Results for 'Jack S. Crumley'

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  1.  7
    Introducing Philosophy: Knowledge and Reality.Jack S. Crumley Ii - 2016 - Broadview Press.
    This book introduces the central issues of metaphysics and epistemology, from skepticism, justification, and perception to universals, personal identity, and free will. Though topically organized, the book integrates positions and examples from the history of philosophy. Plato, Descartes, and Leibniz are discussed alongside Quine, Kripke, and Haslanger. Peripheral ideas and related historical asides are offered in boxes interspersed within the text, providing further depth without disrupting the author’s lucid explanations of central themes and arguments. Original illustrations by Gillian Wilson are (...)
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  2.  1
    A Brief Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind.Jack S. Crumley - 2006 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Crumley introduces four core areas in contemporary philosophy of the mind: the mind/body problem, mental content , mental causation, and the nature of consciousness. The book is distinctive in its further coverage of such fascinating topics as the nature of mental images, theories of concepts, and whether or not computers can think.
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  3. Talking Lions and Lion Talk: Davidson on Conceptual Schemes.Jack S. Crumley - 1989 - Synthese 80 (3):347-371.
    This essay is a reconstruction and defense of Davidson''s argument against the intelligiblity of the notion of conceptual scheme. After presenting a brief clarification of Davidson''s argument in On the Very Idea of a Conceptual Scheme, I turn to reconstructing Davidson''s argument. Unlike many commentators, and occasionally Davidson, who hold that the motive force of the argument is the Principle of Charity (or the denial of the Third Dogma), I argue that there is a further principle which underlies the argument. (...)
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  4.  16
    The Appreciation Connection: Evidentialism and Indirect Justification.Jack S. Crumley - 1989 - Southwest Philosophy Review 5 (1):97-105.
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  5.  98
    Appearances Can Be Deceiving.Jack S. Crumley - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 64 (3):233 - 251.
  6.  2
    An Introduction to Epistemology, Second Edition.Jack S. Crumley Ii - 2009 - Broadview Press.
    The second edition of Jack Crumley's An Introduction to Epistemology strikes a balance between the many issues that engage contemporary epistemologists and the contributions of the major historical figures. He shows not only how philosophers such as Descartes, Hume, Locke, Berkeley, and Kant foreground the contemporary debates, but also why they deserve consideration on their own terms. A substantial revision of the first edition, the second edition is more even more accessible to students. The new edition includes recent (...)
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  7.  2
    An Introduction to Epistemology - Second Edition.Jack S. Crumley Ii - 2009 - Broadview Press.
    The second edition of Jack Crumley’s _An Introduction to Epistemology_ strikes a balance between the many issues that engage contemporary epistemologists and the contributions of the major historical figures. He shows not only how philosophers such as Descartes, Hume, Locke, Berkeley, and Kant foreground the contemporary debates, but also why they deserve consideration on their own terms. A substantial revision of the first edition, the second edition is even more accessible to students. The new edition includes recent work (...)
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  8.  56
    Talking Lions and Lion Talk: Davidson on Conceptual Schemes.Jack S. Crumley Ii - 1989 - Synthese 80 (3):347-371.
    This essay is a reconstruction and defense of Davidson's argument against the intelligibility of the notion of conceptual scheme. After presenting a brief clarification of Davidson's argument in 'On the Very Idea of a Conceptual Scheme', I turn to reconstructing Davidson's argument. Unlike many commentators, and occasionally Davidson, who hold that the motive force of the argument is the Principle of Charity (or the denial of the Third Dogma), I argue that there is a further principle which underlies the argument. (...)
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  9.  3
    An Introduction to Metaphysics.Jack S. Crumley Ii - 2021 - Broadview Press.
    _An Introduction to Metaphysics_ offers an engrossing survey of central metaphysical topics, including truth, universals, the nature of mind, personal identity, free will, time, and the existence of God. The book is pitched at an intermediate undergraduate level and is suitable for students without background knowledge in these areas. Topically organized, it examines a variety of historical and contemporary positions relevant to each of the included themes. Memorable and amusing drawings by Gillian Wilson are interspersed throughout the text to illustrate (...)
