Results for 'Alejandro Rosas'

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  1.  15
    Mistakes To Avoid In Attacking The Moral/Conventional Distinction.Alejandro Rosas - 2012 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 7 (1).
    In an experimental critique of the moral/conventional distinction, Kelly et al. present new experimental data about responses to transgressions involving harm, where the novelty is that transgressors are grown-ups, rather than children. Their data do not support the moral/conventional distinction. The contrast between grown-up and schoolyard transgressions does not seem, however, to explain their results: they also use two schoolyard transgressions with similar negative results for the M/C distinction.I here attempt to explain away their results by calling attention to two (...)
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  2.  33
    Beyond Inclusive Fitness? On A Simple And General Explanation For The Evolution of Altruism.Alejandro Rosas - 2010 - Philosophy and Theory in Biology 2 (20130604).
    Altruism is a central concept in evolutionary biology. Evolutionary biologists still disagree about its meaning (E.O. Wilson 2005; Fletcher et al. 2006; D.S. Wilson 2008; Foster et al. 2006a, b; West et al. 2007a, 2008). Semantic disagreement appears to be quite robust and not easily overcome by attempts at clarification, suggesting that substantive conceptual issues lurk in the background. Briefly, group selection theorists define altruism as any trait that makes altruists losers to selfish traits within groups, and makes groups of (...)
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  3. La Moral y Sus Sombras: La Racionalidad Instrumental y la Evolución de Las Normas de Equidad (Morality and its Shadows: Instrumental Rationality and the Evolution of Fairness Norms).Alejandro Rosas - 2005 - Critica 37 (110):79 - 104.
    Los sociobiólogos han defendido una posición "calvinista" que se resume en la siguiente fórmula: si la selección natural explica las actitudes morales, no hay altruismo genuino en la moral; si la moral es altruista, entonces la selección natural no puede explicarla. En este ensayo desenmascaro los presupuestos erróneos de esta posición y defiendo que el altruismo como equidad no es incompatible con la selección natural. Rechazo una concepción hobbesiana de la moral, pero sugiero su empleo en la interpretación de la (...)
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  4. Psychological and Evolutionary Evidence for Altruism.Alejandro Rosas - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy 17 (1):93-107.
    Sober and Wilson have recently claimed that evolutionary theory can do what neither philosophy nor experimental psychology have been able to, namely, "break the deadlock" in the egoism vs. altruism debate with an argument based on the reliability of altruistic motivation. I analyze both their reliability argument and the experimental evidence of social psychology in favor of altruism in terms of the folk-psychological "laws" and inference patterns underlying them, and conclude that they both rely on the same patterns. I expose (...)
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  5.  47
    The Return of Reciprocity: A Psychological Approach to the Evolution of Cooperation.Alejandro Rosas - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (4):555-566.
    Recent developments in evolutionary game theory argue the superiority of punishment over reciprocity as accounts of large-scale human cooperation. I introduce a distinction between a behavioral and a psychological perspective on reciprocity and punishment to question this view. I examine a narrow and a wide version of a psychological mechanism for reciprocity and conclude that a narrow version is clearly distinguishable from punishment, but inadequate for humans; whereas a wide version is applicable to humans but indistinguishable from punishment. The mechanism (...)
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  6. Reciprocity, Altruism and the Civil Society: In Praise of Heterogeneity , Luigino Bruni. Routledge, 2008, XIII + 158 Pages. [REVIEW]Alejandro Rosas - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (1):108-114.
    Economic theory has tended to reduce all social bonds and relations to forms of contract, whereas social theory has seen contracts as opposed to, and destructive of, genuine social bonds. Bruni sees these contrapositions as ideological (‘left’ against ‘right’, p. xi). His main goal is to overcome them; to show that three forms of reciprocity, covering the ideological spectrum from left to right, are complementary and simultaneously required in a healthy society. These three forms are, in his words: ‘(1) the (...)
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  7.  62
    Beyond the Sociobiological Dilemma: Social Emotions and the Evolution of Morality.Alejandro Rosas - 2007 - Zygon 42 (3):685-700.
    Is morality biologically altruistic? Does it imply a disadvantage in the struggle for existence? A positive answer puts morality at odds with natural selection, unless natural selection operates at the level of groups. In this case, a trait that is good for groups though bad for individuals can evolve. Sociobiologists reject group selection and have adopted one of two horns of a dilemma. Either morality is based on an egoistic calculus, compatible with natural selection; or morality continues tied to psychological (...)
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  8.  38
    Las emociones morales como adaptaciones para la cooperación en dilemas sociales.Alejandro Rosas - 2007 - Ludus Vitalis 15 (28):97-118.
