Results for 'Roberta Bivins'

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  1.  5
    Roberta Bivins, Alternative Medicine? A History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007. Pp. Xvii+238. ISBN 978-0-19-921887-5. £14.99. [REVIEW]Jacalyn Duffin - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Science 42 (2):284.
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  2.  3
    Roberta Bivins and John V. Pickstone Medicine, Madness and Social History: Essays in Honour of Roy Porter. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007. Pp. X+295. ISBN 978-0-203-52549-8. £55.00. [REVIEW]Roger Smith - 2008 - British Journal for the History of Science 41 (2):281-282.
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  3.  16
    Roberta Bivins, Contagious Communities: Medicine, Migration and the NHS in Post-War Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. Pp. 448. ISBN 978-0-19-872528-2. £35.00. [REVIEW]John Stewart - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Science 49 (3):507-508.
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  4.  3
    Compassion in Nursing: Solution or Stereotype?Stephanie Tierney, Roberta Bivins & Kate Seers - forthcoming - Nursing Inquiry:e12271.
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  5.  33
    Sex Cells: Gender and the Language of Bacterial Genetics. [REVIEW]Roberta Bivins - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (1):113 - 139.
    Between 1946 and 1960, a new phenomenon emerged in the field of bacteriology. "Bacterial sex," as it was called, revolutionized the study of genetics, largely by making available a whole new class of cheap, fast-growing, and easily manipulated organisms. But what was "bacterial sex?" How could single-celled organisms have "sex" or even be sexually differentiated? The technical language used in the scientific press -- the public and inalienable face of 20th century science -- to describe this apparently neuter organism was (...)
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  6.  32
    Ideology and Disease Identity: The Politics of Rickets, 1929–1982.Roberta Bivins - 2014 - Medical Humanities 40 (1):3-10.
    How can we assess the reciprocal impacts of politics and medicine in the contemporary period? Using the example of rickets in twentieth century Britain, I will explore the ways in which a preventable, curable non-infectious disease came to have enormous political significance, first as a symbol of socioeconomic inequality, then as evidence of racial and ethnic health disparities. Between the 1920s and 1980s, clinicians, researchers, health workers, members of Parliament and later Britain's growing South Asian ethnic communities repeatedly confronted the (...)
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  7.  9
    Expectations and Expertise: Early British Responses to Chinese Medicine.Roberta Bivins - 1999 - History of Science 37 (118):459-489.
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  8.  33
    Christopher Hamlin, Cholera: The Biography. Oxford University Press, 2009. Pp X+344. ISBN 978-0-19-954624-4. £12.99 .Mark Jackson, Asthma: The Biography. Oxford University Press, 2009. Pp Xi+249. ISBN 978-0-19-923795-1. £12.99 .Andrew Scull, Hysteria: The Biography. Oxford University Press, 2009. Pp Vii+223. ISBN 978-0-19-956096-7. £12.99 .Robert Tattersall, Diabetes: The Biography. Oxford University Press, 2009. Pp X+229. ISBN 978-0-19-954136-2. £12.99. [REVIEW]Roberta Bivins - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Science 43 (3):476-478.
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  9.  4
    Commentary: Serving the Nation, Serving the People: Echoes of War in the Early NHS.Roberta Bivins - 2020 - Medical Humanities 46 (2):154-156.
    It is something of a cliché to speak of Britain as having been transformed by the traumas of World War II and by its aftermath. From the advent of the ‘cradle to grave’ Welfare State to the end of empire, the effects of total war were enduring. Typically, they have been explored in relation to demographic, socioeconomic, technological and geopolitical trends and events. Yet as the articles in this volume observe across a variety of examples, World War II affected individuals, (...)
