Results for 'Claus Janew'

723 found
Order:
  1. Disorganized Capitalism: Contemporary Transformations of Work and Politics.Claus Offe - 1985 - MIT Press.
    Should the Western democracies, contrary to their prevailing self-image as "planned" and "managed," be seen as highly disorganized systems of social power and political authority? If so, what are the symptoms, consequences of, and possible remedies for these disorganizing tendencies?In these ten essays, Claus Offe seeks to answer such questions. Moving beyond the boundaries of both Marxism and established forms of political sociology, he focuses on the growth of serious divisions within the work force, the importance of the "informal" (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   27 citations  
  2. Contradictions of the Welfare State.Claus Offe - 1984 - MIT Press.
  3.  11
    A Theory of Visual Attention.Claus Bundesen - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (4):523-547.
  4.  7
    Practical Wisdom: Management’s No Longer Forgotten Virtue.Claus Dierksmeier, André Habisch & Claudius Bachmann - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 153 (1):147-165.
    The ancient virtue of practical wisdom has lately been enjoying a remarkable renaissance in management literature. The purpose of this article is to add clarity and bring synergy to the interdisciplinary debate. In a review of the wide-ranging field of the existing literature from a philosophical, theological, psychological, and managerial perspective, we show that, although different in terms of approach, methodologies, and justification, the distinct traditions of research on practical wisdom can indeed complement one another. We suggest a conciliatory conception (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  5.  66
    Are Computer Simulations Experiments? And If Not, How Are They Related to Each Other?Claus Beisbart - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 8 (2):171-204.
    Computer simulations and experiments share many important features. One way of explaining the similarities is to say that computer simulations just are experiments. This claim is quite popular in the literature. The aim of this paper is to argue against the claim and to develop an alternative explanation of why computer simulations resemble experiments. To this purpose, experiment is characterized in terms of an intervention on a system and of the observation of the reaction. Thus, if computer simulations are experiments, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  6. How Can Computer Simulations Produce New Knowledge?Claus Beisbart - 2012 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 2 (3):395-434.
    It is often claimed that scientists can obtain new knowledge about nature by running computer simulations. How is this possible? I answer this question by arguing that computer simulations are arguments. This view parallels Norton’s argument view about thought experiments. I show that computer simulations can be reconstructed as arguments that fully capture the epistemic power of the simulations. Assuming the extended mind hypothesis, I furthermore argue that running the computer simulation is to execute the reconstructing argument. I discuss some (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  7. Does a Robot Have an Umwelt?Claus Emmeche - unknown
    It is argued that the notion of Umwelt is relevant for contemporary discussions within theoretical biology, biosemiotics, the study of Artificial Life, Autonomous Systems Research and philosophy of biology. Focus is put on the question of whether an artificial creature can have a phenomenal world in the sense of the Umwelt notion of Jakob von Uexküll, one of the founding figures of biosemiotics. Rather than vitalism, Uexküll's position can be interpreted as a version of qualitative organicism. A historical sketch of (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  8. New Social Movements: Challenging the Boundaries of Institutional Politics.Claus Offe - 1985 - Social Research 52.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  9. Levels, Emergence, and Three Versions of Downward Causation.Claus Emmeche, Simo Koppe & Frederick Stjernfelt - 2000 - In P.B. Andersen, Claus Emmeche, N.O. Finnemann & P.V. Christiansen (eds.), Downward Causation. Aarhus, Denmark: University of Aarhus Press. pp. 322-348.
    The idea of a higher level phenomenon having a downward causal influence on a lower level process or entity has taken a variety of forms. In order to discuss the relation between emergence and downward causation, the specific variety of the thesis of downward causation (DC) must be identified. Based on some ontological theses about inter-level relations, types of causation and the possibility of reduction, three versions of DC are distinguished. Of these, the `Strong' form of DC is held to (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  10. Can We Justifiably Assume the Cosmological Principle in Order to Break Model Underdetermination in Cosmology?Claus Beisbart - 2009 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 40 (2):175-205.
