Results for 'David S. Schwarz'

(not author) ( search as author name )
999 found
Order:
  1.  55
    Referring, Singular Terms, and Presupposition.David S. Schwarz - 1976 - Philosophical Studies 30 (1):63 - 74.
  2.  59
    On Pragmatic Presupposition.David S. Schwarz - 1977 - Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (2):247 - 257.
    I argue that (a) the phenomenon characteristic of pragmatic presupposition, is distinct from (b) the phenomenon characteristic of semantic presupposition, and that there are sentences exhibiting (a) alone. I apply this to Stalnaker's defense of van Fraassen's theory of semantic presupposition against Karttunen. I show that, since Stalmaker fails to distinguish (a) from (b), this defense amounts to an unsuccessful attempt to explain pragmatically the supposed instances of (b) in Karttunen's counter-examples. I observe that, given the distinction between (a) and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  3. Causality, Referring, and Proper Names.David S. Schwarz - 1978 - Linguistics and Philosophy 2 (2):225 - 233.
    I argue that (a) the causal theory of proper names and (b) Kripke's chain of references thesis are logically independent of each other, and that the case for (a) is very weak. I observe that rejecting (a) we lose one powerful reason for treating proper names as rigid designators. I then consider reasons for subscribing to (b), and I argue that (b) is compatible with either a rigid or a non-rigid (descriptive) semantic treatment of proper names.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  43
    Naming and Referring: The Semantics and Pragmatics of Singular Terms.David S. Schwarz - 1979 - De Gruyter.
    I. Introduction As I sketched in my Preface, what frames this discussion is the opposition between the conceptual and the objective approaches to the ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  25
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Kenneth S. Friedman, Donald Gotterbarn, M. Glouberman, Bryan G. Norton, David S. Schwarz & Walter P. Van Stigt - 1979 - Philosophia 9 (1):805-813.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. Systematicity and the Cognition of Structured Domains.Robert Cummins, James Blackmon, David Byrd, Pierre Poirier, Martin Roth & Georg Schwarz - 2001 - Journal of Philosophy 98 (4):167 - 185.
    The current debate over systematicity concerns the formal conditions a scheme of mental representation must satisfy in order to explain the systematicity of thought.1 The systematicity of thought is assumed to be a pervasive property of minds, and can be characterized (roughly) as follows: anyone who can think T can think systematic variants of T, where the systematic variants of T are found by permuting T’s constituents. So, for example, it is an alleged fact that anyone who can think the (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  7.  12
    Review: Stuart Hall with Bill Schwarz, Stuart Hall: Familiar Stranger; Sally Davison, David Featherstone and Bill Schwarz , Stuart Hall: Selected Political Writings. [REVIEW]Tony Jefferson - 2017 - Theory, Culture and Society 34 (7-8):305-313.
    This is a review of two books, one Stuart Hall’s memoir, the other an edited volume of some of his most significant political writings. The former offers a psychosocial portrait of Hall, from Jamaica’s brown middle class, feeling alienated from the cultural norms and beliefs of his thoroughly colonized family of origin and coming to identify with Jamaica’s black masses and the post-colonial. Crucial to the transition was re-locating to England via a scholarship to Oxford. Despite ongoing disenchantment, this move (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  24
    Medical Metaphors Matter: Experiments Can Determine the Impact of Metaphors on Bioethical Issues.David J. Hauser & Norbert Schwarz - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):18-19.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  9.  5
    Grounded Procedures: A Proximate Mechanism for the Psychology of Cleansing and Other Physical Actions.Spike W. S. Lee & Norbert Schwarz - 2021 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 44:1-78.
    Experimental work has revealed causal links between physical cleansing and various psychological variables. Empirically, how robust are they? Theoretically, how do they operate? Major prevailing accounts focus on morality or disgust, capturing a subset of cleansing effects, but cannot easily handle cleansing effects in non-moral, non-disgusting contexts. Building on grounded views on cognitive processes and known properties of mental procedures, we propose grounded procedures of separation as a proximate mechanism underlying cleansing effects. This account differs from prevailing accounts in terms (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  10. The Role of Naturalness in Lewis's Theory of Meaning.Brian Weatherson - 2013 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 1 (10).
