Results for 'Eckhart Arnold'

999 found
Order:
  1.  13
    Homepage Eckhart Arnold.Eckhart Arnold (ed.) - 2001 - Munich: Preprint.
  2. Tools for Evaluating the Consequences of Prior Knowledge, but No Experiments. On the Role of Computer Simulations in Science.Eckhart Arnold - manuscript
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  9
    The Dark Side of the Force. When Computer Simulations Lead Us Astray and Model Think Narrows Our Imagination.Eckhart Arnold - 2006 - In Homepage Eckhart Arnold. Preprint.
  4.  53
    Validation of Computer Simulations From a Kuhnian Perspective.Eckhart Arnold - 2019 - In Claus Beisbart & Nicole J. Saam (eds.), Computer Simulation Validation - Fundamental Concepts, Methodological Frameworks, and Philosophical Perspectives. Heidelberg, Deutschland: Springer. pp. 203-224.
    While Thomas Kuhn's theory of scientific revolutions does not specifically deal with validation, the validation of simulations can be related in various ways to Kuhn's theory: 1) Computer simulations are sometimes depicted as located between experiments and theoretical reasoning, thus potentially blurring the line between theory and empirical research. Does this require a new kind of research logic that is different from the classical paradigm which clearly distinguishes between theory and empirical observation? I argue that this is not the case. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. When Can a Computer Simulation Act as Substitute for an Experiment? A Case-Study From Chemisty.Johannes Kästner & Eckhart Arnold - manuscript
    In this paper we investigate with a case study from chemistry under what conditions a simulation can serve as a surrogate for an experiment. The case-study concerns a simulation of H2-formation in outer space. We find that in this case the simulation can act as a surrogate for an experiment, because there exists comprehensive theoretical background knowledge in form of quantum mechanics about the range of phenomena to which the investigated process belongs and because any particular modelling assumptions as can (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  10
    1. Marr on Computational-Level Theories Marr on Computational-Level Theories (Pp. 477-500).Oron Shagrir, John D. Norton, Holger Andreas, Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen, Aris Spanos, Eckhart Arnold, Elliott Sober, Peter Gildenhuys & Adela Helena Roszkowski - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (4):477-500.
  7. Can the Best-Alternative Justification Solve Hume’s Problem? On the Limits of a Promising Approach.Eckhart Arnold - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (4):584-593.
    In a recent Philosophy of Science article Gerhard Schurz proposes meta-inductivistic prediction strategies as a new approach to Hume's. This comment examines the limitations of Schurz's approach. It can be proven that the meta-inductivist approach does not work any more if the meta-inductivists have to face an infinite number of alternative predictors. With his limitation it remains doubtful whether the meta-inductivist can provide a full solution to the problem of induction.
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  8. Eine unvollendete Aufgabe: Die politische Philosophie von Kants Friedensschrift.Eckhart Arnold - 2006 - In Nebil Reyhani (ed.), Immanuel Kant. Essays Presented at the MuäŸla University International Kant Symposium. Vadi Yayä±Nlarä±. pp. 496-512.
    In this paper Kant's "perpetual peace" is being interpreted as a realistic utopia. Kant's "perpetual peace" remains an utopia even today in the sense that the described perpetual world peace is still a long way to go from today's state of world politics. But Kant also tried to show that the utopian scenario is possible under realistic assumptions. Therefore this essay examines the question, if Kant's basic assumptions - such as for example the assumption that democracies are generally non aggressive (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. Explaining Altruism. A Simulation-Based Approach and its Limits.Eckhart Arnold - 2008 - Ontos Verlag.
    Employing computer simulations for the study of the evolution of altruism has been popular since Axelrod's book "The Evolution of Cooperation". But have the myriads of simulation studies that followed in Axelrod's footsteps really increased our knowledge about the evolution of altruism or cooperation? This book examines in detail the working mechanisms of simulation based evolutionary explanations of altruism. It shows that the "theoretical insights" that can be derived from simulation studies are often quite arbitrary and of little use for (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  10.  65
    Simulation Models of the Evolution of Cooperation as Proofs of Logical Possibilities. How Useful Are They?Eckhart Arnold - 2013 - Ethics and Politics 2 (XV):101-138.
