Results for 'Marta Gluchmanová'

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  1. Students’ Views on Ethical Issues in Slovak Education.Vasil Gluchman & Gluchmanova Marta - 2018 - Journal of Educational Sciences and Psychology (1):44-55.
    The authors of the contribution closely follow the published results of their sociological research regarding views of Slovak teachers at primary and secondary schools in the area of relationships with students, parents, colleagues and superiors (Gluchman, & Gluchmanová, 2016). The present contribution analyses views of students at the second level of primary school and at secondary schools by means of evaluating their relationship to teachers, as well as relationships between parents and teachers while students’ views regarding the presence of (...)
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  2. Teacher and Education Versus Aggression and Violence at School.Marta Gluchmanová - 2012 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 2 (1-2):88-100.
    At present, an increase has been observed in aggressive behaviour and actions in students in as well as outside schools in Slovakia and other post-communist countries. This is often considered a manifestation of moral crises in the family and society. Socio-cultural changes also bring about negative phenomena, which are often present in the mentality and actions of children and the young. Moral problems in the teaching profession are a reflection of problems in society as such. It is the task of (...)
     
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  3. Contemporary Issues in Bioethics at the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy.Marta Gluchmanová - unknown - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 3 (3-4):201-206.
     
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  4. Humanity in the Professional Ethics of Teacher.Marta Gluchmanová - 2011 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 1 (1-2):62-69.
    The principle of humanity is, surely, one of the most significant moral principle regulating the influence of a teacher as a mature moral agent, since teachers, by means of their work, contribute to shaping the humanity and human dignity of students. The principle and value of humanity can, first of all, be applied to the relationship of the teacher towards students. Teachers should, by their humane approach, contribute to removing moral barriers, fear in children and youths, and accept them as (...)
     
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  5. John Dewey’s Ideas of Moral Education.Marta Gluchmanová - 2013 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 3 (3-4):149-158.
    I would like to research Dewey’s philosophy of education and its moral issues in context of contemporary debates. Dewey pointed out many moral educational problems which are topical also nowadays (in Slovakia too). Education tends to socialize its members. Dewey focuses especially on the quality and value of the socialization which depends upon the habits and goals of the group including its morality. According to him, to have a large number of common as well as moral values, it is necessary (...)
     
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  6. UNESCO Philosophy Day/Night 2016.Marta Gluchmanová, Michaela Petrufova Joppova & Vasil Gluchman - 2017 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 24 (2):273-277.
    UNESCO Philosophy Day/Night 2016 was full of intellectual input and efforts for critical reflection in a popular form which, we would like to hope, could motivate, in a great number of people, an interest in philosophy not only as cultural heritage but also a dynamic and constantly developing sphere of thought which is no less relevant at present than it was in the past. It could, thus, be concluded that, in the true sense, the event was a celebration of philosophy (...)
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  7. Development Ethics and Social Problems of the Contemporary World.Marta Gluchmanová & Vasil Gluchman - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (3-4):223-226.
     
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  8.  2
    Ethical Thinking of the Past and the Present.Marta Gluchmanová - 2020 - Sententiae 39 (2):251-256.
    Report on the international conference Ethical Thinking: Past and Present entitled Ethics in the 19th and 20th Centuries.
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  9.  24
    Non-Utilitarian Consequentialism and its Application in the Ethics of Teaching.Marta Gluchmanova - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 37:67-75.
    This paper aims to present of the ethics of social consequences (a form of non-utilitarian consequentialism) as a theoretical basis for the examination of teacher ethics and a tool for dealing with practical moral problems of the teaching profession. Teachers’ duty is to help students, teach them to recognize the difference between good and evil, right and wrong, show them that they have moral responsibility for their actions and all this can be very well attained on the basis of the (...)
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  10.  14
    Theoretical and Practical Aspects of a Professional Ethics of Teaching.Gluchmanová Marta - 2017 - Human Affairs 27 (1).
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  11.  24
    Marta Stefani. Corruzione e generazione: John T. Needham e l’origine del vivente. 232 pp., illus., bibl., index. Florence: Leo S. Olshki, 2002. €24. [REVIEW]Marta Cavazza - 2005 - Isis 96 (1):120-121.
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  12.  34
    Réplica de Marta Philp.Marta Philp - 2009 - Diálogos (Maringa) 13 (3).
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  13.  13
    Réplica de Marta Philp.Marta Philp - 2010 - Dialogos 13 (3).
