Results for 'Steven R. Kraaijeveld'

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  1. Vaccinating for Whom? Distinguishing Between Self-Protective, Paternalistic, Altruistic and Indirect Vaccination.Steven R. Kraaijeveld - 2020 - Public Health Ethics 13 (2):190-200.
    Preventive vaccination can protect not just vaccinated individuals, but also others, which is often a central point in discussions about vaccination. To date, there has been no systematic study of self- and other-directed motives behind vaccination. This article has two major goals: first, to examine and distinguish between self- and other-directed motives behind vaccination, especially with regard to vaccinating for the sake of third parties, and second, to explore some ways in which this approach can help to clarify and guide (...)
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  2. Metamorality without Moral Truth.Steven R. Kraaijeveld & Hanno Sauer - 2018 - Neuroethics 12 (2):119-131.
    Recently, Joshua Greene has argued that we need a metamorality to solve moral problems for which evolution has not prepared us. The metamorality that he proposes is a utilitarian account that he calls deep pragmatism. Deep pragmatism is supposed to arbitrate when the values espoused by different groups clash. To date, no systematic appraisal of this argument for a metamorality exists. We reconstruct Greene’s case for deep pragmatism as a metamorality and consider three lines of objection to it. We argue (...)
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  3.  72
    Continuous Glucose Monitoring as a Matter of Justice.Steven R. Kraaijeveld - forthcoming - HEC Forum:1-26.
    Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a chronic illness that requires intensive lifelong management of blood glucose concentrations by means of external insulin administration. There have been substantial developments in the ways of measuring glucose levels, which is crucial to T1D self-management. Recently, continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) has allowed people with T1D to keep track of their blood glucose levels in near real-time. These devices have alarms that warn users about potentially dangerous blood glucose trends, which can often be shared with (...)
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  4.  58
    COVID-19: Against a Lockdown Approach.Steven R. Kraaijeveld - forthcoming - Asian Bioethics Review.
    Governments around the world have faced the challenge of how to respond to the recent outbreak of a novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Some have reacted by greatly restricting the freedom of citizens, while others have opted for less drastic policies. In this paper, I draw a parallel with vaccination ethics to conceptualize two distinct approaches to COVID-19 that I call altruistic and lockdown. Given that the individual measures necessary to limit the spread of the virus can in principle be achieved (...)
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  5.  48
    From Cognitive Science to Cognitive Neuroscience to Neuroeconomics: Steven R. Quartz.Steven R. Quartz - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):459-471.
    As an emerging discipline, neuroeconomics faces considerable methodological and practical challenges. In this paper, I suggest that these challenges can be understood by exploring the similarities and dissimilarities between the emergence of neuroeconomics and the emergence of cognitive and computational neuroscience two decades ago. From these parallels, I suggest the major challenge facing theory formation in the neural and behavioural sciences is that of being under-constrained by data, making a detailed understanding of physical implementation necessary for theory construction in neuroeconomics. (...)
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  6. The Neural Basis of Cognitive Development: A Constructivist Manifesto.Steven R. Quartz & Terrence J. Sejnowski - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):537-556.
    How do minds emerge from developing brains? According to the representational features of cortex are built from the dynamic interaction between neural growth mechanisms and environmentally derived neural activity. Contrary to popular selectionist models that emphasize regressive mechanisms, the neurobiological evidence suggests that this growth is a progressive increase in the representational properties of cortex. The interaction between the environment and neural growth results in a flexible type of learning: minimizes the need for prespecification in accordance with recent neurobiological evidence (...)
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  7.  33
    A Formalization of Set Theory Without Variables.Alfred Tarski & Steven R. Givant - 1987
  8.  38
    Neural Networks, Nativism, and the Plausibility of Constructivism.Steven R. Quartz - 1993 - Cognition 48 (3):223-242.
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  9.  17
    Survey Article: Global Investment Rules as a Site for Moral Inquiry.Steven R. Ratner - 2019 - Journal of Political Philosophy 27 (1):107-135.
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  10. Reason, Emotion and Decision-Making: Risk and Reward Computation with Feeling.Steven R. Quartz - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (5):209-215.
  11.  77
    The Constructivist Brain.Steven R. Quartz - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (2):48-57.