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  10.  30
    Appearances Can Be Deceiving.Jack S. Crumley II - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 64 (3):233-251.
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  11.  5
    Editor's Note.Jack S. Boozer - 1981 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 12 (3):129.
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  12. Louis Dupré, "A Dubious Heritage. Studies in the Philosophy of Religion After Kant".Jack S. Boozer - 1981 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 12 (2):127.
     
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  13.  30
    Explaining War and Peace: Case Studies and Necessary Condition Counterfactuals.Jack S. Levy - 2007 - Routledge.
    This edited volume focuses on the use of ?necessary condition counterfactuals? in explaining two key events in twentieth century history, the origins of the ...
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  14. A Different Sort of Time: The Life of Jerrold R. Zacharias - Scientist, Engineer, Educator.Jack S. Goldstein - 1992 - MIT Press.
    In a clear, nontechnical account, Jack Goldstein tells the story of this entrepreneurial American scientist who played an essential part in experiments important to the development of quantum mechanics, who later became an advisor to the government during much of the Cold War period, and whose leadership in educational reform resulted in the restructuring of the entire American high school science curriculum. Jerrold Zacharias was a physicist well placed by historical circumstance to take a central part in the development (...)
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  15. Applications of Prospect Theory to Political Science.Jack S. Levy - 2003 - Synthese 135 (2):215 - 241.
    Prospect theory is an alternative theory of choice under conditions of risk, and deviates from expected utility theory by positing that people evaluate choices with respect to gains and losses from a reference point. They tend to overweight losses with respect to comparable gains and engage in risk-averse behavior with respect to gains and risk-acceptant behavior with respect to losses. They also respond to probabilities in a non-linear manner. I begin with an overview of prospect theory and some of the (...)
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  16.  27
    Epigenetic Modifications of Cytosine: Biophysical Properties, Regulation, and Function in Mammalian DNA.Jack S. Hardwick, Andrew N. Lane & Tom Brown - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (3):1700199.
    To decode the function and molecular recognition of several recently discovered cytosine derivatives in the human genome – 5-hydroxymethylcytosine, 5-formylcytosine, and 5-carboxylcytosine – a detailed understanding of their effects on the structural, chemical, and biophysical properties of DNA is essential. Here, we review recent literature in this area, with particular emphasis on features that have been proposed to enable the specific recognition of modified cytosine bases by DNA-binding proteins. These include electronic factors, modulation of base-pair stability, flexibility, and radical changes (...)
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  17.  16
    Jack S. Goldstein, A Different Sort of Time: The Life of Jerrold R. Zacharias, Scientist, Engineer, Educator. Cambridge, Mass, and London: MIT Press, 1992. Pp. Xviii + 373. ISBN 0-262-07138. $31.50. [REVIEW]Helge Kragh - 1993 - British Journal for the History of Science 26 (2):255-255.
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  18.  36
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Jack S. Boozer, Gerhard Böwering, Stephen N. Dunning, Richard E. Palmer, Haim Gordon, J. Kellenberger, Jerald Wallulis, G. Graham White, Thomas O. Buford, C. Stephan Evans & M. Jamie Ferreira - 1988 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 23 (1):43-63.
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  19.  10
    A Comment on Historical Analysis in Biochemistry.Jack S. Cohen & Franklin H. Portugal - 1975 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 18 (2):204-207.
  20.  1
    Jacks's The Alchemy of Thought.H. M. Kallen - 1912 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 9 (23):641.
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  21. Exploring People’s Beliefs About the Experience of Time.Jack Shardlow, Ruth Lee, Christoph Hoerl, Teresa McCormack, Patrick Burns & Alison S. Fernandes - 2021 - Synthese 198 (11):10709-10731.
    Philosophical debates about the metaphysics of time typically revolve around two contrasting views of time. On the A-theory, time is something that itself undergoes change, as captured by the idea of the passage of time; on the B-theory, all there is to time is events standing in before/after or simultaneity relations to each other, and these temporal relations are unchanging. Philosophers typically regard the A-theory as being supported by our experience of time, and they take it that the B-theory clashes (...)
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  22.  93
    Practice Consequentialism: A New Twist on an Old Theory: S. Jack Odell.S. Jack Odell - 2001 - Utilitas 13 (1):86-105.
