Results for 'Jonathan J. Sanford'

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  1.  90
    Are You Man Enough? Aristotle and Courage.Jonathan J. Sanford - 2010 - International Philosophical Quarterly 50 (4):431-445.
    There are four features to Aristotle’s account of courage that appear peculiar when compared to our own intuitions about this virtue: his account of courage seems not, on its surface, to fit a eudaimonist model, courage is restricted to a surprisingly small number of actions, this restriction, among other things, excludes women and non-combatant men from ever exercising this virtue, and courage is counted as virtuous because of its nobility and beauty. In this paper I explore Aristotle’s account of courage (...)
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  2.  41
    Review of “Aristotle's Ethics”. [REVIEW]Jonathan J. Sanford - 2002 - Essays in Philosophy 3 (1):4.
    Bostock’s Aristotle’s Ethics is a commentary on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Although there are other ethical writings within the Aristotelian corpus, referring to the Nicomachean Ethics as Aristotle’s Ethics seems warranted: the Nicomachean Ethics has long been regarded as Aristotle’s most mature ethical work, and it is certainly his most thorough one. Bostock’s commentary is of interest as an interpretation and as a critical appraisal of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. In what follows I discuss Bostock’s general assessment of the Nicomachean Ethics , (...)
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  3.  64
    Scheler on Feeling and Values.Jonathan J. Sanford - 2002 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 76:165-181.
    Max Scheler argues that there is much to learn about reality through faculties that lie beyond the boundary of reason. In his Formalism in Ethics and Non-Formal Ethics of Values, Scheler explores values (Werte), awareness of which depends primarily on affective receptivity rather than rational perceptionof the world. This essay explores the possibility of affective insight in light of Scheler’s analysis of values. Scheler’s notion of values as moral facts is first examined, next consideration is given to how we learn (...)
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  4.  42
    Aristotle's Divided Mind.Jonathan J. Sanford - 2006 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 80:77-90.
    In this paper I focus on a few of the passages in the Nicomachean Ethics that challenge the standard hylomorphic interpretation of Aristotle’s anthropology. I proceed by reflecting on the manner in which Aristotle’s two ways of characterizing the human person follow from his accounts of the two most important intellectual virtues, phronesis and sophia. I attempt to argue for the following three points: first, that Aristotle’s presentation of a divided mind is the result of his consistency rather than inconsistency; (...)
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  5.  35
    Rethinking Virtue Ethics. By Michael Winter.Jonathan J. Sanford - 2013 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 87 (1):216-218.
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  6.  25
    Confronting Aristotle's Ethics.Jonathan J. Sanford - 2009 - International Philosophical Quarterly 49 (1):107-109.
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  7.  35
    Reading Anselm's Proslogion.Jonathan J. Sanford - 2011 - International Philosophical Quarterly 51 (1):113-115.
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  8.  32
    Scheler Versus Scheler.Jonathan J. Sanford - 2005 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 79 (1):145-161.
    Scheler’s theory of the person is at the center of his philosophy and one of the most celebrated of his achievements. It is somewhat surprising, then, that a straightforward and sufficient account of the person is missing from his works, an omission felt most keenly in that work which is in large measure dedicated to forging a new personalism: The Formalism in Ethics and Non-Formal Ethics of Values. In his explicit accounts of what a person is, Scheler stresses its spirituality (...)
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  9.  17
    Aristotle’s Divided Mind: Some Thoughts on Intellectual Virtue and Aristotle’s Occasional Dualism.Jonathan J. Sanford - 2006 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 80:77-90.
    In this paper I focus on a few of the passages in the Nicomachean Ethics that challenge the standard hylomorphic interpretation of Aristotle’s anthropology. I proceed by reflecting on the manner in which Aristotle’s two ways of characterizing the human person follow from his accounts of the two most important intellectual virtues, phronesis and sophia. I attempt to argue for the following three points: first, that Aristotle’s presentation of a divided mind is the result of his consistency rather than inconsistency; (...)
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  10.  8
    Experiments in Ethics.Jonathan J. Sanford - 2010 - Quaestiones Disputatae 1 (1):264-267.
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  11.  14
    Review of “Teleology and the Norms of Nature”. [REVIEW]Jonathan J. Sanford - 2004 - Essays in Philosophy 5 (1):35.
