Results for 'Matej Drob����k'

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  1. Implications of Action-Oriented Paradigm Shifts in Cognitive Science.Peter F. Dominey, Tony J. Prescott, Jeannette Bohg, Andreas K. Engel, Shaun Gallagher, Tobias Heed, Matej Hoffmann, Gunther Knoblich, Wolfgang Prinz & Andrew Schwartz - 2016 - In Andreas K. Engel, Karl J. Friston & Danica Kragic (eds.), The Pragmatic Turn: Toward Action-Oriented Views in Cognitive Science. MIT Press. pp. 333-356.
    An action-oriented perspective changes the role of an individual from a passive observer to an actively engaged agent interacting in a closed loop with the world as well as with others. Cognition exists to serve action within a landscape that contains both. This chapter surveys this landscape and addresses the status of the pragmatic turn. Its potential influence on science and the study of cognition are considered (including perception, social cognition, social interaction, sensorimotor entrainment, and language acquisition) and its impact (...)
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  2.  60
    Oko mysli: Agnes Arberová k otázce biologického hlediska.Matěj Pudil - 2018 - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science 40 (1):107-126.
    Práce se zabývá filosofickou analýzou vědeckého výzkumu, kterou v polovině minulého století provedla botanička Agnes Arberová. Její koncepce je cenným příspěvkem k otázce kontextu vzniku vědeckého objevu a procesu jeho zdůvodnění v biologických disciplínách. Ve stati se pokusím doložit, že její úvahy mají ráz v zásadě fenomenologický, a proto bude její koncepce interpretována na pozadí úvah Maurice Merleau-Pontyho o tělesné povaze smyslů. Taková interpretace napovídá, že Arberová ve shodě s Merleau-Pontym uvažuje o fenoménech nikoli jako o objektech, které lze zkoumat (...)
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  3.  7
    Strong Genetic Overlap Between Executive Functions and Intelligence.Laura E. Engelhardt, Frank D. Mann, Daniel A. Briley, Jessica A. Church, K. Paige Harden & Elliot M. Tucker-Drob - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (9):1141-1159.
  4.  6
    Development of Infant Reaching Strategies to Tactile Targets on the Face.Lisa K. Chinn, Claire F. Noonan, Matej Hoffmann & Jeffrey J. Lockman - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  5. Simple or Complex Bodies? Trade-Offs in Exploiting Body Morphology for Control.Matej Hoffmann & Vincent C. Müller - 2017 - In Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic & Raffaela Giovagnoli (eds.), Representation of Reality: Humans, Other Living Organisms and Intelligent Machines. Berlin: Springer. pp. 335-345.
    Engineers fine-tune the design of robot bodies for control purposes, however, a methodology or set of tools is largely absent, and optimization of morphology (shape, material properties of robot bodies, etc.) is lagging behind the development of controllers. This has become even more prominent with the advent of compliant, deformable or ”soft” bodies. These carry substantial potential regarding their exploitation for control—sometimes referred to as ”morphological computation”. In this article, we briefly review different notions of computation by physical systems and (...)
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  6.  24
    Expectations and Obligations.Matej Cibik - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (5):1079-1090.
    Ever since the publication of Scanlon’s Promises and Practices and What We Owe to Each Other, expectations have become an important topic within discussions on promises. However, confining the role of expectations to promises does not do justice to their importance in creating obligations more generally. This paper argues that expectations are one of the major sources of obligations created within our personal relationships. What we owe to our friends, partners, or siblings very often follows neither from the duties associated (...)
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  7. Meaning-Constitutive Inferences.Matej Drobňák - 2017 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 24 (1):85-104.
    ABSTRACT: A traditional objection to inferentialism states that not all inferences can be meaning-constitutive and therefore inferentialism has to comprise an analytic-synthetic distinction. As a response, Peregrin argues that meaning is a matter of inferential rules and only the subset of all the valid inferences for which there is a widely shared corrective behaviour corresponds to rules and so determines meaning. Unfortunately, Peregrin does not discuss what counts as “widely shared”. In the paper, I argue for an empirical plausibility of (...)
