Results for 'Douglas D. Noble'

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  1.  30
    Cockpit Cognition: Education, the Military and Cognitive Engineering. [REVIEW]Douglas D. Noble - 1989 - AI and Society 3 (4):271-296.
    The goals of public education, as well as conceptions of human intelligence and learning, are undergoing a transformation through the application of military-sponsored information technologies and information processing models of human thought. Recent emphases in education on thinking skills, learning strategies, and computer-based technologies are the latest episodes in the postwar military agenda to engineer intelligent components, human and artificial, for the optimal performance of complex technological systems. Public education serves increasingly as a “human factors” laboratory and production site for (...)
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  2.  12
    References for Noble (From Page 11).Douglas D. Noble - 1992 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 9 (1):23-23.
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  3.  4
    References for Noble.Douglas D. Noble - 1992 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 9 (1):23-23.
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  4.  15
    Why Problem Solving and Critical Thinking?Douglas D. Noble - 1992 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 9 (1):7-11.
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  5.  6
    Why Problem Solving and Critical Thinking?: An Historical Critique of Artificial Intelligence Paradigms in Current Educational Thought.Douglas D. Noble - 1992 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 9 (1):7-11.
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  6. Extensions of the Prisoner's Dilemma Paradigm: The Altruist's Dilemma and Group Solidarity.Douglas D. Heckathorn - 1991 - Sociological Theory 9 (1):34-52.
    Many recent studies of norm emergence employ the "prisoner's dilemma" (PD) paradigm, which focuses on the free-rider problem that can block the cooperation required for the emergence of social norms. This paper proposes an expansion of the PD paradigm to include a closely related game termed the "altruist's dilemma" (AD). Whereas egoistic behavior in the PD leads to collectively irrational outcomes, the opposite is the case in the AD: altruistic behavior (e.g., following the Golden Rule) leads to collectively irrational outcomes, (...)
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  7.  7
    Akalaṅka's Criticism of Dharmakīrti's Philosophy--A Study.Douglas D. Daye - 1976 - Philosophy East and West 26 (4):480-481.
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  8. Reflexivity and Metalanguage Games in Buddhist Causality.Douglas D. Daye - 1975 - Philosophy East and West 25 (1):95-100.
  9.  45
    On Translating the Term "Drstānta" in Early Buddhist Formal Logic.Douglas D. Daye - 1988 - Philosophy East and West 38 (2):147-156.
  10.  9
    Non-Recursiveness of the Set of Finite Sets of Equations Whose Theories Are One-Based.Douglas D. Smith - 1972 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 13 (1):135-138.
  11.  4
    Soclologlcal Ratlonal Cholce.Douglas D. Heckathorn - 2001 - In Barry Smart & George Ritzer (eds.), Handbook of Social Theory. Sage Publications. pp. 273.
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  12. Douglas D. Heckathorn.Sociological Rational Choice - 2001 - In Barry Smart & George Ritzer (eds.), Handbook of Social Theory. Sage Publications.
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  13.  33
    Douglas D. C. Chambers; David Galbraith . The Letterbooks of John Evelyn. Two Volumes. Lxiii + 1,236 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2014. €195. [REVIEW]Michael Hunter - 2015 - Isis 106 (4):920-921.
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  14.  2
    Some Factors Involved in Complex-Picture Recognition.Michael J. Kiphart, Douglas D. Sjogren & Henry A. Cross - 1984 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 22 (3):197-199.
  15.  24
    The Effects of Uncertainty on the WTA–WTP Gap.Robert J. Reilly & Douglas D. Davis - 2015 - Theory and Decision 78 (2):261-272.
    We analyze the effects of uncertainty on WTA, WTP and the WTA–WTP gap. Extending the approach of Weber to the case of lotteries, we develop an exact expression for the WTA–WTP gap that allows identification of its magnitude under different utility specifications. Reinterpreting and extending results by Gabillon, we also identify generally the relationship between an agent’s utility of income and the gap’s algebraic sign, as well as the effects of risk increases on WTA and WTP. Finally, we derive the (...)
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  16. Empirical Falsifiability And The Frequence Of Darsana Relevance In The Sixth Century Buddhist Logic Of Sankarasvamin.Douglas D. Daye - 1979 - Logique Et Analyse 22 (March-June):223-237.
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  17.  16
    Language and the Languages of East-West Philosophy: An Introduction.Douglas D. Daye - 1976 - Philosophy East and West 26 (2):113-115.
  18.  37
    On Whether the Buddhist 'Syllogism' (Par Rth Num Na) is a Sui Generis Inference.Douglas D. Daye - 1991 - Asian Philosophy 1 (2):175 – 183.