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  12.  10
    Review of “Raskolnikov's Rebirth”. [REVIEW]Jonathan J. Sanford - 2003 - Essays in Philosophy 4 (1):7.
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  13.  15
    Deadly Vices.Jonathan J. Sanford - 2007 - Review of Metaphysics 61 (1):162-164.
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  14.  14
    Spider-Man and Philosophy: The Web of Inquiry.William Irwin & Jonathan J. Sanford (eds.) - 2012 - Wiley.
  15.  42
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Werner Menski, Carl Olson, William Cenkner, Anne E. Monius, Sarah Hodges, Jeffrey J. Kripal, Carol Salomon, Deepak Sarma, William Cenkner, John E. Cort, Peter A. Huff, Joseph A. Bracken, Larry D. Shinn, Jonathan S. Walters, Ellison Banks Findly, John Grimes, Loriliai Biernacki, David L. Gosling, Thomas Forsthoefel, Michael H. Fisher, Ian Barrow, Srimati Basu, Natalie Gummer, Pradip Bhattacharya, John Grimes, Heather T. Frazer, Elaine Craddock, Andrea Pinkney, Joseph Schaller, Michael W. Myers, Lise F. Vail, Wayne Howard, Bradley B. Burroughs, Shalva Weil, Joseph A. Bracken, Christopher W. Gowans, Dan Cozort, Katherine Janiec Jones, Carl Olson, M. D. McLean, A. Whitney Sanford, Sarah Lamb, Eliza F. Kent, Ashley Dawson, Amir Hussain, John Powers, Jennifer B. Saunders & Ramdas Lamb - 2005 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 9 (1-3):153-228.
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  16.  16
    Before Virtue: Assessing Contemporary Virtue Ethics. By Jonathan J. Sanford.Angela Knobel - 2017 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 91 (1):149-152.
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  17.  16
    Before Virtue: Assessing Contemporary Virtue Ethics. By Jonathan J. Sanford.Joseph W. Koterski - 2016 - International Philosophical Quarterly 56 (1):118-119.
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  18.  18
    Two Concepts of Education? A Reply to D. J. O'Connor.Ruth M. Jonathan - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 16 (2):147–154.
  19.  24
    Symposium Contribution on Events and Their Names by Jonathan Bennett.Review author[S.]: David H. Sanford - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (3):633-636.
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  20.  14
    Symposium Contribution on Events and Their Names by Jonathan Bennett.David H. Sanford - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (3):633 - 636.
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  21.  8
    Beauty and Sensibility in the Thought of Jonathan Edwards.W. A. J. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (2):343-343.
  22.  4
    Mélanges Joseph de Ghellinck, S. J.Eva Matthews Sanford - 1952 - Speculum 27 (4):563-567.
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  23.  11
    Begging the Question as Involving Actual Belief and Inconceivable Without It.David H. Sanford - 1988 - Metaphilosophy 19 (1):32–37.
    This article answers John Biro's "Knowability, Believability, and Begging the Question: a Reply to Sanford" in "Metaphilosophy" 15 (1984). Biro and I agree that of two argument instances with the same form and content, one but not the other can beg the question, depending on other factors. These factors include actual beliefs, or so I maintain (against Biro) with the help of some analysed examples. Brief selections from Archbishop Whatley and J S Mill suggest that they also regard reference (...)
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  24.  38
    Psychological Studies of Quantifiers.Anthony J. Sanford, Linda M. Moxey & Kevin Paterson - 1994 - Journal of Semantics 11 (3):153-170.
    In this paper we present a summary review of recent psychological studies which make a contribution to an understanding of how quantifiers are used. Until relatively recently, the contribution which psychology has made has been somewhat restricted. For example, the approach which has enjoyed the greatest popularity in psychology is explaining quantifiers as expressions which have fuzzy or vague projections on to mental scales of amount. Following Moxey & Sanford (1993a), this view is questioned. Experimental work is summarized showing (...)
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  25.  20
    Pronouns Without Explicit Antecedents?A. J. Sanford, S. Garrod, A. Lucas & R. Henderson - 1983 - Journal of Semantics 2 (3-4):303-318.
