Results for 'Wolfgang Metzger'

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  1.  4
    Dieter Blume;, Mechthild Haffner;, Wolfgang Metzger. Sternbilder des Mittelalters: Der gemalte Himmel zwischen Wissenschaft und Phantasie. Volume 1: 800–1200. 2 volumes. 1,054 pp., bibl., index. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2012. €298. [REVIEW]Richard L. Kremer - 2015 - Isis 106 (3):705-707.
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  2.  35
    Good Gestalt: Metzger on Seeing: Wolfgang Metzger: Laws of Seeing, Trans. Lothar Spillman, Steven Lehar, Mimsey Stromeyer, and Michael Wertheimer. MIT Press, 2009, Xxv + 203 Pp, £18.95 PB. [REVIEW]Gary Hatfield - 2011 - Metascience 20 (1):81-85.
    Review of Wolfgang Metzger, Laws of Seeing, trans. Lothar Spillman, Steven Lehar, Mimsey Stromeyer, and Michael Wertheimer. MIT Press, 2006; paperback, 2009. Pp. xxv+203. £18.95 PB. Original German edition published in 1936.
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  3.  9
    Democracy as a Good Form of Coexistence: Education for Tolerance and Co-Responsibility in Freedom in the Scriptures of Kurt Lewin and Wolfgang Metzger.Marianne Soff - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (2):149-174.
    Summary In this article, classical writings of Kurt Lewin and Wolfgang Metzger concerning education for democracy and tolerance are presented. Starting with a definition of „group” and the discussion of the meaning of groups for the individual life, especially the experimental studies of Kurt Lewin, Ronald Lippitt and Raph K. White in 1937/38 on different group atmospheres under the influence of „democratic” vs. „autocratic” vs. „laissez faire” leading style are presented again, in order to give an example for (...)
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  4.  3
    Arnold Metzger's "Freiheit Und Tod". [REVIEW]Wolfgang Schwarz - 1973 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33 (3):445.
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  5. Das Bild des Menschen in der neueren Psychologie.Wolfgang Metzger - forthcoming - Studium.
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  6. Laws of Seeing.Wolfgang Metzger - 2009 - MIT Press.
     