    Many writers have held that in his later work, David Lewis adopted a theory of predicate meaning such that the meaning of a predicate is the most natural property that is (mostly) consistent with the way the predicate is used. That orthodox interpretation is shared by both supporters and critics of Lewis's theory of meaning, but it has recently been strongly criticised by Wolfgang Schwarz. In this paper, I accept many of Schwarze's criticisms of the orthodox interpretation, and (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  11.  16
    A Distributed Connectionist Production System.David S. Touretzky & Geoffrey E. Hinton - 1988 - Cognitive Science 12 (3):423-466.
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   85 citations  
  12. Clinical Applications of Machine Learning Algorithms: Beyond the Black Box.David S. Watson, Jenny Krutzinna, Ian N. Bruce, Christopher E. M. Griffiths, Iain B. McInnes, Michael R. Barnes & Luciano Floridi - 2019 - British Medical Journal 364:I886.
  13.  99
    Finality Revived: Powers and Intentionality.David S. Oderberg - 2017 - Synthese 194 (7):2387-2425.
    Proponents of physical intentionality argue that the classic hallmarks of intentionality highlighted by Brentano are also found in purely physical powers. Critics worry that this idea is metaphysically obscure at best, and at worst leads to panpsychism or animism. I examine the debate in detail, finding both confusion and illumination in the physical intentionalist thesis. Analysing a number of the canonical features of intentionality, I show that they all point to one overarching phenomenon of which both the mental and the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  14.  81
    Coincidence Under a Sortal.David S. Oderberg - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (2):145-171.
    The question whether two things can be in the same place at the same time is an ambiguous one. At least three distinct questions could be meant: Can two things simpliciter be in the same place at the same time? Can two things of the same kind be in the same place at the same time? Can two substances of the same kind be in the same place at the same time? The answers to these questions vary. In what follows, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  15.  24
    The explanation game: a formal framework for interpretable machine learning.David S. Watson & Luciano Floridi - forthcoming - Synthese:1-32.
    We propose a formal framework for interpretable machine learning. Combining elements from statistical learning, causal interventionism, and decision theory, we design an idealised explanation game in which players collaborate to find the best explanation for a given algorithmic prediction. Through an iterative procedure of questions and answers, the players establish a three-dimensional Pareto frontier that describes the optimal trade-offs between explanatory accuracy, simplicity, and relevance. Multiple rounds are played at different levels of abstraction, allowing the players to explore overlapping causal (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16.  11
    Logic.Kirk D. Wilson, Immanuel Kant, Robert S. Hartman & Wolfgang Schwarz - 1976 - Philosophical Review 85 (1):97.
  17.  77
    The Metaphysical Status of the Embryo: Some Arguments Revisited.David S. Oderberg - 2008 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (4):263-276.
    abstract This paper re-examines some well-known and commonly accepted arguments for the non-individuality of the embryo, due mainly to the work of John Harris. The first concerns the alleged non-differentiation of the embryoblast from the trophoblast. The second concerns monozygotic twinning and the relevance of the primitive streak. The third concerns the totipotency of the cells of the early embryo. I argue that on a proper analysis of both the empirical facts of embryological development, and the metaphysical importance or otherwise (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  18. Survivalism, Corruptionism, and Mereology.David S. Oderberg - 2012 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 4 (4):1-26.
    Corruptionism is the view that following physical death, the human being ceases to exist but their soul persists in the afterlife. Survivalism holds that both the human being and their soul persist in the afterlife, as distinct entities, with the soul constituting the human. Each position has its defenders, most of whom appeal both to metaphysical considerations and to the authority of St Thomas Aquinas. Corruptionists claim that survivalism violates a basic principle of any plausible mereology, while survivalists tend to (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  19.  11
    Coincidence Under a Sortal.David S. Oderberg - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (2):145-171.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  20.  13
    Semantic Prosody and Judgment.David J. Hauser & Norbert Schwarz - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (7):882-896.
