Results for 'Greg Bayer'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  66
    Coming to Know Principles in "Posterior Analytics" II 19.Greg Bayer - 1997 - Apeiron 30 (2):109 - 142.
  2.  19
    Coming to Know Principles in Posterior Analytics II 19.Greg Bayer - 1997 - Apeiron 30 (2):109-142.
  3.  82
    Classification and Explanation in Aristotle's Theory of Definition.Greg Bayer - 1998 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 36 (4):487-505.
  4.  44
    Definition Through Demonstration: The Two Types of Syllogisms in Posterior Analytics II.8.Greg Bayer - 1995 - Phronesis 40 (3):241-264.
    This paper highlights an important distinction underlying the possibility of inquiry, between first _identifying the subject of inquiry and ultimately _explaining it: that the former can be achieved before and without the latter is a presupposition of inquiry. I believe Aristotle is keenly aware of this in _Posterior Analytics, II.8, where he shows how a scientific demonstration can "manifest" a definition. I argue that such a demonstration consists of two sorts of syllogisms, one identifying the definiendum, the other explaining it. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  5.  21
    Definition Through Demonstration: The Two Types of Syllogisms in Posterior Analytics II.8.Greg Bayer - 1995 - Phronesis 40 (3):241-264.
    This paper highlights an important distinction underlying the possibility of inquiry, between first _identifying the subject of inquiry and ultimately _explaining it: that the former can be achieved before and without the latter is a presupposition of inquiry. I believe Aristotle is keenly aware of this in _Posterior Analytics, II.8, where he shows how a scientific demonstration can "manifest" a definition. I argue that such a demonstration consists of two sorts of syllogisms, one identifying the definiendum, the other explaining it. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  6.  34
    The What-Is-X? Question in the Posterior Analytics.Greg Bayer - 1997 - Ancient Philosophy 17 (2):317-334.
  7.  47
    Mackie, Kripke, and Causal Necessity.Greg Bayer - 1996 - Southwest Philosophy Review 12 (1):237-246.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. Patrick H. Byrne, Analysis and Science in Aristotle Reviewed By.Greg Bayer - 1998 - Philosophy in Review 18 (1):14-16.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. Patrick H. Byrne, Analysis and Science in Aristotle. [REVIEW]Greg Bayer - 1998 - Philosophy in Review 18:14-16.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. LOGIC Greg Restall I.Greg Restall - 2003 - In John Shand (ed.), Fundamentals of Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 64.
  11.  64
    An Introduction to Substructural Logics.Greg Restall - 2000 - Routledge.
    This book introduces an important group of logics that have come to be known under the umbrella term 'susbstructural'. Substructural logics have independently led to significant developments in philosophy, computing and linguistics. _An Introduction to Substrucural Logics_ is the first book to systematically survey the new results and the significant impact that this class of logics has had on a wide range of fields.The following topics are covered: * Proof Theory * Propositional Structures * Frames * Decidability * Coda Both (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   133 citations  
  12.  28
    Cassirer's Metaphysics of Symbolic Forms: A Philosophical Commentary.Thora Ilin Bayer (ed.) - 2001 - Yale University Press.
    This book -- the first commentary on Ernst Cassirer's Metaphysics of Symbolic Forms -- provides an introduction to the metaphysical views that underlie the philosopher's conceptions of symbolic form and human culture.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  13.  22
    Confessions of a Lapsed Neo-Davidsonian: Events and Arguments in Compositional Semantics.Samuel Louis Bayer - 1997 - Garland.
    Chapter 1 Introduction How are participants associated with the eventualities they participate in? Are there events? Thematic roles? ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  14.  61
    The Genesis of Public Health Ethics.Ronald Bayer & Amy L. Fairchild - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (6):473–492.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   35 citations  
  15.  22
    Vexing, Veiled, and Inequitable: Social Distancing and the “Rights” Divide in the Age of COVID-19.Amy Fairchild, Lawrence Gostin & Ronald Bayer - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):55-61.
