Results for 'Keith Rayner'

(not author) ( search as author name )
1000+ found
Order:
  1. Solar Geoengineering and Democracy.Joshua Horton, Jesse Reynolds, Holly Jean Buck, Daniel Edward Callies, Stefan Schaefer, David Keith & Steve Rayner - 2018 - Global Environmental Politics 3 (18):5-24.
    Some scientists suggest that it might be possible to reflect a portion of incoming sunlight back into space to reduce climate change and its impacts. Others argue that such solar radiation management (SRM) geoengineering is inherently incompatible with democracy. In this article, we reject this incompatibility argument. First, we counterargue that technologies such as SRM lack innate political characteristics and predetermined social effects, and that democracy need not be deliberative to serve as a standard for governance. We then rebut each (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  85
    The E-Z Reader Model of Eye-Movement Control in Reading: Comparisons to Other Models.Erik D. Reichle, Keith Rayner & Alexander Pollatsek - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):445-476.
    The E-Z Reader model (Reichle et al. 1998; 1999) provides a theoretical framework for understanding how word identification, visual processing, attention, and oculomotor control jointly determine when and where the eyes move during reading. In this article, we first review what is known about eye movements during reading. Then we provide an updated version of the model (E-Z Reader 7) and describe how it accounts for basic findings about eye movement control in reading. We then review several alternative models of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   47 citations  
  3.  5
    Toward a Model of Eye Movement Control in Reading.Erik D. Reichle, Alexander Pollatsek, Donald L. Fisher & Keith Rayner - 1998 - Psychological Review 105 (1):125-157.
  4.  17
    Frequency Drives Lexical Access in Reading but Not in Speaking: The Frequency-Lag Hypothesis.Tamar H. Gollan, Timothy J. Slattery, Diane Goldenberg, Eva Van Assche, Wouter Duyck & Keith Rayner - 2011 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 140 (2):186-209.
  5.  6
    Integrating Pictorial Information Across Eye Movements.Alexander Pollatsek, Keith Rayner & William E. Collins - 1984 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 113 (3):426-442.
  6.  5
    Asymmetry of the Perceptual Span in Reading.George W. McConkie & Keith Rayner - 1976 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 8 (5):365-368.
  7.  9
    Eye Movements and Identifying Words in Parafoveal Vision.Keith Rayner & Robert E. Morrison - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 17 (3):135-138.
  8.  8
    Stages of Processing in Word Identification.Keith Rayner & Carla Posnansky - 1978 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 107 (1):64-80.
  9. Encoding Multiple Words Simultaneously in Reading is Implausible.Erik D. Reichle, Simon P. Liversedge, Alexander Pollatsek & Keith Rayner - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (3):115-119.
    Several prominent models of reading posit that attention is distributed to support the parallel lexical processing of multiple words. We contend that the auxiliary assumptions underlying this attention-gradient hypothesis are not well founded. Here, we address three specific issues related to the ongoing debate about attention allocation during reading: (i) why the attention-gradient hypothesis is widely endorsed, (ii) why processing several words in parallel in reading is implausible and (iii) why attention must be allocated to only one word at a (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  10.  8
    Visual.Vs. Phonemic Contributions to the Importance of the Initial Letter in Word Identification.Carla J. Posnansky & Keith Rayner - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 11 (3):188-190.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   29 citations  
  11.  97
    Integrating Text and Pictorial Information: Eye Movements When Looking at Print Advertisements.Keith Rayner, Caren M. Rotello, Andrew J. Stewart, Jessica Keir & Susan A. Duffy - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 7 (3):219.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  12.  2
    Using E-Z Reader to Simulate Eye Movements in Nonreading Tasks: A Unified Framework for Understanding the Eye–Mind Link.Erik D. Reichle, Alexander Pollatsek & Keith Rayner - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (1):155-185.