    If cosmology is to obtain knowledge about the whole universe, it faces an underdetermination problem: Alternative space-time models are compatible with our evidence. The problem can be avoided though, if there are good reasons to adopt the Cosmological Principle (CP), because, assuming the principle, one can confine oneself to the small class of homogeneous and isotropic space-time models. The aim of this paper is to ask whether there are good reasons to adopt the Cosmological Principle in order to avoid underdetermination (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  11.  26
    Cryptocurrencies and Business Ethics.Claus Dierksmeier & Peter Seele - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 152 (1):1-14.
    Cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, SETLcoin, Ether, Solar Coin, or Liberty Reserve exist since 2009. Because of their decentralized control, they are often considered a threat or alternative to the conventional centralized banking system. While the technological implication of some such currencies, especially of Bitcoin, has attracted much attention, so far there is little discussion about the entire field of cryptocurrencies and very little academic literature addressing its ethical significance. In this article, we thus address the impact of “blockchain technology” on (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  12.  73
    Why Monte Carlo Simulations Are Inferences and Not Experiments.Claus Beisbart & John D. Norton - 2012 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 26 (4):403-422.
    Monte Carlo simulations arrive at their results by introducing randomness, sometimes derived from a physical randomizing device. Nonetheless, we argue, they open no new epistemic channels beyond that already employed by traditional simulations: the inference by ordinary argumentation of conclusions from assumptions built into the simulations. We show that Monte Carlo simulations cannot produce knowledge other than by inference, and that they resemble other computer simulations in the manner in which they derive their conclusions. Simple examples of Monte Carlo simulations (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  13. Explaining Emergence: Toward an Ontology of Levels. [REVIEW]Claus Emmeche, Simo Koppe & Frederick Stjernfelt - 1997 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 28 (1):83-119.
    University of Copenhagen University of Copenhagen University of Copenhagen Blegdamsvej 17 Njalsgade 80 Njalsgade 80 DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø DK 2300 Copenhagen S DK-2300 Copenhagen S Denmark.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  14.  42
    Thomas Aquinas on Justice as a Global Virtue in Business.Claus Dierksmeier & Anthony Celano - 2012 - Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (2):247-272.
    Today’s globalized economy cannot be governed by legal strictures alone. A combination of self-interest and regulation is not enough to avoid the recurrence of its systemic crises. We also need virtues and a sense of corporate responsibility in order to assure the sustained success of the global economy. Yet whose virtues shall prevail in a pluralistic world? The moral theory of Thomas Aquinas meets the present need for a business ethics that transcends the legal realm by linking the ideas of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  15.  14
    A Neural Theory of Visual Attention: Bridging Cognition and Neurophysiology.Claus Bundesen, Thomas Habekost & Soren Kyllingsbæk - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (2):291-328.
  16.  47
    Oikonomia Versus Chrematistike: Learning From Aristotle About the Future Orientation of Business Management.Claus Dierksmeier & Michael Pirson - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (S3):417-430.
    As a philosopher, whose theory about economics and business is systematically connected to a moral and political philosophy, Aristotle provides a rich conceptual framework to reflect upon personal wellbeing, the wealth of households, and the welfare of the state. Even though Aristotle has mainly been portrayed as an enemy of business, interest in his teachings has been on the rise among management scholars. Several articles have examined Aristotle's position with regard to current managerial approaches such as total quality management, knowledge (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  17. A Semiotic Analysis of the Genetic Information System.Claus Emmeche - 2006 - Semiotica 2006 (160):1-68.
    Terms loaded with informational connotations are often employed to refer to genes and their dynamics. Indeed, genes are usually perceived by biologists as basically ‘the carriers of hereditary information.’ Nevertheless, a number of researchers consider such talk as inadequate and ‘just metaphorical,’ thus expressing a skepticism about the use of the term ‘information’ and its derivatives in biology as a natural science. First, because the meaning of that term in biology is not as precise as it is, for instance, in (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  18.  85
    Ludwik Fleck and the Concept of Style in the Natural Sciences.Claus Zittel - 2012 - Studies in East European Thought 64 (1-2):53-79.