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  7.  15
    Demokratie als Gute Ordnung des Zusammenlebens Erziehung zu Toleranz und Mitverantwortung in Freiheit bei Kurt Lewin und Wolfgang.Marianne Soff - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (2):149-174.
    Summary In this article, classical writings of Kurt Lewin and Wolfgang Metzger concerning education for democracy and tolerance are presented. Starting with a definition of „group” and the discussion of the meaning of groups for the individual life, especially the experimental studies of Kurt Lewin, Ronald Lippitt and Raph K. White in 1937/38 on different group atmospheres under the influence of „democratic” vs. „autocratic” vs. „laissez faire” leading style are presented again, in order to give an example for (...)
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  8.  3
    Laws of Seeing.Lothar Spillmann (ed.) - 2009 - MIT Press.
    This classic work in vision science, written by a leading figure in Germany's Gestalt movement in psychology and first published in 1936, addresses topics that remain of major interest to vision researchers today. Wolfgang Metzger's main argument, drawn from Gestalt theory, is that the objects we perceive in visual experience are not the objects themselves but perceptual effigies of those objects constructed by our brain according to natural rules. Gestalt concepts are currently being increasingly integrated into mainstream neuroscience (...)
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  9.  15
    Carne e espelho em Merleau-Ponty.Emmanuel de Saint Aubert - 2012 - Doispontos 9 (1).
    Interwoven with natural structurations and personal history, the flesh , in Merleau-Ponty's gradually-forged conception, is nourished by the combined influences of neurology, Gestalt psychology and psychoanalysis. This triple influence undergirds a recurring theme in his later writings: the mirror . "The flesh is a mirror phenomenon," Merleau-Ponty tells us. The unpublished manuscripts reveal that this famous clause refers neither directly to Husserl, nor to Wallon and Lacan, but is driven by contemporary readings of Paul Schilder and Wolfgang Metzger, (...)
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  10.  12
    Ergänzende Veröffentlichungen von Wolfgang Welsch zum Thema Postmoderne.Wolfgang Welsch - 2008 - In Unsere Postmoderne Moderne. Akademie Verlag. pp. 329-330.
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  11.  7
    Metzger, Wilhelm. DieEpochen der Schellingschen Philosophie von 1795 bis 1802.Wilhelm Metzger - 1911 - Kant-Studien 16 (1-3).
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  12. Études Sur Hélène Metzger = Studies on Hélène Metzger.Gad Freudenthal & Hélène Metzger - 1990
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  13. The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and its Philosophical Applications.Wolfgang Spohn - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Wolfgang Spohn presents the first full account of the dynamic laws of belief, by means of ranking theory. This book is his long-awaited presentation of ranking theory and its ramifications.
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  14. Wolfgang Pauli Und C.G. Jung Ein Briefwechsel, 1932-1958.Wolfgang Pauli, C. A. Meier, Charles P. Enz, Markus Fierz & C. G. Jung - 1992
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  15.  15
    Revolution und Philosophie Wolfgang Schubardt, Revolution und Philosophie.Wolfgang Schubardt - 1957 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 5 (5):535.
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  16.  44
    Five Questions : Wolfgang Spohn.Wolfgang Spohn - unknown
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  17. Wolfgang Motsch.Wolfgang Steinitz Zum Gedenken - forthcoming - Foundations of Language.
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  18. Subjektivität Und Metaphysik Festschrift Für Wolfgang Cramer.Dieter Henrich, Wolfgang Cramer & Hans Wagner - 1966 - Klostermann.
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  19.  18
    Escape From Predicament: Neo-Confucianism and China's Evolving Political Culture.Thomas A. Metzger - 1978 - Philosophy East and West 28 (4):503-509.
  20. Wolfgang Neuser (Hg.): Naturwissenschaft Und Methode in Hegels Naturphilosophie.Wolfgang Bonsiepen - 2009 - Hegel-Studien 44:218.
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  21.  27
    Wolfgang Künne: Abstrakte Gegenstände - Semantik Und Ontotogie.Wolfgang Carl - 1985 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 24 (1):197-204.
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    Interview: Wolfgang Iser.Wolfgang Iser, Norman N. Holland & Wayne Booth - 1980 - Diacritics 10 (2):57.
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  23.  21
    The Organization of Ethics and the Ethics of Organizations: The Case for Expanded Organizational Ethics Audits.Michael Metzger, Dan R. Dalton & John W. Hill - 1993 - Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (1):27.
    The United States Sentencing Commission’s guidelines for the sentencing of organizations found guilty of violating federal laws recently became effective. Dramatically increased penalties are possible under these gudelines, but so too is a substantial reduction in the penalties imposed on organizations that have an effective program in place to prevent and detect violations. This provides corporations with a tremendous new incentive in inaugurate organizational ethics audits both to avoid violations in the first instance and to reduce the penalty imposed in (...)
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  24. The Structure and Dynamics of Theories.Wolfgang Stegmüller - 1976 - Springer Verlag.
     
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  25.  7
    Reply to Jim Woodward’s Comments on Wolfgang Spohn’s Laws of Belief.Wolfgang Spohn - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (4):773-784.
    This is one of a pair of discussion notes comparing some features of the account of causation in Wolfgang Spohn’s Laws of Belief with the “interventionist” account in James Woodward’s Making Things Happen. This note locates the core difference of the accounts in the fact that Woodward’s account follows an epistemological order, while Spohn’s follows a conceptual order. This unfolds in five further differences: type- versus token-level causation, reference to time, actual/counterfactual intervention versus epistemic/suppositional wiggling, a circular versus a (...)
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  26. Nietzsche, Nihilism, and the Philosophy of the Future.Jeffrey A. Metzger (ed.) - 2009 - Continuum.
    Nietzsche, Nihilism and the Philosophy of the Future examines Nietzsche's analysis of and response to contemporary nihilism, the sense that nothing has value or ...
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  27.  22
    Towards Candor, Cooperation, & Privacy in Applied Business Ethics Research: The Randomized Response Technique.Michael B. Metzger - 1992 - Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (2):207-221.
    Virtually every empirical inquiry of issues relevant to applied business ethics involves the asking of questions that are sensitive, embarrassing, threatening, stigmatizing, or incriminating. Accordingly, questions of this sort are likely to result in unsatisfactory outcomes: 1) many individuals will not respond; and/or, 2) many individuals will not respond candidly. An obvious objective, then, is to use a method to collect information which increases participation, provides absolute anonymity, and does not jeopardize subjects' privacy. The randomized response technique is a method (...)
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  28. The Borders of Historical Empathy: Students Encounter the Holocaust Through Film1.Scott Alan Metzger - 2012 - Journal of Social Studies Research 36 (4):387-410.
  29.  90
    The Structuralist View of Theories: A Possible Analogue of the Bourbaki Programme in Physical Science.Wolfgang Stegmüller - 1979 - Springer Verlag.
    This is the basis of the first part of the book.
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  30. Against Magnetism.Wolfgang Schwarz - 2014 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (1):17-36.
    Magnetism in meta-semantics is the view that the meaning of our words is determined in part by their use and in part by the objective naturalness of candidate meanings. This hypothesis is commonly attributed to David Lewis, and has been put to philosophical work by Brian Weatherson, Ted Sider and others. I argue that there is no evidence that Lewis ever endorsed the view, and that his actual account of language reveals good reasons against it.
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  31. How Deep Are the Roots of Nihilism? : Nietzsche on the Creative Power of Nature and Morality.Jeffrey Metzger - 2009 - In Jeffrey A. Metzger (ed.), Nietzsche, Nihilism, and the Philosophy of the Future. Continuum.
     
