Results for 'Simkulet William'

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  1.  20
    Cursed Lamp: The Problem of Spontaneous Abortion.William Simkulet - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (11):784-791.
    Many people believe human fetuses have the same moral status as adult human persons, that it is wrong to allow harm to befall things with this moral status, and thus voluntary, induced abortion is seriously morally wrong. Recently, many prochoice theorists have argued that this antiabortion stance is inconsistent; approximately 60% of human fetuses die from spontaneous abortion, far more than die from induced abortion, so if antiabortion theorists really believe that human fetuses have significant moral status, they have strong (...)
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  2.  42
    Nudging, Informed Consent and Bullshit.William Simkulet - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (8):536-542.
    Some philosophers have argued that during the process of obtaining informed consent, physicians should try to nudge their patients towards consenting to the option the physician believes best, where a nudge is any influence that is expected to predictably alter a person’s behaviour without restricting her options. Some proponents of nudging even argue that it is a necessary and unavoidable part of securing informed consent. Here I argue that nudging is incompatible with obtaining informed consent. I assume informed consent requires (...)
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  3.  40
    Intention and Moral Enhancement.William Simkulet - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (9):714-720.
    Recently philosophers have proposed a wide variety of interventions referred to as ‘moral enhancements’. Some of these interventions are concerned with helping individuals make more informed decisions; others, however, are designed to compel people to act as the intervener sees fit. Somewhere between these two extremes lie interventions designed to direct an agent's attention either towards morally relevant issues – hat-hanging – or away from temptations to do wrong – hat-hiding. I argue that these interventions fail to constitute genuine moral (...)
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  4.  18
    The Two Tragedies Argument.William Simkulet - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (5):304-308.
    Opposition to induced abortion rests on the belief that fetuses have a moral status comparable to beings like us, and that the loss of such a life is tragic. Antiabortion, or pro-life, theorists argue that it is wrong to induce abortion and it is wrong to allow others to perform induced abortion. However, evidence suggests that spontaneous abortion kills far more fetuses than induced abortion, and critics argue that most pro-life theorists neglect the threat of spontaneous abortion and ought to (...)
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  5.  14
    Abortion and Ectogenesis: Moral Compromise.William Simkulet - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (2):93-98.
    The contemporary philosophical literature on abortion primarily revolves around three seemingly intractable debates, concerning the moral status of the fetus, scope of women’s rights and moral relevance of the killing/letting die distinction. The possibility of ectogenesis—technology that would allow a fetus to develop outside of a gestational mother’s womb—presents a unique opportunity for moral compromise. Here, I argue those opposed to abortion have a prima facie moral obligation to pursue ectogenesis technology and provide ectogenesis for disconnected fetuses as part of (...)
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  6.  6
    On Legal Age Change.William Simkulet - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (7):469-470.
    Joona Räsänen argues some people have a right to change their legal age to prevent age discrimination. He proposes two prerequisites—the person feels his age differs from his legal age, and that person’s biological age differs from his chronological age. I argue we can achieve the same protections from ageism through restricting access to one’s birth date. I review several moral reasons in favour of changing one’s legal age, concluding the enterprise is folly.
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  7.  19
    Substance, Rights, Value, and Abortion.William Simkulet - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (9):1002-1011.
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  8.  21
    A Critique of Henrik Friberg‐Fernros's Defense of the Substance View.William Simkulet - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (9):767-773.
    Proponents of the substance view contend that abortion is seriously morally wrong because it is killing something with the same inherent value and right to life as you or I. Rob Lovering offers two innovative criticisms of the anti-abortion position taken by the substance view – the rescue argument and the problem of spontaneous abortion. Henrik Friberg-Fernros offers an interesting response to Lovering, but one I argue would be inconsistent with the anti-abortion stance taken by most substance view theorists.
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  9.  9
    Two Tragedies Argument: Two Mistakes.William Simkulet - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (8):562-564.
