Results for 'T. J. Donahue'

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  1.  41
    Constitutional Responsibility.Andras Szigeti & T. J. Donahue - manuscript
    This paper asks whether an individual or a political community (henceforth: 'constitutional community') ever incurs moral responsibility for the requirements made by the norms of their constitution. We argue, first, that any constitutional community bears collective moral responsibility for those requirements. We reach this thesis by showing that (i) a constitutional community is a group which can take collective actions attributable to the group as a whole, and (ii) any given set of constitutional norms is the outcome of such collective (...)
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  2. On Styles of Dealing with Problems in Political Theory.T. J. Donahue & Paulina Ochoa Espejo - manuscript
    What are the different styles by which political theorists deal with intellectual problems? This question is important because if we do not answer it, we shall not know why methodological disagreements are so much more intense and heated than substantive disagreements. Nor shall we know why particular political theorists take the positions they do in methodological controversies. This paper argues that there are now five main styles by which political theorists deal with intellectual problems: the Classicist, the Mannerist, the Baroque, (...)
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  3.  5
    Terrorism & the Types of Wrongdoing.T. J. Donahue - 2010 - Public Affairs Quarterly 24 (3):197-208.
    One of the many striking theses for which Virginia Held argues in How Terrorism Is Wrong is that terrorism is not necessarily morally wrong. In principle, she argues, terrorism can sometimes be permissible . Call this "the Non-necessity Thesis," or NNT. As so often in this deep and thought-provoking book, Held gives a powerful and illuminating argument to this thesis. The argument begins by asserting what we may call "the Violations Distribution Principle" : if we must have rights violations, then (...)
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  4.  7
    What is a People?Paulina Ochoa Espejo & T. J. Donahue - unknown
    This paper outlines and defends a processual theory of peoplehood. On our theory, a people is, roughly speaking, composed of two things. First, an unfolding series of events coordinated by the practices of constituting, governing, or changing a polity's authoritative institutions. Second, individual persons whose lives and interests are intensely affected by these events and institutions. We call this theory deep processualism. We outline the theory by showing how it would answer five questions: the questions of constituents, individuation, origination, termination, (...)
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  5.  12
    Soundscapes of Byzantium.Spyridon Antonopoulos, Sharon E. J. Gerstel, Chris Kyriakakis, Konstantinos T. Raptis & James Donahue - 2017 - Speculum 92 (S1):S321-S335.
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  6. What is a Syllogism?T. J. Smiley - 1973 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 2 (1):136 - 154.
  7. Monotheism and the Meaning of Life.T. J. Mawson - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
    Monotheism and the Meaning of Life explores the role of God, and the relationship to the question 'What is the meaning of life?' for adherents of the main monotheistic religions - Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Exploring the various senses of 'meaning' and 'life', Mawson argues that there are various questions implicit in the notion of the meaning of life and that the God of monotheistic religion is central to the correct answers to all of them.
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  8. On Determining How Important It Is Whether or Not There Is a God.T. J. Mawson - 2012 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 4 (4):95--105.
    Can the issue of how important it is whether or not there is a God be decided prior to deciding whether or not there is a God? In this paper, I explore some difficulties that stand in the way of answering this question in the affirmative and some of the implications of these difficulties for that part of the Philosophy of Religion which concerns itself with assessing arguments for and against the existence of God, the implications for how its importance (...)
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  9.  78
    The Painting of Modern Life: Paris in the Art of Manet and His Followers.T. J. Clark - 1985 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 44 (2):203-205.
  10.  39
    Entailment and Deducibility.T. J. Smiley - 1959 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 59:233-254.
  11.  52
    Should We Bring Back the Passenger Pigeon? The Ethics of De-Extinction.T. J. Kasperbauer - 2017 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 20 (1):1-14.
    Recent advances in synthetic biology have made it possible to revive extinct species of animals, a process known as ‘de-extinction’. This paper examines two reasons for supporting de-extinction: the potential for de-extinct species to play useful roles in ecosystems; and human valuing of certain de-extinct species. I focus on the particular case of passenger pigeons to argue that the most critical challenge for de-extinction is that it entails significant suffering for sentient individual animals. I also provide reasons to take existence (...)
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  12.  22
    Subhuman: The Moral Psychology of Human Attitudes to Animals.T. J. Kasperbauer - 2018 - Oup Usa.
    How do we think about animals? How do we decide what they deserve and how we ought to treat them? Subhuman takes an interdisciplinary approach to these questions, drawing from research in philosophy, neuroscience, psychology, law, history, sociology, economics, and anthropology. Subhuman argues that our attitudes to nonhuman animals, both positive and negative, largely arise from our need to compare ourselves to them.