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  10.  15
    M ARK H ARRISON, Disease and the Modern World: 1500 to the Present Day. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2004. Pp. Vi+270. ISBN 0-7456-2810-9. £17.99, $26.95 . K ENNETH F. K IPLE , The Cambridge Historical Dictionary of Disease. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. Pp. Xiii+412. ISBN 0-521-53026-1. £19.95, $27.00. [REVIEW]Roberta Bivins - 2006 - British Journal for the History of Science 39 (2):282-283.
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  11.  17
    The Missionary’s Egg.Roberta Bivins - 2006 - Metascience 15 (3):507-509.
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  12.  26
    W. F. Bynum, Anne Hardy, Stephen Jacyna, Christopher Lawrence and E. M. Tansey, The Western Medical Tradition 1800 to 2000. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Pp. Xiii+614. ISBN 0-5214-7565-5. £19.99, $29.99. [REVIEW]Roberta Bivins - 2008 - British Journal for the History of Science 41 (2).
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  13.  2
    Weighing on Us All? Quantification and Cultural Responses to Obesity in NHS Britain.Roberta Bivins - 2020 - History of Science 58 (2):216-242.
    How do cultures of self-quantification intersect with the modern state, particularly in relation to medical provision and health promotion? Here I explore the ways in which British practices and representations of body weight and weight management ignored or interacted with the National Health Service between 1948 and 2004. Through the lens of overweight, I examine health citizenship in the context of universal health provision funded from general taxation, and track attitudes toward “overweight” once its health implications and medical costs affected (...)
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  14. Book Review: Roberta Piazza, Louann Haarman and Anne Carbon (Eds), Values and Choices in Television Discourse: A View From Both Sides of the Screen. [REVIEW]Roberta Facchinetti - 2017 - Discourse and Communication 11 (4):433-436.
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  15.  9
    Roberta Dreon (Università degli Studi di Venezia) Merleau-Ponty. una concezione non soggettocentrica dell’empatia?Roberta Dreon - 2012 - Chiasmi International 14:439-449.
    Merleau-Ponty. Une conception de l’empathie non centrée sur le sujet?Cet article étudie l’émergence du terme « empathie » dans les textes de Merleau-Ponty. Il souligne que le concept n’est pas avant tout présenté comme une catégorie épistémologique, remettant en question si et comment nous pouvons éventuellement connaître les autres. Au contraire, il est conçu comme une catégorie ontologique, pour dire notre appartenance à une nature commune. De ce point de vue, il propose une façon sensible pour comprendre les autres, basée (...)
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  16.  57
    Roberta Dreon (Università degli Studi di Venezia) Merleau-Ponty. una concezione non soggettocentrica dell’empatia?Roberta Dreon - 2012 - Chiasmi International 14:439-449.
    Merleau-Ponty. Une conception de l’empathie non centrée sur le sujet?Cet article étudie l’émergence du terme « empathie » dans les textes de Merleau-Ponty. Il souligne que le concept n’est pas avant tout présenté comme une catégorie épistémologique, remettant en question si et comment nous pouvons éventuellement connaître les autres. Au contraire, il est conçu comme une catégorie ontologique, pour dire notre appartenance à une nature commune. De ce point de vue, il propose une façon sensible pour comprendre les autres, basée (...)
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  17.  24
    A Spot News Approach to Newsroom Ethics: A Book Review by Tom Bivins[REVIEW]Tom Bivins - 1995 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 10 (3):185 – 187.
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  18. Book Review: Doing Ethics to Doing Ethics: Review by Thomas H. Bivins[REVIEW]Thomas H. Bivins - 1994 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 9 (1):59 – 61.
     
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  19.  19
    Are Liberated Companies a Concrete Application of Sen’s Capability Approach?Roberta Sferrazzo & Renato Ruffini - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 170 (2):329-342.
    The capability approach developed by Amartya Sen focuses on the enhancement of people’s capabilities, i.e. their real freedom to choose a life course they have reason to value. Applying the CA to the organizational context, the focus of human resource management is transformed, shifting away from the needs of the organization to the freedoms of the individual. This shift happens also inside the so-called ‘liberated companies,’ firms with an organizational form that allows employees the complete freedom, along with the responsibility, (...)
