Results for 'Tuomo Aho'

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  1.  37
    Late Medieval Logic.Tuomo Aho & Mikko Yrjönsuuri - 2009 - In Leila Haaparanta (ed.), The Development of Modern Logic. Oxford University Press. pp. 11.
    This chapter deals with medieval logic from the time when it first had full resources for systematic creative contributions onward. It focuses on the era when the ancient heritage was available and medieval logic was able to add something substantial to it, even to surpass it in some respects. The chapter explains that characterization such as this cannot be adequately expressed with years or by conventional period denominations; however, it is hoped that the grounds for drawing boundaries will become clearer (...)
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  2. Modal Logic From Kant to Possible Worlds Semantics.Tapio Korte, Ari Maunu & Tuomo Aho - 2009 - In Leila Haaparanta (ed.), The Development of Modern Logic. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter begins with a discussion of Kant's theory of judgment-forms. It argues that it is not true in Kant's logic that assertoric or apodeictic judgments imply problematic ones, in the manner in which necessity and truth imply possibility in even the weakest systems of modern modal logic. The chapter then discusses theories of judgment-form after Kant, the theory of quantification, Frege's Begriffsschrift, C. I. Lewis and the beginnings of modern modal logic, the proof-theoretic approach to modal logic, possible world (...)
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  3.  43
    Logic and Semantics in the Twentieth Century.Gabriel Sandu & Tuomo Aho - 2008 - In Leila Haaparanta (ed.), The Development of Modern Logic. Oxford University Press. pp. 562.
    This chapter explores logical semantics, that is, the structural meaning of logical expressions like connectives, quantifiers, and modalities. It focuses on truth-theoretical semantics for formalized languages, a tradition emerging from Carnap's and Tarski's work in the first half of the last century that specifies the meaning of these expressions in terms of the truth-conditions of the sentences in which they occur. It considers Tarski-style definitions of the semantics of a given language in a stronger metalanguage, Tarski's impossibility results, and attempts (...)
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  4.  19
    Descartes's Intellectual Memory.Tuomo Aho - 2016 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 71 (2):195-219.
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  5. On the Logic of Memory.Tuomo Aho & Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1990 - Acta Philosophica Fennica 49:408-429.
     
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  6.  42
    Frege and His Groups.Tuomo Aho - 1998 - History and Philosophy of Logic 19 (3):137-151.
    Frege's docent's dissertation Rechnungsmethoden, die sich auf eine Erweiterung des Grössenbegriffes gründen(1874) contains indications of a bold attempt to extend arithmetic. According to it, arithmetic means the science of magnitude, and magnitude must be understood structurally without intuitive support. The main thing is insight into the formal structure of the operation of ?addition?. It turns out that a general ?magnitude domain? coincides with a (commutative) group. This is an interesting connection with simultaneous developments in abstract algebra. As his main application, (...)
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  7. Propositional Attitudes.Tuomo Aho - 2003 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 80 (1):201-221.
    Finland is internationally known as one of the leading centers of twentieth century analytic philosophy. This volume offers for the first time an overall survey of the Finnish analytic school. The rise of this trend is illustrated by original articles of Edward Westermarck, Eino Kaila, Georg Henrik von Wright, and Jaakko Hintikka. Contributions of Finnish philosophers are then systematically discussed in the fields of logic, philosophy of language, philosophy of science, history of philosophy, ethics and social philosophy. Metaphilosophical reflections on (...)
     
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  8.  12
    Concordance to Descartes' "Meditationes de Prima Philosophia" (Review).Tuomo Aho & Mikko Yrjönsuuri - 1998 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 36 (1):135-136.
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  9.  10
    Benjamin Hill and Henrik Lagerlund, Eds. , The Philosophy of Francisco Suárez . Reviewed By.Tuomo Aho - 2013 - Philosophy in Review 33 (1):37-40.
  10.  6
    On the Interpretation of Attitude Logics.Tuomo Aho - 1994 - In Dag Prawitz & Dag Westerståhl (eds.), Logic and Philosophy of Science in Uppsala. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 1--11.
  11.  6
    Consequences, Theory Of.Tuomo Aho - 2011 - In H. Lagerlund (ed.), Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy. Springer. pp. 229--233.
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  12. Norms and Modes of Thinking in Descartes.Tuomo Aho, Mikko Yrjönsuuri & Suomen Filosofinen Yhdistys - 1999
     
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  13. On the Philosophy of Attitude Logic.Tuomo Aho - 1994 - Akateeminen Kirjakauppa.
     
