Results for 'Isaac Wiegman'

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  1. The Evolution of Retribution: Intuitions Undermined.Isaac Wiegman - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (2):490-510.
    Recent empirical work suggests that emotions are responsible for anti-consequentialist intuitions. For instance, anger places value on actions of revenge and retribution, value not derived from the consequences of these actions. As a result, it contributes to the development of retributive intuitions. I argue that if anger evolved to produce these retributive intuitions because of their biological consequences, then these intuitions are not a good indicator that punishment has value apart from its consequences. This severs the evidential connection between retributive (...)
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  2. Payback Without Bookkeeping: The Origins of Revenge and Retaliation.Isaac Wiegman - 2019 - Philosophical Psychology 32 (7):1100-1128.
    ABSTRACTCurrent evolutionary models of revenge focus on its complex deterrent functions. Nevertheless, there are some retaliatory behaviors in nonhuman animals that do not appear to have a deterren...
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  3. Divine Retribution in Evolutionary Perspective.Isaac Wiegman - 2016 - In Wm Curtis Holtzen & Matthew Nelson Hill (eds.), In Spirit and Truth. Claremont: CST Press. pp. 181-202.
  4.  79
    Divine Forgiveness and Mercy in Evolutionary Perspective.Isaac Wiegman - 2017 - In Matthew Nelson Hill & Wm Curtis Holtzen (eds.), Connecting Faith and Science. Claremont: Claremont Press. pp. 189-220.
  5.  58
    Applied Philosophy of Social Science: The Social Construction of Race.Isaac Wiegman & Ron Mallon - 2017 - In Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, Kimberley Brownlee & David Coady (eds.), A Companion to Applied Philosophy. Oxford, UK: Wiley Blackwell. pp. 441-454.
    A traditional social scientific divide concerns the centrality of the interpretation of local understandings as opposed to attending to relatively general factors in understanding human individual and group differences. We consider one of the most common social scientific variables, race, and ask how to conceive of its causal power. We suggest that any plausible attempt to model the causal effects of such constructed social roles will involve close interplay between interpretationist and more general elements. Thus, we offer a case study (...)
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  6. Angry Rats and Scaredy Cats: Lessons From Competing Cognitive Homologies.Isaac Wiegman - 2016 - Biological Theory 11 (4):224-240.
    There have been several recent attempts to think about psychological kinds as homologies. Nevertheless, there are serious epistemic challenges for individuating homologous psychological kinds, or cognitive homologies. Some of these challenges are revealed when we look at competing claims of cognitive homology. This paper considers two competing homology claims that compare human anger with putative aggression systems of nonhuman animals. The competition between these hypotheses has been difficult to resolve in part because of what I call the boundary problem: boundaries (...)
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  7. Disassociation Intuitions.Bob Fischer & Isaac Wiegman - 2018 - Southwest Philosophy Review 34 (1):85-92.
    We should disassociate ourselves from wrongdoing. If Hobby Lobby is against LGBTQ rights, we shouldn’t shop there. If Old Navy sources their clothing from sweatshops, we shouldn’t buy them. If animals are treated terribly in factory farms, we shouldn’t eat the meat, eggs, and dairy products that come from them. Let’s call these disassociation intuitions. What explains the existence and force of disassociation intuitions? And based on that explanation, are they intuitions worth taking seriously? In other words, depending on the (...)
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  8.  4
    Emotional Actions Without Goals.Isaac Wiegman - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-31.
    Recent accounts of emotional action intend to explain such actions without reference to goals. Nevertheless, these accounts fail to specify the difference between goals and other kinds of motivational states. I offer two remedies. First, I develop an account of goals based on Michael Smith’s arguments for the Humean theory of motivation. On this account, a goal is a unified representation that determines behavior selection criteria and satisfaction conditions for an action. This opens the possibility that mental processes could influence (...)
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  9.  37
    Anger and Forgiveness: Resentment, Generosity, Justice. [REVIEW]Isaac Wiegman - 2019 - Philosophical Quarterly 69 (274):217-220.
    Anger and Forgiveness: Resentment, Generosity, Justice. By Nussbaum Martha.
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  10.  17
    What Basic Emotions Really Are: Encapsulated or Integrated?Isaac Wiegman - manuscript
    While there is ongoing debate about the existence of basic emotions and about their status as natural kinds, these debates usually carry on under the assumption that BEs are encapsulated from cognition and that this is one of the criteria that separates the products of evolution from the products of culture and experience. I aim to show that this assumption is entirely unwarranted, that there is empirical evidence against it, and that evolutionary theory itself should not lead us to expect (...)