  21.  8
    Dikastic Participation.David C. Mirhady & Carl Schwarz - 2011 - Classical Quarterly 61 (2):744-748.
  22.  19
    Reconstructing Physical Symbol Systems.David S. Touretzky & Dean A. Pomerleau - 1994 - Cognitive Science 18 (2):345-353.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  23. “Truth in Advertising”: The Beginning of Advertising Ethics in Australia.David S. Waller - 2012 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 27 (1):46-56.
    In Australia, as in many countries, the early advertising industry had a poor reputation for honesty. However, in 1920 ?truth in advertising? and raising ethical behavior became the focus of the Second Convention of Advertising Men of Australasia, held in Sydney. This was a major event in Australia's advertising history and was seen as a way to legitimize the industry in the eyes of those who doubted advertising's honesty. This paper will look at the Sydney Advertising Convention, with particular reference (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  24.  54
    Advertising Agency-Client Attitudes Towards Ethical Issues in Political Advertising.David S. Waller - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 36 (4):347 - 354.
    Political advertising has long been a target for criticism regarding unethical behaviour. This study looks at the attitudes of Australian advertising agency executives and politicians towards ethical issues relating to political advertising. A sample of 101 advertising agency executives and 46 federal politicians were compared and some attitudinal differences were found, which could be areas of tension in the agency-client relationship.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  25.  7
    Time to Stop Worrying About the Therapeutic Misconception.David S. Wendler - 2012 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 23 (3):272-287.
    Work on the therapeutic misconception suggests that investigators should ensure that potential research subjects understand the fundamental differences between clinical research and clinical care. Yet, what potential research subjects should understand depends on their circumstances and the study in question. This analysis implies that researchers and review committees should stop attempting to define, measure, and dispel the therapeutic misconception, and instead should focus on what potential subjects should understand to participate in individual studies.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  26.  37
    Hippocampus, Space, and Memory.David S. Olton, James T. Becker & Gail E. Handelmann - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):313-322.
    We examine two different descriptions of the behavioral functions of the hippocampal system. One emphasizes spatially organized behaviors, especially those using cognitive maps. The other emphasizes memory, particularly working memory, a short-term memory that requires iexible stimulus-response associations and is highly susceptible to interference. The predictive value of the spatial and memory descriptions were evaluated by testing rats with damage to the hippocampal system in a series of experiments, independently manipulating the spatial and memory characteristics of a behavioral task. No (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   290 citations  
  27. Grounded Procedures in Mind and Society.Spike W. S. Lee & Norbert Schwarz - 2021 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 44.
    Our commentators explore the operation of grounded procedures across all levels of analysis in the behavioral sciences, from mental to social, developmental, and evolutionary/functional. Building on them, we offer two integrative principles for systematic effects of grounded procedures to occur. We discuss theoretical topics at each level of analysis, address methodological recommendations, and highlight further extensions of grounded procedures.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  90
    Deliberative Democracy.David S. Owen - 2001 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 27 (5):117-124.
  29.  7
    Cognitive Neuroscience, Shamanism and the Rock Art of Native California.David S. Whitley - 1998 - Anthropology of Consciousness 9 (1):22-37.
  30.  10
    Memory for the Conditioned Response: The Proactive Effect of Preexposure to Potential Conditioning Stimuli and Context Change.Carol Wickens, David S. Tuber & Delos D. Wickens - 1983 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 112 (1):41-57.
  31.  8
    How Can Medical Training and Informed Consent Be Reconciled with Volume-Outcome Data?David S. Wendler & Seema Shah - 2006 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 17 (2):149.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  32.  3
    A Diagnosis of Idols.David S. Thatcher - 1985 - Nietzsche Studien Gesamtregister Bände 1-20 14:250-268.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  33.  16
    The Ways of Confucianism: Investigations in Chinese Philosophy.Daniel Tauss, David S. Nivison & Bryan W. Van Norden - 1999 - Philosophy East and West 49 (1):92.