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  14.  12
    Filosofisia tutkielmia.Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Tuomo Aho & Markku Roinila (eds.) - 2011 - Gaudeamus.
    Filosofisia tutkielmia sisältää Leibnizin tärkeimmät metafyysiset teokset ja lisäksi varsin laajan valikoiman lyhyitä kirjoituksia monilta hänen filosofiansa aloilta: logiikkaa, tieto-oppia, etiikkaa, oikeusfilosofiaa, fysiikkaa, matematiikkaa ja eri uskontokuntien uskontunnustusten yhteensovittamisesta. Tutkielman lisäksi mukana on osia kirjeenvaihdosta Antoine Arnauld’n kanssa ja koko kuuluisa kirjeenvaihto Samuel Clarken kanssa. Teos sisältää myös johdannon sekä selitysosan, jotka avaavat nykylukijalle tämän monipuolisen filosofian ajattelua. -/- A collection of Leibniz writings translated to Finnish with introduction and notes.
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  15.  54
    Harold Garfinkel: Toward a Sociological Theory of Information. Ed. Anne Warfield Rawls. [REVIEW]James Aho - 2010 - Human Studies 33 (1):117-121.
    Harold Garfinkel: Toward a Sociological Theory of Information. Ed. Anne Warfield Rawls Content Type Journal Article Pages 117-121 DOI 10.1007/s10746-010-9141-1 Authors James Aho, Idaho State University Department of Sociology, Social Work, and Criminal Justice Pocatello ID 83209 USA Journal Human Studies Online ISSN 1572-851X Print ISSN 0163-8548 Journal Volume Volume 33 Journal Issue Volume 33, Number 1.
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  16.  30
    Randall Collins: Violence: A Micro-Sociological Theory. [REVIEW]James Aho - 2013 - Human Studies 36 (1):149-151.
    Randall Collins: Violence: A Micro-Sociological Theory Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-3 DOI 10.1007/s10746-011-9203-z Authors James Aho, Department of Sociology, Social Work, and Criminal Justice, Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID 83209, USA Journal Human Studies Online ISSN 1572-851X Print ISSN 0163-8548.
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  17.  45
    Existentialism: An Introduction.Kevin Aho - 2014 - Polity.
    _Existentialism: An Introduction_ provides an accessible and scholarly introduction to the core ideas of the existentialist tradition. Kevin Aho draws on a wide range of existentialist thinkers in chapters centering on the key themes of freedom, being-in-the-world, alienation, nihilism, anxiety and authenticity. He also addresses important but often overlooked issues in the canon of existentialism, with discussions devoted to the role of embodiment, the movement’s contribution to ethics, politics, and environmental and comparative philosophies, as well as its influence on contemporary (...)
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  18. Notes From the Underground.Charles Guignon & Kevin Aho (eds.) - 2009 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    Dostoevsky's disturbing and groundbreaking novella appears in this new annotated edition with an Introduction by Charles Guignon and Kevin Aho. An analogue of Guignon's widely praised Introduction to his 1993 edition of "The Grand Inquisitor," the editors' Introduction places the underground man in the context of European modernity, analyzes his inner dynamics in the light of the history of Russian cultural and intellectual life, and suggests compelling reasons for our own strange affinity for this nameless man who boldly declares, "I (...)
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  19.  50
    Depression and Embodiment: Phenomenological Reflections on Motility, Affectivity, and Transcendence. [REVIEW]Kevin A. Aho - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):751-759.
    This paper integrates personal narratives with the methods of phenomenology in order to draw some general conclusions about ‘what it means’ and ‘what it feels like’ to be depressed. The analysis has three parts. First, it explores the ways in which depression disrupts everyday experiences of spatial orientation and motility. This disruption makes it difficult for the person to move and perform basic functional tasks, resulting in a collapse or contraction of the life-world. Second, it illustrates how depression creates a (...)
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  20.  44
    Medicalizing Mental Health: A Phenomenological Alternative. [REVIEW]Kevin Aho - 2008 - Journal of Medical Humanities 29 (4):243-259.
    With the increasingly close relationship between the pharmaceutical industry and the American Psychiatric Association (APA) there has been a growing tendency in the mental health professions to interpret everyday emotional suffering and behavior as a medical condition that can be treated with a particular drug. In this paper, I suggest that hermeneutic phenomenology is uniquely suited to challenge the core assumptions of medicalization by expanding psychiatry's narrow conception of the self as an enclosed, biological individual and recognizing the ways in (...)
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  21. Heidegger's Neglect of the Body.Kevin Aho - 2009 - State University of New York Press.
    _Challenges conventional understandings of Heidegger’s account of the body._.
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  22.  9
    Heidegger, Ontological Death, and the Healing Professions.Kevin A. Aho - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (1):55-63.
  23. Why Heidegger Is Not An Existentialist: Interpreting Authenticity And Historicity In Being And Time.Kevin Aho - 2003 - Florida Philosophical Review 3 (2):5-22.
    Heidegger's Being and Time is often interpreted as an important contribution to the canon of Existentialist philosophy. This popular interpretation is due largely to the theme of "authenticity" that is carefully developed in Division II. Here, Heidegger explains how we, as human beings, can temporarily sever ourselves from our bondage to a "fallen" public world by owning up to the anxious awareness of our inevitable death. It is in resolutely facing death that we can become individuals for the first time (...)
     