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  9.  36
    Mind Reading, Deception and the Evolution of Kantian Moral Agents.Alejandro Rosas - 2004 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 34 (2):127–139.
    Classical evolutionary explanations of social behavior classify behaviors from their effects, not from their underlying mechanisms. Here lies a potential objection against the view that morality can be explained by such models, e.g. Trivers’reciprocal altruism. However, evolutionary theory reveals a growing interest in the evolution of psychological mechanisms and factors them in as selective forces. This opens up perspectives for evolutionary approaches to problems that have traditionally worried moral philosophers. Once the ability to mind-read is factored-in among the relevant variables (...)
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  10.  31
    La evolución de la moral contractual.Alejandro Rosas - 2011 - Ideas Y Valores 60 (147):209-222.
    Las explicaciones evolucionarias del altruismo y la cooperación humana, inauguradas por pioneros como Darwin, Hamilton y Trivers, sugieren que la biología podría eventualmente construir una explicación científica plausible de un núcleo de la moralidad humana. Según este proyecto, la moralidad y la ..
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  11.  95
    Multilevel Selection and Human Altruism.Alejandro Rosas - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (2):205-215.
    Views on the evolution of altruism based upon multilevel selection on structured populations pay little attention to the difference between fortuitous and deliberate processes leading to assortative grouping. Altruism may evolve when assortative grouping is fortuitously produced by forces external to the organism. But when it is deliberately produced by the same proximate mechanism that controls altruistic responses, as in humans, exploitation of altruists by selfish individuals is unlikely and altruism evolves as an individually advantageous trait. Groups formed with altruists (...)
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  12.  28
    Towards a Unified Theory of Reciprocity.Alejandro Rosas & Francesco Guala - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (1):36.
    In a unified theory of human reciprocity, the strong and weak forms are similar because neither is biologically altruistic and both require normative motivation to support cooperation. However, strong reciprocity is necessary to support cooperation in public goods games. It involves inflicting costs on defectors; and though the costs for punishers are recouped, recouping costs requires complex institutions that would not have emerged if weak reciprocity had been enough.
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  13.  21
    Kant y la ciencia natural de los organismos.Alejandro Rosas - 2008 - Ideas Y Valores 57 (137):5-23.
    En la filosofía kantiana la explicación de los organismos, como ejemplos de diseño complejo, es un problema de difícil solución. Como entidades materiales deberían ser explicables por leyes mecánicas. Por su diseño, exigen una explicación por causas finales. Ambas explicaciones son inaceptables. Per..
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  14.  17
    Selección natural Y moralidad.Alejandro Rosas - 2006 - Ideas Y Valores 55 (132):53-73.
    Resumen: En este ensayo abordo los intentos, relativamente recientes, de dar una explicación de la moralidad como adaptación por selección natural. Mi exposición tiene una introducción y cuatro partes: en la primera explico en qué consiste la paradoja del altruismo biológico. En la segunda expongo l..
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  15.  15
    El conflicto entre lo racional y lo irracional en los fundamentos de la filosofía de la historia según Kant.Alejandro Rosas - 1990 - Areté. Revista de Filosofía 2 (2):261-279.
    La filosofía se ha preocupado desde susorígenes por el sentido de la vida humana. Estapreocupación es la que subyace a la "Filosofíade la Historia", disciplina que surge en laépoca moderna con la pregunta por la existencia o inexistencia de un progreso en la historia. Autores como Kant consideran que el progreso,para poder valer como tal, ha de aconteceren el terreno de lo moral, sobre todo en sus manifestaciones sociales externas, es decir, enla realización del derecho natural en las formasconcretas de (...)
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  16.  29
    Levels of Selection in Synergy.Alejandro Rosas - 2009 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 28 (2):135-150.
    Individual and group selection are usually conceived as opposed evolutionary processes. Though cases of synergy are occasionally recognized, the evolutionary importance of synergy is largely ignored. However, synergy is the plausible explanation for the evolution of collectives as higher level individuals i.e., collectives acting as adaptive units, e.g., genomes and colonies of social insects. It rests on the suppression of the predictable tendency of evolutionary units to benefit at the expense of other units or of the wholes they contribute to (...)
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  17.  17
    El efecto knobe: asimetrías en la atribuición de intencionalidad y sus causas.Alejandro Rosas - 2013 - Manuscrito 36 (2):311-341.
  18.  12
    Disentangling Social Preferences From Group Selection.Alejandro Rosas - 2011 - Biological Theory 6 (2):169-175.
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  19. Etica y ontología.Alejandro Rosas - 1992 - Universitas Philosophica 17:83-92.