    In this paper I defend a version of consequentialism that is neither of the act nor the rule variety. I argue that most, if not all, acceptable moral rules are formulations of intricate and interrelated practices that serve to promote harmonious co-existence between human beings; that these formulations – moral rules – are shorthand abbreviations of the lengthy formulations which would be required to actually describe the extremely complicated set of prescriptions and prohibitions which comprise our ethical practices; that we (...)
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  23. Book Review: Masculinities Explained?: Jack S. Kahn An Introduction to Masculinities Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009, 408 Pp., ISBN 978-1-4051&-8179-2 (Hbk), 978-1-4051-8178-5. [REVIEW]Helen Poulsen - 2010 - European Journal of Women's Studies 17 (3):290-292.
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  24.  16
    Annealing Effects on the Microstructure of Sputtered Gold Layers on Oxidized Silicon Investigated by Scanning Electron Microscopy and Scanning Probe Microscopy.J. Plaza, S. Jacke, Y. Chen & R. Palmer - 2003 - Philosophical Magazine 83 (9):1137-1142.
    The structure of Au layers deposited by sputtering on oxidized p-type Si substrates is investigated by a combination of scanning electron microscopy and scanning probe microscopy. The effect of the temperature on the grain structure of the layers has been determined, revealing that an annealing temperature of 300° C results in a larger grain size and smoother surfaces but generates some cracks in the film surface. At an annealing temperature of 500° C, further grain growth is observed, but a high (...)
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  25.  7
    A Century Of DNA: A History Of The Discovery Of The Structure And Function Of The Genetic Substance By Franklin H. Portugal; Jack S. Cohen. [REVIEW]Pnina Abir-am - 1978 - Isis 69:449-450.
  26.  10
    Spinoza's Substance Monism Contextualized.Jack Stetter - 2019 - Dissertation, University of Paris 8
  27.  30
    Ekstrom, Laura Waddell. Free Will: A Philosophical Study. [REVIEW]Jack Crumley - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (1):169-170.
  28.  26
    Free Will: A Philosophical Study. [REVIEW]Jack Crumley - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (1):169-170.
    In a comprehensive, carefully argued book comprising six chapters, Ekstrom articulates and defends an incompatibilist view. In the first chapter, Ekstrom considers various reasons for interest in the problem of free will. Chapters 2 and 3 survey arguments for incompatibilist and compatibilist positions, respectively. The pivotal chapter 4 examines incompatibilist positions; it is here that Ekstrom develops and defends her own unique incompatibilism. Chapter 5 considers various accounts of moral responsibility. Chapter 6 provides a detailed treatment of recent “Frankfurt-style cases,” (...)
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  29. Expressivism and Moore's Paradox.Jack Woods - 2014 - Philosophers' Imprint 14:1-12.
    Expressivists explain the expression relation which obtains between sincere moral assertion and the conative or affective attitude thereby expressed by appeal to the relation which obtains between sincere assertion and belief. In fact, they often explicitly take the relation between moral assertion and their favored conative or affective attitude to be exactly the same as the relation between assertion and the belief thereby expressed. If this is correct, then we can use the identity of the expression relation in the two (...)
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  30.  9
    Paternalism: Jack Lively.Jack Lively - 1983 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 15:147-165.
    What I wish to do in this paper is to look at a part of John Stuart Mill's ‘one very simple principle’ for determining the limits of state intervention. This principle is, you will remember, that ‘the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others. His own good, either physical or moral, is not a sufficient warrant.’.
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  31. Identifying Objective EEG Based Markers of Linear Vection in Depth.Stephen Palmisano, Robert J. Barry, Frances M. De Blasio & Jack S. Fogarty - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  32.  13
    A History of DNAA Century of DNA.Arthur Caplan, Franklin H. Portugal & Jack S. Cohen - 1978 - Hastings Center Report 8 (3):49.
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  33.  6
    A Century of DNA: A History of the Discovery of the Structure and Function of the Genetic Substance. Franklin H. Portugal, Jack S. Cohen. [REVIEW]Pnina Abir-Am - 1978 - Isis 69 (3):449-450.