  13.  12
    Reading is Fundamentally Similar Across Disparate Writing Systems: A Systematic Characterization of How Words and Characters Influence Eye Movements in Chinese Reading.Xingshan Li, Klinton Bicknell, Pingping Liu, Wei Wei & Keith Rayner - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (2):895-913.
  14.  29
    Eye Movements During Reading: Some Current Controversies.Matthew S. Starr & Keith Rayner - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (4):156-163.
  15.  3
    Task Effects Reveal Cognitive Flexibility Responding to Frequency and Predictability: Evidence From Eye Movements in Reading and Proofreading.Elizabeth R. Schotter, Klinton Bicknell, Ian Howard, Roger Levy & Keith Rayner - 2014 - Cognition 131 (1):1-27.
  16.  30
    Eye Movements in Reading: Models and Data.Keith Rayner, Alexander Pollatsek & Erik D. Reichle - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):507-518.
    The issues the commentators have raised and which we address, include: the debate over how attention is allocated during reading; our distinction between early and late stages of lexical processing; our assumptions about saccadic programming; the determinants of skipping and refixations; and the role that higher-level linguistic processing may play in influencing eye movements during reading. In addition, we provide a discussion of model development and principles for evaluating and comparing models. Although we acknowledge that E-Z Reader is incomplete, we (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  17.  10
    Eye Movements of Second Language Learners When Reading Spaced and Unspaced Chinese Text.Deli Shen, Simon P. Liversedge, Jin Tian, Chuanli Zang, Lei Cui, Xuejun Bai, Guoli Yan & Keith Rayner - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 18 (2):192-202.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  18.  9
    Tracking the Mind During Reading Via Eye Movements: Comments on Kliegl, Nuthmann, and Engbert.Keith Rayner, Alexander Pollatsek, Denis Drieghe, Timothy J. Slattery & Erik D. Reichle - 2007 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 136 (3):520-529.
  19.  3
    The Role of Phonology in the Activation of Word Meanings During Reading: Evidence From Proofreading and Eye Movements.Debra Jared, Betty Ann Levy & Keith Rayner - 1999 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 128 (3):219.
  20.  19
    Bound Variables and C‐command.Maria Nella Carminati, Lyn Frazier & Keith Rayner - 2002 - Journal of Semantics 19 (1):1-34.
    It has long been assumed in linguistics that bound variable interpretations of pronouns are possible (only) when a quantified expression c‐commands the pronoun. In two studies in which readers' eye movements were recorded, we examined the processing of pronouns bound by universal quantifiers. Experiment 1 compared examples where the quantifier c‐commands the pronoun (‘Every British soldier thought he killed an enemy soldier’) with examples where it doesn't (‘Every British soldier aimed and then he killed an enemy soldier’). Although there were (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  21.  36
    Is Covert Attention Really Unnecessary?Alexander Pollatsek & Keith Rayner - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):695-696.
    We are largely in agreement with the Findlay & Walker model. However, they appear to dismiss the role of covert spatial attention in tasks in which people are free to move their eyes. We argue that an account of the facts about the perceptual span in reading requires a window of attention not centered around the fovea. Moreover, a computational model of reading that we (Reichle et al. 1998) developed gives a good account of eye movement control in reading and (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  22.  15
    Taking on Semantic Commitments, II: Collective Versus Distributive Readings.Lyn Frazier, Jeremy M. Pacht & Keith Rayner - 1999 - Cognition 70 (1):87-104.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  23.  5
    Parafoveal Processing During Reading is Reduced Across a Morphological Boundary.Denis Drieghe, Alexander Pollatsek, Barbara J. Juhasz & Keith Rayner - 2010 - Cognition 116 (1):136-142.
