Results for 'dan ryder'

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  1. The New Associationism: A Neural Explanation of the Predictive Powers of the Cerebral Cortex. [REVIEW]Dan Ryder & Oleg Favorov - 2001 - Brain and Mind 2 (2):161-194.
    The ability to predict is the most importantability of the brain. Somehow, the cortex isable to extract regularities from theenvironment and use those regularities as abasis for prediction. This is a most remarkableskill, considering that behaviourallysignificant environmental regularities are noteasy to discern: they operate not only betweenpairs of simple environmental conditions, astraditional associationism has assumed, butamong complex functions of conditions that areorders of complexity removed from raw sensoryinputs. We propose that the brain's basicmechanism for discovering such complexregularities is implemented in (...)
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  2. SINBaD Neurosemantics: A Theory of Mental Representation.Dan Ryder - 2004 - Mind and Language 19 (2):211-240.
  3. Problems of Representation I: Nature and Role.Dan Ryder - 2009 - In John Symons Paco Calvo (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology. Routledge. pp. 233.
    Introduction There are some exceptions, which we shall see below, but virtually all theories in psychology and cognitive science make use of the notion of representation. Arguably, folk psychology also traffics in representations, or is at least strongly suggestive of their existence. There are many different types of things discussed in the psychological and philosophical literature that are candidates for representation-hood. First, there are the propositional attitudes – beliefs, judgments, desires, hopes etc. (see Chapters 9 and 17 of this volume). (...)
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  4. Problems of Representation II: Naturalizing Content.Dan Ryder - 2009 - In Francisco Garzon & John Symons (eds.), Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Psychology. Routledge.
    John is currently thinking that the sun is bright. Consider his occurrent belief or judgement that the sun is bright. Its content is that the sun is bright. This is a truth- evaluable content (which shall be our main concern) because it is capable of being true or false. In virtue of what natural, scientifically accessible facts does John’s judgement have this content? To give the correct answer to that question, and to explain why John’s judgement and other contentful mental (...)
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  5. On Thinking of Kinds: A Neuroscientific Perspective.Dan Ryder - 2006 - In Graham MacDonald & David Papineau (eds.), Teleosemantics: New Philosophical Essays. Oxford University Press. pp. 115-145.
    Reductive, naturalistic psychosemantic theories do not have a good track record when it comes to accommodating the representation of kinds. In this paper, I will suggest a particular teleosemantic strategy to solve this problem, grounded in the neurocomputational details of the cerebral cortex. It is a strategy with some parallels to one that Ruth Millikan has suggested, but to which insufficient attention has been paid. This lack of attention is perhaps due to a lack of appreciation for the severity of (...)
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  6. Concept Acquisition: How to Get Something From Nothing.Dan Ryder - manuscript
    First I should clarify my thesis. When I say the mind starts off as a blank slate, I’m saying that it’s devoid of substantive concepts or ideas, that is non-logical concepts or ideas. Some examples of substantive concepts are: the concept of a cat, the concept of a quark, the concept of being square, and the concept of heaviness.
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  7.  46
    Jesse J. Prinz,Furnishing the Mind: Concepts and Their Perceptual Basis. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2002. [REVIEW]Jonathan M. Weinberg, Daniel Yarlett, Michael Ramscar, Dan Ryder & Jesse J. Prinz - 2003 - Metascience 12 (3):279-303.
  8.  92
    Empiricism Regained (Comments on Prinz's Furnishing the Mind).Dan Ryder - 2003 - Metascience 12.
    In this wide-ranging book, Jesse Prinz attempts to resuscitate a strand of empiricism continuous with the classical thesis that all Ideas are imagistic. His name for this strand is “concept empiricism,” and he formulates it as follows: “all (human) concepts are copies or combinations of copies of perceptual representations” (p. 108). In the process of defending concept empiricism, Prinz is careful not to commit himself to a number of other theses commonly associated with empiricism more broadly construed. For example, he (...)
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  9. Neurosemantics: A Theory.Dan Ryder - 2002 - Dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
    There is good evidence that the cerebral cortex is the seat of the human mind, so an understanding of representation in the cortex could help us understand the nature of mental representation. I argue that the cortex represents in the way that models do; it is an evolutionarily designed model-building machine. The cortex belongs to a general class of model-building machines that produce isomorphisms to structures in the environment by interacting with them. The representational content of a particular model produced (...)
     
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  10.  58
    Too Close for Comfort? Psychosemantics and the Distal.Dan Ryder - unknown
    What makes a mental representation about what it's about? The majority view among naturalists seems to be that representation has something to do with causation, or information, or correlation, or some other related notion. But such "information-based" views (e.g. Fodor, Prinz, Stalnaker, Usher, Mandik, Tye, and lots of other people who gesture towards this kind of theory1) cannot accommodate representation of the distal.