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  24.  7
    Kierkegaard On Escaping the Cult of Busyness.Karl Aho & C. Stephen Evans - 2018 - Institute of Art and Ideas.
    A 2016 article in the Journal of Consumer Research argues that busyness has become a status symbol. In earlier societies, such as the 19th century Thorstein Veblen describes in his Theory of the Leisure Class, the wealthy conspicuously avoided work. They saw idleness as an ideal. By contrast, contemporary Americans praise being overworked. They see busy individuals as possessing rare and desirable characteristics, such as competence and ambition. -/- To respond philosophically to our new overworked overlords and status icons, we (...)
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  25.  47
    Empiricism and/or Instrumentalism?Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay, Mark Greenwood, Gordon Brittan & Ken A. Aho - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (S5):1019-1041.
    Elliott Sober is both an empiricist and an instrumentalist. His empiricism rests on a principle called actualism, whereas his instrumentalism violates this. This violation generates a tension in his work. We argue that Sober is committed to a conflicting methodological imperative because of this tension. Our argument illuminates the contemporary debate between realism and empiricism which is increasingly focused on the application of scientific inference to testing scientific theories. Sober’s position illustrates how the principle of actualism drives a wedge between (...)
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  26.  3
    Sharpening Our Tools for Moral Inquiry.Karl Aho - 2018 - Southwest Philosophy Review 34 (2):23-26.
    This paper is a response to Justin Bell's “Depression Applied to Moral Imagination: Deweyan Tools for Moral Inquiry." The author first contextualizes Bell’s use of evolutionary psychology in the context of two influential philosophical engagements with medicine: Alasdair MacIntyre’s concept of the therapeutic and the recent turn towards person-centered medicine over disease-centered medicine. He then raises two concerns about the accounts of depression used in the sources Bell draws on: the way they identify depression as oriented towards social problems and (...)
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  27.  37
    The Missing Dialogue Between Heidegger and Merleau-Ponty: On the Importance of the Zollikon Seminars.Kevin A. Aho - 2005 - Body and Society 11 (2):1-23.
  28.  34
    Medicalized Psychiatry and the Talking Cure: A Hermeneutic Intervention. [REVIEW]Kevin Aho & Charles Guignon - 2011 - Human Studies 34 (3):293-308.
    The dominance of the medical-model in American psychiatry over the last 30 years has resulted in the subsequent decline of the “talking cure”. In this paper, we identify a number of problems associated with medicalized psychiatry, focusing primarily on how it conceptualizes the self as a de-contextualized set of symptoms. Drawing on the tradition of hermeneutic phenomenology, we argue that medicalized psychiatry invariably overlooks the fact that our identities, and the meanings and values that matter to us, are created and (...)
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  29. Acceleration and Time Pathologies: The Critique of Psychology in Heidegger's Beiträge.Kevin Aho - 2007 - Time and Society 16 (1):25-42.
    In his Contributions to Philosophy, Martin Heidegger introduces "acceleration" as one of the three symptoms--along with "calculation" and the "outbreak of massiveness"--of our technological way of "being-in-the-world." In this article, I unpack the relationship between these symptoms and draw a twofold conclusion. First, interpreting acceleration in terms of time pathologies, I suggest the self is becoming increasingly fragmented and emotionally overwhelmed from chronic sensory arousal and time pressure. This experience makes it difficult for us to qualitatively distinguish what matters to (...)
     