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  13. The History of Philosophy in Islam by D^R. T. J. De Boer.T. J. de Boer & Edward R. Jones - 1965 - Luzac & Co.
     
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  14.  51
    Clement Greenberg's Theory of Art.T. J. Clark - 1982 - Critical Inquiry 9 (1):139-156.
    It is not intended as some sort of revelation on my part that Greenberg's cultural theory was originally Marxist in its stresses and, indeed in its attitude to what constituted explanation in such matters. I point out the Marxist and historical mode of proceeding as emphatically as I do partly because it may make my own procedure later in this paper seem a little less arbitrary. For I shall fall to arguing in the end with these essay's Marxism and their (...)
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  15. Recent Work on the Meaning of Life and Philosophy of Religion.T. J. Mawson - 2013 - Philosophy Compass 8 (12):1138-1146.
    ‘The Meaning of Life’ and ‘The Philosophy of Religion’ have meant different things to different people, and so I do well to alert my reader to what these phrases mean to me and thus to the subject area of this review of recent work on their intersection. First, ‘The Meaning of Life’: within the analytic tradition, an idea has gained widespread assent; whatever the vague and enigmatic nature of the phrase ‘the meaning of life’, we may sensibly speak of meaningfulness (...)
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  16.  18
    Communicating Identifiability Risks to Biobank Donors.T. J. Kasperbauer, Mickey Gjerris, Gunhild Waldemar & Peter Sandøe - 2018 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 27 (1):123-136.
    Recent highly publicized privacy breaches in health care and genomics research have led many to question whether current standards of data protection are adequate. Improvements in de-identification techniques, combined with pervasive data sharing, have increased the likelihood that external parties can track individuals across multiple databases. This paper focuses on the communication of identifiability risks in the process of obtaining consent for donation and research. Most ethical discussions of identifiability risks have focused on the severity of the risk and how (...)
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  17.  13
    Measuring Understanding and Respecting Trust in Biobank Consent.T. J. Kasperbauer & Peter H. Schwartz - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):29-31.
    Volume 19, Issue 5, May 2019, Page 29-31.
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  18.  74
    Natural Law Theories in the Early Enlightenment.T. J. Hochstrasser - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    This major addition to Ideas in Context examines the development of natural law theories in the early stages of the Enlightenment in Germany and France. T. J. Hochstrasser investigates the influence exercised by theories of natural law from Grotius to Kant, with a comparative analysis of the important intellectual innovations in ethics and political philosophy of the time. Hochstrasser includes the writings of Samuel Pufendorf and his followers who evolved a natural law theory based on human sociability and reason, fostering (...)
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  19. What Can We Learn From Art?T. J. Diffey - 1995 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 73 (2):204 – 211.
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  20.  8
    Protecting Health Privacy Even When Privacy is Lost.T. J. Kasperbauer - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (11):768-772.
    The standard approach to protecting privacy in healthcare aims to control access to personal information. We cannot regain control of information after it has been shared, so we must restrict access from the start. This ‘control’ conception of privacy conflicts with data-intensive initiatives like precision medicine and learning health systems, as they require patients to give up significant control of their information. Without adequate alternatives to the control-based approach, such data-intensive programmes appear to require a loss of privacy. This paper (...)
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  21.  62
    Praying to Stop Being an Atheist.T. J. Mawson - 2010 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 67 (3):173 - 186.
    In this paper, I argue that atheists who think that the issue of God's existence or non-existence is an important one; assign a greater than negligible probability to God's existence; and are not in possession of a plausible argument for scepticism about the truth-directedness of uttering such prayers in their own cases, are under a prima facie epistemic obligation to pray to God that He stop them being atheists.
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  22.  54
    Studies in the Philosophy of Logic and Knowledge.T. J. Smiley & Thomas Baldwin (eds.) - 2004 - Published for the British Academy by Oxford University Press.
    Questions about knowledge, and about the relation between logic and language, are at the heart of philosophy. Eleven distinguished philosophers from Britain and America contribute papers on such questions. All the contributions are examples of recent philosophy at its best. The first half of the book constitutes a running debate about knowledge, evidence and doubt. The second half tackles questions about logic and its relation to language.
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  23.  4
    The Final Act: An Ethical Analysis of Pia Dijkstra’s Euthanasia for a Completed Life.T. J. Holzman - 2021 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 18 (1):165-175.
    Amongst other countries, the Netherlands currently allows euthanasia, provided the physician performing the procedure adheres to a strict set of requirements. In 2016, Second Chamber member Pia Dijkstra submitted a law proposal which would also allow euthanasia without the reason necessarily having any medical foundation; euthanasia on the basis of a completed life. The debate on this topic has been ongoing for over two decades, but this law proposal has made the discussion much more immediate and concrete. This paper considers (...)
