Results for 'Sibylle Rolf'

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  1.  26
    Sibylle Rolf (2009) Zwischen Forschungsfreiheit und Menschenwürde. Unterschiede beim Umgang mit menschlichen Embryonen in England und Deutschland: edition chrismon, Hansisches Druck- und Verlagshaus, Frankfurt am Main, 228 Seiten, 28,00 €, ISBN 978-3-86921-007-0.Susanne Benöhr-Laqueur - 2011 - Ethik in der Medizin 23 (3):257-258.
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  2.  40
    Humanity as an Object of Respect: Immanuel Kant's Anthropological Approach and the Foundation for Morality.Sibylle Rolf - 2012 - Heythrop Journal 53 (4):594-605.
    The article deals with Kant's understanding of personhood and autonomy. It highlights the connection of autonomy and human dignity within Kant's appreciation of morality, and indicates how his distinction between the empirical and transcendental spheres enables Kant to extend dignity even to humans who are not actually autonomous. Turning to contemporary approaches within ethics that refer to Kant but omit this transcendental framework, it defends the necessity of a trans-empirical frame within the Kantian system and hints at consequences for bioethics. (...)
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  3.  18
    Respekt vor Patientenautonomie und Achtung der Menschenwürde: Beobachtungen zu anthropologischen Implikationen in deutscher und englischsprachiger Bioethik-Debatte.Sibylle Rolf - 2008 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 52 (3):200-211.
    The study investigates the »Four Principles of Biomedical Ethics« published by Tom Beauchamp and James Childress with a particular concern for the principle of respect for autonomy. The leading question is in which philosophical background autonomy is dealt with by Beauchamp/childress and by the enlightenment philosopher Immanuel Kant, while the more emipirical theoretical framework of Beauchamp/childress and the rationalistic framework of Kant are being analyzed. After having considered the foundation of autonomy both in Beauchamp/childress and Kant, the study turns to (...)
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  4. Book Review: Edmund D. Pellegrino, Adam Schulman and Thomas W. Merrill (Eds.), Human Dignity and Bioethics (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2009). Xvi + 555 Pp. £32.50/$40 (Pb), ISBN 978-0-268-03892-2. [REVIEW]Sibylle Rolf - 2011 - Studies in Christian Ethics 24 (1):117-119.
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  5.  18
    Crux sola est nostra theologia. Die Bedeutung der Kreuzestheologie für die Theodizeefrage.Sibylle Rolf - 2007 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 49 (2):223-240.
    ZusammenfassungDer Text versucht in Auseinandersetzung mit den Ansätzen von Jürgen Moltmann, Johann Baptist Metz und Odo Marquard und im Anschluss an lutherische Theologie zu einer Verhältnisbestimmung von Theodizeefrage und Kreuzestheologie zu gelangen. Dabei wird Luthers Einsicht fruchtbar gemacht, dass Gott verborgen im Leiden wirkt, das Leiden aber nicht zu seiner Wesenseigenschaft wird. Vielmehr eröffnet sich in der Klage des leidenden Menschen die Möglichkeit, das Leiden an Gott zu beenden und gegen Gott zu Gott zu fliehen. Von Luthers Kreuzestheologie her ist (...)
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  6.  22
    Die Kommunikativität des Menschlichen. Überlegungen zum Verhältnis von Leib und Seele im Anschluss an Martin Luther.Sibylle Rolf - 2011 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 53 (2):119-136.
    ZUSAMMENFASSUNGIm Rekurs auf Luthers Verständnis der communicatio idiomatum, also der gegenseitigen Mitteilung und Partizipation von Göttlichem und Menschlichem in der Person Jesu Christi, versucht der Text eine Annäherung zu leisten an eine kommunikative theologische Anthropologie innerhalb einer relationalen und kommunikativen Ontologie. Mit einem solchen Konzept erscheint es als möglich, innerhalb der Debatte um Leib und Seele beziehungsweise Gehirn und Geist, die in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten aufgrund der Forschungsergebnisse der Neurowissenschaften von neuem in die öffentliche Aufmerksamkeit gerückt ist, zu einer Klärung (...)
