Results for 'Peter A. Degen'

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  1.  3
    The God Particle: If the Universe Is the Answer, What Is the Question?. Leon Lederman, Dick TeresiDreams of a Final Theory. Steven Weinberg.Peter A. Degen - 1994 - Isis 85 (4):736-738.
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  2.  7
    Science and Cultural Crisis: An Intellectual Biography of Percy Williams Bridgman Maila L. Walter.Peter A. Degen - 1992 - Isis 83 (3):515-516.
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  3.  6
    The Theology of Electricity: On the Encounter and Explanation of Theology and Science in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Ernst Benz, Dennis Stillings, Wolfgang Taraba.Peter A. Degen - 1991 - Isis 82 (4):748-749.
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  4. Peter A. Stanwick Sarah D. Stanwick.Peter A. Stanwick - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17:195-204.
     
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  5.  19
    Is Conscious Perception a Series of Discrete Temporal Frames?Peter A. White - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 60:98-126.
  6.  19
    Empowerment Failure: How Shortcomings in Physician Communication Unwittingly Undermine Patient Autonomy.Peter A. Ubel, Karen A. Scherr & Angela Fagerlin - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (11):31-39.
    Many health care decisions depend not only upon medical facts, but also on value judgments—patient goals and preferences. Until recent decades, patients relied on doctors to tell them what to do. Then ethicists and others convinced clinicians to adopt a paradigm shift in medical practice, to recognize patient autonomy, by orienting decision making toward the unique goals of individual patients. Unfortunately, current medical practice often falls short of empowering patients. In this article, we reflect on whether the current state of (...)
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  7.  30
    A Principle of Responsive Adjustment: Peter A. French.Peter A. French - 1984 - Philosophy 59 (230):491-503.
    I. On the morning of 28 November 1979 flight TE-901, a DC-10 operated by Air New Zealand Limited, took off from Auckland, New Zealand, on a sightseeing passenger flight over a portion of Antarctica. The pilot in command was Captain Collins. The following are paragraphs from the official Report of the Royal Commission that inquired into the events surrounding that flight.
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  8.  49
    Singular Clues to Causality and Their Use in Human Causal Judgment.Peter A. White - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (1):38-75.
    It is argued that causal understanding originates in experiences of acting on objects. Such experiences have consistent features that can be used as clues to causal identification and judgment. These are singular clues, meaning that they can be detected in single instances. A catalog of 14 singular clues is proposed. The clues function as heuristics for generating causal judgments under uncertainty and are a pervasive source of bias in causal judgment. More sophisticated clues such as mechanism clues and repeated interventions (...)
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  9.  11
    Why It's Not Time for Health Care Rationing.Peter A. Ubel - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (2):15-19.
  10.  4
    Perception of Forces Exerted by Objects in Collision Events.Peter A. White - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (3):580-601.
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  11.  24
    Error-Correction Techniques and Sequences in Instructional Settings: Toward a Comparative Framework. [REVIEW]Peter A. D. Weeks - 1985 - Human Studies 8 (3):195 - 233.
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  12.  13
    The Causal Asymmetry.Peter A. White - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (1):132-147.
  13.  28
    Naive Analysis of Food Web Dynamics: A Study of Causal Judgment About Complex Physical Systems.Peter A. White - 2000 - Cognitive Science 24 (4):605-650.
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  14.  21
    Processing Scalar Implicature: A Constraint‐Based Approach.Judith Degen & Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (4):667-710.
    Three experiments investigated the processing of the implicature associated with some using a “gumball paradigm.” On each trial, participants saw an image of a gumball machine with an upper chamber with 13 gumballs and an empty lower chamber. Gumballs then dropped to the lower chamber and participants evaluated statements, such as “You got some of the gumballs.” Experiment 1 established that some is less natural for reference to small sets and unpartitioned sets compared to intermediate sets. Partitive some of was (...)
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  15.  42
    The Effect of Corruption on Japanese Foreign Direct Investment.Peter A. Voyer & Paul W. Beamish - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 50 (3):211-224.
