Results for 'Michael R. Dietrich'

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  1.  57
    (Mis)Interpreting Mathematical Models: Drift as a Physical Process.Michael R. Dietrich, Robert A. Skipper Jr & Roberta L. Millstein - 2009 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 1 (20130604):e002.
    Recently, a number of philosophers of biology have endorsed views about random drift that, we will argue, rest on an implicit assumption that the meaning of concepts such as drift can be understood through an examination of the mathematical models in which drift appears. They also seem to implicitly assume that ontological questions about the causality of terms appearing in the models can be gleaned from the models alone. We will question these general assumptions by showing how the same equation (...)
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  2.  32
    Paradox and Persuasion: Negotiating the Place of Molecular Evolution Within Evolutionary Biology. [REVIEW]Michael R. Dietrich - 1998 - Journal of the History of Biology 31 (1):85 - 111.
  3.  94
    The Origins of the Neutral Theory of Molecular Evolution.Michael R. Dietrich - 1994 - Journal of the History of Biology 27 (1):21-59.
  4.  37
    Manipulating Underdetermination in Scientific Controversy: The Case of the Molecular Clock.Michael R. Dietrich & Robert A. Skipper - 2007 - Perspectives on Science 15 (3):295-326.
    : Where there are cases of underdetermination in scientific controversies, such as the case of the molecular clock, scientists may direct the course and terms of dispute by playing off the multidimensional framework of theory evaluation. This is because assessment strategies themselves are underdetermined. Within the framework of assessment, there are a variety of trade-offs between different strategies as well as shifting emphases as specific strategies are given more or less weight in assessment situations. When a strategy is underdetermined, scientists (...)
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  5.  5
    The Diversification of Developmental Biology.Nathan Crowe, Michael R. Dietrich, Beverly S. Alomepe, Amelia F. Antrim, Bay Lauris ByrneSim & Yi He - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 53:1-15.
  6. The Role of Causal Processes in the Neutral and Nearly Neutral Theories.Michael R. Dietrich & Roberta L. Millstein - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (5):548-559.
    The neutral and nearly neutral theories of molecular evolution are sometimes characterized as theories about drift alone, where drift is described solely as an outcome, rather than a process. We argue, however, that both selection and drift, as causal processes, are integral parts of both theories. However, the nearly neutral theory explicitly recognizes alleles and/or molecular substitutions that, while engaging in weakly selected causal processes, exhibit outcomes thought to be characteristic of random drift. A narrow focus on outcomes obscures the (...)
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  7.  29
    Three Perspectives on Neutrality and Drift in Molecular Evolution.Michael R. Dietrich - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (5):666-677.
    This article offers three contrasting cases of the use of neutrality and drift in molecular evolution. In the first, neutrality is assumed as a simplest case for modeling. In the second and third, concepts of drift and neutrality are developed within the context of population genetics testing and the development and application of the molecular clock.
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  8.  72
    Richard Goldschmidt's "Heresies" and the Evolutionary Synthesis.Michael R. Dietrich - 1995 - Journal of the History of Biology 28 (3):431-461.
  9.  17
    ‘Extreme’ Organisms and the Problem of Generalization: Interpreting the Krogh Principle.Sara Green, Michael R. Dietrich, Sabina Leonelli & Rachel A. Ankeny - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (4):65.
    Many biologists appeal to the so-called Krogh principle when justifying their choice of experimental organisms. The principle states that “for a large number of problems there will be some animal of choice, or a few such animals, on which it can be most conveniently studied”. Despite its popularity, the principle is often critiqued for implying unwarranted generalizations from optimal models. We argue that the Krogh principle should be interpreted in relation to the historical and scientific contexts in which it has (...)
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  10.  27
    MicroRNAs and Metazoan Macroevolution: Insights Into Canalization, Complexity, and the Cambrian Explosion.Kevin J. Peterson, Michael R. Dietrich & Mark A. McPeek - 2009 - Bioessays 31 (7):736-747.