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  20.  8
    The Evolution of Contractual Morality.Alejandro Rosas - 2011 - Ideas Y Valores 60 (147):209-222.
    Evolutionary explanations of altruism and human cooperation, first set forth by pioneers such as Darwin, Hamilton and Trivers, suggest that biology might be capable of offering a plausible scientific explanation of the core of human morality. According to this project, morality and human cooperation arise when resourcesare scarce; they cannot be exploited by isolated individuals; and individuals cannot maintain a long-term position of domination over others in order to advance their selfish ends. An important philosophical question that arises with respect (...)
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  21.  11
    Jullien, François. El rodeo y el ac.Juan Diego Morales & Alejandro Rosas - 2012 - Ideas Y Valores 61 (150).
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  22.  9
    Reseña de "La evolución y la verdad desnuda. Un enfoque darwinista de la filosofía" de Gonzalo Munévar.Alejandro Rosas - 2009 - Ideas Y Valores 58 (139):202-208.
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  23.  9
    Harm, Reciprocity and the Moral Domain.Alejandro Rosas - 2013 - In Vassilios Karakostas & Dennis Dieks (eds.), Epsa11 Perspectives and Foundational Problems in Philosophy of Science. Springer. pp. 493--502.
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  24.  7
    Diéguez Lucena, Antonio. La evolución del conocimiento. De la mente animal a la mente humana. Madrid: Editorial Biblioteca Nueva, 2011. 240 pp. [REVIEW]Alejandro Rosas & Juan Diego Morales - 2012 - Ideas Y Valores 61 (150):289-298.
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  25.  7
    Argumentos trascendentales y la refutación kantiana del idealismo.Alejandro Rosas - 1990 - Ideas Y Valores 82 (82):33-50.
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  26.  5
    Munévar, Gonzalo.“Enfoque biológico a la filosofía de la ciencia”, Eidos 7. Barranquilla: Universidad del Norte.(2007): 110-127. [REVIEW]Alejandro Rosas - 2007 - Ideas Y Valores 56 (135):143-144.
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  27.  7
    Diéguez Lucena, Antonio. La evolución del conocimiento. De la mente animal a la mente humana.Morales Juan Diego & Alejandro Rosas - 2012 - Ideas Y Valores 61 (150):289-298.
    Se busca rastrear la imagen que Platón tiene de Heráclito y articularla con la estructura argumentativa del Cratilo, para comprender las necesidades textuales a las que responde la doctrina del flujo perpetuo, es decir, la discusión sobre la corrección (ὀρθότης) del nombre. Gracias a la inclusión del testimonio heraclíteo, resulta posible rastrear la presunta consolidación de la tesis sobre los nombres primarios y los secundarios como el eje de la separación entre dos planos de realidad (uno estable y uno móvil) (...)
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  28.  4
    Aprioridad y subjetividad: las dos caras de la" Crítica de la Razón Pura": defensa de una tesis de Strawson.Alejandro Rosas - 1992 - Ideas Y Valores 87:41-58.
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  29.  3
    Kant, espíritus y noúmenos.Alejandro Rosas - 2001 - Ideas Y Valores:29-42.
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  30.  3
    Universalización Moral y Prudencia En Kant.Alejandro Rosas - 1996 - Ideas Y Valores 102:104-111.
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  31.  3
    William A., Rottschaefer. The Biology and Psychology of Moral Agency, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1998.293 P. Isbn 0-521-59265-8. [REVIEW]Alejandro Rosas - 2008 - Ideas Y Valores 113.
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  32.  3
    Utilitarian Decision or Random Decision? Critique of a Thesis Rooted in Cognitive Neuroscience.Alejandro Rosas & Caviedes - 2013 - Ideas Y Valores 62 (153):179-199.
    RESUMEN Diversos estudios han concluido que los pacientes con daño en la Corteza Frontal -CF- o Corteza Prefrontal Ventromedial -CPV- muestran una disposición a herir directamente a otra persona con el fin de salvar varias vidas en sus respuestas a los "dilemas morales personales", revelando una posible carencia de empatía. No obstante, cuando evalúan conductas carentes de empatía sin justificación utilitarista, sus respuestas son normales. Defendemos aquí que los pacientes sufren una deficiencia cognitiva relacionada con la hipótesis de marcador somático (...)
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  33.  5
    A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and its Evolution.Alejandro Rosas - 2013 - Revista de Filosofia Aurora 25 (423):343.
  34. El análisis del lenguaje moral en la teoría kantiana de la libertad.Alejandro Rosas - 1998 - Revista Venezolana de Filosofía 38:81-100.
