Results for 'Georg Spielthenner'

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  1.  20
    Why Comply with a Code of Ethics?Georg Spielthenner - 2015 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 18 (2):195-202.
  2.  9
    Justificatory Reasons for Action.Georg Spielthenner - 2012 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 8 (2):56-72.
  3. Consequentialism or Deontology?Georg Spielthenner - 2005 - Philosophia 33 (1-4):217-235.
  4.  68
    A Logic of Practical Reasoning.Georg Spielthenner - 2007 - Acta Analytica 22 (2):139-153.
    In this paper my primary aim is to present a logical system of practical reasoning that can be used to assess the validity of practical arguments, that is, arguments with a practical judgment as conclusion. I begin with a critical evaluation of other approaches to this issue and argue that they are inadequate. On the basis of these considerations, I explain in Sect. 2 the informal conception of practical validity and introduce in Sect. 3 the logical system P , which (...)
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  5.  20
    The Principle-Based Method of Practical Ethics.Georg Spielthenner - 2017 - Health Care Analysis 25 (3):275-289.
    This paper is about the methodology of doing practical ethics. There is a variety of methods employed in ethics. One of them is the principle-based approach, which has an established place in ethical reasoning. In everyday life, we often judge the rightness and wrongness of actions by their conformity to principles, and the appeal to principles plays a significant role in practical ethics, too. In this paper, I try to provide a better understanding of the nature of principle-based reasoning. To (...)
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  6. Instrumental Reasoning Reconsidered.Georg Spielthenner - 2008 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 4 (1):59-76.
    Since Aristotle it has been common among philosophers to distinguish between two fundamental types of reasoning, theoretical and practical. We do not only want to work out what is the case but also what we ought to do. This article offers a logical analysis of instrumental reasoning, which is the paradigm of practical reasoning. In the first section I discuss the major types of instrumental reasoning and show why the accounts of most authors are defective. On the basis of this (...)
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  7.  24
    Risk-Benefit Analysis: From a Logical Point of View. [REVIEW]Georg Spielthenner - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (2):161-170.
    In this paper I am concerned with risk–benefit analysis; that is, the comparison of the risks of a situation to its related benefits. We all face such situations in our daily lives and they are very common in medicine too, where risk–benefit analysis has become an important tool for rational decision-making. This paper explores risk–benefit analysis from a logical point of view. In particular, it seeks a better understanding of the common view that decisions should be made by weighing risks (...)
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  8.  22
    Lesser Evil Reasoning and its Pitfalls.Georg Spielthenner - 2010 - Argumentation 24 (2):139-152.
    We are often faced with dilemmatic situations in which we must choose between alternative courses of action, both of which will have a bad outcome. It is commonly held that in such cases it is both uncontroversial and unproblematic that we have to choose the lesser evil. However, despite its frequent application in ethical decision-making, lesser evil reasoning is not well understood by most of its advocates and it thus occasions much misunderstanding and it presents a number of pitfalls. In (...)
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  9.  17
    A Logical Analysis of Slippery Slope Arguments.Georg Spielthenner - 2010 - Health Care Analysis 18 (2):148-163.
    This article offers a logical analysis of Slippery Slope Arguments. Such arguments claim that adopting a certain act or policy would take us down a slippery slope to an undesirable bottom and infer from this that we should refrain from this act or policy. Even though a logical assessment of such arguments has not received much careful attention, it is of vital importance to their overall assessment because if the premises fail to support the conclusion an argument is worthless. I (...)
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  10.  21
    The Principle of Double Effect as a Guide for Medical Decision-Making.Georg Spielthenner - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (4):465-473.
    Many medical interventions have both negative and positive effects. When health care professionals cannot achieve a particular desired good result without bringing about some bad effects also they often rely on double-effect reasoning to justify their decisions. The principle of double effect is therefore an important guide for ethical decision-making in medicine. At the same time, however, it is a very controversial tool for resolving complex ethical problems that has been criticized by many authors. For these reasons, I examine in (...)
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  11. Moral Virtues.Georg Spielthenner - 2004 - Ethic@ 3:27-35.
    Although much has been published on virtues in recent years, there is still considerable uncertainty in philosophy about the concept of a virtue and especially about moral virtues. In this article, I will try to clarify these notions. In particular, I want to answer the question: When are virtues moral virtues? Clearly, not every practical virtue is a moral virtue. Why was the courage of the Nazi soldiers in the second world war not a moral virtue, but yet is presumably (...)
     