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  11.  34
    Beyond the Boss and the Boys: Women and the Division of Labor in Drosophila Genetics in the United States, 1934–1970.Michael R. Dietrich & Brandi H. Tambasco - 2007 - Journal of the History of Biology 40 (3):509-528.
    The vast network of Drosophila geneticists spawned by Thomas Hunt Morgan's fly room in the early 20th century has justifiably received a significant amount of scholarly attention. However, most accounts of the history of Drosophila genetics focus heavily on the "boss and the boys," rather than the many other laboratory groups which also included large numbers of women. Using demographic information extracted from the Drosophila Information Service directories from 1934 to 1970, we offer a profile of the gendered division of (...)
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  12.  39
    Monte Carlo Experiments and the Defense of Diffusion Models in Molecular Population Genetics.Michael R. Dietrich - 1996 - Biology and Philosophy 11 (3):339-356.
    In the 1960s molecular population geneticists used Monte Carlo experiments to evaluate particular diffusion equation models. In this paper I examine the nature of this comparative evaluation and argue for three claims: first, Monte Carlo experiments are genuine experiments: second, Monte Carlo experiments can provide an important meansfor evaluating the adequacy of highly idealized theoretical models; and, third, the evaluation of the computational adequacy of a diffusion model with Monte Carlo experiments is significantlydifferent from the evaluation of the emperical adequacy (...)
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  13.  14
    Of Moths and Men: Theo Lang and the Persistence of Richard Goldschmidt's Theory of Homosexuality, 1916-1960.Michael R. Dietrich - 2000 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 22 (2):219 - 247.
    Using an analogy between moths and men, in 1916, Richard Goldschmidt proposed that homosexuality was a case of genetic intersexuality. As he strove to create a unified theory of sex determination that would encompass animals ranging from moths to men, Goldschmidt's doubts grew concerning the association of homosexuality with intersexuality until, in 1931, he dropped homosexuality from his theory of intersexuality. Despite Goldschmidt's explicit rejection of his theory of homosexuality, Theo Lang, a researcher in the Genealogical-Demographic Department of the Institute (...)
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  14.  23
    Reinventing Richard Goldschmidt: Reputation, Memory, and Biography. [REVIEW]Michael R. Dietrich - 2011 - Journal of the History of Biology 44 (4):693 - 712.
    Richard Goldschmidt was one of the most controversial biologists of the mid-twentieth century. Rather than fade from view, Goldschmidt's work and reputation has persisted in the biological community long after he has. Goldschmidt's longevity is due in large part to how he was represented by Stephen J. Gould. When viewed from the perspective of the biographer, Gould's revival of Goldschmidt as an evolutionary heretic in the 1970s and 1980s represents a selective reinvention of Goldschmidt that provides a contrast to other (...)
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  15.  18
    On the Mutability of Genes and Geneticists: The" Americanization" of Richard Goldschmidt and Victor Jollos.Michael R. Dietrich - 1996 - Perspectives on Science 4:321-345.
  16.  31
    Philosophy of Biology.Michael R. Dietrich - 1994 - Teaching Philosophy 17 (4):375-377.
  17. Microevolution and Macroevolution Are Governed by the Same Processes.Michael R. Dietrich - 2010 - In Francisco José Ayala & Robert Arp (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology. Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  18.  20
    Representing the Object of Controversy: The Case of the Molecular Clock.Michael R. Dietrich - 2007 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 29 (2):161 - 176.
    Through a case study of the controversies surrounding the molecular clock, this paper examines the role of visual representation in the dynamics of scientific controversies. Representations of the molecular clock themselves became objects of controversy and so were not a means for closure. Instead visual representations of the molecular clock became tools for the further articulation of an ongoing controversy.
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  19.  21
    Two Men Who Invented Genetics.Michael R. Dietrich - 2005 - Minerva 43 (4):429-433.
  20.  11
    Gregor Mendel: The First Geneticist. Vitezslav Orel, Stephen Finn.Michael R. Dietrich - 1998 - Isis 89 (1):143-144.
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  21.  14
    Darwinian Evolution Across the Disciplines.Michael R. Dietrich, C. Robertson McClung & Mark A. McPeek - 2001 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (3/4):339 - 340.
