Results for 'Eric Wiland'

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  1.  34
    A Fallacy in Korsgaard's Argument for Moral Obligation.Wiland Eric - 2000 - Journal of Value Inquiry 34 (1):103-104.
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  2. Reasons.Eric Wiland - 2012 - Continuum.
  3.  94
    Monkeys, Typewriters, and Objective Consequentialism.Eric Wiland - 2005 - Ratio 18 (3):352–360.
  4.  78
    How Indirect Can Indirect Utilitarianism Be?Eric Wiland - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (2):275-301.
    Most act-utilitarians now reject the direct utilitarianism of Bentham. They do so because they are convinced of what I call the paradox of utilitarianism -- the thought that one cannot maximize happiness if one is trying to maximize happiness. Instead, they adopt some form of indirect utilitarianism (IU), arguing that the optimal decision procedure may differ markedly from the criterion of rightness for actions. Here I distinguish between six different versions of indirect utilitarianism, arguing that the weaker versions of IU (...)
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  5.  44
    In the Beginning Was the Doing: The Premises of the Practical Syllogism.Eric Wiland - 2013 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (3):303-321.
    (2013). In the beginning was the doing: the premises of the practical syllogism. Canadian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 43, No. 3, pp. 303-321.
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  6.  48
    The Incoherence Objection in Moral Theory.Eric Wiland - 2010 - Acta Analytica 25 (3):279-284.
    J.J.C. Smart famously complained that rule utilitarianism is incoherent, and that rule utilitarians are guilty of rule worship . Much has been said about whether Smart’s complaint is justified, but I will assume for the sake of argument that Smart was on to something. Instead, I have three other goals. First, I want to show that Smart’s complaint is a specific instance of a more general objection to a moral theory—what I will call the Incoherence Objection. Second, I want to (...)
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  7.  95
    Intentional Action and "in Order To".Eric Wiland - 2007 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 27 (1):113-118.
    I. Thanks largely to Joshua Knobe, philosophers now frequently empirically investigate the folk psychological concept of intentional action. Knobe (2003, 2004a, 2004b) argues that application of this concept is often surprisingly sensitive to one’s moral views. In particular, it seems that people are much more willing to regard a bit of behavior as intentional, if they think that the action in question is bad or wrong. There is much controversy about both the design and the interpretation of the experiments Knobe (...)
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  8.  24
    Trusting Advice and Weakness of Will.Eric Wiland - 2004 - Social Theory and Practice 30 (3):371-389.
  9.  46
    Peer Disagreement and the Dunning-Kruger Effect.Eric Wiland - 2017 - Episteme 14 (4):481-498.
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  10.  54
    Good Advice and Rational Action.Eric Wiland - 2000 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (3):561-569.
    This paper launches a new criticism of Michael Smith’s advice model of internalism. Whereas Robert Neal Johnson argues that Smith’s advice model collapses into the example model of internalism, the author contends that taking advice seriously pushes us instead toward some version of externalism. The advice model of internalism misportrays the logic of accepting advice. Agents do not have epistemic access to what their fully rational selves would advise them to do, and so it is necessary for a model of (...)
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  11.  87
    On the Rationality of Desiring the Forbidden.Eric Wiland - 2002 - Analysis 62 (4):296–299.
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  12.  40
    Psychologism, Practical Reason and the Possibility of Error.Eric Wiland - 2003 - Philosophical Quarterly 53 (210):68–78.
    Psychologism is the view that practical reasons are psychological states. It is widely thought that psychologism is supported by the following principle governing explanation: TF. The difference between false and true beliefs on A's part cannot alter the form of the explanation which will be appropriate to A's actions. (TF) seems to imply that we always need to cite agents' beliefs when explaining their actions, no matter whether those beliefs are true or false. And this seems to vindicate psychologism. I (...)
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  13.  35
    Some Advice for Moral Psychologists.Eric Wiland - 2003 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 84 (3):299–310.
    Recently, philosophers have employed the notion of advice to tackle a variety of philosophical problems. In particular, Michael Smith and Nomy Arpaly have in different ways related the notion of advice to the notion of a reason for action. Here I argue that both accounts are flawed, because each operates with a simplistic picture of the way advice works. I conclude that it would be wise to take more time to analyze what advice is and how it in fact works, (...)
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  14.  46
    Advice and Moral Objectivity.Eric Wiland - 2000 - Philosophical Papers 29 (1):1-19.
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  15.  4
    Peer Disagreement: Special Cases.Eric Wiland - 2018 - Logos and Episteme 9 (2):221-226.