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  7.  47
    Human Embryos and Human Dignity: Differing Presuppositions in Human Embryo Research in Germany and Great Britain.Sibylle Rolf - 2012 - Heythrop Journal 53 (5):742-754.
    This article notes differences in legislation in Germany and Great Britain regarding human embryo research and looks for an explanation in their divergent intellectual traditions. Whereas the German Stem Cell Act invokes an anthropological concept of human dignity to ground its ban on using embryos for research, there is no definition of what it means to be human in either the British Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act or in the advisory Warnock-Report. After studying the differences and providing some philosophical background, (...)
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  8.  4
    Niemand Ist Eine Insel: Menschsein Im Schnittpunkt von Anthropologie, Theologie Und Ethik.Christian Polke, Frank Martin Brunn, Alexander Dietz, Sibylle Rolf & Anja Siebert (eds.) - 2011 - De Gruyter.
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  9.  17
    Systemic Ethics and Inclusive Governance: Two Key Prerequisites for Sustainability Transitions of Agri-Food Systems.Sibylle Bui, Ionara Costa, Olivier De Schutter, Tom Dedeurwaerdere, Marek Hudon & Marlene Feyereisen - 2019 - Agriculture and Human Values 36 (2):277-288.
    Food retailers are powerful actors of the agro-industrial food system. They exert strong lock-in effects that hinder transitions towards more sustainable agri-food systems. Indeed, their marketing practices generally result in excluding the most sustainable food products, such as local, low-input, small-scale farmers’ products. Recently in Belgium, several initiatives have been created to enable the introduction of local products on supermarket shelves. In this article, we study three of those initiatives to analyse if the development of local sourcing in supermarkets opens (...)
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  10.  44
    Simplicity and Simplification in Astrophysical Modeling.Sibylle Anderl - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (5):819-831.
    With the ever-growing quality of observational data in astronomy, the complexity of astrophysical models has been increasing in turn. This trend raises the question: Are there still reasons to prefer simpler models if the final goal is an actual model-target comparison? I argue for two aspects in which astrophysical research may favor models having reduced complexity: first, to address the problem of determining the values of adjustable parameters and, second, to pave the way for a validation of the model based (...)
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  11. Erfahrung Und Erfahrungswissenschaft Die Frage des Zusammenhangs Wissenschaftlicher Und Gesellschaftlicher Entwicklung, Hrsg. Von Rolf E. Vente. Mit Beiträgen von O.F. Bollnow [Et Al.]. [REVIEW]Rolf E. Vente & Otto Friedrich Bollnow - 1974 - W. Kohlhammer.
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  12.  37
    Clinical Ethics Committee Case 13: Should the School Doctor Contact the Mother of a 17-Year-Old Girl Who has Expressed Suicidal Thoughts? [REVIEW]Bert Molewijk & Rolf Ahlzen - 2011 - Clinical Ethics 6 (1):5-10.
  13. Rolf Kuhn, Asthetische Existenz heute. Zum Verhaltnis von Leben und Kunst.Thomas Rolf - 2008 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 115 (1):219.
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  14.  80
    Probabilistic Logics and Probabilistic Networks.Rolf Haenni, Jan-Willem Romeijn, Gregory Wheeler & Jon Williamson - 2010 - Synthese Library.
    Additionally, the text shows how to develop computationally feasible methods to mesh with this framework.
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  15.  3
    Implicit Changes of Model Uses in Astrophysics, Illustrated on the Paris-Durham Shock ModelImplizite Veränderungen der Verwendung Astrophysikalischer Modelle Am Beispiel des Paris-Durham-Modells Für Stoßwellen.Sibylle Anderl - 2019 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 27 (4):515-546.
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  16.  71
    On Civic Friendship.Sibyl A. Schwarzenbach - 1996 - Ethics 107 (1):97-128.
