Results for 'Stephen E. G. Lea'

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  1. Money as Tool, Money as Drug: The Biological Psychology of a Strong Incentive.Stephen E. G. Lea & Paul Webley - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):161-209.
    Why are people interested in money? Specifically, what could be the biological basis for the extraordinary incentive and reinforcing power of money, which seems to be unique to the human species? We identify two ways in which a commodity which is of no biological significance in itself can become a strong motivator. The first is if it is used as a tool, and by a metaphorical extension this is often applied to money: it is used instrumentally, in order to obtain (...)
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  2. Suppression, Resolve, and Habit in Everyday Financial Behaviour.Stephen E. G. Lea - 2021 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 44.
    Everyday financial behaviour involves inter-temporal choices, between saving, spending, and debt. Consumers do not always take these decisions to their best advantage. Ainslie's analysis of the means to willpower as suppression, resolve, and habit is potentially applicable to understanding and improving the decisions that consumers make. Some relevant research on these topics exists, and it is briefly reviewed here.
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  3.  30
    Money: Motivation, Metaphors, and Mores.Stephen E. G. Lea & Paul Webley - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):196-204.
    Our response amplifies our case that money is best seen as both a drug and a tool. Some commentators challenge our core assumptions: In this response we, therefore, explain in more detail why we assume that money is an exceptionally strong motivator, and that a biological explanation of money motivation is required. We also provide evidence to support those assumptions. Other commentators criticise our use of the drug metaphor, particularly arguing that it is empirically empty; and in our response we (...)
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  4.  11
    Extending the Evolutionary and Economic Analysis of Intertemporal Choice.Stephen E. G. Lea & Roger M. Tarpy - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (2):419-420.
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  5.  11
    Learning as a Constraint on Obligatory Responding.Stephen E. G. Lea & Marie Midgley - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (3):459.
  6.  20
    Why Optimality is Not Worth Arguing About.Stephen E. G. Lea - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (2):225-225.
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  7.  43
    Intentionality, Mind and Folk Psychology.Winand H. Dittrich & Stephen E. G. Lea - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):39-41.
    The comment addresses central issues of a "theory theory" approach as exemplified in Gopnik' and Goldman's BBS-articles. Gopnik, on the one hand, tries to demonstrate that empirical evidence from developmental psychology supports the view of a "theory theory" in which common sense beliefs are constructed to explain ourselves and others. Focusing the informational processing routes possibly involved we would like to argue that his main thesis (e.g. idea of intentionality as a cognitive construct) lacks support at least for two reasons: (...)
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  8.  13
    The Descent of Mind: Psychological Perspectives on Hominid Evolution. Edited by Michael C. Corballis & Stephen E. G. Lea. Pp. 355. (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1999.) £45.00 Hardback, ISBN 0-19-852419-6. [REVIEW]Robin Dunbar - 2000 - Journal of Biosocial Science 32 (3):421-432.
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  9. The Descent of Mind: Psychological Perspectives on Hominid Evolution.Michael Corballis & Stephen E. G. Lea (eds.) - 2000 - Oxford University Press UK.
    '... this book to open up exciting new dimensions in the study of human evolution' Robin Dunbar School of Biological Sciences, Liverpool 'The book is billed as being of interest to a multi-disciplinary audience and meets its aim of befitting advanced students and researchers in evolutionary psychology, anthropology, evolution and palaeontology' QJEP Section BTo most people it seems obvious that there are major mental differences between ourselves and other species, but there is considerable debate over exactly how special our minds (...)
     
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  10. Descent of Mind.Michael Corballis & Stephen E. G. Lea (eds.) - 2000 - Oxford University Press UK.
    '... this book to open up exciting new dimensions in the study of human evolution' Robin Dunbar School of Biological Sciences, Liverpool 'The book is billed as being of interest to a multi-disciplinary audience and meets its aim of befitting advanced students and researchers in evolutionary psychology, anthropology, evolution and palaeontology' QJEP Section BTo most people it seems obvious that there are major mental differences between ourselves and other species, but there is considerable debate over exactly how special our minds (...)