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  14.  57
    Thoughts, Processive Character and the Stream of Consciousness.Marta Jorba - 2015 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 23 (5):730-753.
    This paper explores the relation of thought and the stream of consciousness in the light of an ontological argument raised against cognitive phenomenology views. I argue that the ontological argument relies on a notion of ‘processive character’ that does not stand up to scrutiny and therefore it is insufficient for the argument to go through. I then analyse two more views on what ‘processive character’ means and argue that the process-part account best captures the intuition behind the argument. Following this (...)
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  15.  24
    What Conceptual Spaces Can Do for Carnap's Late Inductive Logic.Marta Sznajder - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 56:62-71.
  16.  21
    The Near-Failure of Advance Directives: Why They Should Not Be Abandoned Altogether, but Their Role Radically Reconsidered.Marta Spranzi & Véronique Fournier - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (4):563-568.
    Advance directives have been hailed for two decades as the best way to safeguard patients’ autonomy when they are totally or partially incompetent. In many national contexts they are written into law and they are mostly associated with end-of-life decisions. Although advocates and critics of ADs exchange relevant empirical and theoretical arguments, the debate is inconclusive. We argue that this is so for good reasons: the ADs’ project is fraught with tensions, and this is the reason why they are both (...)
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  17. Electrophysiology Reveals Semantic Memory Use in Language Comprehension.Marta Kutas & Kara D. Federmeier - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (12):463-470.
  18.  11
    Trans-Human and Post-Human: A Challenge for the Human and Philosophical Sciences.Marta Toraldo & Domenico Maurizio Toraldo - 2019 - Open Journal of Philosophy 9 (1):54-61.
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  19. Evidence Amalgamation, Plausibility, and Cancer Research.Marta Bertolaso & Fabio Sterpetti - 2019 - Synthese 196 (8):3279-3317.
    Cancer research is experiencing ‘paradigm instability’, since there are two rival theories of carcinogenesis which confront themselves, namely the somatic mutation theory and the tissue organization field theory. Despite this theoretical uncertainty, a huge quantity of data is available thanks to the improvement of genome sequencing techniques. Some authors think that the development of new statistical tools will be able to overcome the lack of a shared theoretical perspective on cancer by amalgamating as many data as possible. We think instead (...)
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  20. Cognitive Phenomenology, Access to Contents, and Inner Speech.Marta Jorba & Agustin Vicente - 2014 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 21 (9-10):74-99.
    In this paper we introduce two issues relevantly related to the cognitive phenomenology debate, which, to our minds, have not been yet properly addressed: the relation between access and phenomenal consciousness in cognition and the relation between conscious thought and inner speech. In the first case, we ask for an explanation of how we have access to thought contents, and in the second case, an explanation of why is inner speech so pervasive in our conscious thinking. We discuss the prospects (...)
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  21. Aristotle on Becoming Virtuous by Doing Virtuous Actions.Marta Jimenez - 2016 - Phronesis 61 (1):3-32.
    Aristotle ’s claim that we become virtuous by doing virtuous actions raises a familiar problem: How can we perform virtuous actions unless we are already virtuous? I reject deflationary accounts of the answer given in _Nicomachean Ethics_ 2.4 and argue instead that proper habituation involves doing virtuous actions with the right motive, i.e. for the sake of the noble, even though learners do not yet have virtuous dispositions. My interpretation confers continuity to habituation and explains in a non-mysterious way how (...)
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  22.  51
    Explanation and Individual Essence.Márta Ujvári - 2017 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 13 (2):23-42.
    In this paper I show that a novel ontic reading of explanation, intending to capture the de re essential features of individuals, can support the qualitative view of individual essences. It is argued further that the putative harmful consequences of the Leibniz Principle and its converse for the qualitative view can be avoided, provided that individual essences are not construed in the style of the naïve bundle theory with set-theoretical identity- conditions. Adopting either the more sophisticated two-tier BT or, alternatively, (...)
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  23.  3
    Multidimensional Approach to Frailty.Marta Wleklik, Izabella Uchmanowicz, Ewa A. Jankowska, Cristiana Vitale, Magdalena Lisiak, Marcin Drozd, Piotr Pobrotyn, Michał Tkaczyszyn & Christopher Lee - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  24. Aristotelian Dialectic and the Discovery of Truth.Marta Wlodarczyk - 2000 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 18:153-210.
  25.  69
    Presupposition Cancellation: Explaining the ‘Soft–Hard’ Trigger Distinction.Márta Abrusán - 2016 - Natural Language Semantics 24 (2):165-202.