  17.  31
    Nominalistic Systems.Rolf A. Eberle - 1970 - Dordrecht: Reidel.
    1. 1. PROGRAM It will be our aim to reconstruct, with precision, certain views which have been traditionally associated with nominalism and to investigate problems arising from these views in the construction of interpreted formal systems. Several such systems are developed in accordance with the demand that the sentences of a system which is acceptable to a nominalist must not imply the existence of any entities other than individuals. Emphasis will be placed on the constructionist method of philosophical analysis. To (...)
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  18.  36
    Logics Without Existence Assumptions.Rolf Schock - 1968 - Stockholm, Almqvist & Wiksell.
  19.  52
    Event-Related Potentials and Cognition: A Critique of the Context Updating Hypothesis and an Alternative Interpretation of P3.Rolf Verleger - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (3):343.
  20.  45
    The Frankfurt School: Its History, Theories, and Political Significance.Rolf Wiggershaus - 1994 - MIT Press.
    The book is based on documentary and biographical materials that have only recently become available.
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  21. Divine Self-Testimony and the Knowledge of God.Rolfe King - 2013 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 74 (3):279-295.
    A proof is offered that aims to show that there can be no knowledge of God, excluding knowledge based on natural theology, without divine self-testimony. Both special and general revelation, if they occur, would be forms of divine self-testimony. It is argued that this indicates that the best way to model such knowledge of God is on the basis of an analogy with knowledge gained through testimony, rather than perceptual models of knowledge, such as the prominent model defended by Plantinga. (...)
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  22.  22
    Interoception and Symptom Reporting: Disentangling Accuracy and Bias.Sibylle Petersen, Ken Van Staeyen, Claus Vã¶Gele, Andreas von Leupoldt & Omer Van den Bergh - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  23.  28
    Cognition From the Bottom Up: On Biological Inspiration, Body Morphology, and Soft Materials.Rolf Pfeifer, Fumiya Iida & Max Lungarella - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (8):404-413.
  24. Effects of Perceptual Fluency on Judgments of Truth.Rolf Reber & Norbert Schwarz - 1999 - Consciousness and Cognition 8 (3):338-342.
    Statements of the form ''Osorno is in Chile'' were presented in colors that made them easy or difficult to read against a white background and participants judged the truth of the statement. Moderately visible statements were judged as true at chance level, whereas highly visible statements were judged as true significantly above chance level. We conclude that perceptual fluency affects judgments of truth.
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  25.  66
    Embodiment and Language Comprehension: Reframing the Discussion.Rolf A. Zwaan - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (5):229-234.
  26.  28
    Selective History of Theories of Visual Perception: 1650-1950. Nicholas Pastore.Rolf A. George - 1974 - Philosophy of Science 41 (3):296-297.
  27.  20
    Seeing, Acting, Understanding: Motor Resonance in Language Comprehension.Rolf A. Zwaan & Lawrence J. Taylor - 2006 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 135 (1):1-11.
  28.  50
    Illness as Unhomelike Being-in-the-World? Phenomenology and Medical Practice.Rolf Ahlzén - 2011 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (3):323-331.
    Scientific medicine has been successful by ways of an ever more detailed understanding and mastering of bodily functions and dysfunctions. Biomedical research promises new triumphs, but discontent with medical practice is all around. Since several decades this has been acknowledged and discussed. The philosophical traditions of phenomenology and hermeneutics have been proposed as promising ways to approach medical practice, by ways of a richer understanding of the meaning structures of health and illness. In 2000, Swedish philosopher Fredrik Svenaeus published a (...)
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  29.  21
    Making Replication Mainstream.Rolf A. Zwaan, Alexander Etz, Richard E. Lucas & M. Brent Donnellan - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41:1-50.
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  30.  85
    The Epistemic Status of Processing Fluency as Source for Judgments of Truth.Rolf Reber & Christian Unkelbach - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (4):563-581.