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  32.  10
    Religionsphilosophie oder philosophische Theologie? Eine Kontroverse zwischen Wolfgang Trillhaas und Wilhelm Weischedel.Wolfgang Trillhaas - 1973 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 15 (1):87-101.
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  33. Variational Principles in Dynamics and Quantum Theory [by] Wolfgang Yourgrau [and] Stanley Mandelstam.Wolfgang Yourgrau & Stanley Mandelstam - 1968 - Pitman.
     
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  34. Variational Principles in Dynamics and Quantum Theory [by] Wolfgang Yourgrau [and] Stanley Mandelstam. --.Wolfgang Yourgrau & Stanley Jt Author Mandelstam - 1968 - Saunders.
     
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  35.  14
    Hélène Metzger and the Interpretation of Seventeenth Century Chemistry.Jan Golinski - 1987 - History of Science 25 (1):85-97.
  36.  87
    Corporate Philanthropy in the U.K. 1985–2000 Some Empirical Findings.David Campbell, Geoff Moore & Matthias Metzger - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 39 (1-2):29 - 41.
    This paper briefly reviews the theories that seek to explain the phenomenon of corporate charitable donations and then provides a review of the empirical issues that have arisen in previous studies in this area. The findings of an analysis of charitable donations data from the entire U.K. FTSE index for the years 1985–2000 are then reported. These findings include the observation of a time-related increase in charitable donations, which is compared with an earlier study to give a 24 year history (...)
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  37. Ordinal Conditional Functions. A Dynamic Theory of Epistemic States.Wolfgang Spohn - 1988 - In W. L. Harper & B. Skyrms (eds.), Causation in Decision, Belief Change, and Statistics, vol. II. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    It is natural and important to have a formal representation of plain belief, according to which propositions are held true, or held false, or neither. (In the paper this is called a deterministic representation of epistemic states). And it is of great philosophical importance to have a dynamic account of plain belief. AGM belief revision theory seems to provide such an account, but it founders at the problem of iterated belief revision, since it can generally account only for one step (...)
     