  22.  12
    Book Review: Elof Axel Carlson, Mendel's Legacy: The Origin of Classical Genetics. [REVIEW]Michael R. Dietrich - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (3):590-591.
  23.  9
    A Shifting Terrain: A Brief History of the Adaptive Landscape.Michael R. Dietrich & Robert A. Skipper Jr - 2012 - In E. Svensson & R. Calsbeek (eds.), The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology. Oxford University Press.
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  24.  1
    Parsing Postgenomics.Michael R. Dietrich - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 59:158-160.
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  25.  4
    Leah Ceccarelli. Shaping Science with Rhetoric: The Cases of Dobzhansky, Schrödinger, and Wilson. Xi + 204 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001. $20. [REVIEW]Michael R. Dietrich - 2004 - Isis 95 (3):470-471.
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  26.  4
    Editorial Introduction.Michael R. Dietrich - 2012 - Journal of the History of Biology 45 (1):1-1.
  27.  1
    Jody Hey, Genes, Categories, and Species: The Evolutionary and Cognitive Causes of the Species Problem. Oxford: Oxford University Press , Xvii+217pp., $54.50. [REVIEW]Michael R. Dietrich - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (4):619-620.
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  28.  4
    Review of Hey. [REVIEW]Michael R. Dietrich - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (4):619-620.
  29.  1
    Experimenting with Sex: Four Approaches to the Genetics of Sex Reversal Before 1950.Michael R. Dietrich - 2016 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 38 (1):23-41.
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  30.  1
    Experimenting with Sex: Four Approaches to the Genetics of Sex Reversal Before 1950.Michael R. Dietrich - 2016 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 38 (1):23-41.
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  31.  3
    Book Review: Elof Axel Carlson,(Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2004), Xix+ 332 Pp, Illus., $45.00. [REVIEW]Michael R. Dietrich - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (3):590-591.
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  32. Rebels, Mavericks, and Heretics in Biology.Oren Harman & Michael R. Dietrich - 2009 - Journal of the History of Biology 42 (1):192-194.
     
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  33. Book Reviews-an American Obsession: Science, Medicine, and Homosexuality in Modern Society.Jennifer Terry & Michael R. Dietrich - 2000 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 22 (3):446-448.
  34. D. Meutch & R. Viehoff (Eds.), Comprehension of Literary Discourse, Ber.J. Pankhurst, M. Sharwood Smith, P. Van Buren, V. C. H. Acta Humanitaria, L. Nadel, R. Dietrich, C. Graumann, P. L. Ackerman, R. J. Sternberg & R. Glaser - 1990 - Cognition 35:97400.
     
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  35.  5
    Outsider Scientists: Routes to Innovation in Biology - Edited by Oran Harman and Michael R. Dietrich.Laurent Loison - 2014 - Centaurus 56 (3):192-194.
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  36.  14
    Oren Harman and Michael R. Dietrich , Outsider Scientists: Routes to Innovation in Biology. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2013. Pp. Ix + 374. ISBN 978-0-226-07840-3. £24.50. [REVIEW]Dominic Berry - 2015 - British Journal for the History of Science 48 (2):378-380.
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  37.  11
    Oren Harman;, Michael R. Dietrich . Rebels, Mavericks, and Heretics in Biology. Epilogue by, R. C. Lewontin. 400 Pp., Figs., Index. New Haven, Conn./London: Yale University Press, 2008. $40. [REVIEW]Sharon Kingsland - 2009 - Isis 100 (3):634-635.
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  38.  6
    Oren Harman;, Michael R. Dietrich . Outsider Scientists: Routes to Innovation in Biology. Xi + 374 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2013. $35. [REVIEW]Pnina G. Abir-Am - 2015 - Isis 106 (2):492-494.
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  39.  4
    Nancy Anderson and Michael R. Dietrich The Educated Eye: Visual Culture and Pedagogy in the Life Sciences. Hanover: Dartmouth College Press, 2012. Pp. Viii+318. ISBN 978-1-61168-044-7. $39.95. [REVIEW]David Rudge - 2013 - British Journal for the History of Science 46 (4):734-735.