    Some presuppositions are easier to cancel than others in embedded contexts. This contrast has been used as evidence for distinguishing two fundamentally different kinds of presuppositions, ‘soft’ and ‘hard’. ‘Soft’ presuppositions are usually assumed to arise in a pragmatic way, while ‘hard’ presuppositions are thought to be genuine semantic presuppositions. This paper argues against such a distinction and proposes to derive the difference in cancellation from inherent differences in how presupposition triggers interact with the context: their focus sensitivity, anaphoricity, and (...)
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  26.  96
    Attitudinal Cognitive Phenomenology and the Horizon of Possibilities.Marta Jorba - 2016 - In Thiemo Breyer Christopher Gutland (ed.), The Phenomenology of Thinking. Philosophical Investigations into the Character of Cognitive Experiences. Routledge. pp. 77-96.
    This article presents two ways of contributing to the debate on cognitive phenomenology. First, it is argued that cognitive attitudes have a specific phenomenal character or attitudinal cognitive phenomenology and, second, an element in cognitive experiences is described, i.e., the horizon of possibilities, which arguably gives us more evidence for cognitive phenomenology views.
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  27. Aristotle on Enduring Evils While Staying Happy.Marta Jimenez - 2018 - In Pavlos Kontos (ed.), Evil in Aristotle. Cambridge University Press. pp. 150-169.
    In what ways and how far does virtue shield someone against suffering evils? In other words, how do non-moral evils affect the lives of virtuous people and to what extent can someone endure evils while staying happy? The central purpose of this chapter is to answer these questions by exploring what Aristotle has to say about the effects of evils in human well-being in general and his treatment of extreme misfortunes.
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  28.  6
    On the Production of a Multimodal News Item: An Argumentative Approach.Marta Zampa & Marina Bletsas - 2018 - Semiotica 2018 (220):155-172.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Semiotica Jahrgang: 2018 Heft: 220 Seiten: 155-172.
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  29.  39
    Individual Essence: Gibt Es Solche? [REVIEW]Márta Ujvári - 2013 - Metaphysica 14 (1):17-30.
    Two arguments are offered here for postulating individual essences of concrete individuals on top of their sortal essences. One is the explanatory gap argument, the other draws on the analogy with the individual essences of events presupposed in single causal explanations. These arguments support qualitative individual essences with explanatory goals as opposed to hybrid impure relational essences accounting for origin and numerical identity. It is highlighted why origin properties as parts of impure relational essences do not yield genuine de re (...)
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  30.  38
    The Art of Dialectic Between Dialogue and Rhetoric: The Aristotelian Tradition.Marta Spranzi - 2011 - John Benjamins.
    introduction Dialectic and the notion of tradition The past does not pull back but presses forward. (Hannah Arendt 1977: 10) Through the confrontation over ...
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  31.  21
    Por una estética de la naturaleza: la belleza natural como argumento ecologista.Marta Tafalla - 2005 - Isegoría 32:215-226.
    En este artículo defiendo la tesis de que la estética de la naturaleza puede ofrecer a la ética de la naturaleza uno de los mejores argumentos ecologistas. Creo que el valor estético de la naturaleza, tradicionalmente olvidado por la filosofía, puede revitalizar las discusiones que tienen lugar en la ética de la naturaleza, y permite enfocar de un modo nuevo la cuestión de si la naturaleza posee un valor intrínseco o un valor instrumental.
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  32.  4
    Individual Essence: Gibt Es Solche?Márta Ujvári - 2013 - Metaphysica 14 (1):17-30.
    Two arguments are offered here for postulating individual essences of concrete individuals on top of their sortal essences. One is the explanatory gap argument, the other draws on the analogy with the individual essences of events presupposed in single causal explanations. These arguments support qualitative individual essences with explanatory goals as opposed to hybrid impure relational essences accounting for origin and numerical identity. It is highlighted why origin properties as parts of impure relational essences do not yield genuine de re (...)
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  33.  75
    Predicting the Presuppositions of Soft Triggers.Márta Abrusán - 2011 - Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (6):491-535.
    The central idea behind this paper is that presuppositions of soft triggers arise from the way our attention structures the informational content of a sentence. Some aspects of the information conveyed are such that we pay attention to them by default, even in the absence of contextual information. On the other hand, contextual cues or conversational goals can divert attention to types of information that we would not pay attention to by default. Either way, whatever we do not pay attention (...)