    When you discover that an epistemic peer disagrees with you about some matter, does rationality require you to alter your views? Concessivists answer in the affirmative, but their view faces a problem in special cases. As others have noted, if concessivism itself is what’s under dispute, then concessivism seems to undermine itself. But there are other unexplored special cases too. This article identifies three such special cases, and argues that concessivists in fact face no special problem.
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  16.  2
    Good Advice and Rational Action.Eric Wiland - 2000 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 60 (3):561-569.
    This paper launches a new criticism of Michael Smith's advice model of internalism. Whereas Robert Neal Johnson argues that Smith's advice model collapses into the example model of internalism, the author contends that taking advice seriously pushes us instead toward some version of externalism. The advice model of internalism misportrays the logic of accepting advice. Agents do not have epistemic access to what their fully rational selves would advise them to do, and so it is necessary for a model of (...)
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  17.  2
    Good Advice and Rational Action.Eric Wiland - 2000 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (3):561-569.
    This paper launches a new criticism of Michael Smith’s advice model of internalism. Whereas Robert Neal Johnson argues that Smith’s advice model collapses into the example model of internalism, the author contends that taking advice seriously pushes us instead toward some version of externalism. The advice model of internalism misportrays the logic of accepting advice. Agents do not have epistemic access to what their fully rational selves would advise them to do, and so it is necessary for a model of (...)
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  18.  24
    The Limits of Maximization.Eric Wiland - 2010 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 4 (1):99-116.
    A nagging problem for the consequentialist is the fact that a person who chooses the action-option that seems to her to maximize good consequences all toooften does not produce consequences as good as she would have produced had she thought about her decision in some other fashion. In response, indirect consequentialists typically recommend that one take advantage of whatever benefits the employment of a nonconsequentialist decision procedure may provide. But I argue here that the consequentialist cannot straightforwardly appropriate the decision (...)
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  19.  26
    Joseph Hamburger, John Stuart Mill on Liberty and Control:John Stuart Mill on Liberty and Control.Eric Wiland - 2001 - Ethics 111 (3):637-638.
  20.  3
    Book ReviewJoseph Hamburger,. John Stuart Mill on Liberty and Control. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1999. Pp. 239. $35.00. [REVIEW]Eric Wiland - 2001 - Ethics 111 (3):637-638.
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  21.  12
    598 AUTHOR Jack Weir Patricia H. Werhane.Eric Wiland - 2002 - Journal of Value Inquiry 36:597-598.
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  22.  12
    Book Reviews Shafer‐Landau, Russ , Ed. Oxford Studies in Metaethics . Vol. 3. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. Pp. 327. $39.95 (Paper). [REVIEW]Eric Wiland - 2009 - Ethics 120 (1):202-205.
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  23.  21
    On Indirectly Self-Defeating Moral Theories.Eric Wiland - 2008 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 5 (3):384-393.
    Derek Parfit has notably argued that while a moral theory should not be directly self-defeating, there is nothing necessarily wrong with a moral theory that is only indirectly self-defeating. Here I resist this line of argument. I argue instead that indirectly self-defeating moral theories are indeed problematic. Parfit tries to sidestep the oddities of indirectly self-defeating theories by focusing on the choice of dispositions rather than actions. But the very considerations that can make it impossible to achieve a theory's aims (...)
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  24.  17
    Theories of Practical Reason.Eric Wiland - 2002 - Metaphilosophy 33 (4):450-467.
    Leading theories of practical reason can be grouped into one of four families: psychologism, realism, compatibilism, and Aristotelianism. Although there are many differences among the theories within each family, I ignore these in order to ask which family is most likely to deliver a satisfactory philosophical account of reasons for action. I articulate three requirements we should expect any adequate theory of practical reason to meet: it should account for how reasons explain action, how reasons justify action, and how an (...)
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  25.  14
    Is There Ethical Knowledge?Eric Wiland - 1998 - Southwest Philosophy Review 14 (1):63-68.
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  26.  8
    Metaethics and Ethics.John Brunero & Eric Wiland - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  27.  3
    The Limits of Maximization: Actions, Decision Procedures, and Meta-Decision Procedures.Eric Wiland - 2010 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 4 (1):99-116.
    A nagging problem for the consequentialist is the fact that a person who chooses the action-option that seems to her to maximize good consequences all toooften does not produce consequences as good as she would have produced had she thought about her decision in some other fashion. In response, indirect consequentialists typically recommend that one take advantage of whatever benefits the employment of a nonconsequentialist decision procedure may provide. But I argue here that the consequentialist cannot straightforwardly appropriate the decision (...)