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  8.  20
    On the Immorality of Tattoos.Matej Cíbik - 2020 - The Journal of Ethics 24 (2):193-206.
    Tattoos are widely regarded as morally neutral, and the decision to have them as carrying no ethical implications. The aim of this paper is to question this assumption. I argue that decisions to have tattoos involve risks that are not merely prudential—they are normative. The argument starts with a thesis that the power we presently have over our lives is constrained by the need to respect our future selves. If we make a discretionary choice that disregards our future interests and (...)
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  9.  17
    Inferentialism on Meaning, Content, and Context.Matej Drobňák - 2020 - Acta Analytica 35 (1):35-50.
    In this paper, I show how normative inferentialism could be used to explain several phenomena related to natural languages. First, I show how the distinction between the inferential potential and the inferential significance fits the standard distinction between the meaning of a sentence and the content of an utterance. Second, I show how the distinction could be used to explain ambiguity and free pragmatic enrichment from the perspective of normative inferentialism. The aim of this paper is to establish theoretical foundations (...)
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  10. What is Morphological Computation? On How the Body Contributes to Cognition and Control.Vincent C. Müller & Matej Hoffmann - 2017 - Artificial Life 23 (1):1-24.
    The contribution of the body to cognition and control in natural and artificial agents is increasingly described as “off-loading computation from the brain to the body”, where the body is said to perform “morphological computation”. Our investigation of four characteristic cases of morphological computation in animals and robots shows that the ‘off-loading’ perspective is misleading. Actually, the contribution of body morphology to cognition and control is rarely computational, in any useful sense of the word. We thus distinguish (1) morphology that (...)
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  11. Identity and Indiscernibility.K. Hawley - 2009 - Mind 118 (469):101-119.
    Putative counterexamples to the Principle of Identity of Indiscernibles (PII) are notoriously inconclusive. I establish ground rules for debate in this area, offer a new response to such counterexamples for friends of the PII, but then argue that no response is entirely satisfactory. Finally, I undermine some positive arguments for PII.
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  12.  15
    k.L. N. & K. I. - manuscript
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  13.  39
    What Managers Could See in the Philosophical Block of “Free Will”?Matej Drascek & Stane Maticic - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (1):1-14.
    Business ethics’ theories have come under a lot of criticism lately. The problem has been the lack of a philosophical base or the inadequate implementation of it. We are trying to solve this problem by examining the roots of ethics and then applying it to the business environment. The root that has been undeservedly overlooked has been the concept of free will, the oldest philosophical problem on which every ethics theory lies. We have chosen two theories that we think would (...)
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  14.  53
    On the Interpretation of the Relativistic Quantum Mechanics with Invariant Evolution Parameter.Matej Pavšič - 1991 - Foundations of Physics 21 (9):1005-1019.
    The relativistic quantum mechanics with Lorentz-invariant evolution parameter and indefinite mass is a very elegant theory. But it cannot be derived by quantizing the usual classical relativity in which there is the mass-shell constraint. In this paper the classical theory is modified so that it remains Lorentz invariant, but the constraint disappears; mass is no longer fixed—it is an arbitrary constant of motion. The quantization of this unconstrained theory gives the relativistic quantum mechanics in which wave functions are localized and (...)
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  15. Causal Explanation.David K. Lewis - 1986 - In David Lewis (ed.), Philosophical Papers Vol. Ii. Oxford University Press. pp. 214-240.
  16.  63
    Clifford Space as the Arena for Physics.Matej Pavšsič - 2003 - Foundations of Physics 33 (9):1277-1306.
    A new theory is considered according to which extended objects in n-dimensional space are described in terms of multivector coordinates which are interpreted as generalizing the concept of center of mass coordinates. While the usual center of mass is a point, by generalizing the latter concept, we associate with every extended object a set of r-loops, r=0,1,...,n−1, enclosing oriented (r+1)-dimensional surfaces represented by Clifford numbers called (r+1)-vectors or multivectors. Superpositions of multivectors are called polyvectors or Clifford aggregates and they are (...)