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  34.  58
    There Is No Special Problem of Mindreading in Nonhuman Animals.Marta Halina - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (3):473-490.
    There is currently a consensus among comparative psychologists that nonhuman animals are capable of some forms of mindreading. Several philosophers and psychologists have criticized this consensus, however, arguing that there is a “logical problem” with the experimental approach used to test for mindreading in nonhuman animals. I argue that the logical problem is no more than a version of the general skeptical problem known as the theoretician’s dilemma. As such, it is not a problem that comparative psychologists must solve before (...)
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  35.  2
    Engaging in Creativity Broadens Attentional Scope.Marta K. Wronska, Alina Kolańczyk & Bernard A. Nijstad - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  36.  85
    Conscious Thinking and Cognitive Phenomenology: Topics, Views and Future Developments.Marta Jorba & Dermot Moran - 2016 - Philosophical Explorations 19 (2):95-113.
    This introduction presents a state of the art of philosophical research on cognitive phenomenology and its relation to the nature of conscious thinking more generally. We firstly introduce the question of cognitive phenomenology, the motivation for the debate, and situate the discussion within the fields of philosophy, cognitive psychology and consciousness studies. Secondly, we review the main research on the question, which we argue has so far situated the cognitive phenomenology debate around the following topics and arguments: phenomenal contrast, epistemic (...)
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  37.  37
    United in Diversity: An Organic Overview of Non-Adaptationist Evolutionary Epistemology.Marta Facoetti - forthcoming - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie.
    The non-adaptationist approach to evolutionary epistemology was born at the end of the 1970s as an alternative to traditional adaptationist EE. Despite the fact that non-adaptationist EE offers compelling interpretative models and its explanatory power is widely recognised, an organic overview of the broad non-adaptationist field is still lacking. In this paper, I propose to fill this gap. To this effect, after providing a systematisation of the perspectives that are commonly associated with non-adaptationist EE, I will discuss two recurring orders (...)
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  38.  47
    Fostering Corporate Social Responsibility Through Public Initiative: From the EU to the Spanish Case. [REVIEW]Marta de la Cuesta González & Carmen Valor Martinez - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 55 (3):275 - 293.
    Should CSR be approached only on a voluntary basis or should it be complemented with a compulsory regulatory framework? What type of government intervention is more effective in fostering CSR among companies? This paper is an attempt to answer these questions, reviewing the debate between proponents of the voluntary case and the obligatory case for CSR, and critically analysing current international government-led initiatives to foster CSR among companies, and national government-led initiatives in the EU area. Finally, the paper focuses on (...)
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  39.  17
    Picturing Time: The Work of Etienne-Jules Marey.Marta Braun - 1995 - University of Chicago Press.
    A complete, illustrated survey of Etienne-Jules Marey's work that investigates the far reaching effects of her inventions on stream-of-consciousness literature, psychoanalysis, Bergsonian philosophy, and the art of cubists and futurists.
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  40.  16
    Zamyšlení nad Fregovou definicí čísla.Marta Vlasáková - 2010 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 17 (3):339-353.
    In his treatise Die Grundlagen der Arithmetik, Gottlob Frege tries to find a definition of number. First he rejects the idea that number could be a property of external objects. Then he comes with a suggestion that a numerical statement expresses a property of a concept, namely it indicates how many objects fall under the concept. Subsequently Frege rejects, or at least essentially modifies, also this definition, because in his view that a number cannot be a property – it should (...)
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  41.  21
    Proof Theory for Positive Logic with Weak Negation.Marta Bílková & Almudena Colacito - 2020 - Studia Logica 108 (4):649-686.
    Proof-theoretic methods are developed for subsystems of Johansson’s logic obtained by extending the positive fragment of intuitionistic logic with weak negations. These methods are exploited to establish properties of the logical systems. In particular, cut-free complete sequent calculi are introduced and used to provide a proof of the fact that the systems satisfy the Craig interpolation property. Alternative versions of the calculi are later obtained by means of an appropriate loop-checking history mechanism. Termination of the new calculi is proved, and (...)
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  42.  19
    Brittleness Prediction for the Lower Paleozoic Shales in Northern Poland.Marta Cyz, Marta Mulińska, Radomir Pachytel & Michał Malinowski - 2018 - Interpretation: SEG 6 (3):SH13-SH23.