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  20. Natural Selection as a Population-Level Causal Process.Roberta L. Millstein - 2006 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (4):627-653.
    Recent discussions in the philosophy of biology have brought into question some fundamental assumptions regarding evolutionary processes, natural selection in particular. Some authors argue that natural selection is nothing but a population-level, statistical consequence of lower-level events (Matthen and Ariew [2002]; Walsh et al. [2002]). On this view, natural selection itself does not involve forces. Other authors reject this purely statistical, population-level account for an individual-level, causal account of natural selection (Bouchard and Rosenberg [2004]). I argue that each of these (...)
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  21.  69
    Did People in the Middle Ages Know That the Earth Was Flat?Roberta Colonna Dahlman - 2016 - Acta Analytica 31 (2):139-152.
    The goal of this paper is to explore the presuppositionality of factive verbs, with special emphasis on the verbs know and regret. The hypothesis put forward here is that the factivity related to know and the factivity related to regret are two different phenomena, as the former is a semantic implication that is licensed by the conventional meaning of know, while the latter is a purely pragmatic phenomenon that arises conversationally. More specifically, it is argued that know is factive in (...)
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  22.  66
    Taking Stock of Accounting Ethics Scholarship: A Review of the Journal Literature. [REVIEW]Roberta Bampton & Christopher J. Cowton - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 114 (3):549-563.
    The proportion of business ethics literature devoted to accounting and the proportion of academic accounting literature devoted to ethical issues are both small, yet over the past two decades there has been a steady accumulation of research devoted to ethical issues in accounting. Based on a database of more than 500 articles gathered from a wide range of accounting and business ethics academic journals, this paper describes and analyses the characteristics of what has been published in the past 20 years (...)
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  23. Lynn Hershman and the Creation of Multiple Robertas.Roberta Mock - 2012 - In Susan Broadhurst & Josephine Machon (eds.), Identity, Performance and Technology: Practices of Empowerment, Embodiment and Technicity. Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  24.  23
    An Integrative Approach to Understanding Counterproductive Work Behavior: The Roles of Stressors, Negative Emotions, and Moral Disengagement.Roberta Fida, Marinella Paciello, Carlo Tramontano, Reid Griffith Fontaine, Claudio Barbaranelli & Maria Luisa Farnese - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 130 (1):131-144.
    Several scholars have highlighted the importance of examining moral disengagement in understanding aggression and deviant conduct across different contexts. The present study investigates the role of MD as a specific social-cognitive construct that, in the organizational context, may intervene in the process leading from stressors to counterproductive work behavior. Assuming the theoretical framework of the stressor-emotion model of CWB, we hypothesized that MD mediates, at least partially, the relation between negative emotions in reaction to perceived stressors and CWB by promoting (...)
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  25. Are Random Drift and Natural Selection Conceptually Distinct?Roberta L. Millstein - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy 17 (1):33-53.
    The latter half of the twentieth century has been marked by debates in evolutionary biology over the relative significance of natural selection and random drift: the so-called “neutralist/selectionist” debates. Yet John Beatty has argued that it is difficult, if not impossible, to distinguish the concept of random drift from the concept of natural selection, a claim that has been accepted by many philosophers of biology. If this claim is correct, then the neutralist/selectionist debates seem at best futile, and at worst, (...)
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  26.  4
    The ‘Agapic Behaviors’: Reconciling Organizational Citizenship Behavior with the Reward System.Roberta Sferrazzo - 2021 - Humanistic Management Journal 6 (1):19-35.
    Current corporate systems risk generating inequality among workers, insofar as they concentrate only on economic results by favoring, through the incentive and award system, only what can be seen, produced, and measured. As such, these systems are unable to recognize workers’ agapic behaviors – similar to the ones considered in organizational citizenship behavior literature – that cannot be quantified, i.e. workers’ generosity, humanity, kindness, compassion, help for others and mercy. Although these types of behaviors may appear unproductive or irrational, they (...)