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  11.  18
    Disgust as a Mechanism for Externalization: Coordination and Disassociation.Isaac Wiegman - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
    I extend Stanford’s proposal in two ways by focusing on a possible mechanism of externalization: disgust. First, I argue that externalization also has value for solving coordination problems where interests of different groups coincide. Second, Stanford’s proposal also holds promise for explaining why people “over-comply” with norms through disassociation, or the avoidance of actions that merely appear to violate norms.
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  12.  19
    Evidential Criteria of Homology for Comparative Psychology.Isaac Wiegman - manuscript
    While the homology concept has taken on importance in thinking about the nature of psychological kinds, no one has shown how comparative psychological and behavioral evidence can distinguish between competing homology claims. I adapt the operational criteria of homology to accomplish this. I consider two competing homology claims that compare human anger with putative aggression systems of nonhuman animals, and demonstrate the effectiveness of these criteria in adjudicating between these claims.
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  13.  59
    Anger and Punishment: Natural History and Normative Significance.Isaac Wiegman - 2014 - Dissertation, Washington University in St. Louis
    I argue that the evolutionary history of anger has substantive implications for normative ethics. In the process, I develop an evolutionary account of anger and its influence on action. First, I consider a prominent argument by Peter Singer and Joshua Greene. They conclude that evolutionary explanations of human cooperation debunk – or undercut the evidential value of – the moral intuitions supporting duty ethics (as opposed to utilitarian or consequentialist ethics). With this argument they aim to defend consequentialist theories. However, (...)
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  14.  17
    Rejoinder by Isaac.Jeffrey C. Isaac - 1995 - Political Theory 23 (4):681-688.
  15. The Communist Manifesto.Jeffrey C. Isaac (ed.) - 2012 - Yale University Press.
    Marx and Engels's _Communist Manifesto_ has become one of the world’s most influential political tracts since its original 1848 publication. Part of the Rethinking the Western Tradition series, this edition of the _Manifesto_ features an extensive introduction by Jeffrey C. Isaac, and essays by Vladimir Tismaneanu, Steven Lukes, Saskia Sassen, and Stephen Eric Bronner, each well known for their writing on questions central to the _Manifesto_ and the history of Marxism. These essays address the _Manifesto_'s historical background, its impact (...)
     
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  16.  25
    Theorist at Work: Talcott Parsons and the Carnegie Project on Theory, 1949–1951.Joel Isaac - 2010 - Journal of the History of Ideas 71 (2):287-311.
  17.  41
    Quantifying the Subjective: Psychophysics and the Geometry of Color.Alistair M. C. Isaac - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology 26 (2):207 - 233.
    Early psychophysical methods as codified by Fechner motivate the development of quantitative theories of subjective experience. The basic insight is that just noticeable differences between experiences can serve as units for measuring a sensory domain. However, the methods described by Fechner tacitly assume that the experiences being investigated can be linearly ordered. This assumption is not true for all sensory domains; for example, there is no trivial linear order over all possible color sensations. This paper discusses key developments in the (...)
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  18.  21
    Realism and Reality: Some Realistic Reconsiderations.Jeffrey C. Isaac - 1990 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 20 (1):1–31.
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  19.  90
    Why Not Lewis?Joel Isaac - 2006 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (1):54-60.
    This is a discussion of Murray Murphey on the philosophy of C.I. Lewis and his relation to the pragmatist tradition.
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  20.  72
    Prospects for Naturalizing Color.Alistair Isaac - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (5):902-914.
    Paul Churchland has recently offered a novel argument for the “objective reality” of color. The strategy he employs to make this argument is an instance of a more general research program for interpreting perceptual content, “domain‐portrayal semantics.” In the first half of the article, I point out some features of color vision that complicate Churchland's conclusion, in particular, the context‐sensitive and inferential nature of color perception. In the second half, I examine and defend the general research program, concluding it is (...)
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  21.  30
    What Are the Functional Deficits Produced by Hippocampal and Perirhinal Cortex Lesions?A. R. Mayes, R. van Eijk, P. A. Gooding, C. L. Isaac & J. S. Holdstock - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):460-461.
    A hippocampal patient is described who shows preserved item recognition and simple recognition-based recollection but impaired recall and associative recognition. These data and other evidence suggest that contrary to Aggleton & Brown's target article, Papez circuit damage impairs only complex item-item-context recollection. A patient with perirhinal cortex damage and a delayed global memory deficit, apparently inconsistent with A&B's framework, is also described.
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  22.  74
    Myths, Cults and Livestock Breeding.E. Isaac - 1963 - Diogenes 11 (41):70-93.
  23.  11
    Is the Revival of Pragmatism Practical, or What Are the Consequences of Pragmatism?Jeffrey C. Isaac - 1999 - Constellations 6 (4):561-587.