    Ludwik Fleck is a pioneer of the contemporary social constructionist trend in scientific theory, where his central concept of thinking style has become standard fare. Yet the concept is too often misunderstood and simplified with serious consequences not only for Fleck studies. My essay situates Fleck’s concept of thinking style in the historical context of the 1920s and ‘30s, when the notion of style was first applied to the natural sciences, in order to illustrate the uniqueness of Fleck’s concept among (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  19. Governance: An "Empty Signifier"?Claus Offe - 2009 - Constellations 16 (4):550-562.
  20. Code-Duality and the Semiotics of Nature.Claus Emmeche - manuscript
    The final version of the paper is published pp. 117-166 in: Myrdene Anderson and Floyd Merrell (eds.): On Semiotic Modeling . Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin and New York, 1991.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  21.  3
    Liberale Demokratie Und Soziale Macht: Demokratietheoretische Studien.Claus Offe - 2019 - Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22.  16
    Modernity and the State: East, West.Claus Offe - 1996 - MIT Press.
    Modernity and the State, a dozen essays written over thelast decade, develops his earlier lines of interest and extends them to the new societies emergingin Central-Eastern Europe.Offe frames the essays by suggesting that the key question ...
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  23.  39
    From Language to Nature: The Semiotic Metaphor in Biology.Claus Emmeche - 1991 - Semiotica 84 (1-2):1-42.
  24.  14
    Blockchain and Business Ethics.Claus Dierksmeier & Peter Seele - 2020 - Business Ethics: A European Review 29 (2):348-359.
    Business Ethics: A European Review, EarlyView.
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  25.  47
    Governance: An €œEmpty Signifier”?Claus Offe - 2009 - Constellations 16 (4):550-562.
  26.  81
    Privileged, Typical, or Not Even That? – Our Place in the World According to the Copernican and the Cosmological Principles.Claus Beisbart & Tobias Jung - 2006 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 37 (2):225-256.
    If we are to constrain our place in the world, two principles are often appealed to in science. According to the Copernican Principle, we do not occupy a privileged position within the Universe. The Cosmological Principle, on the other hand, says that our observations would roughly be the same, if we were located at any other place in the Universe. In our paper we analyze these principles from a logical and philosophical point of view. We show how they are related, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  27.  99
    The Relation Between Policies Concerning Corporate Social Responsibility (Csr) and Philosophical Moral Theories – an Empirical Investigation.Claus Strue Frederiksen - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 93 (3):357 - 371.
    This article examines the relation between policies concerning Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and philosophical moral theories. The objective is to determine which moral theories form the basis for CSR policies. Are they based on ethical egoism, libertarianism, utilitarianism or some kind of common-sense morality? In order to address this issue, I conducted an empirical investigation examining the relation between moral theories and CSR policies, in companies engaged in CSR. Based on the empirical data I collected, I start by suggesting some (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  28.  22
    The Freedom–Responsibility Nexus in Management Philosophy and Business Ethics.Claus Dierksmeier - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 101 (2):263-283.
    This article pursues the question whether and inasmuch theories of corporate responsibility are dependent on conceptions of managerial freedom. I argue that neglect of the idea of freedom in economic theory has led to an inadequate conceptualization of the ethical responsibilities of corporations within management theory. In a critical review of the history of economic ideas, I investigate why and how the idea of freedom was gradually removed from the canon of economics. This reconstruction aims at a deconstruction of certain (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  29.  44
    Kant on Virtue.Claus Dierksmeier - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 113 (4):597-609.
    In business ethics journals, Kant’s ethics is often portrayed as overly formalistic, devoid of substantial content, and without regard for the consequences of actions or questions of character. Hence, virtue ethicists ride happily to the rescue, offering to replace or complement Kant’s theory with their own. Before such efforts are undertaken, however, one should recognize that Kant himself wrote a “virtue theory” (Tugendlehre), wherein he discussed the questions of character as well as the teleological nature of human action. Numerous Kant (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  30. Principles of Visual Attention: Linking Mind and Brain.Claus Bundesen & Thomas Habekost - 2008 - Oxford University Press Oxford.