  34. Essence and Properties.David S. Oderberg - unknown
    The distinction between the essence of an object and its properties has been obscured in contemporary discussion of essentialism. Locke held that the properties of an object are exclusively those features that ‘flow’ from its essence. Here he follows the Aristotelian theory, leaving aside Locke’s own scepticism about the knowability of essence. I defend the need to distinguish sharply between essence and properties, arguing that essence must be given by form and that properties flow from form. I give a precise (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  35.  41
    The Bind of Responsibility: Kierkegaard Derrida, and the Akedah of Isaac.David S. Stern - 2003 - Philosophy Today 47 (1):34-43.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  36.  7
    Science, Technology, and the British Industrial "Decline," 1870-1970. David Edgerton.David S. Landes - 1997 - Isis 88 (2):357-358.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37.  4
    “In”, “on”, and “Under” Revisited.Stephen Wilcox & David S. Palermo - 1974 - Cognition 3 (3):245-254.
  38.  73
    Reconsidering Virtue: Differences of Perspective in Virtue Ethics and the Positive Social Sciences.David S. Bright, Bradley A. Winn & Jason Kanov - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 119 (4):1-16.
    This paper describes differences in two perspectives on the idea of virtue as a theoretical foundation for positive organizational ethics (POE). The virtue ethics perspective is grounded in the philosophical tradition, has classical roots, and focuses attention on virtue as a property of character. The positive social science perspective is a recent movement (e.g., positive psychology and positive organizational scholarship) that has implications for POE. The positive social science movement operationalizes virtue through an empirical lens that emphasizes virtuous behaviors. From (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  39.  6
    The Cytoplasmic Structure Hypothesis for Ribosome Assembly, Vertical Inheritance, and Phylogeny.David S. Thaler - 2009 - Bioessays 31 (7):774-783.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  40. The Ways of Confucianism Investigations in Chinese Philosophy.David S. Nivison & Bryan W. Van Norden - 1996
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   36 citations  
  41. David Lewis: Metaphysik Und Analyse.Wolfgang Schwarz - 2009 - Mentis-Verlag.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  42.  46
    Autonomy and Political Obligation in Kant.David S. Stern - 1991 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 29 (1):127-147.
  43.  11
    The World of Thought in Ancient China.David S. Nivison - 1988 - Philosophy East and West 38 (4):411-419.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   80 citations  
  44.  12
    Actin Filaments and Photoreceptor Membrane Turnover.David S. Williams - 1991 - Bioessays 13 (4):171-178.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  45.  14
    Comparative Analysis of Episodic Memory.David S. Olton - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (2):250.
  46.  40
    Death, Unity and the Brain.David S. Oderberg - 2019 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 40 (5):359-379.
    The Dead Donor Rule holds that removing organs from a living human being without their consent is wrongful killing. The rule still prevails in most countries, and I assume it without argument in order to pose the question: is it possible to have a metaphysically correct, clinically relevant analysis of human death that makes organ donation possible? I argue that the two dominant criteria of death, brain death and circulatory death, are both empirically and metaphysically inadequate as definitions of human (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  47. Hylemorphic Dualism.David S. Oderberg - 2005 - Social Philosophy and Policy 22 (2):70-99.
    To the extent that dualism is even taken to be a serious option in contemporary discussions of personal identity and the philosophy of mind, it is almost exclusively either Cartesian dualism or property dualism that is considered. The more traditional dualism defended by Aristotelians and Thomists, what I call hylemorphic dualism, has only received scattered attention. In this essay I set out the main lines of the hylemorphic dualist position, with particular reference to personal identity. First I argue that overemphasis (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  48.  5
    A Diagnosis of Idols.David S. Thatcher - 1985 - Nietzsche-Studien 14 (1):250.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  49.  9
    Action-Effect Binding and Agency.Katharina A. Schwarz, Sebastian Burger, David Dignath, Wilfried Kunde & Roland Pfister - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 65:304-309.
  50.  3
    Autonomy and Political Obligation in Kant.David S. Stern - 1991 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 29 (1):127-147.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 999