    This article combines findings from cognitive psychology on the role of processing fluency in truth judgments with epistemological theory on justification of belief. We first review evidence that repeated exposure to a statement increases the subjective ease with which that statement is processed. This increased processing fluency, in turn, increases the probability that the statement is judged to be true. The basic question discussed here is whether the use of processing fluency as a cue to truth is epistemically justified. In (...)
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  31.  27
    Individual Conduct and Social Norms: A Utilitarian Account of Social Union and the Rule of Law.Rolf E. Sartorius - 1975 - Dickenson Pub. Co..
  32.  35
    Foundations for a Human Science of Nursing: Gadamer, Laing, and the Hermeneutics of Caring.Gary Rolfe - 2015 - Nursing Philosophy 16 (3):141-152.
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  33.  9
    How Friedman’s View on Individual Freedom Relates to Stakeholder Theory and Social Contract Theory.Rolf Brühl & Johannes Jahn - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 153 (1):41-52.
    Friedman’s view on corporate social responsibility is often accused of being incoherent and of setting rather low ethical standards for managers. This paper outlines Friedman’s ethical expectations for corporate executives against the backdrop of the strong emphasis he puts on individual freedom. Doing so reveals that the ethical standards he imposes on managers can be strictly deduced from individual freedom and that these standards involve both deontological norms and the fulfillment of particular stakeholder expectations. These insights illustrate the necessity to (...)
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  34.  76
    Rawls and Ownership: The Forgotten Category of Reproductive Labour.Sibyl Schwarzenbach - 1987 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 13:139.
  35.  7
    Who Leads More and Why? A Mediation Model From Gender to Leadership Role Occupancy.Rolf Dick, Sebastian Schuh, Jordi Escartín & Alina Hernandez Bark - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 139 (3):473-483.
    Previous research has shown that female leaders lead slightly more effective than male leaders. However, women are still underrepresented in higher management. In this study, we seek to contribute to a deeper understanding of this paradox by proposing and testing an innovative model that integrates different research streams on gender and leadership. Specifically, we propose power motivation and transformational leadership as two central yet opposing dynamics that underlie the relation between gender and leadership role occupancy. We tested this model in (...)
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  36.  5
    How Do Individuals Judge Organizational Legitimacy? Effects of Attributed Motives and Credibility on Organizational Legitimacy.Rolf Brühl, Melanie Eichhorn & Johannes Jahn - 2020 - Business and Society 59 (3):545-576.
    This experimental study examines individuals’ legitimacy judgments. We develop a model that demonstrates the role of attributed motives and corporate credibility for the evaluation of organizational legitimacy and test this model with an experimental vignette study. Our results show that when a corporate activity creates benefits for the firm—in addition to social benefits—individuals attribute more extrinsic motives. Extrinsic motives are ascribed when a corporation is perceived as being driven by external rewards as opposed to an altruistic commitment to a social (...)
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  37.  98
    The Artful Mind Meets Art History: Toward a Psycho-Historical Framework for the Science of Art Appreciation.Nicolas J. Bullot & Rolf Reber - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (2):123-137.
    Research seeking a scientific foundation for the theory of art appreciation has raised controversies at the intersection of the social and cognitive sciences. Though equally relevant to a scientific inquiry into art appreciation, psychological and historical approaches to art developed independently and lack a common core of theoretical principles. Historicists argue that psychological and brain sciences ignore the fact that artworks are artifacts produced and appreciated in the context of unique historical situations and artistic intentions. After revealing flaws in the (...)
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  38.  46
    Exploring "Fringe" Consciousness: The Subjective Experience of Perceptual Fluency and its Objective Bases.Rolf Reber, P. Wurtz & Thomas E. Zimmermann - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):47-60.
    Perceptual fluency is the subjective experience of ease with which an incoming stimulus is processed. Although perceptual fluency is assessed by speed of processing, it remains unclear how objective speed is related to subjective experiences of fluency. We present evidence that speed at different stages of the perceptual process contributes to perceptual fluency. In an experiment, figure-ground contrast influenced detection of briefly presented words, but not their identification at longer exposure durations. Conversely, font in which the word was written influenced (...)