    The nature of attention is one of the oldest and most central problems in psychology. A huge amount of research has been produced on this subject in the last half century, especially on attention in the visual modality, but a general explanation has remained elusive. Many still view attention research as a field that is fundamentally fragmented. This book takes a different perspective and presents a unified theory of visual attention: the TVA model. The TVA model explains the many aspects (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  31.  20
    The Freedom–Responsibility Nexus in Management Philosophy and Business Ethics.Claus Dierksmeier - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 101 (2):263 - 283.
    This article pursues the question whether and inasmuch theories of corporate responsibility are dependent on conceptions of managerial freedom. I argue that neglect of the idea of freedom in economic theory has led to an inadequate conceptualization of the ethical responsibilities of corporations within management theory. In a critical review of the history of economic ideas, I investigate why and how the idea of freedom was gradually removed from the canon of economics. This reconstruction aims at a deconstruction of certain (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  32.  30
    Semiotic Scaffolding of the Social Self in Reflexivity and Friendship.Claus Emmeche - 2015 - Biosemiotics 8 (2):275-289.
    The individual and social formation of a human self, from its emergence in early childhood through adolescence to adult life, has been described within philosophy, psychology and sociology as a product of developmental and social processes mediating a linguistic and social world. Semiotic scaffolding is a multi-level phenomenon. Focusing upon levels of semiosis specific to humans, the formation of the personal self and the role of friendship and similar interpersonal relations in this process is explored through Aristotle’s classical idea of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  33.  14
    Theatrum Philosophicum: Descartes Und Die Rolle Ästhetischer Formen in der Wissenschaft.Claus Zittel - 2009 - Akademie Verlag.
  34.  76
    Virtual Realism: Really Realism or Only Virtually So? A Comment on D. J. Chalmers’s Petrus Hispanus Lectures.Claus Beisbart - 2019 - Disputatio 11 (55):297-331.
    What is the status of a cat in a virtual reality environment? Is it a real object? Or part of a fiction? Virtual realism, as defended by D. J. Chalmers, takes it to be a virtual object that really exists, that has properties and is involved in real events. His preferred specification of virtual realism identifies the cat with a digital object. The project of this paper is to use a comparison between virtual reality environments and scientific computer simulations to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  35.  69
    Ancient Indian Logic as a Theory of Non-Monotonic Reasoning.Claus Oetke - 1996 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 24 (5):447-539.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  36.  63
    Does a Robot Have an Umwelt? Reflections on the Qualitative Biosemiotics of Jakob von Uexküll.Claus Emmeche - 2001 - Semiotica 2001 (134):653-693.
  37.  53
    Some Remarks on Theses and Philosophical Positions in Early Madhyamaka.Claus Oetke - 2003 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 31 (4):449-478.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  38.  5
    The Relation Between Policies Concerning Corporate Social Responsibility and Philosophical Moral Theories – An Empirical Investigation.Claus Strue Frederiksen - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 93 (3):357-371.
    This article examines the relation between policies concerning Corporate Social Responsibility and philosophical moral theories. The objective is to determine which moral theories form the basis for CSR policies. Are they based on ethical egoism, libertarianism, utilitarianism or some kind of common-sense morality? In order to address this issue, I conducted an empirical investigation examining the relation between moral theories and CSR policies, in companies engaged in CSR. Based on the empirical data I collected, I start by suggesting some normative (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  39.  37
    Probabilities in Physics.Claus Beisbart & Stephan Hartmann (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume is the first to provide a philosophical appraisal of probabilities in all of physics.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  40.  37
    Basic Income and the Labor Contract.Claus Offe - 2009 - Analyse & Kritik 31 (1):49-79.
    The paper starts by exploring the negative contingencies that are associated with the core institution of capitalist societies, the labour contract: unemployment, poverty, and denial of autonomy. It argues that these are the three conditions that basic income schemes can help prevent. Next, the three major normative arguments are discussed that are raised by opponents of basic income proposals: the idle should not be rewarded, the prosperous don’t need it, and there are so many things waiting to be done in (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  41.  92
    Democracy Against the Welfare State?: Structural Foundations of Neoconservative Political Opportunities.Claus Offe - 1987 - Political Theory 15 (4):501-537.