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  12.  15
    Moral Emotions.Georg Spielthenner - 2004 - Disputatio 1 (17):1 - 13.
    Moral emotions have been badly neglected by philosophical ethics. In my view to the detriment of this discipline because they are not only important for the moral evaluation of persons but also for value theory and thus also for a theory of morally right actions. This paper outlines my account of moral emotions. Emotions such as regret or shame are sometimes but not always moral emotions. I will determine when they are moral emotions. In I will deal with the views (...)
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  13.  47
    Analogical Reasoning in Ethics.Georg Spielthenner - 2014 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (5):861-874.
    In this article I am concerned with analogical reasoning in ethics. There is no doubt that the use of analogy can be a powerful tool in our ethical reasoning. The importance of this mode of reasoning is therefore commonly accepted, but there is considerable debate concerning how its structure should be understood and how it should be assessed, both logically and epistemically. In this paper, I first explain the basic structure of arguments from analogy in ethics. I then discuss the (...)
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  14.  46
    On Normative Practical Reasoning.Georg Spielthenner - 2013 - Abstracta 7 (1).
    This article offers an analysis of normative practical reasoning. Reasoning of this type includes at least one normative belief and it has a practical conclusion (roughly, a conclusion about what to do). The principal question I am interested in is whether this type of practical reasoning can be logically conclusive. This issue has received remarkably little philosophical discussion despite the central role this reasoning plays in our everyday discourse about action and in the resolution of ethical problems. I distinguish three (...)
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  15.  22
    The Casuistic Method of Practical Ethics.Georg Spielthenner - 2016 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 37 (5):417-431.
    This essay concerns itself with the methodology of practical ethics. There are a variety of methods employed in ethics. Although none have been firmly established as dominant, it is generally agreed that casuistry, or the case-based method, is one important strategy commonly used for resolving ethical issues. Casuists compare the case under consideration to a relevantly similar precedent case in which judgements have already been made, and they use these earlier judgements to determine the proper resolution of the present case. (...)
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  16.  18
    The Is - Ought Problem in Practical Ethics.Georg Spielthenner - 2017 - HEC Forum 29 (4):277-292.
    This article is concerned with the role empirical research can play in normative practical ethics. There is no doubt that ethical research requires some kind of collaboration between normative disciplines and empirical sciences. But many researchers hold that empirical science is only assigned a subordinate role, due to the doctrine that normative conclusions cannot be justified by descriptive premises. Scientists working in the field of ethics commonly hold, however, that the empirical sciences should play a much bigger role in ethical (...)
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  17. Logical Varieties of Instrumental Reasons.Georg Spielthenner - 2012 - Etica E Politica 14 (2):197-213.
    Instrumental reasons play a central role in our practical deliberations because we apply the distinction between reasonable and unreasonable not only to beliefs, but to actions also. The question of what one has an instrumental reason to do is an important substantive question that is relevant to the general theory of practical reasoning and to ethics, too. It will be my object in the present study to show that we have different kinds of instrumental reasons, which depend solely on their (...)
     
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  18.  13
    Justifying Practical Reasons.Georg Spielthenner - 2016 - Abstracta 9 (1).
    : This paper is about the nature of practical reasons. More specifically, my primary goal is to explore when an agent has a justifying reason for action¾that is, a reason that can be used for justifying an action that has been done or that the agent is planning to do. This concept of reason is central to ethics and to practical philosophy in general. I defend an account of reason according to which a piece of practical reasoning gives an agent (...)
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  19. What is a Value Judgement?Georg Spielthenner - 2005 - Sorites 16:82-92.
    The purpose of this paper is to clarify the concept of a value judgement. I present here my view on this problem, which is a version of non-descriptivism that is similar to but not identical to traditional non-descriptivist theories. The thesis I want to explain and argue for is that S makes a value judgement about x if and only if S expresses his attitude towards x. I explain first explain this thesis by clarifying the concept of an attitude, in (...)
     