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  39.  21
    Moving Words: Dynamic Representations in Language Comprehension.Rolf A. Zwaan, Carol J. Madden, Richard H. Yaxley & Mark E. Aveyard - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (4):611-619.
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  40.  53
    Democracy and Friendship.Sibyl A. Schwarzenbach - 2005 - Journal of Social Philosophy 36 (2):233–254.
  41.  41
    Exploring “Fringe” Consciousness: The Subjective Experience of Perceptual Fluency and its Objective Bases.Rolf Reber, Pascal Wurtz & Thomas D. Zimmermann - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):47-60.
    Perceptual fluency is the subjective experience of ease with which an incoming stimulus is processed. Although perceptual fluency is assessed by speed of processing, it remains unclear how objective speed is related to subjective experiences of fluency. We present evidence that speed at different stages of the perceptual process contributes to perceptual fluency. In an experiment, figure-ground contrast influenced detection of briefly presented words, but not their identification at longer exposure durations. Conversely, font in which the word was written influenced (...)
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  42.  8
    Medical Humanities — Arts and Humanistic Science.Rolf Ahlzén - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (4):385-393.
    The nature and scope of medical humanities are under debate. Some regard this field as consisting of those parts of the humanistic sciences that enhance our understanding of clinical practice and of medicine as historical phenomenon. In this article it is argued that aesthetic experience is as crucial to this project as are humanistic studies. To rightly understand what medicine is about we need to acknowledge the equal importance of two modes of understanding, intertwined and mutually reinforcing: the mode of (...)
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  43.  4
    Feminists and State Welfare.Sibyl A. Schwarzenbach - 1988 - Ethics 98 (4):863-864.
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  44.  37
    Left–Right Coding of Past and Future in Language: The Mental Timeline During Sentence Processing.Rolf Ulrich & Claudia Maienborn - 2010 - Cognition 117 (2):126-138.
  45.  38
    Towards a More Dynamic Plant Morphology.Rolf Sattler - 1990 - Acta Biotheoretica 38 (3-4):303-315.
    From the point of view of a dynamic morphology, form is not only the result of process(es) — it is process. This process may be analyzed in terms of two pairs of fundamental processes: growth and decay, differentiation and dedifferentiation. Each of these processes can be analyzed in terms of various modalities (parameters) and submodalities. This paper deals with those of growth (see Table 1). For the purpose of systematits and phylogenetic reconstruction the modalities and submodalities can be considered dynamic (...)
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  46.  20
    Politik der Zeugenschaft: Zur Kritik Einer Wissenspraxis.Sibylle Schmidt, Sybille Krämer & Ramon Voges (eds.) - 2011 - Transcript.
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  47.  74
    Rawls, Hegel, and Communitarianism.Sibyl A. Schwarzenbach - 1991 - Political Theory 19 (4):539-571.
  48.  72
    A First-Order Axiomatization of the Theory of Finite Trees.Rolf Backofen, James Rogers & K. Vijay-Shanker - 1995 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 4 (1):5-39.
    We provide first-order axioms for the theories of finite trees with bounded branching and finite trees with arbitrary (finite) branching. The signature is chosen to express, in a natural way, those properties of trees most relevant to linguistic theories. These axioms provide a foundation for results in linguistics that are based on reasoning formally about such properties. We include some observations on the expressive power of these theories relative to traditional language complexity classes.
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  49. Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms.Rolf Niedermeier - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    A fixed-parameter is an algorithm that provides an optimal solution to a combinatorial problem. This research-level text is an application-oriented introduction to the growing and highly topical area of the development and analysis of efficient fixed-parameter algorithms for hard problems. The book is divided into three parts: a broad introduction that provides the general philosophy and motivation; followed by coverage of algorithmic methods developed over the years in fixed-parameter algorithmics forming the core of the book; and a discussion of the (...)
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  50.  5
    Effects of Truncation on Reaction Time Analysis.Rolf Ulrich & Jeff Miller - 1994 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 123 (1):34-80.
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