    This paper discusses critically what simulation models of the evolution of cooperation can possibly prove by examining Axelrod’s “Evolution of Cooperation” (1984) and the modeling tradition it has inspired. Hardly any of the many simulation models in this tradition have been applicable empirically. Axelrod’s role model suggested a research design that seemingly allowed to draw general conclusions from simulation models even if the mechanisms that drive the simulation could not be identified empirically. But this research design was fundamentally flawed. At (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  11. Simulation Models of the Evolution of Cooperation as Proofs of Logical Possibilities. How Useful Are They?Eckhart Arnold - 2013 - Etica E Politica 15 (2):101-138.
    This paper discusses critically what simulation models of the evolution ofcooperation can possibly prove by examining Axelrod’s “Evolution of Cooperation” and the modeling tradition it has inspired. Hardly any of the many simulation models of the evolution of cooperation in this tradition have been applicable empirically. Axelrod’s role model suggested a research design that seemingly allowed to draw general conclusions from simulation models even if the mechanisms that drive the simulation could not be identified empirically. But this research design was (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12. What’s Wrong with Social Simulations?Eckhart Arnold - 2014 - The Monist 97 (3):359-377.
    This paper tries to answer the question why the epistemic value of so many social simulations is questionable. I consider the epistemic value of a social simulation as questionable if it contributes neither directly nor indirectly to the understanding of empirical reality. To examine this question, two classical social simulations are analyzed with respect to their possible epistemic justification: Schelling’s neighborhood segregation model and Axelrod’s reiterated Prisoner’s Dilemma simulations of the evolution of cooperation. It is argued that Schelling’s simulation is (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  13.  80
    The Dark Side of the Force: When Computer Simulations Lead Us Astray and ``Model Think'' Narrows Our Imagination.Eckhart Arnold - manuscript
    This paper is intended as a critical examination of the question of when the use of computer simulations is beneficial to scientific explanations. This objective is pursued in two steps: First, I try to establish clear criteria that simulations must meet in order to be explanatory. Basically, a simulation has explanatory power only if it includes all causally relevant factors of a given empirical configuration and if the simulation delivers stable results within the measurement inaccuracies of the input parameters. If (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  14. 2.Eckhart Arnold - 2004 - In Nachwort: Voegelins "Neue Wissenschaft" Im Lichte von Kelsens Kritik. Ontos Verlag. pp. 109-137.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  15.  37
    Wissenschaft Ohne Wahrheit Und Erkenntnis. Das Problem Epistemischer Verantwortung Am Beispiel Empirieferner Computersimulationen.Eckhart Arnold - 2013 - In Rafaela Hillerbrand & Florian Steger (eds.), Praxisfelder Angewandter Ethik. Ethische Orientierung in Medizin, Politik, Technik Und Wirtschaft. Paderborn: Mentis Verlag. pp. 309-331.
    Epistemic Responsibility means that scientists are responsible for their research being suitable to contribute to our understanding of the world, or at least some part of the world. As will be shown with the example of computer simulations in social sciences, this is unfortunately far from being understood as a matter of course. Rather, there exist whole research traditions in which the bulk of the contributions is quite free from any tangible purpose of enhancing our knowledge about anything. This essay (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. 14.Eckhart Arnold - 2015 - In Catrin Misselhorn (ed.), How Models Fail. A Critical Look at the History of Computer Simulations of the Evolution of Cooperation. Springer. pp. 261-279.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  17. Tools or Toys? On Specific Challenges for Modeling and the Epistemology of Models and Computer Simulations in the Social Sciences.Eckhart Arnold - manuscript
    Mathematical models are a well established tool in most natural sciences. Although models have been neglected by the philosophy of science for a long time, their epistemological status as a link between theory and reality is now fairly well understood. However, regarding the epistemological status of mathematical models in the social sciences, there still exists a considerable unclarity. In my paper I argue that this results from specific challenges that mathematical models and especially computer simulations face in the social sciences. (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  49
    How Models Fail.Eckhart Arnold - 1st ed. 2015 - In Catrin Misselhorn (ed.), Collective Agency and Cooperation in Natural and Artificial Systems. Springer Verlag.
    Simulation models of the Reiterated Prisoner's Dilemma (in the following: RPD-models) are since 30 years considered as one of the standard tools to study the evolution of cooperation (Rangoni 2013; Hoffmann 2000). A considerable number of such simulation models has been produced by scientists. Unfortunately, though, none of these models has empirically been verified and there exists no example of empirical research where any of the RPD-models has successfully been employed to a particular instance of cooperation. Surprisingly, this has not (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  25
    Die Fallstricke einer intentionalistischen Engführung der Geschichtsdeutung.Eckhart Arnold - 2015 - Erwã¤Gen Wissen Ethik 26:60-65.