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  20.  16
    The Role of Formal Justice in Ethical Reasoning.Georg Spielthenner - 2015 - Res Publica 21 (1):77-92.
    In this article I am concerned with reasoning about matters of justice. There is no doubt that justice-reasoning is a significant mode of ethical reasoning and its importance is therefore generally accepted. But there is a considerable debate concerning the role formal justice can play in reasoning about justice. In this paper, I first provide an analysis of formal justice. I then show that the concept of formal justice is identical to one notion of fairness and I illustrate the function (...)
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  21.  7
    On Practical Reasoning Under Ignorance.Georg Spielthenner - 2013 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 13 (3):357-373.
    The purpose of this paper is to present an account of practical reasoning under ignorance—i.e., reasoning under conditions where the available information is so uninformative that we cannot assign probabilities to the outcomes of our options. The account shows that such reasoning need not rely on implausible principles , but can nevertheless be logically valid. Put differently, I attempt to show that we can reason in a logically correct manner even if we do not know what the outcomes of our (...)
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  22. Moral Reasons.Georg Spielthenner - 2007 - Etica E Politica 9 (2):423-437.
    My primary aim in this essay is to clarify the notion of a moral reason. To accomplish this, I criticise in the first section the main conceptions of moral reasons. In the second and third section, I explain my account of moral reasons, arguing that moral reasons are a kind of social reasons, and illustrate it by examples. Although the concept of a moral reason is central to our moral thinking; it has received scant attention in the philosophical literature. Furthermore, (...)
     
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  23. Rational Valuations.Georg Spielthenner - 2007 - Ethic@ 6:41-55.
    Valuations are ubiquitous. We may be for or against genetically modified food; we find some politicians irresponsible; we prefer Beethoven to rock ‘n’ roll or vice versa; some enjoy bird-watching while others find it boring; and we may think that we have to tighten up on green-house gas emissions. Valuing is pervasive and often we are not even aware that we are valuing. However, many of ourvaluations are ill grounded and rationally defective. They are frequently based on misinformation, sloppy thinking, (...)
     
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  24. Georg (darmstadt): Eric r. kandel: Psychiatrie, psychoanalyse und die neue biologie des geistes....Julta Georg & Eric R. Kandel - 2007 - Philosophische Rundschau 54 (2):183 - 187.
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  25.  3
    In Defence of Reason? Friedrich Nietzsche in Thomas Mann’s Nietzsches Philosophie im Lichte unserer Erfahrung and Georg Lukács’ Die Zerstörung der Vernunft.Alexander Brown - 2018 - Nietzsche Studien Gesamtregister Bände 1-20 47 (1):379-397.
    In the immediate aftermath of the Second World War, Thomas Mann and Georg Lukács both sought to come to terms with the multifaceted role of philosophy in the catastrophe of fascism. The figure of Nietzsche is examined in Mann’s Nietzsches Philosophie im Lichte unserer Erfahrung and Lukács’ Die Zerstörung der Vernunft. It is generally recognised that Mann’s lecture helped to shape the post-war Nietzsche reception in the West as much as Lukács’ treatise did in the East. In contrast, I (...)
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  26. Gadamer's Century Essays in Honor of Hans-Georg Gadamer.Hans Georg Gadamer, J. E. Malpas, Ulrich von Arnswald & Jens Kertscher - 2002
     
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  27. Hans-Georg Gadamer on Education, Poetry, and History Applied Hermeneutics.Hans Georg Gadamer, Dieter Misgeld & Graeme Nicholson - 1992
     
