly Hanna, Thomas Philipp, Moshe Perlmann & Guido Schwald - 1996 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 116 (4):794.
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  44.  14
    Simulation, Representation, and Cartography: Compiling a Virtual Atlas.Johannes Lenhard - 2015 - Perspectives on Science 23 (4):386-404.
    It is a commonplace that “the map is not the territory.” The phrase goes back to Alfred Korzybski, while the insight—formulated by insisting on an apparent triviality—is surely older and has received poetical expressions from Lewis Carroll and Jorge Luis Borges among others. The difference between map and territory is a difference of categories and is at the base of the representation relation. Hence maps play a prominent role in the discourse about representation which takes place in a number of (...)
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  45. Czy znaczenia nie są w głowach? - raz jeszcze na temat eksperymentu myślowego "Ziemia Bliźniacza" H. Putnama.Ryszard Philipp - 2009 - Diametros 22:151-159.
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  46.  11
    Beiträge Zur Kulturgeschichte Persiens Nach Sa‘Dî.Karl Philipp - 1916 - Der Islam: Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East 7 (4):299-306.
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  47.  15
    Sport Science in Germany: An Interdisciplinary Anthology Herbert Haag, Ommo Grape, and August Kirsch, Editors.Thilo M. Philipp - 1995 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 22 (1):150-152.
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  48.  22
    El Greco's Entombment of the Count of Orgaz and Spanish Medieval Tomb Art.Franz Philipp - 1981 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 44:76-89.
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  49.  13
    Metaphysik Und Glaube. Die Grundgedanken der Physikotheologie Bernhard Nieuwentyts.Wolfgang Philipp - 1960 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 2 (1):90-122.
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  50.  11
    4. Epistemische Opazität.Johannes Lenhard - 2015 - In Mit Allem Rechnen - Zur Philosophie der Computersimulation. De Gruyter. pp. 82-110.
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