    In this commentary I criticise Doris Gerber's intentionalistic reading of history. While an intentionalistic philosophy of history has some plausibility, a *purely* intentionalistic view is often irreconcilable with the most elementary common sense. For example, that history ought to be considered exclusively as the history of human action and not of things that simply happen to humans as well - like the outbreak of the volcano Vesuv in the year 79 which lead to the destructions of Pompeii. Or that historical (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  84
    Religiöses Bewusstsein und Politische Ordnung - Eine Kritik von Eric Voegelins Bewusstseinsphilosophie.Eckhart Arnold - 2007 - Grin Verlag.
    Eric Voegelin believed that a morally acceptable and in the long run successful political order (which meant for the emigrant Voegelin primarily an order that is resistant to totalitarianism) can only be built on the foundation of a healthy religiosity of the citizens and the political leaders. The question of what a healthy religiosity is was examined by Voegelin by recurring to intellectual history and to the philosophy of consciousness. In my book I offer a detailed criticism Voegelin's philosophy of (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. Mehr als nur Analogien? Zur Beziehung von kultureller und biologischer Evolution.Eckhart Arnold - 2005 - Erwägen Wissen Ethik 16 (3):372-374.
    This article is a commentary on another article by Burkhard Stephan in "Erwägen Wissen Ethik" (16/2005 Issue 3). The question is examined, whether there exist analogies between (Darwinian) biological evolution cultural development processes. The topics discussed are: 1. Analogies to biological evolution on the cultural level. 2. Analogies to cultural processes on the biological level. 3. Features of the biological evolution of human nature that have direct consequences on the cultural level. 4. Ethical questions raised by the previous three points.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. Moral Judgments of Foreign Cultures and Bygone Epochs. A Two-Tier Approach.Eckhart Arnold - 2006 - In Christian Kanzian & Edmund Runggaldier (eds.), Cultures. Conflict - Analysis - Dialogue. Proceedings of the 29. International Wittgenstein Symposium, Kirchberg Am Wechsel, Austria 2006. Ontos Verlag. pp. 343-352.
    In this paper the ethical problem is discussed how moral judgments of foreign cultures and bygone epochs can be justified. After ruling out the extremes of moral absolutism (judging without any reservations by the standards of one's own culture and epoch) and moral relativism (judging only by the respective standards of the time and culture in question) the following solution to the dilemma is sought: A distinction has to be made between judging the norms and institutions in power at a (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  4
    Nachwort: Voegelins "Neue Wissenschaft" Im Lichte von Kelsens Kritik.Eckhart Arnold (ed.) - 2004 - Heusenstamm, Germany: Ontos Verlag.
    This is a comment on Hans Kelsen's Review of Voegelin's "New Science of Politics". After locating Kelsens review in the historical and biographical context, I examine the main points of Kelsen's criticism of Voegelin: 1. Voegelin's misunderstanding of Weber's idea of value free science 2. Voegelin's anti-democratic "theory of representation" 3. Voegelins polemical characterization of modernity as Gnosticism. My conclusion is that most of Kelsen's criticism really hits the mark and that Voegelin's New Science of Politics is a political theory (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. Vorlesungsskript: Grundlagen des Entscheidens I.Eckhart Arnold - manuscript
    This is a series of lectures on formal decision theory held at the University of Bayreuth during the summer terms 2008 and 2009. It largely follows the book from Michael D. Resnik: Choices. An Introduction to Decision Theory, 5th ed. Minneapolis London 2000 and covers the topics: -/- Decisions under ignorance and risk Probability calculus (Kolmogoroff Axioms, Bayes' Theorem) Philosophical interpretations of probability (R. v. Mises, Ramsey-De Finetti) Neuman-Morgenstern Utility Theory Introductory Game Theory Social Choice Theory (Sen's Paradox of Liberalism, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  18
    Computer Simulations and the Changing Face of Scientific Experimentation.Juan M. Durán & Eckhart Arnold (eds.) - 2013 - Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
    In this volume, scientists, historians, and philosophers join to examine computer simulations in scientific practice. One central aim of the volume is to provide a multiperspective view on the topic. Therefore, the text includes philosophical studies on computer simulations, as well as case studies from simulation practice, and historical studies of the evolution of simulations as a research method.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  33
    Wandering Joy: Meister Eckhart's, Mystical Philosophy.Meister Eckhart - 2001 - SteinerBooks.