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  38.  70
    A Ranking‐Theoretic Approach to Conditionals.Wolfgang Spohn - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (6):1074-1106.
    Conditionals somehow express conditional beliefs. However, conditional belief is a bi-propositional attitude that is generally not truth-evaluable, in contrast to unconditional belief. Therefore, this article opts for an expressivistic semantics for conditionals, grounds this semantics in the arguably most adequate account of conditional belief, that is, ranking theory, and dismisses probability theory for that purpose, because probabilities cannot represent belief. Various expressive options are then explained in terms of ranking theory, with the intention to set out a general interpretive scheme (...)
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  39.  7
    La Philosophie de la Matiere Chez Stahl Et Ses Disciples.Helene Metzger - 1926 - Isis 8 (3):427-464.
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  40. Causation: An Alternative.Wolfgang Spohn - 2006 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (1):93-119.
    The paper builds on the basically Humean idea that A is a cause of B iff A and B both occur, A precedes B, and A raises the metaphysical or epistemic status of B given the obtaining circumstances. It argues that in pursuit of a theory of deterministic causation this ‘status raising’ is best explicated not in regularity or counterfactual terms, but in terms of ranking functions. On this basis, it constructs a rigorous theory of deterministic causation that successfully deals (...)
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  41.  48
    Conditionals: A Unifying Ranking-Theoretic Perspective.Wolfgang Spohn - 2015 - Philosophers' Imprint 15.
    The paper takes an expressivistic perspective, i.e., it takes conditionals of all sorts to primarily express conditional beliefs. Therefore it is based on what it takes to be the best account of conditional belief, namely ranking theory. It proposes not to start looking at the bewildering linguistic phenomenology, but first to systematically study the various options of expressing features of conditional belief. Those options by far transcend the Ramsey test and include relevancies of various kinds and in particular the so-called (...)
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  42.  11
    La Theorie de la Composition des Sels Et la Theorie de la Combustion d'Apres Stahl Et Ses Disciples.Helene Metzger - 1927 - Isis 9 (2):294-325.
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  43. Changing Minds in a Changing World.Wolfgang Schwarz - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 159 (2):219-239.
    I defend a general rule for updating beliefs that takes into account both the impact of new evidence and changes in the subject’s location. The rule combines standard conditioning with a shifting operation that moves the center of each doxastic possibility forward to the next point where information arrives. I show that well-known arguments for conditioning lead to this combination when centered information is taken into account. I also discuss how my proposal relates to other recent proposals, what results it (...)
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  44.  94
    Examining the Decision Process of Students' Cheating Behavior: An Empirical Study. [REVIEW]Richard A. Bernardi, Rene L. Metzger, Ryann G. Scofield Bruno, Marisa A. Wade Hoogkamp, Lillian E. Reyes & Gary H. Barnaby - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 50 (4):397-414.
    This research examines the association between attitudes on cheating and cognitive moral development. In this research, we use Rest's (1979a) Defining Issues Test, the Attitudes on Honesty Scale (Authors) and Academic Integrity Index (Authors); the last two are adaptations of the DIT. A total of 220 students from three universities participated in the study (66 psychology majors and 154 business majors). The data indicate that 66.4 percent of the students reported that they cheated in high school, college, or both high (...)
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  45. A Survey of Ranking Theory.Wolfgang Spohn - 2009 - In Franz Huber & Christoph Schmidt-Petri (eds.), Degrees of Belief. Springer.
    "A Survey of Ranking Theory": The paper gives an up-to-date survey of ranking theory. It carefully explains the basics. It elaborates on the ranking theoretic explication of reasons and their balance. It explains the dynamics of belief statable in ranking terms and indicates how the ranks can thereby be measured. It suggests how the theory of Bayesian nets can be carried over to ranking theory. It indicates what it might mean to objectify ranks. It discusses the formal and the philosophical (...)
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  46.  83
    Undoing Aesthetics.Wolfgang Welsch - 1997 - Sage Publications.
    Wolfgang Welsch examines global aestheticization phenomena, probes the relationship of aesthetics and ethics, and considers the broad relevance of aesthetics for contemporary thinking. He argues that modes of thought familiar from the aesthetic realm comprise fundamental paradigms for understanding todayÆs reality. The implications for specific and everyday issues are demonstrated in studies of architecture, advertising, the Internet, and our perception of the life world. Surgically precise, innovative, and, above all, relevant, this book is an essential resource, providing the analysis (...)
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  47.  57
    On Seeing: Remarks on Metzger’s Laws of Seeing. [REVIEW]Liliana Albertazzi - 2011 - Axiomathes 21 (4):581-595.
    Nowadays cognitive science often views sensorial presentations and mental presentations as mutually exclusive, and they are also given separate treatment by neurophysiologists and by cognitive scientists, and some phenomena (like anomalous surfaces or various types of imagery) are reduced to either the former or the latter. Since no adequate methods for its investigation have been developed, the level of perceptual experiences analysed by Gestaltists and magnificently illustrated by Metzger in his Laws of Seeing remains unexplored. Starting from Metzger’s (...)
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  48.  50
    Where Luce and Krantz Do Really Generalize Savage's Decision Model.Wolfgang Spohn - 1977 - Erkenntnis 11 (1):113 - 134.
  49. Von Rang Und Namen. Philosophical Essays in Honour of Wolfgang Spohn (Edited Book).Wolfgang Freitag, Hans Rott, Holger Sturm & Alexandra Zinke (eds.) - 2016 - Münster, Germany: Mentis.
    This collection includes twenty original philosophical essays in honour of Wolfgang Spohn. The contributions mirror the scope of Wolfgang Spohn’s work. They address topics from epistemology (e.g., the theory of ranking functions, belief revision, and the nature of knowledge and belief), philosophy of science (e.g., causation, induction, and laws of nature), the philosophy of language (e.g., the theory of meaning and the semantics of counterfactuals), and the philosophy of mind (e.g., intentionality and free will), as well as problems (...)
     
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  50.  71
    The Measurement of Ranks and the Laws of Iterated Contraction.Wolfgang Spohn & Matthias Hild - 2008 - Artificial Intelligence 172:1195-1218.
    Ranking theory delivers an account of iterated contraction; each ranking function induces a specific iterated contraction behavior. The paper shows how to reconstruct a ranking function from its iterated contraction behavior uniquely up to multiplicative constant and thus how to measure ranks on a ratio scale. Thereby, it also shows how to completely axiomatize that behavior. The complete set of laws of iterated contraction it specifies amend the laws hitherto discussed in the literature.
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