Results for 'Michael Philips'

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  1.  12
    Between Universalism and Skepticism: Ethics as Social Artifact.Michael Philips - 1994 - Oxford University Press.
    Philips defends a middle ground between the view that there is a set of standards binding on rational beings as such (universalism) and the view that differences in morals reduce ultimately to matters of taste (skepticism). He begins with a sustained critique of universalist moral theories and some familiar approaches to concrete moral questions that presuppose them (most appeals to intuitions, respect for person's moralities, and versions of contractarianism and wide reflective equilibrium). He goes on to criticize major recent (...)
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  2. Racist Acts And Racist Humor.Michael Philips - 1984 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14 (March):75-96.
  3.  90
    The Justification of Punishment and the Justification of Political Authority.Michael Philips - 1986 - Law and Philosophy 5 (3):393 - 416.
    Philosophical accounts of punishment are primarily concerned with punishment by the (or: a) state. More specifically, they attempt to explain why the (a) state may justifiably penalize those who are judged to violate its laws and the conditions under which it is entitled to do so. But any full account of these matters must surely be grounded in an account of the nature and purpose of the state and the justification of state authority. Because they are not so grounded, deterrence (...)
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  4.  66
    Preferential Hiring and the Question of Competence.Michael Philips - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (2):161 - 163.
    It is widely believed that preferential hiring practices inevitably result in hiring less qualified candidates for jobs. Indeed, this follows analytically from some definitions of preferential hiring (e.g. George Sher's). This paper describes several preferential hiring strategies that do not have this consequence. Sher's definition is thus shown to be inadequate and an alternative definition is proposed.
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  5.  48
    Weighing Moral Reasons.Michael Philips - 1987 - Mind 96 (383):367-375.
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  6.  28
    Bribery.Michael Philips - 1984 - Ethics 94 (4):621-636.
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  7.  25
    Are Coerced Agreements Involuntary?Michael Philips - 1984 - Law and Philosophy 3 (1):133 - 145.
    It is widely supposed that agreements made in response to coercion are entered into involuntarily for that reason. This paper argues that that supposition is false and that it has generated a good deal of avoidable confusion in the courts and among some legal commentators. Agreements entered into involuntarily of course, have no legal standing. But, on any plausible account of coercion, agreements entered into in response to coercion are an inevitability of social life. To prohibit them would be to (...)
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  8.  10
    Rationality, Responsibility and Blame.Michael Philips - 1987 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17 (1):141 - 154.
  9.  21
    Are 'Killing' and 'Letting Die' Adequately Specified Moral Categories?Michael Philips - 1985 - Philosophical Studies 47 (1):151 - 158.
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  10.  15
    Normative Contexts and Moral Decision.Michael Philips - 1985 - Journal of Business Ethics 4 (4):233 - 237.
    This paper attempts to explain the significance of the ideologies — or middle-level normative discourse — described by Kenneth Goodpaster in his paper Business Ethics, Ideology, and the Naturalistic Fallacy. It is argued that the propositions constitutive of this discourse are not invokable moral principles (i.e. principles which generate solutions to actual moral problems). Rather, they are characterizations of the normative contexts in which moral decisions are made. As such, they place limits on the ways in which the abstract moral (...)
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  11.  7
    David Levy on Perversion.Michael Philips - 1981 - Philosophy Research Archives 7:431-442.
    In "Perversion and the Unnatural as Moral Categories" David Levy argues against a number of theories of perversion by means of the method of counter-example. This is inappropriate since many familiar accounts are not attempts to provide a "one-over-many" formula for a core of clear cases. Rather, like Levy himself, many understand perversions as "unnatural" or "non-human" actions, i.e. as distortions of human nature. Here there is agreement on the intension of the term. Differences in the extension arise in virtue (...)
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  12.  31
    The Inevitability of Punishing the Innocent.Michael Philips - 1985 - Philosophical Studies 48 (3):389 - 391.
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  13.  25
    Moralism and the Good.Michael Philips - 1987 - Philosophical Studies 52 (1):131 - 139.
    It is often held that moral considerations take precedence over considerations of other kinds in determining what we ought to do. I contend that this claim is ambiguous and argue that objections to each interpretation of it can be met only by rejecting the other. One surprising consequence of my argument is that no deontic moral theory can effectively guide action unless it is conjoined with a theory of the good. Another interesting consequence is that the deontologists' favorite objection to (...)
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  14.  6
    Racist Acts and Racist Humor.Michael Philips - 1984 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):75-96.