  12.  41
    University Students’ Perceptions of Academic Cheating: Triangulating Quantitative and Qualitative Findings.Tianlan Wei, Steven R. Chesnut, Lucy Barnard-Brak & Marcelo Schmidt - 2014 - Journal of Academic Ethics 12 (4):287-298.
    Using a parallel mixed-methods design, the current study examined university students’ perceptions of academic cheating through collecting and analyzing both the quantitative and qualitative data. Our quantitative findings corroborate previous research that male students have engaged more in academic cheating than females based on students’ self-reports, and that undergraduate students are less willing to discuss issues on academic cheating as compared with their graduate counterparts. Five themes emerged from the thematic analysis of the qualitative data: flexible definitions for cheating, environmental (...)
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  13.  30
    The 'Demented Other' or Simply 'a Person'? Extending the Philosophical Discourse of Naue and Kroll Through the Situated Self.Steven R. Sabat, Ann Johnson, Caroline Swarbrick & John Keady - 2011 - Nursing Philosophy 12 (4):282-292.
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  14.  51
    Innateness and the Brain.Steven R. Quartz - 2003 - Biology and Philosophy 18 (1):13-40.
    The philosophical innateness debate has long relied onpsychological evidence. For a century, however, a parallel debate hastaken place within neuroscience. In this paper, I consider theimplications of this neuroscience debate for the philosophicalinnateness debate. By combining the tools of theoretical neurobiologyand learning theory, I introduce the ``problem of development'' that alladaptive systems must solve, and suggest how responses to this problemcan demarcate a number of innateness proposals. From this perspective, Isuggest that the majority of natural systems are in fact innate. (...)
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  15.  37
    Cardiovascular and Nervous System Changes During Meditation.Steven R. Steinhubl, Nathan E. Wineinger, Sheila Patel, Debra L. Boeldt, Geoffrey Mackellar, Valencia Porter, Jacob T. Redmond, Evan D. Muse, Laura Nicholson, Deepak Chopra & Eric J. Topol - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  16.  27
    Beyond Modularity: Neural Evidence for Constructivist Principles in Development.Steven R. Quartz & Terrence J. Sejnowski - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):725-726.
  17.  16
    Distorted Ideals.Steven R. Smith - 2001 - Social Theory and Practice 27 (4):579-598.
  18.  29
    On the Role of Deep Subjects in Semantic Interpretation.Steven R. Anderson - 1971 - Foundations of Language 7 (3):361-377.
  19.  50
    The Social Construction of Talent: A Defence of Justice as Reciprocity.Steven R. Smith - 2001 - Journal of Political Philosophy 9 (1):19–37.
    Debates concerning principles of justice need to be attentive to various types of social process. One concerns the distribution of resources between groups defined as talented and untalented. Another concerns the social mechanisms by which people come to be categorised as talented and untalented. Political philosophers have paid considerable attention to the former issues, much less to the latter. That, I shall argue, represents a significant oversight.
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  20.  23
    The Alzheimer's Disease Sufferer as a Semiotic Subject.Steven R. Sabat & Rom Harré - 1994 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (3):145-160.
  21.  74
    Neuroscience, Ethics and Legal Responsibility: The Problem of the Insanity Defense: Commentary on “The Ethics of Neuroscience and the Neuroscience of Ethics: A Phenomenological–Existential Approach”.Steven R. Smith - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (3):475-481.
    The insanity defense presents many difficult questions for the legal system. It attracts attention beyond its practical significance (it is seldom used successfully) because it goes to the heart of the concept of legal responsibility. “Not guilty by reason of insanity” generally requires that as a result of mental illness the defendant was unable to distinguish right from wrong at the time of the crime. The many difficult and complex questions presented by the insanity defense have led some in the (...)
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  22.  37
    Citizenship and Disability: Incommensurable Lives and Well-Being.Steven R. Smith - 2013 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 16 (3):403-420.
  23.  29
    A Critical Analysis of Misappropriation Theory in Insider Trading Cases.Steven R. Salbu - 1992 - Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (4):465-477.
    Under the present judicial interpretation of federal securities law, an individual is prohibited from trading on non-public information that has been misappropriated in contravention of a fiduciary duty. Trades made using non-pubIic information that has not been misappropriated are not prohibited by Rule 10b-5, promulgated under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934. The current requirement of misappropriation to trigger Rule 10b-5 liability creates a gap that permits transactions that are both ethically and economically undesirable. Judicial or legislative reforms are (...)