    Yule (1982) has argued that examples from speech show that pronouns may be interpreted nonreferentially. In the present paper, it is argued that pronouns elicit procedures for the identification of referents which are in explicit focus (Sanford and Garrod, 1981). Three experiments are offered in support of this view. The discussion centres on the need for carefully assessing the knowledge-states of listeners when pronouns are used in the absence of antecedents. It is proposed that felicitous use of pronouns without (...)
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  26.  9
    The Control of Attributional Patterns by the Focusing Properties of Quantifying Expressions.S. B. Barton & A. J. Sanford - 1990 - Journal of Semantics 7 (1):81-92.
    Recent evidence has shown that certain quantifiers (few, only a few) and quantifying adverbs (seldom, rarely) when used tend to make people think of reasons for the small proportions or low frequencies which they denote. Other expressions single out small proportions or low frequences, but do not lead to a focus on reasons (e. g. a few; occasionally). In the present paper, these observations are applied to the attribution of cause in short two–line vignettes which make reference to situations, and (...)
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  27.  7
    Matthew Effect or Ceiling Effect? A Cross-Society and Within-Society Comparison on the Evolution of the Digital Divide.Zhang Lun & J. H. Jonathan - 2013 - Science and Society 3:018.
  28.  62
    Depth of Processing in Language Comprehension: Not Noticing the Evidence.Anthony J. Sanford & Patrick Sturt - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (9):382-386.
  29.  37
    Perceiving Affect From Arm Movement.Frank E. Pollick, Helena M. Paterson, Armin Bruderlin & Anthony J. Sanford - 2001 - Cognition 82 (2):B51-B61.
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  30.  30
    Communicating Quantities: A Psychological Perspective (Essays in Cognitive Psychology).Linda M. Moxey & Anthony J. Sanford - 1993 - Psychology Press.
  31.  8
    Quantifiers and Focus.Linda M. Moxey & Anthony J. Sanford - 1986 - Journal of Semantics 5 (3):189-206.
    This paper concerns a neglected but potentially important aspect of natural language quantifiers. Certain quantifiers serve to identify various proportions of sets. Thus few, for example, identifies a smaller proportion of a set than many. However, different quantifiers may serve to identify similar proportions, yet produce somewhat different representations when they are used. The distinction between few and a few is considered in some detail, along with related expressions. It is claimed that these expressions serve to put into focus different (...)
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  32.  24
    Discourse Models as Interfaces Between Language and the Spatial World.Simon C. Garrod & Anthony J. Sanford - 1988 - Journal of Semantics 6 (1):147-160.
    This paper outlines an argument that the meaning of spatial terms depends critically upon our mental models of space. We argue that such models capture the functional geometry of spatial scenes to represent various control relations between the objects in the scene. The discussion centres around two analyses. First, an analysis of the spatial descriptions taken from task oriented dialogue, which seem to reflect a number of distinct mental models of the same visual scene, and secondly an analysis of simple (...)
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  33.  29
    Covariation and Quantifier Polarity: What Determines Causal Attribution in Vignettes?Asifa Majid, Anthony J. Sanford & Martin J. Pickering - 2006 - Cognition 99 (1):35-51.
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  34.  28
    The Mental Representation of Discourse in a Focussed Memory System: Implications for the Interpretation of Anaphoric Noun Phrases.S. C. Garrod & A. J. Sanford - 1982 - Journal of Semantics 1 (1):21-41.
    To a cognitive psychologist discourse comprehension poses a number of interesting problems both in terms of mental representation and mental operations. In this paper we suggest that certain of these problems can be brought into clear focus by employing a procedural approach to discourse description. In line with this approach a general framework for the mental representation of discourse is discussed in which distinctions between different types of memory partitions are proposed. It is argued that one needs to distinguish both (...)
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  35.  14
    Context, Attention and Depth of Processing During Interpretation.Anthony J. Sanford - 2002 - Mind and Language 17 (1-2):188–206.
    The contribution that a word makes to the meaning and interpretation of a sentence depends upon access to its meaning, and to general knowledge associated with the word. Evidence is presented to support the argument that accessing lexical meaning, as with general knowledge, is a graded affair. We argue that the contribution a word makes depends upon its relevance to the context, and to focus and related variables. Extensions of the argument are made to other aspects of language processing.