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  15.  30
    Bribery, Consent and Prima Facie Duty: A Rejoinder to Carson. [REVIEW]Michael Philips - 1987 - Journal of Business Ethics 6 (5):361 - 364.
    Responding to my paper Bribery Tom Carson argues that bribe takers violate promisory obligations in a wider range of cases than I acknowledge and insists that bribe taking is prima facie wrong in all contexts. I argue that he is wrong on both counts.
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  16.  11
    Preference Satisfaction and the Good.Michael Philips - 2001 - Philosophy Now 31:22-23.
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  17.  18
    Linguistic Choice and Moral Choice: A Reply to Richter.Michael Philips - 1986 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 16 (4):795 - 800.
  18.  16
    Is Skepticism Ridiculous?Michael Philips - 2005 - Philosophy Now 53:28-30.
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  19.  16
    Mirroring Without Metaphysics.Michael Philips - 2002 - Philosophy Now 37:33-35.
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  20.  4
    Between Universalism and Skepticism: Ethics as Social Artifact.Michael Philips - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (3):732-734.
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  21.  20
    Do Banks Loan Money?Michael Philips - 1982 - Journal of Business Ethics 1 (3):249 - 250.
    There is an obvious and important difference between bank loans and typical personal loans, viz., that banks charge interest in order to make a profit. Accordingly, what banks do is more accurately described as selling or renting money than as loaning money. Moreover, it is advantageous to banks misleadingly to describe their activity as loaning. For this assimilates their activity to the case of personal loans and helps to create an impression that banks do us a favor by loaning us (...)
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  22.  13
    Do Computers Have Syntax?Michael Philips - 2002 - Philosophy Now 39:19-21.
  23.  14
    Moral Luck.Michael Philips - 2001 - Philosophy Now 32:24-25.
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  24.  13
    The Thing in Itself Revisited.Michael Philips - 2001 - Philosophy Now 34:22-24.
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  25.  7
    Reason, Dignity and the Formal Conception of Practical Reason.Michael Philips - 1987 - American Philosophical Quarterly 24 (2):191 - 198.
    It has often been held that human beings have worth and dignity because they are rational. But "reason" has meant different things to different philosophers. I argue that given what is meant by reason (practical reason) in economics, Decision theory and much moral philosophy, It is doubtful that rationality entitles a being to any special status at all. Moreover, And more generally, All historical appeals to reason to ground such claims are covert appeals to some more specific set of human (...)
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  26.  15
    Mary Midgley, Utopias, Dolphins, and Computers: Problems of Philosophical Plumbing:Utopias, Dolphins, and Computers: Problems of Philosophical Plumbing.Michael Philips - 1998 - Ethics 108 (4):813-814.
  27.  12
    Can Philosophy Rescue the Art World?Michael Philips - 2002 - Philosophy Now 35:32-33.
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  28.  14
    A Pleasure Paradox.Michael Philips - 1981 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 59 (3):323 – 331.
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  29.  7
    What is Materialism?Michael Philips - 2003 - Philosophy Now 42:18-19.
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  30.  13
    Must Rational Preferences Be Transitive?Michael Philips - 1989 - Philosophical Quarterly 39 (157):477-483.
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  31.  13
    Is Kant's Practical Reason Practical?Michael Philips - 1981 - Journal of Value Inquiry 15 (2):95-108.
    There is a tension between theory and practice in kant's moral philosophy. On the one hand, The categorical imperative presupposes that no rational agent is intrinsically deserving of more rights or a better life than any other. On the other hand, The categorical imperative requires that we act in certain other regarding ways regardless of how others act in relation to us. I argue that often we cannot act in accordance with this latter practical principle without violating the theoretical egalitarianism (...)
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  32.  9
    Physicalism and Empathetic Understanding.Michael Philips - 2005 - Philosophy Now 52:10-13.
  33.  8
    Money Talk.Michael Philips - 2002 - Philosophy Now 36:28-29.
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  34.  2
    Between Universalism and Scepticism: Ethics as Social Artefact.Michael Philips - 1996 - Philosophical Quarterly 46 (183):260-261.
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  35.  7
    Astrophysics and Sample Size.Michael Philips - 2000 - Philosophy Now 29:33-34.
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  36.  4
    How to Think Systematically About Business Ethics.Michael Philips - 2001 - In Alan R. Malachowski (ed.), Business Ethics: Critical Perspectives on Business and Management. Routledge. pp. 1--21.
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  37.  2
    Animal Communication and Social Evolution.Michael Philips & S. N. Austad - 1996 - In Colin Allen & D. Jamison (eds.), Readings in Animal Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 257--267.