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  40.  7
    Benevolent Empire: U.S. Power, Humanitarianism, and the World’s Dispossessed by Stephen R. Porter.John W. Dietrich - 2019 - Human Rights Review 20 (2):259-261.
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  41.  30
    All Information Processing Entails Computation, or, If R. A. Fisher Had Been a Cognitive Scientist . .Eric Dietrich & Arthur B. Markman - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):637-638.
    We argue that the dynamical and computational hypotheses are compatible and in fact need each other: they are about different aspects of cognition. However, only computationalism is about the information-processing aspect. We then argue that any form of information processing relying on matching and comparing, as cognition does, must use discrete representations and computations defined over them.
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  42.  29
    Sacred Space - S. E. Alcock, R. Osborne : Placing the Gods. Sanctuaries and Sacred Space in Ancient Greece. Pp. Xi+271, 11 Figs. Oxford: Academic Press, 1994. Cased. [REVIEW]B. C. Dietrich - 1995 - The Classical Review 45 (02):296-299.
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  43. The Ambivalence of the Sacred: Religion, Violence, and Reconciliation. By R. Scott Appleby.D. J. Dietrich - 2002 - The European Legacy 7 (3):401-401.
     
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  44. Swampman's Revenge: Squabbles Among the Representationalists.Frederick R. Adams & Laura A. Dietrich - 2004 - Philosophical Psychology 17 (3):323-40.
    There are both externalist and internalist theories of the phenomenal content of conscious experiences. Externalists like Dretske and Tye treat the phenomenal content of conscious states as representations of external properties. Internalists think that phenomenal conscious states are reducible to electrochemical states of the brain in the style of the type-type identity theory. In this paper, we side with the representationalists and visit a dispute between them over the test case of Swampman. Does Swampman have conscious phenomenal states or not? (...)
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  45.  17
    Women of the Śūnyasaṃpādane: Housewives and Saints in VīraśaivismWomen of the Sunyasampadane: Housewives and Saints in Virasaivism.R. Blake Michael - 1983 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 103 (2):361.
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  46.  27
    Book Reviews and Notices. [REVIEW]Ronald Neufeldt, Michael H. Fisher, Alan Lowenschuss, R. Blake Michael, Jennifer B. Saunders, Will Sweetman, Jason D. Fuller, Christopher Key Chapple, M. Whitney Kelting, Heidi Pauwels, D. Dennis Hudson, Kate Romanoff, Thomas Forsthoefel, Sonya L. Jones, Frank J. Korom & Kathleen D. Morrison - 1999 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 3 (1):83-107.
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  47.  10
    Innovative Therapies, Suspended Trials, and the Economics of Clinical Research: Facilitated Communication and Biomedical Cases.James R. Wible & Susan Dietrich - 2002 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 32 (3):275-309.
    University of North Carolina at Greensboro Most approaches to the philosophy of the natural and social sciences are basedon completed scientific investigations. However, there are many importantcases in science in which testing is incomplete. These cases are termed suspendedtrials and are particularly significant in biomedical and allied health fields. Initially,the authors' interest in suspended trials was piqued by a controversialmethod for assisting autistic children known as facilitated communication. Thisarticle examines facilitated communication and other examples of suspendedtrials from the perspective of (...)
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  48. A Theory of Ecological Gradients: A Framework for Aligning Data and Models.A. Fox Gordon, M. Scheiner Samuel & R. Willig Michael - 2011 - In Samuel M. Scheiner & Michael R. Willig (eds.), The Theory of Ecology. University of Chicago Press.
  49. Relationship Between Type Machiavellinism and Type A Personality and Ethical Orientation.R. J. Michael & R. L. Gayle - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15:209-219.
     
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  50.  18
    Book Review: Jeffrey Hanson and Michael R. Kelly, Eds. Michel Henry: The Affects of Thought. [REVIEW]Karl Hefty - 2012 - Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 20 (2):203-207.
    A review of Jeffrey Hanson and Michael R. Kelly, eds., Michel Henry: The Affects of Thought (London: Continuum, 2012), 177 pp.
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