    In an effort to reduce risk and uncertainty, we hypothesize that investors avoid countries where high corruption exists. We investigate this issue by examining the relationship of levels of perceived corruption on Japanese Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in both industrialized and emerging economies. The analysis presented utilizes a sample of 29,546 investments in 59 countries. Results suggest that in emerging nations, where comprehensive legal and regulatory frameworks do not exist to effectively curtail fraudulent activity, corruption serves to reduce FDI. Managers (...)
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  16.  11
    Disability and Sunshine: Can Hedonic Predictions Be Improved by Drawing Attention to Focusing Illusions or Emotional Adaptation?Peter A. Ubel, George Loewenstein & Christopher Jepson - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 11 (2):111-123.
  17.  32
    Musical Time as a Practical Accomplishment: A Change in Tempo. [REVIEW]Peter A. D. Weeks - 1990 - Human Studies 13 (4):323 - 359.
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  18.  24
    Social Acceptability, Personal Responsibility, and Prognosis in Public Judgments and Transplant Allocation.Peter A. Ubel, Jonathan Baron & David A. Asch - 1999 - Bioethics 13 (1):57–68.
  19.  12
    The Power PC Theory and Causal Powers: Comment on Cheng and Novick and Cheng.Peter A. White - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (3):675-682.
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  20.  7
    Impressions of Enforced Disintegration and Bursting in the Visual Perception of Collision Events.Peter A. White & Alan Milne - 1999 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 128 (4):499.
  21.  18
    Asymmetric Neural Control Systems in Human Self-Regulation.Don M. Tucker & Peter A. Williamson - 1984 - Psychological Review 91 (2):185-215.
  22. Contemporary Perspectives in the Philosophy of Language Edited by Peter A. French, Theodore E. Uehling, Jr., Howard K. Wettstein. --. [REVIEW]Howard K. Wettstein, Theodore Edward Uehling & Peter A. French - 1979 - University of Minnesota Press.
     
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  23. Moore's "New" Open Question Argument.Peter A. Sutton - 2014 - Res Philosophica 91 (4):681-693.
    For more than 100 years, metaethicists have overlooked the best version of G. E. Moore’s Open Question argument. This despite the fact that it appears on the same page of Principia Ethica as his other, weaker versions of the argument. This better Open Question Argument does not rely on introspection of the meanings of ethical terms, and so does not fall to the standard criticisms of Moore. In this paper, I present this ‘new’ Open Question Argument and show that Moore (...)
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  24. The Corporation as a Moral Person.Peter A. French - 1979 - American Philosophical Quarterly 16 (3):207 - 215.
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  25.  6
    Goodness of Visual Regularities: A Nontransformational Approach.Peter A. van der Helm & Emanuel L. J. Leeuwenberg - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (3):429-456.
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  26. A Sketch of a Theory of Moral Blameworthiness.Peter A. Graham - 2014 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 88 (2):388-409.
    In this paper I sketch an account of moral blame and blameworthiness. I begin by clarifying what I take blame to be and explaining how blameworthiness is to be analyzed in terms of it. I then consider different accounts of the conditions of blameworthiness and, in the end, settle on one according to which a person is blameworthy for φ-ing just in case, in φ-ing, she violates one of a particular class of moral requirements governing the attitudes we bear, and (...)
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  27.  48
    Strengthening Morality and Ethics in Educational Assessment Through Ubuntu in South Africa.Peter A. D. Beets - 2012 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (s2):68-83.
    While assessment is regarded as integral to enhancing the quality of teaching and learning, it is also a practice fraught with moral and ethical issues. An analysis is made of current assessment practices of teachers in South Africa which seem to straddle the domains of accountability and professional codes of conduct. In the process the position of the teacher as mediator between policies and diverse learner needs is explored in the light of moral and ethical considerations. Based on the notions (...)
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  28.  14
    Examination of Preservice and in‐Service Secondary Science Teachers' Beliefs About Science‐Technology‐Society Interactions.Peter A. Rubba & William L. Harkness - 1993 - Science Education 77 (4):407-431.