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  30.  36
    Logos and the Poverty of Animals: Rethinking Heidegger’s Humanism.Kevin Aho - 2007 - New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 7:109-126.
  31.  36
    Body Matters: A Phenomenology of Sickness, Disease, and Illness.James Aho & Kevin Aho - 2008 - Lexington Books.
    Written in a jargon-free way, Body Matters provides a clear and accessible phenomenological critique of core assumptions in mainstream biomedicine and explores ways in which health and illness are experienced and interpreted differently in various socio-historical situations. By drawing on the disciplines of literature, cultural anthropology, sociology, medical history, and philosophy, the authors attempt to dismantle common presuppositions we have about human afflictions and examine how the methods of phenomenology open up new ways to interpret the body and to re-envision (...)
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  32.  28
    Recovering Play; On the Relationship Between Leisure and Authenticity in Heidegger‟ s Thought.Kevin Aho - 2007 - Janus Head 10 (1):217-238.
    This paper attempts to reconcile, what appear to be, two conflicting accounts of authenticity in Heidegger’s thought. Authenticity in Being and Time is commonly interpreted in ‘existentialist’ terms as willful commitment and resoluteness in the face of one’s own death but, by the late 1930’s, is reintroduced in terms of Gelassenheit, as a non-willful openness that “lets beings be.” By employing Heidegger’s conception of authentic historicality , understood as the retrieval of Dasein’s past, and drawing on his writings on Hölderlin (...)
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  33.  30
    Simmel on Acceleration, Boredom, and Extreme Aesthesia.Kevin Aho - 2007 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 37 (4):447-462.
    By focusing on the unique velocity and over-stimulation of metropolitan life, Georg Simmel pioneered an interpretation of cultural boredom that has had a significant impact on contemporary social theory by viewing it through the modern experience of time-pressure and social acceleration. This paper explores Simmel's account of boredom by showing how--in the frenzy of modern life--it has become increasingly difficult to qualitatively distinguish which choices and commitments actually matter to us. Furthermore, this emotional indifference invariably pushes us towards more excessive (...)
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  34.  38
    Gender and Time: Revisiting the Question of Dasein's Neutrality.Kevin Aho - 2007 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 12 (1):137-155.
    Many critics have attempted to give an account of a gendered incarnation of Dasein in response to Heidegger’s “neutral” or “asexual” interpretation. In this paper,I suggest gendered readings of Dasein are potentially misleading. I argue Dasein is gendered only to the extent that “the Anyone” (das Man)—understood as relational background of social practices, institutions, and languages—constitutes the space or “clearing” (Lichtung) of intelligibility. However, this reading misrepresents the core motivation of Heidegger’s early project, namely to arrive at “temporality” (Zeitlichkeit) as (...)
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  35. Rethinking the Psychopathology of Depression.Kevin Aho - 2008 - Philosophical Practice 3 (1):207-218.
    The instrumental classification of depression made possible by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual and the widespread pharmacological approach to treatment in mainstream biopsychiatry has generated a cottage industry of criticism. This paper explores the potential shortcomings of the DSM/bio-psychiatric model and introduces the value of philosophical counseling—specifically by means of integrating the insights of Existentialism and Buddhism—as a way to overcome a number of diagnostic and methodological problems. Philosophical counseling, in this regard, is not overly concerned with the objective question (...)
     