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  27.  3
    The ‘Agapic Behaviors’: Reconciling Organizational Citizenship Behavior with the Reward System.Roberta Sferrazzo - 2021 - Humanistic Management Journal 6 (1):19-35.
    Current corporate systems risk generating inequality among workers, insofar as they concentrate only on economic results by favoring, through the incentive and award system, only what can be seen, produced, and measured. As such, these systems are unable to recognize workers’ agapic behaviors – similar to the ones considered in organizational citizenship behavior literature – that cannot be quantified, i.e. workers’ generosity, humanity, kindness, compassion, help for others and mercy. Although these types of behaviors may appear unproductive or irrational, they (...)
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  28.  28
    Embeddedness in Action: Saffron and the Making of the Local in Southern Tuscany. [REVIEW]Roberta Sonnino - 2007 - Agriculture and Human Values 24 (1):61-74.
    Despite the widespread use of the concept of embeddedness in the literature on agri-food networks, not much has been written on the process through which a food economy becomes embedded. To explore this dynamic and contribute to a more critical perspective on the meanings and implications of embeddedness in the context of food, this paper analyzes the emergence of saffron as a local food network in southern Tuscany. By adopting a constructivist approach, the analysis shows that embeddedness assumes simultaneously a (...)
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  29.  8
    Understanding the Interplay Among Regulatory Self-Efficacy, Moral Disengagement, and Academic Cheating Behaviour During Vocational Education: A Three-Wave Study.Roberta Fida, Carlo Tramontano, Marinella Paciello, Valerio Ghezzi & Claudio Barbaranelli - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 153 (3):725-740.
    The literature has suggested that to understand the diffusion of unethical conduct in the workplace, it is important to investigate the underlying processes sustaining engagement in misbehaviour and to study what occurs during vocational education. Drawing on social-cognitive theory, in this study, we longitudinally examined the role of two opposite dimensions of the self-regulatory moral system, regulatory self-efficacy and moral disengagement, in influencing academic cheating behaviour. In addition, in line with the theories highlighting the bidirectional relationship between cognitive processes and (...)
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  30.  72
    Populations as Individuals.Roberta L. Millstein - 2009 - Biological Theory 4 (3):267-273.
    Biologists studying ecology and evolution use the term “population” in many different ways. Yet little philosophical analysis of the concept has been done, either by biologists or philosophers, in contrast to the voluminous literature on the concept of “species.” This is in spite of the fact that “population” is arguably a far more central concept in ecological and evolutionary studies than “species” is. The fact that such a central concept has been employed in so many different ways is potentially problematic (...)
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  31. The Ethics of Genetic Engineering.Roberta M. Berry - 2007 - Routledge.
    Human genetic engineering may soon be possible. The gathering debate about this prospect already threatens to become mired in irresolvable disagreement. After surveying the scientific and technological developments that have brought us to this pass, _The Ethics of Genetic Engineering_ focuses on the ethical and policy debate, noting the deep divide that separates proponents and opponents. The book locates the source of this divide in differing framing assumptions: reductionist pluralist on one side, holist communitarian on the other. The book argues (...)
     
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  32.  24
    Framing Cognition: Dewey’s Potential Contributions to Some Enactivist Issues.Roberta Dreon - 2019 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 1):485-506.
    It is well known that John Dewey was very far from embracing the traditional idea of cognition as something happening inside one’s own mind and consisting in a pictorial representation of the alleged purely external reality out there. His position was largely convergent with enactivist accounts of cognition as something based in life and consisting in human actions within a natural environment. The paper considers Dewey’s conception of cognition by focusing on its potential contributions to the current debate with enactivism. (...)
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  33.  45
    How Toddlers Begin to Learn Verbs.Roberta Michnick Golinkoff & Kathy Hirsh-Pasek - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (10):397-403.