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  24.  6
    Extending the E‐Z Reader Model of Eye Movement Control to Chinese Readers.Keith Rayner, Xingshan Li & Alexander Pollatsek - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (6):1021-1033.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  25.  19
    Research Report.Eyal M. Reingold & Keith Rayner - unknown
    A critical prediction of the E-Z Reader model is that experimental manipulations that disrupt early encoding of visual and orthographic features of the fixated word without affecting subsequent lexical processing should influence the processing difficulty of the fixated word without affecting the processing of the next word. We tested this prediction by monitoring participants’ eye movements while they read sentences in which a target word was presented either normally or altered. In the critical condition, the contrast between the target word (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  26.  16
    Discourse Influences During Parsing Are Delayed.Keith Rayner, Simon Garrod & Charles A. Perfetti - 1992 - Cognition 45 (2):109-139.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  27. Eye Movements and on-Line Comprehension Processes.Adrian Staub & Rayner & Keith - 2009 - In Gareth Gaskell (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics. Oxford University Press.
  28.  5
    Icons, Visual Buffers, and Eye Movements.Keith Rayner - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (1):36-37.
  29.  3
    Eye Movement Latencies for Parafoveally Presented Words.Keith Rayner - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 11 (1):13-16.
  30.  16
    Language Processing.Keith Rayner & Charles Clifton - 2002 - In J. Wixted & H. Pashler (eds.), Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Wiley.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  18
    Top-Down Influences in the Interactive Alignment Model: The Power of the Situation Model.Tessa Warren & Keith Rayner - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):211-211.
    Pickering & Garrod's (P&G's) model is an innovative and important step in the study of naturalistic language. However, the simplicity of its mechanisms for dialogue coordination may be overstated and the hypothesized direct priming channel between interlocutors' situation models is questionable. A complete specification of the model will require more investigation of the role of top-down inhibition among representations.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  8
    Against Semantic Preprocessing in Parafoveal Vision.Keith Rayner - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):46-47.
  33.  6
    Language Comprehension, Methodologies for Studying.Matthew S. Starr & Keith Rayner - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
  34.  3
    On the Functional Significance of Express Saccades.Martin H. Fischer & Keith Rayner - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):577-577.
  35.  2
    Sequential Masking During Eye Fixations in Reading.Maria L. Slowiaczek & Keith Rayner - 1987 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (3):175-178.
  36. Lyn Frazier, Maria Nella Carminati, Anne E. Cook, Helen Majewski and Keith Rayner (University of Massachusetts) Semantic Evaluation of Syntactic Structure: Evidence From Eye Movements, B53–B62 Andrea Weber (Saarland University), Martine Grice (University of Cologne) and Matthew W. Crocker (Saarland University). [REVIEW]Tania Lombrozo, Susan Carey, Joana Cholin, Willem Jm Levelt, Niels O. Schiller, Rebecca J. Woods & Teresa Wilcox - 2006 - Cognition 99:385-387.
  37.  15
    The Meaning of Sex: A View From the Agony Column.C. Rayner - 1977 - Journal of Medical Ethics 3 (4):157-159.
    This is a slightly edited version of a talk given by Mrs Claire Rayner, a journalist and broadcaster, to a conference on human sexuality held under the auspices of the London Medical Group in the spring of this year. Mrs Rayner's lively presentation conveys the problems and anxieties which people face in this area, even in this so-called `permissive' age.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  21
    Unconscious Logic: An Introduction to Matte Blanco's Bi-Logic and its Uses.Eric Rayner - 1995 - Routledge.
    Eric Rayner, a psychoanalyst in private practice, has written the first clear introduction to Matte-Blanco's key concepts for psychotherapists and psychoanalysts. While Matte-Blanco's theories on the structure of the unconscious and the way in which it operates are generally recognized to be the most original since those of Freud, many people find his use of terminology from mathematics and logic difficult to understand. In this book, Rayner sets out the central ideas and then shows, with examples, how they (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  22
    An Empirical Evaluation of the Effect of Peer and Managerial Ethical Behaviors and the Ethical Predispositions of Prospective Advertising Employees.Nancy K. Keith, Charles E. Pettijohn & Melissa S. Burnett - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 48 (3):251-265.
