Results for 'Gideon Engler'

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  1.  32
    Aesthetics in Science and in Art.Gideon Engler - 1990 - British Journal of Aesthetics 30 (1):24-34.
  2.  30
    Einstein and the Most Beautiful Theories in Physics.Gideon Engler - 2002 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 16 (1):27 – 37.
    Einstein's theories of special and general relativity are unanimously praised by scientists for their extraordinary beauty to the extent that some consider the latter to be the most beautiful theory in physics. The grounds for these assertions are assessed here and it is concluded that the beauty of Einstein's theories can be attributed to two of their aspects. The first is that they incorporate all possible ingredients that constitute the beauty of theories: simplicity, symmetry, invariance, unification, etc. The second concerns (...)
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  3.  32
    Quantum Field Theories and Aesthetic Disparity.Gideon Engler - 2001 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15 (1):51 – 63.
    The theoretical physicist Paul Dirac rejected, explicitly on aesthetic grounds, a successful theory known as quantum electrodynamics (QED), which is the prototype for the family of theories known as quantum field theories (QFTs). Remarkably, the theoretical physicist Steven Weinberg, also largely on aesthetic grounds, supports QED and other QFTs. In order to evaluate these opposing aesthetic views a short introduction to the physical properties of QFTs is presented together with a detailed analysis of the aesthetic claims of Dirac and Weinberg. (...)
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  4.  46
    Einstein, His Theories, and His Aesthetic Considerations.Gideon Engler - 2005 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 19 (1):21 – 30.
    This article deals with the question whether aesthetic considerations affected Einstein in formulating both his theories of relativity. The opinions of philosophers and historians alike are divided on this matter. Thus, Gerald Holton supports the view that Einstein employed aesthetic considerations in formulating his theory of special relativity whereas Jim Shelton opposes it, one of his reasons being that Einstein did not mention such considerations. The other theory, namely, that of general relativity, is discussed by John D. Norton. He asserts (...)
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  5.  70
    Insights of Genius: Imagery, and Creativity in Science and Art. Arthur I. Miller.Gideon Engler - 2001 - British Journal of Aesthetics 41 (3):337-339.
  6.  17
    Science and Art: The Red Book of Einstein Meets Magritte.Gideon Engler - 2002 - British Journal of Aesthetics 42 (4):425-427.
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  7. I—Gideon Rosen: Culpability and Duress: A Case Study.Gideon Rosen - 2014 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 88 (1):69-90.
    The paper examines the conditions under which we are responsible for actions performed under duress, focusing on a real case in which a soldier was compelled at gunpoint to participate in the massacre of civilian prisoners. The case stands for a class of cases in which the compelled act is neither clearly justified nor clearly excused on grounds of temporary incapacity, but in which it is nonetheless plausible that the agent is not morally blameworthy. The theoretical challenge is to identify (...)
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  8. Metaphysical Dependence: Grounding and Reduction.Gideon Rosen - 2010 - In Bob Hale & Aviv Hoffmann (eds.), Modality: Metaphysics, Logic, and Epistemology. Oxford University Press. pp. 109-36.
  9. The Age of Culpability: Children and the Nature of Criminal Responsibility.Gideon Yaffe - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    Gideon Yaffe presents a theory of criminal responsibility according to which child criminals deserve leniency not because of their psychological, behavioural, or neural immaturity but because they are denied the vote. He argues that full shares of criminal punishment are deserved only by those who have a full share of say over the law.
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  10. Ausgewählte Schriften: Herausgegeben von Gideon Stiening Und Udo Rothmichael Hißmann – Materialismus Und Aufklärung.Gideon Stiening & Udo Roth - 2013 - Akademie Verlag.
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  11. Real Definition.Gideon Rosen - 2015 - Analytic Philosophy 56 (3):189-209.
  12. Attempts: In the Philosophy of Action and the Criminal Law.Gideon Yaffe - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Gideon Yaffe presents a ground-breaking work which demonstrates the importance of philosophy of action for the law. Many people are serving sentences not for completing crimes, but for trying to. Yaffe's clear account of what it is to try to do something promises to resolve the difficulties courts face in the adjudication of attempted crimes.
