Results for 'Fred Kuttner'

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  1.  42
    Quantum Enigma: Physics Encounters Consciousness.Bruce Rosenblum & Fred Kuttner - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    The most successful theory in all of science--and the basis of one third of our economy--says the strangest things about the world and about us. Can you believe that physical reality is created by our observation of it? Physicists were forced to this conclusion, the quantum enigma, by what they observed in their laboratories. Trying to understand the atom, physicists built quantum mechanics and found, to their embarrassment, that their theory intimately connects consciousness with the physical world. Quantum Enigma explores (...)
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  2. Book Review-Quantum Enigma: Physics Encounters Consciousness-by Bruce Rosenblum and Fred Kuttner[REVIEW]Judith L. Glick-Smith - 2008 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 29 (3):285.
     
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  3. Consciousness and Quantum Mechanics: The Connection and Analogies.Bruce Rosenblum & Fred Kuttner - 1999 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 20 (3):229-256.
    Consciousness and the measurement problem of quantum mechanics have a logical connection and an historical involvement. Moreover, current issues in the two arenas have striking similarities. Whether or not consciousness warrants quantum mechanical consideration, analogies between quantum measurement and consciousness are tantalizing and suggestive. After a review of how the issue of consciousness arises in quantum mechanics , and after a brief discussion of the implications of the measurement problem for reductionism, we develop a series of analogies between consciousness and (...)
     
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  4.  89
    The Observer in the Quantum Experiment.Bruce Rosenblum & Fred Kuttner - 2002 - Foundations of Physics 32 (8):1273-1293.
    A goal of most interpretations of quantum mechanics is to avoid the apparent intrusion of the observer into the measurement process. Such intrusion is usually seen to arise because observation somehow selects a single actuality from among the many possibilities represented by the wavefunction. The issue is typically treated in terms of the mathematical formulation of the quantum theory. We attempt to address a different manifestation of the quantum measurement problem in a theory-neutral manner. With a version of the two-slit (...)
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  5.  59
    Response to Nauenberg’s “Critique of Quantum Enigma: Physics Encounters Consciousness”. [REVIEW]Fred Kuttner - 2008 - Foundations of Physics 38 (2):188-190.
    Nauenberg’s extended critique of Quantum Enigma rests on fundamental misunderstandings.
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  6. The Only Objective Evidence for Consciousness.Fred Kuttner & Bruce Rosenblum - 2006 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 27 (1):43-56.
    We describe what seems to be the only objective evidence for the existence of consciousness as an entity beyond its neural correlates. We display this evidence, the nature of observation in quantum mechanics, with a theory-neutral version of the archetypal demonstration of quantum phenomena, the two-slit experiment. This undisputed empirical result provides objective evidence for consciousness, the straightforward alternative being the assumption of not only a completely deterministic world, but a conspiratorial one as well. The objection to this evidence for (...)
     