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  11.  30
    The Making of Human Concepts.Denis Mareschal, Paul Quinn & Stephen E. G. Lea (eds.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Human adults appear different from other animals in their ability to form abstract mental representations that go beyond perceptual similarity. In short, they can conceptualize the world. This book brings together leading psychologists and neuroscientists to tackle the age-old puzzle of what might be unique about human concepts.
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  12. The Making of Human Concepts: A Final Look.Denis Mareschal, Paul C. Quinn & Stephen E. G. Lea - 2010 - In Denis Mareschal, Paul Quinn & Stephen E. G. Lea (eds.), The Making of Human Concepts. Oxford University Press.
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  13.  5
    Disentangling Learning From Knowing: Does Associative Learning Ability Underlie Performances on Cognitive Test Batteries?Jayden O. van Horik & Stephen E. G. Lea - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  14.  3
    The Descent of Mind: Psychological Perspectives on Hominid Evolution.Michael C. Corballis & S. E. G. Lea - 1999 - Oxford University Press, Usa.
    To most people it seems obvious that there are major mental differences between ourselves and other species, but there is considerable debate over exactly how special our minds are, in what respects, and which were the critical evolutionary events that have shaped us. Some researchers claimlanguage as a solely human, even defining, attribute, while others claim that only humans are truly conscious. These questions have been explored mainly by archaeologists and anthropologists until recently, but this volume aims to show what (...)
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  15.  5
    Optimality: Sequences, Variability, Learning.S. E. G. Lea - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (2):343-343.
  16.  36
    Book Review:Knowing Who Stephen E. Boer, William G. Lycan. [REVIEW]Kim Sterelny - 1988 - Philosophy of Science 55 (4):654-.
  17.  30
    Knowing Who by Stephen E. Boer, William G. Lycan.K. Sterelny - 1988 - Philosophy of Science 55 (4):654-656.
  18. Reason and Value: Making Reasoning Fit for Practice.Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm, Stephen Buetow, Ross E. G. Upshur, Maya J. Goldenberg, Kirstin Borgerson, Vikki Entwistle & Elselijn Kingma - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):929-937.
    Editors' introduction to 3rd thematic issue on philosophy of medicine.
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  19.  31
    Not an Alternative Model for Intentionality in Vision.R. Brown, D. C. Earle & S. E. G. Lea - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):138-139.
  20.  64
    Explanation, Understanding, Objectivity and Experience.Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm, Drozdstoj S. Stoyanov, Stephen Buetow, Ross E. G. Upshur, Kirstin Borgerson, Maya J. Goldenberg & Elselijn Kingma - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (3):415-421.
  21. Stephen E. Boër and William G. Lycan, Knowing Who Reviewed By.Robert M. Martin - 1987 - Philosophy in Review 7 (1):3-5.
     
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  22. Stephen E. Boër and William G. Lycan, Knowing Who. [REVIEW]Robert Martin - 1987 - Philosophy in Review 7:3-5.
     
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  23. Philosophy, Medicine and Health Care – Where We Have Come From and Where We Are Going.Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm, Jonathan Fuller, Stephen Buetow, Ross E. G. Upshur, Kirstin Borgerson, Maya J. Goldenberg & Elselijn Kingma - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):902-907.
  24. Comparative-Evolutionary Psychology.MС Corballis & S. E. G. Lea - 2000 - In Kurt Pawlik & Mark R. Rosenzweig (eds.), International Handbook of Psychology. Sage Publications.
     
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  25.  98
    Virtue, Progress and Practice.Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm, Stephen Buetow, Ross E. G. Upshur, Maya J. Goldenberg, Kirstin Borgerson & Vikki Entwistle - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):839-846.
  26.  5
    Homeostasis, Elasticity, and Reinforcer Interactions.S. E. G. Lea - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (1):109-109.
  27.  10
    Optimization and Flexibility.S. E. G. Lea & S. M. Dow - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (1):110.
  28.  8
    Substitutability, the Form of Indifference Contours, and Some Pitfalls for a Maximization Paradigm.S. E. G. Lea - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (2):326-327.
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  29.  84
    Searching for General Principles in Cognitive Performance: Reply to Commentators.Damian G. Stephen & Guy Van Orden - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (1):94-102.