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  11.  55
    Who's Afraid of the Big, Bad Wolf? Naturalizing Empty Concepts.Dan Ryder - unknown
    Externalist theories of representation (including most naturalistic psychosemantic theories) typically require some relation to obtain between a representation and what it represents. As a result, empty concepts cause problems for such theories. I offer a naturalistic and externalist account of empty concepts that shows how they can be shared across individuals. On this account, the brain is a general-purpose model-building machine, where items in the world serve as templates for model construction. Shareable empty concepts arise when there is a common (...)
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  12.  61
    Review Essay: Meditations on First Neuroscience: Critical Notice of Mark Changizi's the Brain From 25,000 Feet. [REVIEW]Dan Ryder - 2004 - Synthese 141 (2):277 - 285.
  13.  55
    Explaining the "Inhereness" of Qualia Representationally: Why We Seem to Have a Visual Field.Dan Ryder - manuscript
    A representationalist about qualia takes qualitative states to be aspects of the intentional content of sensory or sensory-like representations. When you experience the redness of an apple, they say, your visual system is merely representing that there is a red surface at such-and-such a place in front of you. And when you experience a red afterimage, your visual system is representing something similar . Your sensory state does not literally have an intrinsic quality of phenomenal redness, just as you do (...)
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  14.  46
    The Brain as a Model-Making Machine.Dan Ryder - manuscript
    In this paper, I will introduce you to a new theory of mental representation, emphasizing two important features. First, the theory coheres very well with folk psychology; better, I believe, than its competitors (e.g. Cummins, 1996; Dretske, 1988; Fodor, 1987 and Millikan, 1989, with which it has the most in common), though I will do little by way of direct comparison in this paper. Second, it receives support from current neuroscience. While other theories may be consistent with current neuroscience, none (...)
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  15.  33
    Critical Notice of Stephen Mumford's Dispositions.Dan Ryder - unknown
    Stephen Mumford's Dispositions1 is an interesting and thought-provoking addition to a recent surge of publications on the topic.2 Dispositions have not been such a hot topic since the heyday of behaviourism. But as Mumford argues in his first chapter, the importance of dispositions to contemporary philosophy can hardly be underestimated. Dispositions are fundamental to causal role functionalism in the philosophy of mind, response-dependent truth conditional accounts of moral and other concepts,3 capacity accounts of concepts more generally,4 theories of belief, the (...)
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  16.  23
    Sinbad: A Neocortical Mechanism for Discovering Environmental Variables and Regularities Hidden in Sensory Input.Oleg V. Favorov & Dan Ryder - unknown
    We propose that a top priority of the cerebral cortex must be the discovery and explicit representation of the environmental variables that contribute as major factors to environmental regularities. Any neural representation in which such variables are represented only implicitly (thus requiring extra computing to use them) will make the regularities more complex and therefore more difficult, if not impossible, to learn. The task of discovering such important environmental variables is not an easy one, since their existence is only indirectly (...)
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  17.  31
    The Autonomic Nervous System and Dretske on Phenomenal Consciousness.Dan Ryder - manuscript
    Title page Representational theories propose a set of sufficient conditions for a state to be phenomenally conscious. It turns out that insofar as these conditions have been worked out in detail, the autonomic nervous system (ANS) ought to be conscious - but of course it’s not. In this paper, we’ll describe only a tiny portion of the complexities of the ANS, using these to counterexample only a single theory of phenomenal consciousness, namely, Fred Dretske’s. But we think the ANS comparison (...)
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  18.  28
    Empiricist Word Learning.Dan Ryder & Oleg V. Favorov - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (6):1117-1117.
    At first, Bloom's theory appears inimical to empiricism, since he credits very young children with highly sophisticated cognitive resources (e.g., a theory of mind and a belief that real kinds have essences), and he also attacks the empiricist's favoured learning theory, namely, associationism. We suggest that, on the contrary, the empiricist can embrace much of what Bloom says.
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  19.  16
    Review of Radu J. Bogdan, Predicative Minds: The Social Ontogeny of Propositional Thinking[REVIEW]Dan Ryder - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (8).
  20. Millikan and Her Critics.Dan Ryder, Justine Kingsbury & Kenneth Williford (eds.) - 2013 - Wiley.
    Millikan and Her Critics offers a unique critical discussion of Ruth Millikan's highly regarded, influential, and systematic contributions to philosophy of mind and language, philosophy of biology, epistemology, and metaphysics. These newly written contributions present discussion from some of the most important philosophers in the field today and include replies from Millikan herself.
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  21. Models in the Brain (Book Summary).Dan Ryder - manuscript
    The central idea is that the cerebral cortex is a model building machine, where regularities in the world serve as templates for the models it builds. First it is shown how this idea can be naturalized, and how the representational contents of our internal models depend upon the evolutionarily endowed design principles of our model building machine. Current neuroscience suggests a powerful form that these design principles may take, allowing our brains to uncover deep structures of the world hidden behind (...)