  19.  5
    Pramana-Naya-Tattvalokalamkara.Douglas D. Daye, Vadi Devasuri & Hari Satya Bhattacharya - 1976 - Philosophy East and West 26 (4):479.
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  20.  28
    Some Comparative Aspects of the Indian and Western Traditions of Formal Logic.Douglas D. Daye - 1976 - Dialectics and Humanism 3 (3-4):197-217.
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  21.  2
    Recognition of Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Pictures as a Function of Viewing Context.Michael J. Kiphart, Douglas D. Sjogren, Ross J. Loomis & Henry A. Cross - 1985 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (2):109-112.
  22.  5
    Thai Muslim Adolescents' Self, Sexuality, and Autonomy.Wanni Wibulswasdi Anderson & Douglas D. Anderson - 1986 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 14 (4):368-394.
  23.  4
    Thai Muslim Adolescents' Self, Sexuality, and Autonomy.Wanni Wibulswasdi Anderson & Douglas D. Anderson - 1986 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 14 (4):368-394.
  24.  39
    Going to School with Friedrich Nietzsche: The Self in Service of Noble Culture.Douglas W. Yacek - 2014 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 33 (4):391-411.
    To understand Nietzsche’s pedagogy of self-overcoming and to determine its true import for contemporary education, it is necessary to understand Nietzsche’s view of the self that is to be overcome. Nevertheless, previous interpretations of self-overcoming in the journals of the philosophy of education have lacked serious engagement with the Nietzschean self. I devote the first part of this paper to redressing this neglect and arguing for a view of the Nietzschean self as an assemblage of ontologically basic affects which have (...)
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  25. The Ecologically Noble Savage Revisited.Douglas J. Buege - 1996 - Environmental Ethics 18 (1):71-88.
    The stereotype of the “ecologically noble savage” is still prevalent in European-American discourses. I examine the empirical justifications offered for this stereotype, concluding that we lack sound empirical grounds for believing in “ecological nobility.” I argue that the stereotype should be abandoned because it has negative consequences for native peoples. Instead of accepting questionable stereotypes, philosophers and others should focus on the lives of particular peoples in order to understand their philosophies as well as the relationships that they maintain (...)
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  26. Understanding Everyday Life: Toward the Reconstruction of Sociological Knowledge.Jack D. Douglas - 1971 - London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    Understanding Everyday Life All of sociology necessarily begins with the understanding of everyday life, and all of sociology is directed either to ...
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  27.  14
    Agreed: The Harm Principle Cannot Replace the Best Interest Standard … but the Best Interest Standard Cannot Replace The Harm Principle Either.D. Micah Hester, Kellie R. Lang, Nanibaa' A. Garrison & Douglas S. Diekema - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (8):38-40.
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  28.  11
    Constraints and Preferences in Inductive Learning: An Experimental Study of Human and Machine Performance.Douglas L. Medin, William D. Wattenmaker & Ryszard S. Michalski - 1987 - Cognitive Science 11 (3):299-339.
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  29. State of the Field: Why Novel Prediction Matters.Heather Douglas & P. D. Magnus - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (4):580-589.
    There is considerable disagreement about the epistemic value of novel predictive success, i.e. when a scientist predicts an unexpected phenomenon, experiments are conducted, and the prediction proves to be accurate. We survey the field on this question, noting both fully articulated views such as weak and strong predictivism, and more nascent views, such as pluralist reasons for the instrumental value of prediction. By examining the various reasons offered for the value of prediction across a range of inferential contexts , we (...)
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  30. Brain Metabolite Levels in Sedentary Women and Non-Contact Athletes Differ From Contact Athletes.Amy L. Schranz, Gregory A. Dekaban, Lisa Fischer, Kevin Blackney, Christy Barreira, Timothy J. Doherty, Douglas D. Fraser, Arthur Brown, Jeff Holmes, Ravi S. Menon & Robert Bartha - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    White matter tracts are known to be susceptible to injury following concussion. The objective of this study was to determine whether contact play in sport could alter white matter metabolite levels in female varsity athletes independent of changes induced by long-term exercise. Metabolite levels were measured by single voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in the prefrontal white matter at the beginning and end of season in contact and non-contact varsity athletes. Sedentary women were scanned once, at a time equivalent to (...)
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  31.  86
    Evaluation of Information Retrieval for E-Discovery.Douglas W. Oard, Jason R. Baron, Bruce Hedin, David D. Lewis & Stephen Tomlinson - 2010 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 18 (4):347-386.