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  24.  5
    Ties That Bind: ISCT As a Procedural Approach to Business Ethics.Steven R. Salbu - 2000 - Business and Society Review 105 (4):444-451.
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  25.  30
    Lost in Translation: Incomer Organic Farmers, Local Knowledge, and the Revitalization of Upland Japanese Hamlets. [REVIEW]Steven R. McGreevy - 2012 - Agriculture and Human Values 29 (3):393-412.
    Upland Japan suffers from extreme depopulation, aging, and loss of agricultural, economic, and social viability. In addition, the absence of a successor generation in many marginalized hamlets endangers the continuation of local knowledge associated with upland agricultural livelihoods and severely limits the prospects of rural revitalization and development. Resettlement by incomer organic farmers represents an opportunity to both pass on valuable local knowledge and rejuvenate local society. Survey and interview data are used to explore the knowledge dynamics at play in (...)
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  26.  29
    Subjectivity, the Brain, Life Narratives and the Ethical Treatment of Persons With Alzheimer's Disease.Steven R. Sabat - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (9):23-25.
  27.  58
    Predator and Prey: Seizing and Killing Suspected Terrorists Abroad.Steven R. Ratner - 2007 - Journal of Political Philosophy 15 (3):251–275.
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  28.  73
    Israel's Policy of Targeted Killing.Steven R. David - 2003 - Ethics and International Affairs 17 (1):111-126.
    The policy is consistent with international law because Israel is engaged in armed conflict with terrorists, those targeted are usually killed by conventional military means, and the targets of the attacks are not civilians but combatants.
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  29.  13
    A Slim Book About Narrow Content. Gabriel M. A. Segal. [REVIEW]Steven E. BoË & R. - 2001 - Mind 110 (440):1115-1119.
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  30.  15
    Complicity and Compromise in the Law of Nations.Steven R. Ratner - 2016 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 10 (3):559-573.
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  31.  37
    Voices of Alzheimer's Disease Sufferers: A Call for Treatment Based on Personhood.Steven R. Sabat - 1998 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 9 (1):35.
  32.  5
    Deficits in the Mimicry of Facial Expressions in Parkinson's Disease.Steven R. Livingstone, Esztella Vezer, Lucy M. McGarry, Anthony E. Lang & Frank A. Russo - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  33.  21
    Understanding Well-Being in Policy and Practice.Steven R. Smith & Gillian Brock - 2014 - Ethics and Social Welfare 8 (3):215-217.
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  34.  29
    Is International Law Impartial?Steven R. Ratner - 2005 - Legal Theory 11 (1):39-74.
  35.  29
    Liberal Ethics and Well-Being Promotion in the Disability Rights Movement, Disability Policy, and Welfare Practice.Steven R. Smith - 2013 - Ethics and Social Welfare 7 (1):20-35.
    The disability rights movement has often been closely associated with the liberal values of individual choice and independence, or the?ethics of agency?, where enhancing the capacity to make autonomous decisions in various policy and practice-based contexts is said to facilitate disabled people's well-being. Nevertheless, other liberal values are derived from what will be termed here the?ethics of self-acceptance?. The latter is more disguised in liberalism and the DRM, as rather than emphasising the capacity to make autonomous decisions, self-acceptance focuses on (...)
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  36.  42
    Introduction to Gramsci's “Notes on Language”.Steven R. Mansfield - 1984 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 1984 (59):119-126.
    One reason that Gramsci's writings are becoming ever more studied in the English-speaking world is their non-reductive approach. Today, the fact that a general theory of language informs Gramsci's Prison Notebooks is increasingly being recognized. While some parts of the writings on language have been translated into English, so far only the Italian editions have allowed an evaluation of the significance and role of linguistic issues in Gramsci. The following will seek to reconstruct the connections between die theory of language (...)
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  37.  73
    Misleading Defeaters.Steven R. Levy - 1978 - Journal of Philosophy 75 (12):739-742.
  38.  56
    Defeasibility Theories of Knowledge.Steven R. Levy - 1977 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 7 (1):115 - 123.