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  35.  4
    Filosofía moral del naturalismo.Alejandro Rosas - 1998 - Ideas Y Valores 106:122-135.
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  36.  3
    Fenómeno, noúmeno y mente en Kant.Alejandro Rosas - 1996 - Areté. Revista de Filosofía 8 (1):65-80.
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  37.  2
    La justificación biológica de la moral: modelos y perspectivas.Alejandro Rosas - 2002 - Ideas Y Valores 118:17-34.
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  38.  2
    Reciprocity, Altruism and the Civil Society: In Praise of Heterogeneity, Bruni Luigino. Routledge, 2008, Xiii + 158 Pages. [REVIEW]Alejandro Rosas - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (1):108-114.
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  39.  2
    El grito de libertad del pensamiento.Alejandro Rosas - 1997 - Ideas Y Valores 104:96-98.
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  40.  1
    Mistakes To Avoid In Attacking The Moral/Conventional Distinction.Alejandro Rosas - 2012 - Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 7 (1).
    In an experimental critique of the moral/conventional distinction, Kelly et al. present new experimental data about responses to transgressions involving harm, where the novelty is that transgressors are grown-ups, rather than children. Their data do not support the moral/conventional distinction. The contrast between grown-up and schoolyard transgressions does not seem, however, to explain their results: they also use two schoolyard transgressions with similar negative results for the M/C distinction.I here attempt to explain away their results by calling attention to two (...)
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  41. Reseñas. [REVIEW]William Duica & Alejandro Rosas - 1998 - Ideas Y Valores 47:96-103.
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  42. La evolución del conocimiento. De la mente animal a la mente humana. [REVIEW]Juan Morales & Alejandro Rosas - 2012 - Ideas Y Valores 61 (150):289-298.
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  43. Disentangling Social Preferences From Group Selection: Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis: A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and its Evolution, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 2011, 288 Pp, $35.00 Hbk, ISBN 978-0691151250 (Essay Review). [REVIEW]Alejandro Rosas - 2011 - Biological Theory 6 (2):169-175.
     
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  44. ¿decisión Utilitarista O Decisión Aleatoria?: Crítica a una tesis atrincherada en la neurociencia cognitiva.Alejandro Rosas, Esteban Caviedes, Maria Alejandra Arciniegas Gomez & Andrea Arciniegas Gomez - 2013 - Ideas Y Valores 62 (153):179-199.
    Diversos estudios han concluido que los pacientes con daño en la Corteza Frontal –CF– o Corteza Prefrontal Ventromedial –CPV– muestran una disposición a herir directamente a otra persona con el fin de salvar varias vidas en sus respuestas a los “dilemas morales personales”, revelando una posible carencia de empatía. No obstante, cuando evalúan conductas carentes de empatía sin justificación utilitarista, sus respuestas son normales. Defendemos aquí que los pacientes sufren una deficiencia cognitiva relacionada con la hipótesis de marcador somático de (...)
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  45. Kant and the Natural Science of Organisms.Alejandro Rosas - 2008 - Ideas Y Valores 57 (137):5-23.
    Regarding the explanation of organisms as instances of complex design, Kantian philosophy faces a difficult problem: as material entities they should be explained through mechanical laws, but because of their design, they call for an explanation through final causes. Nonetheless, both explanations are unacceptable. Does Kant offer any way out? Part of his solution is that both teleology and mechanicism must apply as regulative principles. But this implies limiting mechanicism to a regulative idea, which is inconsistent with his claim that (...)
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  46. La Función De La Razón En El Naturalismo Moral De Hume.Alejandro Rosas - 1998 - Ideas Y Valores 47:75-86.
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  47. La moral y sus sombras: la racionalidad instrumental y la evolución de las normas de equidad.Alejandro Rosas - 2005 - Crítica: Revista Hispanoamericana de Filosofía 37 (110):79-104.
    Los sociobiólogos han defendido una posición "calvinista" que se resume en la siguiente fórmula: si la selección natural explica las actitudes morales, no hay altruismo genuino en la moral; si la moral es altruista, entonces la selección natural no puede explicarla. En este ensayo desenmascaro los presupuestos erróneos de esta posición y defiendo que el altruismo como equidad no es incompatible con la selección natural. Rechazo una concepción hobbesiana de la moral, pero sugiero su empleo en la interpretación de la (...)
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  48. Natural Selection and Morality.Alejandro Rosas - 2006 - Ideas Y Valores 55:53-73.
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  49. Prometer en falso: la contradicción práctica y el imperativo categórico.Alejandro Rosas - 1997 - Ideas Y Valores 46:86-93.
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  50. Review. [REVIEW]Alejandro Rosas - 2009 - Critica 41 (123):162-170.
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