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  36.  8
    Temporal Experience in Anxiety: Embodiment, Selfhood, and the Collapse of Meaning.Kevin Aho - forthcoming - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-12.
    This essay explores the unique temporal experience in anxiety. Drawing on first-person accounts as well as examples from literature, I attempt to show how anxiety not only disrupts our physiological and cognitive timing but also disturbs the embodied rhythms of everyday social life. The primary goal, however, is to articulate the extent to which human existence itself is a temporally structured event and to identity the ways that anxiety disrupts this structure. Using Martin Heidegger’s account of human existence as a (...)
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  37.  1
    Neurasthenia Revisited: On Medically Unexplained Syndromes and the Value of Hermeneutic Medicine.Kevin Aho - 2018 - Journal of Applied Hermeneutics 2018 (1).
    The rise of medically unexplained conditions like fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome in the United States looks remarkably similar to the explosion of neurasthenia diagnoses in the late nineteenth century. In this paper, I argue the historical connection between neurasthenia and today’s medically unexplained conditions hinges largely on the uncritical acceptance of naturalism in medicine. I show how this cultural acceptance shapes the way in which we interpret and make sense of nervous distress while, at the same time, neglecting the (...)
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  38.  61
    Michael G. Flaherty: The Textures of Time: Agency and Temporal Experience. [REVIEW]James Aho - 2011 - Human Studies 34 (1):111-113.
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  39.  39
    Michael Laffan and Max Weiss (Eds.): Facing Fear: The History of an Emotion in Global Perspective. [REVIEW]James Aho - 2013 - Human Studies 36 (1):1-5.
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  40. Descartes's Musical Treatise.T. Aho - 1999 - Acta Philosophica Fennica 64:233-248.
     
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  41.  24
    White Man as a Social Construct.James A. Aho - 1999 - The European Legacy 4 (3):62-72.
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  42.  17
    Heidegger and Silence.Kevin Aho - 2015 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 7 (1):88-91.
    This short essay offers a critical overview of David Nowell Smith's book Sounding/Silence, focusing on, what the author calls, the “ontologization of poetry” as a way to grasp Heidegger's critique of traditional aesthetics and the novel claim that the human body is already implicated in Heidegger's account of language and poetry. To this end, there is a brief discussion of Heidegger's controversial views on the human/animal relation, the connection between poetry and thinking, and the value of Heidegger's poetics for future (...)
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  43.  15
    Europe, Strategy and Armed Forces: The Making of a Distinctive Power.James Aho - 2013 - The European Legacy 18 (6):754-755.
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  44.  15
    Introduction to Civil War.James Aho - 2013 - The European Legacy 18 (5):647-648.
  45.  5
    Kierkegaard, Aesthetics, and Selfhood: The Art of Subjectivity. By Peder Jothen. Pp. 262, Surrey, UK, Ashgate, 2014, £65.00/$104.45. [REVIEW]Karl Aho - 2017 - Heythrop Journal 58 (4):702-703.
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  46.  27
    The Psychopathology of American Shyness: A Hermeneutic Reading.Kevin Aho - 2010 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 40 (2):190-206.
  47.  10
    William Morris and Iceland.Gary Aho - 1982 - Kairos 1 (2):102-33.
  48.  13
    Assessing the Role of Virtue Ethics in Psychology: A Commentary on the Work of Blaine Fowers, Frank Richardson, and Brent Slife.Kevin A. Aho - 2012 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 32 (1):43-49.
    Drawing on the work of Fowers, Richardson, and Slife, this commentary offers an overview and critical assessment of the theory and practice of virtue ethics in psychology. The commentary highlights the importance of a hermeneutic or relational understanding of selfhood and the value of interpreting human meanings within the context of a shared tradition. I conclude with some critical remarks that focus on reconciling the assumptions of naturalism with hermeneutic philosophy, the issue of conservatism in virtue ethics, and problems of (...)
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  49. Book Reviews Accountant's Truth: Knowledge and Ethics in the Financial World, by Matthew Gill.James Aho - 2011 - Business Ethics Quarterly 21 (1):189.
     
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  50.  6
    Accountant's Truth.James Aho - 2011 - Business Ethics Quarterly 21 (1):189-193.
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