    The commentators expressed concerns regarding the relevance and value of non-computational non-symbolic explanations of cognitive performance. But what counts as an “explanation” depends on the pre-theoretical assumptions behind the scenes of empirical science regarding the kinds of variables and relationships that are sought out in the first place, and some of the present disagreements stem from incommensurate assumptions. Traditional cognitive science presumes cognition to be a decomposable system of components interacting according to computational rules to generate cognitive performances (i.e., component-dominant (...)
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  30.  3
    Using Research Agreements to Build Respectful, Publication-Grade Scholarly Relationships in Liberal-Arts Settings.Lauren E. Bloomfield, Nicole S. Carver & Damian G. Kelty-Stephen - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  31.  72
    New Books. [REVIEW]John Rawls, Stephen Toulmin, G. J. Warnock, B. E. King, R. F. Holland & C. K. Grant - 1955 - Mind 64 (255):421-432.
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  32.  8
    Book Review:Ethics in Theory and Practice. Thomas E. Hill. [REVIEW]Robert G. Stephens - 1957 - Ethics 67 (2):144-.
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  33.  21
    Subsystems of Second Order Arithmetic.Stephen G. Simpson - 1999 - Springer Verlag.
    Stephen George Simpson. with definition 1.2.3 and the discussion following it. For example, taking 90(n) to be the formula n §E Y, we have an instance of comprehension, VYEIXVn(n€X<—>n¢Y), asserting that for any given set Y there exists a ...
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  34. Multifractal Dynamics in the Emergence of Cognitive Structure.James A. Dixon, John G. Holden, Daniel Mirman & Damian G. Stephen - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (1):51-62.
    The complex-systems approach to cognitive science seeks to move beyond the formalism of information exchange and to situate cognition within the broader formalism of energy flow. Changes in cognitive performance exhibit a fractal (i.e., power-law) relationship between size and time scale. These fractal fluctuations reflect the flow of energy at all scales governing cognition. Information transfer, as traditionally understood in the cognitive sciences, may be a subset of this multiscale energy flow. The cognitive system exhibits not just a single power-law (...)
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  35.  7
    Review of Gregory E. Kaebnick, Humans in Nature: The World as We Find It and the World as We Create It. [REVIEW]Piers H. G. Stephens - 2015 - Environmental Values 24 (3):428-430.
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  36.  56
    New Books. [REVIEW]J. N. Findlay, T. D. Weldon, Stuart Hampshire, David Hamlyn, Stephen Toulmin, G. E. L. Owen, Bernard Mayo & Robert Thomson - 1952 - Mind 61 (242):276-295.
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  37.  16
    Routine, Empathic and Compassionate Patient Care: Definitions, Development, Obstacles, Education and Beneficiaries.Stephen G. Post, Lauren E. Ng, Janet E. Fischel, Mary Bennett, Linda Bily, Latha Chandran, Jeremiah Joyce, Briana Locicero, Kelly McGovern, Robyn L. McKeefrey, Jackie V. Rodriguez & Michael W. Roess - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):872-880.
  38.  28
    Infertility Treatment and Multiple Birth Rates in Britain, 1938–94.M. Murphy, K. Hey, J. Brown, B. Willis, J. D. Ellis, D. Barlow, A. Chandra, E. H. Stephen, C. Nilses & G. Lindmark - 1997 - Journal of Biosocial Science 29 (2):235-43.
  39.  26
    On Moral Medicine: Edited by Stephen E Lammers and Allen Verhey, Grand Rapids, Michigan, Wm B Eerdmans, 1998, 1,004 Pages, Pound32.99 (Sc), US$49.00. [REVIEW]G. R. Dunstan - 2000 - Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (1):77-77.
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  40.  15
    The Metaphysics of G. E. Moore. By David O'Connor.G. Lynn Stephens - 1984 - Modern Schoolman 61 (4):272-272.
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  41. Reductionism in Ethics and Science: A Contemporary Look at G. E. Moore's Open-Question Argument.Stephen W. Ball - 1988 - American Philosophical Quarterly 25 (3):197 - 213.