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  28.  14
    Hans-Georg Gadamer y la filosofía española.María Martín Gómez - 2018 - Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 35 (2):485-506.
    This article develops the relationship between Hans-Georg Gadamer and Spanish philosophers at the end of the 20th century after the completion of a research stay in the Deutsche Literatur Archiv in Marbach. New materials and unpublished correspondence recently found in the Deutsche Literatur Archiv in Marbach reveal common interests and intellectual links between Hans-Georg Gadamer and several Spanish philosophers: Jose Ortega y Gasset, Julián Marías, Laín Entralgo, Xavier Zubiri or Emilio Lledó. The letters, that Gadamer wrote and received, (...)
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  29.  27
    Feminist Interpretations of Hans-Georg Gadamer.Lorraine Code (ed.) - 2003 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Fifteen essays examine the work of German philosopher Hans Georg Gadamer to provide feminist interpretations of his views on science, language, history, ...
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  30.  40
    Revolutionary Rhetoric: Georg Büchner’s “Der Hessische Landbote” – A Case Study. [REVIEW]Manfred Kienpointner - 2007 - Argumentation 21 (2):129-149.
    In this paper, the political pamphlet “Der Hessische Landbote” by the eminent German author, Georg Büchner (1813–1837), will be positioned within the context of its political and historical background, analyzed as to its argumentative and stylistic structure, and critically evaluated. It will be argued that propaganda texts such as this should be evaluated by taking into account both rhetorical perspectives and standards of rational discussion. As far as argumentative structure is concerned, a modified version of the Toulmin scheme will (...)
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  31.  19
    Monstrosity and the Not-Yet: Edward Scissorhands Via Ernst Bloch and Georg Simmel.Craig Hammond - 2015 - Film-Philosophy 19 (1):221-248.
    This article explores and discusses Tim Burton's film Edward Scissorhands by applying a Georg Simmel/Ernst Bloch analysis. Aside from each of the philosophical approaches serving as insightful analyses of the symbolism and narrative of the film, it is also theoretically useful to compare and unpack the similarities and differences in aspects of both Simmel's and Bloch's philosophical ideas and metaphors, influenced by their collaboratory experiences; Bloch became associated with Georg Simmel in 1908. The association and friendship with Simmel (...)
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  32.  26
    Georg [György] Lukács.Titus Stahl - 2013 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Georg (György) Lukács (1885–1971) was a literary theorist and philosopher who is widely viewed as one of the founders of “Western Marxism”. Lukács is best known for his pre-World War II writings in literary theory, aesthetic theory and Marxist philosophy. Today, his most widely read works are the Theory of the Novel of 1916 and History and Class Consciousness of 1923. In History and Class Consciousness, Lukács laid out a wide-ranging critique of the phenomenon of “reification” in capitalism and (...)
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  33.  10
    Georg Helm's Chemical Energetics.Robert J. Deltete - 2012 - Hyle 18 (1):23 - 44.
    This essay has three interrelated goals: first, to sketch the basic contours of Georg Helm's energetic theory; second, to describe his attempt in his Grundzüge der mathematischen Chemie. Energetik der chemischen Erscheinungen (1894) to apply that theory to the (then) burgeoning new field of physical chemistry. This is of some interest historically, since Helm's work is the most sophisticated attempt to develop the whole of physical chemistry mathematically from an energetic point of view. Nevertheless, it is seriously flawed technically. (...)
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  34. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel's Leben.Karl Rosenkranz & Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel - 1844 - Duncker Und Humblot.
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  35. Abhandlungen Aus Dem Gebiete der Philosophie Und Ihrer Geschichte Eine Festgabe Zum 70. Geburtstag Georg Freiherrn von Hertling.Matthias Baumgartner & Georg Hertling - 1913 - Herder.
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  36. Die Antike Philosophie in Ihrer Bedeutung Für Die Gegenwart Kolloquium Zu Ehren des 80. Geburtstages von Hans-Georg Gadamer.Albrecht Dihle, Hans Georg Gadamer, Reiner Wiehl & Universität Heidelberg - 1981
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  37. Kunst, Hermeneutik, Philosophie Das Denken Hans-Georg Gadamers Im Zusammenhang des 20. Jahrhunderts.István M. Fehér & Hans Georg Gadamer - 2003
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  38. Hermeneutik, Ästhetik, Praktische Philosophie Hans-Georg Gadamer Im Gespräch.Hans Georg Gadamer & Carsten Dutt - 1993
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  39. Johann Georg Hamann 1730-1788 Quellen Und Forschungen.Johann Georg Hamann, Renate Knoll, Kulturstiftung der Deutschen Vertriebenen & Internationales Hamann-Colloquium - 1988
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  40. Eigenhändige Randbemerkungen Zu Seiner Rechtsphilosophie Aus der Handschrift Herausgegeben von Georg Lasson.Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel & Georg Lasson - 1930 - F. Meiner.
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  41. Hans-Georg Gadamer a Biography.Jean Grondin - 2003
     