    Although unprecedented in scope and beyond all our life experiences, sweeping social distancing measures are not without historical precedent. Historically, racism, stigma, and discrimination resul...
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  16. Internalism Empowered: How to Bolster a Theory of Justification with a Direct Realist Theory of Awareness.Benjamin Bayer - 2012 - Acta Analytica 27 (4):383-408.
    Abstract The debate in the philosophy of perception between direct realists and representationalists should influence the debate in epistemology between internalists and externalists about justification. If direct realists are correct, there are more consciously accessible justifiers for internalists to exploit than externalists think. Internalists can retain their distinctive internalist identity while accepting this widened conception of internalistic justification: even if they welcome the possibility of cognitive access to external facts, their position is still quite distinct from the typical externalist position. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  17.  50
    The Reflexive Nature of Consciousness.Greg Janzen - 2008 - John Benjamins.
    Combining phenomenological insights from Brentano and Sartre, but also drawing on recent work on consciousness by analytic philosophers, this book defends the view that conscious states are reflexive, and necessarily so, i.e., that they have a built-in, implicit awareness of their own occurrence, such that the subject of a conscious state has an immediate, non-objectual acquaintance with it. As part of this investigation, the book also explores the relationship between reflexivity and the phenomenal, or what-it-is-like, dimension of conscious experience, defending (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  18.  4
    Cassirer's Metaphysics of Symbolic Forms: A Philosophical Commentary.Thora Ilin Bayer - 2017 - Yale University Press.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  19.  13
    Means, Ends and the Ethics of Fear-Based Public Health Campaigns.Ronald Bayer & Amy L. Fairchild - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (6):391-396.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  20. A Role for Abstractionism in a Direct Realist Foundationalism.Benjamin Bayer - 2011 - Synthese 180 (3):357-389.
    Both traditional and naturalistic epistemologists have long assumed that the examination of human psychology has no relevance to the prescriptive goal of traditional epistemology, that of providing first-person guidance in determining the truth. Contrary to both, I apply insights about the psychology of human perception and concept-formation to a very traditional epistemological project: the foundationalist approach to the epistemic regress problem. I argue that direct realism about perception can help solve the regress problem and support a foundationalist account of justification, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  21. Truthmakers, Entailment and Necessity.Greg Restall - 1996 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 74 (2):331 – 340.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   95 citations  
  22.  39
    A Cross Cultural Comparison of the Contents of Codes of Ethics: USA, Canada and Australia. [REVIEW]Greg Wood - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 25 (4):287 - 298.
    This paper examines the contents of the codes of ethics of 83 of the top 500 companies operating in the private sector in Australia in an attempt to discover whether there are national characteristics that differentiate the codes used by companies operating in Australia from codes used by companies operating in the American and Canadian systems. The studies that were used as a comparison were Mathews (1987) for the United States of America and Lefebvre and Singh (1992) for Canada. The (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   54 citations  
  23.  50
    Negation in Relevant Logics (How I Stopped Worrying and Learned to Love the Routley Star).Greg Restall - 1999 - In Dov M. Gabbay & Heinrich Wansing (eds.), What is Negation? Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 53-76.
  24. Multiple Conclusions.Greg Restall - 2005 - In Petr Hájek, Luis Valdés-Villanueva & Dag Westerståhl (eds.), Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science. College Publications.
    Our topic is the notion of logical consequence: the link between premises and conclusions, the glue that holds together deductively valid argument. How can we understand this relation between premises and conclusions? It seems that any account begs questions. Painting with very broad brushtrokes, we can sketch the landscape of disagreement like this: “Realists” prefer an analysis of logical consequence in terms of the preservation of truth [29]. “Anti-realists” take this to be unhelpful and o:er alternative analyses. Some, like Dummett, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   68 citations  
  25.  17
    The Generic Book.Greg N. Carlson & Francis Jeffry Pelletier (eds.) - 1995 - University of Chicago Press.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   38 citations  
  26.  52
    Mass Testing and Mass Treatment for Epidemic HIV: The Ethics of Medical Research is No Guide.R. Bayer - 2010 - Public Health Ethics 3 (3):301-302.