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  34. Model Theory, Hume's Dictum, and the Priority of Ethical Theory.Jack Woods & Barry Maguire - 2017 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 4:419-440.
    It is regrettably common for theorists to attempt to characterize the Humean dictum that one can’t get an ‘ought’ from an ‘is’ just in broadly logical terms. We here address an important new class of such approaches which appeal to model-theoretic machinery. Our complaint about these recent attempts is that they interfere with substantive debates about the nature of the ethical. This problem, developed in detail for Daniel Singer’s and Gillian Russell and Greg Restall’s accounts of Hume’s dictum, is of (...)
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  35.  16
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Charles A. Corr, Bimal Krishna Matilal, Jerry K. Robbins, Doran McCarty & Jack S. Boozer - 1981 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 12 (2):123-128.
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  36.  36
    Abbas, Niran, Editor. Mapping Michel Serres. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2005. Pp. Ix+ 259. Paper, $27.95. Achinstein, Peter. Scientific Evidence: Philosophical Theories & Applications. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005. Pp. Ix+ 286. Cloth, $49.95. Allard, James W. The Logical Foundations of Bradley's Metaphysics: Judgment, Inference, and Truth. Cambridge. [REVIEW]Jack O. Balswick, Pamela Ebstyne King, Kevin S. Reimer, Steve Barbone, Lee Rice & Martin Hemelik - 2006 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (1):131-34.
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  37. Spinoza's Argument for Substance Monism.Jack Stetter - 2021 - Revista Seiscentos 1 (1):193-215.
    In this paper, I inspect the grounds for the mature Spinozist argument for substance monism. The argument is succinctly stated at Ethics Part 1, Proposition 14. The argument appeals to two explicit premises: (1) that there must be a substance with all attributes; (2) that substances cannot share their attributes. In conjunction with a third implicit premise, that a substance cannot not have any attribute whatsoever, Spinoza infers that there can be no more than one substance. I begin the inspection (...)
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  38.  12
    Mattel, Inc.: Global Manufacturing Principles (GMP) - A Life-Cycle Analysis of a Company-Based Code of Conduct in the Toy Industry. [REVIEW]S. Prakash Sethi, Emre A. Veral, H. Jack Shapiro & Olga Emelianova - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 99 (4):483 - 517.
    Over the last 20+ years, multinational corporations (MNCs) have been confronted with accusations of abuse of market power and unfair and unethical business conduct especially as it relates to their overseas operations and supply chain management. These accusations include, among others, worker exploitation in terms of unfairly low wages, excessive work hours, and unsafe work environment; pollution and contamination of air, ground water and land resources; and, undermining the ability of natural government to protect the well-being of their citizens. MNCs (...)
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  39.  8
    Mattel, Inc.: Global Manufacturing Principles – A Life-Cycle Analysis of a Company-Based Code of Conduct in the Toy Industry.S. Prakash Sethi, Emre A. Veral, H. Jack Shapiro & Olga Emelianova - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 99 (4):483-517.
    Over the last 20+ years, multinational corporations have been confronted with accusations of abuse of market power and unfair and unethical business conduct especially as it relates to their overseas operations and supply chain management. These accusations include, among others, worker exploitation in terms of unfairly low wages, excessive work hours, and unsafe work environment; pollution and contamination of air, ground water and land resources; and, undermining the ability of natural government to protect the well-being of their citizens. MNCs have (...)
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  40.  37
    Model Theory Hume’s Dictum, and the Priority of Ethical Theory.Jack Woods & Barry Maguire - 2017 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 4:419–440.
  41.  16
    Distinctive Features, Categorical Perception, and Probability Learning: Some Applications of a Neural Model.James A. Anderson, Jack W. Silverstein, Stephen A. Ritz & Randall S. Jones - 1977 - Psychological Review 84 (5):413-451.
  42.  40
    The Price of International Business Morality: Twenty Years Under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. [REVIEW]Jack G. Kaikati, George M. Sullivan, John M. Virgo, T. R. Carr & Katherine S. Virgo - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 26 (3):213 - 222.