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  42. Kreiseliana. About and Around Georg Kreisel.Piergiorgio Odifreddi (ed.) - 1996 - A K Peters.
  43.  9
    Preface to Excerpt From the Doctrine of Reason by Georg Friedrich Meier.Lawrence Pasternack - 2016 - In Lawrence Pasternack & Pablo Muchnik (eds.), Excerpt from the Doctrine of Reason by Georg Friedrich Meier. Bloomsbury Academic.
    The aim of Kant’s Sources in Translation is to retrieve the rich intellectual world that influenced Kant’s philosophical development. In its first stage, the series makes available the most important textbooks Kant used throughout his long teaching career. Many of these textbooks are in Latin or in German and remain inaccessible to Anglophone readers. Lacking this material, however, it is difficult to appreciate Kant’s originality and process of philosophical maturation, for readers are unable to understand what prompted Kant to introduce (...)
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  44.  16
    Sprengkraft Sexualität: Zum Konflikt der Geschlechter in Georg Büchners Woyzeck.Georg Büchner Gesellschaft, Eva-Maria Vering, Matthias Gröbel & Burghard Dedner - 2008 - In Georg Büchner Gesellschaft, Eva-Maria Vering, Matthias Gröbel & Burghard Dedner (eds.), Georg Büchnaer Jahrbuch Georg Büchner Yearbook. Walter de Gruyter – Max Niemeyer Verlag.
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  45. Political Hermeneutics: The Early Thinking of Hans-Georg Gadamer.Robert R. Sullivan - 1989 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    A distinct logic to Gadamer's early writings makes them more than mere precursors to the mature thought that appeared in _Truth and Method_. They contain their own, new and different, "philosophical hermeneutics" and are worth reading with a fresh eye. The young Gadamer began his publication career by arguing that Plato's ethical writings did not "express" doctrine but rather depended upon the "play" of language among speakers in an ethical discourse community. This was the key idea of _Plato's Dialectical Ethics_, (...)
     
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  46.  9
    »Nimmt einer ein Gefühlchen«: Die Emotionen der Französischen Revolution in Georg Büchners Metadrama Danton’s Tod.Georg Büchner Gesellschaft, Eva-Maria Vering, Matthias Gröbel & Burghard Dedner - 2008 - In Georg Büchner Gesellschaft, Eva-Maria Vering, Matthias Gröbel & Burghard Dedner (eds.), Georg Büchnaer Jahrbuch Georg Büchner Yearbook. Walter de Gruyter – Max Niemeyer Verlag.
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  47.  9
    Religionskritik bei Georg Büchner.Georg Büchner Gesellschaft, Eva-Maria Vering, Matthias Gröbel & Burghard Dedner - 2008 - In Georg Büchner Gesellschaft, Eva-Maria Vering, Matthias Gröbel & Burghard Dedner (eds.), Georg Büchnaer Jahrbuch Georg Büchner Yearbook. Walter de Gruyter – Max Niemeyer Verlag.
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  48.  15
    Les premiers manuscrits des Theoricae novae planetarum de Georg Peurbach : présentation, description, évolution d'un ouvrage.Michela Malpangotto - 2012 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 65 (2):339-380.
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  49.  6
    Georg Büchner im Medientransfer.Georg Büchner Gesellschaft, Eva-Maria Vering, Matthias Gröbel & Burghard Dedner - 2008 - In Georg Büchner Gesellschaft, Eva-Maria Vering, Matthias Gröbel & Burghard Dedner (eds.), Georg Büchnaer Jahrbuch Georg Büchner Yearbook. Walter de Gruyter – Max Niemeyer Verlag.
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  50.  6
    Georg Büchners Leonce und Lena und die »Lustspielfrage« seiner Zeit.Georg Büchner Gesellschaft, Eva-Maria Vering, Matthias Gröbel & Burghard Dedner - 2008 - In Georg Büchner Gesellschaft, Eva-Maria Vering, Matthias Gröbel & Burghard Dedner (eds.), Georg Büchnaer Jahrbuch Georg Büchner Yearbook. Walter de Gruyter – Max Niemeyer Verlag.
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