    There have been many attempts of late to formulate a satisfactory theory of knowledge with which to replace the traditional justified true belief analysis. Almost all agree that it must be the case that in order for S to know that p; i.) p be true, and ii.) S believe that p. Although many argue that there must be a condition stating that S has adequate evidence for p, requirements other than i.) and ii.) are controversial. The most popular approach (...)
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  39. Mind, Meaning and Personhood in Dementia: The Effects of Positioning.Steven R. Sabat - 2005 - In Julian Hughes, Stephen Louw & Steven R. Sabat (eds.), Dementia: Mind, Meaning, and the Person. Oxford University Press.
     
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  40. Kripke's Cartesian Argument.Steven R. Bayne - 1988 - Philosophia 18 (2-3):265-270.
  41.  12
    Agency and Surprise: Learning at the Limits of Empathic‐Imagination and Liberal Egalitarian Political Philosophy.Steven R. Smith - 2008 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 11 (1):25-40.
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  42.  15
    Integrity, Abortion, and the Pro‐Life Perinatologist.John M. Thorp, Steven R. Wells, Watson A. Bowes & Robert C. Cefalo - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (1):27-28.
  43.  44
    Sustainable and Responsible Design From a Christian Worldview.Steven R. Eisenbarth & Kenneth W. Van Treuren - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (2):423-429.
    Many aspects of design require engineers to make choices based on non-quantifiable personal perspectives. These decisions touch issues in aesthetics, ethics, social impact, and responsibility and sustainability. Part of Baylor University’s mission is to provide a learning community in which Christian life values and worldviews might be integrated into academic disciplines. In view of this institutional commitment, members of the Engineering faculty are investigating how Christian worldviews might interact with elements of engineering design in such a way as to produce (...)
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  44.  31
    Insider Trading and the Social Contract.Steven R. Salbu - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (2):313-328.
    The law of insider trading has progressed from an expansive approach, according to which all trading on nonpublic information was considered illegal, to a constricted approach, under which corporate outsiders are permitted to trade on nonpublic information provided such trading does not breach a fiduciary duty. This article analyzes both the former, expansive theory and the currently utilized constricted theory, within a framework of basic tenets of the American capitalist social contract regarding legitimacy of property claims. The existing constricted approach (...)
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  45.  33
    Corporate Social Responsiveness: Choosing Between Hierarchical and Contractual Control. [REVIEW]Steven R. Salbu - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (1):27 - 35.
    Metaphors from strategic management can be applied effectively to business ethics programs. While effective strategies help implement ethical decisions that are formulated in good faith, ostensibly value-neutral control mechanisms can indirectly affect the substantive nature of policies and decisions themselves. This article examines the effectiveness of various corporate social responsibility implementation strategies. It also addresses the effects of implementation choices on the substantive formulation of ethical decisions and policies.Implementation and evaluation of corporate social responsibility programs through models of responsiveness are (...)
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  46.  86
    Animals in Biomedical Research: The Undermining Effect of the Rhetoric of the Besieged.John P. Gluck & Steven R. Kubacki - 1991 - Ethics and Behavior 1 (3):157 – 173.
    It is correctly asserted that the intensity of the current debate over the use of animals in biomedical research is unprecedented. The extent of expressed animosity and distrust has stunned many researchers. In response, researchers have tended to take a strategic defensive posture, which involves the assertion of several abstract positions that serve to obstruct resolution of the debate. Those abstractions include the notions that the animal protection movement is trivial and purely anti-intellectual in scope, that all science is good (...)
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  47.  6
    How Live Music Moves Us: Head Movement Differences in Audiences to Live Versus Recorded Music.Dana Swarbrick, Dan Bosnyak, Steven R. Livingstone, Jotthi Bansal, Susan Marsh-Rollo, Matthew H. Woolhouse & Laurel J. Trainor - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  48.  21
    If Not Combatants, Certainly Not Civilians.Steven R. David - 2003 - Ethics and International Affairs 17 (1):138-140.
    So long as the Palestinian Authority is incapable or unwilling to halt terrorist attacks, most interpretations of international law, Israeli law, and just war tradition support Israel’s efforts to stop these murderous attacks before they can be carried out.
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  49.  27
    Reasons, Instantiators, and Causes.Steven R. Levy - 1978 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 16 (3):227-234.
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  50.  6
    Reasons, Instantiators, and Causes.Steven R. Levy - 1978 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 16 (3):227-234.
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