    The effectiveness of information retrieval technology in electronic discovery (E-discovery) has become the subject of judicial rulings and practitioner controversy. The scale and nature of E-discovery tasks, however, has pushed traditional information retrieval evaluation approaches to their limits. This paper reviews the legal and operational context of E-discovery and the approaches to evaluating search technology that have evolved in the research community. It then describes a multi-year effort carried out as part of the Text Retrieval Conference to develop evaluation methods (...)
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  32.  19
    The Coupling of Taxonomy and Function in Microbiomes.S. Andrew Inkpen, Gavin M. Douglas, T. D. P. Brunet, Karl Leuschen, W. Ford Doolittle & Morgan G. I. Langille - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (6):1225-1243.
    Microbiologists are transitioning from the study and characterization of individual strains or species to the profiling of whole microbiomes and microbial ecology. Equipped with high-throughput methods for studying the taxonomic and functional characteristics of diverse samples, they are just beginning to encounter the conceptual, theoretical, and experimental problems of comparing taxonomy to function, and extracting useful measures from such comparisons. Although still unresolved, these problems are well studied in macro-ecology and are reiterated here as an historical precautionary for microbial ecologists. (...)
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  33. Moral Neuroenhancement.Brian D. Earp, Thomas Douglas & Julian Savulescu - 2017 - In L. Syd M. Johnson & Karen S. Rommelfanger (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics. Routledge.
    In this chapter, we introduce the notion of “moral neuroenhancement,” offering a novel definition as well as spelling out three conditions under which we expect that such neuroenhancement would be most likely to be permissible (or even desirable). Furthermore, we draw a distinction between first-order moral capacities, which we suggest are less promising targets for neurointervention, and second-order moral capacities, which we suggest are more promising. We conclude by discussing concerns that moral neuroenhancement might restrict freedom or otherwise “misfire,” and (...)
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  34.  26
    Economic Rights of Women in Ancient Greece.Douglas M. MacDowell & D. M. Schaps - 1981 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 101:188-189.
  35.  2
    eLIPS: Development and Validation of an Observational Tool for Examining Early Language in Play Settings.Lynne G. Duncan, Conny Gollek & Douglas D. Potter - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  36.  79
    The Influence of Perceived Importance of an Ethical Issue on Moral Judgment, Moral Obligation, and Moral Intent.Russell Haines, Marc D. Street & Douglas Haines - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (2):387-399.
    The study extends and tests the issue contingent four-component model of ethical decision-making to include moral obligation. A web-based questionnaire was used to gauge the influence of perceived importance of an ethical issue on moral judgment and moral intent. Perceived importance of an ethical issue was found to be a predictor of moral judgment but not of moral intent as predicted. Moral obligation is suggested to be a process that occurs after a moral judgment is made and explained a significant (...)
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  37.  16
    The Usefulness of Social Norm Theory in Empirical Business Ethics Research: A Review and Suggestions for Future Research.Allen D. Blay, Eric S. Gooden, Mark J. Mellon & Douglas E. Stevens - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 152 (1):191-206.
    In response to recent calls to extend the underlying theories used in the literature :375–413, 2005; Craft in J Bus Ethics 117:221–259, 2013), we review the usefulness of social norm theory in empirical business ethics research. We begin by identifying the seeds of social norm theory in Adam Smith’s The Theory of Moral Sentiments, the Glasgow Edition, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1759/1790) seminal work, The Theory of Moral Sentiments. Next, we introduce recent theory in social norm activation by Bicchieri and (...)
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  38. Plato's 'Noble' Lie.D. Dombrowski - 1997 - History of Political Thought 18 (4):565-578.
    The purpose of this article is both to examine Plato's own use of the noble lie in politics and to examine it within the context of contemporary political philosophy, a context wherein at least three different assessments of the noble lie are possible. First I will consider the strengths of those (e.g. Karl Popper) who see the noble lie as part of, or at least leading to, totalitarian politics. Second I will also consider the degree to which (...)
     
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  39.  19
    Descriptive Behaviorism Versus Cognitive Theory in Verbal Operant Conditioning.Charles D. Spielberger & L. Douglas Denike - 1966 - Psychological Review 73 (4):306-326.
  40.  82
    Narratives of 'Terminal Sedation', and the Importance of the Intention-Foresight Distinction in Palliative Care Practice.Charles D. Douglas, Ian H. Kerridge & Rachel A. Ankeny - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (1):1-11.