    An advertising firm''s ethical culture (as defined by the firm''s managerial and peer ethical behaviors) may affect the employees'' comfort levels and ethical behaviors. In this research, scenarios were used to describe advertising firms with various ethical cultures. Respondents'' perceived comfort levels in working for the firms described in the scenarios and the respondents'' behavioral intentions when faced with various advertising situations were assessed. Results of the study indicate that peer ethical behavior exerts a strong influence on the comfort or (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  40. Pornography Contextualized: A Test Case for a Feminist-Pragmatist Ethics.Heather E. Keith - 2001 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 15 (2):122-136.
  41.  63
    Toulmin's Rhetorical Logic: What's the Warrant for Warrants?William M. Keith & David E. Beard - 2008 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 41 (1):22-50.
  42.  45
    Hospital Ethics Committees in the United Kingdom.EricM Meslin, Claire Rayner, Vic Larcher, Tony Hope & Julian Savulescu - 1996 - HEC Forum 8 (5):301-315.
  43.  29
    Images in Ethics Codes in an Era of Violence and Tragedy.Susan Keith, Carol B. Schwalbe & B. William Silcock - 2006 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 21 (4):245 – 264.
    In an analysis of 47 U.S. journalism ethics codes, we found that although most consider images, only 9 address a gripping issue: how to treat images of tragedy and violence, such as those produced on the battlefields of Iraq, during the 2005 London bombings, and after Hurricane Katrina. Among codes that consider violent and tragic images, there is agreement on what images are problematic and a move toward green-light considerations of ethical responsibilities. However, the special problems of violence and truth (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  44.  43
    “Secret” Casualties: Images of Injury and Death in the Iraq War Across Media Platforms.B. William Silcock, Carol B. Schwalbe & Susan Keith - 2008 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 23 (1):36 – 50.
    This study examined more than 2,500 war images from U.S. television news, newspapers, news magazines, and online news sites during the first five weeks of the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003 and found that only 10% showed injury or death. The paper analyzes which media platforms were most willing to show casualties and offers insights on when journalists should use gruesome war images or keep them secret.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  45.  49
    On Questioning Being: Foucault’s Heideggerian Turn.Timothy Rayner - 2004 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 12 (4):419 – 438.
    Attempts to resolve the question of Foucault's relationship to Heidegger usually look for points of substantive correlation between them: the coincidence of being and power, the meaning of truth, technology, ethics, and so on. Taking seriously Foucault's claim in his final interview that he uses Heidegger as an 'instrument of thought', this paper looks for a correlation in practice. The argument focuses on a structural isomorphism between Heidegger's concept of the fourfold event (Ereignis) of being and later Foucault's critique of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  46.  18
    LTP and Memory: Déjà Vu.Jerry W. Rudy & Julian R. Keith - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):629-629.
    Shors & Matzel's conclusion that LTP is not related to learning is similar to one we reached several years ago. We discuss some methodological advances that have relevance to the issue and applaud the authors for challenging existing dogma.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  47.  14
    De Rhetorica Fullerae.William Keith - 1995 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 25 (4):488-496.
    I should say at the outset that I actually like this book a lot, but I am not sure how comfortable I am with liking it. It is the sort of innovative, exciting, exasperating, infuriating, and provocative book that's good even when it's bad, because it sets everyone to talking and arguing about all kinds of things. Initially, I will give a brief gloss of the main points of the book and of its virtues. Then I would like to single (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48.  17
    Cognitive Science on a Wing and a Prayer.William Keith - 1990 - Social Epistemology 343 (October-December):343-355.
  49.  3
    The Origin and Development of Persons.Ernest A. Rayner - 1916 - Philosophical Review 25 (6):788-800.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. Governing Societies: Political Perspectives on Domestic and International Rule.Timothy Rayner - 2008 - Critical Horizons 9 (2):249-253.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 1000