  42.  12
    Short Duration Repetitive Transcranial Electrical Stimulation During Sleep Enhances Declarative Memory of Facts.Nicola Cellini, Renee E. Shimizu, Patrick M. Connolly, Diana M. Armstrong, Lexus T. Hernandez, Anthony G. Polakiewicz, Rolando Estrada, Mario Aguilar-Simon, Michael P. Weisend, Sara C. Mednick & Stephen B. Simons - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  43.  11
    On Moral Medicine: Edited by Stephen E Lammers and Allen Verhey, Grand Rapids, Michigan, Wm B Eerdmans, 1998, 1,004 Pages, Pound32.99 (Sc), US$49.00.G. R. Dunstan - 2000 - Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (1):77.
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  44.  28
    Almost Everywhere Domination and Superhighness.Stephen G. Simpson - 2007 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 53 (4):462-482.
    Let ω be the set of natural numbers. For functions f, g: ω → ω, we say f is dominated by g if f < g for all but finitely many n ∈ ω. We consider the standard “fair coin” probability measure on the space 2ω of in-finite sequences of 0's and 1's. A Turing oracle B is said to be almost everywhere dominating if, for measure 1 many X ∈ 2ω, each function which is Turing computable from X is (...)
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  45.  35
    Which Set Existence Axioms Are Needed to Prove the Cauchy/Peano Theorem for Ordinary Differential Equations?Stephen G. Simpson - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (3):783-802.
    We investigate the provability or nonprovability of certain ordinary mathematical theorems within certain weak subsystems of second order arithmetic. Specifically, we consider the Cauchy/Peano existence theorem for solutions of ordinary differential equations, in the context of the formal system RCA 0 whose principal axioms are ▵ 0 1 comprehension and Σ 0 1 induction. Our main result is that, over RCA 0 , the Cauchy/Peano Theorem is provably equivalent to weak Konig's lemma, i.e. the statement that every infinite {0, 1}-tree (...)
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  46.  16
    The Wellesley Index to Victorian Periodicals 1824-1900. Walter E. Houghton, Josef L. Altholz, Eileen Curran, Harold E. Dailey, Esther Roads Houghton, John A. Lester, Jr. [REVIEW]Stephen G. Brush - 1967 - Isis 58 (2):251-253.
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  47.  7
    (G.) Ierano Il ditirambo di Dionisio. Le testimonianze antiche. Pisa: Istituti Editoriali e Poligrafici Internazionali, 1997. Pp. 428. 8881471094. L100, 000. [REVIEW]Stephen Instone - 2001 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 121:183-184.
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  48.  26
    G. W. Leibniz. The Leibniz–Arnauld Correspondence: With Selections From the Correspondence with Ernst, Landgrave of Hessen-Rheinfels. Text Established and Translated by Stephen Voss. Lix + 410 Pp., App., Notes, Bibl., Index. New Haven, Conn./London: Yale University Press, 2016. $125 . ISBN 9780300206531.G. W. Leibniz. The Leibniz–Stahl Controversy. Translated and Edited by François Duchesneau and Justin E. H. Smith. Lxxxix + 443 Pp., Notes, Index. New Haven, Conn./London: Yale University Press, 2016. $125 . ISBN 9780300161144. [REVIEW]Richard T. W. Arthur - 2019 - Isis 110 (2):408-410.
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  49.  18
    G. E. Moore’s Ethical Theory.Stephen Ball - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 57 (2):415-419.
    This book is one of the best on the history of ethics—and arguably, on ethical theory more generally—to appear in many years. Readers should consider whether either of these two statements is even an understatement.
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  50.  23
    Mass Problems and Measure-Theoretic Regularity.Stephen G. Simpson - 2009 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 15 (4):385-409.
    A well known fact is that every Lebesgue measurable set is regular, i.e., it includes an F$_{\sigma}$ set of the same measure. We analyze this fact from a metamathematical or foundational standpoint. We study a family of Muchnik degrees corresponding to measure-theoretic regularity at all levels of the effective Borel hierarchy. We prove some new results concerning Nies's notion of LR-reducibility. We build some $\omega$-models of RCA$_0$which are relevant for the reverse mathematics of measure-theoretic regularity.
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