    This remarkable work shows Meister Eckhart the thirteenth-century western mystic, as the great teacher of the birth of God in the soul, who shatters the dualism between God and the world, and the self and God.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  27.  19
    Matthew Arnold.Matthew Arnold & James Gribble - 1967 - Collier-Macmillan Macmillan.
  28.  35
    Further Thoughts on the Degeneration of Market Socialism: A Reply to Schweickart: N. Scott Arnold.N. Scott Arnold - 1987 - Economics and Philosophy 3 (2):320-330.
    David Schweickart has challenged a number of claims that are central to my argument that market socialism would probably degenerate into something only nominally distinguishable from capitalism. Chief among these is the claim that competitive pressures would force the workers in a worker-controlled firm to create pay and authority differentials that would make such firms structurally homologous to capitalist firms. Schweickart challenges this on two fronts: He argues that there is no good reason to believe that market forces under market (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  29.  16
    Matthew Arnold.Marjorie Cruickshank, James Gribble & Matthew Arnold - 1968 - British Journal of Educational Studies 16 (2):214.
  30.  19
    Matthew Arnold and the Education of the New Order.G. H. Bantock, P. Smith, G. Summerfield & Matthew Arnold - 1970 - British Journal of Educational Studies 18 (1):108.
  31. Matthew Arnold and the Education of the New Order: A Selection of Arnold's Writings on Education.Matthew Arnold - 1969 - London: Cambridge University Press.
  32. Matthew Arnold and the Education of the New Order a Selection of Arnold's Writings on Education; [Edited] with an Introduction and Notes by Peter Smith and Geoffrey Summerfield.Matthew Arnold, Peter Smith & Geoffrey Summerfield - 1969 - Cambridge University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. Matthew Arnold on Education.Matthew Arnold - 1973 - Harmondsworth, Penguin Education.
  34. Sermons - Meister Eckhart.Meister Eckhart - unknown
  35.  18
    Review of Eckhart Arnold, Explaining Altruism: A Simulation-Based Approach and its Limits[REVIEW]Kevin J. S. Zollman - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (3).
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  36.  20
    Explaining Altruism: A Simulation‐Based Approach and its Limits. By Eckhart Arnold.Bradford McCall - 2010 - Heythrop Journal 51 (3):522-523.
  37. A New Science of Politics? Eckhart Arnold.Hans Kelsen - 2006 - Katz Editores.
    Hans Kelsen's thorough critique of Eric Voegelin's "New Science of Politcs" is - in my oppinion - the best commentary on Voegelin that has been written so far.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  8
    Aesthetics and the Theory of Criticism: Selected Essays of Arnold Isenberg.Arnold Isenberg - 1988 - University of Chicago Press.
    "These sixteen essays by Arnold Isenberg "bring wide-ranging connoiseurship, intricate analysis, and epigrammatic literacy to bear on a number of glib and fuzzy oppositions between form and content, description and interpretation, ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  39. Meister Eckhart and the Image: Sermon 16b.Bruce Milem - 1999 - The Eckhart Review 8:47-59.
    This article explores the tension between Meister Eckhart's frequent claim that the human soul is an image of the divine and his equally frequent claim that God is beyond description and language. Through a reading of German Sermon 16b, I argue that Eckhart emphasizes the image's immediate ontological relationship to its source and downplays the image's similarity to this source. The soul as an image of God reveals God not through its nature as a soul but through the (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. Meister Eckhart, der "Seelengrund", und das Verständnis von Bewusstsein.Alfred Gierer - 2019 - In Wissenschaftliches Denken, das Rätsel Bewusstsein und pro-religiöse Ideen. Würzburg, Germany: Königshausen&Neumann. pp. 61-64.
    An English translation of the essay and an extended introduction are included in the download. In diesem Essay geht es um ein religionsfreundliches Selbst- und Weltverständnis, das die Reichweite der menschlichen Vernunft ebenso wie deren intrinsische Grenzen achtet. In dem weiten Feld wählen wir hier Betrachtungen des mittelalterlichen Philosophen und Theologen Meister Eckhart aus. Eckhart (ca.1260-1338) gilt vielen als Mystiker, anderen als Philosophen des Christentums. Er war wohl Beides. Philosophisch ist seine Lehre, die einzelne menschliche Seele habe einen (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  7
    A Comparison of the German and Russian Literary Intelligentsia in Arnold Hauser’s Social History of Art.Jim Berryman - 2019 - Studies in East European Thought 71 (2):141-155.