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  22.  8
    John Ryder: Zmierenie pragmatizmu a naturalizmu.John Ryder - unknown - Filozofia 57 (2):123.
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  23.  5
    Millikan and Her Critics, Edited by Dan Ryder, Justine Kingsbury, and Kenneth Williford.M. Artiga - 2015 - Mind 124 (494):679-683.
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  24.  23
    Painism Defended.Richard D. Ryder - 2015 - Think 14 (41):47-55.
    In a previous essay, Richard Ryder argued against Utilitarianism's aggregation of pains across individuals. He continues this argument and rebuts several criticisms of his moral theory of painism. Painism not only rejects the aggregation of pains across individuals, it also questions the trade-off of pains against pleasures.
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  25.  37
    Speciesism Revisited.Richard D. Ryder - 2004 - Think 2 (6):83-92.
    Richard Ryder recounts the birth of the term.
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  26.  34
    Painism Versus Utilitarianism.Richard D. Ryder - 2009 - Think 8 (21):85-89.
    Richard Ryder, one of the founding fathers of the modern animal rights movement, here explains his latest thinking about morality.
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  27.  33
    The Case Against Hunting and for Democracy.Richard D. Ryder - 2005 - Think 4 (11):91-96.
    The British Government has finally banned fox hunting. Richard Ryder explains why he believes it was the right decision.
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  28.  32
    The Ethics of the Iraq War.Richard D. Ryder - 2004 - Think 3 (8):17-26.
    In the second of our two articles focusing on the war in Iraq, Richard Ryder looks at a range of possible justifications, and finds them all wanting.
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  29.  11
    Interpreting America: Russian and Soviet Studies of the History of American Thought.John Ryder - 1999 - Vanderbilt University Press.
    In his pioneering new book Interpreting America, John Ryder makes available for the first time to English-speaking readers Russian views of the full range of American philosophical thought. Using his own accurate translations, he clearly reconstructs a chain of core ideas, emphasizes the most essential concepts of each writer's work, and gives a multidimensional reconstruction of the arguments of each author.
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  30. Causal Theories of Mental Content.Robert D. Rupert - 2008 - Philosophy Compass 3 (2):353–380.
    Causal theories of mental content (CTs) ground certain aspects of a concept's meaning in the causal relations a concept bears to what it represents. Section 1 explains the problems CTs are meant to solve and introduces terminology commonly used to discuss these problems. Section 2 specifies criteria that any acceptable CT must satisfy. Sections 3, 4, and 5 critically survey various CTs, including those proposed by Fred Dretske, Jerry Fodor, Ruth Garrett Millikan, David Papineau, Dennis Stampe, Dan Ryder, and (...)
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  31. The Loneliness of the Long-Distance Truck-Driver.William G. Lycan & Z. Ryder - 2003 - Analysis 63 (2):132-36.
  32.  22
    American Philosophic Naturalism in the Twentieth Century.John Ryder (ed.) - 1994 - Prometheus Books.
    This comprehensive collection, bringing together significant essays by leading philosophers of the twentieth century, represents one prominent school of American thought philosophic naturalism. Naturalism holds that nature is objective and can be studied to gain knowledge that is not determined by methodology, perspective, belief, or theory. For the naturalist, "nature" is an all-encompassing concept; nothing is other than natural and any notion of a supernatural realm is rejected. Naturalism, however, cannot be equated with materialistic reductionism or strict determinism. Certain nonmaterial (...)
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  33.  12
    Painism: Some Moral Rules for the Civilized Experimenter.Richard D. Ryder - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (1):35-42.
    One of the barriers between ordinarily compassionate animal researchers and pro-animal ethicists is that the ethicists are usually seen as asking for far too much. They are perceived as demanding the complete abandonment of careers. In consequence, the ethicist is often ignored. Ethicists rarely give clear-cut rules to animal researchers as to how they can continue in animal research while at the same time adopting an increasingly moral approach. The purpose of this paper is to provide some rules to help (...)
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  34.  73
    The Making of Professional Philosophy.John Ryder - 2007 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (2):386-389.
    : James Campbell's recent book A Thoughtful Profession is an important contribution to our understanding of the state of professional philosophy at the turn of the 20th century, of the development of the American Philosophical Association, and the character of philosophy itself. Its value lies in several points: 1) understanding the historical roots of the APA helps us to understand its contemporary condition; 2) by exploring the origins of the APA Campbell sheds light on the issues that moved philosophers a (...)
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  35.  3
    Consequences of a Simple Extension of the Dutch Book Argument.J. M. Ryder - 1981 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 32 (2):164-167.