  24.  90
    Religious Factors in the Geography of Animal Husbandry.E. Isaac - 1963 - Diogenes 11 (44):59-80.
  25.  84
    Logic in Cognitive Science: Bridging the Gap Between Symbolic and Connectionist Paradigms.Alistair Isaac & Jakub Szymanik - 2010 - Journal of the Indian Council of Philosophical Research (2):279-309.
    This paper surveys applications of logical methods in the cognitive sciences. Special attention is paid to non-monotonic logics and complexity theory. We argue that these particular tools have been useful in clarifying the debate between symbolic and connectionist models of cognition.
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  26.  65
    Synchronizing Diachronic Uncertainty.Alistair Isaac & Tomohiro Hoshi - 2011 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 20 (2):137-159.
    Diachronic uncertainty, uncertainty about where an agent falls in time, poses interesting conceptual difficulties. Although the agent is uncertain about where she falls in time, this uncertainty can only obtain at a particular moment in time. We resolve this conceptual tension by providing a transformation from models with diachronic uncertainty relations into “equivalent” models with only synchronic uncertainty relations. The former are interpreted as capturing the causal structure of a situation, while the latter are interpreted as capturing its epistemic structure. (...)
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  27.  25
    Review: Morton White. From a Philosophical Point of View: Selected Studies. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2005. [REVIEW]Joel Isaac - 2006 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (1):147-150.
  28.  21
    Introduction.Jeffrey Isaac - 1998 - Constellations 4 (3):374-375.
  29.  27
    A Critical Re-Evaluation of “Persons in Relation” and Its Significance for a Social Trinitarianism.Shirley Isaac - 2010 - Philosophy and Theology 22 (1/2):313-334.
    According to John Macmurray, action is the starting-point for an analysis of persons, who exist only in relation. This paper re-examines Macmurray’s argument from action and finds it lacking. However, rather than implying an obstacle to a relational definition of persons, the failure to arrive at this definition provides the opening or space wherein God, who is fully relational, can be revealed. The implications for human persons are mirrored in the dual concept of the person found in a social trinitarianism, (...)
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  30.  27
    Interpersonal Processes in Nineteenth Century Utopian Communities: Shakers and Oneida Perfectionists.James Isaac, Irwin Altman & Jamic Isaac - 1998 - Utopian Studies 9 (1):26 - 49.
  31.  26
    Iris Young: A Tribute.Jeffrey C. Isaac - 2007 - Constellations 14 (2):289-291.
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  32.  23
    La Philosophie Japonaise En Question.Sylvain Isaac - 2009 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 107 (1):71-99.
  33.  17
    "A Behavioral Theory of Social Structure": A Critique.Jeffrey C. Isaac - 1989 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 19 (1):131–139.
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  34.  19
    La visée universaliste de l'école de Kyoto.Sylvain Isaac - 2002 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 100 (1):229-241.
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  35.  12
    Book Reviews : Kevin M. Brien, Marx, Reason, and the Art of Freedom. Temple University Press, Philadelphia, 1987. Pp. Xvi, 260, $34.95. [REVIEW]J. C. Isaac - 1990 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 20 (3):385-390.
  36.  11
    Realism and Social Scientific Theory: A Comment on Porpora.Jeffrey Isaac - 1983 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 13 (3):301–308.
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  37. The Teleological Suspension of the Ethical: Abraham, Isaac, and the Challenge of Faith.Richard Oxenberg - manuscript
    God demands that Abraham sacrifice his son Isaac. Why? Kierkegaard tells us that God requires of Abraham a "teleological suspension of the ethical." In this essay I explore the meanings of the Ethical, God, and Faith in an effort to make sense of this phrase, and, more broadly, of the biblical story itself.
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  38. Isaac Newton (1642–1727).Zvi Biener - 2017 - Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Isaac Newton is best known as a mathematician and physicist. He invented the calculus, discovered universal gravitation and made significant advances in theoretical and experimental optics. His master-work on gravitation, the Principia, is often hailed as the crowning achievement of the scientific revolution. His significance for philosophers, however, extends beyond the philosophical implications of his scientific discoveries. Newton was an able and subtle philosopher, working at a time when science was not yet recognized as an activity distinct from philosophy. (...)
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  39.  17
    Being-Towards-Eternity: R. Isaac Hutner’s Adaptation of a Heideggerian Notion.Daniel Herskowitz & Alon Shalev - 2018 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 26 (2):254-277.