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  36.  51
    Good-Enough Representation in Plural and Singular Pronominal Reference: Modulating the Conjunction Cost.Sungryong Koh, A. Sanford, Charles Clifton Jr & Eugene J. Dawydiak - 2008 - In Jeanette K. Gundel & Nancy Ann Hedberg (eds.), Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Oxford University Press.
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  37.  13
    The Nature and Limits of Human Understanding.A. J. Sanford & P. N. Johnson-Laird (eds.) - 2003 - T & T Clark.
    This book is an exploration of human understanding, from the perspectives of psychology, philosophy, biology and theology. The six contributors are among the most internationally eminent in their fields. Though scholarly, the writing is non-technical. No background in psychology, philosophy or theology is presumed. No other interdisciplinary work has undertaken to explore the nature of human understanding. This book is unique, and highly significant for anyone interested in or concerned about the human condition.
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  38.  8
    Description Types and Method of Conjoining as Factors Influencing Plural Anaphora: A Continuation Study of Focus.A. J. Sanford & F. Lockhart - 1990 - Journal of Semantics 7 (4):365-378.
    An experiment is reported which investigates the impact of two variables on the likelihood of obtaining plural pronoun anaphors in a continuation task. The first variable is syntactic: the use of and versus with as a means of relating two singular characters. Use of and enhances the likelihood of obtaining a plural anaphor in continuations, but the incidence of plural is never as high as 60%. The second variable is description type: whether the characters are introduced through proper names (e. (...)
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  39.  2
    Context, Attention and Depth of Processing During Interpretation.Anthony J. Sanford - 2002 - Mind and Language 17 (1-2):188-206.
    The contribution that a word makes to the meaning and interpretation of a sentence depends upon access to its meaning, and to general knowledge associated with the word. Evidence is presented to support the argument that accessing lexical meaning, as with general knowledge, is a graded affair. We argue that the contribution a word makes depends upon its relevance to the context, and to focus and related variables. Extensions of the argument are made to other aspects of language processing.
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  40.  38
    Some Comments on 'the Society of Mind'.A. J. Sanford - 1986 - Journal of Semantics 5 (2):175-176.
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  41.  5
    The Use of Category Information in a Memory-Search Task.Barry L. Lively & Barry J. Sanford - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (2):379.
  42.  26
    Editorial Introduction: Psychology and Semantics.Linda M. Moxey & Anthony J. Sanford - 1994 - Journal of Semantics 11 (3):149-152.
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  43.  17
    Morality and the Human Goods.Jonathan Sanford - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 57 (2):406-407.
  44.  12
    Attention Bias and the Relation of Perception Lag to Simple Reaction Time.A. J. Sanford - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (3):443.
  45.  6
    Criterion Effects in Simple Reaction Time: Results with Stimulus Intensity and Duration Manipulations.A. J. Sanford - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (2):370.
  46.  4
    When is Cataphoric Reference Recognised?Ruth Filik & Anthony J. Sanford - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):1112-1121.
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  47. Categories: Historical and Systematic Essays.Michael Gorman & Jonathan Sanford (eds.) - 2004 - Catholic University of America Press.
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  48. Sid Kouider and Emmanuel Dupoux (Ehess/Cnrs) a Functional Disconnection Between Spoken and Visual Word Recognition: Evidence From Unconscious Priming, B35–B49.Cégep Montmorency, Jonas T. Kaplan, Eran Zaidel, Frank E. Pollick, M. Helena, Anthony J. Sanford, Hanako Yoshida, Linda B. Smith, F. -Xavier Alario & Alfonso Caramazza - 2002 - Cognition 82:281-283.
     
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  49. Complement Set Reference and Quantifiers.Linda M. Moxey & Anthony J. Sanford - 1998 - In M. A. Gernsbacher & S. J. Derry (eds.), Proceedings of the 20th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawerence Erlbaum. pp. 1--4.
     
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  50. Defining Embodiment in Understanding.Anthony J. Sanford - 2008 - In Manuel de Vega, Arthur Glenberg & Arthur Graesser (eds.), Symbols and Embodiment: Debates on Meaning and Cognition. Oxford University Press.
     
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