  36.  31
    Community, Struggle and Democracy: Marxism and Pragmatism.John Ryder - 1984 - Studies in East European Thought 27 (2):107-121.
  37.  20
    Reviews. [REVIEW]Friedrich Rapp, George McCarthy, Irving H. Anellis, Alex Kozulin, John Ryder, John W. Murphy & Yuri Tuvim - 1987 - Studies in East European Thought 34 (1-2):239-270.
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  38.  13
    Sartre's Theater of Resistance: Les Mouches and the Deadlock of Collective Responsibility.Andrew Ryder - 2009 - Sartre Studies International 15 (2):78-95.
    Sartre's play Les Mouches ( The Flies ), first performed in 1943 under German occupation, has long been controversial. While intended to encourage resistance against the Nazis, its approval by the censor indicates that the regime did not recognize the play as a threat. Further, its apparently violent and solitary themes have been read as irresponsible or apolitical. For these reasons, the play has been characterized as ambiguous or worse. Sartre himself later saw it as overemphasizing individual autonomy, and in (...)
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  39.  9
    Nature and Spirit: An Essay in Ecstatic Naturalism.John Ryder - 1995 - Metaphilosophy 26 (1-2):138-146.
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  40.  5
    The Philanthropy of the Orthodox Church: A Rumanian Case Study.Father Ovidiu Dan - 2007 - Christian Bioethics 13 (3):303-307.
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  41.  2
    Introduction: Reconstructing Philosophy in Eastern Europe.John Ryder - 1994 - Metaphilosophy 25 (2-3):111-116.
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  42. Searchlight on Morals.Thomas Arthur Ryder - 1953 - London: Watts.
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  43. The Right Way to Efficient Thinking, Reasoning and Conversation.Thomas Arthur Ryder - 1949 - Kingswood, Surrey, A. G. Elliot.
     
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  44. The Value of Pragmatic Naturalism.John Ryder - 2009 - In John R. Shook & Paul Kurtz (eds.), The Future of Naturalism. Humanity Books.
     
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  45.  62
    Ryder's Painism and His Criticism of Utilitarianism.Joost Leuven & Tatjana Višak - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (2):409-419.
    As a member of the British Oxford Group, psychologist Richard Ryder marked the beginning of the modern animal rights and animal welfare movement in the seventies. By introducing the concept “speciesism.” Ryder contributed importantly to the expansion of this movement. Surprisingly little attention has been paid to Ryder’s moral theory, “painism”, that aims to resolve the conflict between the two predominant rival theories in animal ethics, the deontological of Tom Regan and the utilitarian of Peter Singer. First, (...)
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  46.  64
    Comment on Ryder's SINBAD Neurosemantics: Is Teleofunction Isomorphism the Way to Understand Representations?Marius Usher - 2004 - Mind and Language 19 (2):241-248.
  47. Professor Dan Markel's Murder.Sally Ramage - 2014 - Current Criminal Lawyer 6 (3):02-09.
    Professor Dan Markel was an expert criminal lawyer at Florida State University. He was murdered in broad daylight at his home. Here is a part of a hypothesis that no one has yet to dispute or otherwise.
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  48.  66
    Review of Dan Zahavi's Subjectivity and Selfhood. [REVIEW]Greg Janzen - 2007 - Psyche 13 (1).
    In Subjectivity and Selfhood Dan Zahavi presents the fruits of his thinking on a nexus of issues regarding the experiential structure of consciousness and its relation to selfhood. The central theme of the book is that the “notion of self is crucial for a proper understanding of consciousness, and consequently it is indispensable to a variety of disciplines such as philosophy of mind, social philosophy, psychiatry, developmental psychology, and cognitive neuroscience” . Proceeding, as in his previously published work , on (...)
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  49.  2
    Naturalized Phenomenology: A Desideratum or a Category Mistake?: Dan Zahavi.Dan Zahavi - 2013 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 72:23-42.
    If we want to assess whether or not a naturalized phenomenology is a desideratum or a category mistake, we need to be clear on precisely what notion of phenomenology and what notion of naturalization we have in mind. In the article I distinguish various notions, and after criticizing one type of naturalized phenomenology, I sketch two alternative takes on what a naturalized phenomenology might amount to and propose that our appraisal of the desirability of such naturalization should be more positive, (...)
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  50.  38
    Heterophenomenogy Versus Critical Phenomenology: A Dialogue with Dan Dennett.Max Velmans - manuscript
    ABSTRACT. The following is an email interchange that took place between Dan Dennett and myself in the period 14th to 28th June, 2001. The discussion tries to clarify some essential features of the "heterophenomenology" developed in his book Consciousness Explained (1996), and how this differs from a form of "critical phenomenology" implicit in my own book Understanding Consciousness (2000), and developed in my edited Investigating Phenomenal Consciousness: new methodologies and maps (2000). The departure point for the discussion is a paper (...)
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