    In 2009, in a provocative article in the Lancet , Granich et al . proposed a radical public health intervention to address the vast human toll exacted by the HIV epidemic in regions with generalized epidemics where millions are infected. The proposal, based on modeling, suggested that universal screening for HIV and immediate treatment for all found to be infected, regardless of immune status, could ultimately reverse an epidemiological course that has appeared resistant to efforts at prevention.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  27.  20
    Freedom in Response: Lutheran Ethics: Sources and Controversies.Oswald Bayer - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume represents a translation of the majority of the essays in one of those collections.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  28. A Unified Analysis of the English Bare Plural.Greg N. Carlson - 1977 - Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (3):413 - 456.
    It is argued that the English bare plural (an NP with plural head that lacks a determiner), in spite of its apparently diverse possibilities of interpretation, is optimally represented in the grammar as a unified phenomenon. The chief distinction to be dealt with is that between the generic use of the bare plural (as in Dogs bark) and its existential or indefinite plural use (as in He threw oranges at Alice). The difference between these uses is not to be accounted (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   64 citations  
  29.  21
    Language, Thought and Consciousness: An Essay in Philosophical Psychology.Greg Jarrett & Peter Carruthers - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (2):315.
    Carruthers offers a refreshing piece of “substantive philosophy.” Going beyond the limitations of pure analysis, he adopts a methodology which is one part analysis, one part empirical data, and a heavy dose of inference to the best explanation. The overarching goal is to advance the commonsense—yet unfashionable—thesis that natural language is the primary medium of thought, and to defend the related cognitive conception of NL. In particular, Carruthers argues that imaginative phonological representations of “inner speech” are constitutive of conscious thoughts, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  30.  1
    Noise Matters: Towards an Ontology of Noise.Greg Hainge - 2013 - Bloomsbury Academic.
    Everyone knows what noise is. Or do they? Can we in fact say that one man's noise is another teenager's music? Is noise in fact only an auditory phenomenon or does it extend far beyond this realm? If our common definitions of noise are necessarily subjective and noise is not just unpleasant sound, then it merits a closer look (or listen). Greg Hainge sets out to define noise in this way, to find within it a series of operations common (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  31.  71
    Places of Public Memory: The Rhetoric of Museums and Memorials.Greg Dickinson, Carole Blair & Brian L. Ott (eds.) - 2010 - University of Alabama Press.
    introduction Rhetoric/Memory/Place Carole Blair, Greg Dickinson, and Brian L. Ott The story is told of the poet Simonides of Ceos who, after chanting a poem ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  32. The Ethics of Health Care Rationing: An Introduction.Greg Bognar & Iwao Hirose - 2014 - Routledge.
    Should organ transplants be given to patients who have waited the longest, or need it most urgently, or those whose survival prospects are the best? The rationing of health care is universal and inevitable, taking place in poor and affluent countries, in publicly funded and private health care systems. Someone must budget for as well as dispense health care whilst aging populations severely stretch the availability of resources. The Ethics of Health Care Rationing is a clear and much-needed introduction to (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  33.  37
    The Athenian Experiment: Building an Imagined Political Community in Ancient Attica, 508-490 B.C.Greg Anderson - 2003 - University of Michigan Press.
    In barely the space of one generation, Athens was transformed from a conventional city-state into something completely new--a region-state on a scale previously unthinkable. This book sets out to answer a seemingly simple question: How and when did the Athenian state attain the anomalous size that gave it such influence in Greek politics and culture in the classical period? Many scholars argue that Athens's incorporation of Attica was a gradual development, largely completed some two hundred years before the classical era. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  34.  17
    Ethical and Legal Concerns With Nevada’s Brain Death Amendments.Greg Yanke, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joseph L. Verheijde - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (2):193-198.