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  7.  30
    Memoirs of Fellows and Corresponding Fellows of the Medieval Academy of America.William J. Courtenay, F. Edward Cranz, Franz Rosenthal, Robert L. Benson, Berthe Marti, T. N. Bisson, Larry D. Benson, George Kane, Fred C. Robinson, Leonard Boyle, Brian Tierney, Stephan Kuttner, Robert Hanning, John Pope, Samuel Thorne, John W. Baldwin, Theodore M. Andersson, Archibald R. Lewis, Jaroslav Pelikan, David Herlihy, John Leyerle, John H. Fisher, Ruth J. Dean, William J. Roach, Siegfried Wenzel, Archibald L. Lewis, Bryce Lyon, G. P. Cuttino, John F. Benton, Marshall Clagett, Richard H. Rouse & Edward Grant - 1988 - Speculum 63 (3):755-771.
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  8. Explaining Behavior: Reasons in a World of Causes.Fred I. Dretske - 1988 - MIT Press.
    In this lucid portrayal of human behavior, Fred Dretske provides an original account of the way reasons function in the causal explanation of behavior.
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  9. Naturalizing the Mind.Fred Dretske - 1995 - MIT Press.
    In this provocative book, Fred Dretske argues that to achieve an understanding of the mind it is not enough to understand the biological machinery by means of...
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  10. Knowledge and the Flow of Information.Fred I. Dretske - 1981 - MIT Press.
    This book presents an attempt to develop a theory of knowledge and a philosophy of mind using ideas derived from the mathematical theory of communication developed by Claude Shannon. Information is seen as an objective commodity defined by the dependency relations between distinct events. Knowledge is then analyzed as information caused belief. Perception is the delivery of information in analog form for conceptual utilization by cognitive mechanisms. The final chapters attempt to develop a theory of meaning by viewing meaning as (...)
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  11. Pleasure and the Good Life: Concerning the Nature, Varieties, and Plausibility of Hedonism.Fred Feldman - 2004 - Clarendon Press.
    Fred Feldman's fascinating new book sets out to defend hedonism as a theory about the Good Life. He tries to show that, when carefully and charitably interpreted, certain forms of hedonism yield plausible evaluations of human lives. Feldman begins by explaining the question about the Good Life. As he understands it, the question is not about the morally good life or about the beneficial life. Rather, the question concerns the general features of the life that is good in itself (...)
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  12. What is This Thing Called Happiness?Fred Feldman - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Some puzzles about happiness -- Pt. I. Some things that happiness isn't. Sensory hedonism about happiness -- Kahneman's "objective happiness" -- Subjective local preferentism about happiness -- Whole life satisfaction concepts of happiness -- Pt. II. What happiness is. What is this thing called happiness? -- Attitudinal hedonism about happiness -- Eudaimonism -- The problem of inauthentic happiness -- Disgusting happiness -- Our authority over our own happiness -- Pt. III. Implications for the empirical study of happiness. Measuring happiness -- (...)
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  13. Seeing And Knowing.Fred Dretske - 1969 - Chicago: University Of Chicago Press.
  14.  79
    Events and Plurality: The Jerusalem Lectures.Fred Landman - 2000 - Kluwer Academic Publisher.
    The main claim of this book is that the very same distinction between semantic singularity and plurality that is fundamental to the semantics of nouns in the nominal domain is operative and fundamental in the verbal domain as well, applying ...
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  15. A Generative Theory of Tonal Music.Fred Lerdahl & Ray Jackendoff - 1987 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 46 (1):94-98.
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  16. Perception, Knowledge and Belief: Selected Essays.Fred Dretske - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    This collection of essays by eminent philosopher Fred Dretske brings together work on the theory of knowledge and philosophy of mind spanning thirty years. The two areas combine to lay the groundwork for a naturalistic philosophy of mind. The fifteen essays focus on perception, knowledge, and consciousness. Together, they show the interconnectedness of Dretske's work in epistemology and his more contemporary ideas on philosophy of mind, shedding light on the links which can be made between the two. The first (...)
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  17. Utilitarianism, Hedonism, and Desert: Essays in Moral Philosophy.Fred Feldman - 1997 - Cambridge University Press.
    Fred Feldman is an important philosopher, who has made a substantial contribution to utilitarian moral philosophy. This collection of ten previously published essays plus a new introductory essay reveal the striking originality and unity of his views. Feldman's version of utilitarianism differs from traditional forms in that it evaluates behaviour by appeal to the values of accessible worlds. These worlds are in turn evaluated in terms of the amounts of pleasure they contain, but the conception of pleasure involved is (...)
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  18.  98
    The Logic of Natural Language.Fred Sommers - 1983 - Oxford University Press.
  19.  75
    Doing the Best We Can: An Essay in Informal Deontic Logic.Fred Feldman - 1986 - D. Reidel Publishing Company.
    Several years ago I came across a marvelous little paper in which Hector-Neri Castaneda shows that standard versions of act utilitarian l ism are formally incoherent. I was intrigued by his argument. It had long seemed to me that I had a firm grasp on act utilitarianism. Indeed, it had often seemed to me that it was the clearest and most attractive of normative theories. Yet here was a simple and relatively uncontrover sial argument that showed, with only some trivial (...)
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  20.  52
    In Memoriam: Fred Dretske.Fred Adams - 2013 - The Philosophers' Magazine 63:9-10.
  21. Measurement Theory.Fred S. Roberts (ed.) - 1985 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book provides an introduction to measurement theory for non-specialists and puts measurement in the social and behavioural sciences on a firm mathematical foundation. Results are applied to such topics as measurement of utility, psychophysical scaling and decision-making about pollution, energy, transportation and health. The results and questions presented should be of interest to both students and practising mathematicians since the author sets forth an area of mathematics unfamiliar to most mathematicians, but which has many potentially significant applications.
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  22. Confrontations with the Reaper: A Philosophical Study of the Nature and Value of Death.Fred Feldman - 1992 - Oxford University Press.
    What is death? Do people survive death? What do we mean when we say that someone is "dying"? Presenting a clear and engaging discussion of the classic philosophical questions surrounding death, this book studies the great metaphysical and moral problems of death. In the first part, Feldman shows that a definition of life is necessary before death can be defined. After exploring several of the most plausible accounts of the nature of life and demonstrating their failure, he goes on to (...)
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  23.  92
    Focused Attention, Open Monitoring and Automatic Self-Transcending: Categories to Organize Meditations From Vedic, Buddhist and Chinese Traditions.Fred Travis & Jonathan Shear - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1110--1118.
    This paper proposes a third meditation-category—automatic self-transcending— to extend the dichotomy of focused attention and open monitoring proposed by Lutz. Automaticself-transcending includes techniques designed to transcend their own activity. This contrasts with focused attention, which keeps attention focused on an object; and open monitoring, which keeps attention involved in the monitoring process. Each category was assigned EEG bands, based on reported brain patterns during mental tasks, and meditations were categorized based on their reported EEG. Focused attention, characterized by beta/gamma activity, (...)
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  24. Why the Mind is Still in the Head.Fred Adams & Kenneth Aizawa - 2009 - In Murat Aydede & P. Robbins (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 78--95.
    Philosophical interest in situated cognition has been focused most intensely on the claim that human cognitive processes extend from the brain into the tools humans use. As we see it, this radical hypothesis is sustained by two kinds of mistakes, the confusion of coupling relations with constitutive relations and an inattention to the mark of the cognitive. Here we wish to draw attention to these mistakes and show just how pervasive they are. That is, for all that the radical philosophers (...)
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  25. Some Puzzles About the Evil of Death.Fred Feldman - 1991 - Philosophical Review 100 (2):205-227.
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  26.  15
    Some Informational Aspects of Visual Perception.Fred Attneave - 1954 - Psychological Review 61 (3):183-193.
  27.  16
    Epistemology and Cognition.Fred Dretske - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (5):265-270.
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  28.  67
    Systems Biology: Philosophical Foundations.Fred C. Boogerd, Frank J. Bruggeman, Jan-Hendrik S. Hofmeyr & Hans V. Westerhoff (eds.) - 2007 - Elsevier.
    Systems biology is a vigorous and expanding discipline, in many ways a successor to genomics and perhaps unprecendented in its combination of biology with a ...
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  29.  32
    Towards a Theory of Information: The Status of Partial Objects in Semantics.Fred Landman - 1986 - Foris Publications.
  30.  30
    The Art of Living: Socratic Reflections From Plato to Foucault.Fred L. Rush - 1998 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 57 (4):473-475.
    For much of its history, philosophy was not merely a theoretical discipline but a way of life, an "art of living." This practical aspect of philosophy has been much less dominant in modernity than it was in ancient Greece and Rome, when philosophers of all stripes kept returning to Socrates as a model for living. The idea of philosophy as an art of living has survived in the works of such major modern authors as Montaigne, Nietzsche, and Foucault. Each of (...)
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  31. The Philosophic Impulse a Contemporary Introduction. [Compiled by] Fred J. Abbate.Fred J. Abbate - 1972
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  32. Dretske and His Critics.Fred Dretske - 1991 - Cambridge: Blackwell.
  33. Nature, Justice, and Rights in Aristotle's Politics.Fred Dycus Miller - 1995 - Oxford University Press.
    This comprehensive study of Aristotle's Politics argues that nature, justice, and rights are central to Aristotle's political thought. Miller challenges the widely held view that the concept of rights is alien to Aristotle's thought, and presents evidence for talk of rights in Aristotle's writings. He argues further that Aristotle's theory of justice supports claims of individual rights that are political and based in nature.
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  34. Gratitude.Fred R. Berger - 1975 - Ethics 85 (4):298-309.
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  35. Life-World and Politics Between Modernity and Postmodernity : Essays in Honor of Fred R. Dallmayr.Fred R. Dallmayr & Stephen K. White - 1989
     