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  17.  26
    Re-Enchanting the World: The Role of Imagination in Perception: K. Lennon.K. Lennon - 2010 - Philosophy 85 (3):375-389.
    This paper defends what the philosopher Merleau Ponty coins ‘the imaginary texture of the real’. It is suggested that the imagination is at work in the everyday world which we perceive, the world as it is for us. In defending this view a concept of the imagination is invoked which has both similarities with and differences from, our everyday notion. The everyday notion contrasts the imaginary and the real. The imaginary is tied to the fictional or the illusory. Here it (...)
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  18.  7
    A Beginning Is Always Historical, Ie, Governed by Chance: Fragments From a Conversation with M.K. Mamardashvili, April 5,1990.M. K. Mamardashvili - 1994 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 32 (4):48-65.
    Merab Konstantinovich [Mamardashvili] met with me immediately, as soon as I requested it, although he forewarned me that he could only dimly remember much of that distant past in which I was most interested. But evidently that past still perturbed him as well, since he agreed to speak with me even though he had not yet completely recovered from his illness, and hence his voice was feeble, at times subsiding to a whisper; he would pronounce his words indistinctly, constantly sticking (...)
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  19.  72
    On the Resolution of Time Problem in Quantum Gravity Induced From Unconstrained Membranes.Matej Pavšič - 1996 - Foundations of Physics 26 (2):159-195.
    The relativistic theory of unconstrained p-dimensional membranes (p-branes) is further developed and then applied to the embedding model of induced gravity. Space-time is considered as a 4-dimensional unconstrained membrane evolving in an N-dimensional embedding space. The parameter of evolution or the evolution time τ is a distinct concept from the coordinate time t=x0. Quantization of the theory is also discussed. A covariant functional Schrödinger equation has a solution for the wave functional such that it is sharply localized in a certain (...)
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  20. Finkish Dispositions.David K. Lewis - 1997 - Philosophical Quarterly 47 (187):143-158.
    Many years ago, C.B. Martin drew our attention to the possibility of ‘finkish’ dispositions: dispositions which, if put to the test would not be manifested, but rather would disappear. Thus if x if finkishly disposed to give response r to stimulus s, it is not so that if x were subjected to stimulus r, x would give response z; so finkish dispositions afford a counter‐example to the simplest conditional analysis of dispositions. Martin went on to suggest that finkish dispositions required (...)
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  21. Norm Manipulation, Norm Evasion: Experimental Evidence: Cristina Bicchieri and Alex K. Chavez.Cristina Bicchieri & Alex K. Chavez - 2013 - Economics and Philosophy 29 (2):175-198.
    Using an economic bargaining game, we tested for the existence of two phenomena related to social norms, namely norm manipulation – the selection of an interpretation of the norm that best suits an individual – and norm evasion – the deliberate, private violation of a social norm. We found that the manipulation of a norm of fairness was characterized by a self-serving bias in beliefs about what constituted normatively acceptable behaviour, so that an individual who made an uneven bargaining offer (...)
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  22. Anselm and Actuality.David K. Lewis - 1970 - Noûs 4 (2):175-188.
  23.  2
    Empathy and Agency: The Problem of Understanding in the Human Sciences.K. R. Stueber & H. H. Kogaler (eds.) - 2000 - Boulder: Westview Press.
    A crucial debate currently raging in the fields of cognitive and social science centers around general and specific approaches to understanding the actions of others. When we understand the actions of another person, do we do so on the basis of a general theory of psychology, or on the basis of an effort to place ourselves in the particular position of that specific person? Hans Herbert Kögler and Karsten R. Stueber's Empathy and Agency addresses this other issues vital to current (...)