    _ Source: _Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 254 - 277 In his writings, Rabbi Isaac Hutner integrated various insights from secular philosophy and particularly from existentialist thought. Concerns regarding temporality, authenticity, and death permeate his thought. This article deals with what we call “being-towards-eternity,” a modification of Martin Heidegger’s “being-towards-death,” through which Hutner seeks to reconcile genuine anxiety in the face of finitude with an unwavering belief in resurrection and life after death. Hutner’s appropriation and adaptation of this Heideggerian (...)
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  40.  26
    The Institutionalization of Biology in Mexico in the Early 20th Century. The Conflict Between Alfonso Luis Herrera (1868-1942) and Isaac Ochoterena (1885-1950). [REVIEW]Ismael Ledesma-Mateos & Ana Barahona - 2003 - Journal of the History of Biology 36 (2):285 - 307.
    The aim of this work is to evaluate the role played by Alfonso Luis Herrera and Isaac Ochoterena in the institutionalization of academic biology in Mexico in the early 20th century. As biology became institutionalized in Mexico, Herrera's basic approach to biology was displaced by Isaac Ochoterena's professional goals due to the prevailing political conditions at the end of 1929. The conflict arose from two different conceptions of biology, because Herrera and Ochoterena had different discourses that were incommensurable, (...)
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  41.  19
    The Fear, the Trembling, and the Fire: Kierkegaard and Hasidic Masters on the Binding of Isaac.Jerome I. Gellman - 1993 - Upa.
    This book is an investigation into authenticity, certainty, and self-hood as they arise in the story of the binding of Isaac. Gellman provides a new interpretation of Kierkegaard with select Hasidic commentary. Contents: INTRODUCTION: Background to the Book; Hasidism and Existentialism; Preview of the Chapters; THE FEAR AND THE TREMBLING: Kierkegaard's Fear and Trembling; The Problem of Hearing and the Problem of Choice; The 'Ethical' for Kierkegaard; The 'Voice of God' for Kierkegaard; The Resolution of the Problems; THE UNCERTAINTY: (...)
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  42.  31
    The Value of Truth and the Value of Information : On Isaac Levi's Epistemology.Hans Rott - 2006 - In Erik J. Olsson (ed.), Knowledge and Inquiry: Essays on the Pragmatism of Isaac Levi. Cambridge University Press. pp. 179.
    The paper aims at a perspicuous representation of Isaac Levi's pragmatist epistemology, spanning from the 1967 classic "Gambling with Truth" to his 2004 book on "Mild Contraction". Based on a formal framework for Levi's notion of inquiry, I analyse his decision-theoretic approach with truth and information as basic cognitive values, and with Shackle measures as emerging structures. Both cognitive values figure prominently in Levi's model of inductive belief expansion, but only the value of information is employed in his model (...)
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  43.  29
    Isaac Levi’s Potentially Surprising Epistemologicalpicture.Wolfgang Spohn - 2006 - In Erik J. Olsson (ed.), Knowledge and Inquiry: Essays on the Pragmatism of Isaac Levi. Cambridge University Press.
    This paper compares the epistemological conception of Isaac Levi with mine. We are joined in both giving a constructive answer to the relation of belief and probability, without reducing one to the other. However, our constructions differ in at least nine more or less important ways, all discussed in the paper. In particular, the paper explains the similarities and differences of Shackle's functions of potential surprise, as used by Levi, and my ranking functions in formal as well as in (...)
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  44. Abraham! Abraham! Kierkegaard and the Hasidim on the Binding of Isaac.Jerome I. Gellman - 2003
     
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  45.  62
    Granés S., José.(2005). Isaac Newton: Obra y Contexto; Una introducción. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, XVI, 298 p. Índice, bibliografía. Apéndice: La investigación científica según Boyle, 31 p. Cárdenas José Luis. [REVIEW]Tomás Barrero - 2006 - Ideas Y Valores 55 (130):85-89.
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  46. Philosophy in a Time of Crisis Don Isaac Abravanel, Defender of the Faith.Seymour Feldman - 2003
     
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  47.  19
    Décision Humaine Et Animale Dans la Pensée de Rabbi Isaac Israeli.Shalom Sadik - 2013 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 21 (2):143-160.
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  48.  13
    Isaac de l'Étoile lecteur du livre de la nature.Christian Trottmann - 2011 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 95 (2):343-362.
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  49.  9
    Early Ashkenazic Poems About the Binding of Isaac.Oren Roman - 2016 - Naharaim 10 (2):175-194.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Naharaim Jahrgang: 10 Heft: 2 Seiten: 175-194.
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  50.  9
    Isaac Israeli, a Neoplatonic Philosopher of the Early Tenth Century.Isaac Israeli - 1979 - Greenwood Press.
    Additionally, Isaac Israeli features a biographical sketch of the philosopher and extensive notes and comments on the texts, as well as a survey and appraisal ...
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