    Most opposition to abortion turns on the claim that human fetuses are full moral agents from conception. Critics argue that antiabortion theorists act hypocritically when they neglect spontaneous abortions—valuing some fetal lives and not others. Many philosophers draw a distinction between killing and letting die, with the former being morally impermissible and latter acceptable. Henrick Friberg-Fernros appeals to this distinction with his Two Tragedies Argument, contending that anti-abortion theorists are justified in prioritising preventing induced abortions over spontaneous ones, as the (...)
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  10.  35
    Informed Consent and Nudging.William Simkulet - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (1):169-184.
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  11.  24
    The Parenthood Argument.William Simkulet - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (1):10-15.
    Don Marquis is well known for his future like ours theory, according to which the killing beings like us is seriously morally wrong because it deprives us of a future we can value. According to Marquis, human fetuses possess a future they can come to value, and thus according to FLO have a right to life. Recently Mark Brown has argued that even if FLO shows fetuses have a right to life, it fails to show that fetuses have a right (...)
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  12.  9
    Reasonable Default in Organ Donation Policy.William Simkulet - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 8 (4):236-238.
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  13.  6
    Lucky Assassins: On Luck and Moral Responsibility.William Simkulet - 2014 - Lyceum 13 (1).
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  14.  40
    Abortion, Property, and Liberty.William Simkulet - 2016 - The Journal of Ethics 20 (4):373-383.
    In “Abortion and Ownership” John Martin Fischer argues that in Judith Jarvis Thomson’s violinist case you have a moral obligation not to unplug yourself from the violinist. Fischer comes to this conclusion by comparing the case with Joel Feinberg’s cabin case, in which he contends a stranger is justified in using your cabin to stay alive. I argue that the relevant difference between these cases is that while the stranger’s right to life trumps your right to property in the cabin (...)
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  15.  8
    Autonomy as Free Will.William Simkulet - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 4 (4):71-72.
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  16.  15
    On Derivative Moral Responsibility and the Epistemic Connection Required for Moral Responsibility.William Simkulet - 2015 - Kilikya Felsefe Dergisi / Cilicia Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):61-75.
    Derivative moral responsibility is not moral responsibility at all. Much of the confusion found in the literature concerning moral responsibility and the free will problem can be traced back to a penchant to reconcile our philosophical theories of moral responsibility with our folk commonsense linguistic accounts of moral responsibility, a tradition that is notable for its utter lack of making two important distinctions - the distinction between derivative moral responsibility and non-derivative moral responsibility and the distinction between the scope and (...)
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  17.  17
    On Robust Alternate Possibilities and the Tax Evasion Case.William Simkulet - 2015 - Southwest Philosophy Review 31 (1):101-107.
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  18.  33
    David Boonin, Should Race Matter? Unusual Answers to the Usual Questions , 411 Pp. ISBN: 9780521149808.William Simkulet - 2013 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (6):796-798.
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  19.  4
    The Cohen Problem of Informed Consent.William Simkulet - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (9):617-622.
    To avoid potential abuse and respect patient autonomy, physicians have a moral obligation to obtain informed consent before performing any significant medical intervention. To give informed consent, a patient must be competent, understand her condition, options and their expected risks and benefits and must freely and expressly consent to one of those options. Shlomo Cohen challenges this conception of informed consent by constructing cases based on Edmund Gettier’s classic counterexamples to traditional theories of knowledge. In this paper, I argue Cohen-style (...)
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  20.  51
    "Review of" Rationality+ Consciousness= Free Will". [REVIEW]William Simkulet - 2013 - Essays in Philosophy 14 (1):10.
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  21.  27
    Bernard Berofsky, Nature's Challenge to Free Will . 280, Price £37.50 Hb.William Simkulet - 2013 - Philosophical Investigations 36 (2):185-188.
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  22.  14
    Identity Consistency and Medical Interventions.William Simkulet - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 8 (3):180-182.
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  23.  13
    At Odds with the Truth.William Simkulet - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (8):548-550.
    > The bullshitter may not deceive us, or even intend to do so, either about the facts or about what he takes the facts to be. What he does necessarily attempt to deceive us about is his enterprise. His only indispensably distinctive characteristic is that in a certain way he misrepresents what he is up to. 1 - Harry Frankfurt In both lying and truth-telling, the speaker intends the audience to believe what she says is true; that her enterprise is (...)