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  28.  12
    Stories, Autobiographies, and Moral Inquiry.Eric G. Wiland - 2003 - Journal of Social Philosophy 34 (2):188–198.
  29.  8
    Russ Shafer‐Landau, Ed., Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Vol.Reviewed by Eric Wiland - 2009 - Ethics 120 (1).
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  30.  1
    Book ReviewsRuss Shafer‐Landau,, Ed. Oxford Studies in Metaethics. Vol. 3.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. Pp. 327. $39.95. [REVIEW]Eric Wiland - 2009 - Ethics 120 (1):202-205.
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  31. Nicholas Smith, Strong Hermeneutics Reviewed By.Eric Wiland - 1999 - Philosophy in Review 19 (1):66-68.
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  32.  3
    Personal Identity and Quasi-Responsibility.Eric Wiland - 2000 - In A. van den Beld (ed.), Moral Responsibility and Ontology. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 77--87.
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  33. Nicholas Smith, Strong Hermeneutics. [REVIEW]Eric Wiland - 1999 - Philosophy in Review 19:66-68.
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  34.  10
    Review: Eric Wiland, Reasons. [REVIEW]Jennifer A. Frey - 2015 - Ethics 126 (1):249-253.
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  35.  6
    Review: Eric Wiland, Reasons. [REVIEW]Review by: Jennifer A. Frey - 2015 - Ethics 126 (1):249-253.
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  36.  69
    The Magic of Constitutivism.Michael Smith - 2015 - American Philosophical Quarterly 52 (2):187-200.
    Constitutivism is the view that we can derive a substantive account of normative reasons for action—perhaps a Kantian account, perhaps a hedonistic account, perhaps a desire-fulfillment account, this is up for grabs—from abstract premises about the nature of action and agency. Constitutivists are thus bound together by their conviction that such a derivation is possible, not by their agreement about which substantive reasons can be derived, and not by agreement about the features of action and agency that permit the derivation. (...)
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  37.  62
    Acting Intentionally and Acting for a Reason.Joshua Knobe - 2007 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 27 (1):119-122.
    In earlier work, I relied on a commonly-held view about the relationship between the concept of acting intentionally and the concept of performing a behavior in order to achieve a goal. Eric Wiland responds that it was actually a mistake to rely on this view and that the relationship between these concepts is far more complex than was previously thought. I now think that Wiland may be right to reject my earlier approach, and I therefore provide additional (...)
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  38.  39
    Analogy in Moral Deliberation: The Role of Imagination and Theory in Ethics.B. Smith - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (4):244-248.
    This paper develops themes addressed in an article by Eric Wiland in the Journal of Medical Ethics 2000;26:466–8, where he aims to contribute to the debate concerning the moral status of abortion, and to emphasise the importance of analogies in moral argument. In the present paper I try to secure more firmly a novel understanding of why analogy is an essential component in the attempt to justify moral beliefs. I seek to show how analogical argument both encapsulates and (...)
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  39. Truth and Acceptance Conditions for Moral Statements Can Be Identical: Further Support for Subjective Consequentialism.Scott Forschler - 2009 - Utilitas 21 (3):337-346.
    Two meanings of "subjective consequentialism" are distinguished: conscious deliberation with the aim of producing maximally-good consequences, versus acting in ways that, given one's evidence set and reasoning capabilities, is subjectively most likely to maximize expected consequences. The latter is opposed to "objective consequentialism," which demands that we act in ways that actually produce the best total consequences. Peter Railton's arguments for a version of objective consequentialism confuse the two subjective forms, and are only effective against the first. After reviewing the (...)
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  40.  13
    Gnosticismo e modernidade no pensamento de Eric Voegelin. [REVIEW]Adelaide de Faria Pimenta - 2018 - Horizonte - Revista de Estudos de Teologia E Ciências da Religião 16 (50):938-940.
    A proposta deste estudo é abordar de forma teórica o pensamento do filósofo e cientista político, germano-americano, Eric Voegelin, buscando compreender a relação que promove entre o gnosticismo e a modernidade, tendo como foco sua afirmação de que o gnosticismo é o fundamento da modernidade. Para esta pesquisa, são utilizados como base teórica fundamental dois conceitos de sua teoria: religiões políticas e gnosticismo. Divide-se o trabalho em uma introdução ao tema e três capítulos, seguidos da conclusão. Na introdução, se (...)
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  41.  37
    A questão do sentido em Kant segundo Eric Weil.Evanildo Costeski - 2009 - Trans/Form/Ação 32 (2):91-99.