     
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  13. Modal Fictionalism.Gideon Rosen - 1990 - Mind 99 (395):327-354.
  14. Culpability and Ignorance.Gideon Rosen - 2003 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 103 (1):61-84.
    When a person acts from ignorance, he is culpable for his action only if he is culpable for the ignorance from which he acts. The paper defends the view that this principle holds, not just for actions done from ordinary factual ignorance, but also for actions done from moral ignorance. The question is raised whether the principle extends to action done from ignorance about what one has most reason to do. It is tentatively proposed that the principle holds in full (...)
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  15. Composition as a Fiction.Gideon Rosen & Cian Dorr - 2002 - In Richard Gale (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Metaphysics. Blackwell. pp. 151--174.
    Region R Question: How many objects — entities, things — are contained in R? Ignore the empty space. Our question might better be put, 'How many material objects does R contain?' Let's stipulate that A, B and C are metaphysical atoms: absolutely simple entities with no parts whatsoever besides themselves. So you don't have to worry about counting a particle's top half and bottom half as different objects. Perhaps they are 'point-particles', with no length, width or breadth. Perhaps they are (...)
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  16. Skepticism About Moral Responsibility.Gideon Rosen - 2004 - Philosophical Perspectives 18 (1):295–313.
  17. Ground by Law.Gideon Rosen - 2017 - Philosophical Issues 27 (1):279-301.
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  18.  7
    InhaltsverzeichnisZur Einführung: »Die mehresten Menschen bleiben immer Materialisten.«I. Aus den MonographienII. Beiträge in ZeitschriftenIII. ÜbersetzungenIV. RezensionenV. ErläuterungenVI. Anhang: Herausgegeben von Gideon Stiening und Udo RothMichael Hißmann – Materialismus und Aufklärung. [REVIEW]Gideon Stiening & Udo Roth - 2013 - In Michael Hißmann (ed.), Ausgewählte Schriften: Herausgegeben von Gideon Stiening Und Udo Rothmichael Hißmann – Materialismus Und Aufklärung. Akademie Verlag. pp. 9-22.
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  19. The Limits of Contingency.Gideon Rosen - 2006 - In Fraser MacBride (ed.), Identity and Modality. Oxford University Press. pp. 13--39.
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  20.  4
    Three Points of Disagreement with Gideon Yaffe on Attempts. [REVIEW]Gideon Yaffe, Steven Sverdlik, Thomas Nadelhoffer & Jan Broersen - 2012 - Jurisprudence 3 (2):465-503.
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  21.  34
    Abstract Objects.Gideon Rosen - 2012 - In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. The Metaphysics Research Lab, Center for the Study of Language and Information, Stanford University.
    It is widely supposed that every entity falls into one of twocategories: Some are concrete; the rest abstract. The distinction issupposed to be of fundamental significance for metaphysics andepistemology. This article surveys a number of recent attempts to sayhow it should be drawn.
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  22. Abstract Objects.Gideon Rosen - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  23. Kleinbart the Oblivious and Other Tales of Ignorance and Responsibility.Gideon Rosen - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy 105 (10):591-610.
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  24.  19
    Responsibility and Control: A Theory of Moral Responsibility.Gideon Yaffe - 2000 - Erkenntnis 53 (3):429-434.
  25. What is Constructive Empiricism?Gideon Rosen - 1994 - Philosophical Studies 74 (2):143 - 178.
    Van Fraassen defines constructive empiricism as the view that science aims to produce empirically adequate theories. But this account has been misunderstood. Constructive empiricism in not, as it seems, a description of the intentional features of scientific practice, nor is it a normative prescription for their revision. It is rather a fiction about the practice of science that van Fraassen displays in the interests of a broader empiricism. The paper concludes with a series of arguments designed to show that constructive (...)
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  26. Nominalism, Naturalism, Epistemic Relativism.Gideon Rosen - 2001 - Noûs 35 (s15):69 - 91.