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  24.  11
    On Diminished Moral Responsibility.William Simkulet - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (4):204-205.
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  25.  33
    "Action, Ethics, and Responsibility," Edited by Joseph Keim Campbell, Michael O'Rourke, and Harry S. Silverstein.William Simkulet - 2013 - Teaching Philosophy 36 (2):200-204.
  26.  23
    Review of "In Praise of Reason". [REVIEW]William Simkulet - 2013 - Essays in Philosophy 14 (2):12.
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  27.  32
    Essays on the History of Ethics by Michael Slote (Review).William Simkulet - 2013 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (3):500-501.
    In this book Michael Slote discusses the history of ethics from a sentimentalist perspective. It can be read in two ways: first, as a tribute to great thinkers whose contributions have helped shape contemporary ethics, and second, as a defense of a sentimentalist virtue theory. This review centers on the two chapters most relevant to sentimentalist virtue theory: chapter 1, in which Slote defines and defends elevationism, and chapter 5, in which he offers a defense of sentimentalism. The first essay (...)
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  28.  20
    Under the Veil.William Simkulet - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (8):27-28.
  29.  16
    Ishtiyaque Haji , Reason's Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free Will . Reviewed By.William Simkulet - 2013 - Philosophy in Review 33 (5):381-383.
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  30.  13
    What Moral Responsibility Requires.William Simkulet - unknown
    The primary goal of this dissertation is to articulate and defend a robust commonsense libertarian theory of moral responsibility; that moral agents are the causes, and owners, of their actions, and in virtue of this it is appropriate to hold them praiseworthy or blameworthy for what they do. Here, I critique and defend two commonsense principles concerning moral responsibility - the control principle, and the principle of alternate possibilities. In recent years these principles have come under attack from philosophers seeking (...)
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  31.  5
    The IEC/N-IEC Distinction and Changing Moral Attitudes.William Simkulet - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 5 (1):44-46.
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  32.  1
    Review of In Praise of Reason, by Michael P. Lynch. [REVIEW]William Simkulet - 2013 - Essays in Philosophy 14 (2):323-327.
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  33.  10
    Moral and Professional Accountability for Clinical Ethics Consultants.William Simkulet - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (6):50-51.
  34.  5
    Jennifer A. McMahon, Art and Ethics in a Material World: Kant's Pragmatist Legacy, London/New York: Routledge, 2013, 250 Pp., $145.00 , ISBN: 9780415504522. [REVIEW]William Simkulet - 2016 - Dialectica 70 (3):475-477.
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  35.  5
    Harry J. Gensler , Ethics and the Golden Rule . Reviewed By.William Simkulet - 2014 - Philosophy in Review 34 (5):225-226.
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  36.  2
    Alternate Possibilities and the Avoidability of Blame.William Simkulet - 2017 - Southwest Philosophy Review 33 (2):213-232.
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  37. Island Universe Problems.William Simkulet - 2015 - Praxis 4 (1).
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  38. Frowe's Machine Cases.Simkulet William - 2015 - Filosofiska Notiser 2 (2): 93-104.
    Helen Frowe (2006/2010) contends that there is a substantial moral difference between killing and letting die, arguing that in Michael Tooley's infamous machine case it is morally wrong to flip a coin to determine who lives or dies. Here I argue that Frowe fails to show that killing and letting die are morally inequivalent. However, I believe that she has succeeded in showing that it is wrong to press the button in Tooley's case, where pressing the button will change who (...)
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  39.  14
    On Moral Enhancement.Simkulet William - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 3 (4):17-18..
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  40. The Compensation Principle.Simkulet William - 2015 - Filosofiska Notiser 2 (1):47-60.
    In "Should Race Matter?," David Boonin proposes the compensation principle: When an agent wrongfully harms another person, she incurs a moral obligation to compensate that person for the harms she has caused. Boonin then argues that the United States government has wrongfully harmed black Americans by adopting pro-slavery laws and other discriminatory laws and practices following the end of slavery, and therefore the United States government has an obligation to pay reparations for slavery and discriminatory laws and practices to those (...)