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  38.  1
    Letters to the Editor.Felicia Ackerman, Rudolph H. Weingartner, Michael Philips, Anita Alexander, Francis J. Beckwith & Robert M. Costrell - 1993 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 66 (7):43-59.
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  39.  2
    Rupert Buchannan 1937 - 1984.Michael Philips - 1985 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 58 (5):749 - 750.
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  40. Philosophy and Science Fiction.Michael Philips (ed.) - 1984 - Prometheus Books.
     
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  41. Reviews : Michael Billig, Arguing and Thinking: A Rhetorical Approach to Social Psychology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989 (1987), Paper £9.95, Vi + 290 Pp. [REVIEW]Mike Michael - 1991 - History of the Human Sciences 4 (3):441-444.
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  42.  43
    Formal Causes: Definition, Explanation, and Primacy in Socratic and Aristotelian Thought, by Michael T. Ferejohn.Michaelis Michael - 2015 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 93 (1):204-205.
  43.  11
    Michael Philips, Between Universalism and Skepticism. [REVIEW]Sarah Stroud - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (3):732-734.
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  44.  20
    Bribery and Implicit Agreements: A Reply to PhilipS.Thomas L. Carson - 1987 - Journal of Business Ethics 6 (2):123 - 125.
    The author has elsewhere defended the view that accepting a bribe involves the violation of an implicit or explicit promise or understanding associated with an office or position that one occupies and that therefore it is prima facie wrong to accept a bribe. Michael Philips has criticized this position in a recent paper. He argues that (a) there are cases in which accepting a bribe violates no promises or agreements, and (b) there are cases in which there is (...)
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  45.  16
    PhilipS on Coerced Agreements.Joan McGregor - 1988 - Law and Philosophy 7 (2):225 - 236.
    Michael Philips in his paper 'Are Coerced Agreements Involuntary?' argues against the widely accepted claim that agreements secured by coercion are involuntary and hence the law should not enforce coerced agreements. Philips's argument relies, I argue, upon an indefensible account of voluntariness. His account of voluntariness does not provide a justification for the system of voluntary exchanges, nor does it link up with our entrenched views about moral and legal responsibility. After arguing for the inadequacy of (...)'s analysis of voluntary, I show that Philips has not established the conclusions he thinks he has; specifically, he does not show that agreements made in response to coercion are not involuntary, that coercion does not invalidate agreements, and that the distinction between illegal and legal means which he is so eager to make cannot do the work he wants it to do. (shrink)
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  46. Racism as Disrespect.Joshua Glasgow - 2009 - Ethics 120 (1):64-93.
    An analysis of 'racism' in terms of disrespect. This article argues against the views that racism should be understood in reductive ways as, variously, an attitude of ill-will (Jorge Garcia), a cognitive object such as ideology (Tommie Shelby), a behavior (Michael Philips), or some disjunctive hybrid (Lawrence Blum). In fact, it argues that racism should be conceptually released from having any one location. The disrespect analysis favored here can accommodate a variety of important desiderata for a theory of (...)
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  47.  69
    Perception, Knowledge and Freedom in the Age of Extremes: On the Historical Epistemology of Ludwik Fleck and Michael Polanyi. [REVIEW]Michael Hagner - 2012 - Studies in East European Thought 64 (1-2):107-120.
    This paper deals with Ludwik Fleck’s theory of thought styles and Michael Polanyi’s theory of tacit knowledge. Though both concepts have been very influential for science studies in general, and both have been subject to numerous interpretations, their accounts have, somewhat surprisingly, hardly been comparatively analyzed. Both Fleck and Polanyi relied on the physiology and psychology of the senses in order to show that scientific knowledge follows less the path of logical principles than the path of accepting or rejecting (...)
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  48.  20
    Michael McGhee, Transformations of Mind: Philosophy as Spiritual Practice Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Michael D. Kurak - 2001 - Philosophy in Review 21 (3):189-191.
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  49. Saving Seven Embryos or Saving One Child? Michael Sandel on the Moral Status of Human Embryos.Gregor Damschen & Dieter Schönecker - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (Ethics and the Life Sciences):239-245.
    Suppose a fire broke out in a fertility clinic. One had time to save either a young girl, or a tray of ten human embryos. Would it be wrong to save the girl? According to Michael Sandel, the moral intuition is to save the girl; what is more, one ought to do so, and this demonstrates that human embryos do not possess full personhood, and hence deserve only limited respect and may be killed for medical research. We will argue, (...)
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  50.  23
    Michael Madary's Visual Phenomenology.Neil Mehta - forthcoming - Philosophical Review.
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