    Last year marked the 20th anniversary of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) of 1977. The FCPA is the first and only statute prohibiting bribery and other corrupt business practices by U.S. citizens and companies conducting business overseas. This paper provides an overview of the FCPA during the two decades of its existence. More specifically, the objectives of this paper are four-fold. First, the paper provides background information about the FCPA of 1977 and subsequent amendments in 1988. Second, the paper (...)
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  43. A Commitment-Theoretic Account of Moore's Paradox.Jack Woods - forthcoming - In An Atlas of Meaning: Current Research in the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface).
    Moore’s paradox, the infamous felt bizarreness of sincerely uttering something of the form “I believe grass is green, but it ain’t”—has attracted a lot of attention since its original discovery (Moore 1942). It is often taken to be a paradox of belief—in the sense that the locus of the inconsistency is the beliefs of someone who so sincerely utters. This claim has been labeled as the priority thesis: If you have an explanation of why a putative content could not be (...)
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  44.  18
    Hume's Philosophy of Belief.Jack Kaminsky - 1962 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 23 (2):295-296.
  45.  71
    Merleau-Ponty’s Gordian Knot: Transcendental Phenomenology, Science, and Naturalism.Jack Reynolds - 2017 - Continental Philosophy Review 50 (1):81-104.
    In this paper I explore a series of fertile ambiguities that Merleau-Ponty’s work is premised upon. These ambiguities concern some of the central methodological commitments of his work, in particular his commitment to transcendental phenomenology and how he transforms that tradition, and his relationship to science and philosophical naturalism and what they suggest about his philosophical methodology. Many engagements with Merleau-Ponty’s work that are more ‘analytic’ in orientation either deflate it of its transcendental heritage, or offer a “modest” rendering of (...)
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  46. Turing's o-Machines, Searle, Penrose, and the Brain.Jack Copeland - 1998 - Analysis 58 (2):128-138.
    In his PhD thesis (1938) Turing introduced what he described as 'a new kind of machine'. He called these 'O-machines'. The present paper employs Turing's concept against a number of currently fashionable positions in the philosophy of mind.
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  47.  51
    Locke’s Finely Spun Liberty.Jack D. Davidson - 2003 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 33 (2):203 - 227.
    Near the end of the long and often convoluted discussion of freedom in the chapter ‘Of Power’ in An Essay concerning Human Understanding, Locke states that in ‘The care of ourselves, that we mistake not imaginary for real happiness, is the necessary foundation of our liberty’. He goes on to explain that ‘we are by the necessity of preferring and pursuing true happiness as our greatest good, obliged to suspend the satisfaction of our desire in particular cases’. Locke then adds (...)
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  48.  34
    Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold, Inc.: An Innovative Voluntary Code of Conduct to Protect Human Rights, Create Employment Opportunities, and Economic Development of the Indigenous People. [REVIEW]S. Prakash Sethi, David B. Lowry, Emre A. Veral, H. Jack Shapiro & Olga Emelianova - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 103 (1):1-30.
    Environmental degradation and extractive industry are inextricably linked, and the industry’s adverse impact on air, water, and ground resources has been exacerbated with increased demand for raw materials and their location in some of the more environmentally fragile areas of the world. Historically, companies have managed to control calls for regulation and improved, i.e., more expensive, mining technologies by (a) their importance in economic growth and job creation or (b) through adroit use of their economic power and bargaining leverage against (...)
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  49.  8
    The ‘Chick-a-Dee’ Calls of Parus Atricapillus: A Recombinant System of Animal Communication Compared with Written English.Jack P. Hailman, Millicent S. Ficken & Robert W. Ficken - 1985 - Semiotica 56 (3-4):191-224.
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  50.  3
    Adam Smith's Pluralism: Rationality, Education, and the Moral Sentiments.Jack Russell Weinstein - 2013 - Yale University Press.
    In this thought-provoking study, Jack Russell Weinstein suggests the foundations of liberalism can be found in the writings of Adam Smith, a pioneer of modern economic theory and a major figure in the Scottish Enlightenment. While offering an interpretive methodology for approaching Smith’s two major works, _The Theory of Moral Sentiments _and _The Wealth of Nations_, Weinstein argues against the libertarian interpretation of Smith, emphasizing his philosophies of education and rationality. Weinstein also demonstrates that Smith should be recognized for (...)
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