    To date, critical engagement with Arnold Hauser’s sociology of art has been confined to the field of art history. This perspective has ignored Hauser’s interest in literary history, which I argue is essential to his project. Hauser’s dialectical model, composed of conflicting realist and formalist tendencies, extends to the literary sphere. In The Social History of Art, these two traditions are epitomised by the Russian social novel and German idealism. Anti-enlightenment tendencies in German intellectual culture provide Hauser with evidence (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  40
    Eckhart, Lost in Translation: La Traduction de Sh-H-R Par Yehuda Alharizi Et Ses Implications Philosophiques.Shalom Sadik - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (2-3):125-145.
    _ Source: _Volume 54, Issue 2-3, pp 125 - 145 Maimonides’s _Guide for the Perplexed_ had a significant influence on both Jewish and Christian philosophy, although the vast majority of Jewish and Christian readers in the Middle Ages could not read the original Judeo-Arabic text. Instead, they had access to the text through Hebrew and Latin translations. The article focuses on words derived from the root _sh-h-r_ in the original text of Maimonides, first on the understanding of Maimonides himself, where (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  97
    The Extroversive Unity of Existence From Ibn ‘Arabi’s and Meister Eckhart’s Viewpoints.Ghasem Kakaie - 2007 - Topoi 26 (2):177-189.
    A proper understanding of the Sufi doctrine of the unity of existence is essential for following the later developments of Islamic philosophy. The doctrine of the unity of existence is divided into introversive and extroversive aspects, the former dealing with the unity of the soul of the mystic with God, and the latter with the unity of the cosmos with God. Here this latter aspect of the doctrine is explained through a comparison of the views of Ibn ‘Arabi and Meister (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  36
    Arnold J. Toynbee’s Quest for a New World Order: A Survey.Luca G. Castellin - 2015 - The European Legacy 20 (6):619-635.
    Arnold J. Toynbee was not only a controversial historian, but also a beguiling internationalist. This article analyses Toynbee as an observer of international politics. In particular, it examines both his understanding of contemporary foreign politics and his constant search of a stable world order. From the idealism of his youth to the utopianism of religious origin that marked his final years, passing through his partial and temporary disenchantment with regard to his youthful expectations, this essay will follow Toynbee’s path (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  8
    Das ‚politische Volontariat‘ des Arnold Clapmarius. Praktische Erfahrung und der Anschein praktischer Erfahrung als Qualifikation für die politischen Wissenschaften um 1600.Philip Haas - 2017 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 40 (4):315-332.
    Arnold Clapmarius’ ‘Traineeship in politics’. Practical Experience and the Semblance of Practical Experience as a Qualification in the Field of Political Science around the Year 1600. In 1600, Arnold Clapmarius was appointed the first professor for Public Law and Political Science in the Holy Roman Empire by the University of Altdorf. He received this professorship though he had not yet published anything because he was a protégé of Landgrave Maurice the Learned of Hesse-Kassel. Two newly discovered letters which (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. Suffering God: Meister Eckhart's Sermon 52.Bruce Milem - 1996 - Mystics Quarterly 22:69-90.
    According to most Eckhart scholars, this famous sermon on spiritual poverty demands a radical break with ordinary life to make possible a union with God that generally lies beyond the limits of creatures. In my view, on the contrary, Eckhart uses the idea of spiritual poverty to proclaim the eternal identity of God and the soul. Eckhart vividly shows that the soul, involved in this identity, must paradoxically be both divine and created, both eternal and temporal.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  47. The Political Philosophy of Arnold Brecht, Essays.Arnold Brecht & Morris D. Forkosch - 1954 - [Exposition Press].
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. Voici Maãitre Eckhart.Emilie Zum Brunn, Werner Beierwaltes & Eckhart - 1998
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. Zur Geisteswissenschaftlichen Bedeutung Arnold Gehlens Vorträge Und Diskussionsbeiträge des Sonderseminars 1989 der Hochschule Für Verwaltungswissenschaften Speyer.Arnold Gehlen, Helmut Klages & Quaritsch - 1994
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  28
    Victorian Critics of Democracy: Carlyle, Ruskin, Arnold, Stephen, Maine, Lecky.Benjamin Evans Lippincott - 1938 - Journal of Philosophy 35 (14):388-388.
1 — 50 / 999