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  36.  93
    Groups, I.Fred Landman - 1989 - Linguistics and Philosophy 12 (5):559 - 605.
  37. The Universal Machine.Fred Moten - 2018 - Duke University Press.
    "Taken as a trilogy, _consent not to be a single being_ is a monumental accomplishment: a brilliant theoretical intervention that might be best described as a powerful case for blackness as a category of analysis."—Brent Hayes Edwards, author of _Epistrophies: Jazz and the Literary Imagination_ In _The Universal Machine_—the concluding volume to his landmark trilogy _consent not to be a single being_—Fred Moten presents a suite of three essays on Emmanuel Levinas, Hannah Arendt, and Frantz Fanon in which he (...)
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  38.  97
    The Progressive.Fred Landman - 1992 - Natural Language Semantics 1 (1):1-32.
  39. Minimal Rationality.Fred I. Dretske - 2006 - In Susan Hurley & Matthew Nudds (eds.), Rational Animals? Oxford University Press.
  40. Brueckner and Fischer on the Evil of Death.Fred Feldman - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 162 (2):309-317.
    Abstract According to the Deprivation Approach, the evil of death is to be explained by the fact that death deprives us of the goods we would have enjoyed if we had lived longer. But the Deprivation Approach confronts a problem first discussed by Lucretius. Late birth seems to deprive us of the goods we would have enjoyed if we had been born earlier. Yet no one is troubled by late birth. So it’s hard to see why we should be troubled (...)
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  41.  23
    The Defense Motivation System: A Theory of Avoidance Behavior.Fred A. Masterson & Mary Crawford - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (4):661-675.
  42.  33
    Living High and Letting Die.Fred Feldman - 1999 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (1):177-181.
    By contributing a few hundred dollars to a charity like UNICEF, a prosperous person can ensure that fewer poor children die, and that more will live reasonably long, worthwhile lives. Even when knowing this, however, most people send nothing, and almost all of the rest send little. What is the moral status of this behavior? To such common cases of letting die, our untutored response is that, while it is not very good, neither is the conduct wrong. What is the (...)
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  43.  29
    Emergence and its Place in Nature: A Case Study of Biochemical Networks.Fred C. Boogerd, Frank J. Bruggeman, Robert C. Richardson, Achim Stephan & Hans V. Westerhoff - 2005 - Synthese 145 (1):131-164.
    We will show that there is a strong form of emergence in cell biology. Beginning with C.D. Broad’s classic discussion of emergence, we distinguish two conditions sufficient for emergence. Emergence in biology must be compatible with the thought that all explanations of systemic properties are mechanistic explanations and with their sufficiency. Explanations of systemic properties are always in terms of the properties of the parts within the system. Nonetheless, systemic properties can still be emergent. If the properties of the components (...)
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  44.  14
    A Healthy Heart is Not a Metronome: An Integrative Review of the Heart's Anatomy and Heart Rate Variability.Fred Shaffer, Rollin McCraty & Christopher L. Zerr - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  45. Kuttner and Rosenblum Failed to "Objectify" Consciousness.Larry R. Vandervert - 2006 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 27 (2):167-176.
    Kuttner and Rosenblum's presentation of the "only objective evidence for consciousness" is criticized for not adequately defining consciousness , not providing at the outset an explanation of the philosophical-theoretical interpretation of quantum theory that would lead to a direct rationale for their "impossible" quantum experiments, and suggesting that data from their impossible experiments could be treated as non-theoretical "facts." It is concluded that Kuttner and Rosenblum fail to objectify consciousness.
     