  27. Objectivity and Modern Idealism: What is the Question?Gideon Rosen - 1994 - In John O'Leary-Hawthorne & Michaelis Michael (eds.), Philosophy in Mind. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 277--319.
  28. Modal Fictionalism Fixed.Gideon Rosen - 1995 - Analysis 55 (2):67-73.
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  29. Brandom on Modality, Normativity, and Intentionality.Gideon Rosen - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (3):611-23.
    1. Professor Brandom’s paper is addressed to a methodological question: When we set out to account for the intentionality of thought and language, what resources may we exploit? Which notions may we use? Brandom is a famously ambitious theorist. Unlike his colleague, John McDowell, Brandom has long maintained that we should at least aspire to explain intentionality in non-intentional terms. This leaves it open, however, which non-intentional resources are legitimate.
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  30. Blackburn’s E Ssays in Quasi-Realism.Gideon Rosen - 1998 - Noûs 32 (3):386-405.
  31.  98
    Who Makes the Rules Around Here?Gideon Rosen - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (1):163-171.
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  32. A Problem for Fictionalism About Possible Worlds.Gideon Rosen - 1993 - Analysis 53 (2):71 - 81.
    Fictionalism about possible worlds is the view that talk about worlds in the analysis of modality is to be construed as ontologically innocent discourse about the content of a fiction. Versions of the view have been defended by D M Armstrong (in "A Combinatorial Theory of Possibility") and by myself (in "Modal Fictionalism', "Mind" 99, July 1990). The present note argues that fictionalist accounts of modality (both Armstrong's version and my own) fail to serve the fictionalists ontological purposes because they (...)
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  33.  99
    The Metaphysicians of Meaning: Russell and Frege on Sense and Denotation.Gideon Makin - 2000 - Routledge.
    Metaphysicians of Meaning is the first book to challenge the accepted understanding of Russell's On Denoting and Frege's On Sense and Reference . Makin compares the work Russell did shortly before his famous essay "On Denoting" with the essay itself and argues that this comparison shows that the traditional view of the problem Russell was trying to solve is untenable. He then examines Frege's classic essay and argues that some of the less well-known views that Frege held have radical implications (...)
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  34. Indoctrination, Coercion and Freedom of Will.Gideon Yaffe - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 67 (2):335–356.
    Manipulation by another person often undermines freedom. To explain this, a distinction is drawn between two forms of manipulation: indoctrination is defined as causing another person to respond to reasons in a pattern that serves the manipulator’s ends; coercion as supplying another person with reasons that, given the pattern in which he responds to reasons, lead him to act in ways that serve the manipulator’s ends. It is argued that both forms of manipulation undermine freedom because manipulators track the compliance (...)
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  35.  19
    What is a Moral Law?Gideon Rosen - 2017 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 12.
    This chapter explores bridge-law non-naturalism: the view that when a particular thing possesses a moral property or stands in a moral relation, this fact is metaphysically grounded in non-normative features of the thing in question together with a general moral law. Any view of this sort faces two challenges, analogous to familiar challenges in the philosophy of science: to specify the form of the explanatory laws, and to say when a fact of that form qualifies as a law. The chapter (...)
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  36. Recent Work on Addiction and Responsible Agency.Gideon Yaffe - 2001 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 30 (2):178-221.
  37. The Refutation of Nominalism (?).Gideon Rosen - 1993 - Philosophical Topics 21 (2):141--86.
  38.  42
    Manifest Activity: Thomas Reid's Theory of Action.Gideon Yaffe - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Manifest Activity presents and critically examines the model of human power, the will, our capacities for purposeful conduct, and the place of our agency in the natural world of one of the most important and traditionally under-appreciated philosophers of the 18th century: Thomas Reid. For Reid, contrary to the view of many of his predecessors, it is simply manifest that we are active with respect to our behaviours; it is manifest, he thinks, that our actions are not merely remote products (...)
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  39.  16
    Gideon Rosen on Constructive Empiricism.Bas C. van Fraassen - 1994 - Philosophical Studies 74 (2):179-192.