  29.  7
    Agency Is Messy: Get Used to It.Peter A. Ubel - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (9):37-38.
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  30.  26
    The Challenge of Measuring Community Values in Ways Appropriate for Setting Health Care Priorities.Peter A. Ubel - 1999 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 9 (3):263-284.
    : The move from a notion that community values ought to play a role in health care decision making to the creation of health care policies that in some way reflect such values is a challenging one. No single method will adequately measure community values in a way appropriate for setting health care priorities. Consequently, multiple methods to measure community values should be employed, thereby allowing the strengths and weaknesses of the various methods to complement each other. A preliminary research (...)
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  31.  5
    A Better Approach to Goodness: Reply to Wagemans.Peter A. van der Helm & Emanuel L. J. Leeuwenberg - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (3):622-630.
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  32.  17
    Psychological Metaphysics.Peter A. White - 1993 - Routledge.
    Psychological Metaphysics is an exploration of the most basic and important assumptions in the psychological construction of reality, with the aim of showing what they are, how they originate, and what they are there for. Peter White proposes that people basically understand causation in terms of stable, special powers of things operating to produce effects under suitable conditions. This underpins an analysis of people's understanding of causal processes in the physical world, and of human action. In making a radical (...)
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  33.  5
    When Redundancy is Useful: A Bayesian Approach to “Overinformative” Referring Expressions.Judith Degen, Robert D. Hawkins, Caroline Graf, Elisa Kreiss & Noah D. Goodman - 2020 - Psychological Review 127 (4):591-621.
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  34. In Defense of Objectivism About Moral Obligation.Peter A. Graham - 2010 - Ethics 121 (1):88-115.
    There is a debate in normative ethics about whether or not our moral obligations depend solely on either our evidence concerning, or our beliefs about, the world. Subjectivists maintain that they do and objectivists maintain that they do not. I shall offer some arguments in support of objectivism and respond to the strongest argument for subjectivism. I shall also briefly consider the significance of my discussion to the debate over whether one’s future voluntary actions are relevant to one’s current moral (...)
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  35.  49
    Responsibility Matters.Retribution Reconsidered: More Essays in the Philosophy of Law.Desert.Michael J. Zimmerman, Peter A. French, Jeffrie G. Murphy & George Sher - 1995 - Noûs 29 (2):248.
  36. GOL: A General Ontological Language.Wolfgang Degen, Barbara Heller, Heinrich Herre & Barry Smith - 2001 - In Chris Welty & Barry Smith (eds.), Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS). New York: ACM Press. pp. 34-46.
    Every domain-specific ontology must use as a framework some upper-level ontology which describes the most general, domain-independent categories of reality. In the present paper we sketch a new type of upper-level ontology, which is intended to be the basis of a knowledge modelling language GOL (for: 'General Ontological Language'). It turns out that the upper- level ontology underlying standard modelling languages such as KIF, F-Logic and CycL is restricted to the ontology of sets. Set theory has considerable mathematical power and (...)
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  37.  42
    Does Elusive Becoming in Fact Characterize H. D. Lewis' View of the Mind?: PETER A. BERTOCCI.Peter A. Bertocci - 1979 - Religious Studies 15 (3):399-405.
    It was a little over ten years ago, 1967–8, that H. D. Lewis delivered the first series of Gifford lectures, The Elusive Mind, in the University of Edinburgh. It was my privilege that year to be an auditor in the Seminar at King's College that Professor Lewis was conducting with his students in the area of this topic. I had already read the works in which, in the midst of neo-orthodox and existentialist religious movements, he had devoted himself to critical (...)
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  38. The Foundations of Analytic Philosophy / Editors, Peter A. French, Theodore E. Uehling, Jr., Howard K. Wettstein, Associate Editor, Jeffery Johnson. [REVIEW]Peter A. French, Theodore Edward Uehling & Howard K. Wettstein - 1981
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  39. Chapter Nineteen Evolutionary Genius and the Intensity of Artistic Life: Who Makes Musical History? Peter A. Kulichkin.Peter A. Kulichkin - 2007 - In L. I͡A Dorfman, Colin Martindale & Vladimir Petrov (eds.), Aesthetics and Innovation. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 363.