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  24.  18
    Farewell to an Idea: Episodes From a History of Modernism.T. J. Clark - 2004 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 62 (3):297-298.
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  25.  12
    The Athenian Archons From Kreon to Hypsichides.T. J. Cadoux - 1948 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 68:70-123.
  26.  38
    Mr. Strawson on the Traditional Logic.T. J. Smiley - 1967 - Mind 76 (301):118-120.
  27.  42
    Rethinking Practices and Structures.T. J. Berard - 2005 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (2):196-230.
    Social theory remains puzzled by the relation between practices and structures, or the link between ‘micro’ and ‘macro’. Grand theorists including Giddens and Bourdieu have gained distinction for their writings on these questions, trying to marry insights and concerns of a ‘micro’ sociological nature with traditional ‘macro’ structural questions including inequality, power relations, and social reproduction. These theorists arguably fail, however, in their attempts to move social theory beyond traditional dualisms. Relevant but neglected contributions from ethnomethodology are introduced and compared (...)
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  28. Theodical Individualism.T. J. Mawson - 2011 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 3 (1):139 - 159.
    In this journal Steve Maitzen has recently advanced an argument for atheism premised on theodical individualism, the thesis that God would not permit people to suffer evils that were underserved, involuntary, and gratuitous for them. In this paper I advance reasons to think this premise mistaken.
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  29.  44
    Naturalizing Sentimentalism for Environmental Ethics.T. J. Kasperbauer - 2015 - Environmental Ethics 37 (2):221-237.
    Jesse Prinz and Shaun Nichols have argued that within metaethics, sentimentalism is the theory that best accords with empirical facts about human moral psychology. Recent findings in experimental moral psychology, they argue, indicate that emotions are psychologically central to our moral concepts. One way of testing the empirical adequacy of sentimentalism is by looking at research on environmental values. A classic problem in environmental ethics is providing an account of the intrinsic value of nonhuman entities, which is often thought to (...)
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  30.  3
    Conflicting Roles for Humans in Learning Health Systems and AI‐Enabled Healthcare.T. J. Kasperbauer - 2021 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 27 (3):537-542.
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  31.  14
    The Rationality of Classical Theism and Its Demographics1.T. J. Mawson - 2012 - In Yujin Nagasawa (ed.), Scientific Approaches to the Philosophy of Religion. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 184.
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  32.  3
    A Rate Controlling Mechanism for Slip in Neutron Irradiated Copper Single Crystals.T. J. Koppenaal & R. J. Arsenault - 1965 - Philosophical Magazine 12 (119):951-961.
  33.  47
    Divine Eternity.T. J. Mawson - 2008 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 64 (1):35-50.
    I argue that Open Theism leads to a retreat from ascribing to God 'complete omniscience'. Having surrendered this ground, the Open Theist cannot but retreat from ascribing to God complete omnipotence; the Open Theist must admit that God might perform actions which He reasonably expected would meet certain descriptions but which nevertheless do not do so. This then makes whatever goodness God has a matter of luck. Open Theism is committed to a partially ignorant God, one who is subject to (...)
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  34.  47
    The Republic of Art.T. J. Diffey - 1969 - British Journal of Aesthetics 9 (2):145-156.
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  35.  5
    Neutron Irradiation Strengthening in Copper Single Crystals.T. J. Koppenaal - 1965 - Philosophical Magazine 11 (114):1257-1270.
  36.  1
    The Speciation of Modern Homo Sapiens.T. J. Crow (ed.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This is the first volume to address directly the question of the speciation of modern Homo sapiens. The subject raises profound questions about the nature of the species, our defining characteristic, and the brain changes and their genetic basis that make us distinct. The British Academy and the Academy of Medical Sciences have brought together experts from palaeontology, archaeology, linguistics, psychology, genetics and evolutionary theory to present evidence and theories at the cutting edge of our understanding of these issues.Palaeontological and (...)
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  37.  14
    Gender Differences in Subject Preference and Perception of Subject Importance Among Third Year Secondary School Pupils in Single‐Sex and Mixed Comprehensive Schools.T. J. Harvey - 1984 - Educational Studies 10 (3):243-253.
    (1984). Gender Differences in Subject Preference and Perception of Subject Importance among Third Year Secondary School Pupils in Single‐sex and Mixed Comprehensive Schools. Educational Studies: Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 243-253.
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  38. Why is There Anything at All?T. J. Mawson - 2009 - In Yujin Nagasawa & Erik J. Wielenberg (eds.), New Waves in Philosophy of Religion. Palgrave-Macmillan.
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  39.  60
    Nussbaum and the Capacities of Animals.T. J. Kasperbauer - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (5):977-997.