    We have tested brittleness prediction by integrating well and 3D seismic data using machine learning for Lower Paleozoic shales from the Baltic Basin in northern Poland. The workflow allowed for differentiation of the brittle and ductile zones of the thin shale layers, as well as mapping of the marly formation with superior resolution as compared with the resolution of the original input seismic data. The important part of the success was the appropriate definition of the mineralogical brittleness index tailored to (...)
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  43.  10
    An Exploration Into Enactive Forms of Forgetting.Marta Caravà - forthcoming - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-20.
    Remembering and forgetting are the two poles of the memory system. Consequently, any approach to memory should be able to explain both remembering and forgetting in order to gain a comprehensive and insightful understanding of the memory system. Can an enactive approach to memory processes do so? In this article I propose a possible way to provide a positive answer to this question. In line with some current enactive approaches to memory, I suggest that forgetting –similarly to remembering– might be (...)
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  44.  9
    Can Finance Be a Virtuous Practice? A MacIntyrean Account.Marta Rocchi, Ignacio Ferrero & Ron Beadle - 2021 - Business Ethics Quarterly 31 (1):75-105.
    ABSTRACTFinance may suffer from institutional deformations that subordinate its distinctive goods to the pursuit of external goods, but this should encourage attempts to reform the institutionalization of finance rather than to reject its potential for virtuous business activity. This article argues that finance should be regarded as a domain-relative practice. Alongside management, its moral status thereby varies with the purposes it serves. Hence, when practitioners working in finance facilitate projects that create common goods, it allows them to develop virtues. This (...)
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  45.  4
    Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms and Post-Traumatic Growth in 223 Childhood Cancer Survivors: Predictive Risk Factors.Marta Tremolada, Sabrina Bonichini, Giuseppe Basso & Marta Pillon - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  46. Conscious Thought and the Limits of Restrictivism.Marta Jorba - 2015 - Critica 47 (141):3-32.
    How should we characterize the nature of conscious occurrent thought? In the last few years, a rather unexplored topic has appeared in philosophy of mind: cognitive phenomenology or the phenomenal character of cognitive mental episodes. In this paper I firstly present the motivation for cognitive phenomenology views through phenomenal contrast cases, taken as a challenge for their opponents. Secondly, I explore the stance against cognitive phenomenology views proposed by Restrictivism, classifying it in two strategies, sensory restrictivism and accompanying states. On (...)
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  47.  97
    Laypeople Do Use Sample Variance: The Effect of Embedding Data in a Variance-Implying Story.Marta T. Suárez, Gretchen B. Chapman & Natalie A. Obrecht - 2010 - Thinking and Reasoning 16 (1):26-44.
    When using sample data to decide whether two populations differ, laypeople attend to the difference between group means, but largely overlook within-group variability (Obrecht, Chapman, & Gelman, 2007). We show, first, that laypeople know about and use story-implied variability when making pairwise comparisons. Then we demonstrate that participants' sensitivity to variance in a dataset is boosted when presented in a context that implies consistent variance information. Statistical data were couched in stories about electrical conductivity measurements obtained from element samples (low-variability (...)
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  48.  55
    Conceptual Challenges in the Theoretical Foundations of Systems Biology.Marta Bertolaso & Emanuele Ratti - 2018 - In Mariano Bizzarri (ed.), Systems Biology. New York: Springer, Humana Press. pp. 1-13.
    In the last decade, Systems Biology has emerged as a conceptual and explanatory alternative to reductionist-based approaches in molecular biology. However, the foundations of this new discipline need to be fleshed out more carefully. In this paper, we claim that a relational ontology is a necessary tool to ground both the conceptual and explanatory aspects of Systems Biology. A relational ontology holds that relations are prior—both conceptually and explanatory—to entities, and that in the biological realm entities are defined primarily by (...)
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  49.  8
    Scientific Practice in Modeling Diseases: Stances From Cancer Research and Neuropsychiatry.Marta Bertolaso & Raffaella Campaner - 2020 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 45 (1):105-128.
    In the last few decades, philosophy of science has increasingly focused on multilevel models and causal mechanistic explanations to account for complex biological phenomena. On the one hand, biological and biomedical works make extensive use of mechanistic concepts; on the other hand, philosophers have analyzed an increasing range of examples taken from different domains in the life sciences to test—support or criticize—the adequacy of mechanistic accounts. The article highlights some challenges in the elaboration of mechanistic explanations with a focus on (...)
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  50.  24
    Hierarchies and Causal Relationships in Interpretative Models of the Neoplastic Process.Marta Bertolaso - 2011 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 33 (4).
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