    The moral importance of the ‘intention–foresight’ distinction has long been a matter of philosophical controversy, particularly in the context of end-of-life care. Previous empirical research in Australia has suggested that general physicians and surgeons may use analgesic or sedative infusions with ambiguous intentions, their actions sometimes approximating ‘slow euthanasia’. In this paper, we report findings from a qualitative study of 18 Australian palliative care medical specialists, using in-depth interviews to address the use of sedation at the end of life. The (...)
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  41.  37
    Enhancing Moral Intensity: The Roles of Personal and Consequential Information in Ethical Decision-Making. [REVIEW]Loy D. Watley & Douglas R. May - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 50 (2):105-126.
    This research explored how (a) information regarding consequences and (b) personal information regarding the potential victim influences perceptions of moral intensity and ethical behavioral intent. An experimental vignette research design was used and 314 professional managers participated. The results of the study indicated that personal information impacted ethical behavioral intent through its influence on perceptions of proximity. In contrast, consequential information''s impact depended on the presence of personal information or prior knowledge. Implications for management and future ethical research are discussed.
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  42.  34
    Does Rank Have its Privilege? Inductive Inferences Within Folkbiological Taxonomies.John D. Coley, Douglas L. Medin & Scott Atran - 1997 - Cognition 64 (1):73-112.
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  43.  1
    Facebook Use and Social Capital: To Bond, To Bridge, or to Escape.Douglas M. McLeod, Jonathan D’Angelo & Min-Woo Kwon - 2013 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 33 (1-2):35-43.
    This study employs the uses and gratification approach to investigate how different forms of Facebook use are linked to bridging social capital and bonding social capital. A survey of 152 college students was conducted to address research questions and to test hypotheses. Factor analysis identified six unique uses and gratifications: information seeking, entertainment, communication, social relations, escape, and Facebook applications. Findings reveal that intensity of Facebook use and the use of Facebook for social relations are positive predictors of bridging social (...)
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  44.  15
    Inductive Reasoning in Folkbiological Thought.John D. Coley, Douglas L. Medin, Julia Beth Proffitt, Elizabeth Lynch & Scott Atran - 1999 - In D. Medin & S. Atran (eds.), Folkbiology. MIT Press. pp. 211-12.
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  45.  24
    Double Meanings Will Not Save the Principle of Double Effect.Charles D. Douglas, Ian H. Kerridge & Rachel A. Ankeny - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (3):304-316.
    In an article somewhat ironically entitled “Disambiguating Clinical Intentions,” Lynn Jansen promotes an idea that should be bewildering to anyone familiar with the literature on the intention/foresight distinction. According to Jansen, “intention” has two commonsense meanings, one of which is equivalent to “foresight.” Consequently, questions about intention are “infected” with ambiguity—people cannot tell what they mean and do not know how to answer them. This hypothesis is unsupported by evidence, but Jansen states it as if it were accepted fact. In (...)
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  46.  4
    Deformation of Single Crystals of Iron 3% Silicon.F. W. Noble & D. Hull - 1965 - Philosophical Magazine 12 (118):777-796.
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  47.  28
    Global Contested Terrain: The Case of the Tuna-Dolphin Controversy. [REVIEW]Douglas H. Constance, Alessandro Bonanno & William D. Heffernan - 1995 - Agriculture and Human Values 12 (3):19-33.
    Employing the case of the global tuna-fish industry, it is argued that the process of globalization is contested terrain as it opens “free spaces” to some classes or groups and closes “free spaces” to others; that the nation-States' regulatory abilities are weakened; and finally, that while some social movements may gain, others are marginalized. Three basic conclusions are reached. (1) The industry's actions were successfully “contested” by environmental groups supported by the legislative and judicial branches of the US State. (2) (...)
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  48.  37
    Medically Inappropriate or Futile Treatment: Deliberation and Justification.Cheryl J. Misak, Douglas B. White & Robert D. Truog - 2016 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (1):90-114.
    This paper reframes the futility debate, moving away from the question “Who decides when to end what is considered to be a medically inappropriate or futile treatment?” and toward the question “How can society make policy that will best account for the multitude of values and conflicts involved in such decision-making?” It offers a pragmatist moral epistemology that provides us with a clear justification of why it is important to take best standards, norms, and physician judgment seriously and a clear (...)
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  49.  23
    Cognitive Complexity and Control: A Theory of the Development of Deliberate Reasoning and Intentional Action.P. D. Zelazo & Douglas Frye - 1997 - In Maxim I. Stamenov (ed.), Language Structure, Discourse, and the Access to Consciousness. John Benjamins.
  50.  27
    Spacing, Mirror-Image Repetition, and Memory for Pictures.Douglas L. Hintzman & Leonard D. Stern - 1977 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 10 (4):321-324.
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