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  41.  8
    In Control.Simkulet William - 2014 - Philosophical Inquires 2 (1):59-75.
    In George Sher’s recent article “Out of Control”, he discusses a series of 9 cases that he believes illustrates that some agents are uncontroversially morally responsible for actions they “cannot help” but perform (2006: 285). He argues these agents exert partial control over these actions insofar as their actions are determined from their character; but this is no control at all. Here I argue that in each of these cases the agent exerts morally relevant control over her actions and that (...)
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  42. On the Signpost Principle of Alternate Possibilities: Why Contemporary Frankfurt-Style Cases Are Irrelevant to the Free Will Debate.Simkulet William - 2015 - Filosofiska Notiser 2 (3):107-120.
    This article contends that recent attempts to construct Frankfurt-style cases (FSCs) are irrelevant to the debate over free will. The principle of alternate possibilities (PAP) states that moral responsibility requires indeterminism, or multiple possible futures. Frankfurt's original case purported to demonstrate PAP false by showing an agent can be blameworthy despite not having the ability to choose otherwise; however he admits the agent can come to that choice freely or by force, and thus has alternate possibilities. Neo-FSCs attempt to show (...)
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  43.  16
    On Psychopaths and Moral Enhancement.Simkulet William - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (3):156-158.
  44.  14
    On Free Will and Evolution.Simkulet William - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (2):12-13.
  45. William C. Wimsatt.C. William - 1976 - In G. Gordon, Grover Maxwell & I. Savodnik (eds.), Consciousness and the Brain: A Scientific and Philosophical Inquiry. Plenum. pp. 205.
     
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  46.  13
    Hit but Not Down. The Substance View in Light of the Criticism of Lovering and Simkulet.Henrik Friberg-Fernros - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (6):388-394.
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  47.  23
    Within the Limits of the Defensible: A Response to Simkulet’s Argument Against the Pro-Life View on the Basis of Spontaneous Abortion.Henrik Friberg-Fernros - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (11):743-745.
    In a recent article, William Simkulet has argued against the anti-abortion view by invoking the fact that many human fetuses die from spontaneous abortion. He argues that this fact poses a dilemma for proponents of the anti-abortion view: either they must abandon their anti-abortion view or they must engage in preventing spontaneous abortion significantly more than at present—either to the extent that they try to prevent induced abortion or at least significantly more than they do today. In this (...)
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  48.  9
    Defending the Two Tragedies Argument: A Response to Simkulet.Henrik Friberg-Fernros - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (6):417-418.
    According to the two-tragedies argument proponents of pro-life can justifiably prioritize efforts to prevent abortion rather than miscarriages due to the fact that abortions in contrast to miscarriages involves usually the act of killing. William Simkulet has recently argued against this argument claiming that it fails as it is in conflict with the common sense pro-life view on abortion and leads to an overestimation of the moral value of preventing the ‘second tragedy’, namely the act of killing, compared (...)
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  49. William James on Pragmatism and Religion.Guy Axtell - 2018 - In Jacob Goodson (ed.), William James, Moral Philosophy, and the Ethical Life: The Cries of the Wounded. London: Lexington Books. pp. 317-336.
    Critics and defenders of William James both acknowledge serious tensions in his thought, tensions perhaps nowhere more vexing to readers than in regard to his claim about an individual’s intellectual right to their “faith ventures.” Focusing especially on “Pragmatism and Religion,” the final lecture in Pragmatism, this chapter will explore certain problems James’ pragmatic pluralism. Some of these problems are theoretical, but others concern the real-world upshot of adopting James permissive ethics of belief. Although Jamesian permissivism is qualified in (...)
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  50. Ludwig Wittgenstein and William James.Jaime Nubiola - 2000 - Streams of William James 2 (3):2-4.
    The relationship between William James and Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) has recently been the subject of intense scholarly research. We know for instance that the later Wittgenstein's reflections on the philosophy of psychology found in James a major source of inspiration. Not surprisingly therefore, the pragmatist nature of the philosophy of the later Wittgenstein is increasingly acknowledged, in spite of Wittgenstein’s adamant refusal of being labeled a “pragmatist”. In this brief paper I merely want to piece together some of the (...)
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