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  24.  81
    Clifford-Algebra Based Polydimensional Relativity and Relativistic Dynamics.Matej Pavšič - 2001 - Foundations of Physics 31 (8):1185-1209.
    Starting from the geometric calculus based on Clifford algebra, the idea that physical quantities are Clifford aggregates (“polyvectors”) is explored. A generalized point particle action (“polyvector action”) is proposed. It is shown that the polyvector action, because of the presence of a scalar (more precisely a pseudoscalar) variable, can be reduced to the well known, unconstrained, Stueckelberg action which involves an invariant evolution parameter. It is pointed out that, starting from a different direction, DeWitt and Rovelli postulated the existence of (...)
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  25.  4
    Cognitive Systems of Human and Non-Human Animals: At the Crossroads of Phenomenology, Ethology and Biosemiotics.Filip Jaroš & Matěj Pudil - 2020 - Biosemiotics 13 (2):155-177.
    The article aims to provide a general framework for assessing and categorizing the cognitive systems of human and non-human animals. Our approach stems from biosemiotic, ethological, and phenomenological investigations into the relations of organisms to one another and to their environment. Building on the analyses of Merleau-Ponty and Portmann, organismal bodies and surfaces are distinguished as the base for sign production and interpretation. Following the concept of modelling systems by Sebeok, we develop a concentric model of human and non-human animal (...)
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  26.  60
    The Embedding Model of Induced Gravity with Bosonic Sources.Matej Pavšic - 1994 - Foundations of Physics 24 (11):1495-1518.
    We consider a theory in which spacetime is a 4-dimensional manifold V4 embedded in an N-dimensional space VN. The dynamics is given by a first-order action which is a straightforward generalization of the well-known Nambu-Gotto string action. Instead of the latter action we then consider an equivalent action, a generalization of the Howe-Tucker action, which is a functional of the (extrinsic) embedding variables ηa(x) and of the (intrinsic) induced metric gυv (x) on V4. In the quantized theory we can define (...)
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  27. A History of Greek Philosophy: Volume 5, The Later Plato and the Academy.W. K. C. Guthrie - 1962 - Cambridge University Press.
    All volumes of Professor Guthrie's great history of Greek philosophy have won their due acclaim. The most striking merits of Guthrie's work are his mastery of a tremendous range of ancient literature and modern scholarship, his fairness and balance of judgement and the lucidity and precision of his English prose. He has achieved clarity and comprehensiveness.
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  28.  20
    Method in Intellectual History: Quentin Skinner's Foundations: K. R. Minogue.K. R. Minogue - 1981 - Philosophy 56 (218):533-552.
    Quentin Skinner's The Foundations of Modern Political Thought is primarily of interest to philosophers not for its excellent account of European thought about the state but for the self–conscious philosophy which has gone into it. It is a rare historian who pauses to get his philosophy in order before he embarks on a major enterprise, though such a policy is possibly less unusual in intellectual history than in other fields. In Skinner's case, however, this order of doing things has been (...)
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  29. Self-Interest and Virtue*: NEERA K. BADHWAR.Neera K. Badhwar - 1997 - Social Philosophy and Policy 14 (1):226-263.
    The Aristotelian view that the moral virtues–the virtues of character informed by practical wisdom–are essential to an individual's happiness, and are thus in an individual's self-interest, has been little discussed outside of purely scholarly contexts. With a few exceptions, contemporary philosophers have tended to be suspicious of Aristotle's claims about human nature and the nature of rationality and happiness. But recent scholarship has offered an interpretation of the basic elements of Aristotle's views of human nature and happiness, and of reason (...)
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  30.  46
    Moral Agency, Commitment, and Impartiality*: NEERA K. BADHWAR.Neera K. Badhwar - 1996 - Social Philosophy and Policy 13 (1):1-26.
    Liberal political philosophy presupposes a moral theory according to which the ability to assess and choose conceptions of the good from a universal and impartial moral standpoint is central to the individual's moral identity. This viewpoint is standardly understood by liberals as that of a rational human agent. Such an agent is able to reflect on her ends and pursuits, including those she strongly identifies with, and to understand and take into account the basic interests of others. From the perspective (...)