  40.  37
    Buddhist Psychology: Contributions to Western Psychological Theory.Jack Engler - 1998 - In Anthony Molino (ed.), The Couch and the Tree: Dialogues in Psychoanalysis and Buddhism. North Point Press. pp. 111--118.
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  41.  26
    Knowledge and Evidence.Gideon Rosen - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (3):681.
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  42. The Case Against Epistemic Relativism: Reflections on Chapter 6 of F Ear of Knowledge.Gideon Rosen - 2007 - Episteme 4 (1):10-29.
    According to one sort of epistemic relativist, normative epistemic claims (e.g., evidence E justifies hypothesis H) are never true or false simpliciter, but only relative to one or another epistemic system. In chapter 6 of Fear of Knowledge, Paul Boghossian objects to this view on the ground that its central notions cannot be explained, and that it cannot account for the normativity of epistemic discourse. This paper explores how the dogged relativist might respond.
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  43. The Case for Incompatibilism.Gideon Rosen - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (3):699-706.
    Wallace does not provide an explicit account of moral fairness. Rather he gives substance the notion by articulating two concrete principles governing blame which are meant to be—and in some sense clearly are—demands of fairness.
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  44.  33
    Liberty Worth the Name: Locke on Free Agency.Gideon Yaffe - 2000 - Princeton University Press.
    This is the first comprehensive interpretation of John Locke's solution to one of philosophy's most enduring problems: free will and the nature of human agency.
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  45. A Subject with No Object: Strategies for Nominalistic Interpretation of Mathematics.John P. Burgess & Gideon Rosen - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    Numbers and other mathematical objects are exceptional in having no locations in space or time or relations of cause and effect. This makes it difficult to account for the possibility of the knowledge of such objects, leading many philosophers to embrace nominalism, the doctrine that there are no such objects, and to embark on ambitious projects for interpreting mathematics so as to preserve the subject while eliminating its objects. This book cuts through a host of technicalities that have obscured previous (...)
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  46.  18
    Punishing Non-citizens.Gideon Yaffe - 2020 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 14 (3):347-364.
    This paper considers the question of why the non-citizenship of offenders poses an obstacle to their criminal punishment. Several proposals are rejected, including Antony Duff’s proposal. It is proposed, instead, that governments are not authorized to punish any offender who cannot be attributed with the norm he violates. The government cannot attribute the norm that a non-citizen violates to him, if the non-citizen can raise in his favor the fact that he has no say over the law. Under certain circumstances, (...)
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  47.  53
    The Point of Mens Rea: The Case of Willful Ignorance.Gideon Yaffe - 2018 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 12 (1):19-44.
    Under the “Willful Ignorance Principle,” a defendant is guilty of a crime requiring knowledge he lacks provided he is ignorant thanks to having earlier omitted inquiry. In this paper, I offer a novel justification of this principle through application of the theory that knowledge matters to culpability because of how the knowing action manifests the agent’s failure to grant sufficient weight to other people’s interests. I show that, under a simple formal model that supports this theory, omitting inquiry manifests precisely (...)
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  48. Problems in the History of Fictionalism.Gideon Rosen - 2005 - In Mark Eli Kalderon (ed.), Fictionalism in Metaphysics. Oxford University Press. pp. 14--64.
     
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  49. Locke on Ideas of Identity and Diversity.Gideon Yaffe - 2007 - In Lex Newman (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Locke's "Essay Concerning Human Understanding". Cambridge University Press.
  50.  89
    Scanlon’s Modal Metaphysics.Gideon Rosen - 2017 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 47 (6):856-876.
    In Being Realistic About Reasons T. M. Scanlon argues that particular fact about reasons are explained by contingent non-normative facts together with pure normative principles. A question then arises about the modal status of these pure principles. Scanlon maintains that they are necessary in a sense, and suggests that they are ‘metaphysically’ necessary. I argue that the best view for Scanlon to take, given his other commitments, is that these pure normative principles are metaphysically contingent in some cases and necessary (...)
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