  42. Closure, Function, Emergence, Semiosis and Life: The Same Idea?Claus Emmeche - manuscript
    In this note some epistemological problems in general theories about living systems are considered; in particular, the question of hidden connections between different areas of experience, such as folk biology and scientific biology, and hidden connections between central concepts of theoretical biology, such as function, semiosis, closure and life.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  43.  27
    A Humean Guide to Spielraum Probabilities.Claus Beisbart - 2016 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 47 (1):189-216.
    The most promising accounts of ontic probability include the Spielraum conception of probabilities, which can be traced back to J. von Kries and H. Poincaré, and the best system account by D. Lewis. This paper aims at comparing both accounts and at combining them to obtain the best of both worlds. The extensions of both Spielraum and best system probabilities do not coincide because the former only apply to systems with a special dynamics. Conversely, Spielraum probabilities may not be part (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  44.  74
    Aspects of Complexity in Life and Science.Claus Emmeche - 1997 - Philosophica 59.
    A short review of complexity research from the perspective of history and philosophy of biology is presented. Complexity and its emergence has scientific and metaphysical meanings. From its beginning, biology was a science of complex systems, but with the advent of electronic computing and the possibility of simulating mathematical models of complicated systems, new intuitions of complexity emerged, together with attempts to devise quantitative measures of complexity. But can we quantify the complex?
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  45.  22
    Ludwik Flecks Gestaltbegriff und sein Blick auf die Gestaltpsychologie seiner Zeit.Claus Zittel - 2014 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 22 (1-2):9-29.
    The notion of ‘Gestalt’ plays a prominent role in Ludwik Fleck’s theory of thought styles. This paper scrutinizes how Fleck adopted the concepts and even methods of Gestalt psychology that he sometimes vaguely refers to. Systematically comparing the argumentation and theoretical outlines of Fleck’s social theory of perception and the principles of some Gestalt theories, this article will show and discuss their similarities and fundamental differences. According to Fleck, both science and individual perception rest on social actions and cultural traditions. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  46.  62
    From Migration in Geographic Space to Migration in Biographic Time: Views From Europe.Claus Offe - 2011 - Journal of Political Philosophy 19 (3):333-373.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  47.  85
    Are We Sims? How Computer Simulations Represent and What This Means for the Simulation Argument.Claus Beisbart - 2014 - The Monist 97 (3):399-417.
    N. Bostrom’s simulation argument and two additional assumptions imply that we likely live in a computer simulation. The argument is based upon the following assumption about the workings of realistic brain simulations: The hardware of a computer on which a brain simulation is run bears a close analogy to the brain itself. To inquire whether this is so, I analyze how computer simulations trace processes in their targets. I describe simulations as fictional, mathematical, pictorial, and material models. Even though the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  48. Causal Processes, Semiosis, and Consciousness.Claus Emmeche - manuscript
    The evolutionary emergence of biological processes in organisms with inner, qualitative aspects has not been explained in any sufficient way by neurobiology, nor by the traditional neo-Darwinian paradigm — natural selection would appear to work just as well on insentient zombies (with the right behavioral input-output relations) as on real sentient animals. In consciousness studies one talks about the ‘hard problem’ of qualia. In this paper I sketch a set of principles about sign action, causality and emergent evolution. On the (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  49. A-Life, Organism and Body: The Semiotics of Emergent Levels.Claus Emmeche - manuscript
    1Center for the Philosophy of Nature and Science Studies, Blegdamsvej 17, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. Published pp. 117-124 in: Mark Bedeau, Phil Husbands, Tim Hutton, Sanjev Kumar and Hideaki Suzuki : Workshop and Tutorial Proceedings. Ninth International Conference on the Simulation and Synthesis of Living Systems.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  50.  57
    Remarks on the Interpretation of Nāgārjuna's Philosophy.Claus Oetke - 1991 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 19 (3):315-323.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
1 — 50 / 723