    In early 2017, Nevada amended its Uniform Determination of Death Act, in order to clarify the neurologic criteria for the determination of death. The amendments stipulate that a determination of death is a clinical decision that does not require familial consent and that the appropriate standard for determining neurologic death is the American Academy of Neurology’s guidelines. Once a physician makes such a determination of death, the Nevada amendments require the withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment within twenty-four hours with limited exceptions. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  35.  31
    Qualifying Choice: Ethical Reflection on the Scope of Prenatal Screening.Greg Stapleton - 2017 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20 (2):195-205.
    In the near future developments in non-invasive prenatal testing may soon provide couples with the opportunity to test for and diagnose a much broader range of heritable and congenital conditions than has previously been possible. Inevitably, this has prompted much ethical debate on the possible implications of NIPT for providing couples with opportunities for reproductive choice by way of routine prenatal screening. In view of the possibility to test for a significantly broader range of genetic conditions with NIPT, the European (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  36. Assertion, Denial and Non-Classical Theories.Greg Restall - 2013 - In Francesco Berto, Edwin Mares, Koji Tanaka & Francesco Paoli (eds.), Paraconsistency: Logic and Applications. Springer. pp. 81--99.
    In this paper I urge friends of truth-value gaps and truth-value gluts – proponents of paracomplete and paraconsistent logics – to consider theories not merely as sets of sentences, but as pairs of sets of sentences, or what I call ‘bitheories,’ which keep track not only of what holds according to the theory, but also what fails to hold according to the theory. I explain the connection between bitheories, sequents, and the speech acts of assertion and denial. I illustrate the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  37.  66
    Pluralism and Proofs.Greg Restall - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (S2):279-291.
    Beall and Restall’s Logical Pluralism (2006) characterises pluralism about logical consequence in terms of the different ways cases can be selected in the analysis of logical consequence as preservation of truth over a class of cases. This is not the only way to understand or to motivate pluralism about logical consequence. Here, I will examine pluralism about logical consequence in terms of different standards of proof. We will focus on sequent derivations for classical logic, imposing two different restrictions on classical (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  38.  35
    A Partnership Model of Corporate Ethics.Greg Wood - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 40 (1):61 - 73.
    The stock market crash of 1987 had a profound effect on corporate Australia and the Australian community in general. The fall-out revealed that some of our most respected business figures had not been as ethical, or even as lawful, as we would have hoped. This impropriety produced in Australia an awakening to business ethics. Whilst many companies endeavoured to introduce ethical practices into their corporations, they perceived ethics as a way of minimising damage to the corporation and in some cases (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   27 citations  
  39.  30
    Implementing the Ethos of Corporate Codes of Ethics: Australia, Canada, and Sweden.Greg Wood, Goran Svensson, Jang Singh, Emily Carasco & Michael Callaghan - 2004 - Business Ethics: A European Review 13 (4):389-403.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  40.  19
    Just Choice: A Danielsian Analysis of the Aims and Scope of Prenatal Screening for Fetal Abnormalities.Greg Stapleton, Wybo Dondorp, Peter Schröder-Bäck & Guido de Wert - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (4):545-555.
    Developments in Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing and cell-free fetal DNA analysis raise the possibility that antenatal services may soon be able to support couples in non-invasively testing for, and diagnosing, an unprecedented range of genetic disorders and traits coded within their unborn child’s genome. Inevitably, this has prompted debate within the bioethics literature about what screening options should be offered to couples for the purpose of reproductive choice. In relation to this problem, the European Society of Human Genetics and American Society (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  41.  17
    Placing Abstract Concepts in Space: Quantity, Time and Emotional Valence.Greg Woodin & Bodo Winter - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  42. Ways Things Can't Be.Greg Restall - 1997 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 38 (4):583-596.
    Paraconsistent logics are often semantically motivated by considering "impossible worlds." Lewis, in "Logic for equivocators," has shown how we can understand paraconsistent logics by attributing equivocation of meanings to inconsistent believers. In this paper I show that we can understand paraconsistent logics without attributing such equivocation. Impossible worlds are simply sets of possible worlds, and inconsistent believers (inconsistently) believe that things are like each of the worlds in the set. I show that this account gives a sound and complete semantics (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   41 citations  
  43.  72
    Could Integrity Be An Epistemic Virtue?Greg Scherkoske - 2012 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 20 (2):185-215.