  34.  93
    Thinking About Populations and Races in Time.Roberta L. Millstein - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 52:5-11.
    Biologists and philosophers have offered differing concepts of biological race. That is, they have offered different candidates for what a biological correlate of race might be; for example, races might be subspecies, clades, lineages, ecotypes, or genetic clusters. One thing that is striking about each of these proposals is that they all depend on a concept of population. Indeed, some authors have explicitly characterized races in terms of populations. However, including the concept of population into concepts of race raises three (...)
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  35. Introduction: Perception Without Representation.Keith Wilson & Roberta Locatelli - 2017 - Topoi 36 (2):197-212.
  36.  25
    Ethical Consumption and New Business Models in the Food Industry. Evidence From the Eataly Case.Roberta Sebastiani, Francesca Montagnini & Daniele Dalli - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 114 (3):473-488.
    Individual and collective ethical stances regarding ethical consumption and related outcomes are usually seen as both a form of concern about extant market offerings and as opportunities to develop new offerings. In this sense, demand and supply are traditionally portrayed as interacting dialectically on the basis of extant business models. In general, this perspective implicitly assumes the juxtaposition of demand side ethical stances and supply side corporate initiatives. The Eataly story describes, however, a different approach to market transformation; in this (...)
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  37.  47
    Is Aldo Leopold's 'Land Community' an Individual?Roberta L. Millstein - 2018 - In O. Bueno, R. Chen & M. B. Fagan (eds.), Individuation, Process, and Scientific Practices. Oxford University Press. pp. 279-302.
    The “land community” (or “biotic community”) that features centrally in Aldo Leopold’s Land Ethic has typically been equated with the concept of “ecosystem.” Moreover, some have challenged this central Leopoldean concept given the multitude of meanings of the term “ecosystem” and the changes the term has undergone since Leopold’s time (see, e.g., Shrader-Frechette 1996). Even one of Leopold’s primary defenders, J. Baird Callicott, asserts that there are difficulties in identifying the boundaries of ecosystems and suggests that we recognize that their (...)
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  38.  76
    Public Relations, Professionalism, and the Public Interest.Thomas H. Bivins - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (2):117 - 126.
    The public interest statement contained in the PRSA Code of Professional Standards is unduly vague and provides neither a working definition of public interest nor any guidance for the performance of what most professions consider to be a primary value. This paper addresses the question of what might constitute public relations service in the public interest, and calls for more stringent guidelines to be developed whereby the profession may advance its service goals more clearly.
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  39.  77
    The Concepts of Population and Metapopulation in Evolutionary Biology and Ecology.Roberta L. Millstein - 2010 - In M. A. Bell, D. J. Futuyma, W. F. Eanes & J. S. Levinton (eds.), Evolution Since Darwin: The First 150 Years. Sinauer.
    This paper aims to illustrate one of the primary goals of the philosophy of biology⎯namely, the examination of central concepts in biological theory and practice⎯through an analysis of the concepts of population and metapopulation in evolutionary biology and ecology. I will first provide a brief background for my analysis, followed by a characterization of my proposed concepts: the causal interactionist concepts of population and metapopulation. I will then illustrate how the concepts apply to six cases that differ in their population (...)
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  40.  90
    Does a 'Care Orientation' Explain Gender Differences in Ethical Decision Making? A Critical Analysis and Fresh Findings.Roberta Bampton & Patrick Maclagan - 2009 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 18 (2):179-191.
    Over the past two decades there has been a great deal of research conducted into the question of gender differences in ethical decision making in organisations. Much of this has been based on questionnaire surveys, typically asking respondents (often students, sometimes professionals) to judge the moral acceptability of actions as described in short cases or vignettes. Overall the results seem inconclusive, although what differences have been noted tend to show women as 'more ethical' than men. The authors of this paper (...)
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  41.  55
    The Place of Unreasonable People Beyond Rawls.Roberta Sala - 2013 - European Journal of Political Theory 12 (3):253-270.