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  31.  9
    İlgili-Seven Anne-Baba Tutumları İle Din Ve Dindarlık Arasındaki İlişki Üzerine.Nurten Kımter - 2015 - Dini Araştırmalar 18 (46):9-44.
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  32.  98
    Beneficence/Benevolence: WILLIAM K. FRANKENA.William K. Frankena - 1987 - Social Philosophy and Policy 4 (2):1-20.
    I begin with a note about moral goodness as a quality, disposition, or trait of a person or human being. This has at least two different senses, one wider and one narrower. Aristotle remarked that the Greek term we translate as justice sometimes meant simply virtue or goodness as applied to a person and sometimes meant only a certain virtue or kind of goodness. The same thing is true of our word “goodness.” Sometimes being a good person means having all (...)
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  33.  27
    The Structure of Empirical Knowledge.Paul K. Moser - 1987 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (4):670-673.
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  34. Underdetermination in Economics. The Duhem-Quine Thesis: K. R. Sawyer, Clive Beed and H. Sankey.K. R. Sawyer - 1997 - Economics and Philosophy 13 (1):1-23.
    This paper considers the relevance of the Duhem-Quine thesis in economics. In the introductory discussion which follows, the meaning of the thesis and a brief history of its development are detailed. The purpose of the paper is to discuss the effects of the thesis in four specific and diverse theories in economics, and to illustrate the dependence of testing the theories on a set of auxiliary hypotheses. A general taxonomy of auxiliary hypotheses is provided to demonstrate the confounding of auxiliary (...)
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  35.  35
    K. I. Kalliphatides: (1) Ρμηνευτικ Σ Παρατηρ Σεις Στ Ν Δι Λογο Τ Ν Mηλ Ων. (2) Ρμηνευτικ Σ Παρατηρ Σεις Στ Ν Δι Λογο Τ Ν Mηλ Ων, I. Pp. 48, 12. Thessaloniki: Privately Printed, 1965. Paper.R. Weil: Thucydide: La Guerre du Péloponnèse: Périclès. Pp. 105; Map. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1965. Paper, 9 Fr. [REVIEW]K. J. Dover - 1968 - The Classical Review 18 (01):109-.
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  36. Lehrer, K.-Self-Trust.K. Meeker & R. Van Woudenberg - 1999 - Philosophical Books 40:252-255.
  37. Rabindranath Tagore : Pioneer in Education Essays and Exchanges Between Radindranath Tagore and L.K. Elmhirst. --.Rabindranath Tagore & L. K. Elmhirst - 1961 - Murray.
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  38.  16
    Plato: Protagoras and Meno. A New Translation by W. K. C. Guthrie. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1956. Pp. 157. 2s. 6d.D. Tarrant & W. K. C. Guthrie - 1958 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 78:163-163.
  39.  48
    Clifford Space as a Generalization of Spacetime: Prospects for QFT of Point Particles and Strings. [REVIEW]Matej Pavšič - 2005 - Foundations of Physics 35 (9):1617-1642.
    The idea that spacetime has to be replaced by Clifford space (C-space) is explored. Quantum field theory (QFT) and string theory are generalized to C-space. It is shown how one can solve the cosmological constant problem and formulate string theory without central terms in the Virasoro algebra by exploiting the peculiar pseudo-Euclidean signature of C-space and the Jackiw definition of the vacuum state. As an introduction into the subject, a toy model of the harmonic oscillator in pseudo-Euclidean space is studied.
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  40. K. J. WU "Discovering Formal Logic". [REVIEW]K. G. Ferguson - 1995 - History and Philosophy of Logic 16 (2):285.
  41. K. Wigginton," Computer Crime: Assessing the Lawyer's Perspective.K. Forcht & D. Thomas - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (4).