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  40.  28
    The Survival of My Counterpart.Peter A. French - 1982 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 20 (1):53-60.
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  41.  26
    Senses of “Blame”.Peter A. French - 1976 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 14 (4):443-452.
  42.  21
    A Theory of Contract Law: Empirical Insights and Moral Psychology.Peter A. Alces - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    In the past few decades, scholars have offered positive, normative, and most recently, interpretive theories of contract law. These theories have proceeded primarily from deontological and consequentialist premises. In A Theory of Contract Law: Empirical Understandings and Moral Psychology, Professor Peter A. Alces confronts the leading interpretive theories of contract and demonstrates their interpretive doctrinal failures. Professor Alces presents the leading canonical cases that inform the extant theories of Contract law in both their historical and transactional contexts and, argues (...)
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  43.  13
    Are Patients Willing to Participate in Medical Education?Peter A. Ubel & Ari Silver-Isenstadt - 1999 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 11 (3):230-235.
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  44. The Relationship Between Corporate Social Performance, and Organizational Size, Financial Performance, and Environmental Performance: An Empirical Examination. [REVIEW]Peter A. Stanwick & Sarah D. Stanwick - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (2):195-204.
    The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the corporate social performance of an organization and three variables: the size of the organization, the financial performance of the organization, and the environmental performance of the organization. By empirically testing data from 1987 to 1992, the results of the study show that a firm's corporate social performance is indeed impacted by the size of the firm, the level of profitability of the firm, and the amount of pollution emissions (...)
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  45.  41
    The Re‐Emergence of “Emergence”: A Venerable Concept in Search of a Theory.Peter A. Corning - 2002 - Complexity 7 (6):18-30.
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  46.  24
    Cumulative Higher-Order Logic as a Foundation for Set Theory.Wolfgang Degen & Jan Johannsen - 2000 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 46 (2):147-170.
    The systems Kα of transfinite cumulative types up to α are extended to systems K∞α that include a natural infinitary inference rule, the so-called limit rule. For countable α a semantic completeness theorem for K∞α is proved by the method of reduction trees, and it is shown that every model of K∞α is equivalent to a cumulative hierarchy of sets. This is used to show that several axiomatic first-order set theories can be interpreted in K∞α, for suitable α.
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  47. On the Strength of Ramsey's Theorem for Pairs.Peter A. Cholak, Carl G. Jockusch & Theodore A. Slaman - 2001 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 66 (1):1-55.
    We study the proof-theoretic strength and effective content of the infinite form of Ramsey's theorem for pairs. Let RT n k denote Ramsey's theorem for k-colorings of n-element sets, and let RT $^n_{ denote (∀ k)RT n k . Our main result on computability is: For any n ≥ 2 and any computable (recursive) k-coloring of the n-element sets of natural numbers, there is an infinite homogeneous set X with X'' ≤ T 0 (n) . Let IΣ n and BΣ (...)
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  48.  30
    Corporate Ethics.Peter A. French - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (12):1364-1366.
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  49.  17
    Confessions of a Bedside Rationer: Commentary on Hurst and Danis.Peter A. Ubel - 2007 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (3):267-269.
    : Samia Hurst and Marion Danis provide a thoughtful framework for how to judge the morality of bedside rationing decisions. In this commentary, I applaud Hurst and Danis for advancing the level of debate about bedside rationing. But when I attempt to apply the framework to my own clinical practice, I conclude that the framework comes up short.
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  50.  17
    Contemporary Perspectives in the Philosophy of Language.Peter A. French, T. E. Uehuling Jr & Howard K. Wettstein (eds.) - 1979 - University of Minnesota Press.
    This volume, an expanded edition of the philosophy of language issue of the journal Midwest Studies in Philosophy (1977), includes essays by some of the ...
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