    Este artigo quer mostrar que Kant descobriu, segundo Eric Weil, o problema do sentido. Entretanto, Eric Weil observa que Kant não encontrou uma linguagem apropriada para falar do sentido. A linguagem de Kant era ainda uma linguagem ontológica. Malgrado isso, Kant conseguiu fechar, na terceira Crítica, o abismo que separava natureza e liberdade.
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  42.  17
    Eric Gans’s Thinking on Origin, Culture, and the Jewish Question Vis-À-Vis Hermann Cohen’s Heritage.Roman Katsman - 2015 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 23 (2):236-255.
    _ Source: _Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 236 - 255 In this article I compare some elements of Eric Gans’s thought with a few aspects of the philosophy of Hermann Cohen—first and foremost, Gans’s concept of the origin and Cohen’s concept of Ursprung—while revealing the deep affinity between these two lines of thinking.
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  43.  77
    Religiöses Bewusstsein und Politische Ordnung - Eine Kritik von Eric Voegelins Bewusstseinsphilosophie.Eckhart Arnold - 2007 - Grin Verlag.
    Eric Voegelin believed that a morally acceptable and in the long run successful political order (which meant for the emigrant Voegelin primarily an order that is resistant to totalitarianism) can only be built on the foundation of a healthy religiosity of the citizens and the political leaders. The question of what a healthy religiosity is was examined by Voegelin by recurring to intellectual history and to the philosophy of consciousness. In my book I offer a detailed criticism Voegelin's philosophy (...)
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  44. Faith and Political Philosophy: The Correspondence Between Leo Strauss and Eric Voegelin, 1934-1964.Peter Emberley & Barry Cooper (eds.) - 1993 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Leo Strauss and Eric Voegelin were political theorists of the first rank whose impact on the study of political science in North America has been profound. A study of their writings is one of the most expeditious ways to explore the core of political science; comparing and contrasting the positions both theorists have taken in assessing that core provides a comprehensive appreciation of the main options of the Western tradition. In fifty-three recently discovered letters, Strauss and Voegelin explore the (...)
     
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  45. ¿Una Nueva Ciencia de la Política? Réplica a Eric Voegelin, Editado Por Eckhart Arnold.Hans Kelsen - 2006 - Katz Editores.
    Hans Kelsen's thorough critique of Eric Voegelin's "New Science of Politcs" is - in my oppinion - the best commentary on Voegelin that has been written so far.
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  46. A New Science of Politics? Hans Kelsens Reply to Eric Voegelin’s "New Science of Politics".Hans Kelsen - 2004 - Ontos Verlag.
    Hans Kelsen's thorough critique of Eric Voegelin's "New Science of Politcs" is - in my oppinion - the best commentary on Voegelin that has been written so far.
     
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  47. The Balance of Consciousness: Eric Voegelin's Political Theory.Kenneth Keulman - 1990 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Consciousness is at once the most obvious and mysterious feature of the human mind. Kenneth Keulman seeks a better understanding of its many dimensions through interpretations of the ideas of the twentieth-century philosopher Eric Voegelin, who viewed the complexity of modern consciousness as the result of a distinctive form of evolution combining genetic change with cultural history. Voegelin's unique contribution to political theory, Keulman shows, comes from his development of an approach to history rooted in a study of the (...)
     
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  48. Eric Weil L'avenir de la Philosophie. Violence Et Langage. Huit Études Sur Eric Weil.Eric Weil & Jean Quillien - 1987
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  49. तत्त्वज्ञानातील जागल्या... Eric Schwitzgebel : The Whistle Blower in Philosophy.Shriniwas Hemade - 2015 - Daily Loksatta:page 6.
    फेसबुक आणि ब्लॉगच्या जमान्यात तत्त्वज्ञानाची चर्चा केवळ पुस्तकांपुरती किंवा विद्यापीठीय चर्चासत्रांपुरती मर्यादित राहू नये, असे मानणारा एक चळवळय़ा प्राध्यापक, पुस्तकांच्या मानीव वर्चस्वामुळे तत्त्वज्ञान क्षेत्राचे काय नुकसान झाले, याबद्दलही बोलतो आहे आणि ही चर्चा पुस्तकांच्या बाहेरही झाली पाहिजे.. ती लोकाभिमुख झाली पाहिजे, असे सांगतो आहे..
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  50.  27
    O Pensamento Político de Éric Weil.Mauro Cardoso Simões - 2010 - Enfoques 22 (2):79-84.
    My purpose is to analyze the peculiar thinking of Weil, according to the categories of reasoning, as a choice to avoid violence. In his definition of man, Weil recovers the notion of realization, with which man is redefined in terms of what he must be and not merely for what he is. There-to, man is ..
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