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  46. The Skeptics: Contemporary Essays.Fred Dretske - 2003 - Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing.
     
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  47.  2
    The Intelligent Universe.Fred Hoyle - 1983 - Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.
    Examines the origins of life on earth, analyzes the Darwinian theory of evolution, and argues that life is the result of a deliberate plan.
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  48.  43
    The Sociobiology of Ethnocentrism: Evolutionary Dimensions of Xenophobia, Discrimination, Racism and Nationalism.Fred Gifford - 1988 - Ethics 99 (1):183-184.
  49.  18
    Electronic Surveillance and Civil Liberties: Testimony of Fred W. Weingarten Before the House Judiciary Subcommittee on Courts, Civil Liberties and Administration of Justice.Fred Weingarten - 1986 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 15 (4):13-17.
  50.  12
    Theorie Unter Dem Non-Statement View Und der Kuhnsche Wissenschaftler.Michael Küttner - 1981 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 12 (1):163-177.
    This paper discusses critically the fundamental elements of the Stegmüller/Sneed-reconstruction of Kuhn's normal science concept. It is argued that a) Kuhn himself cannot accept this reconstruction if he wants to describe theory dynamics in the past; b) the reconstruction is not based on a pure non-statement view; c) to have a theory in the sense of Kuhn, should be related to the ordered pair <K,Iₒ> to ensure the desired constancy over time; d) the reconstruction implies, contrary to Kuhn, the ability (...)
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