    In this article I look for an alternative way in which ‘unreasonable’ people may be included in a liberal society. Differing from Rawls, whose reasonable hope is for unreasonable people gradually to adhere to liberal institutions so that, over time, an overlapping consensus is reached, I propose the alternative way of them supporting these institutions as a special modus vivendi, which does not require them to renounce their non-reasonableness. First I detail the Rawlsian notion of reasonableness and unreasonableness; second, I (...)
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  42.  10
    Textures That We Like to Touch: An Experimental Study of Aesthetic Preferences for Tactile Stimuli.Roberta Etzi, Charles Spence & Alberto Gallace - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 29:178-188.
  43.  18
    Does a ‘Care Orientation’ Explain Gender Differences in Ethical Decision Making? A Critical Analysis and Fresh Findings.Roberta Bampton & Patrick Maclagan - 2009 - Business Ethics: A European Review 18 (2):179-191.
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  44.  57
    Why Teach Ethics to Accounting Students? A Response to the Sceptics.Roberta Bampton & Patrick Maclagan - 2005 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 14 (3):290–300.
  45. Distinguishing Drift and Selection Empirically: "The Great Snail Debate" of the 1950s.Roberta L. Millstein - 2007 - Journal of the History of Biology 41 (2):339-367.
    Biologists and philosophers have been extremely pessimistic about the possibility of demonstrating random drift in nature, particularly when it comes to distinguishing random drift from natural selection. However, examination of a historical case-Maxime Lamotte's study of natural populations of the land snail, Cepaea nemoralis in the 1950s - shows that while some pessimism is warranted, it has been overstated. Indeed, by describing a unique signature for drift and showing that this signature obtained in the populations under study, Lamotte was able (...)
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  46.  10
    The Outer Circle: Women in the Scientific Community.Roberta Brawer - 1994 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 37 (4):609.
  47. Thinking About Evolutionary Mechanisms: Natural Selection.Robert Skipper & Roberta Millstein - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (2):327-347.
    This paper explores whether natural selection, a putative evolutionary mechanism, and a main one at that, can be characterized on either of the two dominant conceptions of mechanism, due to Glennan and the team of Machamer, Darden, and Craver, that constitute the “new mechanistic philosophy.” The results of the analysis are that neither of the dominant conceptions of mechanism adequately captures natural selection. Nevertheless, the new mechanistic philosophy possesses the resources for an understanding of natural selection under the rubric.
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  48. Sex and Sensibility: The Role of Social Selection: Roughgarden, Joan: The Genial Gene: Deconstructing Darwinian Selfishness. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009, Ix+261pp, $40.00 HB, $18.95 PB.Erika L. Milam, Roberta L. Millstein, Angela Potochnik & Joan E. Roughgarden - 2011 - Metascience 20 (2):253-277.
    Sex and sensibility: The role of social selection Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9464-6 Authors Erika L. Milam, Department of History, University of Maryland, 2115 Francis Scott Key Hall, College Park, MD 20742, USA Roberta L. Millstein, Department of Philosophy, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA Angela Potochnik, Department of Philosophy, University of Cincinnati, P.O. Box 210374, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA Joan E. Roughgarden, Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5020, USA Journal Metascience (...)
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  49.  46
    An Introduction to the Thought of Karl Popper.Roberta Corvi - 1996 - Routledge.
    This is a comprehensive introduction to the philosophical and political thought of Karl Popper, now available in English. It is divided into three parts; the first part provides a biography of Popper; the second part looks at his works and recurrent themes, and the third part assesses his critics. It was approved of by Popper himself as a sympathetic and comprehensive study, and will be ideal to meet the increasing demand for a summary introduction to his work.
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  50.  38
    The Teaching of Ethics in Management Accounting: Progress and Prospects.Roberta Bampton & Christopher J. Cowton - 2002 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 11 (1):52–61.
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