    Martha Nussbaum’s capabilities approach emphasizes species-specific abilities in grounding our treatment of animals. Though this emphasis provides many action-guiding benefits, it also generates a number of complications. The criticism registered here is that Nussbaum unjustifiably restricts what is allowed into our concept of species norms, the most notable restrictions being placed on latent abilities and those that arise as a result of human intervention. These restrictions run the risk of producing inaccurate or misleading recommendations that fail to correspond to the (...)
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  40.  4
    Entailment and Deducibility.T. J. Smiley, Alan Ross Anderson & Nuel D. Belnap - 1965 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 30 (2):240-241.
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  41. Recognizing One's Own Face.Tilo T. J. Kircher, Carl Senior, Mary L. Phillips, Sophia Rabe-Hesketh, Philip J. Benson, Edward T. Bullmore, Mick Brammer, Andrew Simmons, Mathias Bartels & Anthony S. David - 2001 - Cognition 78 (1):B1-B15.
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  42.  13
    Forget Evil: Autonomy, the Physician–Patient Relationship, and the Duty to Refer.Jake Greenblum & T. J. Kasperbauer - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (3):313-317.
    Aulisio and Arora argue that the moral significance of value imposition explains the moral distinction between traditional conscientious objection and non-traditional conscientious objection. The former objects to directly performing actions, whereas the latter objects to indirectly assisting actions on the grounds that indirectly assisting makes the actor morally complicit. Examples of non-traditional conscientious objection include objections to the duty to refer. Typically, we expect physicians who object to a practice to refer, but the non-traditional conscientious objector physician refuses to refer. (...)
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  43.  23
    Studies in Kant's Aesthetics.T. J. Diffey - 1980 - Philosophical Quarterly 30 (121):356.
  44.  12
    HYPO's Legacy: Introduction to the Virtual Special Issue.T. J. M. Bench-Capon - 2017 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 25 (2):205-250.
    This paper is an introduction to a virtual special issue of AI and Law exploring the legacy of the influential HYPO system of Rissland and Ashley. The papers included are: Arguments and cases: An inevitable intertwining, BankXX: Supporting legal arguments through heuristic retrieval, Modelling reasoning with precedents in a formal dialogue Game, A note on dimensions and factors, An empirical investigation of reasoning with legal cases through theory construction and application, Automatically classifying case texts and predicting outcomes, A factor-based definition (...)
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  45.  12
    The Strain Rate Dependence of the Flow Stress in Neutron Irradiated Copper Single Crystals.T. J. Koppenaal - 1963 - Philosophical Magazine 8 (92):1313-1320.
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  46.  51
    Michel Foucault, the History of Sexuality, and the Reformulation of Social Theory.T. J. Berard - 1999 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 29 (3):203–227.
    Foucault’s critics have often ignored or misunderstool Foucault’s later work, The History of Sexuality and related texts. Only by careful reading of these texts is it possible to appreciate the maturity of Foucault’s social critism, to distil an implicit social theory from his writings, and to gage the true significance of his contributions. In this paper, The History of Sexuality is first placed in the context of Foucault’s earlier works, then used, along with other texts, to answer the most common (...)
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  47.  22
    A Study of Religious Attitudes, Religious Behaviour, and Religious Cognition.T. J. Mark - 1982 - Educational Studies 8 (3):209-216.
  48.  11
    Guinea Pig Duties: 1. The Need for Clinical Research.T. J. Steiner - 2005 - Research Ethics 1 (1):13-22.
    If patients are to be partners rather than subjects, contributing effectively to clinical research in which they have an interest, both they and investigators must change their ways. The case is argued here that the conduct of clinical research fulfils an essential need of society and that, therefore, in the interests of society, there is a moral imperative that it be done. Further essays will develop this theme, questioning along the way whether consent is a redundant concept.
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  49.  58
    Penology and Eschatology in Plato's Timaeus and Laws1.T. J. Saunders - 1973 - Classical Quarterly 23 (2):232-244.
    The eschatological myth in the tenth book of the Laws contains a paragraph which purports to explain why, in the next world, efficient treatmentof souls according to their deserts is ‘marvellously easy’.
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  50.  46
    Psychological Constraints on Egalitarianism: The Challenge of Just World Beliefs.T. J. Kasperbauer - 2015 - Res Publica 21 (3):217-234.
    Debates over egalitarianism for the most part are not concerned with constraints on achieving an egalitarian society, beyond discussions of the deficiencies of egalitarian theory itself. This paper looks beyond objections to egalitarianism as such and investigates the relevant psychological processes motivating people to resist various aspects of egalitarianism. I argue for two theses, one normative and one descriptive. The normative thesis holds that egalitarians must take psychological constraints into account when constructing egalitarian ideals. I draw from non-ideal theories in (...)
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