     
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  42.  14
    Prof. K. Borinski on W. B. Smith's Biblical Criticism.K. Borinski - 1911 - The Monist 21 (2):307.
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  43. K. WENZEL, HoboPilgrim, ISBN 978-3-7867-2876-4.K. Vechtel - 2011 - Theologie Und Philosophie 86 (4):624.
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  44.  16
    The L/K-Capture Ratio of Argon 37.P. W. Dougan, K. W. D. Ledingham & R. W. P. Drever - 1962 - Philosophical Magazine 7 (75):475-482.
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  45.  72
    Information Technology Professionals' Perceived Organizational Values and Managerial Ethics: An Empirical Study. [REVIEW]K. Gregory Jin, Ron Drozdenko & Rick Bassett - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 71 (2):149 - 159.
    This paper summarizes the results of an analysis of empirical data on ethical attitudes of professionals and managers in relation to organizational core values in the Information Technology (IT) industry. This study investigates the association between key organizational values as independent variables and the ethical attitudes of IT managers as dependent variables. The study also delves into differences among IT non-managerial professionals, mid-level managers, and upper-level managers in their ethical attitudes and perceptions. Research results indicated that IT professionals from mechanistic (...)
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  46. Why Conditionalize.David K. Lewis - 1999 - In Antony Eagle (ed.), Philosophy of Probability: Contemporary Readings. Routledge. pp. 403-407.
  47.  12
    What Really Divides Gilbert and the Rejectionists?K. Brad Wray - 2003 - ProtoSociology 18:363-376.
    Rejectionists argue that collective belief ascriptions are best understood as instances of collective acceptance rather than belief. Margaret Gilbert objects to rejectionist accounts of collective belief statements. She argues that rejectionists rely on a questionable methodology when they inquire into the nature of collective belief ascriptions, and make an erroneous inference when they are led to believe that collectives do not really have beliefs. Consequently, Gilbert claims that collective belief statements are best understood as instances of belief. I critically examine (...)
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  48.  34
    Engaging Communities to Strengthen Research Ethics in Low‐Income Settings: Selection and Perceptions of Members of a Network of Representatives in Coastal K Enya.Dorcas M. Kamuya, Vicki Marsh, Francis K. Kombe, P. Wenzel Geissler & Sassy C. Molyneux - 2013 - Developing World Bioethics 13 (1):10-20.
    There is wide agreement that community engagement is important for many research types and settings, often including interaction with ‘representatives’ of communities. There is relatively little published experience of community engagement in international research settings, with available information focusing on Community Advisory Boards or Groups (CAB/CAGs), or variants of these, where CAB/G members often advise researchers on behalf of the communities they represent. In this paper we describe a network of community members (‘KEMRI Community Representatives’, or ‘KCRs’) linked to a (...)
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  49.  45
    Conspiracy Theories and Reasonable Pluralism.Matej Cíbik & Pavol Hardoš - forthcoming - European Journal of Political Theory:147488511989923.
    The popularity of conspiracy theories poses a clear challenge for contemporary liberal democracies. Conspiracy theories undermine rational debate, spread dangerous falsehoods and threaten social cohesion. However, any possible public policy response, which would try to contain their spread, needs to respect the liberal commitment to protect pluralism and free speech. A successful justification of such a policy must therefore: 1) clearly identify the problematic class of conspiracy theories; and 2) clarify the grounds on which the state is justified in acting (...)
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  50.  56
    Freedom to Choose Between Good and Evil: Theological Anthropology in Discussion with Philosophy.Matej Kováčik - 2020 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 12 (4):95-115.
    After a brief discussion of the terms determinism and free will, the paper sets out to compare some recent philosophical approaches to the problem of free will with a theological anthropology account of the notion. It aims to defend the claim, that even though different kind of questions are asked on both sides, they tackle similar issues and a complementary approach is needed. Recent philosophy considers the problem mostly from the standpoint of logic, naturalist evolutionary ontology and cognitive science. In (...)
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