    Abstract 1 This paper makes a preliminary case for a central and radical claim. I begin with Bernard Williams? seldom-faced argument that integrity cannot be a moral virtue because it lacks two key ingredients of moral virtues, namely a characteristic thought and motivation. Whereas, for example, generosity involves the thought that another could use assistance, and the motivation to actually give assistance, integrity lacks these two things essential to morally excellent responses. I show that several maneuvers aimed at avoiding Williams? (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  44. How Not to Refute Quine: Evaluating Kim’s Alternatives to Naturalized Epistemology.Benjamin Bayer - 2007 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 45 (4):473-495.
    This paper offers an interpretation of Quine’s naturalized epistemology through the lens of Jaegwon Kim’s influential critique of the same. Kim argues that Quine forces a false choice between traditional deductivist foundationalism and naturalized epistemology and contends that there are viable alternative epistemological projects. However it is suggested that Quine would reject these alternatives by reference to the same fundamental principles that led him to reject traditional epistemology and propose naturalism as an alternative. Given this interpretation of Quine, it is (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  45.  28
    The Dual Epidemics of Tuberculosis and AIDS.Ronald Bayer, Nancy Neveloff Dubler & Lawrence O. Gostin - 1993 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 21 (3-4):277-278.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  46.  81
    A Cut-Free Sequent System for Two-Dimensional Modal Logic, and Why It Matters.Greg Restall - 2012 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 163 (11):1611-1623.
    The two-dimensional modal logic of Davies and Humberstone [3] is an important aid to our understanding the relationship between actuality, necessity and a priori knowability. I show how a cut-free hypersequent calculus for 2D modal logic not only captures the logic precisely, but may be used to address issues in the epistemology and metaphysics of our modal concepts. I will explain how the use of our concepts motivates the inference rules of the sequent calculus, and then show that the completeness (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  47.  52
    Fair Innings.Greg Bognar - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (4):251-261.
    In many societies, the aging of the population is becoming a major problem. This raises difficult issues for ethics and public policy. On what is known as the fair innings view, it is not impermissible to give lower priority to policies that primarily benefit the elderly. Philosophers have tried to justify this view on various grounds. In this article, I look at a consequentialist, a fairness-based, and a contractarian justification. I argue that all of them have implausible implications and fail (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  48.  98
    Assessing Managers' Ethical Decision-Making: An Objective Measure of Managerial Moral Judgment. [REVIEW]Greg E. Loviscky, Linda K. Treviño & Rick R. Jacobs - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 73 (3):263 - 285.
    Recent allegations of unethical decision-making by leaders in prominent business organizations have jeopardized the world’s confidence in American business. The purpose of this research was to develop a measure of managerial moral judgment that can be used in future research and managerial assessment. The measure was patterned after the Defining Issues Test, a widely used general measure of moral judgment. With content validity as the goal, we aimed to sample the domain of managerial ethical situations by establishing links to dimensions (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   27 citations  
  49. Logical Consequence: A Defense of Tarski.Greg Ray - 1996 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 25 (6):617 - 677.
    In his classic 1936 essay "On the Concept of Logical Consequence", Alfred Tarski used the notion of satisfaction to give a semantic characterization of the logical properties. Tarski is generally credited with introducing the model-theoretic characterization of the logical properties familiar to us today. However, in his book, The Concept of Logical Consequence, Etchemendy argues that Tarski's account is inadequate for quite a number of reasons, and is actually incompatible with the standard model-theoretic account. Many of his criticisms are meant (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   31 citations  
  50. Computer Simulation and the Features of Novel Empirical Data.Greg Lusk - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 56:145-152.
    In an attempt to determine the epistemic status of computer simulation results, philosophers of science have recently explored the similarities and differences between computer simulations and experiments. One question that arises is whether and, if so, when, simulation results constitute novel empirical data. It is often supposed that computer simulation results could never be empirical or novel because simulations never interact with their targets, and cannot go beyond their programming. This paper argues against this position by examining whether, and under (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000